[Page 907]

Index

References are to document numbers

    • Aaron, David:
      • Brown Middle East trip (1979), 17
      • Brzezinski Saudi Arabia visit (1980), 208
      • Indian Ocean demilitarization talks, 109, 112, 123, 128
      • Middle East regional security, 23, 63
      • Persian Gulf security framework agency review, 97
      • Saudi military aid to Egypt, 192
      • Saudi oil policies, 210
      • Soviet role in the Middle East, 91
      • Strait of Hormuz, 33
      • U.S. covert action in Iran, 34
      • U.S. economic and military aid to Oman, 68, 70
      • U.S. military aid to Pakistan, 42, 54
      • U.S. military aid to Saudi Arabia, 57, 64, 173, 200, 222, 223
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean
        • Allied roles, 54, 57, 78
        • Amphibious deployment/ground force exercises, 40, 42, 54, 56, 57, 78, 82, 86
        • Bartholomew Mission discussions, 49, 50
        • Egyptian role, 64
        • Middle East unified command proposals, 29
        • Oman/Somalia/Kenya bases:
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 26
        • Rapid Deployment Force, 39, 40
        • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 192
        • U.S. military aid overviews, 92, 94
      • U.S.-Saudi relations, 187, 190
      • Yemen crises, 249
    • Aba al-Khayl, Muhammad, 150
    • Abd al-Muhsin (prince of Saudi Arabia), 175
    • Abd al-Ghani, Abdul Aziz, 254, 256
    • Abdallah, Lt. Col. Fahd, 213, 215, 217, 225, 266
    • Abdallah Abd al-Aziz al Saud (prince of Saudi Arabia), 165, 175, 176, 219, 225
    • Abdu, Ahmad, 251
    • Abdullah (prince of Saudi Arabia), 161, 255
    • Abu Dhabi. See Persian Gulf states.
    • Adham, Kamal, 165
    • Administration transition period (1980–1981), 97
    • Afghanistan (see also Soviet invasion of Afghanistan), 34, 35
    • African countries (see also specific countries), 95
    • Agha, Ali, 223
    • Aherne, Richard, 298
    • al-Ahmar, Abdullah, 238
    • Ahmed bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (prince of Saudi Arabia), 154
    • Albright, Madeleine, 200
    • Ali-Rajai, Mohammad, 223
    • Alireza, Ali Abdullah, 151, 161, 172
    • Alston, Philip, 107
    • Ames, Robert:
      • Brown Middle East trip (1979), 17
      • Middle East regional security, 23, 63
      • Persian Gulf security framework agency review, 97
      • Saudi military aid to Egypt, 192
      • Saudi oil policies, 210
      • Soviet role in the Middle East, JCS strategy paper, 91
      • Strait of Hormuz, 33
      • U.S. military aid to Pakistan, 42, 54
      • U.S. military aid to Saudi Arabia, 57, 64, 214
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean:
      • U.S.-Saudi relations, 190
      • Yemen crises, 277, 294
    • Antar, Ali, 299
    • Arab-Israeli conflict (see also Camp David Accords; Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty negotiations):
    • Arab League, 254, 274, 276, 281
    • Arabian Peninsula. See Persian Gulf.
