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Philippines


350. Telegram From the Embassy in the Philippines to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 033.1100-JO/5–1861. Secret; Limited Distribution.


351. Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Southwest Pacific Affairs (Bell) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (McConaughy)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 211.9741/6–961. Official Use Only. Drafted by McFarland. McConaughy wrote on the source text: “Noted—thanks. WPMcC, 6/9.”


352. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 411.966/6–2861. Official Use Only. Drafted by Emmons and approved in S on July 12. A separate memorandum of conversation covers the discussion between Rusk and Romulo on the Zablocki Bill on war damage claims. Rusk informed Romulo that the United States was anxious to settle this long-standing claim. Romulo indicated that his discussion with Congressman Walter Judd led him to believe that Judd was ready to support the bill. (Ibid., 211.9641/6–2861)


353. Memorandum From President Kennedy to His Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy)

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Countries Series, Philippines, General, 2/61–7/61. Secret. Bundy wrote the following note in the top margin: “File, done.”


354. Memorandum From the Department of State Executive Secretary (Battle) to the President’s Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy)

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Countries Series, Philippines, General, 2/61–7/61. Confidential. A note by Bundy on the source text indicates that the memorandum was sent to Hyannis Port as part of the President’s weekend reading for the weekend of July 21. In a July 17 covering memorandum, Bundy suggested that Kennedy might want to take advantage of a lunch he was having with retired General Douglas MacArthur on July 20 to elicit his views on the current situation. No account of the luncheon discussion has been found.


355. Memorandum From Robert H. Johnson of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Deputy Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Rostow)

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Countries Series, Philippines, General, 2/61–7/61. Secret


356. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 796.00/7–2861. Official Use Only. Drafted by Bell on July 29. Cowen also met with U. Alexis Johnson, McConaughy, and Bell on August 7. Johnson expressed concern about the corruption problem and asked for Cowen’s advice. Cowen provided similar suggestions to the ones he had given in this meeting and suggested that Johnson meet with Jose Yulo. (Ibid., 796.00/8–761) Regarding the Yulo–Johnson meeting, see Document 358.


357. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Philippines

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 796.00/8–561. Secret; Limit Distribution. Drafted by Bell; cleared by McConaughy and Joseph W. Scott, INR’s Deputy Director for Coordination; and approved by Johnson.


358. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 796.00/8–1261. Confidential. Drafted by Bell on August 14 and approved in G on August 28.


359. Memorandum From the President’s Military Representative (Taylor) to President Kennedy

Source: National Defense University, Taylor Papers, NSC, T-624–71. Secret.


360. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (McConaughy) to Secretary of State Rusk

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 211.9641/9–761. Confidential. Drafted by McFarland and cleared by Emmons, Steeves, and John P. White, Legislative Management Officer, Bureau of Congressional Relations.


361. Telegram From the Embassy in the Philippines to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 211.9641/9–1861. Secret; [distribution indicator not declassified].


362. Telegram From the Embassy in the Philippines to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 796.00/12–961. Secret. Repeated to CINCPACPOLAD, Commander 13th Air Force, and Commander, U.S. Navy, Philippines.


363. Telegram From the Embassy in the Philippines to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 796.11/12–1261. Confidential; Priority.


364. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 033.9611/1–1662. Confidential. Drafted by Bell and approved in S on January 17. The time of the meeting is from Rusk’s Appointment Book. (Johnson Library)


365. Memorandum on the Substance of Discussion at the State-Joint Chiefs of Staff Meeting

Source: Department of State, S/P Files: Lot 69 D 121, State-JCS Meetings. Top Secret. A note on the cover sheet indicates that this was a State draft not cleared with the Department of Defense.


366. Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for the Far East (Rice) to the President’s Deputy Special Counsel (Feldman)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 211.9641/2–762. No classification marking. Drafted by McFarland and cleared by Bell:


367. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 896.235/2–2062. Secret. Drafted by Bell and approved by the White House on February 22. A separate memorandum of conversation covers the discussion between the President and Abello of a potential Corregidor-Bataan memorial. (Ibid.) Another memorandum of conversation contains a brief account of the discussion on the question of the Philippines’ prohibition of importation of U.S. tobacco, Abello suggested if the Philippine Supreme Court did not rule favorably on the question, President Macapagal would make proposals to solve the issue satisfactorily for American business interests. The President said that the War Damage Bill and the tobacco issue should not be tied together. (Ibid.)

Abello also discussed the issues of sugar, a Corregidor-Bataan memorial, and tobacco with Bell on February 21. (Memorandum of conversation, February 23; ibid., 896.235/2–2162)


368. Telegram From the Embassy in the Philippines to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 211.9641/5–1062. Secret; Niact.


369. Memorandum From the Department of State Executive Secretary (Brubeck) to the President’s Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy)

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Countries Series, Philippines, General, 5/62. Confidential. The Department of State copy of this memorandum indicates that it was drafted by McFarland, cleared by Rice, and cleared in draft by Bell, Dutton, and Samuel L. King, Assistant Chief of Protocol for visits and ceremonies. (Department of State, Central Files, 211.9641/5–2362)


370. Notes of Telephone Conversation Between President Kennedy and the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Harriman)

Source: Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, Harriman Papers, Kennedy and Johnson Administrations, Telephone Conversations. No classification marking. Apparently dictated by Harriman.


371. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 211.9641/6–862. Confidential. Drafted by McFarland on June 12.


372. Memorandum From Secretary of State Rusk to President Kennedy

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Countries Series, Philippines, General, 6/62–7/62. Official Use Only. The Department of State copy of this memorandum indicates it was drafted by Matilda L. Milne (Officer in Charge of Exchange Rates and Systems, Bureau of Economic Affairs) and Jarvis of SPA, and cleared by Bell, Peterson, Leonard Weiss (Director of the Office of Trade and Finance, Bureau of Economic Affairs), Isaiah Frank (Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs), Heyl of AID, Diehl of Treasury, Irvine of the Federal Reserve Board, U.S. Executive Director of the IMF Southard, and Houston of the Export-Import Bank. A note on the memorandum indicates it was signed by Rusk. (Department of State, Central Files, 896.10/6–1165)


373. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.96/6–2762. Secret. Drafted by Harriman and approved by the White House on July 25. The source text is dated June 27; the June 26 date and the time of the meeting are taken from the President’s Appointment Book. (Kennedy Library) A briefing memorandum from Brubeck for the President, June 25, is ibid., National Security Files, Countries Series, Philippines, General, 6/62–7/62.


374. Letter From the Ambassador to the Philippines (Stevenson) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Harriman)

Source: Department of State, FE Files: Lot 65 D 25, S. Confidential; Personal; Official–Informal. A note in Harriman’s handwriting indicates that he discussed this letter with Bell.


376. Memorandum From Michael V. Forrestal of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy)

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Meetings and Memoranda Series, Staff Memos, Forrestal, 6/62–10/62. Secret.


377. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Countries Series, Philippines, General, 8/62–12/62. Confidential. Drafted by Bell and cleared by Forrestal for the White House on November 2. The meeting was held at the White House. The President’s Appointment Book indicates it was held from 12:15 to 12:25 p.m. Separate memoranda of this conversation cover a possible State visit by Macapagal and Laos. (Both ibid.)


378. Memorandum From the Department of State Executive Secretary (Brubeck) to the President’s Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, POL 15–1 PHIL. Secret. Drafted by Ballantyne and cleared by Bell and Rice.


379. Memorandum From the Department of State Executive Secretary (Brubeck) to the President’s Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, POL 15–1 PHIL. Secret. Drafted by Ballantyne; cleared by Bell, Barnett, Rice, Colonel William B. Robinson of the Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Political Military Affairs, and Harriman; and cleared in draft by Martin M. Tank, Director of the Military Assistance Division of AID, William Bundy, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, and Admiral Riley, Chief of the Joint Staff of the JCS.