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List of papers, in chronological order, with subjects of correspondence

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Circular 1914. Jan. 12 Admission into the United States of adopted children of Chinese of American birth. Instruction in regard to the kind of certificate required. 3
Do Jan. 31 Third International Peace Conference. Instruction to propose that the duties of the international preparatory committee be committed to the Administrative Council of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague. 4
Do Feb. 21 Status of Chinese wives or widows of American citizens. Instruction in regard to the registration of such persons. 5
Do May 15 Nineteenth International Congress of Americanists. Instruction extend invitation thereto 8
Do May 16 Admission and return of Chinese participating in the Panama-Pacific International Exposition and the Panama-California Exposition. Transmits regulations in regard thereto. 8
Do May 27 Admission and return of aliens, other than Chinese, participating in the Panama-Pacific Exposition and the Panama-California Exposition. Transmits regulations governing the same. 8
Do June 18 Immigration laws. Instruction to bring to the attention of the Government the fact that falsely testifying before an immigrant inspector is perjury under Sec. 24 of the Immigration Act, and that under Sec. 2 thereof the immigration officials are required to exclude aliens who admit the commission of a crime or misdemeanor involving moral turpitude. 9
Do June 22 Third International Peace Conference. Instruction to propose as a substitute for the proposal contained in the circular instruction of Jan. 31, 1914, that the duties of the International Preparatory Committee be committed to a committee to be selected from among the members of the Administrative Council of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague by the members of the Council; and that the date for the meeting of the Third Peace Conference by fixed for the month of June, 1916. 10
Do July 7 Second Pan American Scientific Congress. Instruction to extend an official invitation to the Government to send delegates to the Congress which will meet at Washington in October, 1915. Gives personnel of the program committee of the Congress. 11
Do July 8 Opium laws and regulations. Instruction to communicate to the Government the conditions under which opium, cocaine, etc., may be imported into the United States. States those conditions. Instruction to request the Government to advise him of its own conditions. 7, 12
Do July 13 Foreign naval rendezvous at Hampton Roads for participation in the celebration of the completion of the Panama Canal and the opening of the Panama-Pacific International Exposition. Instruction as to program. 13
Do July 16 Panama-Pacific International Exposition. Informs him of the great interest taken by this Government in the Exposition, and of rumors to the contrary which he will seek to overcome. 14
Do July 25 Regulations for the operation and navigation of the Panama Canal. Instruction in regard thereto. 15
Do July 27 Citizenship of children born of American fathers who have never resided in the United States. Instruction in regard to the registration of and issuance of passports to such persons. 15
Do July 31 Opening of the Panama Canal, instruction m regard to the date of the opening. 18
Do Aug. 3 International Dry-farming Congress. Instructs him to invite the Government to send delegates to the Congress, to be held at Wichita, Kans., October 7–17, 1914, and to explain the objects or the Congress. In connection therewith there will be held the International Soil Products Exposition, participation in which will be welcomed. 18
Do Aug. 29 Invitation to all Governments to cooperate with the United States in regard to immigration in war time. 18
Do Sept. 5 Nineteenth International Congress of Americanists. Instruction to inform the Foreign Office of the indefinite postponement thereof. 20
[Page XXII]

argentina

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Lorillard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Aug. 9 Death of President Saenz Pena and succession to the presidency of Vice President de la Plaza. Reports the death of President Saenz Pena on Aug. 9. 21
President Wilson to Vice President de la Plaza (telegram). Aug. 10 Same subject. Message of condolence 21
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Murature (telegram). do Same subject. Message of condolence 21
332 Mr. Lorillard to Mr. Bryan Aug. 14 Same subject. Reports the succession to the presidency of the Vice President doctor Victorino de la Plaza. 21
Mr. Naón to Mr. Bryan Dec. 20 Same subject. Transmits autograph letter of President de la Plaza to President Wilson. 22

austria-hungary.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
1914.May 28 Arbitration agreement between the United States and Austria-Hungary extending the duration of the convention of Jan. 15. 1909. Text. 23
Mr. Penfield to Mr. Bryan (telegram). June 28 Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and the Duchess of Hohenberg. Reports the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir apparent, to the throne of Austria-Hungary, and of his wife, the Duchess of Hohenberg, by a student, June 28, at Sarajevo. 24
The President to the Emperor (telegram). June 29 Same subject. Expression of condolence 25
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Dumba. June 30 Same subject. Expression of condolence. 25
The Emperor to the President (telegram) do Same subject. Expression of thanks for his message of June 29. 25
The Emperor to the President. Aug. 2 Same subject. Formal notification of the assassination of the Archduke. 25
The President to the Emperor. Oct. 20 Same subject. Acknowledgment of the formal notification of Aug. 2. 26

bolivia.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
66 Mr. Grevstad to Mr. Bryan. 1913. July 9 Boundary agreement between Bolivia and Paraguay. The secret protocol establishing a modus vivendi has not yet been accepted by Bolivia. Further treaty negations are probable 27
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Mooney (telegram). 1914. Nov. 20 Same subject. Bolivia fears that the protocol mentioned in the preceding paper is being violated by Paraguay, and requests the United States unofficially to represent to Paraguay the necessity of preserving peace in the disputed region, which has been entered by Paraguayan troops. Instructions as to such representations. 27
Mr. Mooney to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Nov. 28 Same subject. Reports results of interview at the Paraguayan Foreign Office in pursuance of instructions of Department’s telegram of Nov. 20. Paraguay denies having violated the protocol. 28
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Calderon. Nov. 30 Same subject. The Bolivian Minister is informed of Mr. Mooney’s report. 29
Mr. Calderon to Mr. Lansing. Dec. 1 Same subject. Express Bolivia’s thanks for the good offices of the Department, which have dispelled Bolivia’s fears as to the purposes of Paraguay. 29

brazil.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
377 Mr. Morgan to Mr. Bryan 1914. May 19 Message of President da Fonseca to the Congress Transmits copies of the message. Extracts there from. 30
[Page XXIII]

bulgaria

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
65 Mr. Vopicka to Mr. Bryan. 1914. Apr. 4 Reception of the first Minister of Bulgaria to the United States. The Bulgarian Government is considering the establishment of a legation at Washington 32
Same to same (telegram). Sept. 3 Same subject. Mr. S. Panaretoff has been chosen as the first Bulgarian Minister to the United States. 32
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Vopicka (telegram) Sept. 10 Same subject. Mr. Panaretoff is entirely acceptable to this Government. 32
128 Mr. Vopicka to Mr. Bryan. Oct. 1 Same subject. The new Minister will soon proceed to Washington. 33
Mr. Rockhill to Mr. Bryan. Dec. 1 Same subject. Offers to convey to the newly appointed. Minister any message to him from the Department on his arrival at New York. 33
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Rockhill (telegram) Dec. 3 Same subject. Requests him to express to Mr. Panaretoff the Department’s welcome. 33
Mr. Panaretoff to Mr. Bryan. Dec. 15 Same subject. Requests an audience. 34
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Panaretoff. Dec. 16 same subject. Appoints an hour on Dec. 17 for an interview at the Department. 34
Same to same Dec. 18 Same subject. Advises him of the date for his reception by the President. 34
Mr. Panaretoff to the President. Dec. 22 Same subject. Remarks by the Minister at his reception by the President. 34

chile.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
490 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Bryan. 1914. June 8 Message of the President. Transmits copies of the message of June 1, 1914, and calls attention to certain passages. 36

