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List of Sources

Unpublished Sources

  • Department of State
    1.
    Central Files. The major source of documentation for this volume was the indexed central files, or decimal files, of the Department of State.
    2.
    Lot Files. Documents from the Central Files have been supplemented by materials from decentralized office files, the lot files of the Department of State. A list of the lot files used in compiling this volume follows:
  • ARA Files: Lot 78 D 287
    • Historical files on U.S.-Cuban relations, 1948–1965, as maintained by the Bureau of Inter-American Affairs.
  • ARA Deputy Assistant Secretary Files: Lot 61 D 411
    • Office files of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (William P. Snow) for the year 1958, as maintained by the Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs.
  • ARA Special Assistant Files: Lot 60 D 513
    • Functional files of the Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs for the year 1958, as maintained by the Office of the Special Assistant in the Bureau of Inter-American Affairs.
  • ARA Special Assistant Files: Lot 62 D 24
    • Office files of the Special Assistants (Frank J. Devine and Park F. Wollam) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs for the years 1959–1961, as maintained by the Office of the Special Assistant in the Bureau of Inter-American Affairs.
  • CCA Files: Lot 70 D 149
    • Files relating to Cuban political questions, 1957–1958, as maintained by the Office of the Coordinator for Cuban Affairs in the Bureau of Inter-American Affairs.
  • Current Foreign Relations: Lot 64 D 189
    • Master set of the Department of State classified internal publication Current Foreign Relations for the years 1954–1962, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • Daily Summaries: Lot 60 D 530
    • Master set of the Department of State classified internal publication Daily Secret Summary and Daily Top Secret Summary for the years 1953–1958, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • INR Files: Lot 58 D 776
    • Country, subject, and administrative files relating to U.S. intelligence organization and activities for the years 1945–1960, as maintained by the Office of the Director of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research.
  • INRNIE Files
    • Files of National Intelligence Estimates, Special Estimates, and Special National Intelligence Estimates, retained by the Directorate for Regional Research in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research.
  • REA Files: Lot 61 D 248
    • Chronological, country, and subject files relating to general economic matters for the years 1955–1959, including sugar and coffee, miscellaneous conference files, and Mutual Security Program estimates, as maintained by the Office of Inter-American Regional Economic Affairs.
  • Rubottom Files: Lot 60 D 553
    • Working files of Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs R. Roy Rubottom, Jr., for the year 1958, as maintained by the Office of the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs.
  • Rubottom Files: Lot 61 D 279
    • Working files of Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs R. Roy Rubottom, Jr., for the year 1959, as maintained by the Office of the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs.
  • Rubottom-Mann Files: Lot 62 D 418
    • Country and subject files of Assistant Secretaries of State for Inter-American Affairs R. Roy Rubottom, Jr., for the year 1960, and Thomas C. Mann for the years 1960–1961, as maintained by the Office of the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs.
  • Presidential Correspondence: Lot 66 D 204
    • Exchanges of correspondence between the President and heads of foreign governments, as well as certain correspondence of the Secretary of State, for the years 1953–1964, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • Secretary’s Memoranda of Conversation: Lot 64 D 199
    • Chronological collections of the Secretary of State’s memoranda of conversation and the Under Secretary of State’s memoranda of conversation for the years 1953–1960, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • Secretary’s Staff Meetings: Lot 63 D 75
    • Chronological collections of the minutes of the Secretary of State’s Staff Meetings during the years 1952–1960, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • S/P Files: Lot 67 D 548
    • Subject, country, and chronological files; documents; drafts; and related correspondence of the Policy Planning Staff for the years 1957–1961.
  • S/SNSC Files: Lot 62 D 1
    • Serial and subject master file of National Security Council documents and correspondence for the years 1948–1961, as maintained by the Policy Planning Staff.
  • S/SNSC Files: Lot 63 D 351
    • Serial file of National Security Council documents and correspondence for the years 1947–1961, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • S/SNSC Files: Lot 66 D 95
    • Administrative and miscellaneous National Security Council documentation for the years 1947–1963, including NSC Records of Action, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • State–JCS Meetings: Lot 61 D 417
    • Top Secret records of meetings between representatives of the Department of State and members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for the years 1951–1959 and selected problem files on the Middle East for the years 1954–1956, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • State–JCS Meetings: Lot 70 D 328
    • Top Secret records of meetings between representatives of the Department of State and members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for the years 1959–1963, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • Washington National Records Center, Suitland, Maryland
  • Record Group 84, Records of the Foreign Service Posts of the Department of State
  • Havana Embassy Files: FRC 67 A 677
    • Unclassified and classified files of the Embassy in Havana for the years 1959–1961.
  • Havana Embassy Files: FRC 68 A 1814
    • Limited Distribution files of the Embassy in Havana for the years 1959–1961.
  • Record Group 330, Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense
  • Lansdale Files: FRC 63 A 1803
    • Subject and country files maintained by Edward G. Lansdale as Deputy Assistant and later Assistant for Special Operations to the Secretary of Defense for the years 1957–1961.
  • OSD Files: FRC 63 A 1770
    • Files of Neil H. McElroy as Secretary of Defense, 1957–1959.
  • OSD Files: FRC 64 A 2093
    • Subject files of the Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and the Administrative Secretary to the Secretary of Defense for the year 1960.
  • OSD/ISA Files: FRC 62 A 1698
    • Country and general files of the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs for the year 1958.
  • OSD/ISA Files: FRC 63 A 1672
    • Country and general files of the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs for the year 1959.
  • OSD/ISA Files: FRC 64 A 2170
    • Country and general files of the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs for the year 1960.
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower Library, Abilene, Kansas
  • Council on Foreign Economic Policy (CFEP) Records
    • Records of the Council on Foreign Economic Policy for the years 1955–1961.
  • Dulles Papers
    • Records of John Foster Dulles for the years 1952–1959.
  • Herter Papers
    • Records of Christian A. Herter for the years 1957–1961.
  • President’s Daily Appointments
    • Daily appointment books of Dwight D. Eisenhower as President, 1953–1961.
  • Project “Clean Up” Records
    • Project “Clean Up” collection. Records of Gordon Gray, Robert Cutler, H. Romer McPhee, and Andrew J. Goodpaster.
  • Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Records
    • Records of the Office of the Special Assistant for National Security Affairs for the years 1952–1961, including records of Robert Cutler, Dillon Anderson, and Gordon Gray.
  • Staff Secretary Files
    • Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary (Paul T. Carroll, Andrew J. Goodpaster, L. Arthur Minnich, and Christopher H. Russell), for the years 1952–1961.
  • Whitman File
    • Papers of Dwight D. Eisenhower as President of the United States, 1953–1961, maintained by his personal secretary, Ann C. Whitman. The Whitman File includes the following elements: the Name Series, the DullesHerter Series, Eisenhower (DDE) Diaries, Ann Whitman (ACW) Diaries, National Security Council (NSC) Records, Cabinet Papers, Legislative Meetings, International Meetings, the Administration Series, and the International File.
  • National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.
  • General Records of the Department of State (Record Group 59)
    • OSS–State Intelligence Reports
  • National Defense University, Fort McNair, Washington, D.C.
  • Taylor Papers
    • Papers of General Maxwell D. Taylor, Chief of Staff of the Army, 1955–1959; Military Adviser to the President, 1961–1962.
  • Naval Historical Center, Washington, D.C.
  • Arleigh Burke Papers
    • Papers of Admiral Arleigh A. Burke, Chief of Naval Operations, 1955–1961.

