Sources

The editors of the Foreign Relations series have complete access to all the retired records and papers of the Department of State: the central files of the Department; the special decentralized files (“lot files”) of the Department at the bureau, office, and division levels; the files of the Department’s Executive Secretariat, which contain the records of international conferences and high-level official visits, correspondence with foreign leaders by the President and Secretary of State, and memoranda of conversations between the President and Secretary of State and foreign officials; and the files of overseas diplomatic posts. All the Department’s indexed central files for these years have been permanently transferred to the National Archives and Records Administration (Archives II) at College Park, Maryland. Many of the Department’s decentralized office (or lot) files covering this period, which the National Archives deems worthy of permanent retention, are in the process of being transferred from the Department’s custody to Archives II.

The editors of the Foreign Relations series also have full access to the papers of President Johnson and other White House foreign policy records. Presidential papers maintained and preserved at the Presidential libraries include some of the most significant foreign affairs-related documentation from the Department of State and other Federal agencies including the National Security Council, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

In preparing this volume, the editors conducted research in a wide range of manuscript sources. They made particularly extensive use of Presidential papers and other White House records at the Lyndon B. Johnson Library. Some White House memoranda, including memoranda to the President, document President Johnson’s concern with these scientific, energy, and global issues. The bulk of the foreign policy records at the Johnson Library are in the subject and country files and the other component parts of the National Security File, and in the papers of the President’s science adviser.

The Department of State arranged for access to the many audiotapes of President Johnson’s telephone conversations that are held at the Johnson Library. These audiotapes include substantial numbers of telephone conversations between President Johnson and his principal foreign policy advisers and key members of Congress. The editors of this volume cited for publication a summary of one audiotape of President Johnson’s telephone conversation dealing with water for peace.

Second in importance only to the White House records at the Johnson Library were the records of the Department of State. The Department’s central files contain the cable traffic recording U.S. diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union, European nations, and the Middle [Page XVI]East, memoranda of diplomatic conversations, and memoranda proposing action or providing information. Some important documents are found only in the Department’s lot files. Documentation on initiatives that were not approved is often found only in desk or bureau files.

The papers of Hubert H. Humphrey at the Minnesota Historical Society were also very useful. Vice President Humphrey was chairman of the National Aeronautics and Space Council and took an active interest in the problems of rapid population growth and family planning matters in the developing world as well as world food production.

The editors also collected documents on space policy in the Historical Reference Collection at the National Space and Aeronautics Administration and on energy policy at the Department of Energy Archives.

Almost all of this documentation has been made available for use in the Foreign Relations series thanks to the consent of the agencies mentioned, the assistance of their staffs, and especially the cooperation and support of the National Archives and Records Administration.

The following list identifies the particular files and collections used in the preparation of this volume. The declassification and transfer to the National Archives of the records of U.S. government agencies is in process. Many of the records are already available for public review at the National Archives. The declassification review of other records is going forward in accordance with the provisions of Executive Order 12958, under which all records over 25 years old, except file series exemptions requested by agencies and approved by the President, should be reviewed for declassification by 2000.