china.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). 1911. May 16 Huai River conservancy. Instruction to ascertain views of Chinese Government as to offer of American Red Cross to send an engineer to study the problem. 95
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram) May 25 Same subject. Red Cross offer gladly accepted by Chinese government 96
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). May 27 Same subject. The Red Cross engineer will be chosen soon. 96
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). June 12 same subject. Red Cross has engaged Charles Davis Jameson to study and report upon river conservancy. Instruction to give him every possible facility on his arrival in China. 96
482 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox 1912. Mar. 20 Political affairs. Incloses copy in translation of the Provisional Constitution of China. 38
828 Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan. 1913. Apr. 28 Huai River conservancy. Transmits Mr. Jameson’s conservancy report. 96
1048 Same to same Oct. 11 Political affairs. Incloses translation of the Presidential population law. 41
7 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Reinsch. Dec 2 Loan Negotiations. Replies to Legation’s No. 1067 of Oct. 21, 1913, on the subject of a loan by American capitalists to China; approves action by Legation. The Department assumes that the Currency Loan has been merged with the Reorganization Loan. Requests information. 61
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Dec. 19 Huai River conservancy. Chinese Government, being obliged to seek abroad for funds for Huai River project, invites American capital. Mr. Jameson will proceed to the United States with engineering plans to assist in loan negotiations if Red Cross will continue endeavor to interest American financiers. 98
57 Same to same 1914. Jan. 2 Claims. Incloses a dispatch from Consul Greene, Hankow, discussing various aspects of the claims presented by several nations against China for losses to their nationals consequent upon the Revolution of 1911–12; and Mr. Reinsch’s reply thereto. 81
[Page XXIV] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). 1914. Jan. 13 Boxer Indemnity. Instruction to inquire of Foreign Office as to method of repayment to China of balance of indemnity payments to China’s credit in the Treasury. 69
73 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Bryan Jan. 15 Claims. Review of the character, functions, and procedure of the several bodies dealing with claims during the past two years. 86
Mr. Moore to Mr. Yung Kwai. Jan. 16 Boxer Indemnity. Incloses Treasury letter and Treasury statement relating to payments by China on account of the 1913 quota of the indemnity. The Department has inquired of the Chinese Government as to its preference as to method of repayment to China of balance to its credit in the U. S. Treasury. 69
75 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Bryan. Jan. 16 Political affairs. Reports the suspension of the National Assembly and other political news. Incloses copy of Dr. Goodnow’s draft of a constitution for China. 42
Chinese Legation to Department of State. Jan. 20 Boxer Indemnity. The Foreign Office cabled Chinese Legation to receive indemnity balance in the same manner as it did last August. 73
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Jan. 20 Same subject. Quotes foregoing. Department will accordingly remit check for balance to Chinese Legation tomorrow. Advise Foreign Office. 74
Mr. Moore to Mr. McAdoo. Jan. 22 Same subject. Requests that Treasury remit by check, through Department of State, to the Chinese Charge” d’Affaires, the $543,007.63 refundable to China. 74
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Jan. 23 Huai River conservancy. Requests instruction as to accepting preliminary agreement giving the Red Cross exclusive right to undertake conservancy work. 98
89 Same to same. Jan. 26 Currency reform. Transmits copy of new Chinese Currency law. China is still anxious to secure money from the United States to support currency reform. Requests instructions. 64
Mr. Moore to the President do Huai River conservancy. Reviews the history of the conservancy negotiations. Informs the Department that Red Cross desires the support of this Government in behalf of the American contractor selected (White & Co.), and is considering employment of an engineer from Panama canal corps 99
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Jan. 27 Same subject. Reply to his Jan. 23. The Red Cross will accept the exclusive authority over conservancy work and has secured J. G. White & Co. as contractors and to assist in negotiating the necessary loan; stipulations as to engineer in chief; other recommendations. 101
Same to same (telegram). Jan. 28 Same subject. Supplementing the telegram of Jan. 27; gives preamble of the agreement. 10
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Jan 30 Same subject. Reports signing of agreement with Red Cross. 102
Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan do Boxer indemnity. Refers to Department’s Jan. 22 and incloses check as requested. 74
18 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Bryan. Feb. 3 Huai River conservancy. Transmits copies of the agreement-memorandum signed Jan. 30, 1914. 102
Mr. Moore to the President Feb. 4 Same subject. The Chinese Government has given the Red Cross formal authority to secure an American contractor and perform the engineering work. Requests that Red Cross be informed as to what this Government will do in support of the enterprise. 104
38 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Reinsch. do Claims. Acknowledges his No. 57 of Jan. 2; authorizes him to endeavor to induce the Diplomatic Body to consent to such limitation of claims as will prevent injustice to China; refers him to instruction of Dec. 20, 1913. 89
The President to Mr. Moore Feb. 6 Huai River conservancy. The Government will give assurance of its good offices and diplomatic support. 105
105 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Bryan. do Loan negotiations. Replies to Department’s No. 7 of Dec. 2, 1913. Currency-reform Loan was not merged in the Reorganization Loan issued last April by quintuple group, which is now negotiating with China for a supplementary reorganization loan which will include a sum for currency reform. The Chinese Government would welcome resumption of currency-loan negotiations with the United States. 62
[Page XXV]113 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Bryan. 1914. Feb. 12 Currency reform. Refers to his No. 89 and incloses copy of amended currency law. 65
149 Same to same Mar. 10 Taxation of foreigners. Submits the question of the relation of the new Chinese stamp law to the rights of this Government under the treaty of 1903. 119
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Mar. 16 Boxer indemnity. Instructs him to inquire whether this Government is to pay the remitted portion of the January 1914 quota to the Chinese legation 75
159 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Bryan. Mar. 18 Claims. Reports stoppage of the negotiations due French insistence on payment of claims for indirect losses, which question China desires to submit to arbitration. Inquires whether this Government will support China’s desire. 90
166 Same to same Mar. 24 Mining regulations. Incloses Chinese Mining Regulations of Mar. 11, 1914, and points out objections to certain of their features, with recommendation of explicit reservation, upon accepting the regulations, of extraterritorial rights. 133
165 Same to same do Claims. Great Britain, Germany, and perhaps other powers may refuse to present claims for indirect damages. Requests instruction as to whether he shall join these. 90
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 30 Boxer indemnity. The Chinese Government desires the payment to be made to its Legation. Mr. Reinsch has impressed on the Foreign Office the desirability of the Chinese Legation’s retaining the remitted sum for the support of the indemnity students in the United States. 75
Mr. Williams to Mr. Lansing. Apr. 1 Huai River conservancy, The Bankers upon whom the contractors depend for funds require certain assurances as to security; this requires a new survey, the expense of which is now being considered. The Red Cross will ask Congress to authorize the detail of an American Army engineer to make the survey. 106
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Yung Kwai. Apr. 11 Boxer indemnity. Incloses check for $15,147.97 in payment of remitted portion of January, 1914, indemnity. 75
80 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Reinsch. Apr. 23 Claims. Acknowledges his No. 159 of Mar. 18 and No. 165 of Mar. 24; instructs him to refuse to present claims of the kind mentioned in case either Great Britain or Germany is willing to do the same. 91
87 Same to same May. 1 Mining regulations. Reply to his No. 166 of Mar. 24, giving this Government’s views of certain objectionable features of the regulations, with instruction to transmit such views to the Foreign Office. 134
90 Same to same. May 4 Taxation of foreigners. Reply to his Mar. 10. This Government is disposed to consent in principle to the imposition of the stamp tax provided other foreign governments assent thereto. Instruction to so state to the Chinese Government, but to endeavor to secure advisable revision of the regulations and to make certain stipulations. 122
211 Same to same. May 5 Political affairs. Incloses a memorandum on the Revised Provisional Constitution, with a synopsis thereof. 51
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Bryan (telegram). May 8 Huai River conservancy. Foreign Office favors assumption by China of cost of the survey; speedy sending of engineering board desired. 107
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). May 9 Same subject. The Red Cross will immediately organize and send to China the engineering board to make the supplemental survey, and will try to float the conservancy loan. 107
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Bryan (telegram). May 12 Same subject. The Chinese Government will guarantee payment of cost of supplemental survey up to $100,000 if the funds are advanced by the Red Cross and the White Co.; subject to approval by the Minister of Agriculture and Commerce, Chang Chien. 107
5 Mr. Shah to Mr. Bryan do Taxation of foreigners. Requests the views of this Government on the stamp tax law and its assistance in obtaining compliance therewith of its nationals and of other governments 123
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). May 13 Huai River conservancy. The White Co. and the Red Cross will share in making the $100,000 advance, on certain conditions. Instruction to obtain acceptance of the conditions. 108
15 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Shah. May 15 Taxation of foreigners. Replies to his May 12 and informs him of the substance of the Department’s May 4 to Mr. Reinsch. 124
[Page XXVI] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). 1914. May 18 Huai River conservancy. Instruction to inform the Chinese Government of the Red Cross terms as to advance and its relation to the proposed loan. Informs him of early departure of the engineering board, with Col. Sibert as its Chairman. 108
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Bryan (telegram). May 18 Same subject. The Chinese Government will assume responsibility for survey up to $50,000. Requests instructions. 109
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). May 19 Same subject. Instruction to suggest that Chinese Minister at Washington be empowered to act in regard to conservancy negotiations. Congress has authorized employment of an American Army engineer. Red Cross intends to make Col. Sibert chairman of the board of engineers. 109
6 Mr. Shah to Mr. Bryan May 23 Same subject. The Chinese Government desires that the engineering board come to China as soon as possible. 109
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Transmits the expression of the Chinese Government’s thanks for the good offices of the States in the conservency matter. 110
248 Same to Same June 1 Mining regulations. Refers to Department’s No. 87 of May 1 and incloses note of the Diplomatic Body to the Foreign Office embodying the Department’s instructions. 135
255 Same to Same June 5 Political affairs. Refers to his No. 211 of May 5 and transmits memorandum on development of government organization; incloses translation of the Constitutional Compact (Revised Provisional Constitution). 54
266 Same to Same June 13 Claims. In pursuance of Department’s instruction No. 80 of Apr. 23 and in company with the British and German Legations, he has orally informed the Foreign Office that this Government considers that China is not liable for indirect losses and did not assume that liability. 92
281 Same to same June 24 Political affairs. Refers to his No. 255 of June 5 and incloses memorandum on government development. 60
299 Mr. MacMurray to Mr. Bryan. July 8 Claims. Incloses Consul Williams’s report on the status of American claims. 92
Same to same (telegram). July 18 Loan negotiations. Loan negotiations with the quintuple group have reached deadlock; reasons given. 63
Same to same (telegram). July 20 Taxation of foreigners. The Chinese Government seems to be countenancing violations of treaty stipulations regarding exemption from internal taxes. Suggests instruction to advise the Foreign Office that this Government can not forego its treaty rights. 124
Mr. Bryan to Mr. MacMurray (telegram). July 21 Same subject. Approves suggestion. 125
314 Mr. MacMurray to Mr. Bryan. July 23 Mining regulations. Refers to Department’s No. 87 of May 1 and Legation’s No. 248 of June 1;incloses reply of the Foreign Office to the note of the Diplomatic Body; incloses also the Legation’s note to the Foreign Office in pursuance of Department’s instructions May 1. 136
Same to same (telegram) Aug. 8 Moratorium. The Chinese Government is unable at present to meet its obligations. Reasons given. Suggestion that this Government recognize the necessity and accept it subject to reservation of American rights involved. 67
6 Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan. do Taxation of foreigners. Incloses his No. 5 of Aug. 7 to the Legation at Peking respecting the collection of internal taxes in relation to treaty rights and open ports. 125
Mr. Bryan to Mr. MacMurray (telegram). Aug. 10 Moratorium. This Government recognizes the difficulty in which China is placed and, while reserving all its rights, suggests that China declare a moratorium. 67
Same to same Aug. 11 Claims. Acknowledges receipt of his No. 299 of July 8; commends Mr. Williams for his excellent work as claims delegate. 94
10 Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan. Aug. 13 Taxation of foreigners. Incloses his No. 6 of Aug. 11 to the Legation regarding a consumption tax on liquor and tobacco in relation to treaty rights at a treaty part. 127
338 Mr. MacMurray to Mr. Bryan. Aug. 17 Moratorium. Incloses Foreign Office notes 202 and 203 in regard to proclamation of a moratorium on certain of China’s debts; and Legation’s reply in pursuance of Department’s Aug. 10.
[Page XXVII] Mr. MacMurray to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Aug. IS ) Boxer Indemnity. The Foreign Office asks consent to China’s awaiting conclusion of the war to make up deficiency in Boxer Indemnity payments. 76
Mr. Bryan to Mr. MacMurray (telegram). Aug. 20 Same subject. If the majority of the powers interested in indemnity payments agree to wait until the end of the war, it is extremely unlikely that this Government will demand immediate payment. 76
352 Mr. MacMurray to Mr. Bryan. Sept. 3 1 Same subject. Refers fro Legation’s dispatch No. 338 of Aug. 17: transmits Foreign Office notes of Aug. 18 and 21 and Legation’s reply of Aug. 22, in pursuance of Department’s instruction of Aug. 20. Foreign Office states that maintenance of the Tsing Hua College and support of indemnity students in the U. S. would be allowed to suffer from China’s financial difficulties. Inquiries as to the method to be followed in refunding a portion of the indemnity in case of a shortage in the indemnity payments. 76
364 Same to same. Sept. 11 Mining regulations. Incloses note from the Foreign Office in reply to his note, inclosed with his No. 314 of July 23. Suggests that no further rejoinder need be made at present. 138
367 Same to same Sept. 12 Claims. Incloses copies of correspondence regarding payment by China of interest on allowed claims. 94
366 Same to same do Taxation of foreigners. Refers to Mr. Williams’s No. 6 to the Legation and incloses Mr. Williams’s note to the Chinese authorities at Wuhu, and his own note to the Foreign Office. Requests instructions. 128
7 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Williams. Sept. 23 Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of his No. 6 of Aug. 8; instructs him as to the character of an open port and as to the internal taxes allowable in view of treaty provisions. 129
386 Mr. MacMurray to Mr. Bryan. Sept. 29 Huai River conservancy. Reports on the survey work. The board of engineers is preparing its report to the Red Cross. 110
161 Mr. Bryan to Mr. MacMurray. Sept. 30 Taxation of foreigners. Incloses copy of instruction No. 7 of Sept. 23 to Mr. Williams; refers to the Legation’s telegram of July 20; instructs him to agree to an internal tax on liquor and tobacco in return for China’s yielding on the question of Nanking being an open port. 130
182 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch. Oct. 23 Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of the Legation’s No. 366 of Sept. 12 and inclosures, which are approved. Refers to Department’s No. 161 of Sept. 30. 131
179 Same to same. do Mining regulations. Approves Legation’s No. 364 of Sept. 11. 139
424 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Bryan. Oct. 28 Huai River conservancy. Incloses letter to the Legation from the Chinese Government requesting an advance on the conservancy loan account; and his reply thereto. Requests that this correspondence be forwarded to the Red Cross. 111
189 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch Oct. 31 Boxer Indemnity. Acknowledges his No. 352. As the Department holds to the credit of the Chinese Government a balance of $1,175,835.64 of the $2,000,000 claims fund, and as the Chinese Government has decided to use this sum in support of Tsing Hua College and the Chinese Government students, this would seem to remove all cause for anxiety in this connection. 78
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Nov. 2 Huai River conservancy. Transmits request of Chinese Government that conservancy loan be consummated immediately and advance be made so that relief work may begin. 113
Mr. Lansing to the Red Cross. do Same subject. Transmits the foregoing to the Red Cross. 113
Mr. Shah to Mr. Lansing Nov. 10 Boxer Indemnity. Expresses the gratitude of China for the contemplated action of this Government in returning to China the unused portion of the indemnity payments for the maintenance of the student movement between China and the United States. The provisions thus made are amply sufficient the next two years 79
Mr. Bryan to Mr. McAdoo. Nov. 10 Same subject. Requests that check be drawn in favor of the Minister of China for $200,000 on account of the unexpended balance of the $2,000,000 fund. 79
197 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Reinsch. Nov. 13 Huai River conservancy. In reply to his Nov. 2. incloses Red Cross correspondence for communication to the Chinese Government. 114
[Page XXVIII]24 Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan 1914. Nov. 23 Taxation of foreigners. Refers to Department s No. 7 of Sept. 23 and incloses copy of his report No. 26 of Nov. 21 to the Legation respecting the status of Nanking as a treaty port. 131
Mr Yung Kwa to Mr. Bryan Nov. 30 Boxer Indemnity. Informs him of receipt from the Treasurer of the United States of check for $200,000, part payment of the balance of the Chinese Indemnity of 1900, returnable to the Chinese Government. 80
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Reinsch. Dec. 11 Huai River conservancy. Acknowledges receipt of his No. 424 of Oct. 28 and refers to Department’s No. 197 of Nov. 13. 116
Mr. Bryan to the Red Cross. do Same subject. Transmits Mr. Reinsch’s No. 424 to Red Cross. 116
471 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Bryan. Dec. 17 Political affairs. Reports the draft of a law for the organization of the National Assembly. 61
Mr. Davis to Mr. Bryan Dec. 19 Huai River conservancy. Acknowledges receipt of Department’s Dec. 11. Explains that, on account of the war in Europe, it is impossible to obtain funds for the conservancy project. Requests that the Chinese Government be so informed. 116
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Dec. 22 Same subject. Transmits substance of Red Cross letter of Dec. 19. Asks whether China wishes Red Cross to continue working out the matter when war conditions permit. 117
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Davis Dec. 23 Same subject. Acknowledges the letter of Dec. 19 and incloses paraphrase of Department’s instruction of Dec. 22 to Mr. Reinsch. 119

