Alphabetical Index.

Note.—The page number refers to the page upon which the dispatch or paper begins in which the subject referred to is discussed.

A.

  • Acapulco: firing upon Consul Sutter’s flag May, 1877; officer in command of fort at time, sentenced by court-martial to lose commission 802
  • A’Court, commander of Her Britannic Majesty’s ship “Osprey:” thanks of the United States tendered in recognition of services in protecting Sitka from hostile Indians 490
    • report upon condition of affairs at Sitka; town saved from destruction by Indians by presence of the “Osprey” 492
  • Adams, Charles Francis, jr.: Series of questions as to railroad taxation in Europe; dispatch to Mr. Welsh; identic dispatches to other ministers. 413
    • Reports from ministers to Austria-Hungary, Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, The Netherlands, Russia, and Switzerland upon railroad taxation 52, 54, 63, 92, 345, 379, 413, 429, 846, 847, 910, 970
    • reports upon railroad system of Sweden and Norway 959, 960
  • Admeasurement of vessels:
    • Belgium: regulations of the Government of, touching. 112
      • views of the Secretary of the Treasury as to admeasurement of Belgian vessels 114, 116, 119
      • American rule does not recognize net tonnage; system explained 116
    • Germany: commercial treaty with Austria-Hungary of December 16, 1878, article 11; admeasurement of vessels to be mutually accepted 44
    • Great Britain: same rule of admeasurement of British vessels in Suez Canal trade to extend to vessels of other nations 487
  • Admiral, tug: case of, vs. frigate Constitution; claim for salvage; judgment given by Sir R. Phillimore against tug 407
  • Africa: Mr. Noyes instructed to study trade relations with countries of North Africa, with reference to extension of American commerce 342
    • Central: population said to be upward of one hundred millions; French projects to develop commercial relations with; project of a railway from Algeria 722
    • report upon the project of a railway from Algeria to the Soudan; European enterprises 723
  • Liberia: agricultural and commercial interests, resources, and possibilities 699, 701, 712, 722, 723
    • the rumor of a French protectorate false; hostility of people and government to the idea; interest of the United States in Liberia 341, 718, 727
  • Agriculture:
    • Belgium: condition of agriculture; implements in use 87
    • Colombia: agricultural productions in their relationship to commerce with the United States 254, 256, 278
    • Great Britain: agricultural and commercial depression; speeches of Lords Beaconsfield, Derby, and Salisbury 453, 468
      • editorial from The Times and letter from Mr. Andrews upon American agriculture and land 466, 478
      • report from Mr. Hoppin upon the effect of the agricultural depression upon emigration 463
      • the growth of the American cattle trade; its bearing upon English agriculture 423
    • Hawaiian Islands: sugar and rice production 529
    • Hayti: industrial condition discussed; deplorable condition of her agriculture 560
    • Liberia: report upon Liberian coffee; quality unsurpassed; large shipment of plants to Brazil 699
      • report of proceedings of meeting of Liberian planters and farmers; agricultural possibilities 712
    • Mexico: visit to hacienda of Chualta; condition of agriculture discussed 804
    • Russia: grasshopper and locust ravages in Southern Russia; report upon, by Mr. Portschinsky 920, 925
    • Spain: need of improved methods; importation of American wheat 938, 939
  • Alaska: visit of Her Britannic Majesty’s ship “Osprey,” Commander A’Court; report upon condition of affairs 490, 492
    • withdrawal of troops from Alaska, exposes inhabitants to the mercy of the Indians 492
  • Ali Pasha, Muhammed, of Egypt: documents relating to the pacification of the Levant in 1840, 1841 1018
  • Allegiance:
    • Germany: naturalization cases brought to attention of Legation 359, 367
    • Italy: inalienable: case of Largomarsino 600
    • Mexico: effect of service in Mexican army upon citizenship 815, 824
    • Switzerland: difficulties attending expatriation 973
    • United States: right of expatriation fully recognized 824
      • status of minors, children of citizens of the United States 814, 815, 824
  • American citizenship:
    • Central America: abuses; case of Anton Joseph Maassen 143
      • suggestion that government shall establish conditions of forfeiture of citizenship; and criteria for determination of citizenship of citizens abroad 143
    • Germany: naturalization cases; report upon cases requiring intervention of legation. 359, 367
    • Mexico: query as to effect of entry into Mexican army, such act being an act of citizenship under Mexican law, upon United States citizenship 815
      • right of expatriation recognized by the United States; citizenship determined by local law 824
      • status of minor children born while their father was yet an American citizen; case of James W. Smith 814, 815, 824
      • matriculation of Americans upon production of State Department passports conceded 741, 819
    • Switzerland: abuses; case of Dietze; a naturalized citizen; absentee for 24 years 968
    • Turkey: consular jurisdiction in criminal cases in which Americans are offenders; case of the naturalized citizen Mirzan 987, 990, 1010, 1012
    • (Right of American citizens to purchase foreign-built ships and to sail them. See Chili: Peru: foreign-built ships: American flag.)
    • Until coming of age, a child born of American parents although continuing abroad is an American citizen 814
  • American flag:
    • Acapulco: redress accorded by Mexico for the firing upon the consul’s flag at, in 1877 802
    • Question discussed as to right of foreign-built vessels owned by American citizens to the protection of, and to fly the same 150, 174, 177, 180, 861, 865, 867, 874, 877, 881, 882, 884, 894
    • case of the “Itata,” a foreign-built vessel said to have been bought by an American citizen; required by Mr. Minister Gibbs to haul down the flag at Callao, Peru 150, 861
    • notes from Mr. Gibbs and Mr. Christiancy to Peruvian minister for foreign affairs as to right of foreign-built ships owned by American citizens to the use of the American flag 865, 874, 881
    • the flag allowed by custom to foreign-built vessels owned by American citizens as an indication of their ownership and as an emblem of their owners’ nationality 177, 874, 884, 894
    • Mr. Evarts to Mr. Christiancy: foreign-built vessels owned by American citizens may fly the flag as an indication of ownership 884, 894
  • American fishermen: article from the London Daily News upon the Fortune Bay fishery claims 451
  • Ammen, Admiral: appointed with Mr. Menocal to represent the United States at the Paris interoceanic canal conference 339
    • report of the proceedings of the conference 380
  • Anderson, John: seaman on American bark “C. O. Whitmore” murdered first mate of vessel on voyage from New York to Calcutta; usurpation of jurisdiction of case by the high court of Calcutta 435
    • report of the proceedings; material witnesses not called; insufficiency of the sentence 446
  • Andrassy, Count: opposition to his foreign policy, and to Bosnian occupation 35
  • Andrews, C. C., late minister to Sweden: letter from, published in London Times of October 24, 1879, upon land and agriculture in the United States 478
  • Angel, Charles W., extradited criminal: arrested in Portugal, permission granted by Spain to transport him across Spanish territory en route to the United States 936
  • Antofogasta, and portion of territory in dispute between Chili and Bolivia occupied by Chilian troops 148
  • Antwerp: conversion of port dues, collected under stipulations for redemption of the Scheldt dues. 112
    • views of the Secretary of the Treasury as to conversion of Antwerp port dues, and as to admeasurement of vessels 114, 116, 119
    • further discussion of subject by Mr. Van den Bossche 115
    • admeasurement of vessels under Belgian law, port dues question 117, 119
  • Areola, leader of Mexican raiders across the Rio Grande; correspondence between Mr. Foster and Mr. Avila concerning his operations 730, 754
    • his arrest reported by the Mexican Government 771
  • Argentine Republic: boundary question with Chili, its status; case of the American bark “Devonshire” 13, 14, 147
    • solicitude of the United States that boundary question with Chili should be amicably settled 15, 147
    • boundary question with Chili to be submitted to arbitration 14
    • agreement for submission to arbitration suspended 20
    • boundary question: treaty signed establishing the status quo for a period of ten years; Straits of Magellan neutralized and opened to all flags 23
    • Senate rejects the status quo treaty with Chili; new propositions looking to arbitration 25
    • popular sympathy in favor of Bolivia and Peru, and against Chili 20
    • Congress assembles; message read; financial statement satisfactory; debt reduced; peace assured; immigration increasing 21
    • attempted assassination of General Roca; cabinet crisis; Ex-President Sarmiento appointed minister of the interior and chief of cabinet 25
    • conflict between the national government and that of the state or province of Buenos Ayres apprehended 27, 28
    • Congress enacts law prohibiting mobilization of national guard within eight months preceding a Presidential election 34
  • Arizona: depredations committed in, by Mexican outlaws; refuge afterward sought in Sonora 734
  • Armies of Europe: strength of 82
  • Arosemena, Pablo, minister for foreign affairs of Colombia, signed protocol January 7, 1879, with Mr. Dichman, regulating deposit of ships’ papers with consuls of the United States in Colombian ports 266
    • signed protocol February 22, 1879, with Mr. Dichman as to right of transit of troops and prisoners of the United States across the Isthmus of Panama 273
  • Asta Buruaga, Señor: appointed Chilian minister at Washington 160
  • Asylum: so-called right of, in consulates and legations; gravity of the question; the practice an inducement to revolution 570
    • correspondence respecting the so-called right of asylum; protest of Haytian minister for foreign affairs 576
    • the United States not tenacious to maintain the so-called right of asylum; refugees received in legation must refrain from communicating with insurgents while in refuge 582
    • attitude of Switzerland in respect thereto; utterances of the Swiss press. 965
  • Atacama, desert of, description of its resources: its possession one of the causes of the war between Chili and Bolivia 160
  • Attachés: military and naval at our legations: report of Lieut. F. V. Green upon military and naval attachés, their duties, &c 906
  • Austria: influence of dualism of government of empire upon the functions of the Austrian ministry 35
    • precautions against the Russian plague 43
    • report upon the system of railway taxation and management in Austria (see Mr. Adams’s queries, page 413) 52, 63
    • regulations concerning construction of railways; government guarantee of interest; acquisition by government of railways through operation of sinking fund at the end of ninety years 63
    • report upon the system of railway taxation and management in Hungary 54
  • Austria-Hungary: customs duties payable after January 1, 1879, in gold; business conducted on paper basis; no gold or silver in circulation; both treated as merchandise 36
    • trade treaty with Germany; transportation of goods in bond in sealed cars; railways leading to frontiers of both countries to he connected; liberal application of “most favored nation” principle; text of treaty 44
    • (For analysis of treaty see list of papers, page xxxii.)
    • looking to a customs union with Servia 59
    • growth of protectionist ideas; new tariff protectionist in character;
    • treaties with Germany and Italy based upon equivalent concessions 40
    • trade returns for 1878; imports, 579, 547, 828 florins, equal to $278, 000, 000; exports, 698, 362, 513 florins, equal to $335, 000, 000; balance in favor of Austria-Hungary about $57,000,000 52
    • statistics of production and consumption of beer in Austria-Hungary, and of the revenue derived there from 81
    • estimate of expense of Bosnian occupation submitted to the delegation;
    • amount, $67, 000, 000; loss in killed, wounded, and missing, 5,000 men 38
    • objection to Count Andrassy’s foreign policy, and to Bosnian occupation 35, 38
    • military statistics of the empire; strength of European armies 82
    • railway management in Austria and Hungary 52, 54, 63
    • precautions taken by government respecting correspondence, to exclude the plague 50
    • influence of dualism in the government of the empire upon local interests and questions 35
  • Austro-Hungarian Bank: accumulation of silver in its vaults; effort to get it into circulation; government comes to the aid of the bank 50
  • Avellaneda: President of Argentine Republic; message to Congress respecting the mobilization of the national guard in view of apprehended conflict between national government and that of Buenos Ayres 28
    • government measure as to mobilization of the national guard defeated 34
    • averse to a war with Chili 25

B.

  • Bailey, David H., consul-general at Shanghai: report upon form of procedure in mixed cases between Americans and Chinese (see Mr. Seward’s circular calling for reports upon this subject, p. 220) 229
    • memorandum upon organization and procedure of international tribunal of Egypt 229
  • Balatshano, Mr., Roumanian envoy at Vienna: communicates to Mr. Kasson the wish of his government to enter into diplomatic relations with the United States 49
  • Balmaceda, Mr., Chilian minister to Buenos Ayres: empowered to carry out agreement with Argentine Republic as to boundary question 20
    • signs with Dr. Montes de Oca, Argentine minister, status quo convention; Straits of Magellan neutralized 23
  • Banda Oriental light-dues: statement of question; attempt to collect Uruguayan taxes in Buenos Ayres; protest of Mr. Osborn 16
    • adjustment of question; no objection to American vessels paying East Point and English bank light-dues 19
    • approval of action of minister and consul at Buenos Ayres respecting the light-dues question 20
  • Bandinel, F., vice-consul at New Chwang: report upon procedure in mixed cases between Americans and Chinese 233
  • ‘Barbara Taylor,” British vessel, wrecked upon island of Quelpart; aid rendered by Coreans to the crew 612
  • Baring: Messrs. de Blignierès and Baring appointed controllers-general of receipts and expenses of Egypt 1033
  • Barrios, President of Guatemala: reception accorded Mr. Minister Logan: a reciprocity treaty with the United States suggested by President Barrios 142
    • calls constitutional convention; his dictatorship to terminate upon establishment of new government 140
  • Barron, William: contractor for construction of the railway from Mexico to Leon; forfeiture of contract by the Diaz Government 774
  • Bath, Marquis of: article from the Spectator upon the condition of affairs in Eastern Roumelia attributed to 984
  • Battenberg, Prince Alexander, of: elected Prince of Bulgaria; visits Constantinople en route to his principality 984
  • Baumer, Julius, naturalized citizen: case of, brought to attention of legation at Berlin (see for full account of case, Foreign Relations, 1878, pages 210 and 228) 367
  • Bazelais, Boyer, and Edmond Paul: leaders of the revolution at Port-au-Prince 564
    • weakness of government action after the suppression of their revolution 569
  • Beaeonsfield, Earl of: speech at Aylesbury upon the prevalent agricultural and commercial distress in Great Britain 453
  • Beaumont, Commodore, United States Navy: system of international fogsignals; transmitted for submission to foreign governments for consideration and adoption 4
  • Becker, Benjamin, naturalized citizen: case of, brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367
  • Bee, F. A., Chinese consul at San Francisco: correspondence as to internal-revenue tax upon Chinese tobacco manufacturers 237
  • Beer: statistics of production and consumption of, in Austria-Hungary 81
    • suggestion by Mr. Dichman looking to admission of American beer into Colombia free of duty 25
  • Belgium: kind expressions of the King respecting the United States 86
    • suggestions looking to the extension of our trade with; necessity of studying the conditions of Belgian trade in Belgium 87
    • resumption of diplomatic relations with Mexico; appointment of a minister 89
    • national exhibition to be held in Brussels, and to open June 15, 1880 92
    • report upon the system of railway taxation 92
    • relations with the Vatican discussed; liberal party proposes a separation of church and state; political excitement; attitude of the clergy. 90
    • debate in the Chamber of Deputies upon bill to secularize education; digest of speeches; bill passed by vote of 67 to 60 97
    • report upon the gold and silver coin and bullion and currency in Belgium 109
    • conversion of Antwerp port dues, and of admeasurement of vessels in Belgian ports; views of Belgian Government 112, 115
    • views of the Secretary of the Treasury upon the subject 114 116
    • reply of Mr. Van den Bossche to the views of the Secretary of the Treasury 117
    • answer of the Secretary of the Treasury embodied in note from Mr. Evarts 119
  • Belligerent rights: case of Mr. John Calvocoressi, whose property in Turkey was occupied by the Russian army during the late Russo-Turkish war; question as to Russia’s liability discussed 913
    • neutrals domiciled in the country of one of two belligerents become liable to suffer the chances of war with other inhabitants of the country 883, 924
    • note from Baron Jomini rejecting the Calvocoressi claim; no liability recognized by Russian Government on account of damage to private property in an enemy’s country 926
  • Berlin: exposition of products and utensils of sea and inland fisheries to be held at Berlin in 1880; programme of exposition 354
    • treaty of: abstract of treaty signed at Constantinople February 8, 1879, between Russia and Turkey, supplemental to treaties of San Stefano and Berlin 978
    • (For text of treaties of San Stefano and Berlin see Foreign Relations, 1878, pp. 865, 894.)
  • Berude, John Gottfried, naturalized citizen: case brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367
  • Bi-metallism: two papers upon the subject of, by Mr. George McHenry, of London 441
  • Births, marriages, and age at which males and females attain majority in the United States: circulars of February 16, 1872, from Department of State 121
  • Bismarck, Prince: protectionist views attacked in parliament 365
    • his views sustained 360, 392, 394
    • speech in the Reichstag upon suspension of sale of government silver, and change in basis of coinage 385
    • powerful influence with the people; government success at the elections to the Prussian Landtag 402
  • de Blignières: Messrs. Baring and de Blignières appointed controllers-general of receipts and expenses by Egyptian Government 1033
  • Bloeh, Eli, naturalized citizen: case brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367
  • Blockade: effectiveness of Chilian blockade of Iquique; effect upon blockade of withdrawal at night of blockading squadron to a distance of four miles from the shore 886
    • views of Minister Christiancy upon the blockade of Iquique approved 893
    • ports in hands of hostile forces, can only be closed to neutral nations by the government of the country in which they are located, by blockade:
    • attempt of Venezuela to close Puerto Cabello by decree 1038, 1040
  • Blumenkron, Mr.: Mexican forced loan case; carried to the courts; decision in his favor; decision valueless; judgments cannot be collected against the Treasury, 746
  • Blyden, Dr., Liberian minister to Great Britain: speech of, as to resources and possibilities of Liberia 712
  • Boig, Emilio: an American citizen; impressed into the Mexican army; protest of Mr. Minister Foster; release of Boig 741
  • Bolivia: origin of war with Chili; boundary question; movements of Chilian military and naval forces 148
    • war declared against Chili; Peru to join Bolivia; secret alliance between Bolivia and Peru; movement of Chilian forces 160
    • text of secret treaty between Bolivia and Peru; Peruvian statement of the causes of war with Chili 867
    • no Bolivian privateer to be allowed to fit out in the ports of the United States 125
    • Treasury circular of June 21, 1879, prohibiting the fitting out of Bolivian privateers in the United States 126
    • Treasury circular and views of the United States communicated to the Government of Bolivia 127, 128
  • Bombardment: question as to necessity of preceding notice discussed 889
  • Bosnian occupation: Austrian estimates; expenses, $67,000,000; loss in killed, wounded, and missing, 5,000 men 38
  • Boundary question between Argentine Republic and Chili; case of the American bark “Devonshire” 13, 14, 15, 147
  • Boundary relations of the United States with Canada and Mexico. (See Frontier relations: Great Britain: Mexico.)
    • Mr. Kasson suggests consideration of Austro-German commercial treaty in connection with our frontier relations with Canada and Mexico 44
    • Boundary relations of Austria-Hungary and Germany: as illustrated by commercial treaty 44
  • Boxer, British man-of-war: receives refugees from Haytien revolution on board 569
  • Brassey, Mr. Thomas; M. P.: letter upon the organization of a naval reserve of ships for Great Britain; remarks upon the United States steamer Trenton 429
  • Brazil: condition of trade in Brazil; need of capital to insure success to Americans engaging in business in Brazil; strength of British in fluence; 133
    • no opening for Americans as clerks; acquaintance with the language necessary to success in business 132
    • need of the establishment of solid American business houses in Brazil 134
    • public sentiment favorable to the United States 130
    • trade-mark convention between the United States and Brazil concluded. 129
    • cabinet crises; changes in the electoral system proposed; political emancipation of non-Catholics discussed 132
    • changes in the electoral laws; limitation of suffrage, with direct voting for members of Parliament 135
    • probable passage of the electoral bill; account of the debate 136
    • large importation of Liberian coffee-plants 699
    • request of Brazilian minister that the United States laws against counterfeiting may be extended to embrace issues of foreign governments 138
    • disagreement in Judiciary Committee of the United States Senate as to constitutional power to enact laws punishing the counterfeiting of the notes of foreign powers by persons in the United States 140
    • subject to be again brought to the attention of Congress by the Secretary of State 141
    • regulations of the empire as to manifests of cargo of vessels touching at more than one port prior to sailing for Brazil. (See F. R., 1878, p. 71) 139
  • Brugger: Pauper family sent to the United States by the communal authorities of Graben, Switzerland 972
  • Brussels: Belgian National Exposition to be opened June 15, 1880 92
  • Buenos Ayres: payment of Uruguayan light dues or taxes demanded of American vessels in the port of; protest of Mr. Minister Oshorn; statement of the Banda Oriental light dues question 16, 19
    • conflict between the national and provincial governments apprehended. 27, 28
    • legislature of, passes law reserving to itself the right to order out the national guard 34
  • Bulgaria: affairs of, discussed; Prince Alexander, of Battenberg, chosen sovereign; article from the Spectator upon affairs south of the Balkans 984
    • visit of the Prince of Battenberg to Constantinople en route to Bulgaria 984
  • Burnell and Criswick, of England: project to build railroad in Liberia from Monrovia interior ward 701
  • Byers, S. H. M., consul at Zurich: letter from, respecting collection of property in Switzerland belonging to naturalized citizens of the United States of Swiss birth 973
    • letter from, respecting abuses of American citizenship; case of William Dietze 968