    • Arafat, Yassir, 207
    • Arietti, Michael R., 228, 289, 293, 298
    • Armacost, Michael A., 107, 122
    • al-Ashtal, Abdullah, 231, 232
    • al-Asnaj, Abdullah, 234, 245, 251, 259, 261, 282, 286
    • Atherton, Alfred L. “Roy”:
    • Atwood, Brian J., 18, 246
    • Austin, Granville S., 2
    • Australia, 107, 120, 122
    • al-Ayni, Muhsin, 293
    • Azzawi, Fadhil, 142
    • Camp David Accords (1978) (see also Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty negotiations), 12, 19, 137, 181
    • Camp David negotiations (1978), 9
    • Carlucci, Frank C.:
      • Brzezinski Saudi Arabia visit (1980), 208
      • Middle East regional security, 23
      • Saudi military aid to Egypt, 192
      • U.S. military aid to Pakistan, 42
      • U.S. military aid to Saudi Arabia, 64, 220
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean, 37, 42, 64, 65, 73, 192
      • U.S.-Saudi security cooperation, 187
      • Yemen crises, 263, 277, 294, 300
    • Carmody, A. T., 107
    • Carswell, Robert, 94, 97
    • Carter, James Earl III “Chip,” 188
    • Carter, Jimmy:
      • Brown Middle East trip (1979), 15, 19, 20
      • Ghashmi correspondence, 234, 235
      • Indian Ocean demilitarization talks, 106
      • Iranian Revolution, 196
      • Khalid correspondence, 167, 182, 185, 192, 253, 255
      • Khalid U.S. visit (1979), 188
      • Mecca Grand Mosque hostage incident (Nov. 1979), 204
      • Oil prices and availability, 163, 196, 210
      • Persian Gulf security framework:
      • Presidential elections (1980), 216
      • Propaganda broadcasting, 36
      • Saudi military aid to Egypt, 23, 192
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 45
      • Soviet role in the Middle East, 10
      • U.S. citizen security in Saudi Arabia, 204
      • U.S. economic and military aid to Oman, 67, 68
      • U.S. health care project aid to Saudi Arabia, 219
      • U.S.-Iraqi relations, 130, 131, 132
      • U.S.-Libyan relations, 130
      • U.S. military aid to Egypt, 162, 169
      • U.S. military aid to Israel, 162, 169
      • U.S. military aid to Pakistan, 42, 54
      • U.S. military aid to Saudi Arabia:
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean:
        • Allied roles, 54, 57, 78
        • Amphibious deployment/ground force exercises:
        • Bartholomew Mission discussions, 38, 50, 52
        • Brown memoranda, 27, 41, 47
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 38, 43, 51
        • Egyptian role, 64, 74
        • Middle East unified command proposals, 226
        • Oman/Somalia/Kenya bases:
        • Persian Gulf unified command proposals, 46, 51, 61, 69, 90
        • Rapid Deployment Force, 48, 88, 90
        • Rapid reaction capability, Brzezinski memoranda, 55
        • Vance/Brown memoranda, 30
      • U.S.-Omani security consultations, 12, 13
      • U.S. policy in the Middle East:
      • U.S.-Saudi relations:
        • Brzezinski Saudi Arabia visit (1980), 207
        • CIA Intelligence Memoranda, 183
        • Economic initiatives, 194
        • Fahd U.S. visit (1977), 148, 149
        • Fahd U.S. visit proposals (1979), 182
        • Presidential Review Committee discussions, 190
        • Saudi Arabia visit (1978), 159, 164
        • West memoranda, 154, 176, 216
      • U.S.-Saudi security cooperation, 182
      • Yemen crises
        • Covert action proposals, 294, 296
        • al-Ghashmi assassination, 243
        • Khalid correspondence, 253
        • National Security Council discussions, 271
        • National Security Council staff memoranda, 264
        • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 260, 268
        • U.S.-People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen relations, 239, 240, 241, 242
        • U.S./Saudi military aid to Yemen Arab Republic, 249, 256
        • U.S.-Soviet discussions, 263
        • Yemen reunification discussions, 281
        • Yemenite War (1979), 261, 270, 274
      • Zawawi U.S. visit (1980), 60
    • Case, Clifford P., Jr., 156, 166
    • Castrodale, Richard, 18, 178
    • Carter Doctrine (State of the Union address (1980)), 43, 45, 51, 80, 90, 208
    • Cathey, Gen. Charles H., 177, 251, 255, 265, 266, 267
    • Cave, George, 188, 266
    • Cecil, Charles O., 143
    • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA):
      • Documents not declassified, 174, 189
      • Indian Ocean demilitarization talks, 103
      • Intelligence Memoranda:
        • PA M 80–10019, “North Yemen: Move to the Left,” 292
        • RP M 79–10053, “The Impact of Iran on Saudi Arabia,” 181
        • RP M 79–10061, “Saudi Perceptions of Key Issues Affecting Saudi-US Relations,” 183
      • Iranian Revolution, 35, 181
      • Iraqi Middle East role, 141
      • Iraqi political situation, 134
      • Middle East regional security, 17, 35, 181
      • Oil prices and availability, 35, 144, 158, 183
      • Propaganda broadcasting, 36
      • Saudi Arabia, 144, 165, 181
      • Soviet role in the Middle East, 6, 35
      • U.S. military aid to Saudi Arabia, 165, 214
      • Yemen crises, 35, 237, 238, 267, 292
    • Central Treaty Organization (CENTO), 9
    • Chinese People’s Republic (CPR), 54
    • Christopher, Warren M.
