Index

Note: References are to document numbers

  • Agency for International Development (AID) (see also headings beginning with U.S. economic aid to), 23, 61
  • Agha Khan, Prince Sadruddin (see also UN High Commissioner for Refugees), 79, 81, 96
  • Ahmad, Khondkar Mushtaq, 77, 115, 133, 136, 149, 150, 164
  • Ahmad, M. M.:
    • East Pakistan food relief, 68, 105, 129
    • Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 68, 96, 97
    • Political settlement proposals, 34, 43, 44, 49, 100
  • Ahmed, Tajuddin, 31, 149, 150
  • Aiken, George D., 240
  • Alam, M., 122
  • Ali, M. Hossain, 164
  • Ali, Mahmud, 161
  • Allott, Gordon L., 240
  • Alsop, Joseph, 239
  • Alvie, Momtaz A., 220
  • Amin, Nurul, 247, 276
  • Annenberg, Walter H., 331
  • Armed Forces Policy Council, 234
  • Armitage, John A., 335
  • Atal, J.K., 203, 209
  • Atherton, Alfred L., Jr., 135, 136
  • Awami League (see also Political settlement proposals; Rahman, Sheikh Mujibur ):
    • Banning of, 22, 53, 83, 84
    • East Pakistan takeover, 9
    • Pakistani civil war and, 11, 18, 22
    • Rahman trial, 119, 121, 128, 130, 137
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 105, 111, 121
    • Six-point program, 2, 12, 22, 24, 33, 43, 133
    • U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 31
    • U.S. discussions with, 115
  • Bajwa, Commodore, 102
  • Bangladesh (see also East Pakistan food relief; Indian-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations; Pakistani civil war; U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations):
    • British relations with, 31
    • National Liberation Front, 148
    • Postwar situation, 310, 325, 329
    • Soviet relations with, 32, 319
  • Barber, Anthony, 331
  • Baxter, Craig, 9
  • Beam, Jacob D., 142, 162, 168, 200
  • Belgium. See Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan.
  • Bell, Brian, 19
  • Belousovitch, Igor N., 116
  • Bhashani, Maulana Abdul Hamid, 12
  • Bhutto, Zulfiqar Ali:
  • Blee, David H., 6, 11, 17, 23, 24, 32, 60
  • Blood, Archer K.:
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 21
    • Pakistani civil war, 13, 17, 18, 19, 20, 42, 81
  • Boatner, Colonel, 234
  • Bourquein, Robert L., 19
  • Brandt, Willy, 197
  • Bray, Charles, 17, 48, 213, 218, 238
  • Brett, Brig. Gen. Devol:
  • Brewster, Robert C., 74, 94
  • Brezhnev, Leonid Ilyich, 230, 236, 253, 269, 274, 283, 284
  • Brohi, A. K., 130, 208
  • Bush, George H. W.:
    • Indo-Pakistani war:
      • Cease-fire, 324, 325
      • Cease-fire negotiations, 263, 282, 285, 293
      • Foreign national evacuation, 275
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 289
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 218, 223, 224
    • U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
  • Butcher, W. Scott, 19, 260
  • Canada. See Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan.
  • Carce, Robert, 19
  • Cargill, Peter, 91
  • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA):
    • Indo-Pakistani war, 215, 224, 239, 246, 247
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 60, 194
    • Pakistani civil war, 5, 24
    • Political settlement proposals, 2
    • Soviet-Indian relations, 132
    • U.S. military aid to East Pakistan, 24
  • Central Treaty Organization (CENTO), 125, 248, 255
  • Ceylon, 6, 22
  • Chancellor, John, 315
  • Chapman, General, 234
  • Chʼen Chʼu, 274
  • China, Republic of, 127
  • Chinese influence in Pakistan:
    • Embassy assessments, 34
    • KissingerFarland covert conversation, 42
    • Kissinger memoranda, 36
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 23
    • Soviet-Indian relations and, 87
    • U.S.-Indian discussions, 91, 94
    • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan and, 80
  • Chinese Peopleʼs Republic (see also Chinese influence in Pakistan; U.S. China initiative; Chinese and U.S.-Chinese headings under other topics):
    • Pakistani civil war, 12, 17, 23, 27, 32, 57
    • Soviet-Indian relations and, 132
    • UN Security Council discussions, 228, 229, 232
  • Choudhury, Zakaria, 31
  • Chou En-lai, 99, 103, 106
  • Cochran, Douglas M., 61, 116
  • Congress, U.S.:
    • Indo-Pakistani war and, 221, 240
    • U.S. aid to West Pakistan and, 105, 144, 235
    • U.S. economic aid to India cutoff and, 223, 240, 248
    • U.S. relief aid and, 155
  • Connally, John B., Jr., 3, 237, 251, 256
  • Connell, Col. James, 6, 32, 105, 111, 120
  • Constable, Peter:
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 114, 171, 176
    • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 131, 139
    • West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 136, 149, 150, 164, 171
  • Cotton, Norris H., 240
  • Crane, Kent, 17
  • Crocker, Chester A., 194
  • Cromer, Earl of, 154, 331
  • Cummings, Theodore, 42
  • Curran, Robert T., 140, 196
  • Cushman, Lt. Gen. Robert E., Jr.:
  • Dam, Kenneth, 120
  • Davies, Rodger P., 49, 160, 164, 207, 335
  • Davis, Jeanne W.:
  • DePalma, Samuel:
  • Dhar, D. P., 275, 282
  • Dobrynin, Anatoliy F.:
  • Douglas-Home, Sir Alec, 44, 81, 154, 331
  • East Pakistan food relief (see also Bangladesh), 68
  • Eliot, Theodore L., Jr.:
    • East Pakistan food relief, 61
    • Indo-Pakistani war, 202, 218, 235, 248, 326
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 51, 140, 161
    • Pakistani civil war, 16
    • Political settlement proposals, 136, 152
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 209
    • U.S. economic aid to India, 140
    • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 218, 248
  • Farland, Joseph S.:
    • East Pakistan food relief, 102, 129
    • Indo-Pakistani war:
      • Cease-fire, 321, 323
      • Cease-fire negotiations:
      • Escalation (Nov.–Dec., 1971), 196, 203, 204
      • Kashmir, 210
      • Military situation, 220
      • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 243
      • West Pakistani military aid requests, 222, 242, 260, 299, 313
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 21, 109, 177
    • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 21
    • Pakistani civil war, 34
      • Atrocities, 13, 19, 22, 42, 54
      • Foreign national evacuation, 18, 21, 323
      • Indian military aid to East Pakistan, 47
      • Kissinger covert conversation, 42
      • Military situation, 22
      • NSC staff analysis, 28
      • Voice of America broadcast, 17
    • Political settlement proposals:
      • Pre-civil war negotiations, 22
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 53, 129, 187
      • West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 133, 136, 187, 192, 193, 259, 271
    • Postwar situation, 328, 333, 334
    • Rahman trial, 130, 159, 208
    • Refugee issue, 47, 54, 66, 81, 129
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 197
    • U.S. aid to West Pakistan, 42, 138, 173, 222, 242, 260
    • U.S. China initiative, 42, 112
    • U.S. economic aid to Bangladesh, 2
    • West Pakistani political situation, 102, 333
  • Farman Ali Khan, Maj. Gen. Rao, 263, 296, 300, 301
  • Ferrar, Curtis, 68
  • Firyubin, Nikolai Pavlovich, 174
  • 40 Committee, 24
  • France (see also Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan), 228, 230, 232, 266
  • Frelinghuysen, Peter, 160, 221
  • Fulbright, J. William, 240
  • Fuller, Alexander S. C., 30, 35, 68
  • Furlong, Col., 234
  • Galbraith, John Kenneth, 146, 147
  • Gallagher, Cornelius E., 105
  • Gallagher Amendment, 105
  • Gandhi, Indira (see also Gandhi U.S. visit; Nixon–Gandhi correspondence):
    • Bangladesh recognition, 232
    • Elections (Mar. 1971), 7, 64, 72
    • Indo-Pakistani war:
      • Cease-fire declaration, 320
      • Chinese role, 246, 267
      • Escalation (Nov.–Dec., 1971), 198, 211
      • Full-scale attack (Dec. 3, 1971), 215
      • Indian Cabinet meeting, 247, 274
      • Military situation, 234
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 57, 91, 94, 117, 191, 193
    • Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 91
    • Pakistani civil war, 12, 46, 98
    • Postwar situation, 334
    • Rahman trial, 118, 137
    • Refugee issue, 91, 95
    • Soviet-Indian relations, 132, 134
  • Gandhi U.S. visit:
    • Analysis, 183
    • NixonGandhi correspondence, 189
    • NixonKissinger conversations, 180, 239
    • Nixon meeting, 179, 180
    • Planning, 95, 128, 134, 146, 151, 162, 171
    • Rogers meeting, 181
    • U.S.-British discussions, 154
    • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 177, 193
  • Garvey, Sir Terrence, 308
  • Geneva Convention, 261
  • German Federal Republic (see also Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan), 197
  • Gordon, David, 34
  • Gordon, Herbert, 115
  • Graham, John, 331
  • Graham, Katherine, 69
  • Grant, Lindsay, 120
  • Great Britain (see also Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan):
    • Bangladesh recognition issue, 31
    • Indo-Pakistani war, 302, 310, 315
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 111
    • Pakistani civil war, 6, 11
    • Political settlement proposals, 81, 82, 92, 154
    • Postwar situation, 331
    • Refugee issue, 96
    • UN Security Council discussions, 228, 230, 232
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 197
  • Green, Marshall, 4
  • Greenhill, Sir Denis, 331
  • Greenwald, G. Jonathan, 77
  • Griffel, Eric, 19
  • Griffin, Robert P., 240
  • Gromyko, Andrei A.:
  • Gross, Nelson G., 133
  • Guthrie, Keith, 11, 17, 126
  • Hackett, James, 159
  • Hahn, Zachary M., 19
  • Haig, Brig. Gen. Alexander M., Jr.:
    • East Pakistan food relief, 37
    • Indo-Pakistani war:
      • Cease-fire, 323
      • Cease-fire negotiations, 284, 294, 296, 302, 303, 305, 317
      • Military situation, 296
      • NSC meeting, 237
      • NixonGandhi correspondence, 326
      • U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274, 281
      • U.S. démarches, 196
      • U.S. military intervention, 281
      • U.S. public relations, 281
      • U.S. Seventh Fleet movements, 294, 298
      • U.S.-Soviet discussions, 249, 286, 290, 291
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 293
      • WSAG meetings, 196, 198, 218, 224, 235
      • West Pakistani military aid requests, 313
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
      • Indian embassy instructions, 114
      • NSC discussions, 103
      • NSC staff analysis, 143
      • U.S. contingency planning, 185
      • U.S. de-escalation proposals, 168
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 97
      • WSAG meetings, 194
    • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 40
    • Pakistani civil war, 36, 98
    • Postwar situation, 327
    • Refugee issue, 38, 67, 97
    • UN General Assembly discussion proposals, 235
    • UN Security Council discussions, 224
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194
    • U.S. aid to India, 212, 235
    • U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 122
    • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 78, 80, 138, 235, 273, 274
  • Haksar, Parmeshwar Narain, 90, 91, 134, 146, 308, 311
  • Haldeman, H. R., 25
  • Halperin, David R., 42
  • Hannah, John A.:
    • East Pakistan food relief, 111, 144, 155
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 144
    • Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 44
    • Refugee aid, 155
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 111
    • U.S. economic aid to India, 3, 224
  • Haq, Maj. Gen. Inam-ul, 138, 139, 144, 145
  • Hardin, Clifford M., 3, 44
  • Harshbarger, Jake, 19
  • Hassan, Lt. Gen. Gul, 329
  • Heath, Edward, 11, 331
  • Helms, Richard M.:
    • East Pakistan food relief, 111, 144
    • Indo-Pakistani war:
      • Cease-fire negotiations, 263, 285
      • Chinese role, 282
      • Indian blockade, 235, 248
      • NSC meeting, 237
      • U.S. economic aid to India cutoff, 235
      • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 235, 248, 255
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 60
      • Military preparations, 159
      • NSC discussions, 103
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 105
      • U.S. contingency planning, 88, 126
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 110
      • WSAG meetings, 126, 144, 159
    • Pakistani civil war, 11
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 105, 111
    • UN Security Council discussions, 224
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 218
  • Henry, Paul Marc, 263, 307
  • Hersh, Seymour, 93
  • Hilaly, Agha:
    • Pakistani civil war, 16, 35
    • Political settlement proposals, 22, 24, 43, 44
    • Rahman trial, 130
    • Refugee issue, 35, 100, 104
    • U.S. aid to West Pakistan, 107, 131, 138, 141
    • U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 31
  • Hillenbrand, Martin J., 331
  • Holmes, James H., 201
  • Hoskinson, Samuel M.:
    • East Pakistan food relief, 23, 89, 144, 172
    • Gandhi U.S. visit, 179
    • Indo-Pakistani war, 196, 198, 235, 248
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
    • Irwin India visit, 141
    • Pakistani civil war, 5, 6, 11, 13, 27, 32, 87
    • Political settlement proposals, 2, 5, 141
    • Refugee issue, 52, 71, 89
    • Soviet-Indian relations, 135, 174
    • UN General Assembly discussion proposals, 235
    • UN Security Council discussions, 224
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194, 209, 218
    • U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 2, 5, 6
    • U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan, 28
    • U.S. military a to West Pakistan, 50, 173
      • Indo-Pakistani war and, 235, 248
      • U.S.-Soviet discussions, 135
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 138, 141, 145
  • Huang Hua, 274, 281
  • Hubbard, Henry, 324
  • Hussein (King of Jordan), 222
  • Indian-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations:
    • Awami League position, 115
    • Kissinger memoranda, 36, 127
    • Military aid:
      • Embassy assessments, 34
      • Farland consultations, 109
      • Kissinger memoranda, 36
      • Kissinger South Asia trip briefing, 83
      • Refugee issue and, 47, 52, 81
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 105
      • Soviet support, 87, 98
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 39, 147
    • NSC staff analysis, 27
    • Post-cease-fire, 310, 325, 332
    • Provisional government, 31, 35
    • Recognition, 148, 232, 234, 235, 242, 282
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 17, 23
    • U.S.-Indian discussions, 74, 282
    • WSAG meetings, 11, 60, 235
    • West Pakistani responses, 235, 242
  • India (see also Indian-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations; Indo-Pakistani war; Indo-Pakistani war possibility; Soviet-Indian relations; Indian and U.S.-Indian headings under other topics):
  • Indian-West Pakistani pre-civil-war relations, 2, 6, 46
  • Indo-Pakistani war (see also Kashmir issue; UN Security Council discussions):
  • Indo-Pakistani war possibility (see also Indo-Pakistani war; UN Security Council meeting proposals), 51
    • Border incidents, 30, 35, 104, 105, 111, 120
    • Chinese role (see also under Indo-Pakistani war):
      • Farland consultations, 109, 112
      • Haig memorandum, 98
      • NSC staff analysis, 103, 143, 158
      • U.S.-Chinese discussions, 99
      • U.S. contingency planning, 101
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 93, 143, 146
      • WSAG meetings, 159
    • Embassy assessments, 64, 70
    • Farland consultations, 109, 112
    • Indian embassy instructions, 114
    • Kissinger memoranda, 127
    • Kissinger South Asia trip briefing, 83
    • Military preparations (see also U.S. de-escalation proposals below):
      • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 161, 169
      • NSC staff analysis, 148
      • State Department instructions, 159, 160