C.

  • Cairoli, Mr.: assumes ministry of foreign affairs upon resignation of Count Corti 596
    • gallant conduct at the time of the attempt upon the life of the King 597
    • forms new ministry 601
  • Calcutta: usurpation of jurisdiction by high court of in the case of John Anderson, seaman on American bark “C. O. Whitmore,” charged with the murder of the first mate of the vessel during the voyage from New York to Calcutta 435
    • report of proceedings and sentence of Anderson 446
  • Calvocoressi, case of Mr. John: An American citizen, domiciled in Turkey during the late war; claim for damages resulting from Russian occupation of his property 913
    • question of liability for damage to property of neutral subject domiciled in belligerent’s territory discussed 883, 913, 924, 926
    • the Calvocoressi claim not to be pressed as of right; to be commended to the consideration of the Russian Government 924
    • rejection of claim by Russian Government 926
    • the equities of the case urged upon the Russian Government by Mr. Hoffman 927
  • Camacho: Dr. Salvador Camacho Roldan; submits project for reciprocity treaty between the United States and Colombia; statistics of Colombian trade; direct trade with New Orleans advocated 254, 256, 258
  • Campbell: Sir G., speech in the House of Commons upon Egyptian affairs 1001
  • Campos: General Martinez Campos, report upon the pacification of Cuba 943
  • Canada: cases of the tugs “Champion,” “Winston,” “J. H. Martin,” and schooner “Augustus Ford,” fined for aiding wrecked American vessels in Canadian waters. (See F. R., 1878, pp. 351, 352) 481
    • loss and injury to American commerce upon the lakes by refusal of Canadian Government to allow American vessels to aid wrecked or disabled vessels in Canadian waters; action in direction of reciprocity urged upon Canada 481
    • necessity for agreement between Canada and the United States as to right of vessels of either nationality to aid wrecked and disabled vessels in the waters of the other 498
    • views of Canadian Government respecting assistance to be rendered to wrecked and disabled vessels in Canadian waters 498
    • Canada responsible for delay in accordance, reciprocally, of right to vessels of either nationality, to aid wrecked or disabled vessels in the waters of the other 505
    • act of Congress of June 19, 1878, entitled “An act to aid vessels wrecked or disabled in the waters coterminous to the United States and the Dominion of Canada” 505
    • Indian movements upon the frontier; Sitting Bull and Canadian Indians upon American territory; Government of Canada notified 488
    • Indian question discussed: Memorandum of Canadian minister of the interior; concentration of Indians in Bear Paw Mountains 488
    • invasion of territory of the United States by British Indians and half-breeds 500
    • memorandum of Dominion Government respecting the Sioux Indians; request of, that the United States will take steps to secure their return to American territory 508
  • Canadian fisheries: Fortune Bay outrage; editorial from daily News upon the question. (See F. R., 1878, pp. 284, 308, 314, 323, 346, 349.) 451
    • visit of the Kearsarge to the fishing grounds to examine pending questions 504
  • Canal: Boisrond, president of Hayti; speech upon opening of assembly 556
    • resignation; he proposes to go into exile; result of the revolution 569
    • his embarkation; respect shown him by the people of Port au Prince 572
  • Canal, interoceanic:
    • Panama; text of the Wyse-de Lesseps concession from Colombia 243
      • Mr. Minister Dichman’s correspondence upon the subject of the interoceanic canal 243, 290, 295, 297
      • (For copy of the de Gorgoza interoceanic canal contract, see F. R. 1876, pp. 87, 88.)
      • instructions to Admiral Ammen and Mr. Menocal, representatives of the United States at the Paris interoceanic canal conference 339
      • report of proceedings of the Paris convention 340
    • Suez; report by Mr. Farman upon the construction and operation; expenses and receipts of the canal of Suez 993
      • summary of transit of vessels; tonnage of vessels; receipts; working expenses; net profits, &c., since construction 1034
      • rules as to admeasurement of vessels to be common to all flags 487
  • Cape Haytien, Hayti: insurrection of June 20, 1879; success of the government forces 559
    • Cape Haytien, Gonaïves, and St. Marc in hands of the revolutionary army 569
  • Cape Verde Islands: American whaling ships charged with shipping crews in violation of local laws; protest of Portuguese Government 899
    • precautions taken by consul of the United States to cause American vessels to observe local laws 903
    • Saint Vincent naval cemetery; preparations to transfer dead from old to mew cemetery; Portuguese Government to build wall around grounds; need of an annual appropriation to keep the cemetery in repair (see F. R., 1878, p. 737) 902
    • satisfaction of the United States at proposed action of Portuguese Government 902
  • Capital punishment: the right to resort to, except in political cases, restored to the cantons in Switzerland: corporal punishment abolished 971
  • Caracas: Venezuela; entry of revolutionary army under General Cedeño 1040
  • arrival of General Guzman Blanco 1041
  • Carbajal-Corlis bonds: neither interest nor principal paid by Mexico; a few bonds bought at 18¾ cents on the dollar 733
  • Catholic question:
    • in Belgium: relations with the Vatican discussed; liberal party proposes a separation of Church and State; attitude of the clergy; political excitement 90
    • debate in the chamber of deputies upon bill to secularize education; digest of speeches; bill passed by vote of 67 to 60 97
    • in Brazil: political emancipation of non-Catholics discussed 132
  • Cattle trade: American export trade in cattle; particulars of its growth; precautions taken to insure health of cattle 423
  • Central America: President Barrios, of Guatemala, calls a constitutional convention 141
    • reception of Mr. Minister Logan; friendly expressions of President Barrios upon the occasion 142
    • need of some regulation, by which the fact of renunciation or loss of American citizenship may be determined; many persons in Central America claim American citizenship without proper authority 143
  • Certificates: form of, required to make up a landing certificate to cancel export bonds covering merchandise exported under internal-revenue laws 7
  • Champion, tug: case of, fined for aiding wrecked American vessels in Canadian waters 481
  • Charges of all kinds upon merchandise to be exported to the United States must be entered upon the invoice before its authentication 1, 10
  • Chéréf Pasha: correspondence relative to transfer of Cleopatra’s Needle to New York 1003
    • participation in the investiture of Tewfik Pasha as khedive 1005
  • Chicago excursionists to Mexico: gratification expressed at their reception; but little may be accomplished, however, by such excursions 799
  • Chihuahua: forced loans; case of Walter Henry; futility of reference to courts for redress (see F. R., 1878, p. 527) 727
  • Chili: American bark “Devonshire;” released by orders of the Chilian Government 13, 14, 147
    • gratification of the United States at prospect of settlement of boundary question between Chili and the Argentine Republic, 15, 147
    • war with Bolivia and Peru complicates settlement of boundary question between Chili and the Argentine Republic 20
    • origin of the difficulty between Chili and Bolivia; disputed boundary; movement of military and naval forces of Chili, and occupation of Anto-fogasta 148
    • proclamation of war by the president of Bolivia; Peru to aid Bolivia; description of the desert of Atacama 160
    • war declared by Chili against Peru; Iquique blockaded; Chilian army increased 167
    • government manifesto in support of its declaration of war against Peru 168
    • conflict between the Chilian wooden vessels, the Esmeralda and Covadonga, and the Peruvian iron-clads Huascar and Independencia 176
    • Bolivia and Peru propose arbitration based upon status quo ante belium; especial envoy from Ecuador in the interest of peace 178
    • Peruvian statement of the causes of the war; secret treaty between Bolivia and Peru 867
    • Chilian successes at sea; difficult country for military operations; Peruvian finances deranged; losses to neutral shipping 874
    • regret of the United States at breaking out of war between Chili and Bolivia and Peru 175
    • Bolivia not to be allowed to fit out privateers in the United States 125
    • circular of the Treasury Department to customs officers cautioning against Bolivian privateers 126
    • increase of the British squadron in the Pacific 894
  • Chilian press opposes European intervention in the contest between Chili and Bolivia and Peru 178
  • China: transit pass question; refusal of Hankow intendant to recognize passes issued in favor of Szchuen produce; correspondence between the legation and Chinese foreign office 181, 200, 208, 211, 215, 219
    • destruction of English missionary buildings at Foochow by Chinese mob 183
    • local authorities dealing fairly with missionary cases at Foochow 234
    • changes in the Chinese foreign office; the yameu numbers eleven members 207
    • the Marquis Tseng appointed minister to Great Britain 208
    • note from Mr. Evarts as to request that American consular officers in Cuba should render protection to Chinese subjects 219
    • Chin Kiaug harbor: question as to right of Chinese Government to protect same by ordering the removal of a hulk owned by British subjects 189
    • Shanghai harbor conservation rules: correspondence touching interpretation of the same. (See F. R. 1878, pp. 103, 105, 107.) 192
    • concession of the right to order removal made by the British diplomatic representative in China 189
    • memorial of Chinese ministers in Japan touching the affairs of the Lew Chew Islands: the good offices of the United States requested 606
    • mixed courts: circular from Mr. Seward to consuls, asking information as to form of procedure in civil cases between Americans and Chinese 220
    • answers from consuls to circular as to mixed courts and form of procedure in civil cases between Americans and Chinese 221, 229
    • consulates: interpreters should be Americans; bad effect of employing native Chinese as interpreters. 203
    • Mr. Consul Knight’s views as to interpreters at Chinese consulates; should be Americans and well paid; their influence in commercial affairs 234
  • Chinese professorship at Harvard University: good influence upon the consular service that a trained body of American interpreters, graduates of Harvard, could exercise 234
  • Chinese tobacco manufacturers of San Francisco: protest of Chinese minister against ruling of collector of internal revenue requiring bondsmen to be owners of real estate 237
    • reference of protest to the Secretary of the Treasury 241
    • bondsmen may be accepted if solvent, whether owners of realty or not 241
  • Chinkiang: question as to right of Chinese Government to protect harbor by ordering removal of a hulk from its moorings 189
    • right of removal conceded to Chinese Government 189
  • Cholera: Japan: an account of the origin of the cholera in Japan 668
    • theory of the origin of the cholera epidemic 680
    • statistics of the cholera; death rate 663, 665, 667, 681, 695
    • correspondence touching the right of the Japanese Government to establish quarantine regulations for port of Yokohama-Kanagawa, to guard against the introduction of cholera: concession of the right by the United States; its denial by Germany and Great Britain 604, 608, 647, 657, 665, 670
    • Morocco: the cholera of last year followed by malignant typhus; great suffering and loss of life 840
  • Chotteau tariff movement in direction of special commercial treaty between the United States and France; views of Mr. Minister Kasson as to its impracticability 61
  • Christianey, Mr. J. P., minister to Peru: correspondence with Minister Osborn as to right of foreign-built vessels owned by American citizens to fly the American flag 877, 882
  • Ciare, island of, in Gulf of California: Americans prohibited from settling upon 798
  • Circulating medium: reports upon the gold and silver coin and bullion and paper currency in the several commercial countries 36, 41, 50, 109, 385, 398, 432, 441, 449, 543, 616, 687, 695, 822, 842, 851, 923
  • Citizenship, American: improper applications for protection under claim of, frequently made in Central America; case of Anton Joseph Maassen 143
    • suggestions from Mr. Minister Logan that the government should establish conditions under which American citizens should be held to have expatriated themselves, and by which their citizenship, when abroad, might be more surely determined than at present 143
    • query as to whether the Mexican law, which makes all those who serve in the Mexican army citizens of Mexico, works a forfeiture of American citizenship 815
    • the right of expatriation recognized by the United States: by serving in the Mexican army an American may, under Mexican law, acquire citizenship 824
    • abuses of, in Switzerland: case of William Dietze; naturalized in 1855; twenty-four years away from the United States with no intention of returning; twenty years in Switzerland 968
    • cases of naturalized citizens in Germany 359, 367
  • City government: reports by Mr. Kasson and Mr. Delaplaine upon the municipality of Vienna 64, 74
  • Cleopatra’s Needle: negotiations respecting its transfer to New York 1003
  • Coffee duties: their imposition suggested by Mr. Dichman to enable the government to negotiate reciprocity treaties with coffee-producing countries by making concessions in their favor 278
  • Coffee of Liberia: report upon; its commercial value; extent of good coffee territory; large export of plants to Brazil 699
  • Collisions at sea: fog signals of Commodore Beaumont proposed to prevent 4
  • Colombia: commercial and reciprocity treaty with the United States proposed; statistics of Colombian trade 254, 256, 258, 278
    • steam communication with New Orleans discussed 258
    • statistics of population, revenue, imports and exports; tariff; tobacco exports to the United States 256
    • foreign debt of Colombia: aggregate between nine and ten million dollars; interest, payments, &c 289
    • deposit of ship’s papers with consul of ship’s nation 260, 266, 270, 273, 280, 289
    • protocol of January 7, 1879, regulating deposit of ship’s papers 266
    • law of Colombia upon the subject in accord with that of the United States. 289
    • expression of the friendly sentiments of the United States toward Colombia 285
    • forced loans: question of; citizens of the United States exempt from, under most favored nation clause of the treaty of 1846 287
    • interoceanic canal: correspondence in relation to 243, 290, 295, 297
    • text of the Wyse-de Lesseps interoceanic canal contract 243
    • right of transit across the Isthmus of Panama for criminals in custody of officers of the United States 251, 271, 273, 284
    • (For statement of the case of C. G. Scafford see F. R, 1878, p. 151.)
    • protocol of February 22, 1879, as to right of transit of United States troops, and of criminals in custody of United States officers, across the isthmus 273, 284
  • Commerce:
    • Africa: extension of our commerce with countries of North Africa to be reported upon by Mr. Noyes: Central Africa; railway project to connect Algeria with the Soudan; European enterprise 718, 722, 723
      • report of M. de Freycinet upon the railway from Algeria to the Soudan 723
    • Austria Hungary: trade returns for 1878; imports and exports; balance in favor of empire $57,000,000 52
      • empire looking to customs union with Servia; trade with Roumania 58, 59
      • currency questions; business on paper basis; customs payable in gold; new tariff protective 36, 40, 44, 52, 59
    • Belgium: report upon trade relations with the United States and currency report 87, 109
    • Brazil: foreign commerce largely in hands of Great Britain; need of establishment of solid American houses 132, 133, 134
    • Colombia: statistics of trade; reciprocity and direct steam communication with the United States suggested 254, 256, 258, 278
    • Denmark: state of trade; general depression; imports and exports from and to the United States; tariff league against the United States proposed 303, 307
    • Germany: tariff policy protective; see treaties with Austria-Hungary, and Samoa 44, 360, 365, 388, 392, 396
    • Great Britain: speeches of Lords Beaconsfield, Derby, Salisbury, and others upon commercial and industrial depression 453, 465
      • cattle trade with Great Britain 423
      • effect of commercial depression upon emigration; report by Mr. Hoppin 463
    • Hawaiian Islands: import trade in hands of European merchants 542
    • Hayti: industrial condition discussed 560
    • Japan: imports and exports; tariff policy 620, 638, 639, 694
    • Liberia: report upon coffee production and export; industrial resources and possibilities 699, 701, 712
    • Mexico: exports, statistics of population, area, &c.; agriculture 804, 808, 834
    • Portugal: tobacco duties advanced 900
    • Roumania: imports and exports; trade chiefly with Austria 58
    • Servia: imports and exports; character of agriculture; finances 59, 82
    • Siam: trade relations discussed 929
    • Spain: importation of American wheat; reciprocity discussed 938, 939
    • Sweden and Norway: railway system in its bearing upon commercial exchanges 959, 960
    • Egypt: Suez canal business 993, 1034
    • Venezuela: details of Pereiré contract for opening mines, building railways, roads, harbors, mills, establishing banks, &c 1045
  • Commercial policy:
    • Austria-Hungary to develop trade with the Danubian countries 38, 58, 59
    • protective policy; commercial treaties 44, 42, 59
    • Colombia: reciprocity treaty with the United States, and direct steam communication suggested 254, 258, 278
    • Denmark: protective 307
    • France: retaliatory tariff policy 42, 61
    • Germany: protective; special commercial treaties 44, 360, 365, 381, 388, 392, 394
    • Hawaiian Islands: reciprocity with the United States 512, 529
    • Japan: tariff revision: encouragement of export trade 638
    • Liberia: development; aid to build railways sought; relationship to the United States 701, 712, 718, 722
    • Mexico: high protective 811, 812
    • Netherlands: free trade 849
    • Portugal: higher duties 900
    • Roumania: regulation by commercial treaties 58
    • Servia: regulation by commercial treaties 59, 82
    • Siam: development 928, 929
    • Spain: reciprocity policy discussed 938, 939
    • Venezuela: development; dependence upon European capital 1045
  • Commercial treaties. (See treaty.)
  • Constantinople: treaty of, between Russia and Turkey, signed February 8, 1879, supplemental to treaties of San Stefano and Berlin 978
  • Constitution: frigate; proceedings before Sir R. Phillimore in the case of the steam tug Admiral vs. the frigate Constitution for salvage; case decided against the tug 407
    • assistance rendered by Portuguese Government to the Constitution at the royal navy yard at Lisbon 901, 905
  • Consuls: directed to require specification in invoices of all charges upon goods to be exported to the United States 1, 10
    • directed to note upon invoices true market value of goods when undervaluation is suspected 6
    • required to send to customs officers at ports of entry prices current of merchandise exported to the United States 2
    • required to make regular sanitary reports to the National Board of Health 10
    • need of United States consuls in Roumania to study trade relations with the United States; recommendations of Mr. Kasson 58
    • need of United States consuls in Servia pointed out by Mr. Kasson 82
    • desirability of selecting Chinese-speaking Americans for consulates in China; suggestions as to employing only Chinese-speaking Americans as interpreters at our Chinese consulates 203, 234
    • consular annual report required to contain a table showing humidity of atmosphere in consular districts 3
  • Consular authentication of bill of sale of foreign-built vessels sold to citizens of the United States, prima facie evidence of genuineness of transaction 894
    • authentication tax of Hayti; position of the United States defined for information of British Government 501
    • correspondence between Mr. Langston and Mr. Ethéart; removal of discussion by Hayti to Washington 546
    • discussion of subject by Mr. Preston and the Secretary of State; notes from Mr. Preston 583, 587, 594
    • notes from the Secretary of State 586, 595
    • consular certificate to clearance papers: Brazilian regulations as to manifests of cargo of vessels touching at more than one port prior to sailing for Brazil 139
    • consular jurisdiction in criminal cases in Egypt; case of Mirzan, charged with the murder of Dr. Dahan 987, 990, 1010, 1012
    • jurisdiction in civil cases in China between citizens of the United States and Chinese; reports from consuls as to mixed courts 220, 221, 229
  • Contraband of war: question as to right of the Chilian fleet to prevent the shipment of nitrates from Pisagua as contraband of war without establishing a blockade 888
  • Corea: wreck of the “Barbara Taylor,” a British vessel, upon the island of Quelpart the crew rescued by the Coreans 612
    • visit of Mr. E. M. Satow, Japanese secretary of the British legation, to Corea; its object 612
    • restrictions of Corea upon Japanese trade with the open port of Fusan; violation of treaty with Japan; visit of Mr. Hanabusa 612
    • Japanese difficulty with Corea to be settled by diplomacy; Japanese press on the so-called designs of Russia upon Corea 612
    • settlement of difficulty; treaty between Japan and Corea; port of Gensan to be opened by Corea to Japanese trade 619, 696
    • the satisfaction of the United States at the settlement of the difficulty between Japan and Corea expressed by the Secretary of State 620
    • the Japanese press upon the so-called designs of Russia upon Corea 612
  • Corlis-Carbajal bonds: neither interest nor principal paid by Mexico; a few bonds bought at 18¾ cents on the dollar 733
  • Corti, Count: retirement of, from the ministry 596
  • Cotton goods: adulterated cotton goods of British make sold in Denmark as American goods 307
  • Counterfeiting: the laws of the United States against, do not extend to issues of foreign governments; representations of Brazilian minister as to the desirability of their amendment to include such issues 138
    • subject to be brought to the attention of Congress 141
    • notes from Brazilian minister 138, 140
    • notes from the Secretary of State 140, 141
    • note from Senator Edmunds 141
    • United States money; punishable under German law by imprisonment at hard labor 364
    • United States postage-stamps; question unsettled as to whether punishable under German law 364
  • Courts, mixed, in China: question discussed by our consuls in China 220, 221, 229
  • Cowdin, Hon. Elliot C, or some representative American merchant, should visit Brazil to study question of extension of American trade with that country 134
  • “C. O. Whitmore,” the American bark: case of Joseph Anderson, seaman, tried at Calcutta for murder of first mate while on voyage from New York to India 435
    • report of trial; usurpation of jurisdiction by the high court of Calcutta 435, 446
  • Crete, island of: sanction of the United States requested to the increase of the customs duties to raise funds for support of schools 981
  • Cross, Eight Hon. R. A., home secretary: speech at South port 462
  • Criswick and Burnell, of England: railway project in Liberia of 701
  • Crusader, case of the tug: amicably arranged by American and Canadian officials of Detroit and Port Sarnia 485
  • Cuba: reply and request of China that American consuls in Cuba should extend protection to Chinese in that island 219
  • Cuban questions discussed in King’s speech at opening of Cortes; reforms; extinction of slavery; Cuban representation in Cortes; system of administration in the island and in the peninsula to be assimilated 941
    • report of General Martinez Campos upon the pacification of Cuba 943
    • report of the ministry of Ultramar upon Cuban reforms; royal decree appointing a Commission upon reforms 952
    • extraordinary taxes imposed upon Americans in Cuba; subject referred to the governor-general 954
  • Curaçoa: island of, project of Gen. Guzman Blanco to purchase Curacoa for Venezuela 1043
    • no likelihood of the sale of the island by the Netherlands; King’s speech at opening of the Staats-General 849
  • Currency: See reports upon gold and silver coin and bullion and paper money; circulating medium; gold; silver.
  • Customs tariff: see tariff.