    • Church, Frank F., 16, 17, 166
    • Churchill, George, 3, 5, 127
    • Clarke, Bruce C., 50, 94, 128, 268
    • Claytor, W. Graham, Jr.:
      • Brzezinski Saudi Arabia visit (1980), 208
      • Persian Gulf security framework agency review, 97
      • Saudi oil policies, 210
      • Soviet role in the Middle East, 91
      • U.S. military aid to Saudi Arabia, 57, 64, 220, 222, 223
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean, 41
    • Clements, William P., Jr., 145, 149
    • Cleveland, Carolyn, 187
    • Clift, A. Denis, 17, 50, 128, 187, 220, 222, 263
    • Cluverius, Wat Tyler, IV, 2, 4, 7, 136
    • Cogan, Charles, 74, 78
    • Conference on International Economic Cooperation (CIEC), 150
    • Congress, U.S.:
    • Constable, Peter D.:
      • Brzezinski Saudi Arabia visit (1980), 208
      • Indian Ocean demilitarization talks, 124
      • Mecca Grand Mosque hostage incident (Nov. 1979), 203
      • Middle East regional security, 63
      • Persian Gulf security framework agency review, 97
      • U.S. military aid to Pakistan, 40
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean, 78, 82, 84, 92, 94
      • Yemen crises, 285
    • Coon, Jane A., 65
    • Cooper, Richard N., 150, 172, 190, 210
    • Countryman, John R., 32, 71, 143, 228, 232, 285, 288, 289
    • Court, Charles, 122
    • Cowan, Gray, 50, 82, 84
    • Crawford, William R.:
    • Crosswhite, Clyde, 94
    • Cuba, 267
    • Currier, Charles G., 136
    • Cutler, Lloyd, 50, 208
    • Eagleton, Thomas F., 142
    • Earle, Ralph, II, 50, 124, 125
    • Earle, Robert, 62
    • Egypt (see also Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty negotiations):
      • Brown Middle East trip (1979), 16, 17, 19
      • Middle East regional security, Brown Middle East trip (1979) discussions, 17, 19
      • Political situation, CIA Intelligence Memoranda, 35
      • Saudi military aid to, 23, 165, 192
      • U.S. economic and military aid:
        • Brown Middle East trip (1979) discussions, 16, 17, 19, 20
        • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 54
        • Tarnoff memoranda, 95
      • U.S.-Iraqi relations and, 135
      • U.S. military aid:
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 162
        • Vance memoranda, 169
      • U.S. military presence in:
    • Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty negotiations:
      • Baghdad summit (Mar. 1979), 191
      • Brown Middle East trip (1979) discussions, 19, 20
      • CIA Intelligence Memoranda, 35
      • Iraq and, 136, 141
      • Middle East regional security and, 35
      • Saudi concerns, 188, 206
      • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 23
    • Eilts, Hermann F., 135
    • Eizenstat, Stuart E., 50
    • Ellerman, Denny, 268
    • Ericsson, Richard, 246
    • Ermarth, Fritz:
      • Brown Middle East trip (1979), 16, 17
      • Indian Ocean demilitarization talks, 24
      • Middle East regional security, 16, 22, 23
      • Saudi military aid to Egypt, 192
      • U.S. military aid to Pakistan, 42
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean:
      • U.S. policy in the Middle East, 24
      • Yemen crises, 294
    • Ethiopia. See Ogaden War
    • Evans, John M., 288
    • Ibrahim, Izzat, 138
    • Inderfurth, Karl F. (“Rick”), 16, 108, 121, 130, 252
    • India, 42
    • Indian Ocean. See Diego Garcia base; Indian Ocean demilitarization talks; Kenya; Middle East Force negotiations; Oman; Somalia; U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean.
