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List of Persons

Editor’s Note: This list is designed to provide identification of those persons mentioned most frequently in this volume. The list generally covers only the years 1958–1960. All titles and positions are American unless otherwise indicated. Where no dates are given, the person usually held the position throughout the period. In some cases, it has not been possible to determine all positions and titles held.

  • Achilles, Theodore C., Ambassador to Peru; Counselor of the Department of State from March 18, 1960
  • Agramonte Pichado, Roberto, Cuban Minister of State (Foreign Minister), January–June 1959
  • Allen, George V., Director, United States Information Agency Amoedo, Julio, Argentine Ambassador to Cuba
  • Anderson, Orville C., Special Assistant for Public Affairs, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, until January 1960
  • Anderson, Robert B., Secretary of the Treasury
  • Arneson, R. Gordon, Deputy Director of Intelligence and Research, Department of State, until November 1959
  • Arroyo y Marquéz, Nicolás, Cuban Ambassador to the United States, April 1958–February 1959
  • Asbjornson, Mildred, Personal Secretary to Secretary of State Herter
  • Baird, Julian B., Under Secretary for Monetary Affairs, Department of the Treasury
  • Barnes, Robert G., Special Assistant to the Secretary of State for Mutual Security Coordination
  • Barquín, Colonel Ramón, supporter of 1952 Batista coup
  • Batista y Zaldívar, Fulgencio, President of Cuba until January 1, 1959
  • Beale, W. T. M., Jr., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs until February 1960
  • Bell, John O., Special Assistant to the Secretary of State for Mutual Security Coordination
  • Belt, Guillermo, Cuban Ambassador to the United States, 1944–1949
  • Berding, Andrew H., Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs
  • Bernau, Phyllis D., Personal Secretary to Secretary of State Dulles
  • Betancourt, Ernesto, Registered Agent in the United States for the 26th of July Movement until January 1959
  • Betancourt, Rómulo, President of Venezuela from February 1959
  • Bethel, Paul D., Public Affairs Officer and Attaché at the Embassy in Cuba
  • Bissell, Richard M., Jr., Deputy Director for Operations, Central Intelligence Agency
  • Boggs, Marion W., Deputy Executive Secretary of the National Security Council from 1959
  • Bohlen, Charles E., Special Assistant to the Secretary of State from December 1959
  • Bonesteel, Major General Charles H., USA, Secretary of the General Staff, Office of the Chief of Staff
  • Bonsal, Philip W., Ambassador to Bolivia until February 1959; Ambassador to Cuba, March 1959–October 1960
  • Boti Leon, Regino, Cuban Minister of National Economy from January 1959
  • Bowdler, William B., Second Secretary of the Embassy in Cub
  • Braddock, Daniel M., Counselor of the Embassy in Cuba
  • Buch, Luis M., Secretary to the Cabinet in the Cuban Government formed in January 1959
  • Burke, Admiral Arleigh A., USN, Chief of Naval Operations
  • Cabell, General C. P., USAF, Deputy Director of Central Intelligence
  • Caccia, Sir Harold A., British Ambassador to the United States
  • Calhoun, John A., Deputy Director of the Executive Secretariat, Department of State, until September 1958; Director, September 1958–September 1960
  • Campa y Caraveda, Miguel Angel de la, Cuban Ambassador to the United States until March 1958
  • Cantillo y Porras, Eulogio, Commander, Cuban Government forces in Santiago, September–December 1958
  • Carrillo, Justo, leader of the Montecristi Group
  • Castro Ruz, Fidel, Commander in Chief of the Cuban Armed Forces, January–February 1959; thereafter Prime Minister of Cuba
  • Castro Ruz, Raúl, Commander in Chief of the Cuban Armed Forces from February 1959; also Minister of the Revolutionary Armed Forces from October 1959
  • Centoz, Monsignor Luigi, Papal Nuncio in Cuba
  • Cepero Bonilla, Raúl, Cuban Minister of Commerce, January 1958–September 1959
  • Chibas, Raúl, exile leader of the Ortodoxo party
  • Chomón, Fauré, leader of the Directorio Revolucionario; Cuban Ambassador to the Soviet Union after the restoration of relations in May 1960
  • Cienfuegos, Camilo, Chief of Staff of the Cuban Armed Forces, January–October 1959
  • Cienfuegos, Osmani, Cuban Minister of Public Works from November 26, 1959