D.

  • Danube: countries in valley of; in easy diplomatic relations with legation at Vienna 38
    • Austrian policy to engross trade of valley of the Danube 58, 59, 82
  • David, Emil: naturalized citizen; case brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367
  • Debt:
    • Argentine-Republic; statement of foreign and domestic debt, reduction during current year 21
    • Austria-Hungary: gold duties exacted to provide fund to meet interest 36
    • Colombia: statement of foreign debt 256, 289
    • Japan: statement of foreign and domestic debt; debt reduced 656
    • Liberia: debt to the United States 701
    • Mexico: foreign debt; bondholder’s movement to organize railway development company 764, 774, 795, 799
      • receipts, expenses, and general statistics, as indicating debt-paying capacity 770, 808, 834, 836
      • Corlis-Carbajal bonds 733
    • Roumania: statement of debt and resources; debt aggregates 500,000,000 francs 58
    • Servia: financial condition, and statement of debt 59, 82
    • Sweden and Norway: railway debts 959, 960
    • Turkish Empire: Egypt; interest charge upon foreign debt 1035.
  • De Lano, M. M., consul at Foochow; report upon form of procedure in mixed cases between Americans and Chinese 223
  • Delaplaine, W. J. F., secretary of legation at Vienna; report upon the police system of Vienna 74
  • Denmark: trade statistics; imports and exports; suggestions for the increase of trade with the United States 303
    • extradition treaty proposed; negotiations entered upon; instructions from the department 306, 309
    • rumored sale of St. Thomas untrue 308
    • sale of St. Thomas discussed; Great Britain indicated as the power willing to consider its purchase 310
  • Deposit of ships’ papers: correspondence between Mr. Dichman and the Department of State upon the subject 260, 266, 270, 273, 280, 289
    • position of the British Government upon the question; correspondence between Mr. Dichman and the British Minister at Bogota 270, 280, 486
    • protocol of January 7, 1879, regulating deposit of ship’s papers in Colombian ports 266
    • Colombian law now substantially the same as that of the United States upon the subject 289
  • Derby, Earl of: speech at Southport upon the prevalent agricultural and commercial distress in Great Britain 453
  • “Devonshire:” American hark, surrendered by Chilian authorities; boundary question between Argentine Republic and Chili involved in decision of case 13, 14, 147
    • surrender of vessel gratifying, but apprehension expressed that, unless boundary dispute between the Argentine Republic and Chili be settled, similar occurrences to the seizure of the vessel may happen 15
  • Diaz, Porfirio, President of Mexico: favorable comments upon his message; the success of his administration largely due to his personal character 837
    • revolutionary plan of General Diaz, dated Palo Blanco, March 21, 1876; decree given at Oaxaca, September 26, 1876, nullifying contracts of the Lerdo government 774
    • attitude of the Diaz government upon the railway question 774
  • Dietz, William: naturalized citizen; abuse of citizenship; naturalized in 1855, away from the United States without intention of returning twenty-four years; correspondence between Mr. Fish and the consul at Zurich 968
  • Diplomatic officers of the United States to submit for consideration of the governments to which they are accredited Commodore Beaumont’s code of fog signals 4
    • to report upon the amount of gold and silver coin and bullion and paper currency in the treasury, the banks, and in circulation in the countries to which they are accredited; also, upon production of gold and silver 3
    • For reports see pages 109, 398, 432, 441, 449, 543, 822, 842, 851, 923.
  • Disseminating taxes: Haytien consular authentication tax, and license tax, 546, 550, 553, 554, 583, 586, 587, 591, 593, 594, 595
    • Cuban taxes against American citizens 954
  • Dombrovine, Second Lieutenant: Russian Nihilist; trial and execution 918
    • attempted assassination of the Emperor of Russia: police and passport regulations; nihilistic movements 913, 917, 918, 920
  • Drawbacks upon duties: German minister asks if drawbacks are allowed upon goods imported and then exported from the United States 403
    • answer: they are allowed on merchandise provided the same has remained in the hands of the customs officers of the United States 404
  • Dufaure, M., retirement from the ministry: resignation of President MacMahon; election of M. Jules Grévy as President of France 334
  • Dutiable value of importations: circular requiring packing and other charges to be specified in invoice 1, 10
  • Duties in Austria-Hungary, after January 1, 1879, payable in gold 36
  • Duties: see tariff.
  • Von Decker, Herr: speech in the Reichstag upon suspension of sale of German government silver; total net loss on sales already made 72,000,000 marks 385

E.

  • Earl, Captain Hamilton, H. B. M.’s chief naval officer east coast of Africa: unwarranted search of the American bark “Laconia,” in the harbor of Zanzibar, ordered by 415
    • regret expressed by British Government at unwarranted search of the “Laconia.” 431
  • Eastern question: Digest of treaty of Constantinople, supplementary to treaties of San Stefano and Berlin, signed 8th February, 1879 978
  • Eastern Roumelia: condition of affairs in; administration of Aleko Pasha Vogorides; article from the London Spectator, attributed to the Marquis of Bath 984
  • Edmunds, Senator, George F.: note of February 26, 1879, as to disagreement in the Judiciary Committee of the Senate as to constitutional power of the United States to pass laws for the punishment of the counterfeiting of notes of foreign governments by persons in the United States 141
  • Education:
    • Belgium; bill to secularize education passed by the chambers; synopsis of the debate 97
    • Crete, Island of: proposed increase of duties to raise fund for purposes of 981
    • Germany: labors of Dr. Falk in behalf of education; extension of school system under his administration 394
      • secularization of education: opposition to 394
  • Eggers, Ernst: naturalized citizen; case brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367
  • Egypt: report by Mr. Farman upon the cost, revenue, expenses, and profits of the Suez Canal 993
    • statistics as to the business of the canal 1034
    • international tribunal: memorandum by Mr. Bailey upon the organization and working of 229
    • case of Etienne P. Mirzan: a naturalized citizen, charged with the mur of Dr. Alexander Dahan, in Alexandria 987, 1012
    • question as to jurisdiction of the court of the consul-general to try Mirzan 987
    • vice consul-general, in absence of consul-general, has cognizance of the case 990, 1010
    • finances: receipts, £8, 500, 000 (Egyptian); interest on debt, £5, 000, 000; balance for expenses, £3,500,000; estimated deficit, £1,000,000 1035
    • Cleopatra’s Needle: negotiations respecting its transfer from Egypt to New York 1003
    • pacification of the Levant in 1840, 1841; collection of documents relating to the alliance between Great Britain, Russia, Prussia, and Austria against Muhammed Ali, pasha of Egypt, and in support of Turkey 1018
    • growth of the influence of France and Great Britain in the affairs of Egypt; demands of the powers upon the khedive 996
    • speech of Sir G. Campbell in the House of Commons upon Egyptian affairs 1001
    • effect of the resignation of Nubar Pasha: 996
    • khedivate of Egypt: its establishment under Ismail Pasha; the reason of his downfall; review of his reign by Mr. Maynard 982
    • review of the reign of Ismail Pasha by Mr. Farman 1005
    • deposition of Ismail Pasha and appointment of his son Tewfik 979, 1005, 1008, 1013
    • ceremonies upon the reception of the firman appointing Tewfik Pasha khedive 1013
    • the khedive willing to appoint an American member upon the commission of liquidation 1017
    • foreign intervention in government affairs 1017
    • re-establishment of the controller-generalship of receipts and expenses, and the appointment of Messrs. Baring and de Blignieres as controllers-general 1033
    • description of the several divisions of Egypt 1013
  • von Eisendecher: Mr. Minister, correspondence touching the right of Japan to issue quarantine regulations 665, 670
  • “Ellen Rizpah” and “Rising Sun”: indemnity in cases of, paid by Spain 956
  • Elliot, President Charles W.: correspondence with Mr. Consul Knight, of New Chwang, respecting the establishment of a Chinese professorship at Harvard University 234
  • Emigration of Mormons to the United States: circular from the Secretary of State; foreign governments to be requested to take steps to prevent 11
    • reports in reply to the circular from the ministers to—
  • Emigration of English farmers to the United States, probability of, incident upon agricultural distress in Great Britain 463
  • English bank and East point light (Uruguay) dues, to be paid by American vessels 16, 19
  • Entomology: Russian society of; report by Mr. Portchinsky, secretary of, upon the locust in Southern Russia 925
  • Esmeralda, Chilian steam corvette: combat with the Peruvian iron-clad Huascar (see page 176) 879
  • Evarts, Mr., expresses the hope that the unhappy struggle now convulsing the South American people may be restrained within its original bounds 23
  • Expatriation:
    • Italy; case of Largomarsino; right of expatriation not recognized 600
    • Germany; naturalization cases submitted to legation at Berlin 359, 367
    • Mexico: effect of service in Mexican army upon citizenship. 815, 824
    • Switzerland: difficulties attending Swiss expatriation: action of communal and cantonal authorities respecting property of Swiss naturalized in the United States. (Forlaw regulating expatriation see F. R., 1876, page 567) 973
    • United States: right of, fully recognized by; compliance with law of a person’s domicil respecting citizenship, held to have changed character of his citizenship 815, 824
  • Exposition: Berlin; international; of products and utensils of sea and inland fisheries 354
    • Brussels; national; of the industries of Belgium 92
  • Export bonds: regulations for the cancellation of, pertaining to merchandise exported under internal revenue laws 7
  • Exterritoriality of legations: question raised by case of William Knoth, a German subject summoned for military duty, messenger to legation at Berlin 374, 375
    • citations from international law bearing upon the case 375
    • German law restricts enjoyment of right to non-Germans 384
  • Exterritoriality of consular court in Egypt in case of American citizen charged with criminal offence 987, 990, 1010, 1012
  • Extradition:
    • Denmark; outline of negotiations for extradition treaty with 306, 309
    • Colombia: question discussed by Mr. Dichman 251, 271
      • its bearing upon right of transit across the Isthmus of Panama of extradited prisoners of the United States 271
      • (For case of C. G. Scrafford, extradited prisoner in transit, released by order of Colombian government, at Panama, see F. R. 1878, page 151.)
      • right of transit of extradited prisoners in custody of United States officers across the Isthmus of Panama secured 251, 271, 273, 284
    • Spain: case of Chas. W. Angell, arrested in Portugal; permission granted by Spanish Government to transport the prisoner across Spanish territory 936
      • the right of transit of an extradited criminal in custody, across the territory of a foreign state, now attracting the attention of the Department of State 941

F.

