A.E.C. Files (Historical Doc. No. 225)

The British Lord President of the Council (Anderson) to the Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development (Bush)

most secret

My Dear Dr. Bush, Many thanks for your letter of the 3rd August1 and the documents which you kindly sent me with it.

As you know, the Prime Minister prepared some draft Heads of Agreement after our meeting in London and sent a copy of them to [Page 646] Mr. Stimson.2 I have been working on this document in the light of our talk and I now send you an expanded version of it which I have entitled:—“Draft articles of Agreement governing collaboration between the authorities of the U.S.A. and the U.K. in the matter of Tube Alloys ”.

My idea is that we should try to reach agreement on a draft along these lines and submit it as soon as possible to the President and the Prime Minister for their consideration.

You will see that in the draft articles I have dealt with the broad principles on which interchange of information should be conducted. I contemplate, however, that there should be a second memorandum setting out with greater precision and detail the arrangements which should govern the direct interchange of information between the groups in our two countries working on each section of the project. If the wording of the document dated the 15th of December 1942,3 and enclosed in your letter, were altered to make it clear that it applied to interchange on this level only, I agree with you that it might well serve as a basis for this second memorandum. The details would, of course, need modification in the light of the programme of work agreed by the combined Policy Committee; but I imagine that you always intended that these arrangements should be reviewed and amended in the light of alterations made from time to time in our respective programmes.

The draft articles have been prepared in a form suitable for an agreement between the U.S.A. and the U.K. only. We shall, I think, have to discuss together and with the Canadians the question of Canadian participation which would, of course, necessitate appropriate changes in the form and wording. But we need not let that delay us in our immediate task of settling the kind of clauses which should be contained in the agreement, whether the Canadians come in or not.

Finally, may I thank you very much for sending me the statement on the possible use of radio-active material in warfare.4 This is a matter to which we also have given some attention. I shall look forward to receiving the more detailed report to which you refer, and I will, on my return, at once have the results of our studies checked against yours.

Yours very sincerely,

John Anderson
[Page 647]

Draft Agreement

Draft Articles of Agreement Governing Collaboration Between the Authorities of the U.S.A. and the U.K. in the Matter of Tube Alloys

1. Whereas it is vital to our common safety in the present War to bring the Tube Alloys project to fruition at the earliest moment; and whereas this may be more speedily achieved if all available British and American brains and resources are pooled; and whereas owing to war conditions it would be an improvident use of war resources to duplicate plants on a large scale on both sides of the Atlantic and therefore a far greater expense will fall upon the United States;

It is agreed between us

  • First, that we will never use this agency against each other.
  • Secondly, that we will not use it against third parties without each other’s consent.
  • Thirdly, that we will not either of us communicate any information about Tube Alloys to third parties except by mutual consent.
  • Fourthly, that in view of the heavy burden of production falling upon the United States as the result of a wise division of war effort, the British Government recognize that any post-war advantages of an industrial or commercial character shall be dealt with as between the United States and Great Britain on terms to be specified by the President of the United States to the Prime Minister of Great Britain. The Prime Minister expressly disclaims any interest in these industrial and commercial aspects beyond what may be considered by the President of the United States to be fair and just and in harmony with the economic welfare of the world.
  • And Fifthly, that the following arrangements shall be made to ensure full and effective collaboration between the two countries in bringing the project to fruition:—
    There shall be set up in Washington a Combined Policy Committee composed of:—[blank.] The functions of this Committee, subject to the control of the respective Governments, will be:—
    To agree from time to time upon the programme of work to be carried out in the two countries.
    To keep all sections of the project under constant review.
    To allocate materials, apparatus and plant, in limited supply, in accordance with the requirements of the programme agreed by the Committee.
    To settle any questions which may arise on the interpretation or application of this Agreement.
    There shall be complete interchange of information and ideas on all sections of the project between members of the Policy Committee and their immediate technical advisers.
    In the field of scientific research and development there shall be full and effective interchange of information and ideas between those in the two countries engaged in the same sections of the field.
    In the field of design, construction and operation of large-scale plants, interchange of information and ideas shall be regulated by such ad hoc arrangements as may, in each section of the field, appear to be necessary or desirable if the project is to be brought to fruition at the earliest moment. Such ad hoc arrangements shall be subject to the approval of the Policy Committee.

  1. Ante, p. 640.
  2. See ante, p. 637.
  3. See ante, p. 640.
  4. Not printed.