colombia.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Harrison to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Jan. 9 . Treaty between the United States and Colombia for the settlement of their differences arising out of events which took place on the Isthmus of Panama in November, 1903. Explains the delay of the Foreign Office in replying to Department’s Dec. 19, 6 p.m. 146
Same to same (telegram). Jan. 17 Same subject. Summarizes counterproposal received from the Foreign Office. Inquiries relating to the amount of indemnity and Colombia-Panama boundary. 146
Same to same (telegram) Feb. 5 Same subject. Summarizes counterproposal received from the Foreign Office. 147
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Harrison (telegram). Feb. 28 Same subject. Answer to Colombia’s counterproposal summarized in Mr. Thomson’s Feb. 5. 148
Mr. Thomson to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 7 Same subject. Summarizes Colombia’s reply to Department’s Feb. 28. 149
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Thomson (telegram). Mar. 10 Same subject. Inquires meaning of provision affecting Panama contained in his Mar. 7. 150
Mr. Thomson to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 11 Same subject. Reply to Department’s Mar. 10. 150
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Thomson (telegram). Mar. 13 Same subject. Reply to his Mar.7. 151
Mr. Thomson to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 24 Same subject. Summarizes the Colombian counter-memorandum to his memorandum based on Department’s Mar. 13. 152
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Thompson (telegram). Mar. 27 same subject, instruction to accept 2d paragraph of the counter-memorandum with certain amendments. 153
Mr. Thomson to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 31 Same subject. Colombia agrees to settle for $25,000,000 and submits proposal for text of provision relating to relations with Panama. 153
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Thomson (telegram). Apr. 2 Same subject. Reply to his Mar. 31, and accepts the submitted proposal. 154
Mr. Thomson to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Apr. 6 Same subject. The treaty has been concluded. Gives names of the plenipotentiaries. The text of the treaty will be published officially about the 15th. 154
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Thomson (telegram). Apr. 8 Same subject. Congratulations. Instruction to express his satisfaction to the Foreign Office. 155
Mr. Betancourt to Mr. Bryan. Apr. 9 Same subject. Congratulations, with reservations. 155
59 Mr. Thomson to Mr. Bryan. Apr. 15 Same subject. Incloses (1) translation of Colombian memorandum of Mar. 7 in reply to the counter-proposition of Department’s Feb. 28; (2) his memorandum of Mar. 16 in reply to the above; (3) translation of Colombian counter memorandum of Mar. 21 in reply to his Mar. 16; and (4) text of the treaty as signed on Apr. 6. Remarks on the signing. 155
[Page XXIX] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Betancourt. 1914. Apr. 18 Same subject. Reply to his Apr. 9 161
Mr. Thomson to Mr. Bryan (telegram). June 8 Same subject. The treaty has been approved without amendment by the Colombian Congress. When will it be submitted to the Senate? 162
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Thomson (telegram). June 10 Same subject. Congratulations. Hopes to submit treaty next week. 162
The President to the Senate. June 16 Same subject. Message transmitting the treaty of Apr. 6, 1914, for the Senate’s action. 162
Mr. Thomson to Mr. Bryan (telegram). June 17 Same subject. Colombian authorities hope the indemnity will be used for public works. 164
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Proceedings to test the constitutionality of the law approving the treaty have been instituted in the Supreme Court. 165
77 Same to same June 19 Same subject. Incloses Foreign Office note on the subject of next above, and his reply. 165
26 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Thomson. June 24 Same subject. Refers to his first telegram of June 17. Requests to be kept advised on this point. 166
Mr. Thomson to Mr. Bryan (telegram). July 7 Same subject. The Supreme Court has decided that it is without jurisdiction in the matter of the constitutionality of the law approving the treaty. 166
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Betancourt. July 19 Same subject. Points out possible objections to paragraph 5 of article II of the treaty. Suggests that the Colombian Government agree, by means of a note from its Minister, to interpret the paragraph as herein outlined. 167
24 Mr. Betancourt to Mr. Bryan. July 22 Same subject. Reply to Department’s July 19, making the statement therein suggested. 167
95 Mr. Thomson to Mr. Bryan. Aug. 15 Message of the President. Transmits translation. 140
98 Same to same. Aug. 22 Report of Minister for Foreign Affairs. Transmits translation. 142
Mr. Thomson to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Aug. 29 Treaty for the settlement of differences. Informs the Department of the financial stringency in Colombia and its bearing on the ratification of the treaty; suggests payment of the indemnity in installments as a desirable amendment to the treaty. The Colombian Congress will adjourn Oct. 20 and will not convene till July, 1915. Action by the Senate at the present session is therefore desirable. 168
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Thomson (telegram). Sept. 5 Same subject. There is nothing new to report as to the progress of the treaty through the Senate; the chances are against its ratification at the present session. 168
Same to same (telegram). Sept. 24 Same subject. Informs him that he has told the Colombian Minister that he is convinced that it will be impossible to secure a report on the treaty at this session of Congress; reasons therefor. 169