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 167, 168
      • U.S.-Soviet discussions, 163
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 165
      • WSAG meetings, 159
    • Military situation, 183, 191, 194, 195, 196
    • NSC discussions, 103
    • NixonGandhi correspondence, 59, 62, 117
    • NixonKissinger conversations, 55, 59, 65, 108, 162
    • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 16, 21, 56, 96, 161, 169, 175
    • NSC staff analysis, 13, 57, 143
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 17, 105, 111, 121
    • Soviet role, 57, 70, 112, 148, 174
    • Special National Intelligence Estimates, 27
    • U Thant mediation offer, 171, 176
    • UNHCR discussions, 79
    • U.S.-Awami League discussions, 115
    • U.S.-British discussions, 111
    • U.S. China initiative and, 65, 69
    • U.S.-Chinese discussions, 126, 142, 183
    • U.S. contingency planning, 51, 88, 101, 125, 126, 142, 183
    • U.S. de-escalation proposals:
      • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 175
      • NSC staff analysis, 157
      • Rogers memorandum, 171
      • U.S.-Chinese discussions, 194
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 168, 179, 181
      • U.S.-Soviet discussions, 168, 190
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 165, 176, 177, 178
    • U.S.-Indian discussions, 12, 39, 52, 69, 90, 91, 94, 104, 110, 117, 143, 162, 179, 182
    • U.S. mediation, 51, 52, 53, 58
    • U.S. military aid to East Pakistan, 24
    • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan and, 60, 101, 125
    • U.S.-Soviet discussions:
      • KissingerDobrynin discussions, 124
      • NixonGromyko meeting, 153
      • NSC staff analysis, 101, 142
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 105, 111
      • State Department instructions, 160
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 184
      • WSAG meetings, 126, 144, 159, 183
    • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 35, 96, 97, 182, 186
    • WSAG meetings, 57, 60, 126, 140, 144, 159
  • Interdepartmental Group for Near East and South Asia (IG) policy review, 23, 26, 28, 32
  • International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), 35
  • International Development Association. See Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan.
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF), 42, 68
  • Iran, 23, 111, 159, 160
  • Irwin, John N., II:
    • East Pakistan food relief, 68
      • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 123, 206
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 23, 111, 120
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 35, 147
      • WSAG meetings, 144
    • India visit, 141
    • Indo-Pakistani war:
      • Cease-fire negotiations, 264, 285
      • Escalation (Nov.–Dec., 1971), 196, 198, 205, 206, 207
      • Foreign national evacuation, 261
      • U.S. démarches, 196
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 202, 262, 289
      • U.S. Seventh Fleet movements, 304
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 201
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 105
    • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 40
    • Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 68, 120
    • Political settlement proposals:
      • 40 Committee meeting, 24
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 49
      • West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 133, 149, 150, 171
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 23, 32, 105, 111, 120, 121
    • Soviet-Indian relations, 116, 132
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194, 196, 209, 213, 218
    • U.S. economic aid to India, 213, 218
    • U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan, 218
    • U.S. military aid to East Pakistan, 24, 32
    • U.S. military aid to India, 209, 212, 213
    • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 78, 144, 173, 255, 260
  • Islam, Syed Nazrul, 77, 119, 149, 150, 164, 177
  • Israel, 251
  • Italy (see also Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan), 302
  • Jackson, Robert A., 19
  • Japan. See Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan.
  • Javits, Jacob, 316
  • Jha, Lakshmi Kant:
    • East Pakistan food relief, 35, 147
    • Gandhi U.S. visit, 146, 162, 179
    • Indian-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 64
    • Indian elections (Mar. 1971), 7
    • Indo-Pakistani war:
      • Cease-fire, 317
      • Indian blockade, 235
      • NixonGandhi correspondence, 226, 314
      • U.S. aircraft destruction, 292
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 245, 262, 289
      • U.S. Seventh Fleet movements, 304
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 69, 93, 104, 117, 182
    • Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 147
    • Pakistani civil war, 35
    • Political settlement proposals, 105, 147
    • Rahman trial, 119
    • Refugee issue, 35, 52, 73, 74, 147
    • Soviet-Indian relations, 134
    • UN Security Council discussions, 245
    • U.S. China initiative, 106
    • U.S.-Indian relations, 235, 309, 317
    • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 78, 105, 134, 173
  • Johnson, Peter B., 190
  • Johnson, U. Alexis, 4, 164
    • Indo-Pakistani war:
      • Blockade, 248
      • Cease-fire negotiations, 263, 264, 285
      • Foreign national evacuation, 261
      • Minority protection, 261
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 60
      • Border incidents, 30
      • Indian embassy instructions, 114
      • NSC discussions, 103
      • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 161
      • State Department instructions, 114, 159, 160
      • WSAG meetings, 159
    • Nixon-WSAG relationship, 258
    • Pakistani civil war, 6, 11, 17
    • Political settlement proposals, 159
    • Postwar humanitarian issues, 335
    • Rahman trial, 137
    • UN General Assembly discussion proposals, 235
    • U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 306
    • U.S. economic aid to India, 235
    • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 235, 248, 260
  • Jordanian military aid to West Pakistan:
    • Haig memorandum, 273
    • NixonKissinger conversations, 223, 251, 256, 266
    • U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
    • U.S.-Iranian discussions, 250
    • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 222
    • WSAG meetings, 235, 248, 255
  • Kammon, Curtis W., 168
  • Karamessines, Thomas H., 60
  • Kashmir issue:
    • Armed Forces Policy Council meetings, 234
    • Indian-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations and, 17
    • NSC meeting, 237
    • U.S.-Indian discussions, 262, 289
    • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 210
    • WSAG meetings, 235, 248, 255
  • Kaul, Triloki Nath (T. N.):
    • Bangladesh recognition, 148
    • East Pakistan food relief, 147
    • Gandhi U.S. visit, 179
    • Indo-Pakistani war, 282
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 21, 167, 168
    • Pakistani civil war, 12, 39
    • Political situation, 146
    • Rahman trial, 137
    • Refugee issue, 12, 47, 79
    • Soviet-Indian relations, 134
    • UN Security Council discussions, 235
    • U.S. military aid to India, 212, 214
    • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 90, 92
  • Kay, Capt. Howard N.:
  • Keating, Kenneth B.:
    • East Pakistan food relief, 147
    • Gandhi U.S. visit, 179
    • Indo-Pakistani war, 203, 211, 248, 261, 302, 308, 311
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 21, 64, 65, 108, 167, 191, 193
    • Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 64, 91
    • Pakistani civil war, 12, 28, 42
    • Postwar situation, 334
    • Refugee issue, 30, 38, 39, 74, 95
    • UN Security Council discussions, 235
    • U.S. aid to West Pakistan, 28, 64, 65, 72, 92
    • U.S.-Indian relations, 121, 151