    • Indian Ocean demilitarization talks, 34, 123
    • Inman, Adm. Bobby, 187
    • Iran (see also Iran-Iraq War; Iranian hostage crisis; Iranian Revolution):
      • Oil exports, 97
      • Soviet invasion possibility, 91
      • U.S. covert action, 34, 51
      • U.S.-Iraqi relations and, 131
      • U.S. military aid, 9, 160
      • U.S. press statement, 42
    • Iran-Iraq War:
      • Brown memoranda, 96
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 93
      • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 97, 220, 223
      • Tarnoff memoranda, 95
      • U.S. military aid to Saudi Arabia and, 220
    • Iranian hostage crisis:
      • Brown memoranda, 85, 96
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 90
      • CIA Intelligence Memoranda, 141
      • Odom memoranda, 34
      • Oman and, 60, 75, 76, 81
      • Saudi Arabia and, 207, 216
      • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 57
      • U.S. policy in the Middle East and, 45
    • Iranian Revolution:
    • Iraq (see also Iran-Iraq War):
      • Iranian revolution and, 35
      • Kurdish insurgency, 131, 132
      • Middle East role, 35, 136, 137, 140, 141
      • Persian Gulf states relations with, 35
      • Political situation, 134, 138, 139, 141
      • U.S. relations with:
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 130
        • Eagleton-Azzawi meeting, 142
        • Habib-Hammadi meetings, 132, 133
        • National Intelligence Estimates, 137
        • Quandt/Sick memoranda, 1
        • Saunders memoranda, 135
        • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 23
        • Vance memoranda, 131
      • Yemen crises and, 283
    • Islamic Conference (1980), 207, 217
    • Ismail, Abd al Fattah, 235, 244, 252, 266, 267, 281, 292
    • Israel:
    • Israel boycott, 143, 144, 148
    • Kabbani, Gen., 177, 251, 266
    • Kahan, Jerome H., 116
    • Kairollah Talfa, Adnan, 134, 138
    • Keely, Robert, 66
    • Keene, Douglas E., 7, 32, 71
    • Keeny, Spurgeon, 23, 26, 192
    • Kelley, Maj. Gen. Paul X., 48
    • Kelly, Cmdr. James, 277
    • Kenya:
      • U.S. amphibious deployment proposals, 86, 87
      • U.S. bases in:
        • Bartholomew Mission discussions, 38, 49, 50, 51
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 90, 93
        • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 66
        • Tarnoff memoranda, 95
        • Vance memoranda, 44
        • Welch/Ermarth memoranda, 41, 49
      • U.S. relations with, 96
    • Kessler, Martha, 222
    • al-Khail, Aba, 176
    • Khaldi, Gen., 7
    • Khalid bin Abdul Aziz (king of Saudi Arabia):
    • Khalifa bin Zayid, Shaikh, 8
    • Khomeini, Ayatollah Ruhollah, 35
    • al-Kibsi, 261, 287
    • Kimmitt, Robert, 198, 200, 268
    • Kissinger, Henry A., 145, 231
    • Klutznick, Philip M., 55, 98
    • Komer, Robert W.:
      • Middle East regional security, 62, 63, 64
      • Persian Gulf security framework, 95, 97
      • Saudi oil policies, 210
      • Soviet role in the Middle East, 91
      • U.S. economic and military aid to Oman, 70
      • U.S. military aid to Pakistan, 42, 54
      • U.S. military aid to Saudi Arabia, 57, 64
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean:
      • Yemen crises, 294
    • Korn, David A., 161
    • Kornienko, Georgi M., 273
    • Kramer, Frank, 78, 89, 94
    • Kreisberg, Paul H., 18, 21, 44, 184, 246
    • al-Kuhali, Moujahid, 251
    • Kurdish insurgency, 131, 132
    • Kuwait. See Persian Gulf states
    • McCall, Sherrod, 273
    • McDougall, Ellis, 154
    • McGiffert, David E.:
    • McIntyre, James T., 17, 55, 68, 73, 91, 93, 98
    • McKean, Joel, 125
    • McKim, Lt. Col. Kenneth, 262, 268, 275, 277
    • McMahon, John, 187
    • Madani, Nizar O., 172
    • Makki, Hassan, 288
    • Mansuri, Abd al-Rahman, 188, 239, 285
    • Marcuss, Stanley J., 180
