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Malaysia


327. National Intelligence Estimate

Source: Department of State, INR/EAP Files: Lot 90 D 165, NIE 54/59–62. Secret; Noforn. A note on the cover sheet indicates that the Central Intelligence Agency; Department of State’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research; and the intelligence organizations of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force participated in the preparation of this estimate. All members of the U.S. Intelligence Board concurred with the estimate with the exception of the representatives of the Atomic Energy Commission and Federal Bureau of Investigation, who abstained because the subject was outside their jurisdiction.


328. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Countries Series, Malaya and Singapore, 11/61–11/62. Confidential. Drafted by Bell and approved in the White House on August 2. The time of the meeting is taken from the President’s Appointment Book. (Ibid.) Ambassador Dato Ong Yoke Lim was presenting his credentials to the President. A separate memorandum of this conversation records discussion of the problem of the falling price of tin due to congressional discussion of sale of the U.S. tin stockpile that was equal to three times the annual world production. Kennedy replied he was aware of the problem, and that it was U.S. policy to avoid a substantial depression of tin prices. The President asked Bell to study the matter. (Ibid., National Security Files, Countries Series, Malaya and Singapore, 11/61–11/62)


329. Memorandum From Secretary of State Rusk to President Kennedy

Source: Department of State, Central Files, POL 3 MALAYSIA. Secret. Drafted by Harriman on February 15. In a covering memorandum to Rusk, drafted by Rice and concurred in by Deputy Assistant Secretary Richard Davies of EUR, Rice wrote that this memorandum to the President represented the U.S. position as stated in the quadripartite talks held earlier that week with representatives of the British, Australian, and New Zealand Governments. Accounts of the quadripartite talks are in telegrams 342 and 348 to Singapore, February 13 and 16. (Ibid., POL 2 INDON and POL 3 MALAYSIA)


330. Special National Intelligence Estimate

Source: Department of State, INR/EAP Files: Lot 90 D 165, SNIE 54/59–63. Secret; Controlled Dissem. A note on a cover sheet indicates that the Central Intelligence Agency; the intelligence organizations of the Departments of State, Defense, the Army, and the Air Force; and the National Security Agency participated in the preparation of this estimate. All members of the U.S. Intelligence Board concurred with it with the exception of the Representatives of the Atomic Energy Commission and Federal Bureau of Investigation who abstained because the subject was outside their jurisdiction. An accompanying 2-page map is not printed.


331. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Countries Series, Malaya and Singapore, 12/62–8/63. Confidential. Drafted by Baldwin and approved in the White House on May 5, according to the Department of State copy. (Department of State, Central Files, POL 32–4 MALAYA) The ending time of the meeting is taken from the President’s Appointment Book. (Kennedy Library)


332. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Hilsman) to Secretary of State Rusk

Source: Department of State, Central Files, POL 3 MALAYSIA. Confidential. Drafted by Ingraham and cleared in substance by Buffum and Thomas M. Judd, Officer in Charge of United Kingdom Affairs.


333. Telegram From President Kennedy to Prime Minister Macmillan

Source: Department of State, Central Files, POL 3 MALAYSIA. Secret; Operational Immediate. Repeated to the Department of State for Harriman and Hilsman. The source text is the Department of State copy. There is no time of transmission on the source text; the telegram was received in the Department of State at 7:40 p.m.


334. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, POL MALAYSIA. Confidential. Drafted by Judd and approved in M on September 12. The meeting was held in Harriman’s office.


335. Memorandum From Clifford L. Alexander of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy)

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Countries Series, Indonesia, Vol. V, 9/63. Secret.


336. Telegram From the President’s Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy) to President Kennedy, at Tacoma, Washington

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Countries Series, Indonesia, Vol. V, 9/63. Secret; Eyes Only. The telegram was sent to Captain Tazewell Shepard for the President who was on a trip to the American west.


337. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, POL INDON-MALAYSIA. Secret. Drafted by Hilsman and approved by the White House on October 14. The time of the meeting is taken from the President’s Appointment Book. (Kennedy Library)


338. Memorandum for the Australian Ambassador (Beale)

Source: Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, Harriman Papers, KennedyJohnson Administrations, Subject Files, Quadripartite talks re Indonesia and Malaysia. Secret. There is no indication that Harriman drafted this memorandum, but there are revisions in his hand. It was apparently not given to Beale because Harriman wrote “hold” on it.


339. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, POL INDON-US. Secret. Drafted by Judd and cleared by the White House on October 15. The ending time of the meeting, which was held at the White House, is taken from the President’s Appointment Book. (Kennedy Library) This is one of six memoranda of conversation prepared for this meeting.


340. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, POL INDON-MALAYSIA. Secret. Drafted by Kinney. The meeting was held at USUN.


341. Memorandum From Robert W. Komer of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy)

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Countries Series, Malaysia, 10/63. Secret. Also sent to Forrestal.


342. Memorandum From the Department of State to President Kennedy

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Countries Series, Malaysia, 10/63. Top Secret. There is no drafting information on the source text, but another copy of the memorandum has Harriman’s extensive handwritten revisions. (Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, Harriman Papers, Kennedy-Johnson Administrations, Subject Files, Malaysia) A Department of Defense paper listing possible U.S. military actions in the case of an overt attack by Indonesia on Malaysia was attached but is not printed.

On the covering memorandum to Bundy, Read noted that this memorandum and the Defense paper, in the form of a single one-page paper, served as the basis of discussion for a meeting with the President by representatives of the Departments of State and Defense and CIA on October 9. At that meeting, the President approved the policy outlined in the combined paper. According to the President’s Appointment Book, the meeting on October 9, described as “off-the-record,” lasted from 11 to 11:55 a.m. (Kennedy Library) No other record of it has been found.


343. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Countries Series, Malaysia, 10/63. Secret; Eyes Only. Drafted by Forrestal.


344. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Kennedy Library, Hilsman Papers, Memoranda of Conversation, 9/63–10/63. Secret. Drafted by Hilsman and approved by the White House on October 28. According to Kennedy’s Appointment Book, the meeting lasted from 10:07 to 10:27 a.m. (Kennedy Library) A memorandum for the President containing talking points and biographic material was prepared by the Department of State and sent to Bundy on October 16. (Department of State, Central Files, POL 32–1 INDON-MALAYSIA)


345. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, POL 3 MALAYSIA, Secret; Limit Distribution. Drafted by Bell and approved in S on October 23 and M on October 25. According to Rusk’s Appointment Book, his next meeting took place at 9:52 a.m. (Johnson Library)


346. National Intelligence Estimate

Source: Department of State, INR/EAP Files: Lot 90 D 165, NIE 54/55–63. Secret. A note on the cover sheet states that this estimate was prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency; the intelligence organizations of the Departments of State, Defense, the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force; and the National Security Agency. All members of the U.S. Intelligence Board concurred with the estimate with the exception of the representatives of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Atomic Energy Commission, who abstained because the topic was outside their jurisdiction.

Forrestal sent an advance copy of this NIE to McGeorge Bundy for President Kennedy. He also noted that the full NIE would be available for the President’s weekend reading. (Memorandum from Forrestal to Bundy, October 31; Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Countries Series, Malaysia, 10/63)

A Special Article prepared by the CIA’s Office of Current Intelligence, “Britain’s Malaysia Policy,” SC No. 00615/63B, October 25, was also included in the President’s weekend reading for October 27. The article concluded that the British Government considered itself obligated and able to protect Malaysia from Indonesia. Because of its long-term policy of reducing military expenditures in Southeast Asia, the British Government would explore every avenue for a peaceful settlement before resorting to force. (Ibid.)


347. Memorandum From Michael V. Forrestal of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy)

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Meetings and Memoranda Series, Staff Memos, MV Forrestal, 11/62–11/63. Secret.


348. Memorandum From Robert W. Komer of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy)

Source: Kennedy Library, Hilsman Papers, Malaysia-Indonesia, 1963–1964. Secret. Copies were sent to Hilsman, Harriman, Forrestal, and Alexander. The source text is Hilsman’s copy.


349. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, POL 32–1 INDON-MALAYSIA. Secret. Drafted by E. T. Lampson and approved in S on January 3, 1964. The meeting was held in the Foreign Office. The source text is labeled “Part I of XIII.”