List of papers

I. THE THIRD WASHINGTON CONFERENCE

1. Pre-Conference Papers

a. papers on atomic energy

Date Paper Page
1943 Feb. 16 Prime Minister Churchill to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Reminder about reciprocity in the matter of atomic energy research ( Tube Alloys ).
1
Feb. 24 The President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins) to Prime Minister Churchill
Request for precise information about the misunderstanding over Tube Alloys .
1
Feb. 27 Prime Minister Churchill to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Request for resumption of American-British cooperation on the atomic bomb project.
2
Feb. 27 Prime Minister Churchill to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Memorandum summarizing the history of American-British relations regarding Tube Alloys .
3
Mar. 20 Prime Minister Churchill to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Request for a reply about collaboration on Tube Alloys .
5
Mar. 20 The President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins) to Prime Minister Churchill
Assurance that a reply on Tube Alloys will be made soon.
5
Mar. 31 The Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development (Bush) to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Analysis of the state of American-British relations on the atomic bomb project.
6
Apr. 14 The British Ambassador (Halifax) to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Transmittal of a query from Eden regarding the American answer.
10
Apr. 15 The President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins) to the British Foreign Secretary (Eden)
Assurance that a message would be sent by the following Monday.
10
[Page XXXII]

b. arrangements for the conference

Date Paper Page
1943 Mar. 30 Prime Minister Churchill to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Suggestion that Hopkins and Marshall meet with Churchill and Brooke to discuss operations after Sicily.
11
Apr. 1 The Chargé in the United Kingdom (Matthews) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of a message from Churchill to Hopkins about a high-level meeting and Tube Alloys .
12
Apr. 5 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Transmittal of Churchill’s thoughts on operations after Sicily.
12
Apr. 9 Prime Minister Churchill to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Renewal of a plea for high-level discussions on future operations.
14
Apr. 9 The President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins) to Prime Minister Churchill
Denial of a plan to visit London in the immediate future.
15
Apr. 11 Prime Minister Churchill to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Expression of regret at Hopkins’ reply.
15
Apr. 29 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Proposal for a conference in Washington in May.
15
Apr. 30 The Chief of Staff, United States Army (Marshall) to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Transmittal of a draft reply to Churchill, suggesting that a top-level conference be postponed until June but that staff talks on the Pacific war be held immediately in Washington.
16
May 2 Prime Minister Churchill to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Renewal of request for a high-level conference in Washington in the immediate future.
16
May 2 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Agreement to Churchill’s proposal to hold a conference in Washington as soon as possible.
17
Editorial Note
Source of information on a meeting of Roosevelt with the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Subjects of discussion included the impending conference with the British; contemplated military actions in Burma; and the supplying of material to the Chinese Army.
17
May 4 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Expression of satisfaction at Roosevelt’s assent to the holding of a conference in Washington.
18
May 5 President Roosevelt to Marshal Stalin
Information on the impending conference with Churchill.
18
[Page XXXIII]1943 Editorial Note
Sources of information on a meeting of Roosevelt with the Joint Chiefs of Staff; excerpt from the Stimson Diary for May 10, 1943. Subjects of discussion included a Joint Chiefs of Staff outline of policies to be pursued in the forthcoming conference with the British; a cross-Channel invasion of Europe; and use of air transport to send aviation material from India to China.
19
May 10 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Information on Churchill’s trans-Atlantic voyage and his arrival in Washington.
19
[Undated] Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Revised information on Churchill’s arrival plans.
20
May 13 Prime Minister Churchill’s Assistant Private Secretary (Rowan) to the President’s Secretary (Early)
Arrangements on publicity regarding Churchill’s trans-Atlantic voyage.
20
May 16 Prime Minister Churchill’s Assistant Private Secretary (Rowan) to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Information on Churchill’s proposed engagements while in Washington.
21

2. Proceedings of the Conference

Date Paper Page
1943 May 12 Roosevelt-Churchill Luncheon Meeting, 1 p.m.
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
24
May 12 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff With Roosevelt and Churchill, 2:30 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
General review of global strategy.
24
May 13 Roosevelt-Churchill-Beneš Meeting, Forenoon
Editorial Note
Sources of information on the meeting. Subjects of discussion: the treatment of Germany; postwar international security organization.
33
May 13 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 10:30 a.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
General review of global strategy and possible future operations.
34
May 13 Roosevelt–Churchill Luncheon Meeting, 1 p.m.
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
48
May 13 Hull-Churchill Meeting
Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Policy toward the Vichy regime; need for an understanding with the Soviet Union; possible Soviet entry into the war against Japan; the question of de Gaulle.
49
[Page XXXIV]1943 May 13 Roosevelt-Churchill Meeting, 11 p.m.
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
51
May 14 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 10:30 a.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Global strategy; future operations in Burma.
52
May 14 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff With Roosevelt and Churchill, 2 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Future operations in the China-Burma-India Theater.
66
May 15 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 10:30 a.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Future operations in Burma and in Europe; expansion of the capacity of the air route to China; possible operations against the Azores.
77
Editorial Note
Sources of information on a weekend trip by Roosevelt and Churchill to “Shangri La.”
86
May 17 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 10:30 a.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
The situation in China; possible operations against the Azores; consideration of a paper on agreed essentials in the conduct of the war; agenda for the remainder of the conference; date for the Allied invasion of Sicily; bombing of the Möhne and Eder dams in Germany.
87
May 17 Roosevelt–Churchill Luncheon Meeting, 1 p.m.
Editorial Note
Sources of information on the meeting. Magnesium supply; settlement of refugees in North Africa.
96
May 17 Leahy-Soong Meeting, Afternoon
Editorial Note
Source of information on the meeting. Operations in Burma; shipment of aircraft material to China.
97
May 18 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 10:30 a.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Plans for the occupation and use of the Azores; policy for future operations regarding propaganda and subversive activities; British proposals for future operations in Europe; rearming of French forces in North Africa; plans for the combined bomber offensive against Germany from the United Kingdom; the bombing of Ploeşti; bombing of the Möhne and Eder dams in Germany.
97
May 18 Roosevelt–Soong Conversation, 11:50 a.m.
Editorial Note
Sources of information on the conversation.
108
May 18 Roosevelt Press Conference, 4:10 p.m.
Record of Presidential Press Conference No. 897
Reference to a conversation with the Duke of Windsor; general progress of the conference; plans of Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King.
109
[Page XXXV]1943 May 18 McNarney–Soong Meeting, Afternoon
Editorial Note
Source of information on the meeting.
110
May 18 Smith–Brooke Conversation, Evening
Editorial Note
Source of information on the conversation. The discussion included the possibility that proposed strategic solutions would limit European operations for the benefit of the Pacific Theater.
110
May 19 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 10:30 a.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Proposals for future operations against the Axis in Europe.
111
May 19 Churchill Address to a Joint Meeting of the Houses of Congress, Noon
Editorial Note
Sources of information on Churchill’s visit to the Capitol.
117
May 19 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 4:30 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Proposals for future operations against the Axis in Europe; operations from India; provision of transport aircraft for the proposed invasion of Sicily.
118
May 19 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff With Roosevelt and Churchill, 6 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Report on progress of the conference; anti-submarine warfare and the possible use of the Azores; planning for future operations in the Mediterranean and Western Europe.
119
May 19 Roosevelt–Churchill-Mackenzie King Conversation, Evening
Editorial Note
Source of information on the conversation. Postwar international organization.
123
May 19 Roosevelt–Mackenzie King Conversation, Evening
Editorial Note
Source of information on the conversation. Possible meeting between Roosevelt and Stalin.
123
May 20 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 10:30 a.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Application of the unconditional surrender formula in propaganda activities in Italy; strategic plan for the defeat of Japan; operations in Burma to open and secure an overland route to China; potentialities of the air route from Assam to Burma.
124
May 20 Meeting of the Pacific War Council, 12:05 p.m.
Memorandum by the President’s Naval Aide (Brown)
Review of operations in the Aleutians; air reinforcements to China; casualties in New Guinea; future operations in Burma; allocation of aircraft to Australia; Chinese intentions with respect to Tibet.
134
[Page XXXVI]1943 May 20 Roosevelt–Churchill–Mackenzie King Luncheon Meeting, p.m.
Editorial Note
Source of information on the meeting. Postwar international organization; elevation of the Canadian Legation at Washington to Embassy status.
141
May 20 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 3:30 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Future operations in Burma.
142
May 20 Hull-Mackenzie King Dinner Meeting
Editorial Note
Source of information on the meeting.
143
May 21 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 10:30 a.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Selection of code names; military supplies for Turkey; operations in the Pacific and the Far East during 1943 and 1944; preparation of a report to Roosevelt and Churchill.
143
May 21 Roosevelt Press Conference, 10:50 a.m.
Record of Presidential Press Conference No. 898
War materials for China; Mackenzie King’s visit to Washington; Roosevelt’s meetings with Churchill; unconditional surrender for Italy.
149
May 21 Leahy–Soong Meeting
Editorial Note
Source of information on the meeting. Operations in Burma.
150
May 21 Roosevelt–Mackenzie King Meeting, 12:30 p.m.
Editorial Note
Sources of information on the meeting. Possible meeting between Roosevelt and Stalin; a possible trip to Canada by Roosevelt.
151
May 21 Roosevelt–Churchill Luncheon Meeting, 1 p.m.
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
151
May 21 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff With Roosevelt and Churchill, 5 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Use of the Azores; the combined bomber offensive against Germany from the United Kingdom; plans for the defeat of the Axis powers in Europe; operations in the Burma-China Theater and the Pacific; rearming of French forces in North Africa; the bombing of Ploeşti; action to be taken in case of a German evacuation of Norway
152
May 22 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 10:30 a.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Anti-submarine warfare; policy for coming operations regarding propaganda and subversive activities; sonic warfare; movement of the Queen Elizabeth and Queen Mary.
160
[Page XXXVII]1943 May 22 Stilwell–Churchill Meeting, Forenoon
The Commanding General, United States Forces, China, Burma, India (Stilwell) to the Secretary of War (Stimson)
Report of a conversation with Churchill on the status of Chinese forces and future operations against Burma.
165
May 22 American-British Luncheon Meeting, 1:15 p.m.
Memorandum Prepared by the British Embassy
Structure of a postwar settlement through world and regional councils.
167
May 22 Stimson-Churchill Meeting, 3 p.m.
Editorial Note
Excerpt from the Stimson Diary. Operations in Burma.
172
May 22 Hull–Halifax Conversation
Memorandum by the Secretary of State
The trade agreements program; relations with the Soviet Union; the Third International; Soviet assistance in the war against Japan.
173
May 22 Churchill Meeting With Members of Congress
Editorial Note
Sources of information on the meeting.
174
May 22 Meetings of American and British Shipping Experts, Beginning at 4 p.m.
Douglas Notes
Agreement on availability of Allied shipping during 1943.
175
May 23 Phillips-Churchill Meeting, Forenoon
Editorial Note
Source of information on the meeting. Conditions in India.
177
May 23 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 2 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Anti-submarine warfare; movement of the Queen Elizabeth and Queen Mary; policy for coming operations regarding propaganda and subversive activities; implementation of assumed basic undertakings and specific operations for the conduct of the war in 1943 and 1944; dispatch of United States service and engineer troops to the United Kingdom; the Azores; the Third Soviet Supply Protocol.
178
May 23 Roosevelt-Churchill Meeting, Evening
Editorial Note
Source of information on the meeting. Probable subject of discussion: settlement of refugees in North Africa.
183
May 24 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 11:30 a.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Preparation of a report to Roosevelt and Churchill; directive for military government in Sicily; allocation of ships for conversion to landing ships, infantry; expansion of the capacity of the air route to China.
184
[Page XXXVIII]1943 May 24 Roosevelt-Churchill Luncheon Meeting, 1 p.m.
Editorial Note
Source of information on the meeting; letter of May 30, 1943, from Cherwell to Hopkins. Probable subjects of discussion: atomic energy research; postwar problems.
188
May 24 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff With Roosevelt and Churchill, 4:45 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Consideration of the report of the Combined Chiefs of Staff; rearming of French forces; the Azores; a cross-Channel invasion of northwest Europe; operations in the Mediterranean to eliminate Italy from the war; the bombing of Ploeşti; operations in the Burma-China Theater; equipment for Turkey.
189
May 24 Roosevelt–Churchill Meeting, Evening
Editorial Note
Sources of information on the meeting; excerpt from the Stimson Diary. Roosevelt’s consent to Churchill’s request that Marshall accompany Churchill to North Africa; establishment of a refugee camp in North Africa.
197
May 25 Hopkins–Churchill Meeting, Forenoon
Editorial Note
Sources of information on the meeting. Possible changes in the report of the Combined Chiefs of Staff.
198
May 25 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 10:30 a.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Amendment of the report to Roosevelt and Churchill; implementation of decisions reached at the conference; statement to be made to the Chinese; proposals for improved combined planning.
199
May 25 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff With Roosevelt and Churchill, 11:30 a.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Employment of Polish troops; approval of the final report of the Combined Chiefs of Staff; communication of certain decisions to the Chinese; statement to the press; visit of Stilwell and Chennault to the United Kingdom; operations following the invasion of Sicily; code names for future operations; use of forces with special training for snow operations; consultations with the Soviet Union.
203
May 25 Roosevelt–Soong Meeting, 2:45 p.m.
Editorial Note
Source of information on the meeting. Probable subject of discussion: results of the conference as they affected China.
208
May 25 Marshall–Chu Conversation, [3 p.m.?]
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record and of positive evidence that the meeting took place as scheduled.
208
May 25 Hopkins–Bush–Cherwell Meeting, 3:30 p.m.
Memorandum by the Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development (Bush)
Interchange of information on atomic research between the United States and the United Kingdom.
209
[Page XXXIX]1943 May 25 Roosevelt–Churchill Joint Press Conference, 4:03 p.m.
Record of the Joint Press Conference by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill
General report on the progress of the war and on the conference.
211
May 25 Roosevelt–Churchill Meeting, Evening
Editorial Note
Sources of information on the meeting. Probable subjects of discussion: message to Stalin; interchange of information on atomic research between the United States and the United Kingdom.
220