    • Marsh, William H., 184, 213, 215
    • Martin, Thomas G., 254
    • Matheny, John, 277
    • Mattingly, Lt. Col. John, 94
    • Mauritius, 129
    • Maxim, Robert M., 18
    • Maynes, Charles W., 128
    • Mecca Grand Mosque hostage incident (Nov. 1979), 35, 201, 202, 203, 204
    • Mendelevich, Lev, 104, 108, 117, 120, 125
    • Metzenbaum, Howard, 166
    • Meyer, Col., 177
    • Michel, James, 268, 277
    • Middle East Force negotiations, 2, 3, 4, 5
    • Middle East regional security (see also Persian Gulf security framework; Saudi regional security financing; U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean):
    • Miller, G. William, 93, 97, 98, 212
    • Mishal (prince of Saudi Arabia), 175
    • Moberly, Patrick, 129
    • Mondale, Walter F.:
      • Brown Middle East trip (1979), 17
      • Indian Ocean demilitarization talks, 99, 100, 105, 112
      • Middle East regional security, 82
      • Persian Gulf security framework, 98
      • Saudi military aid to Egypt, 192
      • U.S. military aid to Saudi Arabia, 220
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean, 73, 74, 77, 192
      • U.S.-Saudi security cooperation, 187, 264
      • Yemen crises, 263
    • Montgomery, James, 50
    • Moor, Carol C., 18
    • Moore, Frank, 166
    • Moose, David, 50
    • Moose, Richard M., Jr., 172
    • Muhammad bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (prince of Saudi Arabia), 154
    • Muller, George, 18
    • Murphy, Adm. Daniel J., 26, 187, 277
    • Murray, Robert J.:
      • Brown Middle East trip (1979), 17
      • U.S. military aid to Bahrain, 32
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean, 34, 38, 40, 44, 51, 52
      • U.S./Saudi military aid to Yemen Arab Republic, 249
      • U.S.-Saudi relations, 190
      • U.S.-Saudi security cooperation, 184, 185
      • Yemen crises:
        • Saudi military intervention possibilities, 265, 266
        • Soviet military aid to Yemen Arab Republic, 278, 289
        • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 260, 262, 280, 284
        • U.S. military aid to Yemen Arab Republic, 254
    • Musallim, Ali, 251
    • Muskie, Edmund S.:
    • Muti’, Muhammed Saleh, 232
    • Naas, Charles, 2, 3
    • Nagle, Chester, 60
    • Najim, Nabil, 142
    • Nasser, Gamel Abdel, 81
    • National Intelligence Estimates, “Iraq’s Role in the Middle East,” 137
    • National Security Council (NSC), 113
    • Nayif bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud (prince of Saudi Arabia), 154
    • Nazer, Hisham, 144, 154
    • Newhouse, John, 102, 105, 112, 116, 124
    • Newsom, David D.:
      • Brzezinski Saudi Arabia visit (1980), 208
      • Mecca Grand Mosque hostage incident (Nov. 1979), 204
      • Middle East regional security, 18, 21
      • Persian Gulf security framework agency review, 97
      • Saudi oil policies, 210
      • Soviet role in the Middle East, 91
      • Strait of Hormuz, 33
      • U.S.-Iraqi relations, 135
      • U.S. military aid to Pakistan, 40, 54
      • U.S. military aid to Saudi Arabia, 57, 64, 220, 223
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean:
      • U.S.-Omani security consultations, 12
      • U.S.-Saudi relations, 180
      • U.S.-Saudi security cooperation, 178, 187
      • Yemen crises:
        • Soviet military aid to Yemen Arab Republic, 278, 293
        • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 260, 262, 263, 268, 275, 277, 280
        • U.S. military aid to Yemen Arab Republic, 246, 254
        • U.S./Saudi military aid to Yemen Arab Republic, 250, 298
        • U.S.-Soviet discussions, 273
        • Yemen reunification discussions, 288
    • Nimetz, Matthew, 64, 65, 71, 78, 84, 92, 94, 208
    • Non-aligned Movement Summit (1979), 30
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 28, 54, 78
    • North Yemen. See Yemen Arab Republic.
