United States Representation in the United Nations System, 1951 1

Missions

Mission at the Headquarters of the United Nations

The United States is represented by a permanent mission at the headquarters of the United Nations in New York. Under the direction of the representative of the United States to the United Nations, the mission carries out the instructions of the President, as transmitted by the Secretary of State, in United Nations bodies at the headquarters of the United Nations. It also serves as the channel of communication [Page 3]between the Department of State and the United Nations organs, agencies, and commissions at the headquarters and the delegations of other nations to the United Nations located in New York. It is a base of operations for the United States delegation to the General Assembly when the Assembly meets in New York.

The structure, organization, and functions of the United States mission to the United Nations have been determined in the main by the following factors:

1.
The requirements of the United Nations Charter and the resolutions of the organs of the United Nations, the General Assembly in particular.
2.
The provisions of the United Nations Participation Act as amended by Public Law 341 of the Eighty-first Congress.
3.
Executive Order 10108, which superseded Executive Order 9844.
4.
Location of the headquarters of the United Nations in the United States and the consequent need for the United States to assume the responsibilities of “host government.”
5.
The fact that the United States, in consequence of its leadership role in the United Nations, is represented on all organs and virtually all commissions and committees of the United Nations.

The chief of the mission is the United States representative to the United Nations, who, by statute, is the United States representative in the Security Council. He is assisted by a deputy representative of the United States to the United Nations, who, by statute, is deputy United States representative in the Security Council. There is also a second deputy representative in the Security Council. Other principal officers of the mission are the United States representatives on the Economic and Social Council and the Trusteeship Council.

During 1951 the chief of the mission served, with the assistance of deputies, as United States representative in the Atomic Energy Commission, in the Commission for Conventional Armaments, and in the following Committees of the General Assembly: The Interim Committee, the Collective Measures Committee, and the Committee on Additional Measures. The Disarmament Commission, established under a General Assembly resolution of January 11, 1952, supersedes the Atomic Energy Commission and the Commission for Conventional Armaments. The United States representative and a deputy representative have been designated to serve on this Commission.

The main source of policy guidance and strategical direction for the conduct of the United States participation in the United Nations is necessarily the Department of State. The mission, however, has a staff consisting of a small number of advisers and a secretariat under a secretary-general and a deputy secretary-general. The advisers assist the United States representative in (1) planning the tactical pursuit of United States policy objectives in the light of the political and [Page 4]parliamentary situations in United Nations organs and bodies; (2) consultation, negotiation, and liaison with other delegations and the United Nations Secretariat. The secretariat of the mission assists the United States representative in (1) the coordination of the above activities; (2) the provision of necessary research, reference, reporting, and communications services; (3) the discharge of the responsibilities of the United States as “host government,” in particular those arising from the headquarters agreement between the United States and the United Nations (Public Law 357, 80th Cong.) and the International Organizations Immunities Act (Public Law 291, 79th Cong.), which deal inter alia with relations of the United Nations, its officials, and delegation members with Federal, State, and local authorities; and (4) the administration and management of the United States mission.

Other United States Missions

In addition to the United States mission to the United Nations during 1951 the United States maintained several special missions in order to participate effectively in the work of certain bodies of the United Nations which did not have headquarters in the United States.

During 1951 a permanent resident delegation to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe was maintained at Geneva. It worked with the Commission and its committees in efforts to readjust the production and distribution of coal, electric power, lumber, steel, and other commodities for the purpose of assisting the economic reconstruction of Europe. United States representatives were also sent to the meetings of the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East, and the Economic Commission for Latin America.

Special missions also were maintained during 1951 to make possible effective participation in the work of certain field missions and specialized agencies of the United Nations. United States representatives served, for example, with the United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine, the United Nations Commission for Indonesia (until April 1951), the United Nations Special Committee on the Balkans, the Advisory Commission of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, and the United Nations Council for Libya. The work of these bodies is described in the text of this report.

During 1951 there was at Geneva a United States representative for specialized agency affairs, charged with maintaining liaison for the United States with the International Refugee Organization, the International Labor Organization, and the World Health Organization, as well as with various other United Nations bodies in Europe. A special United States mission, the office of the United States representative [Page 5]to the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organization, was maintained at Montreal. Liaison was also maintained with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) through a counselor on UNESCO affairs stationed at the American Embassy at Paris.

United States Representatives to the United Nations, Its Organs, Subsidiary Bodies, and the Specialized Agencies

United States representative and chief of United States mission to the United Nations

Warren R. Austin

Deputy United States representative

Ernest A. Gross

the general assembly

Sixth Regular Session, Paris, November 6, 1951

Representatives

Dean G. Acheson, Secretary of State, Chairman of Delegation

Warren R. Austin

Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt

Congressman Mike J. Mansfield

Congressman John M. Vorys

Philip C. Jessup*

Alternate representatives

Benjamin V. Cohen

John Sherman Cooper

Ernest A. Gross

Miss Anna Lord Strauss

Channing H. Tobias

Interim Committee of the General Assembly

Representative

Warren R. Austin

Deputy representatives

Charles P. Noyes (resigned April 8, 1951)

James N.Hyde

William O. Hall (appointed January 11, 1952)

Committee on Information From N on-Self-Governing Territories

Representative

Benjamin O. Gerig

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the security council

Representative

Warren R. Austin

Deputy representatives

Ernest A. Gross

John C. Ross

united nations atomic energy commission (aec)

Representative

Warren R. Austin

Acting deputy representative

John C. Ross

commission for conventional armaments ( cca )

Representative

Warren R. Austin

Deputy representative

Frank C. Nash

disarmament commission

(superseded AEC and CCA January 11, 1952)

Representative

Warren R. Austin

Deputy representative

Benjamin V. Cohen

military staff committee

Representatives:

Army: Lt. Gen. W. D. Crittenberger, U.S.A.