3. Conference Documents and Supplementary Papers

a. global strategy

Date Paper Page
1943 [Undated] Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Review of global strategy.
222
May 12 Memorandum by the British Chiefs of Staff
Proposals for future operations in Europe and the Far East; suggestion for a detailed examination of the question of shipping.
223
May 14 Study by the United States Joint Staff Planners
Proposals for the conduct of the war in 1943 and 1944.
227
May 17 Proposals by the Combined Staff Planners
Tentative program of work for the Combined Chiefs of Staff for the remainder of the conference.
229
May 18 Note by the Secretaries of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Draft of a paper on agreed essentials in the conduct of the war, showing items in agreement and disagreement.
231
May 25 Report by the Combined Staff Planners
Report on the availability of resources to implement the policies and specific operations for 1943 and 1944 which had been agreed upon by the Combined Chiefs of Staff.
233

b. strategy in europe

Date Paper Page
1943 May 13 Study by the United States Joint Staff Planners
Proposals regarding the invasion of the European continent from the United Kingdom in 1943–1944.
238
May 14 Plan Submitted to the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Plan for a combined bomber offensive against Germany from the United Kingdom, attaching a letter on this subject from Portal to Arnold dated April 15, 1943.
239
May 14 Memorandum by the Chief of Staff’, Allied Force Headquarters (Smith)
Transmittal of the views of Eisenhower and Cunningham with respect to operations after the invasion of Sicily and of the dissenting views of Tedder.
253
[Page XL]1943 May 14 Memorandum by the British Chiefs of Staff
Recommendations for military action between the completion of the Sicilian campaign and the invasion of France.
257
May 17 Memorandum by the British Joint Planning Staff
Plan for the defeat of Germany by (1) eliminating Italy from the war through alternative courses of action and (2) invading northwest Europe with a target date of April 1944.
261
May 18 Memorandum by the United States Joint Staff Planners
Plan for the defeat of Germany based on the concentration of the largest possible invasion force in the United Kingdom for an invasion of the Continent with a target date of April 1, 1944.
273
May 20 Resolutions by the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Decisions on European and Mediterranean operations, including an invasion of the Continent from the United Kingdom with a target date of May 1, 1944.
281
May 24 Prime Minister Churchill’s Assistant Private Secretary (Rowan) to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Transmittal of (1) a British Embassy paper on Eisenhower’s organizational arrangements for the administration of Sicily and of (2) a minute by Churchill commenting on this subject, on Eisenhower’s channels to the United States and British Governments with respect to military government, and on the use of Italian officials in military government.
282
May 25 Memorandum by the Combined Staff Planners
Transmittal for approval by the Combined Chiefs of Staff of drafts of directives to Eisenhower and Morgan implementing the decisions reached at the conference; recommendation that Morgan be instructed to prepare an estimate of transport aircraft and glider requirements; suggestion that further consideration be given to the early appointment of the Supreme Allied Commander for the invasion of the Continent from the United Kingdom.
284

c. strategy in asia and the pacific

Date Paper Page
1943 May 12 The Chinese Foreign Minister (Soong) to President Roosevelt
Request that the entire India-China air transport capacity be devoted to delivering supplies to China for a period of three months.
288
May 13 The Chinese Foreign Minister (Soong) to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Request for Chinese participation in the Washington Conference when the war against Japan was being discussed.
288
[Page XLI]1943 May 13 The Australian Minister for External Affairs (Evatt) to President Roosevelt
Report that Evatt had discussed with Churchill a plan for expanding the Australian Air Force; request that Roosevelt and Churchill consider the plan.
289
May 14 Plan Prepared by the United States Joint Staff Planners Strategic plan for the defeat of Japan. 289
May 14 Memorandum by the British Chiefs of Staff
Proposal for operations in Burma in 1943 and 1944.
293
May 18 The Chief of Staff, United States Army (Marshall) to the President
Recommended allocation of tonnage on the India-China air transport route.
295
May 18 The Chinese Foreign Minister (Soong) to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Transmittal, for Roosevelt’s approval, of a draft report to Chiang on Soong’s conversations with Roosevelt and McNarney on the allocation of tonnage on the India–China air transport route and on future operations against Burma.
296
May 19 The Chief of Staff, United States Army (Marshall) to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Suggestion for amending Soong’s report to Chiang on the former’s conversation with Roosevelt.
297
May 19 The President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins) to the Chinese Foregin Minister (Soong)
Suggestion for amending Soong’s report to Chiang on the former’s conversation with Roosevelt.
298
May 21 Prime Minister Churchill to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Transmittal of a telegram from the British Foreign Office on the Chinese attitude toward Tibet.
298
May 22 The Secretary of War (Stimson) to Prime Minister Churchill
Report on airfields near Ledo in Assam.
301
May 23 Note by the Secretaries of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Transmittal of a report by the United States Joint Staff Planners on proposed operations in the Pacific and the Far East in 1943 and 1944.
302

d. bases in the azores

Date Paper Page
1943 May 7 Report by the British Chiefs of Staff
Evaluation of the usefulness of the Portuguese Atlantic islands for anti-submarine warfare.
304
May 18 The Combined Chiefs of Staff to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill
Recommendation that steps be taken to gain the use of the Azores.
307
[Page XLII]1943 May 19 Draft Telegram From the Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Brazil (Caffery)
Transmittal of a proposed message from Roosevelt to Vargas requesting Brazilian assistance in steps aimed at obtaining use of the Azores.
308
May 21 Prime Minister Churchill to the British Deputy Prime Minister (Attlee) and the British Foreign Secretary (Eden)
Review of issues relating to the acquisition and use of bases in the Azores.
309
May 21 The British Deputy Prime Minister (Attlee) and the British Foreign Secretary (Eden) to Prime Minister Churchill
Explanation of the position of the War Cabinet on Churchill’s message concerning the Azores; request that a decision on this subject be postponed until after Churchill’s return to London.
312

e. supplies and shipping

Date Paper Page
1943 May 18 President Roosevelt’s Adviser (Baruch) to the President’s Military Aide (Watson)
Transmittal of a memorandum on magnesium supplies.
312
May 23 Memorandum by the Deputy War Shipping Administrator (Douglas) and the British Minister of War Transport (Leathers)
Statement on dry cargo shipping availabilities and requirements for 1943 and 1944.
313
May 25 The President’s Personal Representative (Harriman) to Prime Minister Churchill
Recommendation that British tank production be reduced and that the United Kingdom obtain more tanks from the United States.
314
May 26 Prime Minister Churchill to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins) and the President’s Personal Representative (Harriman)
Transmittal of Churchill’s recommendations on the allocation of shipping resources.
317
May 28 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Review of shipbuilding arrangements between the United States and the United Kingdom; information on a directive to the War Shipping Administration to transfer to the British a minimum of fifteen ships per month over a period of ten months for temporary wartime duty.
318
[Page XLIII]

f. french liberation movement in north africa

Date Paper Page
1943 May 8 Draft Memorandum by President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Assessment of de Gaulle’s leadership; request for a discussion to determine a common policy toward de Gaulle.
320
May 10 The Secretary of State to the President
Expression of agreement with Roosevelt’s analysis of the French situation and on the need to develop a common policy with the British.
322
May 19 The Secretary of State to the President
Transmittal of reports on the French situation.
324

g. polish-soviet dispute

Date Paper Page
1943 May 22 Prime Minister Churchill’s Assistant Private Secretary (Rowan) to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Transmittal of a letter from Evatt to Churchill concerning Australian representation of Polish interests in the Soviet Union.
324
Editorial Note
Sources of information on the probable consideration of Polish-Soviet relations during the Washington Conference.
325

h. policy of unconditional surrender

Date Paper Page
1943 May 17 The Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower) to the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Recommendation with regard to a policy statement for psychological warfare for the invasion of Sicily.
326
May 19 The Under Secretary of State (Welles) to the Acting Chief of the Division of European Affairs (Atherton)
Recommendation for amending a proposed letter from Hull to Leahy on the application to Italy of the principle of unconditional surrender.
328
May 20 The Acting Chief of the Division of European Affairs (Atherton) to the Under Secretary of State (Welles)
Agreement with Welles’ suggestion; explanation of the purpose of the proposed letter from Hull to Leahy.
328
May 22 The Secretary of State to the President’s Chief of Staff (Leahy)
Suggestions on the application to Italy of the principle of unconditional surrender.
329
[Page XLIV]1943 May 22 Memorandum by the Secretaries of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Transmittal of a proposed telegram to Eisenhower on the principle of unconditional surrender as it relates to his planning for psychological warfare.
330
Editorial Note
Sources on probable discussions of the policy of unconditional surrender by Roosevelt and Churchill during the Washington Conference.
331

i. visit of prime minister mackenzie king

Date Paper Page
1943 May 14 The Assistant Chief of the Division of European Affairs (Hickerson) to the Secretary of State
Account of the circumstances leading to the invitation sent by Churchill to Mackenzie King to attend the Washington Conference; recommendation that a message of invitation be sent also by either Hull or Roosevelt.
332
May 14 Prime Minister Churchill’s Assistant Private Secretary (Rowan) to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Transmittal of a message from Churchill to Mackenzie King concerning the latter’s participation in the conference.
333
May 14 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Mackenzie King
Suggested plans for Mackenzie King for May 19 and 20.
333
May 14 Prime Minister Mackenzie King to President Roosevelt
Expression of thanks for the invitation to come to Washington.
334
[May 20] The Assistant Chief of the Division of European Affairs (Hickerson) to the Secretary of State
Review of current relations between the United States and Canada.
334
May 24 Prime Minister Mackenzie King to President Roosevelt
Expression of appreciation for the opportunity to attend the conference.
335

j. emergency measures for refugees

Date Paper Page
Editorial Note
Reference to additional documentation on this subject.
336
1943 May 22 The Secretary of State to the President
Recommendation that Roosevelt discuss with Churchill matters related to the work of the Intergovernmental Committee on refugee problems.
336
May 22 Memorandum Prepared by the Subcommittee on Territorial Problems of the Advisory Committee on Post-War Foreign Policy Review of the possibilities for the settlement of refugees in Libya. 338
[Page XLV]1943 May 24 Prime Minister Churchill’s Chief of Staff (Ismay) to Prime Minister Churchill
Transmittal of a communication from Ismay to Churchill, a memorandum by Baruch, and a telegram from Eden to Churchill, all dealing with the possible settlement of refugees in North Africa.
342
Editorial Note
Reference to documentation on the refugee problem following the Washington Conference.
346

k. final report to the president and prime minister

Date Paper Page
1943 May 21 The Combined Chiefs of Staff to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill Transmittal of a draft of agreed decisions reached by the Combined Chiefs of Staff during the Washington Conference. 346
May 23 Draft Report by the Combined Chiefs of Staff to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill
Revised draft of agreed decisions reached by the Combined Chiefs of Staff during the conference; indication of matters still to be resolved.
351
May 24 Draft Report by the Combined Chiefs of Staff to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill
Further revision, incorporating amendments by Roosevelt and Churchill, of the draft of agreed decisions reached by the Combined Chiefs of Staff during the conference.
359
May 25 Memorandum by the Secretaries of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Churchill’s proposed amendments to the final report of the Combined Chiefs of Staff.
363
May 25 Report of the Combined Chiefs of Staff to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill
Final text of the agreed decisions reached by the Combined Chiefs of Staff during the conference, as approved by Roosevelt and Churchill.
364

l. proposed communiqué

Date Paper Page
1943 [May 25] Draft Joint Statement by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill
Draft statement prepared by Hopkins.
373
[May 25] Draft Joint Statement by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill
Revised draft statement, with further amendments by Roosevelt and Churchill.
374
[Page XLVI]1943 [May 25] Draft Joint Statement by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill Final revision (not released) of the proposed joint statement. 375
[May 25] Statement by President Roosevelt
Announcement that the conference had ended in complete agreement on future operations in all theaters of the war.
377
[May 27] President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Expression of satisfaction at the success and timing of the conference.
377

m. reports on the conference to stalin and chiang

Date Paper Page
1943 May 25 Memorandum by the Secretaries of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Suggested statement to be made to the Chinese on the results of the conference.
377
[May 25] Memorandum Considered by the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Revision of the proposed statement to be made to the Chinese on the results of the conference.
378
[May 25] Draft Message From President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill to Marshal Stalin Draft of a report to Stalin on decisions reached during the conference. 379
May 26 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Transmittal of a revised draft, prepared by Marshall, of a report to Stalin on decisions reached by the conference. (With minor revisions, this was the text actually sent.)
382
May 29 Generalissimo Chiang to President Roosevelt
Expression of appreciation for information on the conference decisions affecting China.
385
May 29 Generalissimo Chiang to the Chinese Foreign Minister (Soong) in Washington
Instruction to submit orally to Roosevelt certain points regarding future operations in Burma.
385
May 31 The President to the Chief of Staff, United States Army (Marshall)
Instruction for amending Marshall’s draft of a message from Roosevelt and Churchill to Stalin and for the delivery of the message.
386
June 2 President Roosevelt to Marshal Stalin
Information on the channel through which the decisions of the Combined Chiefs of Staff will be delivered to Stalin.
387
[Page XLVII]