    • October 1973 War, 5, 35, 100, 144
    • Odom, Brig. Gen. William:
    • O’Donohue, Daniel:
      • Middle East regional security, 18, 21
      • Strait of Hormuz, 33
      • U.S. economic and military aid to Oman, 71
      • U.S. military aid to Bahrain, 32
      • U.S. military aid to Saudi Arabia, 64
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean, 64, 66, 94
      • U.S.-Saudi security cooperation, 184
      • Yemen crises, 284, 289
    • Ogaden War:
      • Brown memoranda, 96
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 90, 93
      • CIA Intelligence Memoranda, 165
      • People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen role, 235, 237
      • Soviet role, 171, 236
      • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 50, 66, 73, 82, 84
      • Tarnoff memoranda, 95
      • U.S.-People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen discussions, 231
      • U.S.-Saudi discussions, 161, 171
      • Welch/Ermarth memoranda, 41, 49
    • Oil prices and availability:
      • Arab-Israeli conflict and, 9, 158
      • Brown memoranda, 96
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 90, 93
      • Indian Ocean demilitarization talks and, 100, 123
      • Iraq and, 137
      • Middle East regional security and, 35
      • National Intelligence Estimates, 137
      • Saudi oil field security, 14, 17, 19, 154
      • Saudi policies:
      • Soviet role in the Middle East and, 176, 179
      • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 97
      • Tarnoff memoranda, 95
      • U.S. domestic policies, 172
      • U.S. policy in the Middle East and, 1, 9, 26, 35, 143, 180
    • Oman (see also Persian Gulf states):
      • Congressional delegation visits (1980), 65
      • Dhufari rebellion, 237
      • Iranian hostage crisis and, 60, 75, 76, 81
      • Saudi military aid, 54
      • U.S. bases in:
        • Bartholomew Mission discussions, 38, 49, 50, 51, 53
        • Brown Middle East trip (1979) discussions, 20
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 58, 90
        • Habib mission discussions, 81
        • Indian Ocean demilitarization talks and, 100
        • Jones memoranda, 11
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 26
        • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 40, 50, 54, 57, 65, 66
        • Vance memoranda, 44
        • Welch/Ermarth memoranda, 41, 49
        • Wiley memoranda, 70
        • Zawawi U.S. visit (1980) discussions, 59, 60
      • U.S. economic and military aid:
        • Bartholomew memoranda, 72
        • Bartholomew Mission discussions, 38, 53
        • Brzezinski/McIntyre memoranda, 68
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 67, 90, 93
        • Odom memoranda, 34
        • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 64, 65
        • U.S.-Omani discussions, 59, 60, 70, 72, 81
        • Vance memoranda, 71
      • U.S.-Omani security consultations, 12, 13, 60
      • Zawawi U.S. visit (1980), 60
    • Omran, Gen., 215
    • Onek, Joseph, 128
    • Organization of African Unity (OAU), 95
    • Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) (see also Oil prices and availability):
    • Owen, Henry D., 40, 56, 57, 65, 208, 210
    • Pakistan:
    • Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), 35
    • Palestinian Autonomy Talks (1979–1980), 35, 212, 216
    • Palestinians. See Arab-Israeli conflict; Lebanese Civil War; Palestinian Autonomy Talks
    • Palmer, Brig. Gen. David, 92
    • Panama Canal treaties, 166, 172
    • Parker, Richard B., 192
    • Parkinson, N. F., 107
    • Parris, Gen. William, 60
    • Parsons, Anthony, 136
    • PASEX, 34
    • Peacock, Andrew, 107
    • Peck, Edward, 133, 139
    • People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen) (see also Yemen crises):
    • Persian Gulf. See Middle East Force negotiations; Persian Gulf security framework; Persian Gulf states; U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean.
    • Persian Gulf security framework (see also Oil prices and availability; Oman, economic and military aid; Pakistan, U.S. relations with; Saudi Arabia, U.S. military aid; Saudi regional security financing; U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean):
    • Persian Gulf states:
      • Iraqi relations with, 35
      • Middle East regional security and, 12, 13, 18
      • Political situation, 35
      • U.S. military aid, 7, 8
      • U.S. policy in the Middle East and, 1, 18
    • Pharaon, Rashid, 161, 188
    • Platt, Alan, 23, 192, 284
    • Plummer, Lt. Col. G. W., 33, 266
    • Poats, Rutherford M., 16, 66, 180
    • Policy Review Committee (PRC):
      • Brown Middle East trip (1979), 17
      • Indian Ocean demilitarization talks, 24, 26, 124
      • Strait of Hormuz, 33
