Treaty Series No. 859

Treaty Between the United States of America and the Turkish Republic, Signed at Ankara, October 28, 1931 17

The United States of America and the Republic of Turkey, being desirous of prescribing, in accordance with modern international law, the conditions under which the nationals and corporations of each of the High Contracting Parties may settle and carry on business in the territory of the other Party, and with a view to regulating accordingly questions relating to jurisdiction and fiscal charges, have decided to conclude a treaty for that purpose and have appointed their plenipotentiaries:

  • The President of the United States of America:
    Joseph C. Grew, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the United States of America to the Turkish Republic; and
  • The President of the Turkish Republic:
    Zekâi Bey, Minister for National Defence

who, having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found to be in good and due form, have agreed upon the following provisions:

Article I

With reference to the conditions of establishment and sojourn which shall be applicable to the nationals and corporations of either country in the territories of the other, as well as to fiscal charges and judicial competence, the United States of America will accord to Turkey and Turkey will accord to the United States of America the same treatment in all cases as that which is accorded or shall be accorded to the most favored third country.

Nothing contained in this treaty shall be construed to affect existing statutes and regulations of either country in relation to the immigration of aliens or the right of either country to enact such statutes.

Article II

The present Treaty shall be ratified and the ratifications thereof shall be exchanged at Washington as soon as possible.

It shall take effect at the instant of the exchange of ratifications and shall remain in effect for three years. After this date it shall remain in effect until the expiration of twelve months from the date [Page 1043] on which notice of its termination shall have been given by either High Contracting Party to the other.

In witness whereof the plenipotentiaries have signed the present Treaty and have affixed their seals thereto.

Done in duplicate in the English and Turkish languages at Ankara this 28th day of October nineteen hundred and thirty one.

Joseph C. Grew


  1. In English and Turkish; Turkish text not printed. Ratification advised by the Senate, May 3 (legislative day of April 29), 1932; ratified by the President, May 12, 1932; ratified by Turkey, November 24, 1932; ratifications exchanged at Washington, February 15, 1933; proclaimed by the President, February 18, 1933.