II. THE FIRST QUEBEC CONFERENCE AND RELATED CONVERSATIONS AT HYDE PARK AND WASHINGTON

4. Agenda and Arrangements for the Conference

Date Paper Page
Editorial Note
Explanation of the scope of this chapter; references to related documentation.
391
1943 June 28 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Suggestion that Roosevelt and Churchill meet with their staffs at Quebec in August.
391
June 29 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt Assent to a meeting at Quebec in August. 392
July 14 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Suggestion that the meeting be held about the first of September.
392
July 16 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Suggestion that the meeting be held the middle of August; suggested topics for the agenda.
392
July 16 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Undertaking to send a further reply to Churchill when Roosevelt has heard from Stalin about a possible meeting.
393
July 19 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Request for an early message as to whether the proposed meeting between Roosevelt and Stalin will take place; information on Churchill’s arrangements.
393
July 20 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Report that Mackenzie King has stated that Roosevelt, Churchill, and their staffs would be most welcome for a conference in Canada.
394
July 21 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Notification that Churchill plans to arrive at Quebec on August 11.
394
July 21 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Suggestion that the code name for the Quebec Conference be Quadrant .
394
July 21 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Assent to starting the Quadrant Conference about August 15, in view of the fact that Roosevelt has had no word from Stalin.
395
July 22 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Suggestion that the conference could start at any date between August 10 and August 17, but that military considerations point to as early a date as possible.
395
July 23 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Transmittal of an exchange of messages between Churchill and the United Kingdom High Commissioner in Canada concerning conference arrangements.
395
July 24 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Enumeration of reasons for not inviting Canadian staff officers to attend plenary meetings of the Combined Chiefs of Staff at the Quebec Conference.
396
July 25 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Suggestion that the military staffs begin discussions at Quebec before Roosevelt’s arrival; agreement with Roosevelt’s position as to Canadian participation in the conference; information on Churchill’s party.
397
[Page XLVIII]1943 July 25 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Identification of “Colonel Warden” as Churchill.
398
July 25 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Transmittal of a paraphrase of a message from Churchill to Mackenzie King concerning conference arrangements.
398
July 25 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Identification of “PQ” as a code name for Roosevelt.
399
July 25 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Invitation to the Churchill family to visit Hyde Park while the military staffs begin their work at Quebec.
399
July 25 The Counselor of the Canadian Legation (Mahoney) to President Roosevelt
Transmittal of a message from Mackenzie King to Roosevelt assuring the President that Mackenzie King was not pressing for participation of the Canadian military staffs in the Quebec Conference.
400
July 26 Memorandum by the Representatives of the British Chiefs of Staff
Proposed agenda for the conference.
400
July 26 King George VI to President Roosevelt
Invitation to occupy the Governor General’s quarters in the Citadel during the conference.
401
July 27 President Roosevelt to King George VI
Acceptance of the invitation to occupy quarters in the Citadel.
402
July 27 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff Agenda for the conference. 402
July 28 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Arrangements for Churchill’s visit to Hyde Park; suggestion that Harriman attend the conference.
403
July 29 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Information that Churchill had heard Roosevelt’s broadcast of July 28, 1943, and that he is looking forward to the Quadrant Conference.
404
July 29 Memorandum by the Representatives of the British Chiefs of Staff
Agenda for the conference.
404
July 30 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Notification that Harriman has been asked to come to Quebec and that Douglas will be there with Roosevelt.
405
July 31 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Report on anti-submarine warfare in July; suggestion that Roosevelt and Churchill agree upon an announcement on this subject at their meeting on August 12.
406
Aug. 1 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Suggested text of a communiqué to be issued upon Churchill’s arrival at Quebec.
406
[Page XLIX]1943 Aug. 1 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Assent to Churchill’s suggestion regarding an announcement on anti-submarine warfare.
407
Aug. 2 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Approval of Churchill’s proposed announcement to be issued on his arrival at Quebec.
407
Aug. 4 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Suggested amendment to the announcement to be issued on Churchill’s arrival at Quebec.
408
Aug. 7 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of European Affairs (Hickerson)
Information on a telephone call from the Minister in Canada concerning conference arrangements.
408
Aug. 7 The Minister in Canada (Atherton) to the Assistant Chief of the Division of European Affairs (Hickerson)
Transmittal of the text of a proposed confidential release to the press concerning a meeting between Churchill and Mackenzie King.
409
Aug. 9 The Assistant to the President’s Military Aide (Hammond) to the Assistant Chief of the Division of European Affairs (Hickerson)
Transmittal of a message from Roosevelt approving the proposed Canadian release.
409
Aug. 10 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of European Affairs (Hickerson)
Record of a message from Mackenzie King to Roosevelt on Churchill’s arrival in Canada.
410
Aug. 11 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Notification of arrival in Canada and of plans for visiting Hyde Park; suggestion that Roosevelt and Churchill discuss there an announcement on antisubmarine warfare.
410
Aug. 11 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Suggestion concerning Churchill’s wardrobe for Hyde Park.
411
Aug. 11 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Report on the weather at Quebec and arrangements for the conference.
411
Aug. 13 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Suggestion that Roosevelt and Churchill go directly to Quebec from Hyde Park.
412
Aug. 14 Note by the Secretaries of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Agenda for the meetings of the Combined Chiefs of Staff.
412
Aug. 16 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Arrangements for Roosevelt’s arrival at Quebec.
414
Aug. 16 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Arrangements for Roosevelt’s arrival at Quebec.
414
[Page L]

5. substantive preparatory papers

a. the war in asia and the pacific

Date Paper Page
Editorial Note
Explanation of the scope of this chapter; reference to related documentation.
415
1943 Aug. 6 Directive by the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Directive on responsibility and procedure for the planning, coordination, and execution of deception measures against Japan.
415
Aug. 6 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Estimate of the enemy situation in the Pacific and Far East area as of July 20, 1943.
417
Aug. 9 Memorandum by the Representatives of the British Chiefs of Staff
Comments on a United States proposal to establish a Combined Liaison Committee to coordinate United States and British intelligence activities in and from India.
424
Aug. 9 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Analysis of and recommendations for military operations in the Far East in 1943 and 1944.
426
Aug. 9 Memorandum by the United States Joint War Plans Committee
Strategic plan for the defeat of Japan.
432
Aug. 10 Memorandum by the Secretary of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (Deane)
Minutes of a meeting of Roosevelt with Stimson and the Joint Chiefs of Staff at which Far Eastern operations were discussed.
434
Aug. 13 The Commander in Chief, India (Auchinleck) to the British Chiefs of Staff
Plans for operations from India.
435
Aug. 18 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Record of a discussion with Soong on China’s desire to be represented at Allied conferences and on the procurement of supplies for China from Canada.
440
Aug. 18 The Chinese Foreign Minister (Soong) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of a memorandum on Chinese participation in Allied conferences touching on the Far East.
441
Aug. 19 The Adviser on Political Relations (Hornbeck) to the Secretary of State
Recommendation, from a political point of view, that the proposed reconquest of Burma, with the objective of reopening the Burma Road, be implemented as soon as possible.
443
[Page LI]

b. the war in europe and the mediterranean

Date Paper Page
Editorial Note
Explanation of the scope of this section; reference to related documentation.
443
1943 Aug. 4 The Secretary of War (Stimson) to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Transmittal of a report on Stimson’s recent trip to Europe and North Africa; suggestion that Roosevelt should have this report before the Quebec Conference.
444
Aug. 7 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Allocation of United States assault forces for a cross-Channel invasion of Europe.
452
Aug. 7 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Estimate of the enemy situation in the European area as of July 30, 1943.
453
Aug. 8 Memorandum Prepared in the Operations Division of the War Department General Staff Recommendations concerning the conduct of the war in Europe. 467
Aug. 9 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Strategic concept for the defeat of the Axis in Europe.
472
Aug. 9 The Chief of Staff, United States Army (Marshall) to the Chief of the Operations Division, War Department General Staff (Handy)
Report of a conversation between Roosevelt and Marshall on allocation of forces to a cross-Channel invasion of Europe (Operation Overlord ) or to Mediterranean operations following the invasion of Sicily (Operation Priceless ).
482
Aug. 10 Note by the British Chiefs of Staff
Observations on COSSAC’s outline plan for Operation Overlord (digest of the outline plan annexed); recommendation that the Combined Chiefs of Staff approve the plan and authorize Morgan to proceed with detailed planning.
483
Aug. 10 The Secretary of War (Stimson) to the President
Recommendation that Marshall be named to command the cross-Channel invasion of Europe.
496
Aug. 10 Memorandum by the Secretary of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (Deane)
Minutes of a meeting of Roosevelt with Stimson and the Joint Chiefs of Staff at which future European operations were discussed.
498
Aug. 10 The Ambassador to the Polish Government in Exile (Biddle) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of an aide-mémoire on German measures for the extermination of Poles; Polish suggestion for a joint statement on the subject by the United States and the United Kingdom and for an examination of measures for reprisal.
503
[Page LII]1943 Aug. 11 The Chief of Staff, United States Army (Marshall) to the President
Comparative data on United States and British forces available for Operation Overlord .
506
Aug. 11 The Secretary of State to the President
Transmittal of a draft statement for possible issuance by Roosevelt and Churchill calling upon the Germans to surrender.
508
Aug. 12 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Transmittal of a report from the Allied Anti-Submarine Board on logistic organization to improve the mobility of anti-submarine squadrons.
509
Aug. 14 The Ambassador in the United Kingdom (Winant) to the Secretary of State
Summary of a report by the Joint Intelligence Committee on German plans and intentions during the last half of 1943.
512
[Undated] Memorandum Prepared by the British Foreign Office
Statement of general principles for the guidance of British representatives in discussing arrangements for the civil administration of liberated territory with representatives of European Allied governments.
513

c. special questions relating to italy: peace feelers, surrender declaration of rome as an open city