costa rica.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
17 Mr. Hale to Mr. Bryan 1914. May 2 Message of the President. Incloses copies of the message read by President Jimenez to the Congress on May 1. 170
Same to same (telegram) Aug. 25 Representation of Chinese interests. Chinese at Punta Arenas request protection of American flag, there being no Chinese consul in Costa Rica. Requests instructions. 174
19 Mr. Shah to Mr. Bryan. Sept. 1 Same subject. As China has no diplomatic or consular representatives in Costa Rica, the good offices of this government are desired in case of need 175
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hale (telegram). Sept. 2 Same subject. Reply to his telegram of Aug. 25. Instruction to inquire of the Costa Rican Government whether it will be agreeable to permit this Government to exercise its good offices in behalf of Chinese in Costa Rica in case of need, and if so to use his good offices for such Chinese. 175
Sept. 4 Same subject. Reply to his Sept. 1. The American Minister at San Jose has been instructed as desired. 175
21 Mr Shah to Mr Bryan Sept 10 Same subject. Expresses thanks for his Sept 4 176
34 Mr. Hale to Mr. Bryan. Sept. 12 Same subject. Incloses his note of Sept. 3 to the Foreign Office in pursuance of Department’s Sept. 2; and the reply of the Foreign Office of Sept. 9, declining to grant the request. 176
[Page XXX]22 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hale 1914. Sept. 30 Same subject. Refers to Legation’s No. 34 of Sept. 12, which suggests that Department’s instruction of Sept. 2 may not have been explicit enough. Instructs him to make fresh representations to the Foreign Office explaining that this Government had no intention of interfering in Costa Rica’s internal affairs and desired only to comply with a request made by China similar to others heretofore granted by other Central American governments. 177
45 Mr. Hale to Mr. Bryan Nov. 5 Same subject. Incloses his note of Oct. 22 to the Foreign Office in pursuance of Department’s No. 22 of Sept. 30; and the Foreign Office’s reply granting the request of the United States to represent Chinese interests in case of need in behalf of Chinese lawfully resident in Costa Rica. 178
Nov. 13 Arbitration agreement between the United States and Costa Rica extending the duration of the Convention of Jan. 13, 1909; signed at Washington Mar. 16 1914–. Proclamation. 173
Do Treaty for the advancement of general peace, signed at Washington, Feb. 13, 1914. Proclamation. 171
47 Mr. Hale to Mr. Bryan. Nov. 30 Protest against presence in Costa Rica of Nicaraguan revolutionists. Reports Julian Irias et al. in conference. 180
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hale (telegram). Dec. 4 Same subject. Instruction to investigate the possibility of Gen. Luis Mena receiving aid from Costa Rican Government; Mena is said to be engaged in revolutionary propaganda. 180
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). do Same subject. Instruction to request Cuban Government to furnish all obtainable information about Mena. 180
Mr. Hale to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Dec. 7 Same subject. Reply to Department’s Dec. 4. There is no reason to believe Costa Rican Government to be aiding Mena. No further information as to purpose of Irias et al. in Costa Rica. 181
Same to same (telegram). Dec. 11 Same subject. It is reported that Irias and colleagues have tied the hands of Mena and declared against revolution. 181
41 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Shah Dec. 15 Representation of Chinese interests. Communicates to the Chinese Minister the assent of Costa Rica to the exercise by this Government of its good offices in behalf of Chinese lawfully resident in Costa Rina. 179
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hale (telegram). Dec. 18 Protest against presence in Costa Rica of Nicaraguan revolutionists. Instruction to approach the President of Costa Rica and formally and with emphasis request that, to preserve peace in Central America, the Government of Costa Rica request the departure from that country of Irias, Mena, Chavez, and Zelaya. 181
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Dec. 19 Same subject. Reply to Department’s Dec. 4. Nothing suspicious observed during Mena’s presence in Cuba. 182
40 Mr. Shah to Mr. Bryan Dec. 21 Representation of Chinese interests. Expresses his thanks for the action taken by this Government in behalf of Chinese in Costa Rica. 179
Mr. Hale to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Dec. 24 Protest against presence in Costa Rica of Nicaraguan revolutionists. Instruction of Dec. 18 executed; summary of response of the President through Foreign Office, declining to accede to the “demand” made in the Minister’s note. 182
51 Same to same Dec. 25 Same subject. Incloses copies of his note and reply of foreign office outlined in his Dec. 24. 183
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hale (telegram). Dec. 29 Same subject. Answering his Dec. 24. Our representations were not in the form of a demand, but merely informative and transmitted in a friendly spirit in the interest of peace in Central America. Having done this much our responsibility ends. 184
52 Mr. Hale to Mr. Bryan Dec. 31 Same subject. Reply to Department’s Dec. 29. Incloses note to Foreign Office in compliance therewith. 184

cuba.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Jan. 7 Guantanamo Naval Station. The Cuban Senate being now ready to ratify the treaty for the enlargement of the naval station, which, however, has expired, instruction? as to the Department’s desires are requested. 186
[Page XXXI] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Daniels. 1914. Jan. 19 Same subject. Informs him of the substance of Mr. Gonzales’s telegram of Jan. 7 and inquires what suggestions the Navy Department has to make. 186
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Jan. 22 Same subject. Replies to his Jan. 7 and informs him that the Navy Department has under consideration a complete change of plans in regard to the enlargement of the naval station, of which he will be informed in due time. 187
116 Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Bryan. June 16 Pardon of Maza. Requests authority to ask President Menocal to pardon Maza, who is serving a sentence in jail for assault on the Secretary of the American Legation, Mr. Gibson, in 1912. 189
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). June 23 Same subject. Refers to his June 16 and instructs him to say to the Cuban Government that this Government would feel no pleasure in Maza’s further confinement. 190
123 Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Bryan. July 11 Same subject. Incloses his letter to the President of Cuba in pursuance of Department’s instruction of June 23. 190
98 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Gonzales. July 28 Same subject. Approves his July 11 192
Mr. Scholle to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Oct. 1 Amnesty bill. The House has passed the bill providing for amnesty for all accused of murder or assault who are veterans of the war for independence; this would result in freeing the murderers of Chief of Police Rivas. 187
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Scholle (telegram). Oct. 3 Same subject. Replying to his Oct. 1, instructs him to say to the President that this Government would regard it as unfortunate if the act should become law. 187
Mr. Scholle to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Oct. 4 Same subject. In pursuance of the instructions of Oct. 3, he has seen the President, who assured him he would veto the bill. 188
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Scholle. Oct. 9 Same subject. Refers to his Oct. 4; the Department is pleased with the President’s attitude. 188
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Nov, 27 Amnesty bill. Reports a movement to secure the pardon of Asbert, one of those implicated in the murder of the Chief of Police, Rivas. 188
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Dec. 4 Same subject. Reply to his Nov. 27. The Department is not especially interested in the matter. 189
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Dec. 27 Same subject. The President has vetoed amnesty bill for Asbert. There are threats of revolution by Asbertistas if Congress fails next month to pass the Amnesty Bill over the President’s veto. 189