    • U.S. military aid to India, 212, 214
  • Kellogg, Francis L., 81
  • Kennedy, David M., 331
  • Kennedy, Edward, 20, 78, 144
  • Kennedy, Col. Richard T.:
    • East Pakistan food relief, 120, 144
    • Indo-Pakistani war, 209, 213, 218, 224, 235, 248
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
      • Chinese role, 158
      • Military situation, 183
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 105
      • U.S. contingency planning, 101, 125, 126, 183
      • U.S. de-escalation proposals, 157
      • WSAG meetings, 57, 126, 144, 159, 183
    • Pakistani civil war, 6, 11, 17, 32
    • UN Security Council discussions, 224, 235
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 218
    • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 50
  • Kennedy Amendment, 144
  • Khan, General Abdul Hamid, 220
  • Khan, Lt. Gen. Tikka, 12, 34, 35, 102, 129
  • Khar, Mustafa, 333
  • Kissinger, Henry A. (see also Kissinger South Asia trip):
    • Chinese influence in Pakistan, 36, 42
    • East Pakistan food relief, 36, 48, 67
      • Eliot memorandum, 61
      • NSC staff analysis, 89
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 23, 105, 111, 120, 121
      • WSAG meetings, 144
    • Gandhi U.S. visit, 146, 162, 180, 239
    • Indian-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 11, 17, 36, 87, 123
    • Indian elections (Mar. 1971), 7
    • Indo-Pakistani war:
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
    • Interdepartmental Group policy review, 23, 26, 28, 32
    • NixonGandhi correspondence, 189, 205, 319
    • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 16, 40, 76
    • Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 91, 96, 113, 120
    • Pakistani civil war, 8, 10, 26, 36, 127
      • Atrocities, 13, 15, 19, 20, 25, 42, 60
      • Embassy assessments, 28, 34
      • Farland covert conversation, 42
      • Nixon conversations, 14, 15, 25
      • NSC staff analysis, 5, 27, 33
      • Overview, 1
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 17
      • WSAG meetings, 11
      • Williams report, 188
    • Political settlement proposals:
      • 40 Committee meeting, 24
      • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 40
      • Pre-civil war negotiations, 2, 8
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 111
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 52, 92, 94
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 43, 49, 129, 184
      • West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals:
        • Nixon conversations, 256
        • NSC staff analysis, 122
        • U.S.-British discussions, 154
        • U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
        • U.S. public relations, 235
        • U.S.-Soviet discussions, 272
        • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 133, 184, 187, 192, 193, 259, 271
        • WSAG meetings, 183
    • Postwar situation, 329, 331, 332, 334
    • Rahman trial, 119, 130, 137, 144
    • Refugee issue, 127
      • NSC staff analysis, 71
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 111
      • U.S. aid, 48, 67, 71, 72, 73, 89, 144, 155
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 52, 73, 91, 95
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 96, 97, 100, 103, 104
      • West Pakistan comprehensive package proposal, 111, 112
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 17, 23, 32, 105, 111, 120, 121
    • Soviet-Indian relations, 124, 132, 134, 135, 223, 275
    • UN General Assembly discussion proposals, 235
    • UN General Assembly discussions, 247, 274
    • UN Security Council discussions, 232
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 214, 282
    • U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 10
      • Economic aid, 235
      • Embassy assessments, 34
      • Pakistani civil war and, 23
      • Pre-civil war negotiations and, 2, 5, 6, 11
      • Recognition, 266
    • U.S. China initiative, 20, 42, 85, 96, 99, 112, 227
    • U.S. economic aid to India, 3
    • U.S. economic aid to India cutoff:
    • U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan, 26, 36, 113
      • Farland covert conversation, 42
      • Nixon conversations, 25
      • Refugee issue and, 71
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 32
      • U.S. Indian embassy position, 72
      • WSAG meetings, 11, 196
    • U.S. military aid to East Pakistan, 24, 25
    • U.S. military aid to India, 209, 212, 213, 216, 274
    • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 36, 50, 78, 113
      • Embassy assessment, 64
      • Indo-Pakistani war and:
        • Requests, 218, 222, 242, 313
        • Third-country transfer:
          • Haig memorandum, 273
          • Nixon conversations, 223, 251, 256, 266
          • U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
          • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 222
          • WSAG meetings, 235, 248, 255
      • NSC staff analysis, 173
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 32, 105
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 90, 92, 94, 105, 134
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 138, 144, 145
  • Kissinger South Asia trip:
  • Kittni, Ismat, 68, 81
  • Knowles, Lt. Gen. Richard T., 17
  • Koegel, Lawrence, 19
  • Kosygin, Aleksei N., 87, 98, 207, 218, 231, 244, 312
  • Kutakhov, Marshal Pavel, 174
  • Kux, Dennis, 96
  • Kuznetsov, Vasiliy, 200, 279, 282, 319
  • Laingen, L. Bruce:
    • East Pakistan food relief, 144
    • Gandhi U.S. visit, 181
    • Indo-Pakistani war:
      • Escalation (Nov.-Dec., 1971), 196, 198, 206
      • Minority protection, 261
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 201
      • WSAG meetings, 209, 218, 248
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 182
      • Military situation, 183
      • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 169
      • State Department instructions, 160
      • U.S. de-escalation proposals, 168, 171, 176
      • WSAG meetings, 144
    • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 219
    • Postwar humanitarian issues, 335
    • Rahman trial, 137
    • Soviet-Indian relations, 116
    • UN Security Council discussions, 224, 235
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 213, 218
    • U.S. aid to India, 213, 224
    • U.S. aid to West Pakistan, 107, 260
    • West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 136, 149, 150, 164, 171
  • Laird, Melvin R., 50, 80, 88, 198, 234, 304
  • Lall, K. B., 224, 261
  • Lescaze, Lee, 184
  • Livesay, R. Eugene, 234
  • Lord, Winston, 274
  • Luppi, Hobart, 53, 54
  • Lyerly, J. Edward, 77
  • MacDonald, Donald G.:
  • Maitland, Donald, 331
  • Malik, A. M.:
    • East Pakistan food relief, 102
    • East Pakistan governorship appointment, 129, 141, 147
    • Indo-Pakistani war, 296, 300, 301
    • Resignation, 300
  • Malik, H. R., 81, 102
  • Malpeli, Joseph A., 19
  • Manekshaw, Gen. Sam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji, 60, 103, 159, 311
  • Mansfield, Mike, 240, 248
  • Mansfield amendment, 248
  • Matskevich, Vladimir, 257, 274
  • McCleary, Willard D., 19
  • McDonald, Donald, 105
  • McDonnell, James P., 261
  • McGinnis, John, 111
  • McNamara, Robert S., 42, 112
  • Mehta, G. L., 151
  • Menon, Rukmini, 92
  • Miklos, Jack C., 160
  • Mitchell, John, 251
  • Mondale, Walter, 78
  • Moon, Peter James, 331
  • Moorer, Adm. Thomas H.:
    • East Pakistan food relief, 144
    • Indo-Pakistani war, 196, 198, 209, 213, 218, 255, 263, 285
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
    • Political settlement proposals, 24
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 105, 120, 121
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194, 213, 218
    • U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 23, 24
  • Morse, F. Bradford, 221
  • Mosbacher, Emil, Jr., 162
  • Mujib. See Rahman, Sheikh Mujibur.