Date Paper Page
Editorial Note
Reference to related documentation.
516
1943 July 30 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill Suggested lines of policy on Italy. 517
July 30 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Suggested text of “short” or “military” armistice terms for Eisenhower to use if the Italian Government were to ask for an armistice.
519
July 30 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Notification concerning Roosevelt’s statement to the press that the Allies would treat with any person in Italy who could bring about disarmament and assurance against chaos.
521
July 31 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Approval of the lines of policy on Italy contained in Roosevelt’s message of July 30.
521
July 31 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Suggested amendments to the draft military armistice terms; request that Roosevelt give urgent consideration to a British draft of a comprehensive instrument of surrender.
522
[Page LIII]1943 July 31 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Statement of Churchill’s position on dealing with the House of Savoy and Badoglio, and of his opposition to any statement about self-determination.
523
July 31 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Suggested amendment to the lines of policy on Italy contained in Roosevelt’s message of July 30.
523
July 31 The Consul General at Istanbul (Berry) to the Secretary of State
Report that the new Italian Foreign Minister had stated that he expected to make peace soon within the framework of the Allied demand for unconditional surrender.
524
[July 31] The Chargé at Vatican City (Tittmann) to the Secretary of State
Report on Badoglio’s concern over German intentions; report on the possibility of little opposition to an Allied landing in Italy.
524
Aug. 1 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Notification that Roosevelt has authorized Eisenhower to use the military armistice terms as amended in accordance with Churchill’s suggestions of July 31, and that Roosevelt has asked for reports on the British draft of a comprehensive instrument of surrender.
525
Aug. 1 The Joint Chiefs of Staff to the President
Interim report on the British draft of a comprehensive instrument of surrender.
525
Aug. 2 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Expression of appreciation for Roosevelt’s message of August 1.
526
Aug. 2 The President’s Chief of Staff (Leahy) to the Assistant to the President’s Military Aide (Hammond)
Transmittal of a message from Roosevelt for Churchill, Hull, and the Combined Chiefs of Staff, expressing doubt as to the advisability of using the British draft of a comprehensive instrument of surrender.
527
Aug. 2 The President’s Personal Representative in North Africa (Murphy) to the Secretary of State
Report that Badoglio may be going as far as possible to pave the way for an armistice.
527
Aug. 2 The Apostolic Delegate (Cicognani) to the Under Secretary of State (Welles)
Notification that the Italian Government had informed the Vatican on July 31 that it had decided to declare Rome an open city; request for Allied conditions for accepting such a declaration.
528
[Page LIV]1943 Aug. 2 The Chief of Staff, United States Army (Marshall) to the President
Transmittal of messages exchanged with Eisenhower with regard to the bombing of Rome and the possibility that Rome would be declared an open city.
528
Aug. 2 The Chief of Staff, United States Army (Marshall) to the Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower)
Authorization to bomb Rome if Eisenhower thinks this desirable.
530
[Aug. 2] The Chief of Staff, United States Army (Marshall) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of a draft message to the Italian Government stating the essential conditions to be required if Rome were to be treated as an open city.
530
Aug. 2 The Ambassador in Turkey (Steinhardt) to the Secretary of State
Report on two conversations between Turkish officials and the new Italian Foreign Minister as to the position of Italy.
531
Aug. 2 The French Committee of National Liberation to the Department of State
Request for French participation in armistice negotiations with Italy and in the agencies established to assure the execution of the armistice terms; analysis of the French interests involved.
532
Aug. 3 The British Minister (Campbell) to the Adviser on Political Relations (Dunn)
Transmittal of (1) a message from Eden about Italian approaches in the nature of peace feelers through the Portuguese Government and a former Rumanian Minister to Portugal and (2) a message from the British Ambassador in Turkey reporting a conversation between the Turkish Foreign Minister and the Italian Ambassador to Turkey.
534
Aug. 3 The Joint Chiefs of Staff to the President
Joint report by the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Secretary of State on the proposed comprehensive instrument of surrender (revised draft enclosed).
537
[Aug. 3] The Chargé at Vatican City (Tittmann) to the Secretary of State
Denial that either Tittmann or Osborne has been negotiating with Badoglio through the Vatican; report on the feeling in Vatican circles concerning the Italian situation.
548
[Aug. 3] The Chief of Staff, United States Army (Marshall) to the President
Transmittal of a message from Eisenhower on the bombing of Rome and possible conditions for recognizing Rome as an open city.
549
[Page LV]1943 Aug. 3 The Assistant to the President’s Military Aide (Hammond) to the President’s Naval Aide (Brown) Report on the notification given to Marshall that Roosevelt had approved the conditions for recognizing Rome as an open city. 550
Aug. 3 The Assistant to the President’s Military Aide (Hammond) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of a message from Leahy concerning Roosevelt’s approval of the conditions for recognizing Rome as an open city.
550
Aug. 3 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Objection to negotiating on the status of Rome as an open city.
551
Aug. 3 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill Observations on the bombing of Rome. 551
Aug. 3 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Suggestion that it would be difficult to refuse a plea to make Rome an open city; notification of Roosevelt’s approval in principle of proposed conditions to be imposed.
552
Aug. 3 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Request to see the proposed conditions for making Rome an open city; observations on this subject.
552
Aug. 4 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Notification that the subject of Rome will be considered immediately by the War Cabinet.
553
Aug. 4 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Renewed objections to recognizing Rome as an open city; suggestion that the subject be discussed at Quebec.
553
Aug. 4 Prime Minister Churchill to President Rooesvelt
Report on an approach (with no mention of peace terms) made to the British Ambassador in Portugal by Lanza d’Ajeta.
554
Aug. 5 The British Foreign Secretary (Eden) to President Roosevelt
Transmittal of three messages concerning Lanza d’Ajeta’s approach in Lisbon.
556
Aug. 5 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Suggested amendments to the lines of policy on Italy contained in Roosevelt’s message of July 30.
556
Aug. 5 The Legal Adviser (Hackworth) to the Secretary of State
Analysis of the declaration of open cities in international law.
557
Aug. 5 Memorandum by the Secretariat of the Combined Civil Affairs Committee
Minutes of a meeting of the Combined Civil Affairs Committee, at which surrender terms for Italy were discussed.
559
[Page LVI]1943 [Aug. 5] The Joint Chiefs of Staff to the President
Recommendation, from a military point of view, against recognizing Rome as an open city.
561
[Aug. 5] The British Consul General at Barcelona (Farquhar) to the British Ambassador in Spain (Hoare)
Report on the delivery to the Consulate General of a manifesto by the “Committee of Action of Free Italy”.
563
[Aug. 5] The British Consul General at Barcelona (Farquhar) to the British Ambassador in Spain (Hoare)
Further details on the “Committee of Action of Free Italy” and the bearer of its manifesto.
564
Aug. 6 The Assistant to the President’s Military Aide (Hammond) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of a message from Roosevelt approving in principle the report of the Joint Chiefs of Staff regarding recognition of Rome as an open city.
565
Aug. 6 The Joint Chiefs of Staff to the President
Notification that Eisenhower has been instructed by the Combined Chiefs of Staff that, in using the terms of the military armistice already sent to him, he should make it clear that other conditions of a policital, economic, and financial nature would be transmitted later.
565
Aug. 6 The British Acting Consul General at Tangier (Watkinson) to the British Foreign Secretary (Eden)
Report on the arrival of Berio at Tangier charged with a mission from Badoglio to discuss negotiations between Italy and the Allies.
566
Aug. 6 The British Foreign Secretary (Eden) to the British Ambassador in the United States (Halifax) Comments on the Berio mission and on the Italian approach made to the British Consul General at Barcelona. 567
Aug. 6 The Ambassador in Turkey (Steinhardt) to the Secretary of State
Report on the objectives of the Badoglio government.
569
[Aug. 6] The Chargé” at Vatican City (Tittmann) to the Secretary of State
Report on the position of the Badoglio government and the desire of the Italian people for peace.
569
Aug. 8 The British Ambassador (Halifax) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of a message from Eden on a Vatican approach with a view to making Rome an open city.
570
Aug. 8 The British Ambassador (Halifax) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of a message from Eden concerning the Italian approaches at Lisbon, Tangier, and Barcelona.
570
Aug. 8 The Minister in Switzerland (Harrison) to the Secretary of State
Report that Italy is prepared to accept an armistice on honorable terms if Italy is not occupied.
571
[Page LVII]1943 Aug. 8 The Under Secretary of State (Welles) to the Apostolic Delegate (Cicognani)
Suggestion that there is nothing to prevent the Italian Government from acting unilaterally to declare Rome an open city.
572
[Aug. 8] The Chargé at Vatican City (Tittmann) to the Secretary of State
Report on the willingness of the Badoglio government to make peace immediately.
573
Aug. 9 The British Ambassador (Halifax) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of a further report from Tangier on the Berio mission, of Eden’s comments on that mission, and of a message from Eden to the British Acting Consul General at Tangier insisting upon unconditional surrender.
574
Aug. 10 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State (Welles)
Record of a conversation with the Greek Ambassador, who presented a memorandum (attached) concerning an initiative by the Papal Nuncio in Switzerland for the neutrals to exert efforts to get Italy out of the war.
576
Aug. 11 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Suggested reply to be given to Berio’s approach at Tangier.
578
Aug. 11 President Roosevelt to the British Foreign Secretary (Eden)
Approval of the reply to be given to Berio.
579
Aug. 11 The Minister in Sweden (Johnson) to the Secretary of State
Report that Badoglio had intended to capitulate if he had been able to arrange for the removal of German troops from Italy.
579
Aug. 12 Memorandum by the Secretariat of the Combined Civil Affairs Committee
Minutes of a meeting of the Combined Civil Affairs Committee, at which surrender terms for Italy were discussed.
580
Aug. 12 The Minister in Switzerland (Harrison) to the Secretary of State
Report of rumors on Italian-German relations.
582
[Aug. 12] The Chargé at Vatican City (Tittmann) to the Secretary of State
Report on preoccupations of the Badoglio government.
583
Aug. 12 The Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower) to the War Department Suggestion that the B–24’s used for the bombing of Ploeşti be used against targets in Italy. 584
Aug. 13 The British Embassy in Turkey to the British Foreign Office Report on a meeting between Guariglia and Ribben-trop. 584
[Page LVIII]1943 Aug. 14 The British Acting Consul General at Tangier (Watkinson) to the British Foreign Office
Notification that the answer approved by Roosevelt and Churchill had been given to Berio; inquiry as to the form of and channel for an act of surrender by Italy.
585
Aug. 14 The British Consul General at Tangier (Gascoigne) to the British Foreign Office
Request for guidance in connection with the conversations at Tangier with Berio.
586
Aug. 14 The British Foreign Office to the British Embassy in the Soviet Union
Summary of information on Italian approaches given to the Soviet Chargé at London.
587
[Aug. 16] Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Transmittal of four messages concerning statements made by General Castellano to the British Ambassador in Spain, which purported to be an official offer of unconditional surrender if Italy were permitted to join the Allies in fighting Germany; Churchill’s suggestion for a reply to Castellano.
588
Aug. 16 The Apostolic Delegate (Cicognani) to the Under Secretary of State (Welles)
Notification that Rome was declared an open city as of August 14.
594
Aug. 16 The British Foreign Office to the British Consul General at Tangier (Gascoigne)
Instruction to inform Berio that he must present a document offering unconditional surrender.
595
Aug. 17 The British Consul General at Tangier (Gascoigne) to the British Foreign Office
Report that a reply has been made to Berio in accordance with instructions.
595
Aug. 19 The Legal Adviser (Hackworth) to the Secretary of State
Precedents, relating to Brussels, Paris, and Belgrade, for the declaration of an open city.
596
Aug. 19 Briefing Paper for the Secretary of State
Summary of approaches made by the Italian Government during the past two weeks; analysis of factors to be considered before accepting the military collaboration of the Badoglio government.
598
Aug. 19/23 Draft of Additional Conditions To Be Imposed Upon the Italian Government
Composite text of drafts of August 19 and 23 of conditions to be imposed upon the Italian Government in addition to those contained in the approved military armistice terms.
601
[Page LIX]

d. bases in the azores

Date Paper Page
1943 July 30 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Observations on the progress of anti-submarine warfare; need for bases in the Azores.
609
Aug. 4 The Ambassador in the United Kingdom (Winant) to the President and the Secretary of State
Transmittal of a message from Eden concerning negotiations with Portugal on the Azores.
609
Aug. 9 Memorandum by the Representatives of the British Chiefs of Staff
Summary of recent proposals and decisions with respect to the Azores.
610
Aug. 10 The Secretary of State to the President
Transmittal, for Roosevelt’s approval, of a draft telegram to Winant in connection with the British negotiations with Portugal on the Azores.
612
Aug. 12 The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in the United Kingdom (Winant)
Statement of United States policy on withdrawal of troops from the Azores and on respect for the sovereignty of Portugal in all Portuguese colonies; views of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on the importance of facilities in the Azores.
612
Aug. 13 The Ambassador in the United Kingdom (Winant) to the Secretary of State
Notification that the United States view on the Azores has been communicated to Eden.
613
Aug. 18 The British Embassy to the Department of State
Aide-mémoire reviewing the negotiations with Portugal; transmittal of an exchange of views on the subject between the British and United States Chiefs of Staff.
613

e. bases in ireland

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 7 The Joint Chiefs of Staff to the President
Analysis of the value of bases in Ireland; recommendation that negotiations be undertaken to obtain such bases without committing the United States to a definite program for establishing them.
616
Aug. 16 Draft Message From President Roosevelt to Prime Minister de Valera
Review of the position of Ireland during the war; suggestion that Ireland take part with the Allies in an inevitable victory over the Axis powers.
618
[Page LX]

f. the soviet union and the war

Date Paper Page
Editorial Note
Reference to related documentation.
624
1943 Aug. 10 The Executive of the President’s Soviet Protocol Committee (Burns) to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Military strategic estimate of the Soviet position; suggestions for improving relations with the Soviet Union.
624
Aug. 19 The Adviser on Political Relations (Hornbeck) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of an analysis of Soviet aims in the Far East.
627

g. cooperation with the united kingdom in research on atomic energy

Date Paper Page
1943 June 10 Prime Minister Churchill to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Review of the decisions on cooperation on atomic energy reached at the Washington Conference; request to be notified as soon as Roosevelt has given the necessary instructions.
630
June 17 The President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins) to Prime Minister Churchill
Report that the question will be disposed of soon.
630
June 24 Memorandum by the Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development (Bush)
Record of a conference with Roosevelt concerning interchange of information with the United Kingdom in the field of atomic energy research.
631
July 9 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Request to be informed of any difficulties which may have arisen.
632
July 14 The President to the President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins)
Request for advice in answering Churchill’s message.
633
July 20 The President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins) to the President
Recommendation that Roosevelt go through with the commitment made to Churchill.
633
July 20 The President to the Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development (Bush)
Instruction to renew the full exchange of information with the United Kingdom in the field of atomic energy research.
633
July 22 Memorandum by the Secretary of War’s Special Assistant (Bundy)
Record of a meeting in London between Stimson and Churchill on the subject of atomic energy.
634
July 26 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Notification that Roosevelt has made arrangements concerning atomic energy research; suggestion that a British representative come to the United States for discussions.
636
[Page LXI]1943 July 29 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Notification that Sir John Anderson will come to the United States immediately for discussions.
637
[July 29] Prime Minister Churchill to the Secretary of War (Stimson)
Transmittal of draft heads of an agreement between Roosevelt and Churchill on atomic energy.
637
July 30 The Acting Chairman of the Military Policy Committee (Conant) to the Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development (Bush)
Expression of opposition to a complete interchange of information with the United Kingdom.
639
Aug. 3 The Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development (Bush) to the British Lord President of the Council (Anderson)
Transmittal of extracts from a report on United States policy regarding interchange of information with the United Kingdom.
640
Aug. 4 Memorandum by the Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development (Bush)
Record of the sequence of events from June 24 to August 3 with respect to negotiations for the interchange of information between the United States and the United Kingdom on atomic energy research.
642
Aug. 4 The British Lord President of the Council (Anderson) to the Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development (Bush)
Transmittal of a revised draft of heads of an agreement on atomic energy.
645
Aug. 6 The Secretary of War’s Special Assistant (Bundy) to the Secretary of War (Stimson)
Explanation of the views of Bush and Conant with respect to an agreement with the United Kingdom on atomic energy.
648
Aug. 6 The Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development (Bush) to the British Lord President of the Council (Anderson)
Comment on the revised draft of heads of an agreement on atomic energy.
649
Aug. 6 The British Lord President of the Council (Anderson) to the Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development (Bush)
Clarification of questions relating to the proposed agreement on atomic energy.
651
Aug. 7 The Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development (Bush) to the President
Report on Bush’s negotiations with Anderson; transmittal of documents relating to the negotiations; request for further instructions.
651
[Page LXII]

h. creation of the joint war aid committee, united states–Canada

Date Paper Page
1943 July 30 The Lend-Lease Administrator (Stettinius) to the President
Recommendation that Roosevelt approve a proposal to create a Joint War Aid Committee, United States–Canada; return of two papers on this subject.
653
July 31 The Assistant Secretary of State (Berle) to the Secretary of Slate
Background on the proposal to create a Joint War Aid Committee; recommendation that a Department of State representative be named to the Committee.
655
Aug. 6 The Secretary of State to the President
Approval of the proposal to create a Joint War Aid Committee; suggestion that a Department of State representative be named to the Committee.
656
Aug. 11 The President’s Secretary (Early) to the Secretary of State
Request for comments on the proposal to create a Joint War Aid Committee; transmittal of a memorandum on the subject by Lauchlin Currie.
657
Aug. 11 The Lend-Lease Administrator (Stettinius) to the President’s Secretary (Early)
Approval of a draft statement announcing the creation of a Joint War Aid Committee.
658
Aug. 13 The Secretary of State to the President
Approval of a draft statement announcing the creation of a Joint War Aid Committee.
658
Aug. 16 The President’s Special Assistant (Hopkins) to the Secretary of State
Notification that Roosevelt has approved naming an officer of the Department of State as a member of the Joint War Aid Committee.
658
Aug. 18 The Chinese Foreign Minister (Soong) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of a memorandum requesting that the United States withdraw its objections to China’s obtaining munitions from Canada under the Canadian mutual aid plan.
659

i. representation on the combined food board

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 16 The Secretary of State to the President
Agreement with a proposal by the War Food Administrator for the enlargement of the Combined Food Board; suggestion that the question be discussed by Roosevelt with Churchill.
660
[Page LXIII]