Dominican republic.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). 1913. Dec. 31 Political and financial affairs. Instructions to forward financial statement for use of the Department in its study of Dominican needs; comments on the financial situation. 193
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan 1914. Jan. 5 Same subject. Reply to the above. 194
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 7 Same subject. Urges that the Department order $20,000 advance of Dominican funds to the Minister of Finance to relieve the critical situation 194
Mr. Moore to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). do Same subject. Notice of compliance with above request. 195
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Jan. 9 Same subject. Dominican Government has complied with the Department’s demands in regard to political prisoners; the only imperative question is that of the financial relief; comments thereon. 195
Mr. Moore to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). Jan. 10 Same subject, inquires concerning various phases of the financial situation. 195
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Jan. 11 Same subject. Requests instructions in regard to proposed loan; situation critical. 195
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 12 Same subject. Reply to his Jan. 10. Adds that it is opportune to demand increased powers for the receivership in the collection of customs 196
43 Same to same do Same subject. Incloses note from Foreign Office pledging abandonment of practice of imprisonment without due process of law. Will urge the coming constitutional convention to incorporate in the organic law the right of habeas corpus. 196
46 Same to same do Same subject. Incloses Foreign Office note pledging the Government to place control of Dominican expenditures under supervision of the American Legation; under this plan there will be need of a commercial attache. 197
[Page XXXII] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). 1914. Jan. 12 Same subject. Refers to his Jan. 9 and Jan. 11. A second advance of $20,000 has been ordered, which should render a loan unnecessary and cover the Dominican needs up to Jan. 15. Instructs to obtain a list of small loans already made and to discourage further loans on disadvantageous terms. 197
Same to same (telegram). Jan. 18 Same subject. Reply to his Jan. 11; specifies reforms advisable in the new constitution. 198
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Jan. 22 Same subject. Reply to Department’s Jan. 12; there are no short-time loans. Reply to Department’s Jan. 18; reforms suggested will be made. Constitutional convention is under way. The situation of the Government is desperate owing to financial crisis. Inquires whether it may release Dominican share of customs receipts for application to current needs. 198
Same to same (telegram). Jan. 26 Same subject. Important convention of leaders to choose presidential candidates about to be held. A representative of the Legation should be present. Requests instructions. 199
Mr. Moore to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). do Same subject. In order to avoid the collapse of the present administration, the Department suggests a plan involving (1) negotiating certain bonds so as to produce $1,200,000 with which to pay claims and salaries; (2) increasing certain taxes so as to release said bonds within five years (methods suggested); and (3) employing a financial expert (American) to assist in reforming finances so as to fulfill the convention of 1907. Instruction to present this plan to the Government. 199
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). Jan. 27 Same subject. Refers to Department’s Jan. 18; suggests further reforms to be incorporated in the constitution and invites suggestions. 201
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Replies to his No. 46 of Jan. 12 and awaits request of the Minister for Foreign Affairs as to appointment of American commercial attache” in that connection. Instructs to change the $1,200,000 in telegram of Jan. 26 to $1,342,38–5. 201
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Jan. 28 Same subject. Refers to Department’s Jan. 26 and reports certain modifications of the plan therein, suggested by the Government. Asks what immediate relief the Department can suggest. The Government wishes to increase amount of loan to $1,650,000. 201
Same to same (telegram). Jan. 29 Same subject. Reply to Department’s Jan. 27. Suggests that the amount be left indefinite until satisfactorily ascertained. The Government desires appointment of commercial at cache” as suggested by the Department. 202
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram), do Same subject. Reply to his Jan. 26; consents to his suggestion. 202
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to Department’s Jan. 27; on receipt of request from the Foreign Office the Department will send commercial attach. Acknowledges receipt of his Jan. 28. 202
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. The Legation has induced the Government to release all political prisoners, including Velasquez, who is a candidate for the presidency. 203
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). Jan. 30 Same subject. Refers to his Jan. 28; relief will be given to the extent of $5,000 a day under certain conditions. Refers to his Jan. 29 and makes stipulations as to the commercial attache. 203
Same to same (telegram). Jan. 31 Same subject. The Department is gratified by the news as to political prisoners contained in his Jan. 29. 203
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Feb. 1 Same subject. Reply to Department’s Jan. 30. $5,000 will be sufficient. Requests further instruction as to commercial attaché. 204
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Critical political situation has developed into an attempt to impeach and oust President Bordas. 204
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 3 Same subject. Attempt to impeach Bordas defeated in the Senate. 204
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). do Same subject. Reply to his Feb. 1; Department desires commercial attache to be in effect a financial expert and virtual comptroller but gives him title of attaché in deference to Dominican susceptibilities; instruction to specify attache’s powers desired. The $5,000 daily can probably be supplied. 204
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Feb. 5 Same subject. Discusses powers to be given commercial attach, in reply to Department’s Feb. 3. 205
[Page XXXIII] Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Feb. 5 Same subject. Reports in detail on the political situation, which is complicated with the financial difficulties; he succeeded in preventing impeachment of Bordas. Desires one war vessel sent, to remain till after the election. 205
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). Feb. 12 Same subject. Reply to his Feb. 5, as to war vessel, which will be sent to Cape Haitien for some weeks and may be ordered to Puerto Plata if necessary. 206
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Owing to the critical political situation, he urges encouragement of the Government to proclaim Arias an outlaw, and support of the Government in its financial plans. Suggests his personal report at the Department in order to assist in deciding on a course of action. 206
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to his first Feb. 5; suggests draft of note which the Foreign Office might send to the Dominican Legation relative to financial expert as commercial attaché 207
31 Same to same Feb. 13 Same subject. Incloses three forms to be executed by the Minister of Finance, with explanations. 208
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Feb. 18 Same subject. The Minister for Foreign Affairs, Grullon, intends to resign at once, on account of the serious financial situation; requests instruction as to negotiation of a short loan to ease the situation. 208
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Dangerous situation results from stoppage of $5,000 daily advance by General Receiver. Banco Nacional will advance for a time with Department’s cooperation. Requests instructions. 209
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). Feb. 19 Same subject. Reply to his Feb. 12, with instructions. 209
Same to same (telegram). do. Same subject. Reply to his Feb. 18; Insular Bureau will call Vick’s attention to previous orders to grant the $5,000 daily, which will probably insure this advance temporarily. 209
Same to same (telegram). Do Same subject. Reply to his Feb. 18. Insular Bureau will request Vick to advance $35,000 to be deducted from Dominican portion of customs. 209
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Feb. 21 Same subject. Reply to Department’s Fob. 19. President Bordas can not undertake to suppress Arias without the material assistance of the United States in the inevitable armed conflict, and asks for an immediate decision. 210
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). Feb. 24 Same subject. His Feb. 21 will be laid before the President; instruction to send further information as to the Government’s plans and the assistance necessary. 211
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Feb. 25 Same subject. Reply to Department’s Feb. 24. President Bordas requests permission to pay back salaries and negotiate a loan, which will enable him to suppress Arias. 211
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). Feb. 27 Same subject. Reply to his Feb. 25; instruction to present in person to all factional leaders a statement (text given) of this Government’s attitude; suggests local loans to meet the present situation, to be repaid from negotiation of bonds, up to $500,000; the Department is disposed to authorize increase of the Dominican debt. Suggests that he personally interview Arias and impress him with the necessity for a peaceful arrangement. 212
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 1 Same subject. Refers to Department’s Feb. 27. Retracts instruction to interview Arias in person. If the Commission sent by Bordas to Arias (which will be conveyed by the Petrel) is not successful, have commander of Petrel notify Arias to confer with you in the capital; if he refuses, have him understand that appropriate action will be taken by the United States. Arrange for safe conduct for Arias. 213
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 2 Same subject. Reply to Department’s Feb. 27. Department’s proposition too tentative and uncertain to give Bordas the necessary support; requests more specific assurances. 213
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Daniels. do Same subject. Requests order to war vessel to convey President Bordas’s commission to and from the conference with Arias, and safe conduct for Arias if he wishes transportation to Santo Domingo. 214
[Page XXXIV] Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Mar. 4 Same subject. Arias sends ultimatum which probably means war; banks will not lend on Department’s proposition; without funds chaos will reign; recommends instant substantial support of the Government, which asks for immediate sale of half million bonds. 214
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. The Petrel is about to sail, with Bordas and Lovaton. The Government can handle the situation if the Department will give it the means. 214
Same to same (telegram) Mar. 5 Same subject. Suggests loan against the alcohol and tobacco taxes as a means of relieving the financial stress. 215
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). do Same subject. Replies to his Mar. 2 and Mar. 4; instruction to inform President Bordas of certain views (given in detail) which the Department wishes him to point out to Arias. Department is advising with bankers in regard to financial terms to produce $1,600,000 to be expended under supervision of the commercial attache. 215
Mr. Sullivan to Air. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 7 Same subject. Unless immediate financial relief is given, the hold of the United States on the situation will be lost. 216
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). Mar. 9 Same subject. Reply to his Mar. 7. Department will try to arrange immediate advance if he is sure $500,000 on back salaries will enable the Government to continue and enact the reforms suggested. 216
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 10 Same subject. The $500,000 would certainly enable the Government to live and to enact the reforms suggested by the Department. Requests early appointment of the commercial attaché. 216
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). Mar. 14 Same subject. Reply to his Mar. 5 and Mar. 10. Department is ready to endeavor to arrange advance of $500,000 if Dominican Government will pledge and turn over the collection of alcohol and tobacco taxes to the Receivership; inquires meaning of “tobacco tax.” Commercial attache still being looked for 216
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 15 Same subject. Reply to Department’s Mar. 14. Minister of Finance, while ready to pledge alcohol and tobacco taxes, is unwilling to surrender the collection to the Receivership at present and urges that Department abide by original plan for control by receivership on failure to make payments. Explanation of tobacco tax. 217
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. He is informed that Bordas’s mission results in peaceable understanding with Arias, which means that the constitutional convention will proceed to enact Department’s reforms, including new election law and election of president to succeed Bordas on June 30. Revolution probably averted. 217
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 19 Same subject. Election set for Apr. 1 and 2, the President considering no later date to be constitutional; the question of the interval in the presidential term is still undetermined. Inquires whether the Department will send observers of the election or leave it to the Legation 217
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 20 Same subject. Owing to General Receiver’s protest that heavy losses in customs are resulting from extensive smuggling in the north, Dominican Cabinet to-day voted to submit no longer to domination by Arias in that region and several governors have been removed. If advances to pay salaries can not be had at once there will be serious trouble. Recommends support of the Government in order to hasten three fundamental reforms: collection of all revenues by the receivership, entire control of public works,” and establishment of a financial expert urges instant action. 218
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). do Same subject. Requests information as to attitude of Congress on the loan. The payment of back salaries might be made by temporary advance of $500,000 from public works fund on deposit in New York if Congress would authorize pledging alcohol and tobacco taxes to repay it. If this is not possible, request Minister of Finance to prepare a plan for efficacious repayment. 218
[Page XXXV] Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Mar. 22 Same subject. All opposition groups are now assailing the Bordas party and the American Government, which is accused of failing in its promises Arias published my request in pursuance of Department’s instruction of Mar. 1, with defiant refusal. Legislation is insisting on prime necessity of a fair election. 219
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 23 Same subject. Reply to Department’s Mar. 20. There is no hope of Congress approving financial relief of any kind, its hope being to starve on Bordas. Government’s rigorous proceeding against Arias may develop outbreak in the north Failure to furnish financial assistance will probably permit reform in financial controllership to slip from our hands. Relief is absolutely essential to orderly election. 219
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). do Same subject. Keply to his Mar. 22. states Department’s attitude as to advance; this, if made should be expended only through a temporary controller who shall be replaced by a permanent one under certain restrictions. Inquires whether folzot banks have enough cash to be transferred to Government on telegraphic order if, through negotiation of bonds, the equivalent should be available in New York. 220
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 26 Same subject. Reply to Department’s Mar. 23 If Bordas is given money prior to the election ii would probably mean his reelection; his failure would rehabilitate Arias. The Government agrees to temporary controller, to be followed by a permanent controller as suggested by Department. Information as to available cash in local banks. Requests speedy instructions as to election answers. 221
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 30 Same subject. Revolution breaking out at La Vega and Santiago; outbreak can be suppressed by furnishing funds to Bordas; important to prevent Arias from getting a start. 222
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 31 Same subject. Filibusters in Congress thwarting Government’s election plans, to prevent election before Apr. 30, with intent to declare presidency vacant after that date. Serious fighting at La Vega and Santiago. 222
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). Apr. 2 Same subject. Reply to his Mar. 31. Requests his opinion as to probable dates of elections and time of adjournment of Congress; instruction as to caution in speaking of elections and candidates; this Government has no interest except to aid in the election of candidate desired by the people at free and fair elections.
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Transmits President Bordas’s appeal for financial assistance. Bordas is about to ask Congress for suspension of constitutional guaranties. Bordas about to take field in person against Arias. 223
Same to same (telegram). Apr. 3 Same subject. Quotes his public statement to the effect that the President of the United States desires that the Dominican people shall have the officers they desire, and is not concerned as to the personnel of government 223
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). Apr. 4 Same subject. Approves statement mentioned in his Apr. 3. States attitude of the United States as to elections and methods of changing laws and personnel of government. Inquires daily cost of Government’s military operations and estimate of forces necessary to subdue rebellion. The situation will be laid before the President at once. 223
The Dominican Legation to the Department of State. do Same subject. Requests financial support of the United States in order to suppress the revolution. 224
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Apr. 11 Same subject. Transmits request of Minister for Foreign Affairs that the daily advance be increased to $5,000, without which the campaign against Arias can not be kept up. 224
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). Apr. 14 Same subject. Reply to his Apr. 11. The receivership has been instructed to advance $3,500 daily for 15 days, a longer campaign not being anticipated. Unless Congress approves proposition for loan within 15 days all available funds will be exhausted. 225
[Page XXXVI]84 Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan. 1914. Apr. 17 Same subject. A long report on the political and financial situation. 225
Same to same (telegram). Apr. 21 Same subject. Arias was being reduced to insignificance when Puerto Plata revolted yesterday. The whole revolutionary activity is intended to prevent the election which the Government expected to hold May 20. The Wheeling should remain at Santo Domingo and another gunboat should be at Puerto Plata. 228
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). Apr. 26 Same subject. Reply to his Apr. 21. The Wheeling will go to Puerto Plata. The Petrel will be ordered to Santo Domingo in case of absolute necessity. 228
Mr. Henry to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Apr. 28 Same subject. The American steamer Algonquin failed to enter the port of Puerto Plata: de facto blockade existing and town being shelled. Requests warship. 228
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. Do Protection of British interests. Expresses thanks for protection given to British subjects. 261
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Henry (telegram). Apr. 29 Political and financial affairs. Reply to his Apr. 28. The Petrel will proceed to Puerto Plata; the Wheeling will remain at Santo Domingo. 229
Mr. Henry to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Do. Same subject. Military news. Gunboat essential. 229
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Apr. 30 Same subject. Revolutionists have caused closing of Puerto Plata customhouse and interference with rights of the United States which, under the convention, may protest. Urges consideration. 229