  • Falk, Dr., German minister of education: causes of his resignation; his career 394
  • Farm machinery needed in Mexico: report of trial of American machines 804
  • Finances:
    • Argentine Republic: satisfactory condition; debt reduced $2,760,000 during current year 21
      • Austria-Hungary; business conducted on paper basis; no coin in circulation; gold merchandise; customs duties payable in gold 36, 39, 41, 50, 52
      • Belgium: report upon the gold and silver coin and currency in the kingdom 109
      • Chili: business at a stand-still on account of the war; issue of six millions in paper notes 178
      • Colombia: revenue; debt and interest charge; imports and exports 256, 289
      • Denmark: influence of general business depression upon; falling off in imports and exports 303
      • Egypt: revenue; expenses; interest charge upon debt 1035
      • Germany: influence of the silver sales upon the finances; net loss to government on sales already made 72,000,000 marks; report upon the gold and silver coin and currency in circulation 385, 394, 398
      • Great Britain: report upon the gold and silver coin and currency in circulation 432, 441, 449
      • Japan: receipts and expenditures for the current year; decrease in paper circulation and in debt; coinage record 616, 656
      • Liberia; annual message of the president; statement of receipts and expenses 701
      • Mexico: estimated receipts and expenses; deficit $4, 378, 000; table of exports; report upon gold and silver coin, and paper currency 770, 774, 808, 822, 836
      • Morocco: report upon the Currency 842
      • Netherlands: report upon gold and silver coin and paper currency 851
      • Peru: effect of the war upon the finances; proposed increase of paper circulation by issue of 8,000,000 soles 874
      • firing upon the flag of Consul Sutter at Acapulco in 1877. Reparation 802
      • Russia: report upon gold and silver coin and bullion and paper currency 923
  • Firing upon the flag of Consul Sutter at Acapulco in 1877. Reparation 802
  • Fish, Mr. Hamilton: copy of his note of December 1, 1871, to Mr. Palacio 730
  • Fisheries question: Canadian, editorial from London Daily News upon the Fortune Bay outrage claims 451
  • Fisheries exposition: to be held at Berlin in 1880; programme of exposition 354
  • Flatar Philip: naturalized citizen; case brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367
  • Flag. American: question of transfer of foreign built vessels to 150, 174, 177, 180, 861, 835, 867, 874, 877, 881, 882, 884, 894
  • Fog signals: Commodore Beaumont’s international system to be presented for the consideration of foreign governments 4
  • Folte Gustave: naturalized citizen; case of, brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367
  • Foochow: destruction by Chinese mob, of English missionary premises at Foochow 183
    • an American man of war sent to Foochow 183
    • local authorities are dealing more satisfactorily with missionary cases 234
  • Forced loans:
    • Colombia: Americans exempt from, under operation of “most favored nation” clause of treaty 287
    • Mexico: Chihuahua cases: case of Walter Henry; Mexico holds that such cases must be referred to the courts 727
      • cases in State of Jalisco and in San Luis Potosi; case of Mr. F. A. Newton; Mr. Foster advises resort to the courts 746
      • broad grounds taken by Mexico as to right to enforce same 750
      • utter futility of appeals to the courts shown by Mr. Foster 727, 746
      • Mr. Foster’s position approved by the Secretary of State 772
  • Foreign built vessels owned by American citizens: question of their right to fly the American flag, and to the protection of the United States:
  • Fortune Bay fisheries question discussed by the London Daily News 451
  • France: resignation of President McMahon; election of Mr. Jules Grévy as President; details of election 332
    • message of President McMahon upon tendering his resignation 332
    • ministry formed by Mr. Wacldington; retirement of M. Dufaure 334
    • rumored attempt on the part of France to establish a protectorate over Liberia 341, 718
    • deep interest of the United States in Liberia expressed 341
    • the idea of a French protectorate over Liberia not entertained; suggested by irresponsible persons 341, 727
    • projected trans Saharian railway from Algeria to the Soudan; French efforts in Africa 722, 723
    • tariff policy of France retaliatory; tariff arranged to compel other nations to accord favorable commercial treaties 40, 42, 61
    • conversation between Mr. Kasson and M. Teisserence de Bort, French ambassador at Vienna, as to the commercial policy of the United States 61
    • report upon the system of railway taxation in France; notes from ministry of finance 345
    • Mormon proselyting practically unknown in: polygamy a crime under French law; arrest will follow its advocacy 349
    • Admiral Ammen and Mr. Menocal appointed to attend Paris interoceanic canal conference 339, 340
    • proposed impeachment of the de Broglie and Rocheboüet ministries 334
  • Free trade:
    • the Netherlands: royal speech at opening of Staats General: ministry not to depart from free-trade policy 849
    • growth of protectionist views in Europe 40, 42, 307
    • Austria-Hungary: protective tariff and treaty policy 40, 42
    • Germany: protectionist views of Prince Bismarck; new tariff protective 307, 360, 365, 392
    • United States: protective tariff policy explained by Mr. Kasson 61
  • Freycinet, M. de: report upon project of railway from Algeria to the Soudan; views as to Central African trade 722, 723
  • Friedenthal, Dr.: resignation from the German ministry 394
  • Frontier Relations:
    • Canada: Fortune Bay fisheries claims: editorial from London Daily News respecting 451
      • visit of the Kearsarge to the fishing grounds off British North American provinces 504
      • cases of the tugs “Champion,” “Winston,” “J. H. Martin,” and of the schooner Augustus Ford” 481
      • aid to disabled vessels in waters of either by vessels of other country; notes from the Secretary of State to Sir Edward Thornton 481, 498, 505
      • note from Sir Edward Thornton to the Secretary of State 498
      • Sitting Bull and other Indians: crossings of the frontier; views of the Canadian Government; notes from the Secretary of State to Sir Edward Thornton 488, 496, 500, 504
      • notes from Sir Edward Thornton to the Secretary of State 488, 508, 510
      • Sitting Bull and his band regarded as British Indians; Great Britain responsible for the peace of the frontier respecting their movements 496
      • shipment of ammunition to Manitoba; danger of its reaching the hostile Indians 491, 502
      • navigation of the Red River of the North; restrictions upon, in conflict with Article XXX, Treaty of Washington 503, 506, 507
    • Mexico: forced loans in Chihuahua; case of Walter Henry 727, 750, 772
      • operations of Areola: his arrest 730, 754, 771
      • depredations in Arizona: refuge sought in Sonora 734
    • Lower California: administration of affairs in 825
    • Rio Grande frontier: question of depredations from Mexican side 730, 754
      • depredators from Mexico: when apprehended in Mexico should be punished by Mexican law; Mr. Foster’s position on frontier question approved 773
      • Indian raids: campaign against the Lipans; report of General Ord 801, 816
      • railroads to the frontier: public sentiment respecting; hostility to connection with American railway system 774, 811, 826
      • frontier states of Mexico: restrictions upon American ownership in realtyin 798, 809, 833

G.

  • Gambetta, M.: speech upon election to the presidency of the Chamber of Deputies 334
  • Ganzenmuller, Karl: naturalized citizen; intervention of legation at Berlin in his behalf. (See for case in full F. R., 1878, pages 216, 229.) 367
  • Gardner, A. W., president of Liberia: message to Congress; a review of Liberian affairs 701
  • Germany:
    • Berlin: international fisheries exposition to be held in 1880 in 354
    • death of Minister Bayard Taylor 357, 358, 484
    • Reichstag opened by the Emperor in person: his speech 360
    • commercial treaty with Austria-Hungary: debate in Parliament upon 365
    • text of treaty. (See Mr. Kasson’s dispatch of February 10, 1879.) 44
    • law for suppression of social democratic movement passed 351
    • debate and decision upon the Parliament discipline bill 365, 394
    • treaty with Samoa favorably discussed in the Reichstag 388, 394
    • text of the treaty with Samoa signed January 24, 1879 381
    • attack in debate upon the protectionist views of Prince Bismarck 365
    • debate upon the new tariff law: strong tendency in the direction of protection developed, 392, 394
    • augmentation of duty upon American lard 392
    • debate upon the silver question: upon the restoration of the double standard, and the suspension of the sale of silver 385
    • losses already sustained by the government by the sale of silver 385
    • government not likely to sell more silver: prospects of reissue 394
    • stock of government silver on hand unknown: 41
    • resumé of the work of the session of the Reichstag 394
    • resignation of Dr. Falk and Dr. Friedenthal and Herr Hobrecht 394
    • career of Dr. Falk 394
    • coalition between the ultramontane and the imperial and conservative parties in the Reichstag 394
    • constitution of Alsace-Lorraine: created a state of the empire, with a parliament 394
    • statistics of gold and silver coin and bullion and paper currency 398
    • cases of naturalized citizens arrested for alleged offenses against the military laws of the empire 359
    • cases of naturalized citizens which have required the intervention of the legation 367
    • question of exterritoriality of legations 374, 375
    • under German law benefits of exterritoriality only to extend to non-Germans 384
    • railway taxation: no uniform system adopted for the empire; report of Prussian system 379
    • election to the Prussian Landtag a conservative victory; strength of Prince Bismarck with the people 402
    • position of Germany upon question of the right of Japan to issue quarantine regulations for the port of Kanagawa 604, 647, 665, 670
  • Gibert. Mr. Felix: comments of Hon. J. M. Vigil upon his report upon Lower California 825
  • Glass, Thomas: sentence of deportation of Consul-General Van Buren against, not approved. (See F. R. 1878, page 518.) 697
  • Gold: Austria-Hungary; not in circulation; treated as merchandise 36
    • duties payable in gold 36
    • Mexico: gold exported 808
  • Gold and silver coin and bullion and paper currency in the Treasury, in the banks, and in circulation; amount of gold and silver annually produced and coined; circular 3
    • Reports from ministers in the following countries:
      • Austria-Hungary: gold not in circulation; business conducted on paper basis 36, 39, 41, 50
      • Belgium 109
      • Germany: government sales of silver discussed 385, 394, 398
      • Great Britain: letters from Mr. George McHenry and note from Lord Salisbury 432, 441, 449
      • Hawaiian Islands 543
      • Japan: report of the imperial mint; decrease in paper circulation 616, 656
      • Mexico: amount of gold and silver exported 808, 822
      • Morocco 842
      • Netherlands: memorandum of the minister of finance 851
      • Russia 923
  • Gonaive, Hayti: revolution extends to 564, 569
  • Gorgoza, A. de: first negotiation of the de Gorgoza-Türr-Wyse-de Lesseps canal concession; history of negotiation 297
    • (See Mr. Scruggs’ dispatches 163 of May 7, and 170 of June 5, 1876.)
  • Goribar forced loan case: decision of supreme court of Mexico that forced loans are unconstitutional 746
  • Government vessels: not men-of-war, nor yachts of sovereigns, when engaged in mail and package service, subject to arrest at suit of private persons: opinion of Sir R. Phillimore 415
  • Grain: American wheat imported into Spain 938
  • Grant, General: account of his reception by the King and Government of Spain 935
    • invited to visit Siam 928
    • account of his reception in Japan by the Emperor, his government and people 636, 643, 685, 694
  • Great Britain:
    • American cattle trade with Great Britain: its growth; precautions taken to insure the health of the cattle 423
    • British officers prohibited from acting as consuls for foreign governments 407
    • terms of admission of private students to Royal Naval College at Greenwich 427
    • search of the American bark “Laconia” in the harbor of Zanzibar by order of Captain Earl, of the royal navy 415
    • the search a violation of Article 1 of the treaty of 1862 415
    • regret expressed by Great Britain at unauthorized action of Captain Earl. 431
    • speeches of Lords Beaconsfield and Derby and Mr. Cross upon agricultural and commercial distress in Great Britain 453
    • speech of Lord Salisbury upon the government policy 468
    • emigration: prospect of large emigration to the United States of members of the farmer class 463
    • Mormon emigration to the United States: government powerless to do anything 450, 465
    • report upon system of railroad taxation 413, 429
    • reports upon the gold and silver coin and bullion and paper currency; letters from Mr. George McHenry and note from Lord Salisbury 432, 441, 449
    • conclusion of a commercial treaty with Servia 59
    • position of Great Britain upon question of the right of Japan to issue quarantine regulations for the port of Kanagawa 604, 647, 657, 665, 670
    • gold medal of the Royal Astronomical Society conferred upon Prof. Asaph Hall, of the National Observatory 414
    • letter from Mr. Brassey upon the constitution of a naval reserve 429
    • visit of the “Osprey” to Sitka, Alaska: thanks of the United States extended to Captain A’Court; defenseless condition of Sitka 490, 492
    • frontier relations with Canada: disabled vessels in Canadian waters; need of agreement as to reciprocal aid to 481, 498, 505
    • cases of the tugs “Champion,” “Winston,” “J. H. Martin,” and of the schooner “Augustus Ford” 481
    • Fortune Bay fisheries claims: editorial from the Daily News respecting 451
    • (See F. R., 1878, pages 284, 308, 314, 323, 348, 349.)
    • visit of the United States steamer Kearsarge to the fishing-grounds 504
    • Indian question: Sitting Bull and band regarded by the United States as British Indians; Great Britain responsible for the peace of the frontier in respect of their movements 496
    • British Indians upon, and crossing the frontier: views of Canadian Government 488, 496, 500, 504
    • shipment of ammunition to Manitoba; danger of its reaching the hostile Indians 491, 502
    • navigation of the Red River of the North; Canadian restrictions upon in violation of Article XXX, Treaty of Washington 503, 506, 507
  • Green, Lieut. F. V.: report concerning position and duties of military attachés to legations of European powers 906
  • Grévy, M. Jules: elected President of France to succeed President McMahon 332
    • message of President Grévy 334
    • constitution of his cabinet; Mr. Waddington appointed premier 334
  • Guatemala: constitutional convention called by President Barrios 140
    • his dictatorship to terminate upon establishment of constitutional government: 140
    • the negotiation of a reciprocity treaty with the United States suggested by President Barrios 142
  • Guzman, Blanco, General, head of the revolution, arrives in Caracas, and assumes the government of Venezuela 1041, 1043
    • his visit to Europe and negotiation of the Pereire contract for the development of the resources of Venezuela 1043, 1045

H.

  • Hall, Prof. Asaph: the gold medal of the Royal Astronomical Society of England conferred upon 414
  • Hall, H. H.: contractor for the Tehuantepec Railway; contract approved by Congress 774, 811
  • Harbor conservation: Shanghai Harbor protection rules; proposed extension of harbor rules to river to Woosung 192
    • (See F. R., 1878, pages 103, 105, 107.)
    • correspondence with Chinese foreign office respecting the rules 213
    • Chinkiang Harbor: correspondence as to right of Chinese Government to order removal of hulk anchored in 189
  • Harris, Mr. Townsend: minister of the United States to Japan in 1857; Japanese account of his reception by the Taikun 621
  • Harvard University: correspondence touching the establishment of a Chinese professorship at 234
  • Hastings, F. P., vice-consul at Honolulu: report upon alleged sugar frauds under reciprocity treaty with Hawaiian Islands 529
    • interest of the Hawaiian Government to prevent frauds shown 529
  • Hathorne, William H, consul at Zanzibar: report in case of American bark
    • “Laconia,” searched by order of Captain Earl, of the British Navy 415
    • regret expressed by British Government on account of the search 431
  • Hawaiian Islands:
    • reciprocity treaty: report of special committee of Hawaiian assembly upon 512
    • international relations of Hawaii in consequence thereof discussed 512
    • foreign policy of the Hawaiian Islands 512
    • question as to whether Hawaiian tariff upon American cotton goods made up into clothing is not in contravention of Article II of the treaty 527
    • the Secretary of the Treasury deems the tariff in this respect in contravention of the treaty 544
    • failure of American merchants and manufacturers to avail themselves of the benefits of the treaty 542
    • British manufacturers supply the Hawaiian market 542
    • Hawaiian products sold in the United States and purchases made in Europe 542
    • report upon alleged sugar frauds under treaty 529
    • interest of Hawaiian Government to detect and punish such frauds 529
    • description of the harbors and landing places of the islands 529
    • amount of gold and silver coin and paper currency in circulation 543
  • Hayti: consular authentication tax: note from Mr. Ethéart; question to be removed to Washington 546
    • identic note from Great Britain, France, and Germany, protesting against the tax 553
    • reply of the Haytian Government 554
    • note from Mr. Evarts to Sir Edward Thornton, stating position of the United States respecting the tax 501
    • notes from Mr. Preston to Mr. Evarts upon the tax question 583, 587, 594
    • notes from Mr. Evarts to Mr. Preston upon the same subject 586, 595
    • discriminating license-tax; tax injurious to foreign interests; in contravention of our treaty with Hayti 550
    • notes from Mr. Preston to Mr. Evarts, stating position of Hayti upon license-tax question 591, 594
    • note from Mr. Evarts to Mr. Preston, stating the position of the United States; license-tax in violation of Article 5 of the treaty of 1864 593
    • national assembly opened; speeches of the President of the Republic and of the president of the senate 556
    • unsatisfactory relationship of parties 556, 558
    • insurrection at Cape Haytien 559
    • constitution of assembly; dead lock between chambers; danger of revolution 562
    • revolution at Port-au-Prince; its progress throughout the country 564, 569, 570, 572, 578
    • resignation and withdrawal of President Canal 569, 572
    • leaders of revolution seek asylum in legations and consulates, and some embark upon British man-of-war “Boxer.” 569, 570
    • question of asylum discussed; its allowance a breeder of revolutions 570, 576
    • the United States not tenacious of maintaining the so-called right of asylum; refugees in asylum must be rendered harmless as the condition of protection 582
    • constitution of the provisional government under General Hérrissé 579, 581
    • General L. Salomon, President of the Republic 582
    • industrial condition of Hayti; absence of capital; deplorable condition of her agriculture 560
    • disposition of the people to serve in the army rather than engage in productive industry 560
    • question of allowance of whites to own land in Hayti discussed in the press 560
  • Health, National Board of: consuls to make regular reports as to the sanitary condition of their districts 10
  • Heeckeren van Kell, Mr.: note from, upon railway taxation in the Netherlands 847
  • Henkes, Christian: naturalized citizen; case of, brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367
  • Hennessy, governor of Hong-Kong: visit to Tokei and speech before the chamber of commerce 639
  • Henry, Walter: forced loans exacted from, in Chihuahua; discussion of hist case (See F. R. 1878, pages 527, 603, 606.) 727, 750
  • Hérrissé, General: commanding revolutionary army in Hayti; establishes provisional government 578, 579, 581
  • “Hesperia”: a German merchant vessel taken out of quarantine at Kanagawa by the German consul, aided by a man-of-war. 647
  • Holy See: relations of Belgium to the; question as to the maintenance of the Belgian legation to the Vatican 90
    • secularization of education in Belgium; opposition by the church party 97
  • Hungary: system of railway taxation 54
    • disastrous flood at Szegedin: loss, $3,000,000 57
  • Huascar: Peruvian iron-clad; ineffectual attempt to raise the blockade of Iquique 886
[Page 1072]

I.

