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Continuing violence during the Cuban electoral campaign and reappraisal by the U.S. Government of its support of the Batista government, July–November 1958


108. Telegram From the Embassy in Cuba to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 737.5622/7–2058. Confidential; Priority.


110. Despatch From the Embassy in Cuba to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 737.00/7–2458. Confidential. Drafted by Smith.


111. Memorandum From the Deputy Director of the Office of Middle American Affairs (Stewart) to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Snow)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 737.00/7–2458. Secret. Drafted and initialed by Stewart; also initialed by Snow.


112. Draft Memorandum Prepared in the Office of Middle American Affairs

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 737.00/7–2158. Secret. No drafting or clearance information is given on the source text, which was attached to a brief covering memorandum of July 25 from Wieland to Leonhardy and Stewart that reads as follows:

“The attached memorandum includes some of the considerations which should go into the policy paper we are preparing in MID on the Cuban situation. It should be considered in the light of all available existing reports and the considerations in it taken into account in the drafting of the policy recommendations we are preparing in connection with Cuba.”


113. Telegram From the Embassy in Cuba to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 737.00/7–2558. Secret; Priority.


114. Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Snow) to the Under Secretary of State (Herter)

Source: Department of State, ARA Deputy Assistant Secretary Files: Lot 61 D 411, Cuba 1958. Confidential. Drafted by Stewart and Snow and cleared with Whiteman and G.


116. Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Snow) to the Under Secretary of State (Herter)

Source: Department of State, ARA Deputy Assistant Secretary Files: Lot 61 D 411, Cuba 1958. Confidential. Drafted by Stewart and Snow and concurred in by L/ARA.


117. Telegram From the Embassy in Cuba to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 737.00/8–158. Confidential; Priority.


118. Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, August 1, 1958, 2 p.m.

Source: Department of State, CCA Files: Lot 70 D 149, Cuba July–Dec. 1958. Confidential. Drafted by Leonhardy.


119. Memorandum From the Deputy Director of the Office of Middle American Affairs (Stewart) to the Public Affairs Adviser, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs (Anderson)

Source: Department of State, CCA Files: Lot 70 D 149, Cuba July–Dec. 1958. Drafted by Stewart. Copies were sent to ARA, the Embassy in Havana, MID/C, and to Spencer for Captain Kefauver.


120. Telegram From the Embassy in Cuba to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 737.00/8–758. Confidential; Priority.


121. Paper Prepared by the Embassy in Cuba

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.37/8–858. Confidential. Drafted by Smith, Bowdler, and Gilmore, and sent as an enclosure to despatch 141 from Havana, August 8.


122. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Rubottom) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Rubottom Files: Lot 60 D 553, Cuba. Secret. Drafted by Little on July 31, with H, P, MC, W/MSC, and G indicated for concurrence. The source text bears no initials or signatures and may not have been forwarded to other offices for concurrence or to the Secretary of State for action, since the memorandum was held for Ambassador Smith’s concurrence during his visit to Washington the following week. (See Document 125)


123. Memorandum of a Conversation Between the Ambassador in Cuba (Smith) and Foreign Minister Guell, Havana, August 15, 1958

Source: Department of State, CCA Files: Lot 70 D 149, Cuba-Political. Confidential. Drafted by Smith.


124. Report Prepared by the Division of Research and Analysis for American Republics, Bureau of Intelligence and Research

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, OSS-State Intelligence Reports. Secret. The cover sheet for the report reads: “This is an intelligence report and not a statement of Departmental policy.” Another note indicates that the report was based on information available through August 14. The full text of the report is published in Declassified Documents, 1979, 71 B.


126. Letter From the Consul at Santiago de Cuba (Wollam) to the Officer in Charge of Cuban Affairs (Leonhardy)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.37/8–2558. Confidential. A copy was sent to Bowdler.


127. Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Middle American Affairs (Wieland) to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Snow)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 737.00/8–2958. Confidential. Drafted by Little. Initialed by Wieland and Snow.


128. Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, September 4, 1958

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 737.00/9–458. Confidential. Drafted by Gutierrez and initialed by Rubottom.


129. Telegram From the Embassy in Cuba to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 737.118/9–1158. Confidential.


130. Memorandum of a Conversation Between the Officer in Charge of Cuban Affairs (Leonhardy) and Ernesto Betancourt, Department of State, Washington, September 19, 1958

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 737.00/9–1958. Confidential. Drafted and initialed by Leonhardy. Betancourt was a Registered Agent for the 26th of July Movement.


131. Telegram From the Embassy in Cuba to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 737.00/9–2258. Secret; Priority.


132. Memorandum of a Conversation Between Former Prime Minister Varona and the Director of the Office of Middle American Affairs (Wieland), Department of State, Washington, September 23, 1958

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 737.00/9–2358. Confidential. Drafted and initialed by Leonhardy.


133. Telegram From the Embassy in Cuba to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 437.558/9–2458. Confidential; Priority.


135. Memorandum From the Chief of the Division of Research and Analysis for American Republics (Wardlaw) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs’ Special Assistant (Hill)

Source: Department of State, ARA Special Assistant Files: Lot 60 D 513, Cuba 1958. Secret. Drafted and initialed by Wardlaw.


136. Despatch From the Embassy in Cuba to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 737.00/9–2658. Confidential. Drafted by Bowdler.