Published Sources

  • Documentary Collections and Periodicals
  • Aguilar, Luis. Operation ZAPATA: The “Ultrasensitive” Report and Testimony of the Board of Inquiry on the Bay of Pigs. Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, 1983.
  • Bonachea, Rolando, and Valdes, Nelson P., eds. Selected Works of Fidel Castro . Vol. I: Revolutionary Struggle, 1947–1958. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1972.
  • Current Digest of the Soviet Press, vol. XII (1960).
  • The Declassified Documents Quarterly Catalog and microfiche. Vols. V (1979)–VII (1981). Washington: Carrollton Press, 1979–1981.
  • The Declassified Documents Quarterly Catalog and microfiche. Vols. VII (1981)–XII (1986). Woodbridge, CT: Research Publications, 1981–1986.
  • U.S. Department of State. American Foreign Policy: Basic Documents, 1950–1955. 2 vols. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1957.
  • ———. American Foreign Policy: Current Documents, 1958. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1962.
  • ———. American Foreign Policy: Current Documents, 1959. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1963.
  • ———. American Foreign Policy: Current Documents, 1960. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1964.
  • ———. A Decade of American Foreign Policy: Basic Documents, 1941–1949. Rev. Ed. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1985.
  • ———. Department of State Bulletin, 1958–1960.
  • ———. Inter-American Efforts To Relieve Tension in the Western Hemisphere, 1959–1960. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1962.
  • U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1958. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1959.
  • ———. Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1959. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1960.
  • ———. Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1960–61. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1961.
  • U.S. Senate. Communist Threat to the United States Through the Caribbean. Hearings before the Subcommittee To Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary. Eighty-Sixth Congress, First Session. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1959.
  • ———. Communist Threat to the United States Through the Caribbean. Hearings before the Subcommittee To Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary. Eighty-Sixth Congress, Second Session. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1960.
  • ———. Executive Sessions of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (Historical Series). Vol. X. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1960.
  • ———. State Department Security: Testimony of William Wieland . Hearings before the Subcommittee To Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary. Eighty-Seventh Congress, First Session. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1962.
  • Memoirs, Diaries, Reminiscences
  • Note: The following publications were consulted at the time this volume was prepared in 1985–1986. The Department of State takes no responsibility for their accuracy nor endorses their interpretation of the events.
  • Batista, Fulgencio. Cuba Betrayed. New York: Vantage Press, 1962.
  • Bonsal, Philip W. Cuba, Castro, and the United States. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1971.
  • Casuso, Teresa. Cuba and Castro. New York: Random House, 1961.
  • Dubois, Jules. Fidel Castro: Rebel-Liberator or Dictator? Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1959.
  • Eisenhower, Dwight D. Waging Peace: The White House Years, 1959–1961. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1965.
  • Farrell, Robert H., ed. The Eisenhower Diaries. New York: WW. Norton & Company, 1981.
  • Lazo, Mario. Dagger in the Heart: American Policy Failures in Cuba. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1968.
  • López Fresquet, Rufo. My 14 Months With Castro. Cleveland: World Publishing Co., 1966. Nixon, Richard M. The Memoirs of Richard Nixon . New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1978.
  • Smith, Earl E.T. The Fourth Floor: An Account of the Castro Communist Revolution. New York: Random House, 1962.
  • Urrutia, Manuel Lleó. Fidel Castro & Company, Inc. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1964.