j. possible recognition of the french committee of national liberation

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 3 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Comments on the possible recognition of the French Committee of National Liberation.
661
Aug. 3 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Transmittal of a draft of a joint statement to be issued by the United States and the United Kingdom recognizing the French Committee of National Liberation.
662
Aug. 3 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Requests that nothing be done on recognition of the French Committee of National Liberation until Roosevelt and Churchill can discuss the matter.
663
Aug. 4 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Agreement to postpone action pending the meeting between Roosevelt and Churchill.
664
Aug. 5 The Secretary of State to the President
Transmittal of a draft statement on cooperation with the French Committee of National Liberation; analysis of the problem.
664
Aug. 7 The Assistant Chief of the Division of European Affairs (Hickerson) to the Secretary of State
Report of the Canadian desire for prompt action on the question of the French Committee of National Liberation.
667
Aug. 9 The Assistant to the President’s Military Aide (Hammond) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of a message from Roosevelt to Hull concerning postponement of action on the French Committee of National Liberation.
668
Aug. 11 The Secretary of State to the President
Transmittal of a revised draft statement on relations with the French Committee of National Liberation.
668
Aug. 12 The General Consultant (Savage) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of a draft memorandum for the President (not sent) recommending that the French Committee of National Liberation be invited to adhere to the Declaration by United Nations.
670

k. general policy toward iran

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 16 The Secretary of State to the President
Transmittal, for Roosevelt’s consideration and possible presentation to the Joint Chiefs of Staff, of a memorandum on United States policy in Iran.
672
[Page LXIV]

l. issuance of an anglo-american statement on Palestine

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 16 The Adviser on Political Relations (Murray) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of a memorandum summarizing developments, since the spring of 1943, affecting the release of a proposed joint statement by the United States and the United Kingdom on the question of Palestine.
674

m. postwar civil aviation policy

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 18 The Assistant Secretary of State (Berle) to the Secretary of State
Background on Anglo-American relations with respect to postwar commercial aviation and air rights; recommendation that the United States take the position at the Quebec Conference that it is not yet ready to enter negotiations toward an agreement on this question.
679

n. postwar world organization

Date Paper Page
1943 [Aug. 10] Memorandum by the Secretary of State’s Special Assistant (Pasvolsky)
Record of a discussion between Roosevelt and his advisers on questions relating to postwar world organization.
681
[Undated] Draft Protocol Prepared in the Department of State
Draft of a four-power security agreement for the transitional period pending a peace settlement.
682
[Aug. 10] Mr. Myron C. Taylor to President Roosevelt
Transmittal of a memorandum of July 8 summarizing the status of the work of the Advisory Committee on Post-War Foreign Policy.
684
Aug. 11 The Acting Secretary of State to the President
Transmittal of (1) a revised draft of a four-power declaration on transitional security arrangements; (2) a draft United Nations protocol to establish a Provisional United Nations Council, with annexed papers on the composition of the Council and on a proposed Security and Armaments Commission; and (3) a memorandum by Pasvolsky commenting on British proposals (attached) on postwar security arrangements.
691
Aug. 18 The Secretary of State’s Special Assistant (Pasvolsky) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of revised draft heads for a United Nations protocol to establish a Provisional Organization of the United Nations, and of a memorandum of August 9 by Pasvolsky summarizing international activities in which the United States must participate to reestablish and maintain peace.
706
[Page LXV]1943 Aug. 18 The Secretary of State’s Special Assistant (Pasvolsky) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of a draft, dated March 9, of a United Nations declaration on national independence, and of a background memorandum of April 15 on international trusteeship.
717
Aug. 19 The Legal Adviser (Hackworth) to the Secretary of State
Comments on the draft four-power declaration on transitional security arrangements.
728

o. german territorial questions

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 18 The Secretary of State’s Special Assistant (Pasvolsky) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of background memoranda analyzing possible alternative solutions to the following German boundary problems: the Polish-German frontier from Silesia to the Baltic Sea; Upper Silesia; the German-Czechoslovak boundary; the Austro-German frontier; Alsace-Lorraine; Eupen, Malmédy, and Moresnet; and the German-Netherlands boundary at the mouth of the Ems River.
730
Aug. 18 The Secretary of State’s Special Assistant (Pasvolsky) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of a background memorandum analyzing possible solutions to the problem of partitioning Germany.
761

p. italian territorial questions and the political reconstruction of italy

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 18 The Secretary of State’s Special Assistant (Pasvolsky) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of background memoranda analyzing possible alternative solutions to the following problems: the South Tyrol; the Italian-Yugoslav frontier; the Dodecanese Islands; Libya; Eritrea and Italian Somali-land; Pantelleria; a national government for Italy during the transition period; establishment of a provisional Italian central government; the nature of a permanent Italian national government; the reconstruction of local government in Italy; and methods for the reform of local government.
788
[Page LXVI]

6. Preliminary Conversations at Hyde Park

Editorial Note
Sources of information on the conversations. Advisability of proceeding immediately to Quebec; anti-submarine warfare; appointment of an American officer to command the cross-Channel invasion of Europe; recognition of the French Committee of National Liberation; appointment of a Canadian representative on the Combined Policy Committee on atomic energy; Churchill’s visit to Hyde Park following the Quebec Conference; relations with Ireland; a postwar “fraternal relationship” between the United States and the United Kingdom. Probable additional subjects of discussion: postwar world organization; recognition of Rome as an open city; conditions for an armistice to be demanded of Italy; Ethiopia; Libya; the possibility of a meeting with Stalin in Alaska.
830
1943 Aug. 14 Roosevelt–Churchill Dinner Meeting
Editorial Note
Excerpt from Harriman notes on the conversation. Policy toward Ireland; a postwar “fraternal relationship” between the United States and the United Kingdom; shipping problems.
832
Aug. 14 White House Press Release
Announcement of results of anti-submarine warfare during July.
833

7. Log of the President’s Visit to Canada

Date Paper Page
Editorial Note
Description of the Log.
835
1943 Aug. 16–26 The President’s Log
Chronological account of Presidential appointments, conferences, and other activities.
835

8. Proceedings of the Conference

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 14 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 10:30 a.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Conduct of the conference; acceptance of certain conclusions of the Third Washington Conference; agenda; review of the situation in the European Theater.
849
Aug. 14 Luncheon, 1:30 p.m.
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
856
Aug. 14 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 4:30 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes Review of the status of the war against Japan.
856
Aug. 15 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 2:30 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Recognition of Rome as an open city; strategic concept for the defeat of the Axis in Europe; outline plan for a cross-Channel invasion of Europe (Operation Overlord ); synthetic harbors; air and naval command for Overlord .
862
[Page LXVII]1943 Aug. 15 Marshall–Churchill Meeting, Evening
Editorial Note
Excerpt from Joint Chiefs of Staff minutes for August 16 concerning Marshall’s discussion with Churchill about Overlord .
869
Aug. 16 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 2:30 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Strategic concept for the defeat of the Axis in Europe; the combined bomber offensive against Germany from the United Kingdom.
870
Aug. 16 Harriman–Churchill Meeting, Afternoon
Editorial Note
Excerpt from the Harriman notes on the discussion. The Italian situation; Overlord ; shipping questions.
874
Aug. 17 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 2:30 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Strategic concept for the defeat of the Axis in Europe; Italian peace feelers; operations in the Pacific and the Far East in 1943 and 1944; operations against Japan from India.
875
Aug. 17 Roosevelt–Churchill Meeting, 11:30 p.m.
Editorial Note
Sources of information on the meeting; list of subjects discussed by Roosevelt and Churchill during the Quebec Conference not specifically documented in the papers on individual meetings.
880
Aug. 18 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 3 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Italian peace feelers; operations against Japan from India; production of landing craft; establishment of a Southeast Asia Command; a deception plan for the war against Japan; anti-submarine warfare; bases in the Azores.
881
Aug. 18 Roosevelt–Churchill Meeting, Afternoon
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record. Probable subject of discussion: bombing of the Möhne and Eder dams.
887
Aug. 18 Roosevelt–Churchill Meeting, Afternoon
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record. Probable subject of discussion: jungle warfare against Japan through the use of long-range penetration groups.
888
Aug. 18 Roosevelt–Churchill–Mackenzie King Meeting, Late Evening
Editorial Note
Sources of information on the meeting.
888
Aug. 19 Roosevelt–Churchill Luncheon Meeting, 1:30 p.m.
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
889
[Page LXVIII]1943 Aug. 19 Hopkins–Eden Meeting
Editorial Note
Source of information on the meeting. Proposed tripartite meeting with the Soviet Union; the second front; Soviet western frontiers; postwar treatment of Germany.
889
Aug. 19 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 2:30 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Approval of a progress report to Roosevelt and Churchill; artificial aircraft carriers ( Habbakuks); landing craft; use of a special force trained for snow operations; equipping allies, liberated forces, and friendly neutrals; special operations in Sardinia.
890
Aug. 19 Roosevelt–Churchill Meeting, Afternoon
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record. Possible subject of discussion: approval of an agreement on collaboration between the United States and the United Kingdom in atomic energy matters.
894
Aug. 19 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff With Roosevelt and Churchill, 5:30 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Progress report from the Combined Chiefs of Staff; the combined bomber offensive against Germany from the United Kingdom; Overlord ; landing craft; operations in Sardinia and southern France; operations in the Balkans in case of a German withdrawal; the war in the Mediterranean; bases in the Azores; the Southeast Asia Command; the war against Japan.
895
Aug. 19 Roosevelt–Churchill Dinner Meeting, 9:30 p.m.
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
903
Aug. 20 Roosevelt–Churchill Discussions
Editorial Note
Excerpt from the Harriman notes, which indicate that possible operations against Burma and Sumatra were discussed.
903
Aug. 20 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 2:30 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Naval and air commanders for Overlord ; equipping Allies, liberated forces, and friendly neutrals; operations in Sardinia; appreciation and plan for the defeat of Japan; immediate operations in the Mediterranean; military considerations in relation to Spain, Turkey, and the Soviet Union; synthetic harbors.
905
Aug. 20 Hull–Eden Meeting, Afternoon
Department of State Minutes
Bases in the Azores; surrender terms for Italy; relations with the Soviet Union; necessity for keeping China informed about the war; recognition of Rome as an open city; dependent peoples; message from the King of the Hellenes; transfer of the Yugoslav Government in exile from London to Cairo; Senate cooperation in the approval of wartime international agreements; recognition of the French Committee of National Liberation.
912
[Page LXIX]1943 Aug. 20 Roosevelt–Churchill Dinner Meeting, 9:30 p.m.
Editorial Note
Sources of information on the meeting. A proposed four-power declaration on security; a possible tripartite meeting with the Soviet Union.
917
Aug. 21 Roosevelt Meeting With His Advisers, Forenoon
Editorial Note
Excerpt from the Harriman notes, which indicate that shipping questions were discussed.
918
Aug. 21 Roosevelt–Churchill Luncheon Meeting, Early Afternoon
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
918
Aug. 21 Hull–Eden Meeting, 1 p.m.
Department of State Minutes
Proposed declaration on Palestine; civilian administration in liberated areas; surrender terms for Italy; dependent peoples; recognition of the French Committee of National Liberation.
919
Aug. 21 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 2:30 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Approval of a progress report to Roosevelt and Churchill; the Southeast Asia Command; operations in the Pacific and the Far East in 1943 and 1944; supply routes in northeast India; air plan for the defeat of Japan.
920
Aug. 21 Hull–Mackenzie King Meeting, About 4 p.m.
Editorial Note
Source of information on the meeting. Recognition of the French Committee of National Liberation.
922
Aug. 21 Roosevelt–Churchill Dinner Meeting, Evening
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
922
Aug. 21 Hull–Eden Meeting, 9 p.m.
Department of State Minutes
Political and civilian aspects of future military operations in Europe; the proposed four-power declaration on security; conversations to be held on monetary stabilization and commercial policy; dependent peoples; postwar treatment of Germany.
923
Aug. 21 Roosevelt–Churchill–Mackenzie King Meeting, Evening
Editorial Note
Sources of information on the meeting. Postwar world organization; the international position of China; recognition of the French Committee of National Liberation. Possible additional subject of discussion: creation of the Joint War Aid Committee, United States–Canada.
928
Aug. 22 Roosevelt–Churchill Luncheon Meeting, About 1 p.m.
Editorial Note
Excerpt from the Stimson Diary, which indicates that Stimson discussed with Roosevelt and Churchill, separately, the appointment of Marshall to command Overlord .
929
[Page LXX]1943 Aug. 22 Roosevelt–Churchill Meeting, 5:30 p.m.
Agenda Prepared by the British Delegation
Proposed agenda for the meeting.
930
Department of State Minutes
Proposed statement on German atrocities in Poland; proposed statement on military government in liberated areas; convoys to the Soviet Union; proposed statement on Palestine; fraternization between United States and British soldiers in the British Isles; message from the King of the Hellenes; recognition of the French Committee of National Liberation.
931
Aug. 22 Harriman–Bracken Meeting, Early Evening
Editorial Note
Excerpt from the Harriman notes, which indicate that the desirability of having a joint Roosevelt–Churchill press conference at Quebec was discussed.
934
Aug. 22 Roosevelt–Churchill Dinner Meeting, 8 p.m.
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
935
Aug. 22 Roosevelt–Churchill Meeting, 11 p.m.
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
935
Aug. 23 Roosevelt–Robertson Meeting, Forenoon
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
935
Aug. 23 Roosevelt–Churchill–Soong Luncheon Meeting, 1:30 p.m.
Editorial Note
Sources of information on the meeting. Possible subject of discussion: China’s acquisition of munitions from Canada.
936
Aug. 23 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 2:30 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Amendment of the draft report to Roosevelt and Churchill; Japanese treatment of prisoners of war; a proposed pipeline from India to China; operations from India; movement of the Queen Elizabeth and the Queen Mary; deferment of discussion of amphibians for Overlord ; equipping allies, liberated forces, and friendly neutrals; approval of a plan for a return to the Continent in the event of deterioration of the German position; rehabilitation of occupied and liberated territories; future convoy arrangements in the Atlantic.
937
Aug. 23 Roosevelt–Mountbatten Meeting, 5 p.m.
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
941
[Page LXXI]1943 Aug. 23 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff With Roosevelt and Churchill, 5:30 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Bases in the Azores; plan for a return to the Continent in the event of deterioration of the German position; Operation Overlord ; operations in Italy and southern France; target date for ending the war against Japan; operations in the Central Pacific and the China–Burma–India Theater; the Southeast Asia Command; policy toward Spain and Turkey.
942
Aug. 23 Hull–Eden Meeting
Editorial Note
Source of information on the meeting. Frontiers of the Soviet Union. Possible additional subject of discussion: recognition of the French Committee of National Liberation.
949
Aug. 23 Dunn–Cadogan Meeting
Editorial Note
Excerpt from a memorandum from Dunn to Hull of September 1, which indicates that surrender terms for Italy were discussed at this meeting.
950
Aug. 23 Roosevelt–Churchill Dinner Meeting, Evening
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
952
Aug. 23 Roosevelt–Churchill Meeting, 10 p.m.
Editorial Note
Sources of information on the meeting. Recognition of the French Committee of National Liberation. Probable additional subject of discussion: text of the conference communiqué.
953
Aug. 24 Roosevelt–Churchill Meeting, Forenoon
Editorial Note
Source of information on the meeting. Recognition of the French Committee of National Liberation.
953
Aug. 24 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 10:30 a.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Amendments to the final report to Roosevelt and Churchill; operations in the Mediterranean; future convoy arrangements in the Atlantic; discussion with Soong of matters affecting China; relation of resources to military plans; announcement of Mountbatten’s appointment as Supreme Commander, Southeast Asia Command; proposal for a committee to coordinate propaganda; approval of a draft message to Stalin.
954
Aug. 24 Roosevelt–Churchill–Mackenzie King Press Conference, 12:15 p.m.
Editorial Note
References to the text of the conference communiqué and of informal remarks made at the press conference.
964
[Page LXXII]1943 Aug. 24 Roosevelt–Churchill–Mackenzie King Luncheon Meeting, Early Afternoon
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
965
Aug. 24 Harriman–Eden Conversation, Afternoon
Editorial Note
Excerpt from the Harriman notes, which indicate that the proposed tripartite meeting with the Soviet Union was discussed.
965
Aug. 24 Roosevelt–Churchill Dinner Meeting, Evening
Editorial Note
Excerpt from the Harriman notes, which indicate that a message which had been received from Stalin was discussed.
965
Aug. 24 Roosevelt–Churchill Meeting, Evening
Editorial Note
Excerpt from the Harriman notes, which indicate that the message from Stalin was discussed further.
966