  • Coerr, Wymberly DeR., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs from October 1960
  • Cofiño, Angel, leader of the Cuban Electrical Workers’ Union and the Confederación de Trabajadores; subsequently Cuban exile leader
  • Conte Aguërro, Luis, Cuban journalist; First Secretary of the Cuban People’s Party (Ortodoxo) in 1947; subsequently Secretary-General
  • Cooley, Harold D., Democratic Representative from North Carolina; Chairman of the House Agriculture Committee
  • Cramer, William B., Republican Senator from Florida
  • Crosby, Lawrence, President, Cuban-American Sugar Council; Vice Chairman, Atlantica del Golfo Sugar Company
  • Cumming, Hugh S., Jr., Director, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State
  • Cushing, Richard G., Director, Office of Public Information, United States Information Agency, February 1958–January 1960; detailed to the Office of the Public Affairs Adviser, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, Department of State, January–May 1960; thereafter Deputy Public Affairs Officer at the Embassy in Mexico
  • Da Cunha, Leitao, Brazilian Ambassador to Cuba
  • Decker, General George H., Vice Chief of Staff, U.S. Army, 1959–1960; Chief of Staff, 1960
  • Dennison, Admiral Robert L., USN, Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic
  • DeSeabra, A. José, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, Department of State
  • Devine, Frank J., Office of South American Affairs, Department of State, until March 9, 1958; Staff Assistant, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, March 9, 1958–August 21, 1960; thereafter Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs
  • Diaz Lanz, Pedro Luis, Chief of the Cuban Air Force, January–June 1959
  • Diaz Tamayo, General Martin, Commander of Batista’s forces in Oriente Province; dismissed in 1957
  • Dihigo, Ernesto, Cuban Ambassador to the United States, March–December 1959
  • Dillon, C. Douglas, Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, July 1958–June 1959; thereafter Under Secretary of State
  • Dirksen, Everett M., Republican Senator from Illinois
  • Dodd, Thomas J., Democratic Senator from Connecticut
  • Donhauser, Robert, Special Assistant to the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, March 1958–August 1959; Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, August 1959–August 1960
  • Dorticós Torrado, Osvaldo, Cuban Minister Charged with Drafting and Study of Revolutionary Laws, January–July 1959; thereafter President of Cuba
  • Douglas, James H., Jr., Secretary of the Air Force until December 1959; thereafter Deputy Secretary of Defense
  • Dreier, John C., Director of the Office of Inter-American Regional Political Affairs, Department of State, and U.S. Representative to the Council of the Organization of American States until September 1960
  • Dulles, Allen W., Director of Central Intelligence
  • Dulles, John Foster, Secretary of State until April 1959
  • Eastland, James O., Democratic Senator from Mississippi
  • Eisenhower, Dwight D., President of the United States
  • Eisenhower, Major John S.D., Assistant Staff Secretary to the President from October 1958
  • Eisenhower, Milton S., President of John Hopkins University
  • Erskine, General Graves B., USA, Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Special Operations
  • Farland, Joseph S., Ambassador to the Dominican Republic until May 1960
  • Fenno, Rear Admiral Frank W., Jr. (Mike), Commander, U.S. Naval Base, Guantanamo
  • Figueres Ferrer, José, President of Costa Rica until February 1958
  • Fisk, Bradley, Assistant Secretary of Commerce
  • Font, Marcelo Fernandez, Acting Cuban Foreign Minister
  • Franqui, Carlos, Editor of the Cuban newspaper Revolución until January 1959
  • Fulbright, J. William, Democratic Senator from Arkansas; Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
  • Gates, Thomas S., Jr., Secretary of the Navy until June 1959; Deputy Secretary of Defense until December 1959; thereafter Secretary of Defense
  • Gilmore, Eugene A., Jr., Counselor for Economic Affairs of the Embassy in Cuba
  • Gleason, S. Everett, Deputy Executive Secretary of the National Security Council
  • Goodpaster, Brigadier General Andrew J., USA, White House Staff Secretary
  • Grau San Martin, Ramón, President of Cuba, 1944–1948