Navy: Vice Adm. B. H. Bieri, U.S.N. (resigned May 15, 1951)

Vice Adm. Oscar C. Badger, U.S.N. (resigned May 13, 1952)

Vice Adm. Arthur D. Struble, U.S.N. (appointed May 14, 1952)

Air Force: Lt. Gen. H. R. Harmon, U.S.A.F.

Deputy representatives

Army: Col. C. P. Townsley, U.S.A.

Navy: Capt. W. A. Riley, U.S.N.

Air Force: Col. L. H. Rodieck, U.S.A.F.

the economic and social council

Representative

Isador Lubin

Deputy representatives

Leroy D. Stinebower (resigned March 14, 1952)

Walter M. Kotschnig

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Commissions of the Economic and Social Council and United States. Representatives

Social: Arthur J. Altmeyer

Narcotics: Harry J. Anslinger

Transport and Communications (not to convene until 1953): George P. Baker

Fiscal (not to convene until 1953): Edward F. Bartelt

Population (not to convene until 1953): Philip M. Hauser (resigned June 1951)

Status of Women: Mrs. Olive Remington Goldman

Economic, Employment and Development Commission (discontinued until December 31, 1954): Leroy D. Stinebower (resigned March 14, 1952)

Statistical: Stuart A. Rice

Human Rights: Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt

Regional Commissions of the Economic and Social Council

Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East

United States representative (eighth session)

Merrill C. Gay

Alternate United States representative (eighth session)

Walter M. Kotschnig

Economic Commission for Europe

United States representatives

Milton Katz (resigned August 15, 1951)

William H. Draper (seventh session)

Alternate representatives

Paul R. Porter (seventh session)

Robert E. Asher (seventh session)

Economic Commission for Latin America

United States representative

Claude G. Bowers

Acting representative (fourth session)

Merwin L. Bohan

the trusteeship council

United States representative

Francis B. Sayre

Deputy representative

Benjamin Gerig

international children’s emergency fund

United States representative, Executive Board

Katharine F. Lenroot

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Alternate

Frances K. Kernohan

special committees and commissions of the general assembly

Generai Assembly: United Nations Special Committee on the Balkans (terminated February 5, 1952)

United States representative

Jefferson Patterson

General Assembly: United Nations Collective Measures Committee

United States representative

Warren R. Austin

Deputy representative

Harding F. Bancroft

General Assembly: United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine

United States representative

Ely E.Palmer

Acting deputy representative

James W. Barco

General Assembly: United Nations Peace Observation Commission

United States representative

Ernest A. Gross

General Assembly: Balkan Subcommission of the Peace Observation Commission

United States representative

Ernest A. Gross

General Assembly: United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East

United States representative, Advisory Commission

John B. Blandford, Jr. (resigned June 30, 1951)

Robert B. Macatee, acting (August 31, 1951 to February 20, 1952)

Edwin A. Locke, Jr., representative (appointed February 21, 1952)

General Assembly: United Nations Council for Libya (1951)

United States representative

Lewis Clark

General Assembly: Additional Measures Committee

United States representative

Warren R. Austin

Deputy representative

Ernest A. Gross

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General Assembly: Advisory Committee to the Agent General of the United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency

United States representative

Isador Lubin

Deputy representative

Graham R. Hall

specialized agencies of the united nations

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

United States member, FAO Council

Clarence S. McCormick (June 1951 meeting)

Stanley Andrews (November 1951 meeting)

Alternate United States member

Fred J. Rossiter

Associate United States members

John W. Evans (June 1951 meeting)

Francis Linville (November 1951 meeting)

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

United States Governor, Board of Governors

John W. Snyder

Alternate United States Governor

James E. Webb

United States Executive Director

William McC. Martin, Jr.

Alternate United States Executive Director

John S. Hooker

International Civil Aviation Organization

United States representative to the Council

Paul A. Smith

Alternate United States representative on the Council and United States representative on the Air Transport Committee

Norman P. Seagrave

Alternate United States representative on the Council and United States member on the Air Navigation Commission

Claude H. Smith

International Labor Organization

Representative of the Government of the United States to the Governing Body of the International Labor Office

Philip M. Kaiser

Arnold Zempel, substitute

International Monetary Fund

United States Governor, Board of Governors

John W. Snyder

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Alternate United States Governor

James E. Webb

United States Executive Director

Frank A. Southard, Jr.

Alternate United States Executive Director

John S. Hooker

International Telecommunication Union

United States representative. Administrative Council

Francis Colt de Wolf

Alternate United States representative, Administrative Council

Harvey B. Otterman

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

American member in personal capacity on Executive Board (elected by organization itself)

Luther H. Evans

Universal Postal Union

United States member, Executive Liaison Committee

John M. Redding

Alternate United States member, Executive Liaison Committee

John J. Gillen

World Health Organization

United States member, Executive Board

Dr. H. van Zile Hyde

World Meteorological Organization

United States representative, Executive Council, and president

Francis W. Reichelderfer

  1. Source text is from United States Participation in the united Nations: Report by the President to the Congress for the Year 1951 (Department of State Publication 4583, Washington, 1952), pp. 316 323.
  2. Mr. Jessup served as a representative in the absence of the Secretary of State. [Footnote in the source text.]
  3. Mr. Gross served as an alternate representative in the absence of the Secretary of State. [Footnote in the source text.]