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean, 24, 25, 26, 123
    • Porter, William J., 145, 148
    • Portugal, 95
    • Powell, Jody, 37, 42, 50, 107, 128, 294
    • Presidential Directives, PD/NSC–63, “Persian Gulf Security Framework,” 97, 98
    • Presidential Review Memoranda:
      • NSC–10, “Comprehensive Net Assessment and Military Force Posture Review,” 109
      • NSC–25, “Arms Control in the Indian Ocean Area,” 99
    • Propaganda broadcasting, 36
    • Pustay, Lt. Gen. John:
      • Brzezinski Saudi Arabia visit (1980), 208
      • Indian Ocean demilitarization talks, 124, 125, 128
      • Middle East regional security, 63
      • Persian Gulf security framework agency review, 97
      • Saudi oil policies, 210
      • Strait of Hormuz, 33
      • U.S. military aid to Pakistan, 42, 54
      • U.S. military aid to Saudi Arabia, 57, 64
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean:
      • Yemen crises, 294
    • Qaboos bin Said al Said (Sultan of Oman), 13, 38, 53, 66, 70, 76
    • Quandt, William B.:
      • Indian Ocean demilitarization talks, 122
      • Middle East regional security, 18, 22, 23
      • Saud U.S. visit (1978), 172
      • Saudi military aid to Egypt, 192
      • U.S.-Iraqi relations, 130
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean, 192
      • U.S. policy in the Middle East, 1, 16
      • U.S.-Saudi relations, 168, 178, 180, 191
      • Yemen crises, 252, 254
    • Taiz summit (1977), 230, 235
    • Tange, Arthur, 107
    • Tarnoff, Peter R.:
      • Iraqi Pan-Arab Charter proposal, 140
      • Middle East regional security, 21
      • U.S. citizen security in Saudi Arabia, 205
      • U.S.-Iraqi relations, 131
      • U.S. military aid to Saudi Arabia, 168, 211
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean, 66, 95
      • U.S.-Omani security consultations, 12
      • U.S.-Saudi relations, 95, 185, 190
    • Taylor, Jane E., 71
    • Thibault, Albert, 2
    • Thomson, James, 101, 102, 104, 105, 111, 116
    • Thornton, Thomas:
      • Brzezinski Saudi Arabia visit (1980), 208
      • Indian Ocean demilitarization talks, 128
      • Saudi oil policies, 210
      • U.S.-Iraqi relations, 131
      • U.S. military aid to Pakistan, 42, 54
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean, 40, 42, 50, 54, 56, 65, 73
      • U.S.-Saudi relations, 180
      • Yemen crises, 280, 294
    • Thunayyan, Abd Al-Aziz, 177
    • Toon, Malcolm, Yemen crises, 273
    • Tripoli Conference (1977), 161
    • Truman Doctrine, 45
    • Tuchman, Jessica, 156, 166
    • Turkey, 93, 95, 96, 185
    • Turki ibn Abd al-Aziz (prince of Saudi Arabia), 181
    • Turki ibn Faisal (prince of Saudi Arabia), 161, 165, 177, 188, 220, 225, 266
    • Turner, Adm. Stansfield:
      • Brown Middle East trip (1979), 17
      • Documents not declassified, 218
      • Indian Ocean demilitarization talks:
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 110, 114, 119
        • CIA memoranda, 103
        • Interagency response memorandum, 100
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 124
        • Presidential Review Memoranda, 99
        • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 102, 105, 111, 112
        • U.S.-Soviet meetings, 115, 125
      • Middle East regional security, 21, 22
      • Persian Gulf security framework, 58, 79, 83, 87, 93, 97, 98
      • Saudi military aid to Egypt, 192
      • Saudi oil policies, 210
      • Saudi regional security financing, 82
      • Soviet role in the Middle East, JCS strategy paper, 91
      • U.S. military aid to Pakistan, 54
      • U.S. military aid to Saudi Arabia, 57, 58, 64, 212, 214, 220, 222
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean:
        • Allied roles, 57, 78
        • Amphibious deployment/ground force exercises:
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 58, 79
        • Egyptian role, 64, 74, 87
        • Middle East unified command proposals, 77
        • Oman/Somalia/Kenya bases, 37, 40, 54, 57, 65, 73, 78, 84
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 26
        • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 192
      • U.S.-Saudi relations, 183, 187
      • Yemen crises, 260, 263, 268, 271, 277
    • Twinam, Joseph W.:
      • Middle East Force negotiations, 2, 3, 5
      • Middle East regional security, 18
      • Saud U.S. visit (1978), 172
      • State Department briefing paper, 143
      • United Arab Emirates U.S. military aid requests, 7
      • U.S. military aid to Saudi Arabia, 146, 228
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean, 44, 65, 66
      • Yemen crises, 236, 246, 278, 293, 298
    • Twombly, John, 111
    • UN Ad Hoc Committee on the Indian Ocean Zone of Peace, 128
    • United Arab Emirates (UAE) (see also Persian Gulf states), 7, 8, 96
    • United Kingdom, 40, 42, 126, 129, 136