  • Gray, George O., First Secretary of the Embassy in Cuba from December 1959
  • Gray, Gordon, Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs
  • Green, Howard C., Canadian Secretary of State for External Affairs from 1959
  • Greene, Joseph N., Jr., Special Assistant to the Secretary of State
  • Güell, Gonzalo, Cuban Minister of State (Foreign Minister) until January 1959; also Prime Minister of Cuba, March 1958–January 1959
  • Guerra, Oscar H., Consul at Santiago de Cuba
  • Guevara Serna, Ernesto (Che), President of the Cuban National Bank from November 1959
  • Hager, Eric H., Legal Adviser, Department of State, from August 1959
  • Hagerty, James C., Press Secretary to the President
  • Hall, Carlos, Director, Office of Research and Analysis for American Republics, Department of State, from February 1959
  • Hanes, John W., Jr., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs until January 1959; thereafter Administrator of the Bureau of Security and Consular Affairs
  • Harr, Karl G., Jr., Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, until March 1958; thereafter Special Assistant to the President and Vice Chairman of the Operations Coordinating Board
  • Hart Daválos, Armando, Cuban Minister of Education from January 1959
  • Henderson, Loy W., Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration
  • Herfurt, Jack A., Deputy Executive Director, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, until August 1959; Executive Director until August 1960
  • Herter, Christian A., Under Secretary of State until April 1959; thereafter Secretary of State
  • Hill, John C., Jr., Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs, July 1958–August 1960
  • Hood, Viscount, Minister of the British Embassy in the United States
  • Hoover, J. Edgar, Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • Howe, Walter, Ambassador to Chile from June 1958
  • Hoyt, Henry A., Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs until August 1958
  • Irwin, John N., II, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense
  • Javits, Jacob A., Republican Senator from New York
  • Johnson, Robert H., member, National Security Council Staff, until 1959; Director, Planning Board Secretariat, National Security Council, from 1959
  • Kennedy, John F., Democratic Senator from Massachusetts; President-elect of the United States from November 1960
  • Khrushchev, Nikita S., Chairman of the Central Committee of the Presidium of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
  • Krebs, Max V., Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of State
  • Kubitschek de Oliveira, Juscelino, President of Brazil
  • Lansdale, Edward G., Deputy Assistant for Special Operations, Office of the Secretary of Defense
  • Lay, James S., Jr., Executive Secretary of the National Security Council
  • Lemnitzer, General Lyman L., USA, Chief of Staff, United States Army, July 1959–September 1960; thereafter Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • Leonhardy, Terrence G., Officer in Charge of Cuban Affairs, Department of State, until December 1958
  • Lightner, E. Allan, Jr., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs until January 1959
  • Little, Edward S., Officer in Charge of Caribbean Affairs, Department of State, until September 1958; Deputy Director, Office of Caribbean and Mexican Affairs, September 1958–September 1959
  • Lloyd, Selwyn, British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
  • López Fresquet, Rufo, Cuban Minister of Finance, January 1959–March 1960
  • López Mateos, Adolfo, President of Mexico
  • Macmillan, Harold, British Prime Minister
  • Macomber, William B., Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Affairs
  • Mallory, Lester D., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs
  • Mann, Thomas C, Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, until August 28, 1960; thereafter Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs
  • Mansfield, Mike, Democratic Senator from Montana; member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
  • Marinello, Juan, President of the Cuban Partido Socialista Popular
  • Marquéz Sterling, Carlos, Cuban Ortodoxo party leader; defeated candidate in the 1958 Cuban Presidential election
  • Martin, Edwin M., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, January–August 1960; thereafter Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs
  • Martinez Paez, Julio, Cuban Minister of Health
  • Masferrer, Rodolfo, member of the Cuban Senate until January 1959
  • Matos, Huber, Military Governer of Camagüey Province, January–October 1959
  • Mau, Frank A., Executive Secretariat, Department of State
  • McCone, John A., Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission from July 1958
  • McElhiney, Thomas W., Deputy Director of the Executive Secretariat, Department of State
  • McElroy, Neil H., Secretary of Defense, October 1957–December 1959
  • Merchant, Livingston T., Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, August–December 1959; thereafter Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs
  • Merriam, Robert E., Deputy Assistant to the President for Interdepartmental Affairs from September 1958
  • Meyer, Joaquin, Financial Counselor of the Cuban Embassy in the United States
  • Mikoyan, Anastas I., First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union
  • Minnich, L. Arthur, Assistant Staff Secretary to the President until August 1960
  • Miró Cardona, José, Prime Minister of Cuba, January–February 1959
  • Morgan, George A., member, Policy Planning Staff, April 1958–August 1959; thereafter Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Policy Planning
  • Morgan, Gerald D., Deputy Assistant to the President
  • Morse, True D., Under Secretary of Agriculture
  • Morse, Wayne, Democratic Senator from Oregon
  • Mueller, Frederick H., Under Secretary of Commerce, November 1958–August 1959; thereafter Secretary of Commerce
  • Mujal, Eusebio, Secretary-General of the Cuban Confederation of Labor
  • Muñoz Marín, Luis, Governor of Puerto Rico
  • Murphy, Robert D., Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs until August 1959; Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, August–December 1959
  • Neidle, A.F., Office of the Legal Adviser, Department of State
  • Nixon, Richard M., Vice President of the United States
  • Nuñez Jiménez, Antonio, Director of the Cuban Agrarian Reform Institute from June 1959
  • Nuñez Portuondo, Emilio, Cuban Ambassador to the United Nations until January 1959
  • Oltuski Ozacki, Enriquez, Cuban Minister of Communications, January 1959–July 1960
  • Owen, Henry D., member, Policy Planning Staff, Department of State
  • Owen, Richard B., Office of Caribbean and Mexican Affairs, Department of State
  • Paarlberg, Donald, Assistant Secretary of Agriculture, until October 1958; thereafter Special Assistant to the President for Economic Affairs
  • Pardo Llada, José, Cuban radio commentator
  • Pazos, Felipe, President of the Cuban National Bank, January–November 1959
  • Pérez Serrente, Cardinal Enrique, Archbishop of Santiago de Cuba
  • Persons, General Wilton B., Assistant to the President from October 1958
  • Piad, Carlos, Cuban exile leader
  • Piedra y Piedra, Carlos Manuel, Cuban Supreme Court judge designated Provisional President on the resignation of Batista
  • Porter, Charles O., Democratic Representative from Oregon
  • Portuondo, see Nuñez Portuondo
  • Powell, Adam Clayton, Democratic Senator from New York
  • Prio Socorrás, Carlos, President of Cuba, 1948–1952
  • Pujol, Guillermo Alonso, Vice President in Prío Socarrás government
  • Quarles, Donald A., Deputy Secretary of Defense until May 1959
  • Ramsey, Henry C., member, Policy Planning Staff, Department of State
  • Ray, Manuel Antonio, Cuban Minister of Public Works, January–November 1959
  • Redington, Robert J., Office of Inter-American Regional Political Affairs, Department of State
  • Reed, Henry C., Office of Inter-American Regional Political Affairs, Department of State
  • Rehm, John B., Office of the Assistant Legal Adviser for Mutual Security Affairs, Department of State
  • Reinhardt, G. Frederick, Counselor of the Department of State
  • Rey, Santiago, Cuban Minister of Interior
  • Rice, Edward C., member, Policy Planning Staff, Department of State
  • Rivero Agüero, Andrés, President-elect of Cuba, November–December 1958
  • Roa, Raúl, Cuban Representative on the Council of the Organization of American States, January–June 1959; thereafter Cuban Minister of State (Foreign Minister)
  • Rogers, William B., Attorney General of the United States
  • Ross, Robert W., Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, Department of State