  • Immigration of Mormons into the United States: diplomatic officers instructed to ask intervention of foreign governments to prevent or restrict same 11
    • reports from ministers to France. Great Britain, Italy, Netherlands, Sweden, and Norway 349, 450, 465, 601, 852, 854, 964
    • prospects of a large immigration of small proprietors and skilled laborers from England into the United States 463
  • Imports and exports: Argentine Republic, value, $77,658,278 21
    • Austria-Hungary: imports, 579, 547, 828 florins; exports, 698, 302, 513 florins 52, 81
    • Colombia: imports, $10, 000, 000; exports, $12, 000, 000 254, 256, 258
    • Denmark: falling, off in aggregate, bulk of business with Germany and Great Britain 303
    • Great Britain: extent and growth of the American cattle trade; statistics of imports 423
    • Hawaiian Islands: exports to the United States; purchases made in and imports received from Europe 542
    • Japan: statement of imports and exports for ten years 620, 694
    • Mexico: official report of exports; aggregate, $28,777,508; silver, $20,493,129; gold, $1,265,199; total of other exports does not reach $7,000,000 808
    • Spain: successful importation of wheat from the United States 938, 939
  • Independencia: Peruvian iron-clad; loss of reported by Mr. Christiancy 879
  • Indians:
    • Canada: hostiles from Sitting Bull’s camp cross the frontier; Canada informed 488
    • memorandum of Canadian Government upon Indian question 488
    • territory of the United States invaded by British Indians and half-breeds; Canada informed 500
    • depredations in Montana; ranchmen killed 504
    • statement of Canadian Government that British Indians have crossed the frontier in pursuit of Buffalo 508
    • request of Canadian Government that the United States wall take steps to cause the return of Sitting Bull and his band to the United States 508, 510
    • Sitting Bull and his band regarded by the United States as British Indians; the British Government responsible for the peace of the frontier in respect to their movements 496
    • Mexico: campaign against the Lipans; removal of Indians from the frontier by Mexican Government 801
    • report of General Ord as to improbability of American Indians crossing into Mexico 816
  • Interest: new Russian law regulating rate upon loans 917
  • Internal-revenue laws: certificate of purser or other landing officer to landing certificate of merchandise exported under, may be substituted for that of mate of export vessel 7
    • remonstrance of Chinese minister to requirement of real estate owners as bondsmen of tobacco manufacturers by collector in San Francisco 237
    • order revoked; solvent bondsmen to be accepted whether owners of realty or not 241
  • International bureau of weights and measures:
    • report for the year 1878 312
    • bureau ready to make comparison of old with new standards 311
  • International postal union:
    • ruling of bureau at Berne to effect that duties may not be collected upon dutiable articles sent by mail within limits of union, but that such articles must be returned to sending country 932
    • circulars of the Treasury and the Post-Office Departments 932
  • International Fisheries Exposition of 1880, to be held in Berlin 354
  • Internationalism, socialism, and nihilism:
    • Germany: passage of law for suppression of social democratic movement 351, 394
    • Italy: influence of, becoming felt; attempt upon the life of the King; socialistic movements 597, 598
    • Russia: attempt upon the life of the Emperor 913
    • condition of affairs; incendiary fires 917, 920
    • Switzerland: a place of refuge; views of government as exhibited in the press 965
  • Interoceanic Canal:
    • Panama: Wyse-De Lesseps contract 243
      • canal congress, of Paris 339, 340
      • the history of the project given, and its international relations discussed, by Mr. Minister Dichman 290, 295, 297
    • Suez: history and cost of its construction; resources 993
      • record of business; receipts, expenses, and profits; number of vessels using the canal 1034
  • Interpreters at Chinese consulates: should be Americans; untrustworthiness of Chinese interpreters. 203
    • views of Mr. Consul Knight in accord with those of Mr. Holcombe 203, 234
    • insufficiency of salaries: American interpreters in private employ can earn upward of $3, 000 per annum 203
    • establishment of a Chinese professorship at Harvard to fit graduates for interpretation 234
  • Invoices: packing and other charges upon merchandise exported to the United States to be noted on invoices 1, 10
    • eight-florin gold piece adopted by Treasury as standard of value for authentication of invoices in Austria-Hungary 39
  • Iquique: blockaded by Chilian forces 167
    • effectiveness of the blockade; effect of withdrawal of blockading squadron at night to a distance of four miles 886
    • bombardment of Iquique; protest of consuls; question of necessity of notice of bombardment discussed by Mr. Christiancy 889
    • views of Mr. Christiancy as to blockade of Iquique approved 893
    • telegram from President Prado reporting raising of blockade 893
  • Ismail Pasha, Khedive of Egypt: his deposition in favor of his son Tewfik; report from Mr. Maynard 979
    • review of his reign by Mr. Maynard 982
    • review of his reign by Mr. Farman. 1005
    • attitude of France and Great Britain 1005
    • reports from Mr. Comanos upon the deposition of Ismail Pasha and the succession of Tewfik 1008, 1013
  • Italy: retirement of Count Corti from the ministry 596
    • questions of the extension of the elective franchise and the abolition of the grist tax to be brought before Parliament 596
    • congratulations upon the escape of the King from assassination 597
    • his return with the Queen to Rome; enthusiastic reception 598
    • internationalism making itself felt in Italy; aided by the lay and ecclesiastical enemies of the house of Savoy 598
    • defeat of the ministry; questions which have consolidated the opposition 599
    • M. Cairoli forms new ministry 601
    • Mormonism; no prospect of its getting a foothold in Italy 601
    • religious movements of David Lazzaretti; his devotion, and afterward his hostility to the church; attempt to found a new religion; his death 601
  • “Itata” steamship: a foreign-built vessel, said to have been bought by an American citizen; question of her status and right to the flag 150, 177, 861, 865, 867
    • case of the “Loa,” sister ship of the “Itata” 865

J.

  • Jalisco; Mexico: governor of, imposes forced loan upon American citizens; care of F. A. Newton 746
  • Japan:
    • Cholera; theory of the origin of the epidemic 680
    • history of cholera in Japan; from the Osaka Nippo 668
    • cholera statistics; death record; total number of cases up to September 30, 1879, 148,038; deaths, 83,012 663, 665, 667, 681, 695
    • Quarantine regulations; necessity for establishment of; objection of consuls to observance of Japanese regulations 604
    • Mr. Bingham concedes right of Japan to make such regulations 604
    • Japanese quarantine regulations for port of Kanagawa; approval of Mr. Bingham 608, 647, 657
    • special regulations promulgated by the British minister 647, 657
    • position of British and German ministers upon question of the right of Japan to issue quarantine regulations 647, 657, 665, 670
    • the “Hesperia,” a German merchant-vessel, taken out of quarantine by the German consul, aided by a man-of-war 647
    • Japanese pilot regulations; American consuls to aid in their enforcement 617
    • financial statement; receipts and expenses 656
    • statement of imports and exports for fen years 620, 694
    • report of the director-general of telegraphs; record of the operations of the service 688
    • export duties upon certain articles suspended; text of notification 638
    • silver yen of 416 grains to he received in payment of duties 687
    • record of coinage of silver yen; the Mexican dollar being driven out of circulation 695
    • report of the imperial Osaka mint; aggregate of coinage 616
    • government regulations for the suppression of the sale of opium opposed by foreign press 609
    • trial by torture abolished 696
    • progress of the Emperor through the country; its political significance;
    • his reception by the people 610
    • public fête given by the people to the Emperor; a striking event in the history of Japan 682
    • General Grant: invited by Japanese Government to visit Japan 636
    • his reception by the Emperor, the people of Japan, and by the foreign residents 643, 682, 685, 694
    • memorial of Chinese ministers in the matter of the Lew Chew Islands, in contest between China and Japan. 606
    • arrival of Prince of Lew Chew in Japan; reorganization of the administration of the islands 637
    • Arrangement of difficulty between Corea and Japan 619, 620
    • trade treaty between Corea and Japan; new port opened to Japanese trade 696
    • Japanese account of the reception of Mr. Townsend Harris by the Taikun; Mr. Harris the first foreign minister received at the court of Japan 621
    • letter from Mr. E. J. Reed, M. P., in London Times, upon Japanese affairs 652
    • speech of Governor Hennessy, of Hong Kong, before the Tokei chamber of commerce 639
    • visit of the Japanese corvette “Seiki” to Constantinople 976
    • sentence of deportation of consul-general in case of Thomas Glass not approved (See F. R., 1878, page 518.) 697
  • Jews:
    • Roumania; their number, 600, 000; their position discussed 49
    • Russia: their status; restrictions upon their settlement and ownership of realty 921
    • case of H. Rosenstraus 921
    • Servia: Jewishquestion discussed 59
  • Jomini, Baron: of Russian foreign office; note rejecting claim of Mr. Calvocoressi; no liability recognized by Russia on account of damage to private property in an enemy’s country 926
  • Jurisdiction:
    • China: in civil cases between Americans and Chinese; tribunal, the court of the defendant 220, 221, 229
    • Egypt: jurisdiction of internation tribunal; memorandum as to organization 229
    • consular jurisdiction in criminal cases where Americans are concerned 987, 990, 1010, 1012
    • Great Britain: jurisdiction in courts of, respecting foreign government vessel not a vessel of war, or the yacht of a sovereign, engaged in the mail or package service 415
    • case of the Parlement Beige; Opinion by Sir R. Phillimore 415
      • (See ease of the frigate Constitution.)

K.

  • Kanagawa: (Yokohama); position of foreign consuls respecting Japan’s right to issue quarantine regulations for the port of Kanagawa 604
    • Japanese quarantine regulations for port promulgated by Mr. Bingham 608, 647, 657
    • special regulations issued by the British minister 647, 657
    • position of British and German ministers upon the right of Japan to issue such regulations 647, 657, 665, 670
    • reception of General Grant at Yakohama, Kanagawa 643, 694
    • Japanese pilot regulations for open ports 617
  • Kasson, Mr., Minister: conversation with the French ambassador, at Vienna, [Page 1075]M. Teisserence de Bort, upon the commercial and tariff policy of the United States 61
    • the principles upon which that policy rests illustrated 61
    • retaliatory commercial policy of France indicated by French ambassador. 61
    • report upon the municipal government of Vienna, 64
    • directed to negotiate treaties with Roumania and Servia 79, 81
  • Kearsarge, cruise of the: off the British North American provinces to examine pending fisheries questions 504
  • Kehr, Johannes, naturalized citizen: case of, brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367
  • Klagges, Frank, naturalized citizen: case of, brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367
  • Klein, F. E. O., naturalized citizen: case of, brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367
  • Knoth: messenger of legation at Berlin; summoned for military duty; question of exterritoriality of legations involved 374, 375, 384
  • Kokott, Albert, naturalized citizen: case of, brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367
  • Kowalski, Jacob, naturalized citizen: case of, brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367
  • Krotz, William, naturalized citizen: case of, brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367

L.

  • Labischinsky, Herman, naturalized citizen: case of, brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367
  • “Laconia,” American bark: improperly searched by order of Captain Earl, British Navy, in the harbor of Zanzibar 415
    • violation of article 1, treaty of 1862, with Great Britain 415
    • regret expressed by British Government at occurrence 431
  • Land in the United States: letter from Mr. C. C. Andrews, published in the London Times 478
  • Landing certificates: Treasury circular respecting 4
    • regulations as to presentation and acceptance of, by collectors of customs, covering merchandise exported under internal-revenue laws 4
  • Lard: augmentation of duties upon, imported into Germany, debate in the Reichstag 392
  • Largomarsino: soon to be discharged from Italian army 600
  • Latorre, Colonel Lorenzo, elected President of Uruguay; constitution of the ministry 1038
  • Law of allegiance:
  • Law of extradition: See Colombia and Spain.
  • Law regulating marriages before consuls: amendment suggested by Mr. Minister Maynard 977
  • Law of ships:
    • vessels of war, or yachts of sovereigns, free from arrest at private suit; case of the frigate “Constitution;” opinion by Sir R. Phillimore 407, 415
    • government vessels, not vessels of war nor yachts of sovereigns, when engaged in mail and package service may be arrested at private suit; opinion by Sir R. Phillimore 415
  • Law of war:
    • blockade: necessity of, to close port to commerce held by insurgents. 1038, 1040
    • question as to sufficiency; to raising of blockade; notice to neutrals 886, 888, 893
    • bombardment of towns held by enemy; question of notice of bombardment 872, 883, 889
    • contraband of war 888
    • indemnity; no liability recognized on account of damage to private property during occupancy of enemies’ country 883, 913, 924, 926
    • neutrals; status of, when domiciled in country of belligerent; must share with subject the fortune of war 883, 913, 924, 926
    • right of neutrals to buy ships from belligerents (see opinion of Attorney-General Gushing, vol. VI, page 638; opinions of the Attorney-General) 150
  • Layard, Sir Henry: account of his visit to Syria 990
  • Lazzaretti, David: early devotion and later hostility to the church; attempt to found a new religion; death 601
    • religious movements in Italy 601
  • de Lesseps: translation of the Wyse-de Lesseps Panama interoceanic canal contract 243
    • history of the de Gorgoza-Türr-Wyse-de Lesseps contract 297
    • promoter’s share of capital of Panama Canal Company to be 10, 000, 000
    • francs, one-half cash, the balance fall-paid stock of the company 297
    • Panama interoceanic canal project discussed by Mr. Minister Dichman 290, 295, 297
    • Suez Canal; account of its construction; cost; value; receipts and expenses, and number of vessels using canal 993, 1034
  • Levant: pacification of, in 1840–1841; fifteen documents referring to the action of Great Britain, Russia, Prussia, and Austria, in co-operation with Turkey 1018
    • restoration of Turkish dominion; curtailment of power of Muhammed Ali. Pasha of Egypt 1018
  • Lew Chew Islands: memorial of Chinese ministry concerning their controversy with Japan 606
    • reorganization of administration of islands by Japanese Government 637
    • the Prince of Lew Chew to remain in Tokei. 637
  • Liberia: the British-Liberian boundary commission adjourns without agreement 717
    • revolt of the Greaboes and Kroos; manifesto of rebellious chiefs 717, 718
    • letter from the government to the rebellious chiefs 719
    • the title of Liberia to their territory and allegiance clearly shown 719
    • the relations of the government to the aborigines; the influence of color in the government of Liberia 713
    • message of President Gardner at opening of legislature; statement of the condition of the republic 701
    • railway project of Messrs. Criswick and Burnell, of England, to build a road from Monrovia to the interior 701
    • report upon Liberian coffee; its commercial value; extent of coffee territory; plants exported to Brazil 699
    • resources of Liberia 712
    • her position affords opportunity for establishing American trade relations with the Soudan 722
    • meeting of farmers; speeches by Dr. Blyden and others; the aid of the United States for the development of the country besought 712
    • France said to contemplate establishing a protectorate over Liberia; hostility of the government and people to the idea 718
    • Minister Noyes directed to make inquiry as to French designs upon the independence of Liberia 341
    • deep interest of the United States in Liberia expressed 341
    • the French government does not entertain views hostile to the independence of Liberia 341, 727
  • Light dues: Uruguayan: subject discussed by Mr. Minister Osborn 16, 19
  • Light-houses on coast of Tunis: the United States consents to moderate tax upon shipping to meet expenses 1036
  • Lincoln, C. P., consul at Canton: report upon form of procedure in mixed cases between Americans and Chinese 221
  • Lip an Indians of the frontier: campaign of Mexican troops against 801
  • Litchfield, A. C., consul at Calcutta: report of proceedings respecting the trial at Calcutta of John Anderson, for the murder of the first mate of the American bark “C. O. Whitinore” 435, 446
  • “Loa” steamer, sister ship to the “Itata” (see Chili, Peru, “ Itata”) 865
  • Locust: report upon, by Mr. Portchinsky, secretary of Russian society of entomology 925
  • Lord, E. C., consul at Ningpo: report upon form of procedure in mixed cases between Americans and Chinese 226
  • Lower California.: comments of Hon. J. M. Vigil upon report of Mr. Felix Gibert upon administration of affairs in 825
  • van Lynden van Sandenburg, Baron, appointed minister for foreign affairs of the Netherlands 848
[Page 1077]

M.