9. Conference Documents and Supplementary Papers

a. the war in asia and the pacific

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 15 Memorandum by the British Chiefs of Staff
Proposal for the creation of a Southeast Asia Command.
968
Aug. 18 Note by the Secretaries of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Revised draft of a paragraph on the air route into China.
971
Aug. 18 Report by an Ad Hoc Committee of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Analysis of the allocation of tonnage in the India–China area; recommendation against abandoning offensives planned at Ledo and Imphal.
972
Aug. 18 Report by the United States Joint Administrative Committee
Analysis of the problem of constructing a pipeline from India to China; recommendation that the Combined Chiefs of Staff approve the pipeline project.
973
Aug. 18 The Combined Staff Planners to the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Analysis of and recommendations concerning an appreciation and plan (summary attached) for the defeat of Japan.
975
Aug. 18 Memorandum by the British Chiefs of Staff
Recommendations on the allocation of landing craft.
989
Aug. 18 Memorandum by the British Chiefs of Staff
Description of three types of artificial aircraft carriers ( Habbakuks); recommendations concerning the construction of and experimentation with Habbakuks.
989
[Page LXXIII]1943 Aug. 19 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Comments on the allocation of landing craft.
991
Aug. 19 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Negative reply to the British recommendations on Habbakuks.
991
Aug. 19 The Combined Chiefs of Staff to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill
Progress report on conference discussions with regard to the war against Japan.
992
Aug. 20 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Revised draft of a paragraph on the air route into China.
993
Aug. 20 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Recommendation that the Combined Chiefs of Staff approve paragraph 20 of the appreciation and plan for the defeat of Japan.
994
Aug. 20 Memorandum by the United States Army Air Force Planners
Air plan for the defeat of Japan.
995
Aug. 21 Paper Approved by the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Creation of a Southeast Asia Command.
1000
Aug. 21 Report by an Ad Hoc Committee of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Recommendation that the Combined Chiefs of Staff approve the proposal for a pipeline from India to China.
1003
Aug. 21 Memorandum by the British Quartermaster General (Riddell-Webster) and the Commanding General, United States Army Service Forces (Somervell)
Recommendation that the Combined Chiefs of Staff approve in principle a project for a supply route to China through Burma and Assam.
1003
[Aug. 22] Memorandum by the Military Assistant Secretary to the British War Cabinet (Jacob)
Suggested statement to be made to Soong.
1005
Aug. 23 Memorandum by the British Chiefs of Staff
Possible courses of action with regard to operations from India.
1005
Editorial Note
Reference to the conclusions reached by the Combined Chiefs of Staff at the Quebec Conference.
1007
[Page LXXIV]

b. the war in europe and the mediterranean

Date Paper Page
Editorial Note
Reference to related documentation.
1008
1943 Aug. 14 Memorandum by the British Chiefs of Staff
Report on artificial harbors for combined operations.
1008
Aug. 14 Memorandum by the Chief of Staff to the Supreme Allied Commander Designate (Morgan)
Digest of a plan for a return to the Continent in the event of a deterioration of the German position (Operation Rankin ).
1010
Aug. 15 Memorandum by the Chief of the British Air Staff (Portal)
Transmittal of a British intelligence appreciation on the German Air Force in relation to the combined bomber offensive against Germany from the United Kingdom (Operation Pointblank ).
1018
Aug. 16 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Proposal that the Combined Chiefs of Staff assign to Overlord an overriding priority over other operations in the European Theater.
1023
Aug. 17 Note by the Secretaries of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Transmittal of the decisions of the Combined Chiefs of Staff on the strategic concept of operations for the defeat of the Axis in Europe.
1024
Aug. 18 Memorandum by the British Chiefs of Staff
Proposal on assault forces for Overlord .
1026
Aug. 18 Memorandum by the British Chiefs of Staff
Proposal for overcoming a shortage of landing craft for Overlord .
1027
Aug. 18 Memorandum by the British Chiefs of Staff
Proposals for use of a force with special training for snow operations.
1028
Aug. 18 Memorandum by the Joint Staff Planners
Recommendations for equipping allies, liberated forces, and friendly neutrals.
1029
Aug. 19 The Combined Chiefs of Staff to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill
Progress report on conference discussions with regard to the war in Europe and the Mediterranean.
1037
Aug. 20 Report by the Combined Military Transportation Committee
Recommendation on convoy allocations.
1040
Aug. 20 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Suggestion that the deficiencies in landing craft for Overlord will have to be made good from the Mediterranean.
1041
Aug. 21 Memorandum by the British Chiefs of Staff
Recommendation that the Queen Elizabeth and the Queen Mary revert to a schedule based on a 21-day cycle.
1041
[Page LXXV]1943 Aug. 21 Memorandum by the British Chiefs of Staff
Recommendation that production of amphibious trucks be increased if possible and that priority of allocation for amphibians be given to Overlord .
1042
Aug. 21 Memorandum by the British Delegation
Recommendation that the Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees take over approaches to neutral countries on refugee questions from the British Foreign Office and the Department of State.
1043
Aug. 21 Memorandum by the British Delegation
Analysis of the problem of a return to Greece by the King of the Hellenes; suggestions for a reply to be made to the King’s message to Churchill; instructions (attached) for Churchill’s reply.
1044
Aug. 22 Proposal by the United States Delegation
Draft statement on the role of military government in liberated areas.
1046
Aug. 22 Report by an Ad Hoc Committee of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Recommendation on convoy priorities.
1047
Aug. 22 Note by the Secretaries of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Notification that the United States Chiefs of Staff have recommended approval of certain paragraphs of a paper on equipping allies, liberated forces, and friendly neutrals.
1049
Aug. 22 Report by an Ad Hoc Committee of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Recommendations on the rehabilitation of occupied and liberated territories.
1049
Aug. 22 The Netherlands Ambassador (Loudon) to President Roosevelt
Transmittal of a draft warning to Germany against committing atrocities or destruction before evacuating occupied territories.
1052
Aug. 23 Memorandum by the British Chiefs of Staff
Approval of part of a paper on equipping allies, liberated forces, and friendly neutrals.
1053
Editorial Note
Reference to the conclusions reached by the Combined Chiefs of Staff at the Quebec Conference.
1054

c. special questions relating to italy: peace feelers, surrender declaration of rome as an open city, military operations, terms

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 14 Note by the Secretaries of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Transmittal of a suggested message to Eisenhower asking him to make no further attacks on Rome pending further instructions.
1054
[Page LXXVI]1943 Aug. 15 The Combined Chiefs of Staff to the Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower)
Revocation of the previous day’s standstill order on the bombing of Rome.
1055
Aug. 17 The Combined Chiefs of Staff to the Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower)
Instruction to hold two staff officers in readiness to proceed to Lisbon for possible conversations with General Castellano.
1055
Aug. 17 The Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower) to the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Suggestions as to how to proceed with conversations with Castellano.
1056
Aug. 17 The British Foreign Office to the British Embassy in the United States
Background on the missions to Lisbon of Lanza d’Ajeta and Castellano.
1056
[Aug. 17] The Chargé at Vatican City (Tittmann) to the Secretary of State
Summary of a note from the Papal Secretary of State on the bombing of Rome and the recognition of Rome as an open city.
1057
[Aug. 17] The Chargé at Vatican City (Tittmann) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of the text of an Italian declaration that anti-aircraft batteries at Rome would not react to air bombardments.
1059
Aug. 18 President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill to Marshal Stalin
Notification concerning the conquest of Sicily.
1059
Aug. 18 The Combined Chiefs of Staff to the Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower)
Instruction to send two staff officers to Lisbon with the previously approved military armistice terms for presentation to Castellano; further details to be communicated to Castellano.
1060
[Aug. 19] The British Deputy Prime Minister (Attlee) to the Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower)
Notification that Roosevelt and Churchill have agreed to an amendment of the military armistice terms for Italy.
1061
[Aug. 19] President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill to Marshal Stalin
Notification of the instructions sent to Eisenhower; information on the planned invasion of the Italian mainland.
1062
[Page LXXVII]1943 Aug. 19 President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill to Marshal Stalin
Explanation of two code words; transmittal of the text of the instructions sent to Eisenhower.
1063
Aug. 19 Note by the Secretaries of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Transmittal of a summary of recent correspondence with Allied Force Headquarters concerning future operations against Italy.
1063
Aug. 19 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Suggested message to Eisenhower on fifth-column activities in Sardinia.
1068
Aug. 20 The Combined Chiefs of Staff to the Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower)
Request for Eisenhower’s recommendations on possible fifth-column activities in Sardinia and Corsica.
1059
[Aug. 20] The Chargé at Vatican City (Tittmann) to the Acting Secretary of State
Report on measures taken to make Rome an open city.
1069
Aug. 21 The Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower) to the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Minutes of the meeting held with Castellano at Lisbon on August 19, during which the approved military armistice terms were communicated to him.
1070
Aug. 21 The Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower) to the Chief of Staff, United States Army (Marshall)
Report of general information obtained from Castellano on the German position and German intentions in Italy.
1074
Aug. 21 The British Consul General at Tangier (Gascoigne) to the British Foreign Office
Report of a further conversation with Berio.
1076
Aug. 21 The British Consul General at Tangier (Gascoigne) to the British Foreign Office
Supplemental report on a conversation with Berio.
1077
Aug. 21 The Acting Secretary of State to the President
Transmittal of a note from the Apostolic Delegate enclosing two memoranda on the war against Italy.
1078
Aug. 21 The Acting Secretary of State to the President
Transmittal of a memorandum of a conversation between Welles and the Apostolic Delegate concerning the desire of Italy to end its war against the United Nations.
1081
Aug. 21 Memorandum by the Secretariat of the Combined Civil Affairs Committee
Minutes of a meeting of the Combined Civil Affairs Committee, at which surrender terms for Italy were discussed.
1082
[Page LXXVIII]1943 Aug. 22 Marshal Stalin to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill
Complaint that the Soviet Union has not been fully and promptly informed on negotiations with Italy; suggestion that a tripartite military-political commission be established to consider questions concerning negotiations with governments disassociating themselves from Germany.
1086
Aug. 22 Mr. J. Wesley Jones, of the Division of European Affairs, to the Adviser on Political Relations (Dunn)
Transmittal of a message received through the Office of Strategic Services concerning the intentions of Italy.
1087
Aug. 23 Mr. J. Wesley Jones, of the Division of European Affairs, to the Chief of the Division of European Affairs (Matthews)
Report on developments in the drafting of surrender terms for Italy.
1088
[Undated] The British Foreign Secretary (Eden) to the British Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sargent)
Instructions for the British Ambassador at Lisbon to give the comprehensive surrender terms to the Italian emissaries.
1090
Editorial Note
Reference to conclusions reached by the Combined Chiefs of Staff at the Quebec Conference concerning Italy.
1091

d. bases in the azores

Date Paper Page
1943 [Aug. 19] President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill to Marshal Stalin
Notification of Portuguese agreement to grant bases in the Azores for the use of British forces.
1091
Editorial Note
Reference to the conclusions reached by the Combined Chiefs of Staff at the Quebec Conference concerning the Azores.
1092

e. scale of possible attack on north america

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 16 Report by the Combined Intelligence Committee
Report on the probable scale of enemy attack on the east and west coasts of North America.
1092
[Page LXXIX]

f. tripartite meeting with the soviet union

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 18 President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill to Marshal Stalin
Suggestion that Stalin meet Roosevelt and Churchill at Fairbanks; agreement, if a meeting with Stalin is not possible, to have a tripartite meeting at the foreign office level.
1095

g. cooperation with the united kingdom in research on atomic energy

Date Paper Page
Editorial Note
Reference to the Roosevelt–Churchill agreement of August 19.
1096
1943 Aug. 23 The Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development (Bush) to the President
Suggestion that a ranking British scientist be sent to the United States to act as the chief liaison officer under Sir John Anderson in atomic energy matters.
1096