  • Mukti Bahini (see also Military preparations under Indo-Pakistani war possibility), 115, 159, 160, 163, 164, 170, 325
  • Mushtaq Ahmad, Khondkar. See Ahmad, Khondkar Mushtaq .
  • Myers, Desaix, 19
  • Narayan, Jayaprakash, 39, 52
  • National Awami Party, 22
  • National Security Council (NSC) (see also Hoskinson, Samuel M. ; Saunders, Harold H. ):
  • National Security Study Memoranda:
  • Nesvig, John L., 19
  • Netherlands. See Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan.
  • Niazi, Lt. Gen., 300, 308, 310, 311
  • Nixon, Richard M. (see also Nixon–Gandhi correspondence; Nixon–Yahya Khan correspondence):
  • NixonGandhi correspondence:
  • NixonYahya Khan correspondence:
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 255
  • Noyes, James H.:
  • Nutter, G. Warren, 24, 45
    • Armed Forces Policy Council meetings, 234
    • Cease-fire negotiations, 263, 285
    • East Pakistan food relief, 23, 144
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 144
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 32, 111
    • UN Security Council discussions, 224
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 218
  • Overton, Hugh, 331
  • Packard, David:
  • Pakistan. See Bangladesh; Indo-Pakistani war; Indo-Pakistani war possibility; Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan; Pakistani civil war; U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan; U.S. military aid to West Pakistan; West Pakistani political situation; West Pakistani and U.S.-West Pakistani headings under other topics
  • Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan:
    • British position, 44, 91
    • Embassy assessment, 64
    • Irwin memorandum, 68
    • KissingerFarland covert conversation, 42
    • Kissinger memoranda, 113
    • Kissinger South Asia trip briefing, 83
    • Political settlement proposals and, 68, 82, 85
    • Refugee issue and, 71
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 120
    • U.S.-Indian discussions, 91, 147
    • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 42, 44, 96, 97, 100, 129
    • WSAG meetings, 144
    • Williams West Pakistan visit and, 144
  • Pakistani civil war (see also Indo-Pakistani war possibility):
    • Atrocities, 13, 18, 22, 42, 72, 46, 109
      • Refugee issue and, 47, 74
      • U.S. Dacca Consulate dissent, 19, 20, 25
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 54, 66, 81
      • WSAG meetings, 60
      • Williams report, 188
    • British mediation possibility, 6, 11
    • Ceylonese role, 6, 22
    • Chinese role, 12, 17, 23, 27, 32, 57
    • East Pakistani guerrilla activity (see also Military preparations under Indo-Pakistani war possibility), 109, 115, 144, 147, 159, 160, 163, 170, 188
    • Embassy assessments, 28, 34, 72
    • Foreign national evacuation, 10, 11, 15, 17, 18, 21
    • Indian military aid to East Pakistan:
      • Embassy assessments, 34
      • Farland consultations, 109
      • Kissinger memoranda, 36
      • Kissinger South Asia trip briefing, 83
      • Refugee issue and, 47, 52, 81, 109
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 105
      • Soviet support, 87, 98
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 39, 147
    • KissingerFarland covert conversation, 42
    • Kissinger memoranda, 8, 10, 26, 36, 127
    • Military situation, 22, 23, 32, 34, 35
    • National Security Study Memorandum No. 118 , 2, 5, 6
    • NixonKissinger conversations, 14, 15, 25
    • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 16, 21, 23, 26, 29, 41
    • NSC staff analysis, 2, 5, 27, 28, 33
    • Rahman arrest, 11, 12, 17, 18, 22, 23, 46
    • Rahman speech (Mar. 7, 1971), 8
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 17, 18, 23, 32, 105
    • Soviet position, 27, 36
    • State Department instructions, 48
    • U.S.-Indian discussions, 11, 12, 35
    • U.S. mediation possibility, 6, 10, 33, 34
    • U.S. military aid to East Pakistan, 24
    • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 35
    • WSAG meetings, 11, 57
    • Williams report, 188
    • World public opinion, 34
  • Papanak, Gus, 91
  • Parr, William Grant, 19
  • Passman, Otto, 221, 223
  • Pickering, Thomas R., 212
  • Podgorny, Nikolai, 19
  • Political settlement proposals:
    • Awami League six-point program, 2, 12, 22, 24, 33, 43, 133
    • Awami League takeover, 9
    • British position, 81, 82, 92, 154
    • Embassy assessments, 22, 34, 64, 72
    • 40 Committee meeting, 24
    • Indian position, 105, 111, 147, 154
    • Kissinger memoranda, 8, 36
    • Kissinger South Asia trip briefing, 83
    • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 29, 40, 56, 85, 152, 169
    • NSC staff analysis, 2, 5, 27, 33
    • Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan and, 68, 82, 85
    • Pre-civil war negotiations, 2, 5, 6, 11
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 23, 105, 111, 112, 121
    • U.S.-Awami League discussions, 115
    • U.S. contingency planning, 101
    • U.S.-Indian discussions, 52, 73, 74, 92, 94, 156
    • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 43, 44, 49, 53, 96, 97, 100, 102, 129, 176
    • West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals:
    • Williams report, 188
    • Williams West Pakistan visit, 144
    • Yahya Khan speech (June 28, 1971), 84
  • Popper, David H., 133
  • Postwar situation:
    • Humanitarian issues, 330, 335
    • Kissinger memoranda, 329, 334
    • U.S.-British discussions, 331
    • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 327, 328
  • Proxmire, William, 144
  • Pursley, Brig. Gen. Robert, 80, 234
  • Qaiyum, Qazi Zahirul, 115, 121, 133, 136, 149, 150, 164
  • Quainton, Anthony C. E.:
  • Rahman, Sheikh Mujibur (Mujib) (see also Awami League):
    • Arrest of, 18, 22
      • Political settlement proposals and, 43, 53, 64
      • Rogers memorandum, 18
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 17, 23
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 12, 46, 53
      • WSAG meetings, 11
    • Awami League takeover, 9
    • Death rumors, 144
    • Formal recognition request and, 77
    • Indo-Pakistani war and, 235
    • Political settlement proposals:
      • Pre-civil war negotiations, 2, 5, 6, 8
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 105
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 12, 94, 162, 179
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 43
      • WSAG meetings, 159
      • West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 115, 122, 156, 164, 166, 176, 184, 209
    • Post-cease-fire government and, 325
    • Postwar release, 328, 329, 332, 333
    • Speech (Mar. 7, 1971), 8
    • Trial of:
      • NixonGandhi correspondence, 119, 128, 137
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 121
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 130, 176, 177, 208
      • WSAG meetings, 144, 159
  • Ram, Jagjivan, 93
  • Rasgotra, Maharajakrishna:
    • East Pakistan food relief, 147