  • Maassen, Anton Joseph, case of: illustrating irregularities in respect of the claim for protection on the part of naturalized citizens 143
  • MacMahon, President: resignation of the Presidency of France 332
    • election of M. Jules Grévy to the Presidency constitution of the cabinet. 332, 334
  • Mails: Spanish papers stopped in, under regulations of postal union: Treasury and Post-Office circulars 932
  • Magellan, Straits of, under convention between Chili and Argentine Republic of June 3, 1879, neutral, and free to flags of all nations 23
  • Majority: age at which males and females attain same in the United States 121
  • Manifests of cargo: requirements of Brazilian customs regulations respecting 139
  • Manchester: speech of Lord Salisbury at, in defense of the policy of the government 468
  • Manitoba: large shipment of ammunition to; fear that same may be sold to hostile Sioux 491
    • shipment of arms not thought to be excessive 502
    • navigation of the Red River of the North restricted by Canadian regulations; restriction in violation of Article XXX, Treaty of Washington 503
  • Manilla: excessive tonnage dues exacted from American vessels at, returned 955
  • Market value of goods to be noted upon invoices by consuls when undervaluation is suspected 6
  • Marriage laws in the United States: information concerning, requested for use of Belgian Government 120, 121
    • such laws under jurisdiction of individual States 120
    • digest of laws of several States and Territories: State Department circulars of February 16, 1872 121
  • Marriage in Mohammedan countries between Americans: necessary requirements 977
    • Mr. Maynard recommends revision and extension of provision of law regulating marriages before consular officers of the United States 977
  • Martinez Campos, General: report upon the pacification of Cuba 943
    • his position at the head of the ministry 943
  • Matriculation of Americans in Mexico: restrictions upon 741
    • matriculation resumed by Mexican Government: case of Gustave Sommer 819
    • matriculation granted upon request of legation based upon State Department passport 819
  • McHenry, Mr. George: letter as to amount of gold and silver coin and bullion and paper currency in England 432
    • two articles by, upon bi-metallism 441
  • McKellar, P. A., vice-consul at Valparaiso: report as to sale of steamships of South American Steamship Company to Mr. H. L. Stevens 150, 180
  • Menocal, Mr. A. J.: delegate to the inter-oceanic canal conference at Paris 339
  • Mexico: Acapulco: firing upon Consul Sutter’s flag in 1877; officer in command of fort at time to lose his commission 802
    • Belgium resumes diplomatic relations with Mexico; appointment of a minister 89
    • debt; Corlis-Carbajal bonds; small purchases made by Mexico at 18¾ cents on the dollar 733
    • neither interest nor principal of bonds paid 733
    • Perry-del-Valle, contract for the funding of; and the organization of a bondholders’ construction company to build a system of railroads 764
    • contract rejected by English bondholders 799
    • aggregate of debt: receipts pledged in payment of interest 774
    • finances: receipts and expenses 770, 811, 836
    • financial measures of Congress; new taxes imposed; expenses cut down; smuggling made a penal offense 811, 812
    • report upon gold and silver coin and bullion and paper currency in Mexico 822
    • official table of exports: total value, $28,777,508; all but about $7,000,000
    • gold and silver 805
    • statistical data as to area, population, Congressional representation, taxable property, State revenues, schools, State military expenses, &c. 834
    • rate of increased taxation on internal products added to tariff duties upon similar imported products 811, 812
    • grain production of Mexico: need of improved American farm machinery 804
    • report of visit to Hacienda of Chualta; Mexican agriculture described 804
    • Forced loans: exactions in Chihuahua; case of Walter Henry 727, 750
    • right to impose same broadly taken by Mexico 750
    • denial by Mexico of right of diplomatic intervention 750
    • reference to the courts: the futility of such reference shown by Mr. Foster 727, 746, 750
    • San Louis Potosi and Jalisco forced loan cases: the tax unconstitutional 746
    • disregard by Mexican Government of claims for reimbursement on account of forced loans 746
    • reference to the Goribar case; cases of F. A. Newton and Blumenkron 746
    • Mr. Foster’s position as to forced loans approved 772
    • Frontier relations: depredations in Arizona; refuge sought by depredators in Sonora; report from Mr. Consul Willard 734
    • Mexican plan to stop border outrages; reciprocal extradition of offenders; reciprocal enactment of laws’ punishing offenses 734
    • correspondence concerning Areola and his band; his final arrest; depredations upon the frontier 730, 754, 771
    • influence of forced loans upon border disturbances 727, 750, 772
    • note from Mr. Avila, of November 11, 1878, to show that Mexico is not the base of operations against the American frontier 754
    • reply of Mr. Foster to Mr. Avila’s note of November 11, 1878. 754, 760
    • Mr. Foster’s answer to Mr. Avila approved 773
    • Indian affairs upon frontier: campaign against the Lipans; removal of Indians; report of General Ord 801, 816
    • prohibition against ownership of realty by citizens of the United States in frontier States of Mexico: note from Senor Ruelas 798, 809, 833
    • mines of Sonora: no title in fee can be acquired 833
    • railway to the frontier; public sentiment respecting 774, 811, 826
    • the Guaymas and Frontier Road; report against; letter from Hon. Antonio Moreno, upon railway development of frontier States 826
    • Congress unfriendly to railroad connection with the United States, and to American ownership of railroads in Mexico; speech of Mr. Chevaro 774, 811, 826
    • railway question: decree of General Diaz, declaring null the contracts made by preceding government 774
    • history of railway concessions 774
    • revolutionary plan of General Diaz 774
    • reception accorded Chicago excursion party 796
    • foreigners experience diffiulty in securing employment in Mexico 800
    • resignation of the secretary of the treasury, J. H. Ramirez 803
    • administration of affairs in Lower California 825
    • matriculation: discussion of question; final allowance upon State Department passport 741, 819
    • impressment into the Mexican army: case of Einitio Boig 741
    • General Diaz: attitude toward the contracts of the Lerdo government; revolutionary plan 774
    • the success of his administration due to his personal character 837
    • favorable comments upon his administration by Mr. Foster 837
    • Consul-General Strother’s report upon political affairs in Mexico 838
    • questions of citizenship; effect of service in the Mexican army 815, 816, 824
  • Military attachés: report of Lieut. F. V. Green, United States Army, upon duties and position; appointment of, at several legations recommended 906
  • Military statistics of Austria-Hungary: strength of European armies 82
  • Mines of Sonara; no title in fee can be acquired: Americans cannot buy realty in frontier States of Mexico 833
  • Mint: report of coinage of Imperial Japanese mint 616, 695
  • Mirzan, Etienne P.: naturalized citizen; charged with murder of Dr. Dahan at Alexandria, Egypt; jurisdiction of court of consul-general 987, 1010, 1012
  • Missionary buildings, English, at Foochow, China, destroyed by Chinese mob 183
    • American man-of-war ordered to Foochow 183
    • cases in China: local authorities at Foochow are dealing fairly with them 234
  • Mixed cases between Americans and Chinese: circular from Minister Seward to consuls calling for reports as to procedure 220
    • reports from Consuls Lincoln, Scruggs, De Lano, Shepard, and Lord; usual tribunal court of defendant 221
    • reports of Consul-General Bailey and Vice-Consul Bandinel 229
    • establishment of mixed courts advocated by Mr. Bailey 229
  • Mollendo and Pisagua: bombardment of by Chilian fleet; protest of ministers of the United States, France, Great Britain, Italy, and Germany resident in Peru 872
    • approval of Mr. Christiaiicy’s course respecting 883
  • Money:
  • Moorsom system of admeasurement: the method of ascertaining the cubic capacities of ships 116
  • Moreno, Hon. Antonio: criticisms upon adverse report upon Guaymas and Frontier Railroad 826
    • he favors railway development in frontier States 826
  • Mormon emigration to the United States: law against, to be brought to attention of foreign governments; their co-operation to prevent, to be requested 11
    • Reports from ministers to following countries:
      • France; proselyting unknown; polygamy a crime under French law; arrest will follow its advocacy 349
      • Great Britain: correspondence between Mr. Hoppin and Lord Salisbury; Great Britain can do nothing 450, 465
      • Italy: no emigrants go from Italy 601
      • Netherlands: aid of government promised; but few emigrants go from the Netherlands 852, 854
      • Sweden and Norway: the aid of the government promised 964
  • Morocco: malignant typhus fever raging; Europeans suffering in common with natives 840
    • suppression of rebellion of Berber tribes 842
    • the Kabyle of Benimteer reduced to subjection; sickness in the Sultan’s army 843
    • report upon the prison system, and upon the punishment of crime and care of criminals 844
    • report upon gold and silver coin and bullion, and paper currency in Morocco 842
  • Mosel, German steamship: question as to whether the arrest of Carl Weinrebe on board was in accordance with treaty stipulations 404
  • his arrest believed not to be in contravention of treaty 406
  • Municipal government of Vienna: report upon, by Mr. Minister Kasson 64
    • report upon the police system of Vienna by Mr. Delaplaine 74
  • Muhammed Ali Pasha of Egypt: 15 documents concerning the proceedings in 1840–’41 of Great Britain, Russia, Prussia, Austria, and Turkey for the pacification of the Levant 1018

N.

  • National Board of Health: consuls to make regular reports to, as to the sanitary condition of their districts 10
  • Naturalized citizens:
    • Germany: cases of arrest of, on account of alleged violation of military law of empire 359
    • Italy: Largomarsino case 600
    • Mexico:
      • Matriculation; demand for other evidence of nationality than State Department passport from naturalized citizens; final matriculation upon such evidence 741, 819
    • Switzerland: abuses of American citizenship by naturalized citizens; case of William Dietze 988
      • difficulties attending Swiss expatriation 973
      • action of communal and cantonal authorities in withholding property belonging to naturalized citizens 973
  • Naval attachés: recommendation for appointment of, at our legations abroad; report of Lt. F. V. Greene upon naval and military attaches 906
  • Naval cemetery in Cape Verde Islands: action of Portuguese authorities; need of annual appropriation to maintain the cemetery 902
  • Naval college at Greenwich, England: terms of admission of private students 427
  • Naval reserve of ships for Great Britain: letter from Mr. Thomas Brassey, M. P., upon the constitution of 429
  • Netherlands: opening of the Staats General by the King 849
    • points in the royal speech; ministry to maintain free-trade policy; secularization of education law to be enforced; Curacoa not to be sold 849
    • change of ministry: Baron van Lynden van Sandenburg minister for foreign affairs 848
    • report upon railroad taxation; state and private ownership of railways; tax laws general, not specific; tax upon earnings, not upon property 846
    • railroad taxation; note from M. Heeckeren van Kell 847
    • government will aid to discourage emigration of Mormons to the United States 852, 854
    • note from Mr. van Lynden van Sandenburg; but few Mormons go from the Netherlands; commissioners at Rotterdam to aid in discouraging such emigration 854
    • report upon gold and silver coin and bullion, and paper currency 851
  • Neutral rights, as illustrated by joint note of ministers of the United States, France, Great Britain, Italy, and Germany, upon the bombardment of open towns by Chilian fleets 872
    • question of necessity of notice before bombardment of towns held by an enemy, discussed by Mr. Christiancy 889
    • question as to effectiveness of blockade 886
    • question as to necessity of blockade to close ports held by insurgent forces, or those of an enemy 1038, 1040
    • approval of Mr. Christiancy’s position as to blockade and bombardment of open towns 883
    • opinion of Attorney-General Stanbery, of August 31, 1866, respecting the bombardment of Valparaiso by the Spanish 883
    • neutrals in country of a belligerent must share the fortunes of war with the citizens thereof 883, 913, 924, 926, 927
    • neutrals may purchase ships in good faith from belligerents; reference to Mr. Attorney-General Cushing’s opinion of August 7, 1854. (Vol. vi, page 638, Opinions of the Attorney General) 150
    • prize court of belligerent may inquire into such sale or transfer 894
    • consular certificate only prima facie evidence of good faith of transaction 894
  • New Orleans: steam communication with ports of Colombia discussed; trade statistics of Colombia 258
  • News, London Daily: editorial from, upon Fortune Bay fisheries claims 451
  • Norway, railway system of: miles in operation, 656; in construction, 362; total cost, $30,000,000; paid by government, $22,500,000 964
  • Noyes, Mr. Minister: instructed to report upon rumored designs of France upon the independence of Liberia 341
    • the French Government does not entertain the idea 341
    • instructed to visit countries of North Africa, and study question of extension of American commerce 342
  • Nubar Pasha: forced to retire from the Egyptian ministry; protest of France and Great Britain; conditions imposed upon the Khedive 996

O.

  • Observatory: Prof. Asaph Hall, of the National Observatory, is awarded the gold medal of the Royal Astronomical Society of England 414
  • Ochoa, General G. Sanchez, chief of engineers of Mexico: report upon Mexican railway routes and connections; opposed to connection with American railway system 826
  • Opium: regulations of Japanese Government for suppression of sale of 609
    • hostility of foreign press 609
  • Ord, General: report upon Indian operations upon the Mexican frontier 816
  • Osborn, Mr. Minister T. A.: correspondence with Admiral Rodgers and Vice-Consul McKellar, concerning transfer of foreign-built ships to American flag 150
[Page 1081]

P.

  • Palmer, W. J. & Co.: Mexican railway contract of, not approved by Congress 774
  • Panama inter-oceanic canal; copy of the Wyse-de Lesseps canal contract 243
    • history of the several canal concessions; account of the organization of the de Gorgoza-Türr-Wyse-de Lesseps enterprise 297
    • discussion of the relationship of the Wyse-de Lesseps project 290, 295, 297
    • for history of Suez Canal, see 993, 1034
    • right of transit of United States troops, and of criminals in custody of United States officers, discussed 251, 271
    • right conceded by Colombia; protocol of February 22, 1879 273, 284
  • Paper currency: circular requiring reports as to gold and silver coin and bullion and paper currency 3
    • reports from ministers to Austria-Hungary; Belgium; Germany; Great Britain; Hawaiian Islands; Japan; Mexico: Morocco; Netherlands; Russia 109, 385, 394, 398, 432, 441, 449, 543, 616, 656, 808, 822, 842, 851, 923
    • Austria-Hungary: specie payments suspended; gold an article of merchandise; business on paper basis; effort to substitute 10,000,000 silver
    • florins for one-florin notes in circulation 36, 39, 41, 50
    • Chili: issue of 6,000,000 in paper notes to meet war expenses 178
    • Japan: decrease in paper circulation, 7,499,217 yen 656
    • Mexico: silver unlimited legal tender; no gold and but little paper money in circulation 822
    • Peru: increase of duties to create fund to pay off treasury notes 859
      • disastrous effect of the war upon the finances; depreciation of paper money; large issue of notes proposed 874, 879
  • Pardo, Don Manuel, president of the senate of Peru: assassinated at the entrance of the Senate 855
  • Partes, Sir Harry, British minister to Japan: quarantine regulations issued by 647, 657
    • position of Great Britain and Germany as to right of Japan to issue quarantine regulations 604, 647, 657, 665, 670
  • Parlement Beige: Belgian Government mail-vessel: liable to arrest at suit of a British subject; judgment by Sir R. Phillimore 415
  • Passport may be issued to minor of discreet age unaccompanied by his parents 814
  • stringent passport regulations in Russia 917
  • Pauper emigration from Switzerland to the United States: case of the family Brugger, sent by communal authorities of Graben 972
  • Pereire, M. Eugenio, of Paris: translation of contract of, with Venezuela to organize commercial companies to develop her resources 1045
  • Perry, Edward J., and Pedro del Valle: contract with Mexican Government for railway system and funding debt 764
    • contract rejected by English bondholders 799
  • Peru: declaration of war against Chili; Iquique blockaded by Chilian forces 167
    • manifestoes of Chili and Peru as to the causes of the war; treaty between Peru and Bolivia 168, 867, 874
    • Peru and Bolivia propose arbitration based upon status quo ante bellu 178
    • regret expressed by the United States at breaking out of war 175, 867
    • reports of naval combat between the ships of war of Peru and Chili 176, 874, 879
    • disastrous effect of the war upon the finances of Peru, and upon neutral shipping 874
    • increased duties on exports and imports 859
    • questions as to effectiveness of Chilian blockade and as to need of notice of bombardment 883, 886, 889
    • note of ministers from the United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, and Italy upon the bombardment of open towns; the bombardment of Mollendo and Pisagua 872
    • correspondence respecting the right of Chilian fleet to prevent shipping of nitrates as contraband of war from Pisagua 888
    • question of the right of sale by belligerents of vessels to neutrals 150
    • right of foreign-built vessels sold to American citizens to the flag and protection of the United States 150, 174, 177, 180, 861, 865, 867, 874, 877, 881, 882, 884, 894
    • increase of the British squadron in the Pacific 894
    • assassination of Don Manuel Pardo, president of the senate; profound sensation 855
  • Philliniore, Sir R.: judgment in the ease of the tag Admiral against the frigate Constitution 407
    • judgment that government vessels, not vessels of war nor yachts of sovereigns, engaged in mail and package service, may he arrested at suit of British subject; case of the Parlement Beige 415
  • Pilot regulations issued by the Japanese Government 617
  • Pisagua and Mollendo: bombardment of, by Chilian fleet 872
    • correspondence respecting the bombardment of open, purely commercial towns 872, 883
    • respecting the right of the Chilian fleet to prevent the shipping of nitrate from Pisagua 888
  • Plague, Russian, so called: precautions taken against, by Russia and adjoining nations 43, 50
    • exaggerated accounts; not thought to be the plague, but rather a virulent form of typhus 912
    • Russian regulations against the cattle plague 920
  • Police system of Vienna: report upon, by Mr. Delaplaine 74
    • activity of the Russian police 913, 917
  • Port an Prince: revolution in; loss of property; many buildings destroyed; loss of life; progress of affairs; establishment of provisional government 564, 569, 572, 578, 579
  • Portugal: Cortes opened by the King: speech from the throne; foreign and domestic affairs 897
    • Cape Verde Islands: naval cemetery; action of Portuguese Government respecting; need of fund to keep it in repair 902
    • respecting shipment of men subject to military duty by American whalers 899, 903
    • courtesies extended by Portuguese Government in behalf of frigate Constitution 901, 905
    • tobacco duties advanced; details of the measure 900
  • Postal union: Spanish papers mailed to the United States returned as dutiable; action in accordance with ruling of international bureau at Berne 932
    • treasury and post-office circulars regulating procedure in such cases 932
  • Prado, President of Peru: announces raising of blockade of Iquique 893
  • Prague: treaty of 1866; reasons for abrogation of fifth clause 360
  • Preston, Mr. Stephen: restates position of Hayti on consular authentication tax 583, 587, 594
    • restates position of Hayti on discriminating license tax 591
  • Prices current of merchandise shipped to the United States to be sent by consuls to customs officers at ports of destination 2
  • Privateers: treasury circular of June 21, 1879, to collectors of customs not to allow the fitting out of Bolivian privateers 125, 126, 127, 128
  • Prize-court of one belligerent may inquire into sale of ships by subjects of other belligerent to citizens of the United States; good faith the essence of the transaction 894
    • consular certificate to bill of sale only prima facie evidence of good faith of transaction 894
  • Propheté, General: refusal of senate of Hayti to confirm his election to that body 558
  • Protection: general tendency toward, in Europe 42
    • Austria-Hungary: new tariff protective; all commercial treaties denounced; growth of protectionist ideas 40
    • new treaties with Germany and Italy upon basis of equivalent concessions 40
    • Denmark: general tariff league against the United States proposed in the Rigsdag; growth of protectionist ideas in Europe 307
    • France: tariff policy protective; effort to force reciprocity treaty 61
    • Germany: opening of the Reichstag; speech of the Emperor; growing sentiment in favor of a protectionist policy in Germany 307, 360
    • protectionist views of Prince Bismarck; debate upon new tariff law 365, 392
    • Mexico: increased taxes imposed on certain articles of domestic manufacture added to import duties of same kind of articles; Mexican tariff protective 812
    • Spain: protectionist tendencies 938, 939
    • United States: tariff policy of, explained in interview of Mr. Kasson with the French ambassador at Vienna 61
  • Protectorate: designs of establishing protectorate over Liberia attributed to France 341, 718, 727
  • Prussia: memorial as to system of railway taxation in 379
    • result of the elections of the Landtag; the great influence of Prince Bismarck illustrated 402
[Page 1083]

Q.