h. propaganda coordination

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 15 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Proposal for the establishment of a Propaganda Committee at Washington to make decisions and issue broad directives on propaganda policies to be followed by the propaganda agencies of the United States and the United Kingdom.
1097

i. policy toward spain

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 20 Memorandum by the British Chiefs of Staff
Suggested policy objectives with regard to Spain and means of achieving them; analysis (attached) of the wolfram situation in the Iberian peninsula.
1099
Editorial Note
Reference to the conclusions reached by the Combined Chiefs of Staff at the Quebec Conference concerning Spain.
1101

j. possible recognition of the french committee of national liberation

Date Paper Page
1943 [Aug. 21?] Draft of Joint Statement
Draft statement on recognition of the French Committee of National Liberation, for release by the United States and British Governments.
1101
[Aug. 21?] Draft of Joint Statement
Alternative draft statement on recognition of the French Committee of National Liberation, for release by the United States and British Governments.
1102
[Page LXXX]1943 [Aug. 21?] Draft of Joint Statement
Draft statement on recognition of the French Committee of National Liberation, for release by Roosevelt and Churchill.
1103
[Aug. 21?] Draft of Joint Statement
Composite text of two drafts of a statement on recognition of the French Committee of National Liberation, for release by Roosevelt and Churchill.
1104
Aug. 21 Draft of Statement for President Roosevelt
Draft statement on the relationship of the United States to the French Committee of National Liberation, for release by Roosevelt.
1105
[Aug. 22] Draft of Statement To Be Issued by the United States Government
Draft statement on the relationship of the United States to the French Committee of National Liberation.
1106
[Aug. 22?] Draft of Statement To Be Issued by the United States Government
British redraft of a statement on the relationship of the United States to the French Committee of National Liberation.
1107
Aug. 22 Prime Minister Mackenzie King to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of the text of a draft note to the French delegate at Ottawa concerning Canadian recognition of the French Committee of National Liberation.
1108
[Aug. 23] Draft of Statement To Be Issued by the British Government
Draft statement on British recognition of the French Committee of National Liberation.
1109
[Aug. 24] Draft of Statement To Be Issued by the British Government
Revised draft of a statement on British recognition of the French Committee of National Liberation.
1110
Editorial Note
Reference to the texts of the statements issued by the United States, British, and Canadian Governments at the conclusion of the Quebec Conference, concerning their relationship to the French Committee on National Liberation.
1111

k. policy toward austria

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 20 Archduke Otto of Austria to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of aide-mémoire calling for a declaration by the Quebec Conference that Austria is an occupied country; for a settlement of the question of southern Tyrol; and for the recognition by the United Nations of a provisional Austrian authority.
1111
[Page LXXXI]

l. the soviet-polish boundary

Date Paper Page
1943 [Aug. 23] The British Foreign Secretary (Eden) to the Secretary of State
Suggestion as to an equitable solution of Soviet territorial claims; outline of reasons for discussions with the Soviet Union on this subject in the near future.
1113

m. issuance of an anglo-american statement on palestine

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 21 Memorandum by the British Delegation
Suggestion that a joint statement on Palestine be issued soon by the United States and the United Kingdom.
1116

n. final documents of the conference

(1) Agreement Relating to Atomic Energy

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 19 Agreement Relating to Atomic Energy
Agreement on the future use of atomic weapons, on the communication to other parties of information on atomic energy, and on postwar industrial or commercial uses of atomic energy; establishment and functions of a Combined Policy Committee on atomic energy questions.
1117

(2) Press Release Announcing the Creation of the Joint War Aid Committee, United States–Canada

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 22 Press Release Issued Jointly by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Mackenzie King
Announcement of the creation, functions, and membership of the Joint War Aid Committee, United States–Canada.
1119

(3) Declaration on German Crimes in Poland

Date Paper Page
1943 [Aug. 22] Declaration on German Crimes in Poland
Declaration by the United States Government that the instigators and perpetrators of German crimes in Poland would be punished and that the war against Germany would be prosecuted with vigor.
1120
[Page LXXXII]

(4) Reports of Conclusions Reached by the Combined Chiefs of Staff

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 24 The Combined Chiefs of Staff to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill
Report of the final agreed summary of conclusions reached by the Combined Chiefs of Staff at the Quebec Conference on the prosecution of the war.
1121
Aug. 26 Report by the Combined Staff Planners
Report, approved by the Combined Chiefs of Staff, on the availability of resources to meet the requirements of strategy approved at the Quebec Conference.
1132

(5) Communiqué

Date Paper Page
1943 [Aug. 24] Communiqué
Announcement regarding discussions and decisions of the Quebec Conference.
1157

(6) Reports on the Conference to Stalin and Chiang

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 24 President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill to Marshal Stalin
Report to Stalin on the decisions reached during the conference.
1159
Aug. 24 President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill to Generalissimo Chiang
Report to Chiang on the decisions reached during the conference.
1160

(7) Directive to Eisenhower Transmitting Surrender Terms for Italy

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 26 The Combined Chiefs of Staff to the Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower)
Transmittal of comprehensive surrender terms for Italy, as approved by Roosevelt and Churchill; instruction to give these terms to the Italian representatives in any future negotiations.
1161

(8) Statements on Relations With the French Committee of National Liberation

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 22 Statement by the United States Government
Statement (released August 27) on the relationship of the United States to the French Committee of National Liberation.
1169
[Aug. 26] Statement by the British Government
Statement recognizing the French Committee of National Liberation.
1170
[Aug. 26] Statement by the Canadian Government
Statement recognizing the French Committee of National Liberation.
1171
[Page LXXXIII]

10. arrangements for conversations at washington and developments in the italian situation

Date Paper Page
1943 [Aug. 24] The British Ambassador in the Soviet Union (Clark Kerr) to the British Foreign Office
Report of a conversation with Molotov concerning Italian peace feelers and the establishment of a tripartite politico-military commission.
1173
[Aug. 24] Marshal Stalin to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill
Negative response to the invitation to meet Roosevelt and Churchill at Fairbanks; approval of a tripartite meeting of Foreign Ministers; approval of the instructions sent to Eisenhower; renewal of a proposal for a tripartite military-political commission on Italy.
1174
Aug. 25 The Apostolic Delegation to the Department of State
Notification of steps taken by the Italian Government to make effective its declaration of Rome as an open city.
1175
Aug. 25 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Record of a conversation with the Minister of Portugal concerning the Italian situation.
1176
Aug. 26 Mr. J. Wesley Jones, of the Division of European Affairs, to the Secretary of State
Comments on Italian overtures to the Allies through Portuguese channels.
1177
Aug. 26 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Suggestion that Churchill arrive in Washington on September 1.
1178
Aug. 26 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Assent to Churchill’s plan to arrive in Washington on September 1; suggestion as to Mary Churchill’s plans.
1178
Aug. 26 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill Comment on a message received from Stalin. 1178
[Undated] The British Ambassador in Portugal (Campbell) to the British Foreign Office Report of the arrival of General Zanussi in Lisbon to discuss armistice terms. 1179
Aug. 26 The British Ambassador in Portugal (Campbell) to the British Foreign Office
Suggestion of alternative methods of communicating the approved comprehensive surrender terms to the Italian authorities.
1180
Aug. 26 The British Foreign Office to the British Ambassador in Portugal (Campbell)
Instruction to communicate the comprehensive surrender terms to Zanussi.
1180
Aug. 27 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Confirmation of plans for arriving in Washington; suggested text for an interim reply to Stalin’s most recent message; congratulations on Roosevelt’s address at Ottawa.
1181
Aug. 28 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Notification that Roosevelt has sent to Stalin the interim reply suggested by Churchill.
1182
[Page LXXXIV]1943 Aug. 28 The Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower) to the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Report on developments in the Italian situation since the Lisbon conversations with Castellano; plans for taking Zanussi from Lisbon to Algiers for discussions; suggestion that an armistice be concluded on the basis of the military terms if Castellano is empowered to accept those terms.
1182
Aug. 28 The Ambassador in the Soviet Union (Standley) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of the text of a note from Molotov to Clark Kerr giving Soviet approval to the comprehensive surrender terms for Itaty.
1185
Aug. 28 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Transmittal of an exchange of messages between Churchill and the military authorities in the Mediterranean concerning the plans for an invasion of the Italian mainland.
1186
Aug. 28 The British Ambassador in Spain (Hoare) to the British Foreign Office
Reports from Spanish and Brazilian sources on the situation in Itaty.
1188
Aug. 29 The Joint Chiefs of Staff to the Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower)
Transmittal of Roosevelt’s authorization to obtain signature of the military armistice terms and then to transmit the comprehensive surrender terms to the Italian representatives.
1188
Aug. 29 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Notification concerning the authorization given to Eisenhower with regard to Italian armistice terms.
1189
Aug. 30 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Suggestion that Mrs. Churchill come to Washington with the Prime Minister.
1189
Aug. 30 President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill
Expression of pleasure that Mrs. Churchill can come to Washington.
1189
Aug. 30 The Combined Chiefs of Staff to the Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower)
Authorization to sign the Italian surrender on behalf of the Soviet Union; interpretation that Soviet approval may be taken to apply to either the military armistice terms or the comprehensive surrender terms.
1190
Aug. 30 The President to the Secretary of State
Expression of the opinion that Italian measures for making Rome an open city are unsatisfactory.
1190
Aug. 30 The British Ambassador in Portugal (Campbell) to the British Foreign Office
Report that Castellano has reached Rome; speculation as to possible reasons for lack of a message from him.
1190
[Page LXXXV]1943 Aug. 30 The British Foreign Office to the British Minister Resident at Allied Force Headquarters (Macmillan)
Notification that Eisenhower is empowered to sign the Italian surrender articles on behalf of Greece; inquiry as to possible arrangements for the presence of representatives of Greece and France.
1191
Aug. 31 The British Minister Resident at Allied Force Headquarters (Macmillan) to the British Foreign Office
Information that no arrangements can yet be made with regard to signature of the Italian armistice.
1191
Aug. 31 The First Secretary of the British Embassy (Hayter) to the the Chief of the Division of European Affairs (Matthews)
Transmittal of a message from Eden to Macmillan on the possible signature of the comprehensive surrender terms by Castellano and stating that the Soviet Union has approved only the comprehensive terms; notification that the comprehensive terms have not been sent by messenger to Rome.
1192
Aug. 31 The President’s Personal Representative in North Africa (Murphy) and the Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower) to the Secretary of State and the Chief of Staff, United States Army (Marshall)
Report on the Italian political situation based on conversations with Zanussi at Algiers.
1193
Aug. 31 The President’s Personal Representative in North Africa (Murphy) and the Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower) to the Secretary of State and the Chief of Staff, United States Army (Marshall)
Report on a further conversation with Zanussi.
1195

11. Proceedings of the Conversations at Washington

Date Paper Page
Editorial Note
Character and scope of the conversations; references to documentation indicating that discussion took place on the following subjects: approval of joint messages to Stalin and Eisenhower; drafting of a message from Roosevelt to Stalin; addition of France to the politico-military commission proposed by Stalin; a declaration on gas warfare; Anglo-American interchange of atomic energy information; release of information on anti-submarine warfare in August; publication of minutes of the Council of Four during the Paris Peace Conference of 1919.
1197
1943 Sept. 1 Roosevelt–Churchill Conversation, 11:30 p.m.
Entry in the White House Map Room Log Notebook
Receipt of and reply to three messages from Eisenhower.
1198
Sept. 2 Roosevelt–Churchill Meeting, 11:25 a.m.
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
1199
[Page LXXXVI]1943 Sept. 2 Roosevelt–Churchill Meeting, Noon
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
1199
Sept. 2 Leahy–Cadogan Meeting
Editorial Note
Excerpt from the Leahy Diary, which indicates that a request to the Soviet Union to approve the military armistice terms for Italy was discussed.
1199
Sept. 2 Roosevelt–Churchill Conversation, 11:30 p.m.
Entry in the White House Map Room Log Notebook
Forthcoming tripartite meeting between the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union.
1200
Sept. 3 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 2:30 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Allocation of landing craft; hospital ships; propaganda; secrecy definitions; intelligence activities in India; civil affairs in enemy-occupied areas; reply to a Netherlands offer of a marine landing force.
1201
Combined Chiefs of Staff Supplementary Minutes
Progress in the invasion of Calabria; artificial harbors for combined operations; slowness of the build-up following the assault at Salerno; liberated Yugoslav prisoners; operations of the Soviet Air Force after the bombing of Ploeşti; possible German use of gas warfare.
1205
Sept. 3 Roosevelt–Churchill Meeting, 4:40 p.m.
Minutes
Floating airfields; appointment of an ad hoc committee to study and report on this subject.
1207
Sept. 3 Roosevelt–Churchill Meeting, 5:50 p.m.
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
1208
Sept. 7 Roosevelt–Churchill Meeting, 10:50 a.m.
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
1209
Sept. 8 Roosevelt–Churchill Meeting, 10:55 a.m.
Editorial Note
Absence of substantive record.
1209
Sept. 8 Roosevelt–Churchill Luncheon Meeting, 1 p.m.
Editorial Note
Excerpt from the Stimson Diary, which indicates that the surrender of Italy and postwar policy were discussed.
1209
Sept. 8 Roosevelt–Churchill Meeting, Early Afternoon
Editorial Note
Excerpt from the Stimson Diary, which indicates that the chairmanship of the Combined Policy Committee on atomic energy questions was discussed.
1210
[Page LXXXVII]1943
Sept. 9
Marshall–Churchill Meeting, 12:30 p.m.
Editorial Note
Excerpt from the minutes of a meeting of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to which Marshall reported that Churchill had given him a memorandum which he wished to discuss with the Combined Chiefs of Staff later in the day.
1211
Sept. 9 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff With Roosevelt and Churchill, 5 p.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Possible acquisition of the Italian fleet; proposals for action in Italy; use of the British Navy in the Pacific war; possible use of captured Italian vessels; supplies for guerrillas in the Balkans; floating airfields.
1212
Sept. 9 Harriman–Churchill Conversation, 11 p.m.
Editorial Note
Excerpt from a Harriman memorandum, which indicates that Italian developments, use of the British Navy in the Pacific, the Soviet Union, Churchill’s views on Marshall, and the use of Italian liners as troop transports were discussed.
1216
Sept. 10 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 11 a.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Allocation of escort vessels to the French Navy; logistic organization to improve mobility of anti-submarine squadrons; use of escort carriers in offensive action against submarines; reply to a Netherlands offer of a marine landing force; approval of an intelligence report on the probable scale of attack against the east and west coasts of North America; code designators.
1219
Combined Chiefs of Staff Supplementary Minutes
Review of the strategic situation in the light of the collapse of Italy; floating airfields; operations of the Soviet Air Force following the bombing of Ploeşti; use of the Azores; directive for the Control Commission and Allied military government in Italy; establishment of a Propaganda Committee.
1222
Sept. 10 Meeting of Churchill With an Ad Hoc Committee, Noon
Secretariat Minutes
Artificial airfields.
1227
Sept. 11 Meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff With Churchill, 11 a.m.
Combined Chiefs of Staff Minutes
Review of the strategic situation in the light of the collapse of Italy; possible use of Greek and Yugoslav forces; a possible Soviet follow-up to the bombing of Ploeşti; the situation in Italy; military government; Hitler’s speech of September 10; the situation in the Pacific; use of special forces trained for snow operations.
1229
Sept. 11 Hull–Churchill Dinner Meeting, 8 p.m.
Editorial Note
Sources of information on the meeting.
1236
[Page LXXXVIII]