    • United Nations, 100, 128
    • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean (see also Diego Garcia base; Indian Ocean demilitarization talks):
    • U.S. policy in the Middle East:
      • Brown Middle East trip (1979), 15, 16
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 11
      • Carter Doctrine, 43, 45, 51, 80, 90, 208
      • Duncan memoranda, 10, 11
      • Iranian hostage crisis and, 45
      • Jones memoranda, 9
      • Oil prices and availability and, 1, 9, 26, 35, 143, 180
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 24
      • Quandt/Sick memoranda, 1
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and, 45
      • U.S.-Soviet discussions, 26
    • U.S. presidential elections (1980), 216
    • Vance, Cyrus:
      • Brown Middle East trip (1979), 19
      • Indian Ocean demilitarization talks
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 110, 114, 119
        • Interagency response memorandum, 100
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 124
        • Presidential Review Memoranda, 99
        • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 105, 112
        • U.S.-Australian discussions, 107
        • U.S.-Soviet communications, Gromkyo discussions, 100
        • U.S.-Soviet meetings, 115
      • Mecca Grand Mosque hostage incident (Nov. 1979), 203, 204
      • Middle East Force negotiations, 3, 5
      • Middle East regional security:
        • Persian Gulf states and, 18
        • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 21, 22, 23
      • Oil prices and availability, 152, 153, 161
      • Persian Gulf security framework, 58
      • Saudi military aid to Egypt, 192
      • United Arab Emirates U.S. military aid requests, 7
      • U.S.-British discussions on Iraq, 136
      • U.S. citizen security in Saudi Arabia, 204, 205
      • U.S. economic and military aid to Oman, 59, 70, 71
      • U.S. health care project aid to Saudi Arabia, 219
      • U.S.-Iraqi relations, 130, 131, 133
      • U.S. military aid to Bahrain, 32
      • U.S. military aid to Egypt, 169
      • U.S. military aid to Israel, 169
      • U.S. military aid to Pakistan, 42, 54
      • U.S. military aid to Saudi Arabia, 146, 155, 167, 168, 169, 199
        • Brown memoranda, 198, 200
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 58, 149, 209
        • Fahd discussions, 148
        • Saud discussions, 172
        • Saudi Arabia visit (1977) discussions, 161
        • West-Fahd discussions, 170
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean, 44
        • Amphibious deployment/ground force exercises, 42, 52
        • Bartholomew Mission discussions, 50, 52
        • Brown memoranda, 27
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 58
        • Diego Garcia base, 26, 42, 126, 127
        • Egyptian role, 74
        • Oman/Somalia/Kenya bases, 42, 50, 59, 70, 73
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 26
        • Special Coordination Committee discussions, 192
        • Vance/Brown memoranda, 30
      • U.S.-Omani security consultations, 13
      • U.S.-Saudi relations:
        • Brzezinski Saudi Arabia visit (1980), 207
        • CIA Intelligence Memoranda, 183
        • Fahd discussions, 148
        • Fahd U.S. visit (1977), 150
        • Presidential Review Committee discussions, 190
        • Saud U.S. visit (1978), 172
        • Saudi Arabia visit (1977), 161
        • Security cooperation, 178, 184, 187
        • West memoranda, 154
      • Yemen crises, 233
    • Veliotes, Nicholas A., 250
    • Vest, George S., 40
    • Voice of America (VOA), 36
    • Von Marbod, Erich, 92, 248, 275
    • Walker, Lannon, 73, 84
    • Warnke, Paul C.:
      • Indian Ocean demilitarization talks:
    • Welch, Maj. Gen. Jasper:
      • Middle East regional security, 63
      • Persian Gulf security framework agency review, 97
      • Soviet role in the Middle East, 91
      • U.S. military aid to Pakistan, 54
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean:
    • West, John C.:
    • White, John:
      • Brown Middle East trip (1979), 17
      • Saudi oil policies, 210
      • Soviet role in the Middle East, 91
      • U.S. military aid to Saudi Arabia, 42, 56, 57
      • U.S. military presence in the Middle East/Indian Ocean, 94
      • U.S.-Saudi relations, 180, 187
      • Yemen crises, 262, 294
    • Whitlam, Gough, 122
    • Wiley, Marshall W.:
      • Middle East regional security, 18
      • Saudi oil policies, 153
      • U.S. bases in Oman, 20, 53, 70, 75, 81
      • U.S. economic and military aid to Oman, 70, 72
      • U.S.-Iraqi relations, 132
      • U.S.-Omani security consultations, 12
    • William, Col. T. O., 268
    • Winn, David M., 7, 12, 233
    • Wisner, Frank G.:
    • Wolfe, Alan, 187
    • Wolff, Lester, 156
    • Wollemborg, Leo R., 184