  • Quarantine: regulations for port of Kanagawa (Yokakama) to be instituted by Japanese Government; opposition of consuls 604
    • acceptance of regulations by Mr. Bingliam for the United States; copies of his orders 604, 608, 647, 657
    • position of the British minister; issuance of regulations 647, 657, 670
    • position of the German minister; German vessel taken out of quarantine; case of the “Hesperia.” 647, 665, 670
  • Quelpart: island of: wreck of the “Barbara Taylor” a British vessel; aid rendered by Coreans 612
    • visit of Mr. Satow, Japanese secretary to British legation, to the island 612

R.

  • Railroad taxation; instructions to ministers to Austria-Hungary, Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, The Netherlands, Russia, and Switzerland to report upon systems of railroad taxation; see instruction to Great Britain 413
    • Reports from ministers in:
      • Austria: taxation; concessions; management 52, 63
      • Hungary: principle of taxation, transportation to pay taxes; ultimate state ownership 54
      • Belgium: state and private ownership; land ownership; tariff; taxation 92
      • France: notes from the ministry of finance 345
      • Germany: no uniform system 379
      • contemplated purchase of railroads by the state 394
      • Prussia: memorial as to Prussian system 379
      • Great Britain: instruction to the different minister 413
      • system of taxation 429
      • The Netherlands: laws general; license or income tax; ownership, state and private; stamp tax 846
      • Russia: plan of organization; concessions; taxation; roads under government supervision; interest guaranteed 910
      • Switzerland: no direct tax; annual concession tax; cantonal taxation 970
    • Railroad system:
      • Mexico: debt-funding railroad project; Perry-del Valle contract 764, 799
      • the Lerdo contracts delared null by General Diaz; Plumb and Barron contracts; Mexican Railroad Company; N. J. Palmer contract; Guaymas and Frontier Railroad; Tehuantepec Railway 774
      • hostility to connection with American system 774, 828
      • revolutionary plan of General Diaz; its effects upon railways 774
    • Sweden and Norway:
      • Sweden: state railways, 1,005 miles, cost $41,000,000; private railways, 1, 240 miles, cost $61,000,000 980
        • state advances to railways; recent loans 959
      • Norway: miles in operation, 858; in construction, 362; cost, $30,000,000; relations of state to railways 980
  • Rainfall: consular officers in Europe required to report humidity of atmosphere in consular districts 3
  • Ramirez, Señor J. H., secretary of Mexican treasury, resigns 803
  • Realty: ownership of, in frontier States of Mexico; Americans not allowed to hold 798, 809, 833
  • Reciprocity treaties with the United States:
    • Colombia: project of reciprocity treaty discussed; trade statistics 254, 256, 258, 278
    • France: the Chotteau scheme; policy of France to force negotiation of such treaties 61
    • Guatemala: reciprocity treaty proposed by President Barrios 142
    • Hawaiian Islands: report of committee of Hawaiian assembly upon reciprocity treaty with the United States 512
  • Reciprocity: policy of Austin-German commercial treaty of December 16, 1878 44, 365
    • text of treaty; its study suggested by Mr. Kasson respecting our relations with Canada and Mexico 44
  • Red River of the North: restriction upon navigation within Canadian boundary; Canadian regulations in conflict with Article XXX of Treaty of Washington 503
    • attitude of Canadian government upon question 506, 507
  • Reed, Mr. E. J.: letter upon Japan from the London Times 652
  • Reichstag, Germany: debate upon the social democratic suppression law 351
    • Emperor’s speech at opening of 360
    • debates upon the commercial treaty with Austria-Hungary 365
    • debate upon the treaty with Samoa 388
    • silver debate 385, 394
    • tariff debate 392
    • résumé of the work of the session 394
  • Revolutionary movements in Argentine Republic 25, 27, 28, 34
  • Right of search. (See next entry.)
  • Rising Sun and Ellen Rizpah: American vessels stopped by Spanish cruisers; Spanish Government pays $10,000 indemnity 956
  • Roca, General, and Dr. Tejedor announced as presidential candidates in the Argentine Republic; probable candidature of ex-President Sarmiento 24
    • attempted assassination of General Roca by political opponents in Buenos Ayres 25
  • Rogers, Admiral C. R. P.: correspondence with Mr. Osborn respecting protection to be accorded to foreign-built vessels owned by citizens of the United States 150
  • Rome: enthusiastic reception of King and Queen upon return to Rome after attempt upon the King’s life 598
  • Rosenstraus, H.: case of; status of Jews in Russia 921
  • Roumania: Austria, Germany, Russia, and other governments accredit ministers to 38
    • desire expressed to enter into diplomatic relations with the United States 49
    • position of the Jews discussed 49
    • statistics of trade; receipts and expenses; debt; commercial possibilities; army,. &c. 58, 81
    • instructions respecting the negotiation of a commercial treaty with 79, 81
  • East Roumelia: account of affairs in 984
  • Russell, Lord Odo: copy of dispatch upon death of Mr. Bayard Taylor 484
  • Russia: attempted assassination of the Emperor of Russia 913
    • the assassin arrested; St. Petersburg greatly agitated; the Emperor enthusiastically received by the people 913
    • the congratulations of the President and people of the United States upon the providential escape of the Emperor 915, 916, 917, 919
    • socialistic and nihilistic movements in Russia; incendiary fires; passport and police regulations; executions 913, 917, 918, 920
    • execution of the Nihilist Dombro vine 918
    • restrictions upon the migration of people from one section of Russia to another 920
    • grasshoppers and locust in Southern Russia; report by Mr. Portchinsky, secretary of Russian Society of Entomology 925
    • regulations against the cattle plague 920
    • so-called Russian plague; not the plague; but a virulent form of typhus; accounts exaggerated 912
    • precautions taken by Austria-Hungary, Germany, Servia, Roumania, and Russia against the plague 43, 50
    • law regulating rate of interest in Russia 917
    • status of the Jews in Russia; restrictions upon ownership of realty and upon settlement; laws as to taxation 921
    • case of Mr. H. Rosenstraus 921
    • visit of Mr. Hoffman to vessels built in Philadelphia for the Russian navy 925
    • the government and officers satisfied with the vessels 925
    • system of railway taxation; roads under government supervision; government guarantee of interest; concessions 910
    • case of Mr. John Calvocoressi, an American citizen resident in Turkey during Russo-Turkish war; claim for damages to property by Russian troops 913, 924, 926
    • no liability recognized by Russian Government 926
    • foreigners domiciled in country of belligerent share with subjects of that country the chances of war 924
    • abstract of treaty of final peace with Turkey, signed February 8, 1879, at Constantinople 978
    • (For treaties of San Stefano and Berlin, see pages 865 and 894, Foreign Relations, 1878.)
[Page 1085]

S.

  • Saint Thomas: rumored sale of island by Denmark untrue 308
  • sale of, discussed; possibility of Great Britain acquiring it 310
  • Salaries of interpreters at China consulates inadequate: reports from Mr. Holcombe and Mr. Knight 203, 234
  • Salisbury, Lord: speeches of, at Manchester, in defense of government policy 468
  • Salomon, General S.: elected president of Hayti 582
  • Samoa: text of German treaty with, signed January 24, 1879 381
    • debate in the Reichstag upon the treaty 388, 394
  • Sanitary reports required from consular officers for National Board of Health 10
  • Santa Cruz: report upon riot in island of; sufferers aided by Danish Government 307
  • San Stefano: abstract of final treaty of peace between Russia and Turkey, signed at Constantinople February 8, 1879 978
  • Sarmiento, ex-President, of Argentine Republic: called to cabinet as minister of interior, and premier 25
    • note to Governor Tejedor: acquiescence in result of presidential election enjoined 27
    • note to governor Tejedor denying his right to call out State troops 28
    • possibility of his becoming candidate for election to presidency 24
  • Schlözer, Mr., German minister: correspondence touching arrest, onboard the German vessel Mosel, of Carl Weinrebe, for smuggling 404, 406
    • question of interpretation of Article XII, consular convention with Germany 404, 408
  • School law of Belgium: proposition to secularize education; synopsis of debate upon bill 97
  • School system of Germany: influence and labor of Dr. Falk; extension of system; attempt at secularization 394
  • Scrafford, C. G., reference to case of: extradited prisoner in custody of United States officers released by authorities at Panama while in transit across isthmus 271
  • Scruggs, W. L., Consul at Chinkiang: report upon form of procedure in mixed cases between Americans and Chinese 222
  • “Seiki,” Japanese corvette: visit of to Constantinople; reception ceremonies 976
  • Servia: Austria sends minister to Servia; commercial treaty concluded by Great Britain; chargé d’affaires appointed at Belgrade 38, 59
    • the Jewish question in Servia 59
    • Austria attempting to establish a customs union with Servia; France to negotiate a commercial treaty 59
    • report: exports and imports; finances; debt; military organization and strength 59
    • instructions directing Mr. Kasson to proceed to the negotiation of a commercial treaty with 79, 81
    • full report upon the condition; organization of government and resources of Servia 82
  • Shanghai harbor protection rules: correspondence with Chinese foreign office; right of China to amend rules advanced 213
    • their execution under consular authority; their retention opposed by Chinese authorities 192
  • Shepard, J. F., consul at Hankow: report upon form of procedure in mixed cases between Americans and Chinese 224
  • Ship’s papers: their custody of by consul of ship’s nation in Colombian ports; principle maintained by great powers 260
    • subject discussed in correspondence with Mr. Dichman, and in note to Sir Edward Thornton 260, 266, 270, 273, 280, 289, 488
    • protocol of January 7, 1879, concerning form of procedure 266
    • law of Colombian Congress respecting the deposit of ship’s papers; the protocol of January 7, 1879, confirmed 289
  • Siam: General Grant invited by the King to visit Siam 928
    • the Government of Siam ready to send an embassy to Washington whenever officially informed that the United States will receive the embassy 928
    • the embassy to study American industry; its visit will afford an opportunity of extending trade relations with Siam 929
    • the Secretary of State expresses satisfaction at the prospect of the visit of the embassy to the United States 930
    • the attention of Congress will be called to the subject in order that suitable arrangements to receive the embassy may be made 930
    • the Government of the King to be so informed 930
    • congratulatory address of Americans to the King upon the occasion of his birthday 931
  • Silver and gold coin and bullion, and paper currency: circular calling for reports upon. (See Gold, Circulating medium, Paper currency) 3
  • Silver:
    • Austria-Hungary: specie payments suspended in 1818; paper florin not redeemable; silver florin not in circulation 36
    • fluctuating values of silver and paper 39, 41
    • suspension of purchase of silver by Austro-Hungarian bank 41
    • silver accumulating in bank; effort to put out 10,000,000 silver florins in exchange for 1-florin paper notes 50
    • Germany: debate in Reichstag upon suspension of government silver sales and restoration of double standard; speech of Prince Bismarck 385, 391
      • statistics of silver sales; losses sustained by government; market price of silver 385
      • Germany not likely to sell more silver 394
    • Great Britain: letters from Mr. George McHenry on bi-metallism; and gold, silver, and paper circulation and coinage 432, 441
    • Japan: coinage report of Japanese mint 616, 695
      • silver yen to be received in payment of customs dues; the silver yen to take the place of the Mexican dollar in circulation 687
    • Mexico: silver coined and in bullion, exports for 1878, $20, 493, 129 808
      • silver unlimited legal tender; gold out of circulation; small issue of paper money 822
  • Sitka: Commander A’Conrt’s report of affairs at Sitka 492
    • Visit of the “Osprey” British navy, to Sitka; protection afforded against attack of Indians 490, 492
    • defenseless condition of Sitka; open to Indian attack 492
    • necessity of sending force to Sitka to protect citizens shown 492
    • thanks of the United States extended to Commander A’Court of the “Osprey” for his service in protecting the inhabitants of Sitka 490
  • Sitting Bull: bands of hostile Indians from Sitting Bull’s force cross the frontier 488
  • Smith, James W., an American citizen; took service in Mexican army; and under Mexican law became a Mexican citizen 815
    • status of his minor children born before his entry into the Mexican army 815, 824
  • Smuggling: Mexico: made a penal offense; copy of law 811, 815
  • Socialism, Internationalism, and Nihilism:
    • Germany: passage of law for suppression of social democratic movement 351, 394
    • Italy: influence of, becoming felt in Italy; attempt upon the life of the King; socialistic movements 597, 598, 965
    • Russia: attempt upon the life of the Emperor 913
    • condition of affairs; incendiary fires, &c 917, 920
    • Switzerland: socialistic movements; attitude upon question of asylum; Switzerland thought to be a refuge for Socialists 965
  • Sommer, Gustave: case of; matriculation resumed by Mexican Government; action taken on State Department passport 819
  • Sonora: Attack upon mail route in Arizona; refuge sought in Sonora; report of Mr. Consul Willard at Guayra as 734
    • railway charter; opposition to its confirmation in Mexican Congress 774
    • hostility manifested toward, because it is designed to connect with the American system of roads 826
  • Soudan: Central Africa: population of 100,000,000; French project to construct railway from Algeria to the Soudan, French, British and Belgian enterprises 722
    • report of M. de Freycinet upon project of a railway from Algeria to the Soudan 723
    • railway thought to be practicable 723
  • South American Steamship Company: attempted sale of steamers of said company to Mr. H. L. Stevens, an American citizen 150, 177
  • Spain: papers returned from the United States because dutiable, under ruling of international postal union bureau at Berne 932
    • (See Foreign Relations, 1878, page 798.)
    • permission granted by Spanish Government to transport Charles W. Angell, extradited in Portugal, across Spanish territory 936
    • question of right of transit of extradited prisoner across neighboring territory receiving the consideration of the United States 941
    • for discussion of extradition and transit questions, see Foreign Relations, 1878, pages 151, 288, and current volume, pages 251, 271, 273, 284, 936, 941
    • excessive tonnage dues exacted from American vessels at Manila returned. 955
    • opening of the Cortes by the King in person; judicial reforms proposed 941
    • Cuban question discussed; the reformation of taxes; emancipation of the slaves; assimilation of systems of administration in the Antilles and in the Peninsula; Cuban representatives in the Cortez 941
    • report of the minister of ultramar upon Cuban reforms; royal decree appointing a commission to formulate measures of reform 952
    • report of General Martinez Campos upon the pacification of Cuba 943
    • character and position of General Martinez Campos 943
    • extraordinary taxes in Cuba imposed upon citizens of the United States; the subject to be considered by the Governor-General 954
    • American wheat imported into Spain; sold at a profit; question of a commercial treaty with the United States discussed 938
    • protectionist influences making themselves felt 938
    • question of commercial treaty with the United States discussed by the press of Madrid 939
  • Spanish agriculture: need of improved agricultural machinery; the question of steam communication with foreign countries discussed 939
  • Standard of value for authenticating invoices in Austria-Hungary: 8-florin piece adopted by Treasury 39
  • Steam communication between the United States and Colombia, and Venezuela; statistics of business to be secured; table of distances 258, 278, 1044
  • Steffan, William: naturalized citizen; case brought to attention of legation at Berlin 359, 367
  • Stevens, H. L.: an American citizen domiciled; attempted purchase and transfer to American flag of the vessels of the South American Steamship Company 150
  • Strother, David H., consul-general: report upon political affairs in Mexico based upon consular correspondence 838
  • Suez Canal: report by Mr. Consul-General Farman upon the cost, revenue, expenses, and profits of the canal 993
    • report by Mr. Van Dyck upon the transit of vessels; tonnage; nationality of vessels; receipts, expenses, and profits 1034
    • canal company to extend to vessels of all flags the rules as to tonnage measurement recently determined upon respecting British vessels 487
  • Sugar:
    • Colombia: reciprocity treaty with the United States discussed by Mr. Dichman 254, 256, 278
    • Hawaiian Islands: report upon the sugar production of the islands; extent of land capable of profitable cultivation 529
    • sugar frauds under reciprocity, treaty: reports of Messrs. Comly and Hastings; frauds unlikely 529
  • Sutter, consul at Acapulco, Mexico: flag fired upon in 1877; commandant of fort at time to lose his commission 802
  • Sweden: Parliament opened by the King; text of speech; an increase of duties recommended; business relations discussed 956
    • new tariff law in force; duties increased; rate of duties 958
    • railway system of; State railways, 1,005 miles; cost, $41,000,000; private railways, 1,210 miles; cost, $61,000,000 960
    • loan of twenty-three million crowns in aid of railways and banks recently authorized; the government to take as security mortgages upon completed railway property 959
    • total government advances since 1855, one hundred and ninety million crowns 959
    • Norway: miles of railway in operation, 656; in construction, 362; cost, $30,000,000; relations of railways to the state 960
    • Mormon question: aid to discourage emigration to be afforded by the Swedish Government 964
  • Switzerland: attitude upon question of political asylum; rumored dissatisfaction of neighboring nations; utterances of Swiss press 965
    • socialistic movements; Switzerland thought to be a refuge for socialists 965
    • capital punishment restored; corporal punishment abolished 971
    • system of railroad taxation; no direct taxes by national government;
    • free transportation of mails; cantons have right of taxation 970
    • pauper emigration to the United States; case of the family Brugger sent by communal authorities of Graben 972
    • difffculties attending expatriation; communal and cantonal action respecting property of Swiss naturalized in the United States 973
    • (For Swiss law of expatriation, see Foreign Relations 1876, page 567.)
  • Szegedin, Hungary: disaster by flood at; details; loss, $3,000,000 57

T.