12. Washington Documents and Supplementary Papers

a. the war in asia and the pacific

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 28 Note by the Secretaries of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Transmittal of revised wording for a paper on civil affairs in enemy-occupied territories.
1237
Aug. 31 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Comment on British proposals concerning intelligence activities in India.
1237
Sept. 1 Note by the Secretaries of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Transmittal of a Netherlands offer of a marine landing force and of a draft reply thereto.
1238
Sept. 2 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Record of a conversation with Soong about the matters discussed at the Quebec Conference.
1239
Sept. 4 Note by the Secretaries of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Record of approval by the Combined Chiefs of Staff of the formation of a Combined Liaison Committee to coordinate intelligence activities in India; functions of the Committee.
1240
Sept. 7 The Commander in Chief, United States Fleet (King) to the President
Transmittal of the report of an ad hoc committee on floating airfields ( Habbakuks).
1242

b. the war in europe

Date Paper Page
1943 Sept. 2 Report by the Combined Administrative Committee
Conclusions and recommendations concerning artificial harbors for combined operations.
1243
Sept. 3 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Renewed proposal concerning operations of the Soviet Air Force as a follow-up to the bombing of Ploeşti.
1245
Sept. 3 Report by the Combined Staff Planners
Transmittal of a draft reply by the Combined Chiefs of Staff to a message from Eisenhower (attached) asking for policy guidance on the use of liberated Yugoslav prisoners.
1246
Sept. 3 The Combined Chiefs of Staff to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill
Recommendation that Germany be warned against resorting to gas warfare.
1250
Sept. 3 The President’s Personal Representative in North Africa (Murphy) to the Secretary of State
Report on the contest for control of the French Committee of National Liberation and the French military forces.
1251
Sept. 4 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Record of a conversation with the Danish Minister concerning a draft statement on Denmark (attached) for possible use by Roosevelt.
1252
[Page LXXXIX]1943
Sept. 7
Prime Minister Churchill’s Assistant Private Secretary (Rowan) to the President’s Naval Aide (Brown)
Transmittal of the text of a declaration on gas warfare approved by Roosevelt and Churchill.
1254
[Sept. 8] The British Permanent Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Cadogan) to Prime Minister Churchill
Suggestion for a tripartite agreement among the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union on sharing information on weapons or processes used against the enemy.
1255
Sept. 10 The Combined Chiefs of Staff to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill
Transmittal of a draft message to Stalin suggesting that the Soviet Air Force bomb Ploeşti.
1256

c. the surrender of italy and the allied invasion of the italian peninsula

Date Paper Page
1943 Sept. 1 The Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower) to the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Report of armistice discussions with Castellano in Sicily; extension of the time limit for acceptance of the armistice terms to permit Castellano to consult his government again.
1257
Sept. 1 The Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower) to the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Analysis of the Italian situation.
1259
Sept. 1 The Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower) to the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Notification that Castellano has sent word of Italian acceptance of the armistice terms.
1261
Sept. 2 President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill to the Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower)
Approval of Eisenhower’s decision to launch an attack on Salerno (Operation Avalanche ) and to land an airborne division near Rome.
1261
Sept. 2 President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill to Marshal Stalin
Notification of Italian willingness to sign an armistice; review of the Italian situation; statement of assumption that Stalin expects Eisenhower to sign the military terms on behalf of the Soviet Union if those are the terms accepted by Italy.
1262
Sept. 2 Memorandum by the Representatives of the British Chiefs of Staff
Transmittal of a message from the British Chiefs of Staff expressing concern at the slowness of the build-up for Operation Avalanche .
1263
[Page XC]1943
Sept. 3
The Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower) to the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Report that Castellano has signed the military armistice terms.
1264
Sept. 3 The Adviser on Political Relations (Dunn) to the Secretary of State
Review of the purposes of Allied military government in occupied territory.
1264
Sept. 4 The Secretary of State to the President’s Chief of Staff (Leahy)
Transmittal of a note from the Greek Embassy (not printed) asking for Greek representation on the armistice delegation to be set up in connection with the surrender of Italy and for the delivery to Greek authorities of certain Italian-occupied territories, including the Dodecanese and northern Epirus.
1265
Sept. 6 The President’s Chief of Staff (Leahy) to the Secretary of State
Notification that Roosevelt and Churchill are discussing the question of informing Eisenhower that the Greek Government has authorized him to sign the surrender terms on its behalf.
1266
Sept. 7 Marshal Stalin to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill
Assent to Eisenhower’s signing the military armistice terms on behalf of the Soviet Union.
1267
Sept. 7 The Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower) to the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Text of the announcement of the Italian surrender to be made by Eisenhower before the attack on Salerno.
1267
Sept. 7 The Combined Chiefs of Staff to the Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower)
Amendment to Eisenhower’s proposed announcement of the Italian surrender.
1268
Sept. 7 President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill to the Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower)
Transmittal of the text of a proposed joint press release on the Italian surrender to be issued in Washington on September 8.
1268
Sept. 8 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Recommendation that the Combined Chiefs of Staff approve a draft directive (attached) on military government in Italy.
1269
[Page XCI]1943
Sept. 8
The Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Smith) to the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Transmittal of a message from Badoglio stating that Italy can no longer accept an immediate armistice; comment on this message.
1273
Sept. 8 The Chief of Staff, United States Army (Marshall) to the Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower)
Notification of the view of Roosevelt and Churchill that Eisenhower should announce the Italian armistice in such a way as to facilitate his military operations.
1274
Sept. 8 The Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower) to the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Decision not to accept the change in the Italian attitude but to proceed with announcement of the armistice.
1274
Sept. 8 President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill to the Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower)
Approval of Eisenhower’s proposed course of action.
1275
Sept. 8 The President’s Personal Representative in North Africa (Murphy) to the President
Account of the final negotiations for and the signing of the armistice with Italy.
1275
Sept. 9 President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill to Marshal Stalin
Notification of the signature of the Italian armistice and of the Allied invasion of the Italian peninsula near Naples.
1283
Sept. 10 Marshal Stalin to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill
Congratulations on the Allied successes in Italy.
1284
Sept. 10 The Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (Eisenhower) to the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Transmittal of the text of a message urging Badoglio to strike against the Germans; suggestion that Roosevelt and Churchill also urge Italian resistance to Germany.
1284
[Sept. 10] Draft by Prime Minister Churchill
Proposed message for Roosevelt and Churchill to send to Badoglio.
1285
Sept. 10 The President to the President’s Naval Aide (Brown)
Approval of Churchill’s draft of a joint message to Badoglio, with a suggested amendment.
1286
[Page XCII]

d. review of the strategic situation in light of the italian surrender

Date Paper Page
1943 [Sept. 9] Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Suggestion that Roosevelt and Churchill consider with the Combined Chiefs of Staff the new world situation in the light of the Italian surrender; comments and suggestions on future strategy.
1287
Sept. 9 Note by the Secretaries of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Referral to the Combined Chiefs of Staff, for study and report, of Churchill’s minute to Roosevelt calling for a review of the world strategic situation.
1290
Sept. 10 The Combined Chiefs of Staff to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill
Review of the decisions of the Quebec Conference in the light of the collapse of Italy.
1290

e. bases in the azores

Date Paper Page
1943 Sept. 7 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Outline of operations in the Azores contemplated by the United States.
1293

f. anti-submarine warfare

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 28 The Allied Anti-Submarine Survey Board to the Commander in Chief, United States Fleet (King)
Recommendations as to logistic organization to improve the mobility of anti-submarine squadrons.
1294
Sept. 3 The Commander in Chief, United States Fleet (King) to the Secretaries of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Transmittal of a report from the Allied Anti-Submarine Board on the use of escort carriers in offensive action against submarines.
1296
Sept. 4 The British First Lord of the Admiralty (Alexander) to Prime Minister Churchill and the British First Sea Lord (Pound)
Report on anti-submarine warfare; transmittal of a draft statement to be issued on anti-submarine warfare during August.
1300
Sept. 8 Prime Minister Churchill’s Principal Private Secretary (Martin) to the President’s Naval Aide (Brown)
Notification that Mackenzie King has no objection to the draft statement on anti-submarine warfare during August; request for United States approval of the draft.
1301
Sept. 9 Memorandum by the President’s Naval Aide (Brown)
Record of arrangements for the issuance of a press release on anti-submarine warfare during August.
1302
[Page XCIII]

g. tripartite meeting with the soviet union and establishment of a military-political commission

Date Paper Page
1943 Sept. 4 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Transmittal of a revised draft of a message from Roosevelt to Stalin on the time, place, and personnel for a meeting of representatives of the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, and possibly France, and of a draft message from Churchill to Stalin on the proposed military-political commission.
1303
Sept. 4 President Roosevelt to Marshal Stalin
Suggestions as to time, place, and personnel for a tripartite meeting; comments on Stalin’s proposal for a military-political commission on Italian questions.
1306
Sept. 8 Marshal Stalin to President Roosevelt
Comment on the urgency of establishing a military-political commission; suggestion that the tripartite meeting at a subordinate level be held at Moscow in October; suggestion that the three heads of government meet later in Iran.
1308
Sept. 9 President Roosevelt to Marshal Stalin
Suggestion that the military-political commission meet at Algiers; assent to having a subordinate-level meeting at Moscow in October; counterproposal that the heads of government meet in Egypt in November.
1309

h. cooperation with the united kingdom in research on atomic energy

Date Paper Page
1943 Sept. 9 Prime Minister Churchill’s Principal Private Secretary (Martin) to Prime Minister Churchill
Inquiry as to whether Roosevelt should be sent a file of messages (attached) between Churchill and Sir John Anderson regarding a trip by Sir Edward Appleton to the United States.
1310

i. propaganda coordination

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 31 Memorandum by the United States Chiefs of Staff
Recommendation that the Combined Chiefs of Staff approve a draft directive (attached) to all theater commanders on propaganda plans.
1313
Sept. 3 The Combined Chiefs of Staff to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill
Transmittal of a recommendation for the establishment of committees for the coordination of propaganda.
1314
Sept. 7 The Director of the Overseas Operations Branch of the Office of War Information (Sherwood) to the President
Concurrence in the proposal by the Combined Chiefs of Staff for the creation of committees for the coordination of propaganda.
1316
[Page XCIV]Sept. 7 The President to the President’s Chief of Staff (Leahy)
Unfavorable reaction to the recommendation of the Combined Chiefs of Staff.
1316
Sept. 10 The Combined Chiefs of Staff to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill Further arguments in favor of creating committees for the coordination of propaganda; request for approval for establishing such procedures, at least provisionally. 1317

j. hospital ships

Date Paper Page
1943 [Sept. 4] Paper Approved by the Combined Chiefs of Staff
Policy on the identification and operation of hospital ships.
1318

k. postwar civil aviation policy

Date Paper Page
1943 Sept. 1 Memorandum
Transmittal of briefing papers on various aspects of postwar civil aviation policy for possible discussion with Churchill.
1319

l. need for a conference on postwar employment policies

Date Paper Page
1943 Sept. 4 The Director of the Bureau of the Budget (Smith) to the President
Recommendation that Roosevelt discuss with Churchill the advisability of arranging for a technical conference on postwar employment policies.
1332

m. dependent peoples

Date Paper Page
1943 Aug. 30 The Secretary of State to the President
Transmittal of a draft United Nations declaration on dependent peoples for use in Roosevelt’s conversations with Churchill.
1333
[Page XCV]

n. publication of minutes of meetings of the council of four during the paris peace conference of 1919

Date Paper Page
1943 Sept. 7 The President to the Secretary of State
Request that Hull speak to Roosevelt about publication of the minutes of the Council of Four.
1334
Sept. 9 The Secretary of State to the President
Background information on the proposed publictaion of the minutes of the Council of Four.
1334

13. Conversations at Hyde Park

Date Paper Page
Editorial Note
Information on the conversations.
1336
1943 Sept. 13 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Transmittal of copies of Churchill’s telegrams to London concerning postwar world organization, establishment of propaganda committees, publication of the minutes of the Council of Four during the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, the return to Greece of the King of the Hellenes, and the proposed visit to the Mediterranean of Count Carlo Sforza.
1336
Sept. 13 Prime Minister Churchill to President Roosevelt
Summary of Roosevelt’s views on civil aviation policy as expressed to Churchill.
1339
Sept. 16 The President to the Secretary of Labor (Perkins)
Notification that Churchill favors calling a meeting of the International Labor Organization at Montreal.
1340
[Page [XCVI]]