The 1967 Oil Embargo


228. Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Fuels and Energy, Bureau of Economic Affairs (Oliver) to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Fried)

Source: Department of State, E Files: Lot 71 D 84, PET 2 Middle East Department Memorandum 1967, Box 6297. Confidential. Drafted by J.E. Akins (E/OR/FSE).


229. Memorandum for the Record

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 6 SAUD. Secret; Exdis. A note attached to the source text on White House letterhead reads, “May 24, 1967 To: S/S, Mr. Ben Read From: Bromley Smith FYI.” A note on the source text by Harold Saunders reads, “President From—.”


230. Telegram From the Embassy in the United Kingdom to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 3 OECD. Secret; Exdis.


231. Letter From John J. McCloy to Secretary of State Rusk

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 6 SAUD. Exdis. A handwritten note initialed by Assistant Secretary Battle reads, “S—Mr. Borg. Thank you. Will you see that DR acknowledges this.” No acknowledgment was found. McCloy, Chairman of the Ford Foundation and the Council on Foreign Relations, was also a board director of Chase Manhattan Bank and the Allied Chemical Company, both of which had investments in Iran. In addition, the Consortium in Iran included a number of McCloy's clients.


232. Telegram From the Embassy in Iraq to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 17–1 ARAB. Unclassified. Repeated to Algiers, Beirut, Cairo, Damascus, Dhahran, Jidda, Kuwait, Tehran, Tripoli, and Basra.


234. Letter From the Manager of the Government Relations Department, Standard Oil Company of New Jersey (Finlay) to the Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Mineral Resources (Moore)

Source: Department of State, E Files: Lot 71 D 84, PET 3 Orgs and Confs,OECD Oil Committee, April, May, June 1967. No classification marking. Copies were sent to Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs Anthony Solomon and John Oliver.


235. Letter From Secretary of State Rusk to Secretary of the Interior Udall

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 12–3 US. Limited Official Use. Drafted by M. Chaplin (E/OR/FSE) on June 7 and cleared by Solomon, Oliver (FSE), Hinton (EUR), and Patman (L/E).


236. Telegram From the Embassy in France to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 3 OECD. Confidential; Immediate. Repeated to London and The Hague and passed to the White House and USIA.


237. Telegram From the Embassy in Algeria to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 15–2 ALGERIA. Limited Official Use.


238. Telegram From the Embassy in Kuwait to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, POL 27 ARAB–ISR. Secret; Exdis; Immediate. Passed to the White House.


239. Telegram From the Embassy in Libya to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 17–1 LIBYA. Confidential; Priority. Repeated to London, Paris for OECD, Dhahran, Jidda, and Kuwait City. Passed to the White House, DOD, CIA, USIA, NSA, COMAC, CINCSTRIKE, and USUN.


241. Telegram From the Mission to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 3 OECD. Limited Official Use; Immediate. Repeated to The Hague, London, Ottawa, Rome, Tokyo, Ankara, Athens, Bern, Bonn, Brussels, Copenhagen, Dublin, Lisbon, Luxembourg, Madrid, Oslo, Reykjavik, Stockholm, and Vienna. Passed to the White House and USIA.


242. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Solomon) to the Under Secretary of State (Katzenbach)

Source: Department of State, E Files: Lot 71 D 84, PET 2 Middle East Department Memorandums 1967. Confidential. The date is handwritten on the source text. A copy was sent to Eugene Rostow.


243. Telegram From the Embassy in Libya to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 17–1 LIBYA. Confidential; Priority. Repeated to London, Paris for OECD, Baida, Beirut, Jidda, and Kuwait. Passed to the White House, CIA, USIA, DOD, NSA, COMAC, USUN, and CINCSTRIKE.


244. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Libya

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 6 LIBYA. Confidential; Immediate. Drafted by Oliver on June 16 and cleared by Held (NEA), Post (AFN), and Oliver. Repeated to Paris, London, Kuwait, Jidda, and Dhahran.


245. Circular Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in France

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 1 OECD. Limited Official Use; Priority. Drafted by Percival and Rogers (EUR/RPE); cleared by Oliver (E/FSE), Patman (L/E), and Moore (Interior); and approved by Solomon. Repeated to all other OECD capitals.


246. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Germany

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 3 OECD. Confidential; Priority. Drafted by E. Crowley (EUR/GER) on June 19; cleared by Akins (E/OR/FSE), Puhan (EUR/GER), McCall (S/S), Springsteen (EUR), and Rostow. Also sent to Paris and London. Printed from an unsigned copy.


247. Telegram From the Embassy in Libya to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 17–1 LIBYA. Confidential; Immediate. Repeated to London and Paris for OECD. Passed to the White House, DOD, CIA, USIA, NSA, COMAC, CINCSTRIKE, and USUN.


248. Telegram From the Embassy in Germany to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 3 OECD. Confidential; Immediate. Repeated to London and Paris.


249. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Germany

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 3 OECD. Confidential; Priority. Drafted by Rogers (EUR/RPE), cleared by Oliver (E/FSE), Crowley (EUR/GER), Enders (M), Patman (L/E), Moore (Interior), and Solomon. Repeated to Brussels, The Hague, London, Paris, Rome, and Tokyo.


250. Telegram From the Embassy in France to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 12–2 FR. Confidential. Repeated to London and Brussels.


251. Telegram From the Mission to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 3 OECD. Limited Official Use; Immediate. Repeated to Athens, Bonn, Brussels, London, and Rome. Passed to the White House and USIA.


252. Memorandum of a Briefing by Director of Central Intelligence McCone

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, NSC Special Committee Files, Economic 2 of 2. No classification marking. The meeting was held in McCone's office. An attached covering note from Helms to McGeorge Bundy reads: “Here is the write up of John McCone's presentation to us on the importance of Middle East oil to the United States. This is the paper I promised you.”


253. Telegram From the Embassy in Libya to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 17–1 LIBYA. Confidential. Repeated to London, Paris, Baida, Beirut, Jidda, and Kuwait.


254. Telegram From the Mission to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central File, 1967–69, PET 3 OECD. Limited Official Use; Immediate. Repeated to Ankara, Athens, Bern, Bonn, Brussels, Copenhagen, Dublin, The Hague, Lisbon, London, Luxembourg, Madrid, Oslo, Ottawa, Reykjavik, Rome, Stockholm, Tokyo, and Vienna. Passed to the White House and USIA on June 30.


255. Telegram From the Embassy in Libya to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Central Files, 1967–69, PET 17–1 LIBYA. Confidential; Priority. There is no time of transmission on the source text; the telegram was received at 7:05 a.m. Repeated to London, Paris for USOECD, Algiers, Baida, Beirut, Dhahran, Jidda, Kuwait, and Tehran. Passed to the White House, USIA, CIA, DOD, NSA, CINCEUR, and USUN.


256. Memorandum From the Executive Secretary of the National Security Council Special Committee on the Middle East Crisis (Bundy) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, NSC Special Committee Files, Country File—Arab Nationalism. No classification marking.


257. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Saudi Arabia

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, NSC Special Committee Files, Economic [2 of 2]. Confidential. Drafted by C. Held (NEA/ARP), cleared by W. Brewer (NEA/ARP) and J. Akins (E/FSE), and approved by Davies. Repeated to Dhahran.