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). May 5 Same subject. Reply to his Apr. 30. The Navy Department on May 2 instructed commander of Petrel to request opening of customhouse Puerto Plata and to see that all American and other foreign interests are protected. 229
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Do Same subject. Consul Henry, Puerto Plata, reports Bordas probably weakening; the Nautilus has ordered cessation of artillery on both sides. 230
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Reports seem to show that Vidal will rise against the Government when sure the United States will not interfere. 230
Same to same (telegram). .May 13 Protection of British interests. The British Charge d’Affaires requests protection of British railroad property at Sanchez. 262
39 Mr. Cernuda to Mr. Bryan May 14 Political and financial affairs. Notice of closure and blockade of ports of Puerto Plata and Monte Cristi. 230
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Cernuda May 16 Same subject. Reply to his May 14. As the blockade of Puerto Plata is reported to be maintained effectively, this Government recognizes the blockade of that port, but can not recognize the blockade of Monte Cristi as it is not advised of its effective maintenance. 231
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). Do Protection of British interests. The U. S S. Washingtonwill proceed to Sanchez to report on conditions and protect foreign interests. 262
41 Mr. Cernuda to Mr. Bryan. May 19 Political and financial affairs. Refers to his note of May 14 and Department’s May 16 and states that his Government will confine the blockade to Puerto Plata. Expresses thanks for the attitude of this Government. 231
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). May 20 Same subject. Reports election dates decreed to be June 7 and 8 for members of electoral college, which will meet June 15 to elect President, Vice President, Deputies, and Senators; new Congress will meet June 25; inauguration of President on July 1, which is the date of expiration of Caceres’s term. If complied with, this decree will preserve constitutional government unbroken. Asks whether interrupted plans for observation of elections shall proceed. 231
99 Same to same. May 21 Same subject. Incloses note from the Foreign Office, which is the final word of the Government in regard to a financial controller. 232
Same to same (telegram). May 25 Same subject. The Dominican Government has requested him to ask his Government’s cooperation in protecting the treaty of 1907; gives substance of statement made by the Minister for Foreign Affairs as to the reasons for the request and for suggestions from this Government. 232
46 Mr. Cernuda to Mr. Bryan. May 26 Same subject. Refers to a note of Mar. 20 from the Foreign Office to the American Minister in regard to a financial expert, for which another note has been substituted after discussion with the American Minister. Quotes the substitute note. 233
[Page XXXVII] Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bran. 1914. May 27 Protection of British interests. Requests protection of British subjects at Samana Bay. 262
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram). May 28 Political and financial affairs. Instructs him to transmit by radio to the commander of the Washington at Santo domingo the text of the representations following, to the effect that this Government will be obliged to take the most effective steps toward the restoration of order unless the contending leaders will of their own motion put an end to the present strife. As a means to that end the United States suggests that every announced or prospective candidate for the presidency withdraw his name in favor of some upright citizen unconnected with politics. The United States will do everything possible in aid of fair elections. The foregoing representations are to be made by the commander verbally to President Bordas, and if he accedes to them they are to be presented verbally to the leaders of all factions. 234
109 Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). June 1 Same subject. The revolution is practically quelled outside of Puerto Plata. Military news. The Government will entertain suggestions regarding liberty of elections, but not any that would be of advantage to the revolutionists as such. 235
109 Mr. Bryan t o Mr. Cernuda. do Same subject. Reply to his note of May 26. The President has accepted with pleasure the suggestion that he appoint a financial expert to go to Santo Domingo to aid in the settlement of Dominican debts, to devise an adequate system of public accounting, and to execute the original agreement regarding the revenues, all with a view to the Republic’s financial stability. The President has therefore appointed Mr. Charles M. Johnston as Financial Expert, who will exercise all the powers of Comptroller. The Department recommends him as worthy of all confidence. 235
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Johnston. Do Same subject. Informs him of his designation as Financial Expert and specifies his duties and status. 236
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Spring Rice. June 2 Protection of British interests. Reply to his May 27. The protection desired will be rendered. 263
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan. June 3 Protection of Porto Rican citizens of the United States drafted into the Dominican Army. Requests instructions. 264
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). June 6 Political and financial affairs. Reports having prepared for observation of elections, which are to occur June 7 and 8. 237
50 Mr. Cernuda to Mr. Bryan. June 9 Same subject. Reply to Department’s June 1; the power granted to the Financial Expert to devise and put into operation additional measures for increasing the revenues is acknowledged, but such measures can not be executed without sanction of the Dominican authorities in cases where the sanction is required by the Constitution and laws. 237
Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan (telegram). June 12 Same subject. Transmits report from Consul Livingston that Arias is about to try a new ruse to cover preparations for revolt; and that Customs Inspector N orris is expecting trouble on the border; both’ disturbances to be operated through Haiti. 238
Same to same (telegram). June 16 Same subject. It is clear that the Haitian Government is supplying arms and ammunition to agents of Vidal and is passing them across the border. Two agents of Arias have arrived on a mission to the Haitian government, purpose not ascertained. 238
Mr. Barclay to Mr. Bryan. June 17 Protection of British interests. Thanks him for his June 2. 263
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Smith (telegram). June 18 Political and financial interests. In view of his June 12 and 16 and advices from Santo Domingo, he is instructed to state at once to the Minister for Foreign Affairs that the Government of the United States is convinced of the complicity of Haitian authorities in the Dominican revolutionary activities, which is both unfriendly toward the Dominican Republic and exceedingly offensive to the United States Government, which is greatly surprised at it and will be forced to consider what steps are needful to end the violations of customs regulations that are involved, unless the Haitian authorities immediately cease shipping munitions of war across the frontier for the use of Dominican revolutionists. 238
[Page XXXVIII] Mr. Daniels to Mr. Bryan 1914. June 19 Same subject. Incloses telegrams from Capt. Russell reporting notification to Dominican authorities that the United States will not permit bombardment of Puerto Plata; no acknowledgment received. 239
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports installation of Charles M. Johnston as Financial Expert on June 17. 240
Same to same (telegram) June 20 Same subject. Transmits request of Dominican Government that the Department take some action to prevent smuggling of arms with the aid o Haitian Government; war will be declared on Haiti if its authorities are not brought to a realization of their obligations. 240
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Dominican Government asks immediate explanation of the threat which Bordas claims the Commander of the South Atlantic Squadron has made to fire on Government troops if artillery is used at Puerto Plata; he has requested time to hear from the Department. 240
69 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan June 22 Protection of Porto Rican citizens. Refers to his No. 103 of June 3 and instructs him in regard thereto 264
Same to same (telegram). June 24 Political and financial affairs. Reply to his firs June 20. Instructs him to inform the Government that Department has made representations to Haiti. 241
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Reply to his second June 20. De partment will reply formally to Dominican Government as soon as formal protest is received from Dominican Chargé. 241
Same to same (telegram). June 29 Same subject. Explains why bombardment of Puerto Plata is not permissible. Instructs him to inform the Government that when blockade is raised, this Government will notify insurgents that collection of customs must not be interfered with. Department is considering what other action to take toward restoration of order. 241
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs him to explain to the Government that the action taken by the Machias was not hostile to the Bordas Government, much less of favor to the revolutionists, but considered necessary for protection of noncombatants at Puerto Plata. 241
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Election news. Opposition claims Bordas Government will lose mandate on July 1, but there is no immediate probability of its losing de facto power. Foreign representatives are asking what attitude this Government will take. Instructions desired. 241
Same to same (telegram). July 1 Same subject. Dominican Government does not agree to raise blockade; gives reasons; asks that this Government consider the evil results that will be produced by its present attitude. If it intends to prevent Bordas from blockading, besieging, or bombarding rebels in Puerto Plata,the Dominican Government despairs of dealing with the situation and this Government must openly take the responsibility. 242
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Reply to Department’s second June 29; its purport has been explained to the Government, which replies that firing upon the constitutional Government is violation of international law and can be satisfied only when the order to the commander of the Machias has been countermanded, the order having the effect of relieving the revolutionists from effect of Government successes, which now promise speedy termination of insurrection; it is convinced that the action of the United States is due to propaganda by American sympathizers with the revolution who have created the rebellion. 242
115 Mr. White to Mr. Bryan. July 3 Same subject. Transmits communication from the Foreign Office setting forth the exact status of the Bordas Government under the present Constitution of the Republic. 242
55 Mr. Soler to Mr. Bryan July 8 Same subject. Formal protest of the Dominican Minister against the action of the United States at Puerto Plata, with history of the case. Request for substitution of other warships. 244
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Barclay July 13 Protection of British interests. The U. S. S. Marietta has orders to protect foreign lives and property at Sanchez and vicinity. 263
[Page XXXIX] Mr. White to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914July 14 Political and financial affairs. The Dominican Government desires t o restrict line of defense in Santo Domingo in case of approach of revolutionists; he informed it that the U. S. S. Castine would not permit firing by either side within the city and he would not submit the matter to the Diplomatic Corps without instructions, and if the Government could not hold off the revolutionists it had better ask for the good offices of the United States. It replied that this request was impossible but assistance from Washington and establishment of a neutral zone would be acceptable. Another war vessel and marines would be appreciated. 245
same to same (telegram). July 16 Same subject. The situation looks better, but he considers it highly important that this Government should be a party to the solution so as to secure necessary reforms; reports negotiations with revolutionists which he has obtained. 245
Mr. Phillips to Mr. White (telegram). July 17 Same subject. Approves his July 16. 246
81 Mr. Bryan to Mr. White July 23 Same subject. Approves his July 16. 246
Same to same (telegram). July 29 Same subject. Instruction to state to the Government and the opposition that the President will soon propose a plan for the restoration of peace and meantime asks that hostilities be suspended. 246
Mr. Henry to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Aug. 6 Same subject. General armistice just signed, to take effect to-night. 247
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Aug. 13 Same subject. Instructions to the commission appointed by the President to proceed to Santo Domingo. 247
Same subject. Text of the plan of the President, handed to Commissioners Fort and Smith for their guidance. 247
Mr. Bryan to Mr. White (telegram). Aug. 15 Same subject. Notifies him of the appointment of a commission, composed of ex-Governor Fort of New Jersey, Mr. Charles Smith, attorney-at-law, of New Hampshire, and the American Minister, Mr. Sullivan, chairman, who have left for Santo Domingo. Instructs him to arrange for their reception. 248
Mr. Fort to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Aug. 21 Same subject. Reports favorable negotiations with leaders, with expectations of selection of Provisional President to-morrow. 249
Same t o same (telegram). Aug. 25 Same subject. Reports full acceptance of the President’s plan; proclamation of resignation of Bordas is in preparation; selection of Provisional President due to-morrow. 249
Mr. White to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Aug. 28 Same subject. Reports inauguration of Dr. Ramón Báez as Provisional President on Aug. 27, after being agreed on by all parties. He asks for recognition by the United States. 249
Mr. Bryan to Mr. White (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs him to call upon the new Provisional President and enter into diplomatic relations with him as Chief Executive of the Dominican Republic. 250
Mr. Bryan to the Commission (telegram) Aug. 31 Same subject. Instruction to demand the submission of Arias. 250
Mr. Fort to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Sept. 3 Same subject. Conditions permit the provisional President to handle the negotiations with Arias himself. 250
Sept. 8 Same subject. Text of the agreement between the U. S. Commission and the Provisional President of the Dominican Republic relating to the election of a regular President and of members of Congress. 250
Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Sept. 12 Same subject. Reports approval by the commission of President’s plans as to Arias and others for the pacification of the Cibao; he was urged to hasten to an early settlement. 251
10 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Blanchard. Sept. 19 Same subject. Instruction to inform the Haitian Government that the United States Government desires it to take effective steps for the termination of the smuggling of arms between Haiti and the Dominican Republic. 251
Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan Sept. 29 Same subject. Incloses translation of election decree and electoral law just completed. 252
71 Mr. Soler to Mr. Bryan. Oct. 1 Same subject. Incloses autograph letter of President Baez to President Wilson, announcing his inauguration. 253
Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Presidential candidates will be Jimenez, Vasquez, Velasquez, and Vidal. General pacification advancing. 253
[Page XL] Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Oct. 5 Same subject. Commission joins Dominican President and presidential candidates in requesting Department’s consent to one week’s postponement of elections to allow printing to be done; also desire consent to work on roads. 253
Mr. Lansing to Mr. White (telegram). Oct. 8 Same subject. Approves postponement of elections. 254
92 Same to same Oct. 24 Same subject. Incloses letter addressed by the President to President Baez acknowledging his letter of Aug. 27, to be delivered to His Excellency. 254
Mr. White to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Nov. 11 Same subject. Horacista party reported not voting at Santiago; unless the court annuls election, Jiménez majority assured; Jiménez party anxious for United States to recognize validity of election at once and declare openly that it will not tolerate revolutionary activity. Such a declaration should be preceded by formal promise of Jiménez and Velázquez to support financial control. 255
Same to same (telegram). Nov. 14 Same subject. Requests assent to President Baez’s increase of floating debt; details of financial situation. 255
Mr. Bryan to Mr. White (telegram). do Same subject. Reply to his Nov. n. instructs to report election figures; attitude of Provisional Government toward election and toward the Financial Agent; and to say that this Government will support the President elected by the people when satisfied of people’s choice, and that it will not tolerate further insurrections. 255
Mr. Lansing to Mr. White (telegram). Nov. 18 Same subject. Reply to his Nov. 14. Receivership can not advance more than $5,000 daily. Department expects Jimenez and Velazquez to pledge themselves in writing to recognize Comptroller and to turn over to receivership collection of internal revenues. Essential that Johnston’s new 256
Mr. White to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reply to Department’s Nov. 14. Gives election figures Provisional President satisfied. Jimenez and Velazquez have pledged themselves to financial control. 256
Same to same (telegram). Nov. 24 Same subject. Jimenez has secured 337 electoral votes; 317 necessary; he is regarded as the next President. 256
Mr. Bryan to Mr. white (telegram). Nov. 25 Same subject. Instruction to assure President Báez of this Government’s intention of keeping its promise to furnish such assistance as may be necessary to maintain an orderly government, now that the will of the people has been freely and clearly expressed. 257
Mr. White to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Dec. 1 Same subject. President Baez unwilling to issue decree declaring majority of Assembly a quorum, on grounds of unconstitutionality, etc. He prefers solution to come from Washington. Mr. White suggests that Department name date on which it will recognize Jimenez as President and turn over funds to him, as delay will be conducive of disorders. 257
Mr. Bryan to Mr. White (telegram). Dec. 4 Same subject. Reply to his Dec. l. instructions to confer with Baez and Jimenez and, if they approve, to fix a day for recognition of the new President, with certain provisos; and to warn the opposition against obstructive moves. Financial instructions. 257
Mr. White to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Dec. 5 Same subject. Jimenez proclaimed President to-day by National Assembly. 258
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Do Same subject. President Jimenez was sworn in to-day. 258
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan (telegram) do Same subject. Congratulatory message 259
President Wilson to ex-President Baez, (telegram) Dec. 8 Same subject. Message of appreciation and good wishes. 259
President Wilson to President Jiménez (telegram). do Same subject. Congratulations 259
President Jimenéz to President Wilson (telegram) Dec. 9 Same subject. Message of thanks 259
Ex-President Baez to President Wilson (telegram) Dec. 10 Same subject. Message of thanks. 260
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Dec. 12 Same subject. Receivership still needs $5,000 daily. 260
[Page XLI] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sullivan Dec. 14 (telegram). 1914 Dec. 14 Same subject. Instructions have been sent to continue $5,000 daily until further notice; this amount must on no account be exceeded. 260
Same to same (telegram).do Do Same subject. Instruction to inform President Jimenez that he is respectfully urged to issue decrees putting into effect the following reforms: Placing revenue collection under receivership; official recognition of Comptroller Johnston and his prescribed duties; amendment of Collet contract as stipulated; reduction of army, as to which this Government will give any assistance desired 260
Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Bryan Dec. 17 (telegram). Dec 17 Same subject. Reports urging on the Government 261 all the reforms suggested and that they are now under consideration; recommends patience. 261