    • Gandhi U.S. visit, 179
    • Indo-Pakistani war, 202
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 30, 182
    • NixonGandhi correspondence, 189
    • Refugee issue, 30, 74
    • U.S. China initiative, 106
    • U.S. military aid to India, 212
  • Ratliffe, Lt. Col. Walter B., 120
  • Raza, Maj. Gen. Nawabzada Agha Mohammad:
    • Appointment, 152
    • Indo-Pakistani war, 201, 276, 298
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 182
    • Postwar situation, 327, 330
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 218
    • U.S. military aid to India, 212
    • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 260, 273
    • West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 184
  • Rees, C. Herbert, 111, 120, 147, 235, 248
  • Refugee issue (see also East Pakistan food relief):
    • British position, 96
    • Embassy assessment, 70
    • Indian military aid to East Pakistan and, 47, 52, 81, 109
    • Kissinger memoranda, 48, 127
    • NixonGandhi correspondence, 46, 52, 62, 86, 128
    • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 56, 63, 76, 85
    • NSC staff analysis, 100, 141, 157
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 17, 105, 111
    • Soviet position, 79
    • Soviet role, Senior Review Group meetings, 105
    • UN role:
      • NixonGandhi correspondence, 62
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 105, 121
      • UNHCR discussions, 79
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 106, 128, 147
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 96, 203
    • U.S. aid:
      • Kissinger memoranda, 48, 67, 155
      • NixonGandhi correspondence, 62
      • NixonHaig conversations, 38
      • NixonKissinger conversations, 72
      • NSC staff analysis, 71, 89
      • Rogers memorandum, 58
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 121
      • Sisco memorandum, 51
      • U.S. contingency planning, 101
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 12, 35, 39, 73, 75, 147, 179
      • U.S. public relations, 233
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 35
      • WSAG meetings, 60, 144, 235, 248
    • U.S.-Indian discussions, 30, 52, 58, 69, 74, 91, 156
    • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 54, 66, 81, 96, 97, 129
    • WSAG meetings, 60, 159
    • West Pakistan comprehensive package proposal, 100, 103, 104, 111, 112
    • Williams report, 188
    • Williams West Pakistan visit and, 141, 144
  • Rhea, Col. Frank W., 11
  • Rogers, William P.:
    • Awami League takeover, 9
    • East Pakistan food relief, 35, 49, 118, 123, 141, 147
    • Foreign national evacuation, 18
    • Gandhi U.S. visit, 181
    • Indian elections (Mar. 1971), 7
    • Indo-Pakistani war:
      • Cease-fire, 323
      • Cease-fire negotiations, 277, 318
      • Indian blockade, 235
      • Military situation, 233
      • NSC meeting, 237
      • NATO briefing, 255
      • U.S. aircraft destruction, 292
      • U.S. démarches, 196
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 202, 245
      • U.S. public relations, 223, 227, 233
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 201
      • West Pakistani military aid requests, 219
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
      • Indian embassy instructions, 114
      • NSC discussions, 103
      • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 118
      • U.S. contingency planning, 88
      • U.S. de-escalation proposals, 168, 171, 190
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 182
      • U.S. mediation, 51, 58
      • U.S.-Soviet discussions, 142, 190
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 182
    • Kissinger South Asia trip, 94
    • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 16, 76, 123, 169, 219
    • Pakistani civil war, 19, 20, 35
    • Political settlement proposals:
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 74, 156
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 44, 49
      • West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 136, 156, 164, 171, 181, 190
      • Yahya Khan speech (June 28, 1971), 84
    • Postwar situation, 330, 331
    • Rahman trial, 130, 137
    • Refugee issue, 35, 38, 48, 51, 74, 75, 79
    • Soviet-Indian relations, 135
    • UN General Assembly discussion proposals, 237
    • UN Security Council discussions, 229, 230, 245
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 161, 217, 218
    • U.S. aid to India, 3, 212, 235, 240, 251
    • U.S. aid to West Pakistan, 74, 78, 107, 113, 135, 139
    • U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 77, 306
    • U.S. China initiative, 106, 227
  • Rose, Clive, 331
  • Ryan, Gen. John D., 183, 185, 248
  • Ryan, Joseph A., 102
  • St. George, William, 23
  • Samuels, Nathaniel, 31
  • Saudi Arabia, 274
  • Saunders, Harold H.:
    • East Pakistan food relief, 23, 89, 123, 144, 172
    • Gandhi U.S. visit, 179
    • Indo-Pakistani war, 196, 198, 219, 235, 248, 261, 313
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
      • Chinese role, 93
      • Embassy assessment, 64
      • Military preparations, 148, 159
      • Military situation, 183, 191, 194
      • NSC discussions, 103
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 105
      • U.S. contingency planning, 101, 142
      • U.S. de-escalation proposals, 176
      • U.S. embassy instructions, 160
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 110, 143
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 96
      • WSAG meetings, 144, 159, 183
    • Interdepartmental Group policy review, 23
    • Irwin India visit, 141
    • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 161, 219
    • Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 91, 96
    • Pakistani civil war, 5, 6, 11, 27, 33, 87, 188
    • Political settlement proposals:
      • 40 Committee meeting, 24
      • Pre-civil war negotiations, 2, 5
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 43, 44, 100
      • West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 141, 149, 150, 164, 184
    • Postwar humanitarian issues, 335
    • Refugee issue, 71, 75, 89, 96, 100, 104
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 23, 32, 105, 111, 120, 121
    • Soviet-Indian relations, 174
    • UN General Assembly discussion proposals, 235
    • UN Security Council discussions, 224
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194, 209, 213, 218
    • U.S. aid to India, 209, 213, 218, 235
    • U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 2, 5, 6, 122, 306
    • U.S. China initiative, 112
    • U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan, 11, 28, 71, 218
    • U.S. military aid to East Pakistan, 24
    • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 50, 173
      • Indo-Pakistani war and, 235, 248
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 90, 92
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 138, 141
  • Scali, John, 223, 225, 239, 324
