Editorial Note

On November 11, 1954, the 15 member nations contributing to the United Nations effort in Korea (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Colombia, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, the Philippines, Thailand, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States) submitted their report on the Geneva Conference to the Ninth Session of the United Nations General Assembly. The text of the report is in United Nations document A/2786. It reiterated the points made in the Declaration of the Sixteen on United Nations authority and the need for free, supervised elections in Korea, noted [Page 394] that the Communist delegations rejected these points, and stated that the Geneva Conference should be regarded as the political conference referred to in Article 60 of the Korean Armistice Agreement and in United Nations General Assembly Resolution 711 (VII) of August 28, 1953. The report also specified that the failure of the Geneva Conference to solve the Korean question did not prejudice the armistice in Korea, which remained in effect. After debate, the Assembly adopted by a vote of 50 in favor (including the United States) to 5 opposed (Byelorussian S.S.R., Czechoslovakia, Poland, Ukrainian S.S.R., U.S.S.R.), with 4 abstentions (Burma, India, Indonesia, and Syria), Resolution 811 (IX), December 11, 1954, sponsored by the 15 powers, which approved the report on the Korean Political Conference.

For documentation on the report and its adoption by. the United Nations General Assembly, see volume XV.