ecuador.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Miller 1913 Nov. 28 Guayaquil & Quito Ry. Co. Instruction to the American arbitrator, Judge Miller, regarding the nature of the arbitral tribunal and its award. 274
Mr. Hartman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1911. Jan. 5 Same subject. Reports arrival of Judge Miller. 275
Mr. Hartman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Jan. 24 Political affairs. Revolutionists still control Esmeraldas. Attack on the Government forces on Jan. 28 anticipated. American Consular Agent not heard from for several weeks. 267
Same to same (telegram). Feb 1 Guayaquil & Quito Ry. Co. Reports failure of arbitrators to agree and departure of Judge Miller. 275
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hartman (telegram). Feb. 7 Same subject. Inquires whether the board of arbitration was organized, what steps were taken to reach an agreement, and the points of difference on which the final disagreement was reached. 275
Mr. Hartman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Feb. 8 Same subject Reply to Department’s Feb. 7 275
Mr. Hedian to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Feb 10 Political affairs. Consuls have been notified that Government forces will bombard Esmeraldas to-day: presence of a warship desirable. 267
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Goding (telegram). Feb. 12 Same subject. Transmits instructions for Consular Agent at Esmeraldas to report effects of bombardment if such has occurred and to use good offices to secure neutral zone for safety of noncombatants. No warship available at present. 268
Mr. Goding to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Cable offices at Esmeraldas were destroyed by fire yesterday. Will report when communications are established. 268
Same subject. Gives particulars of the revolution, which has continued for two or more months, and states his opinion that should the revolutionary forces appear in Guayaquil the people would deliver the city to them. 268
17 Same to same do
same to same (telegram) Feb 13 same subject An official report dated Feb. 10 says that consular officers are unable to secure a zone for the protection of noncombatants. Consulates and neutral property will be respected as asylum by the combatants 269
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Do Guayaquil & Quito Ry Co. Same purport as Mr. Hartman’s Feb. 8. 276
Mr. Moore to Mr. Goding (telegram). Feb. 14 Political affairs. Instructs him in regard to sending reports concerning revolution and asks if he confirms press reports of defeat of 2,000 Government troops in Manabi. 269
Mr. Hartman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports bombardment and burning of Esmeraldas on Feb. 11. American Minister at Lima expresses anxiety for cable operatives. Is of opinion that cruiser should be sent to Esmeraldas 269
Mr. Moore to Mr. Hartman (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs him to report the revolutionary situation and strength of Plaza’s Government. Press reports revolutionary troops occupy Tulcan. 270
Mr. Hartman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Feb. 16 Same subject. Tulcan not occupied by the revolutionists. Reports statement by Minister for Foreign Affairs as to troops and plans of the Government. Situation now favorable to the Government. 270
[Page XLII] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hartman (telegram). 1914. Feb. 16 Same subject. Reply to his Feb. 14. Instructs him to report what American interests are in danger which would receive protection from presence of warship in Ecuadorian waters. Gives reasons why Department does not desire to send a ship unless absolutely necessary. 270
Mr. Hedian to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Feb. 17 Same subject. Bombardment of Esmeraldas has ceased. Position of troops. Many inhabitants of neutral zone returning. 270
Mr. Hartman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Feb. 19 Same subject. Refers to Department’s Feb. 14 and responsibility to obtain a statement of American interests at Esmeraldas in danger from revolution which a war vessel would protect. Recommendation for a war vessel was based upon a telegram from the American Minister at Lima. 271
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 26 Same subject. Reports departure of President Riaza ostensibly to take command of army at Esmeraldas. President of Chamber of Deputies Pallares is acting as President. 271
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Reports uprising of prisoners at the penitentiary who are now in control; unless the Government forces succeed in the coming battle with the prisoners a general plundering of the city will take place. Refuge at the Legation has been granted to the three sons of Mrs. Plaza with their nurses. 271
Same to same (telegram). Do Same subject. Government forces have regained control of the penitentiary. 271
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 28 Same subject. Dr. Moreno, President of the Senate has assumed the duties of the Presidency during the absence of President Plaza. The family of President Plaza has returned home. 272
Mr. Yoder et al. to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 3 Imprisonment of Robert B. Jones, an American citizen. Requests protection for Mr. Jones who has been imprisoned since Dec. 17. 281
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Goding (telegram). Mar. 4 Same subject. Instructs him to investigate, report by telegraph, and extend all possible and proper protection to Mr. Jones. 281
Mr. Goding to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 5 Same subject. Reports having informed the Legation concerning the case and states the facts in connection with the arrest of Mr. Jones. 281
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hartman (telegram. do Same subject. Instructs him to report fully by telegraph what action he has taken in the matter. 282
Mr. Hedian to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Political affairs. Government forces, after ineffectual attacks on Esmeraldas, have retired 272
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Goding (telegram). Mar. 6 Imprisonment of Robert B. Jones, informs him of instructions to Legation and instructs him to continue to report directly to the Department as well as to the Legation. 282
22 Mr. Goding to Mr. Bryan Mar. 7 Same subject. Transmits an extended report of the case. 282
Mr. Hartman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Informs department of representations made to the Foreign Office with a view to securing a prompt, fair, and just trial for Mr. Jones. 283
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Goding (telegram). Mar. 9 Same subject. Instructs him to forward to the Legation and Department a certified copy of the evidence and brief of law in the case. 284
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hartman (telegram). Do Same subject. Instructs him to forward to the Department a brief synopsis of the testimony in the case and if facts and law warrant to request the immediate release of Jones. 284
Mr. Goding to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 11 Same subject. Reports forwarding to Department uncertified copies of evidence and brief in the case. Certified copies in the Legation. Jones released under bond leaves immediately for Washington. 285
24 Same to same Mar. 13 Same subject. Reports discharge of Jones Mar. 11 1914. at noon 285
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Goding (telegram). Mar. 16 Same subject. Instructs him to forward certified copies of the evidence in the case. 285
Mr. Hartman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 17 Political affairs. Port of Esmeraldas is again open to commerce, Government forces having captured the city. President Plaza is expected to arrive in Quito Mar. 19. 272
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 18 Imprisonment of Robert B. Jones. Reply to Department’s Mar. 9; as Jones was discharged, synopsis of testimony will not be telegraphed. 285
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Goding Mar. 23 Political affairs. Acknowledges his No. 17. Department has been fully informed regarding the 1 revolution. 1 272
[Page XLIII] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hartman 1914 Apr. 3 Guayaquil & Quito Ry. Co. Incloses letter from the Vice President of the railway company regarding protest against infringement on the securities given the company, by the operation of the J. G. White contract with Ecuador. 277
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan Apr. 11 Same subject. Reports his inability to agree with the Ecuadorian arbitrator on the terms of arbitration. 278
Mr. Hartman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Apr. 16 Political affairs. Revolutionists have captured Ibarra. He has been requested to grant refuge to three sons of President Plaza if revolutionists march against Quito. 273
Same to same (telegram). June 2 Same subject. Consular Agent at Esmeraldas reports that city besieged by revolutionists. 273
46 Mr. Goding to Mr. Bryan. June 27 Imprisonment of Robert B. Jones. Reply to Department’s Mar. 16. Incloses copy of decree discharging bondsmen of Jones, which closes the case. 286
Mr. Hartman to Mr. Bryan July 10 Guayaquil & Quito Ry. Co. Refers to Department’s Apr. 3 and to his note in pursuance thereof to the Foreign Office, and incloses the reply of the Foreign Office. 278
74 Same to Same Aug. 12 Message of the President. Extracts from the copy transmitted by the Minister. 265
Same to same (telegram). Aug. 14 Political affairs. Extraordinary powers have been granted to the President by Congress. 273
Same to same (telegram). Aug. 22 Same subject. Requests authority to undertake negotiations looking toward the ending of the revolution. 273
Same to same (telegram). do. Financial affairs. Ecuador solicits the assistance of this Government in obtaining a loan of $8,000,000. Details. 280
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hartman (telegram). Aug. 25 Same subject. Reply to his Aug. 22. On account of the grave disturbance of the money markets of the world and the almost total suspension of credit, the Department feels that the present is not a propitious time to assist Ecuador in obtaining a loan. 281
Same to same (telegram). do Political affairs. Informs him that Department does not consider it advisable or prudent for the Government of the United States to mix in any way in the internal political affairs of Ecuador. 274
44 Aug. 26 Guayaquil & Quito Ry. Co. Refers to his July 10, and informs him that the Department considers it unnecessary to reply at present to the note from the Foreign Office. 280
Mr. Hartman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Nov. 4 Exclusion of Goo Kwai, an American citizen of Chinese birth. Reports difficulty in obtaining permission for the entry of Goo Kwai into Ecuador and action of Ecuadorian Government in referring the matter to Washington for consideration. 286
80 Same to same. Nov. 5 Same subject. Refers to his Nov. 4 and reports particulars. 286
82 Nov. 8 Same subject. Reports informal representations made to Foreign Office. Government evidently regards this case as a very important one. 288
11 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Cordova. Dec. 7 Same subject. Asks if he has received any instructions from his Government to take this matter up with the Department. 288
50 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hartman Dec. 8 Same subject. Reply to his No. 80 of Nov. 5 and No. 82 of Nov. 8. Incloses copy of Department’s note to the Ecuadorian Legation and instructs him to continue good offices for the assistance of Mr. Kwai. 288
Mr. Cordova to Mr. Bryan. Dec. 11 Same subject. Informs Department of instructions received from his Government to discuss the matter with the Department. 289
Same to Same Dec. 17 Same subject. He has informed his Government of agreement with the Department that Goo Kwai should be permitted to stay in Ecuador until the last day of this month on a visit. Requests that American Minister to Ecuador be informed. 289
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hartman (telegram). Dec. 28 Same subject. Informs him of result of a conference with the Ecuadorian Minister and agreement that Goo Kwai be allowed to remain in Ecuador until 290
14 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Cordova Dec. 31 Same subject. Acknowledges his note of Dec. 17 and states that American Minister at Quito was informed on Dec. 28 of the agreement reached. 290
[Page XLIV]