  • Schlesinger, James R., 32
  • Schneider, David T.:
    • East Pakistan food relief, 23, 144
    • Gandhi U.S. visit, 179, 181
    • Indo-Pakistani war:
      • Foreign national evacuation, 261
      • Minority protection, 261
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 245
      • U.S. Seventh Fleet movements, 304
      • WSAG meetings, 196, 209, 248
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
      • Border incidents, 30
      • Military situation, 183, 194
      • State Department instructions, 160
      • U.S. de-escalation proposals, 168, 171, 176
      • U.S. mediation, 51, 58
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 182
      • WSAG meetings, 144
    • Political settlement proposals, 49, 136, 149, 150, 164, 171
    • Postwar humanitarian issues, 335
    • Rahman trial, 137
    • Refugee issue, 74, 75, 79
    • Soviet-Indian relations, 116
    • UN Security Council discussions, 224
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194, 213, 218
    • U.S. aid to India, 212, 213, 218, 224
    • U.S. China initiative, 106
  • Scott, William, 221
  • Selden, Armistead I., Jr.:
  • Senior Review Group meetings:
  • Shahi, Agha, 60, 263, 276
  • Shih Yen-hua, 274
  • Shoaib, Mohammed, 111
  • Shultz, George P., 67, 155
  • Simon, Donald J., 77
  • Simpson, Richard L., 19
  • Simpson, Robert C., 19
  • Singh, Dinesh, 12, 134
  • Singh, J. J., 151
  • Singh, Swaran, 64
    • Indian military aid to East Pakistan, 39, 87, 98
    • Indo-Pakistani war, 203, 248, 282, 289, 325
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 143, 167, 168
    • Pakistani civil war, 12
    • Political settlement proposals, 73, 74, 92, 94, 156
    • Refugee issue, 73, 74, 156
    • Soviet-Indian relations, 116
    • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 78, 92, 94
  • Sinha, R. P., 151
  • Sisco, Joseph J., 4
    • Awami League takeover, 9
    • East Pakistan food relief, 23, 105, 120, 123, 144
    • Foreign national evacuation, 18
    • Gandhi U.S. visit, 179
    • Indian elections (Mar. 1971), 7
    • Indo-Pakistani war:
      • Cease-fire, 323
      • Cease-fire negotiations, 263, 264, 285, 317, 318
      • Escalation (Nov.–Dec., 1971), 205, 206, 207
      • Indian blockade, 235
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 202, 245, 262
      • U.S. public relations, 223, 228
      • U.S. Seventh Fleet movements, 304
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 201
      • West Pakistani UN observer request, 209
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
      • Kissinger South Asia trip briefing, 83
      • NSC discussions, 103
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 105
      • U.S. de-escalation proposals, 176
      • U.S. mediation, 51
      • U.S.-Soviet discussions, 126, 142
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 182
      • WSAG meetings, 126, 144, 183
    • Interdepartmental Group policy review, 23, 28
    • Kissinger South Asia trip, 83
    • Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 68, 83, 120
    • Pakistani civil war, 5, 18, 35
    • Political settlement proposals:
      • Embassy assessment, 22
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 121
      • West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 133, 141, 149, 150, 156, 164, 183
      • Yahya Khan speech (June 28, 1971), 84
    • Rahman trial, 137, 144
    • Refugee issue, 35, 45, 51, 54, 73, 74, 79
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 23, 105, 120, 121
    • UN General Assembly discussion proposals, 235
    • UN Security Council discussions, 224
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 183, 194, 198, 209, 213, 218
    • U.S. aid to India, 209, 212, 213, 218, 224, 235
    • U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 23
    • U.S. China initiative, 106
    • U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan, 218
    • U.S. military aid to East Pakistan, 24
    • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 105, 131, 138, 141, 144, 235, 248, 260
  • Smith, R. Grant, 30
  • Smith, Wayne S., 116
  • Sober, Sidney, 6, 49, 160, 161, 164, 263
  • Sonnenfeldt, Helmut, 132, 331
  • South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), 125, 248
  • Soviet-Indian relations:
    • Kissinger memoranda, 275
    • Kuznetsov visit, 279, 282
    • Nixon briefing, 174
    • NixonKissinger conversations, 223
    • Pakistani civil war and, 87
    • Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Cooperation, 116, 117, 121, 132
    • U.S.-British discussions, 331
    • U.S.-Indian discussions, 134
    • U.S.-Soviet discussions, 124, 135, 190
  • Soviet Union (see also Soviet-Indian relations; Soviet and U.S.-Soviet headings under other topics), 19
    • Bangladeshi relations with, 32, 319
    • Indian military aid to East Pakistan and, 87, 98
    • NixonBrezhnev correspondence, 230, 236, 253, 269, 274, 283, 284, 286
    • Pakistani civil war, 27, 36
    • Refugee issue, 79
    • U.S. relations with:
      • Kissinger visit, 231
      • Moscow summit, 251, 252, 305, 316
      • NixonKissinger conversations, 239
      • Stans visit, 244
  • Special National Intelligence Estimate No. 32–71, Apr. 12, 1971, “Prospects for Pakistan,” 27
  • Spengler, William F.:
    • Awami League takeover, 9
    • East Pakistan food relief, 61
    • Foreign national evacuation, 18
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 51
    • Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 68
    • Political settlement proposals, 49
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 6
    • U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 31, 77
  • Spivack, Herbert D., 170, 176, 296, 300, 301, 307
  • Stans, Maurice, 244
  • Stennis, John C., 240
  • Stone, Galen L., 39, 47, 70, 74, 168
  • Subramaniam, Chidambara, 92
  • Sufi, M. H., 100
  • Sultan Khan, Mohammad Indo-Pakistani war, 208, 220, 264, 293, 300, 323
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 97, 148, 186
    • Pakistani civil war, 21
    • Political settlement proposals, 34
    • Refugee issue, 81, 96, 97
    • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 138, 313
    • West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 183, 184
  • Suttor, Richard E., 19
  • Swayze, Townsend, 68
  • Swedengurg, Wayne A., 19
  • Tʼang Wenʼsheng, 274
  • Thant, U:
  • Thornton, Thomas, 6, 23, 32, 60, 61, 105, 111
  • Tibet, 127
  • Trend, Sir Burke, 331
  • Trueworthy, Orson, 335
  • Turkey, 274
  • UN General Assembly discussions:
    • Indian position on resolution, 267
    • Kissinger memoranda, 247
    • Proposals, 232, 235, 237
    • U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
    • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 254
    • WSAG meetings, 248
    • West Pakistan resolution acceptance, 262, 263
  • UN High Commissioner for Refugees (see also Aga Khan, Prince Sadruddin ), 39, 45, 48, 51, 54, 79, 101
  • United Kingdom. See Great Britain.