  • Tariff:
    • Austria-Hungary: all duties payable in gold 36
      • new tariff protective; special tariff treaties denounced; commercial treaties negotiated with Germany and Italy upon basis of equivalent concessions 40, 44
      • chaotic condition of public sentiment in Europe respecting tariffs and commercial treaties 42
    • Colombia: reciprocity treaty with the United States suggested; a reduction of 25 per cent, in duties on American dry goods and free admission of beer offered in exchange for a reduction of tariff on tobacco 254, 256, 278
    • Denmark: policy protective; a generaly tariff league against the United States proposed in the Rigs dag 307
    • France: policy protective and retaliatory; policy illustrated by interview between Mr. Kasson and Mr. Teisserence de Bort 42, 61
    • Germany: new tariff protective; views of Prince Bismarck; debates in the Reichstag 360, 365, 392, 394
    • Great Britain: Canadian tariff regulations restrictive of the navigation of the Red River of the North; in conflict with Article XXX, Treaty of Washington 503, 506, 507
    • Hawaiian Islands: tariff on cotton goods made up, in violation of Article II, reciprocity treaty with the United States; tariff policy discussed 512, 527, 544
    • Hayti: consular invoice tax in the nature of an increased import duty 546
    • Japan: export duties on certain articles removed; query as to effect upon receipts 638
    • Liberia: policy explained in President’s message 701
    • Mexico: internal taxes increased; increase added to tariff on similar articles 811, 812
    • Peru: increase of duties on exports and imports 859
    • Portugal: tobacco duties advanced 900
    • Spain: policy of reciprocity treaties discussed; desire of certain interests for protection being felt 938, 939
    • Sweden and Norway: new tariff law in force; duties increased 958
    • United States: tariff policy explained by Mr. Kasson in his interview with the French ambassador at Vienna 61
      • recommendation by Mr. Dichman that the government change its policy of a general tariff to that of a conventional or treaty tariff 278
  • Tariff commission under presidency of the Secretary of the Treasury, to consider effect of present policy of European nations upon our interests, suggested by Mr. Kasson 42
  • Taxation:
    • Argentine Republic: Banda Oriental light-dues; tax upon American shipping imposed in port of Buenos Ayres 16, 19
      • national revenue from tariff and internal taxation, $18, 451, 897 21
    • Austria-Hungary: reports upon railway taxation in Austria and Hungary 52, 54, 63
    • Belgium: report upon railway taxation 92
    • Colombia: customs and internal taxation 256
    • France: influence of tariff policy on revenue 42, 61
    • Germany: increased taxation; debates in the Reichstag 360, 365, 392, 394
    • report upon railway taxation 379
    • Great Britain: report upon railway taxation 429
    • Hayti: consular authentication tax; and commercial license tax 546, 550
    • Italy: proposed abolition of the grist tax 596, 599
    • Japan: revenue from land tax 656
      • export duties removed 638
    • Libera: for extent of taxation, see President’s message 701
    • Mexico: increase of domestic taxation; sum equal to increase added to duties upon similar articles of foreign production 811, 812
    • Netherlands: system of railway taxation 846, 847
    • Peru: increase of duties on imports and exports 859
    • Portugal: tobacco duties advanced 900
    • Russia: system of railway taxation 910
    • Spain: question of extraordinary taxes imposed by Government of Cuba upon Americans 955
    • Switzerland: system of railway taxation 970
      • Turkish Empire:
        • Egypt: measure of taxation as indicated by revenue 1035
        • Tunis: light-house tax. 1036
  • Taylor, Bayard: report of his death; sentiments of regret of German Government 357
    • report of meeting of Americans in Berlin in memory of 358
    • copy of Lord Odo Russell’s dispatch upon the death of Mr. Taylor 484
  • Teisserence de Bort, M., French ambassador at Berlin: conversation with Mr. Kasson as to commercial and tariff policy of the United States 61
    • the retaliatory tariff policy of France illustrated 61
  • Tejedor, Dr., governor of Buenos Ayres, and General Roca, Presidential candidates in Argentine Republic 24
    • calls out the national guard of Buenos Ayres; conflict with national government apprehended. 27
    • reply to note from Señor Sarmiento denying his right to call out national guard 28
    • the mobilization of the national guard may lead to secession 34
  • Telegraph: report of director-general of Japanese service 688
  • Terashima, Mr., Japanese minister for foreign affairs: correspondence with Mr. Bingham concerning quarantine regulations 608, 647, 657
    • correspondence with ministers of Great Britain and Germany concerning quarantine regulations 665, 670
  • Tewfik Pasha, Khedive of Egypt: deposition of Ismail Pasha and succession of Tewfik 979, 1005, 1013
    • the Khedive willing to appoint an American member upon the commission of liquidation 1017
  • Thornton, Sir Edward: notes from 485, 487, 488, 492, 498, 502, 506, 508, 510
  • Times, The London: editorial and letter from, upon American agriculture 486, 478
  • Tobacco: tariff concession in favor of Colombian tobacco recommended 254, 256, 278
    • duties upon, in Portugal increased; details of measure 900
  • Tobacco manufacturers’ bondsmen: protest of Chinese ministers against requirement of real-estate owners as bondsmen for Chinese manufacturers in San Francisco 237
    • if solvent men, to be accepted whether owners of real estate or not 241
  • Tonnage tax: Belgian regulations as to admeasurement of vessels: views of the Secretary of the Treasury 112, 114, 115, 116, 117, 119
    • the Moorsom system explained by Secretary of Treasury to be method of ascertaining cubic capacities 116
    • the United States rules of admeasurement include in tonnage capacity all permanently closed in spaces available for cargo, stores, passengers, or crew 116
    • certificates of admeasurement to be mutually accepted by Austria-Hungary and Germany (Article 11 of treaty of January 1, 1879) 44
    • the Suez Canal Company to extend to all flags rules of admeasurement agreed upon with British Government 487
  • Trade:
    • Prices current of goods exported to the United States to be sent by consuls to appraising officers at ports of destination 2
    • Argentine Republic: threatened conflict between state and national governments; depressing effect upon trade 27
    • Austria-Hungary: trade report for 1878; balance in favor of empire about $57,000,000; increase of imports and exports 52
      • finances and tariff policy 36, 39, 40, 41
      • trade and traffic treaty with Germany 44
      • trade with Servia and Roumania 58, 59
    • Belgium: report upon enlargement of trade relation with the United States; gold, silver, and paper currency report 87, 109
    • Brazil: trade in the hands of Great Britain; need of strong American houses in Brazil 132, 133, 134
    • Colombia: trade statistics; direct steam communication with the United States advocated; tariff concessions and reciprocity treaty suggested 254, 256, 258, 278
    • Denmark: commercial depression; bulk of the trade with Germany and Great Britain; exports and imports to and from the United States 303, 307
    • France: tariff policy to compel negotiation of reciprocity treaties 42, 61
    • Germany: trade policy indicated by treaties with Austria-Hungary and Samoa, and by recent protective tariff 44, 360, 365, 388, 392, 394
    • Great Britain: speeches of Lords Beaconsfield, Salisbury, and Derby upon the commercial depression 453, 465
      • report from Mr. Hoppin upon emigration 463
      • statistics of the growth of the cattle trade from the United States 423
    • Hawaiian Islands: notwithstanding reciprocity treaty, import trade in hands of European merchants 542
    • Hayti: need of capital; industrial condition discussed (see Consular authentication-tax and License-tax questions) 560
    • Japan: statement of imports and exports; tariff policy in its effect upon trade 620, 638, 639, 694
    • Liberia: report upon coffee production and export; industrial resources considered 699, 701, 712
    • Mexico: the railway question 764, 774, 799, 811, 826
    • Portugal: tobacco duties advanced 900
    • Roumania: imports and exports; income; debt; trade chiefly with Austria. 58
      • extension of trade with the United States should be studied by consular officers 58
    • Servia: imports and exports; character of agriculture; finances 59, 82
    • Siam: trade relations discussed 929
    • Spain: importation of American wheat; reciprocity policy advocated 938, 939
    • Sweden and Norway: the transportation system, 959, 960
    • Egypt: business of the Suez Canal 993, 1034
    • Tunis: opening of railway connection with Algeria 1037
    • Venezuela: report upon trade relations with the United States 1044
      • contract of Venezuela with M. Eugenio Pereire to develop resources of country 1045
  • Trade-mark convention concluded with Brazil 129
    • necessity for trade-mark convention with Denmark suggested 307
    • reciprocal agreement as to trade-marks between Austria-Hungary and Germany; Article 20 commercial treaty 44
  • Transit passes: subject discussed by Mr. Holcomb with the Chinese foreign office 181, 200, 208, 211, 215, 219
  • Transit: right of, across the isthmus of Panama for the troops and extradited prisoners of the United States 251, 271, 273, 284
  • Treasury: requirement that shipping, packing, and other charges upon goods to be shipped to the United States shall be expressed in invoice 1, 6, 10
    • requirement that prices current of goods exported to the United States shall be sent by consuls to appraising officers at port of destination 2 requesting report upon gold and silver coin and bullion and paper currency from diplomatic officers 3
    • Treasury circular as to landing certificates 7
    • uling respecting admeasurement of vessels; correspondence with Belgian minister 114, 116, 119
    • circular to collectors of customs respecting Bolivian privateers 125, 126
    • decision respecting tobacco manufacturers’ bondsmen; correspondence with Chinese minister 237, 241
    • decision respecting Article II of the reciprocity treaty with Hawaiian Islands 527, 544
    • decision respecting printed matter subject to customs duties instead of mail charges 932
  • Treaty:
    • Argentine Republic; boundary convention with Chili 23, 25
    • Austria-Hungary: text of commercial treaty with Germany 44
      • old commercial treaties quite generally denounced; new treaties with Germany and Italy based upon equivalent concessions 40
    • Brazil: trade-mark convention concluded 129
    • Chili: secret treaty between Bolivia and Peru 160, 867
    • Colombia: reciprocity treaty suggested 254, 278
    • Denmark: extradition treaty under negotiation 306, 309
    • France: treaty policy of 42, 61
      • Mr. Noyes to visit powers of North Africa; authorized to negotiate treaties of commerce with them 342
    • Germany: text of commercial treaty with Austria-Hungary and debate thereon 44, 365
      • text of treaty with Samoa and debate thereon 381, 388
      • question as to interpretation of Article XII of commercial convention between the United States and Germany; case of Weinrebe, arrested for smuggling on board the “Mosel” 404, 406
    • Great Britain: Canadian customs regulations respecting navigation of Red River of the North in conflict with Article XXX, treaty of Washington 503, 506, 507
      • search of the American bark “Laconia” by British naval officers in the harbor of Zanzibar; violation of Article I, treaty of , 1862 415, 431
    • Guatemala: reciprocity treaty suggested by President Barrios 142
    • Hawaiian Islands: interpretation of Article II of reciprocity treaty 527, 544
      • report upon alleged sugar frauds under reciprocity treaty 529
      • failure of American merchants and manufacturers to avail themselves of benefits of reciprocity treaty 542
    • Hayti: license tax in violation of treaty of 1864 550, 593
    • Japan: quarantine regulations of Japanese Government held by Germany and Great Britain to be in contravention of treaty rights 647, 665, 670
      • the United States holds to a different interpretation 604, 608, 647, 657
      • text of treaty between Japan and Corea 696
    • Liberia: adjournment of boundary commission without agreement as to limits 717
    • Mexico: Yucatan export bounty upon hemp shipped to Europe in contravention of treaty; expiration of law 796
    • Peru: text of secret treaty of alliance with Bolivia 867
    • Roumania and Servia: Mr. Kasson instructed to negotiate commercial treaties with 49, 79, 81
      • treaty relations of 59
    • Russia: summary of treaty of peace with Turkey signed at Constantinople February 8, 1879 978
    • Spain: subject of a commercial treaty with the United States discussed by the press of Madrid 939
    • Turkey; summary of treaty of peace with Russia 978
      • judicial jurisdiction of consul-general at Cairo in criminal cases under treaty reservation 987, 990, 1010, 1012
  • Trenton, United States steamer: model of, commended by Mr. Thomas Brassey, M. P. 429
  • Tseng, Marquis: appointed Chinese minister to England 208
  • Tugs “Champion,” “Winston,” “J. H. Martin”: their right to aid disabled American vessels in Canadian waters denied by Canada 481
    • tug “Owen” and her tow, case of; necessity of agreement as to reciprocal right to aid disabled vessels on the lakes 498
  • Tukish Empire Turkey: abstract of treaty of peace with Russia signed at Constantinople, February 8, 1879 (for treaties of San Stefano and Berlin, to which this treaty is supplementary, see Foreign Relations, 1878, pages 865, 894) 978
    • visit of British ambassador to Syria 990
    • reawakening of religious zeal among Mohammedans; an illustration 993
    • deposition of Ismail Pasha, Khedive of Egypt, and review of his reign by Mr. Maynard 979, 982
    • review of his reign by Mr. Farman 1005
    • affairs in Eastern Roumelia: administration of Aleko Pasha Vogorides; letter from the Spectator 984
    • Egypt: proceedings of Great Britain and France which led to the deposition of Ismail Pasha 996
      • deposition of Ismail Pasha and investiture of Tewfik Pasha as Khedive of Egypt 1005, 1008, 1013
      • reports upon the Suez Canal: its cost; receipts; expenses; profits; capital stock’; dividends; number of vessels using canal 993, 1034
      • revenue and expenses of Egyptian Government; debt charge 1035
      • re-establishment of the comptrollership; appointment of Messrs. Baring and de Blignieres 1033
      • documents relating to the pacification of the Levant in 1840–1841 1018
    • Tunis: the United States consents to light-house tax on shipping 1036
    • opening of Tunis section of Algerian railway 1037
  • Türr: General Stephen Türr; one of the original parties interested in the de Gorgoza-Türr-Wyse-de Lesseps Panama Canal contract 297
  • Typhus fever raging in Morocco; great loss of life; Europeans as well as natives sufferers 840
    • so-called Russian plague; not the plague, but malignant typhus 912

U.

  • Undervaluation: consul to note market-price upon invoice when undervaluation is suspected 6
  • Unit of value and account: international; adoption recommended by Mr. Kasson 39
  • United States:
    • Interest felt in Liberia; development of relations between the two countries discussed 341, 712, 718, 722, 727
    • Expatriation: full recognition of the right, by the United States 814, 815, 824
      • status of minors abroad whose parents were American citizens 815
      • passports maybe issued to minors of discreet age, unaccompanied by their parents 814
  • Uruguay: constitutional form of government restored; Colonel Latorre elected president 1038

V.

  • Venezuela: attempt of Venezuela to close Puerto Cabello by decree while in hands of insurgents 1038
    • approval of protest of Mr. Minister Baker 1040
    • entry of General Guzman Blanco and revolutionary army into Caracas 1040, 1041
    • action of congress of plenipotentiaries assembled by decree of General Guzman Blanco 1041, 1043
    • programme of General Guzman Blanco’s visit to Europe 1043
    • translation of the Pereire contract; grants for railways, roads, harbors, canals, mines, banks, &c 1045
    • commercial relationship of Venezuela; trade possibilities; trade with the United States 1044
  • Vessels of belligerents sold to citizens of the United States: a prize court of either belligerent may inquire into good faith of sale 894
  • Vienna: report upon the municipal government of, by Mr. Kasson 64
    • report upon the police system of, by Mr. Delaplaine 74
  • Vigil, Hon. J. M.: comments upon report of Mr. Giberts upon administration of affairs in Lower California 825
  • Vogorides, Aleko Pasha, governor-general of East Roumelia: article from the London Spectator upon his administration 984
[Page 1093]

W.

  • Wackerman, Joseph, naturalized citizen: case brought to attention of the legation at Berlin 367
  • Waddington, M.: secretary of state for foreign affairs of France, and premier of the Grévy cabinet 334
  • Wallner, Alex. F., naturalized citizen: case brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367
  • Washington: treaty of; Canadian regulations restricting navigation of Red River of the North in conflict with Article XXX of treaty 503, 506, 507
    • discussion of Fortune Bay fishery claims by London Daily News 451
  • Wehrung, George, naturalized citizen: case brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367
  • Weibezahl, C. A. F., naturalized citizen: case brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367
  • Weights and measures: international bureau of, ready to make comparison of old with new standards 311
    • second annual report of bureau; report for 1878 312
  • Weil, Gustave, naturalized citizen: case of brought to attention of legation at Berlin (see Foreign Relations, 1878, page 216.) 367
  • Weinrebe, Carl, cook on German vessel “Mose”: question as to whether his arrest for smuggling was in violation of Article XII, consular convention with Germany 404
    • his arrest not in contravention of treaty 406
  • Wells, Fargo & Co.: attack of Mexican depredators upon their stages in Arizona 734
  • Willard, Mr. A., consul at Guaymas: correspondence with Mr. Foster upon Wilson, Mr. Rivers: attitude toward the government of the Khedive 990
  • Mexican depredations in Arizona 734
  • Wrecked and disabled vessels in American and Canadian waters: Canada urged to agree to principle of reciprocal aid 481
    • necessity for agreement shown; cases of wrecked American vessels to whom American aid was prohibited 481, 498
    • views of Canadian Government 498
    • act of Congress of June 19, 1878; Canada responsible for delay in carrying principle of reciprocal aid into effect 505
  • Wyse-de Lesseps Panama Canal concession: copy of contract 243
    • project discussed by Mr. Minister Dichman in its national and international relationships 290, 295, 297
    • history of the De Gorgoza-Türr-Wyse-de Lesseps contract 297

Y.

Z.

  • Zanzibar: search of the American bark “Laconia” in the harbor of Zanzibar in contravention of Article I, treaty of 1862, by Captain Earl, of the British Navy 415
    • regret expressed by the British Government 431
  • Zimmer, Martin, naturalized citizen: case of, brought to attention of legation at Berlin 367