Unpublished Sources

  • Department of State
    • Central Files. See National Archives and Records Administration below.
      • Lot Files. These files have been transferred or will be transferred to the National Archives and Records Administration at College Park Maryland, Record Group 59.
        • ARA Files: Lot 74 D 467
          • Country files, chronological files, subject files, and staff assistants’ files for Assistant Secretaries Charles Meyer and Covey T. Oliver, 1967–1969 and 1971–1972
        • E Files: Lot 69 D 76
          • Country files for 1965, plus the records of petroleum and fuels and energy, general files, and office chronological files for 1963 and 1964
        • E Files: Lot 70 D 54
          • Chronologies for 1965 and 1966, general, petroleum, and fuels and energy files for 1966, and country files for 1966
        • E Files: Lot 71 D 84
          • Office files for 1967 including chronological files and the records of fuels and energy, petroleum, general files, and country files
        • SCI Files: Lot 67 D 132
          • Office of Science and Technology subject files for 1964; miscellaneous office files including personnel, atomic energy, and science
        • SCI Files: Lot 68 D 152
          • Office of Science and Technology subject files for 1965 and personnel records
        • SCI Files: Lot 68 D 383
          • Office of Science and Technology subject files for 1966 plus miscellaneous office files
        • SCI Files: Lot 71 D 483
          • Office of Science and Technology material having to do with the special local currency program, P.L. 480, for Israel, 1968–1970; plus one folder on the brain drain, 1966–1968
        • S/P Files: Lot 70 D 199
          • Policy Planning Council files for 1963–1964: subject files by subject, country, or area containing S/P papers and memoranda; studies and reports relevant to S/P interests; S/P chronologicals, working papers, and research files; and speeches and statements of the Secretary of State and the Under Secretary of State
        • S/P Files: Lot 72 D 124
          • S/PC and S/P files for the years 1963 and 1965–1968; chronologicals and personal files; and subject and country files
        • S/S Files: Lot 69 D 217
          • Chronological files for the Middle East Crisis, the Pueblo Crisis, and the Dominican Crisis; administrative history of the Johnson administration; and transition books
        • S/S–NSC Files: Lot 72 D 316
          • Master File of the National Security Action Memoranda (NSAMs), 1961–1968
  • National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland
    • Record Group 59, Records of the Department of State
      • Central Files
        • Following are the principal files used for this volume:
          • AE 6, Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy
          • AV 3, Organizations and Conferences
          • AV 3 ICAO, International Civil Aviation Organization
          • AV 6, Airlines
          • AV 6 US, Airlines, United States
          • AV 12 US, Aircraft and Aeronautical Equipment, United States
          • AV 12–1 US, Production, Repair
          • AV 12–7 US, Research and Development
          • E 11, Water Resources
          • E 11–3 NEAR EAST, Saline Water Conversation, Near East
          • E 11–3 ISRAEL, Saline Water Conversation, Israel
          • ORG 7 OST, Visits
          • PET 1 IRAQ, Petroleum General Policy, Plans, Iraq
          • PET 1 OECD, Petroleum General Policy, Plans, OECD
          • PET 1 UK-US, Petroleum General Policy, Plans, United Kingdom-United States
          • PET 1 US, Petroleum General Policy, Plans, United States
          • PET 2 ARAB, Petroleum General Reports and Statistics, Arab World
          • PET 2 GERW, Petroleum General Reports and Statistics, West Germany
          • PET 2 UK, Petroleum General Reports and Statistics, United Kingdom
          • PET 3 ARAB, Petroleum Organizations and Conferences, Arab World
          • PET 3 OAPEC, Petroleum Organizations and Conferences, OAPEC
          • PET 3 OECD, Petroleum Organizations and Conferences, OECD
          • PET 3 OPEC, Petroleum Organizations and Conferences, OPEC
          • PET 3 US, Petroleum Organizations and Conferences, United States
          • PET 5 IRAQ, Petroleum Laws and Regulations, Iraq
          • PET 6 IRAN, Petroleum Companies, Iran
          • PET 6 IRAQ, Petroleum Companies, Iraq
          • PET 6 KUW, Petroleum Companies, Kuwait
          • PET 6 LIBYA, Petroleum Companies, Libya
          • PET 6 SAUD, Petroleum Companies, Saudi Arabia
          • PET 6 US, Petroleum Companies, United States
          • PET 7 US, Petroleum Visits, United States
          • PET 10–3 IRAQ, Petroleum Concessions, Leases
          • PET 12–2 FR, Petroleum Stocks, France
          • PET 12–3 US, Petroleum Surpluses, Shortages, United States
          • PET 15–2 ALG, Petroleum Nationalization, Appropriation, Algeria
          • PET 15–2 KU, Petroleum Nationalization, Appropriation, Kuwait
          • PET 15–2 SYR, Petroleum Nationalization, Appropriation, Syria
          • PET 17 IRAQ–TURK, Petroleum Trade, Iraq and Turkey
          • PET 17 SAUD–US, Petroleum Trade, Saudi Arabia and the United States
          • PET 17–1 ARAB, Petroleum Exports, Arab World
          • PET 17–1 IRAQ, Petroleum Exports, Iraq
          • PET 17–1 LIBYA, Petroleum Exports, Libya
          • PET 18–1 IRAQ–SYR, Petroleum Pipelines and Facilities, Iraq-Syria
          • POL ARAB–US, Political Affairs and Relations, Arab World-United States
          • POL 7 GER, Political Visits and Meetings
          • PS 8–4 US–ALG, Consular Protective Services
          • SCI 1–1 EURW–US, Science and Technology, International Cooperation, Western Europe-United States
          • SCI 1–1 NATO, Science and Technology, International Cooperation, NATO
          • SCI 3 OECD, Science and Technology, Organizations and Conferences, OECD
          • SCI 3 NATO, Science and Technology, Organizations and Conference, NATO
          • SOC 13, Social Conditions, Population
          • SOC 13–3, Social Conditions, Population, Growth, Decline
          • SOC 14 UN, Social Conditions, Human Rights, Race Relations
          • SOC 14–3, Social Conditions, Human Rights, Race Relations, Children, Youth
          • SP 1 US, Space and Aeronautics, General Policy, Plans, Coordination, United States
          • SP 1–1 EUR-US, Space and Aeronautics, General Policy, Plans, Coordination, International Cooperation
          • SP 6, Space and Aeronautics, Peaceful Uses of Space
          • SP 6 UN, Space and Aeronautics, Peaceful Uses of Space, United Nations
          • SP 10 US, Space and Aeronautics, Space Flight and Exploration, United States
          • SP 11 ELDO, Space and Aeronautics, Research and Development, ELDO
          • TEL 1 US, Telecommunication, General Policy, Plans, United States
          • TEL 6, Telecommunications, Space Communications
    • Record Group 359, Records of the Atomic Energy Commission
      • Office of Science and Technology, OST Administrative History
  • Lyndon B Johnson Library, Austin, Texas
    • Papers of Lyndon B. Johnson
      • National Security File
        • Agency File
        • Charles E. Johnson Files
        • Country File
        • Gordon Chase Files
        • Harold H. Saunders Files
        • McGeorge Bundy Files
        • Memos to the President
        • Name File
        • NSC Special Committee Files
        • Robert W. Komer Files
        • Subject File
    • White House Central Files
    • Office Files of White House Aides
      • Ernest Goldstein
    • Other Personal Papers
      • Donald F. Hornig Oral History
      • Papers of Donald F. Hornig
    • Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota
      • Papers of Hubert H. Humphrey
        • Vice Presidential Files
    • National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Laurel, Maryland
      • Historical Reference Collection
        • Files of the Office of International Affairs
  • Department of Energy, Germantown, Maryland
    • Archives, Records of the Atomic Energy Commission
      • Secretariat Files

