No. 467.
Mr. Maynard to Mr. Evarts.

No. 316.]

Sir: For several days past Egyptian affairs have been the topic of chief interest in diplomatic circles.

By orders from the direction of the press, the newspapers have been allowed to publish nothing on the subject until yesterday.

It now transpires that Ismail Pasha, the Khedive of Egypt, was deposed by imperial irade of the Sultan, June 26, 1879, and his eldest son, Prince Mehemet Tewfik Pasha, nominated his successor.

Copies are inclosed of the several instruments by which this change has been effected.

I shall leave to the agent and consul-general of the United States at Cairo to furnish the local proceedings, as well as the causes and probable consequences of this grave proceeding. He must know the character of the new viceroy and be able to predict the effect of his administration both upon the producers and tax-payers of Egypt and upon her foreign creditors. These points are discussed at this capital and elsewhere, I suppose, but generally with limited means of information.

The late Khedive is expected to come here. He has a very handsome palace on the Bosphorus, and other valuable property in this part of the empire.

I have, &c.,

[Page 980]
[Inclosure 1 in No. 316.—Translation.]

Papers relating to the deposition of the Khedive.

Ismail Pasha replied to the announcement of his deposition by the following telegram, addressed to the Mabeiu, the imperial palace at Yeldiz-Kiosk, Constantinople? and also dated Thursday, June 26:

“I have received the telegram of his highness the Grand Vizier apprising me of the imperial iradé, in virtue of which I am enjoined to withdraw from the conduct of the public affairs of Egypt.

“On every occasion, and in all things, I have had no other desire than to satisfy my sovereign.

“I therefore humbly obey the imperial iradé with which I have been visited, and I transfer the direction of affairs to my son, Mehemet Tewfik Pasha.

“Wherever I may be, I recall what I owe to His Majesty the Sultan, and I desire to come to Constantinople to prostrate myself at the foot of the imperial throne, and live under the protecting ægis of the Sultan.

“I venture to hope that His Majesty will deign to accede to my humble request, and I throw myself upon his high magnanimity.”

The deposition of Ismail Pasha.

We complete to-day the translation in English of the state documents relating to the deposition of Ismail Pasha by the Sultan from the dignity of Khedive of Egypt, and the nomination of his highness’ eldest son, Prince Mehemet Tewfik, as his successor.

The following is the telegraphic dispatch of the grand vizier, dated the 6th Redjeb (Thursday, June 26), addressed to Ismail Pasha, and apprising him of his deposition:

“The difficulties, both internal and external, which have manifested themselves for some time past in Egypt, have reached such a pitch of gravity that the continuation of such a state of things cannot but be attended by a series of embarrassments and dangers for Egypt and the Ottoman Empire. The duty of protecting order and tranquillity, and of considering the best means of insuring the welfare of the people has always devolved upon the Imperial Government.

“Seeing, therefore, that the imperial firmans which have been issued concerning the administration of Egypt had solely this object in view; seeing that it has been clearly established that the maintenance of your highness in the dignity of Khedive could henceforward only result in increasing and aggravating existing difficulties, the council of ministers have decided to nominate to the dignity of Khedive His Highness Tewfik Pasha. An imperial iradé having sanctioned this decision, Tewfik Pasha has been informed of his nomination by another telegraphic dispatch.

“On receipt of the present telegram, you will have to withdraw from the conduct of affairs, in conformity with the order and firman of His Majesty.

“We enjoin upon you the necessity of this.”

The grand vizier’s telegram to Mehemet Tewfik Pasha, of the same date, says:

“His Majesty the Sultan, in his high solicitude for insuring in every way the prosperity and development of Egypt, an integral part of the Ottoman Empire, has granted to that province special administrative provisions and privileges.

“Nevertheless, the internal and external difficulties which prevail for some time past in the administration of Egypt have acquired such a degree of gravity that they have necessitated the dismissal of your illustrious father, Ismail Pasha.

“Your qualities, your uprightness, and your wisdom being a pledge that your highness will administer the country to the satisfaction of His Majesty the Sultan, and realize the security and tranquillity of the population, His Majesty, relying upon your capacity, confers upon you the dignity of Khedive of Egypt; such being the imperial iradé, the imperial firman of your investiture will be remitted to you with the customary ceremonial.

“Ismail Pasha, being relieved of his functions, has been called upon by telegraph to withdraw from the affairs of government. Consequently, upon the receipt of this dispatch, you will promulgate this imperial iradé, and communicate it to all the ulemas, generals, functionaries, and notables, as also to the whole population, and you will assume the conduct of governmental business.

“Your highness justly deserves to be raised to this dignity, and your nomination is regarded as the harbinger of a new era of good administration, order, and progress for Egypt. We reiterate our hopes and prayers for your success, and we beg of you to accept our congratulations.”

The events which have been occurring for some time past in Egypt have attracted the attention of His Majesty the Sultan and his government.

The Sublime Porte, by the firman which it delivered to His Highness Ismail Pasha, [Page 981] on the 13th Rebiul-ewel, 1290, showed to what a degree it desired the material and moral progress of Egypt.

Nevertheless, in consideration of the turn which affairs have taken in that province, His Majesty the Sultan finds himself compelled to take measures with regard to this question. Wherefore, upon the report presented to His Majesty by his council of ministers, and unanimously approved of by them, His Majesty has decided to dismiss Ismail Pasha, and to replace him by his son, Mehemet Tewfik Pasha. This important decision of the Imperial Government is communicated to Egypt. I beg of you to communicate it to the government to which you are accredited.

In doing so, you will add that His Imperial Majesty the Sultan has no intention of turning-existing difficulties to the purpose of depriving Egypt of an administration of which the advantages have been recognized for the last forty years. The privileges which have been granted to Egypt, and to the family of Mehemet Mi Pasha, by the imperial firman of 1257, will remain in force as hitherto. If the Imperial Government suppresses the provisions of the firman of 1290, which has been the cause of so many evils, we are justified in believing that the great powers will regard this fact as a further proof of the good intentions which His Majesty the Sultan entertains for that province. The Imperial Government has no intention of annulling the conventions which Ismail Pasha has concluded, within the limits of his rights; but it has simply decided upon restoring an equilibrium to that privileged province, upon using its influence to put an end to abuses which have attained considerable proportions, and by the exercise of its rights to stay the present crisis before it becomes more intense.

The government to which you are accredited will, we believe, be of the same opinion as the Sublime Porte, and we hope that this imperial decision which is promulgated with the object of securing peace and tranquillity in so important a province as Egypt, will be everywhere well received.—[From the daily Levant Herald of the 27–28 June, 1879.