ODA Files, Lot 60 D 512
Memorandum by the Deputy Director of the Office of Dependent Area Affairs (Jones) to the Assistant Secretary of State for United Nations Affairs (Hickerson)
Discussions on Dependent Area Affairs With Non-Administering Countries
I refer to Mr. Gerig’s memorandum of June 11, 1951,1 which you approved, setting forth the plans for holding discussions on dependent area affairs with non-administering members of the United Nations. UND, assisted by appropriate officers from the geographical bureaus, has now held discussions with representatives of the missions of all NEA countries with the exception of Ethiopia. Discussions were also held with representatives of the missions of China, Thailand and the Philippines. It was not found possible to arrange to hold discussions with the Burmese and Indonesians because of the imminence of the opening of the General Assembly at the time the missions of these countries were invited to consult. Copies of the memorandum setting forth United States views, however, were transmitted to the missions of these two countries. As you are aware, it was decided to hold the consultations with a majority of ARA countries in the field and despatches from our missions indicate that most of these discussions have now been held.
I consider that the discussions were successful and that they resulted in a greater appreciation on the part of the representatives of the participating governments of the United States positions with respect to the consideration of dependent area questions by the United Nations. I am not certain, however, that the favorable outcome of the discussions will counter the intensification of the anti-colonial trend which will undoubtedly result from the raising of the Moroccan question2 and other recent developments in the Middle East. Consequently, I fear that the general atmosphere in the Fourth Committee will not appear to have been altered substantially as the result of the non-administering talks.
There is attached a report summarizing briefly the views set forth by the non-administering representatives on the more important subjects discussed. As would be expected, it was the consensus of the majority of the representatives that the progress of dependent peoples towards self-government or independence was too slow and should be accelerated. One point which emerged during most of the conversations in [Page 621]which I participated impressed me greatly: the non-administering powers made a clear distinction between the United States and the other administering powers. While their statements along these lines must be discounted to a certain degree, I am still convinced that the non-administering powers do not consider the United States as motivated by the same considerations in the colonial field as the other administering powers.
I think that we should give consideration to the advisability of carrying out similar consultations prior to the 1952 meeting of the General Assembly. If this suggestion is adopted, I strongly recommend that the invitations to consult be transmitted at a sufficiently early date to permit the missions here in Washington to obtain the views of their governments on the topics to be discussed. It was unfortunate, in my opinion, that in the consultations which we carried out this year the great majority of the representatives stated that they had not had time to obtain the views of their government and that, consequently, it should be understood that they were expressing only their personal views.