  • United Nations (UN) (see also UN General Assembly discussions; UN Security Council discussions; UN Security Council meeting proposals):
  • UN Security Council discussions (see also Cease-fire and Cease-fire negotiations under Indo-Pakistani war):
  • UN Security Council meeting proposals (see also UN Security Council discussions):
    • Kissinger memoranda, 214, 282
    • KissingerRogers conversation, 217
    • NixonGandhi correspondence, 189
    • NixonKissinger conversations, 216, 223, 278
    • NixonRogers discussion, 199
    • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 161
    • Rogers memorandum, 171
    • U Thant discussions, 118
    • U.S.-British discussions, 197
    • U.S. contingency planning, 101, 125, 142
    • WSAG meetings, 183, 194, 196, 198, 209, 213, 218, 224
  • U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations:
    • Economic aid, 2, 34, 235
    • Embassy assessment, 64
    • Embassy assessments, 28, 34, 64
    • Kissinger memoranda, 10
    • Military aid, 24
    • Pakistani civil war and, 23
    • Pre-civil war negotiations and, 2, 5
    • Recognition, 6, 11, 77, 266, 306
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 32
    • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 31, 133
  • U.S. China initiative:
    • Farland consultations, 112
    • Indo-Pakistani war, 251, 274, 281
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility and, 65, 69
    • KissingerRogers conversation, 227
    • Kissinger South Asia trip and, 85, 96, 99, 100, 103, 106
    • Pakistani civil war and, 20, 42
    • U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan and, 72
    • U.S.-Indian discussions, 106
  • U.S. economic aid to India (see also U.S. aid under Refugee issue):
  • U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan (see also Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan):
    • Cutoff, 195, 196, 218
    • Embassy assessments, 28, 34, 64, 72
    • Gallagher Amendment, 105, 144
    • KissingerFarland covert conversation, 42
    • Kissinger memoranda, 26, 36, 113
    • NixonKissinger conversations, 25, 113
    • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 41
    • Pakistani civil war and, 13
    • Postwar, 333, 335
    • Refugee issue and, 71
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 32, 105
    • U.S. China initiative and, 72
    • U.S. contingency planning, 101
    • U.S.-Indian discussions, 74
    • U.S. military aid and, 131, 138, 141, 144
    • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 53, 81, 107
    • WSAG meetings, 11
    • World Bank position, 42, 112
  • U.S.-Indian relations (see also Gandhi U.S. visit; U.S. economic aid to India; U.S. military aid to India):
    • Bilateral talks, 24, 39
    • Embassy assessment, 64
    • Indian public opinion, 151
    • Indo-Pakistani war and, 308, 314
    • Irwin visit, 141
  • U.S. military aid to India:
    • Air Defense Agreement, 125, 158
    • Chinese role and, 101
    • Cutoff:
      • Farland recommendation, 204
      • NixonKissinger conversations, 216
      • U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
      • U.S.-Indian discussions, 212, 214
      • WSAG meetings, 60, 196, 198, 209, 213
  • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan:
    • Defense Department memoranda, 80
    • Embassy assessments, 28, 34, 64
    • Farland consultations, 109
    • Gallagher Amendment, 105, 144
    • Indian position, 113, 128
    • Indo-Pakistani war and:
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility and, 60, 101, 125
    • Kissinger memoranda, 36, 78, 113
    • NSC meeting, 237
    • NixonKissinger conversations, 113
    • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 41
    • NSC staff analysis, 50, 138, 141, 173
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 32, 111
    • U.S. contingency planning, 101, 125
    • U.S.-Indian discussions, 78, 90, 92, 94, 105, 134, 173, 181
    • U.S. public relations, 223
    • U.S.-Soviet discussions, 124, 135
    • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 49, 131, 138, 141, 144, 145
  • Van Hollen, Christopher:
    • Awami League takeover, 9
    • East Pakistan food relief, 23, 61, 123, 147
    • Foreign national evacuation, 18
    • Gandhi U.S. visit, 179, 181
    • Indo-Pakistani war:
      • Cease-fire negotiations, 318
      • Escalation (Nov.–Dec., 1971), 196, 198, 205, 206, 207
      • U.S. Seventh Fleet movements, 304
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 201
      • West Pakistani military aid requests, 219
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
      • Border incidents, 30
      • Indian embassy instructions, 114
      • Military preparations, 159
      • Military situation, 183
      • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 169
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 105
      • U.S. contingency planning, 51
      • U.S. de-escalation proposals, 168, 171, 176
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 182
      • WSAG meetings, 60, 159, 183
    • NixonYahya Khan correspondence, 161, 169, 206
    • Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 68
    • Pakistani civil war, 11, 35
    • Political settlement proposals:
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 111, 112
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 49
      • West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 149, 150, 164, 171
      • Yahya Khan speech (June 28, 1971), 84
    • Refugee issue, 74, 75, 79
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 23, 32, 105, 111, 120
    • Soviet-Indian relations, 116
    • UN General Assembly discussion proposals, 235
    • UN Security Council discussions, 224
    • UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194, 196, 209, 213, 218
    • U.S. aid to India, 209, 212, 213, 218, 224, 235
    • U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 31, 77
    • U.S. China initiative, 106
    • U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan, 107, 218
    • U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 139, 248, 260
  • Verma, 106, 147, 182, 262, 304
  • Vietnam War, 281
  • Vogt, Lt. Gen. John W., 60, 126, 183
  • Voice of America (VOA), 17
  • Volcker, Paul A., 331
  • Von Peterfly, George A., 335
  • Vorontsov, Yuli M.:
  • Waller, John H.:
  • Walters, Barbara, 225
  • Wandler, Mark, 60
  • Washington Special Actions Group (WSAG):
  • Weinel, Vice Adm. John, 6, 32
  • Welander, Rear Adm. Robert O.:
  • Westmoreland, Gen. William, 60, 234, 235, 237
  • West Pakistani political situation:
    • Awami League takeover and, 9
    • Cease-fire and, 325
    • Civilian coalition government, 22, 247, 254, 276
    • Indo-Pakistani war and, 198
    • KissingerFarland covert conversation, 42
    • NixonKissingerRogers conversation, 199
    • Pakistani civil war and, 6, 11, 22
    • Postwar situation, 327, 328, 329, 332, 333, 334
    • Pre-civil war negotiations and, 2, 6
    • U.S. policy and, 102
    • WSAG meetings, 198
    • Yahya resignation, 328
  • Wiesner, Louis A., 75
  • Williams, Maurice J.:
  • Wilson, Richard L., 19
  • Wilson, Shannon W., 19
  • Winspeare-Guicciardi, Vittorio, 334
  • Woldman, Joel M., 84
  • World Bank (IBRD) (see also Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan), 42, 64, 68, 112
  • Yahya Khan, Gen. Agha Mohammad (see also Nixon–Yahya Khan correspondence):
    • Awami League takeover and, 9
    • Civilian coalition government, 22, 247, 254, 276
    • East Pakistan food relief, 41, 63, 102, 123, 129
    • Indo-Pakistani war:
    • Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 16, 21, 97, 165, 168, 177, 178
    • Pakistani civil war, 6, 8, 11, 22, 54, 66
    • Political settlement proposals:
      • Embassy assessment, 22
      • 40 Committee meeting, 24
      • Iran discussions, 159
      • Pre-civil war negotiations, 2, 6, 12
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 111
      • Speech (June 28, 1971), 84, 105
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 43, 44, 53, 97
      • West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals:
        • Atal proposal, 209
        • Soviet proposal, 271
        • State Department instructions, 136, 150
        • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 133, 166, 187, 192, 193
    • Postwar situation, 333, 334
    • Rahman trial, 130, 159, 177, 208
    • Refugee issue:
      • Kissinger South Asia trip briefing, 83
      • Nixon correspondence, 76
      • U.S. aid, 48
      • U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 54, 66, 81, 97, 103, 129
    • Resignation, 328
    • Speech (Mar. 6, 1971), 6, 8
    • Speech (Mar. 26, 1971), 11
    • UN General Assembly discussions, 254
    • U.S. China initiative and, 85, 96
    • U.S. military aid, 173
  • Zais, Lt. Gen. Melvin, 11
  • Ziegler, Ronald L., 223, 331
  • Zumwalt, Adm. Elmo R., 111, 224, 234