Published Sources

  • Basic Facts About the UN (New York: United Nations, 1992)
  • Congressional Quarterly Almanac, 89th Congress, 2nd Session, 1966, Volume XXII (Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Service, 1967)
  • Congressional Quarterly Almanac, 90th Congress, 1st Session, 1967, Volume XXIII (Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Service, 1968)
  • Frutkin, Arnold. International Cooperation in Space (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1965)
  • King, Alexander. Science and Policy: The International Stimulus (London: Oxford University Press, 1974)
  • Logsdon, John M., ed.: Exploring the Unknown, Selected Documents in the History of the U.S. Civil Space Program, Vol. I: Organizing for Exploration (Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1995)
  • ——. Exploring the Unknown, Selected Documents in the History of the U.S. Civil Space Program, Vol. II, External Relationships (Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1996)
  • Seaborg, Glenn T. Journal of Glenn T. Seaborg , Pub-265, 28 volumes (Berkeley, CA: Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, 1989–1992)
  • U.S. Congress, House of Representatives, Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Inter-American Affairs (90th Congress, 2d Session). Air Piracy in the Caribbean Area; report pursuant to H. Res. 179 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1968)
  • U.S. Department of State. American Foreign Policy: Current Documents, 1964–1967 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office)
  • ——. Department of State Bulletin, 1964–1968 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office)
  • U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: John F. Kennedy, 1963 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office)
  • ——. Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Lyndon B. Johnson , 1963–1968 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office)
  • U.S. Task Group on Nuclear Power and Saline Water Conversion. An Assessment of Large Nuclear Powered Sea Water Distillation Plants; a Report of an Interagency Task Group (Washington, D.C.: Office of Science and Technology, Executive Office of the President, March 1964)
  • Yearbook of the United Nations, 1968, Vol. 22 (New York: Office of Public Information, United Nations, 1971)