  • Rubottom, R. Roy, Jr., Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs until August 1960; thereafter Ambassador in Argentina
  • Salvador, David, Secretary-General of the Cuban Confederation of Workers, January–November 1959
  • Sanchez Arango, Aureliano, Foreign Minister in Prío Socarrás government
  • Schow, Major General Robert A., Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Army
  • Scribner, Fred C., Jr., Under Secretary of the Treasury
  • Smathers, George A., Democratic Senator from Florida
  • Smith, Earl E. T., Ambassador to Cuba until January 1959
  • Smith, Gerard C., Assistant Secretary of State for Policy Planning
  • Smith, Wayne S., Third Secretary of the Embassy in Cuba from July 1958
  • Snow, William P., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs until November 1959
  • Somoza Debayle, Luis, President of Nicaragua
  • Sorí Marín, Humberto, Cuban Minister of Agriculture, January–November 1959
  • Spencer, George O., Officer in Charge of Inter-American Security and Military Assistance, Department of State
  • Stans, Maurice, Director, Bureau of the Budget
  • Stephansky, Benjamin, Office of Inter-American Regional Political Affairs, Department of State
  • Stevenson, Robert A., Division of Research and Analysis for American Republics, Department of State, until December 1958; Officer in Charge of Cuban Affairs, Office of Caribbean and Mexican Affairs, December 1958–October 1960; thereafter Deputy Director, Office of Caribbean and Mexican Affairs
  • Stewart, C. Allan, Deputy Director, Office of Middle American Affairs, Department of State, until September 1958; Director, Office of Central American and Panamanian Affairs, September 1958–March 1960
  • Swing, General Joseph, Commissioner, Immigration and Naturalization Service
  • Topping, John L., Second Secretary of the Embassy in Cuba until February 1958; thereafter First Secretary
  • Trujillo y Molina, Generalissimo Rafael B., Commander in Chief of the Dominican Republic Armed Forces
  • Turkel, Harry R., Director, Office of Inter-American Regional Economic Affairs, Department of State
  • Twining, General Nathan F., USAF, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff until September 1960
  • Urrutia Lleó, Manuel, President of Cuba, January–July 1959
  • Vaky, Viron P., Office of South American Affairs, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, Department of State, until July 1959; thereafter Second Secretary of the Embassy in Colombia
  • Vallon, Edwin E., Deputy Director, Office of Caribbean and Mexican Affairs, Department of State, October 1959–September 1960; thereafter Director
  • Varona, Manuel Antonio de, Coordinator of Frente Revolucionario Democratico
  • Wadsworth, James J., Representative at the United Nations from September 1960
  • Wardlaw, Andrew B., Chief, Division of Research and Analysis for American Republics, Department of State, July 1958–February 1959
  • Washburn, Abbott M., Deputy Director, United States Information Agency
  • Wellman, Harvey R., Counselor for Political Affairs of the Embassy in Cuba from September 1960
  • White, Lincoln P., Chief of the News Division, Department of State
  • Whiteman, Marjorie M., Assistant Legal Adviser for Inter-American Affairs, Department of State
  • Whitman, Ann C., Personal Secretary to President Eisenhower
  • Wiecha, Robert D., Vice Consul at Santiago de Cuba until June 1959; Attaché at the Embassy in Cuba, June 1959–October 1960
  • Wieland, William A., Director, Office of Middle American Affairs, Department of State, until September 1958; Director, Office of Caribbean and Mexican Affairs, September 1958–October 1960
  • Wigglesworth, Richard B., Ambassador to Canada, December 1958–October 1960
  • Willauer, Whiting, Ambassador to Honduras until March 1958; Ambassador to Costa Rica, May 1958–December 1960; thereafter Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs
  • Wilson, James M., Deputy Special Assistant to the Secretary of State for Mutual Security Coordination
  • Wollam, Park F., Staff Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs until February 1958; Consul at Santiago de Cuba, February 1958–August 1960
  • Wright, Admiral Jerauld, USN, Commander in Chief, Atlantic and U.S. Atlantic Fleet, until February 1960
  • Young, John Parke, Chairman of the Working Group on the Cuban Economic Situation