france.

No. From and to whom. Date Subject. Page.
Mr. Chadbourne to Mr. Bryan. 1913 Dec. 18 Liability to French military service of naturalized American citizens of French origin and of American-born children of French parentage. Inquiry as to the law involved in the case of a naturalized citizen upon return to France. 291
Mr. Moore to Mr. Chadbourne. Dec. 24 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing 292
Mr. Moore to Mr. Herrick (telegram). Dec. 27 Same subject. Nouguier case; request release. 293
494 Mr. Herrick to Mr. Bryan. 1914 Jan. 2 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing. In view of the French Government’s ruling in previous cases, it would not be advisable to present the Nouguier case. 293
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Herrick (telegram). Jan. 16 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing. Instruction to present the Nouguier case. 294
509 Mr. Herrick to Mr. Bryan. Jan. 19 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing. He has requested the release of Nouguier. 294
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 25 Same subject. Refers to the foregoing. The French Government refuses to release Nouguier. 294
255 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Herrick. Apr. 4 Same subject. Chrystie case. Incloses letter from J. A. C. Fargo and the Department’s reply, for his information. 294
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Young Sept. 22 Same subject. Pellissier case. Informs him as to the French law relating to American citizens formerly citizens of France who contemplate returning to that country. 296
317 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Herrick Sept. 24 Same subject. Pellissier case. Incloses letter from Mr. Young, and instructs Mm to present the case and request release of Pellissier. 296
207 Same to same (telegram). Oct. 27 Same subject. Chandeysson case. Information requested. 298
231 Mr. Herrick to Mr. Bryan(telegram) Oct. 28 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing 298
233 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Herrick (telegram). Nov. 4 Same subject. Refers to the foregoing. If Chandeysson did not voluntarily enlist, request his release on the ground of American citizenship. 298
261 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Herrick (telegram). Nov. 12 Same subject. Candevan case. Ask for release. 298
753 Mr. Herrick to Mr. Bryan. Nov. 12 Same subject. Refers to Department’s No. 317 of Sept. 24, and incloses note from the Foreign Office, refusing to release Pellissier. As its position m this case is the same as in previous cases, it is suggested that cases of the same nature in the future will doubtless meet with the same decision. 299
767 Nov. 17 Same subject. Refers to Department’s No. 233 of Nov. 4, Chandeysson case. In view of the decision in the Pellissier case, authority is requested to withhold representations in this and all similar cases. 300
311 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Herrick (telegram). Nov. 25 Same subject. Peralme case. Request release. 301
390 Mr. Sharp to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Dec. 18 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing; as no reply has been received to Embassy’s No. 767 of Nov. 17, asks further instructions as to Peralme case. 301
442 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Sharp Dec. 31 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing. Instruction to request release of Peralme; Art. 17 of French Nationality Law should not apply to naturalized Americans who emigrated before reaching military age, and this Government can not concede the principle if the law is applied to such persons. 301

great britain.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
152 Mr. Page to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Feb. 21 Colonization of Gold Coast, West Africa, by American Negroes. A negro named Sam is spreading propaganda in the United States and selling shares in an “African Trading Company” with a view to inducing negroes to emigrate to the Gold Coast. Sir Edward Grey requests that the Department do all it can to prevent such emigration, being certain that the scheme is fraudulent. 321
251 Same to same do Same to same and purport 322
Same to same (telegram) Feb. 23 Same subject. Additional evidence of fraudulency 323
252 Same to same Do Same subject and purport 323
[Page XLV] The President to Congress. 1914. Mar. 5 Panama Canal tolls; repeal of the provision of the Panama Canal Act exempting vessels in the coastwise trade of the United States from the payment of tolls. Address of the President to Congress requesting repeal of the tolls provision. 317
168 Mr. Page to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 6 Same subject. Reports the appreciative comment in London on the President’s address to Congress. 318
186 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Page Mar. 9 Colonization of Gold Coast, West Africa, by American negroes. The Department has transmitted copies of his Nos. 251 and 252 of Feb. 21 and 23 to the competent authorities. 324
75 Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. Mar. 12 Same subject. It is intended by the British Government to pass an ordinance compelling every immigrant into the Gold Coast to deposit security for his repatriation if locally required. 324
81 Mar. 17 Same subject. The ordinance referred to in his No. 75 of Mar. 12 is being passed and the British authorities at Portland, Me., have been instructed not to issue British papers to the negro Sam’s steamer Curityba. 325
92 Mar. 23 Jurisdiction of the United States over foreign ships and persons on board them in United States waters; jurisdiction in foreign waters over crew of private ship under United States flag. Requests a full statement of the law and practice of the United States. 307
196 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Page. Apr. 1 Presentation of a statue of Washington to Great Britain by the State of Virginia. Incloses a letter from the Governor of Virginia transmitting a joint resolution of the General Assembly of Virginia providing for presentation to the British Government of a replica of Houdon’s statue of Washington, and requesting that the resolution be communicated to the British Government. Instruction formally to communicate this offer. 318
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Stuart Apr. 2 Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of his letter and the inclosed resolution, which have been transmitted to the Ambassador at London with instructions to communicate the offer therein made. 319
Apr. 10 Arbitration agreement between the United States and Great Britain extending the duration of the Convention of Apr. 4, 1908. Proclamation, compliance with Department’s instruction of No. 196. 303
303 Mr. Page to Mr. Bryan Apr. 29 Presentation of a statue of Washington. Incloses the reply of the British Government accepting Virginia’s gift. 320
Mr. Bryan to Mr Stuart May 15 Same subject. Incloses copy of Mr. Page’s No. 303 of Apr. 29 and its inclosure. 321
Mr. Bryan to Mr Stuart do Same subject. Informs him of having communicated to the Governor of Virginia copies of his No. 303 of Apr. 29 and its inclosure. 321
355 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Spring Rice. May 19 Jurisdiction of the United States over foreign ships, etc. Reply to his No. 92 of March 23. 308
June 15 Panama Canal tolls. Text of the Act repealing the tolls provision of the Canal Act. 318
Nov. 11 Treaty between the United States and Great Britain for the Advancement of Peace. Proclamation. 304

greece.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
6257 Mr. Vouros to Mr. Bryan 1913. Dec. 17 Inviolability of correspondence of consular officers, interpretation of the Consular Convention between the United States and Greece. Requests that steps be taken to procure the dissolving of a decree whereby the Consul of Greece at Philadelphia is enjoined to hold certain papers from the Foreign Office of Greece subject to further orders of the court. 326
182 Mr. Moore to Mr. Vouros 1914. Jan. 3 Same subject. Acknowledges his Dec. 17, 1913, and states that it is the duty of the consul to present to the court the means of defense that may be available to him under the Consular Convention, for until this is done it can not be assumed by the Department that the court will disregard the applicable provisions of the convention; furthermore, it is not competent for an executive branch of this Government to attempt to control or influence the judicial branch. 327
[Page XLVI]6620 Mr. Vouros to Mr. Bryan 1914. Mar. 7 Same subject. Replies to the Department’s No. 182 of Jan. 3, renews his request, and requests a statement of the opinion of the Department as to the regularity of the judicial proceedings,in order that his Government may accordingly shape its attitude toward United States consuls in Greece. 327
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Johnson. Mar. 16 Same subject. Incloses correspondence submitted by the Greek Legation tending to show violations of the Consular Convention by the authorities of California and request him to take such action as may appear proper. 328
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Gregory. Mar. 28 Same subject. Informs him of the substance of Mr. Vouros’ notes and requests him to take such steps as he may find appropriate in the matter. 328
198 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Vouros do Same subject. Acknowledges his Mar. 7 and informs him of having submitted the matter to the Attorney General. 329
Mr. Gregory to Mr. Bryan. Apr. 1 Same subject. As requested, he has instructed the United States Attorney at Philadelphia to call the attention of the court to the provisions of the Consular Convention of 1902, guaranteeing the inviolability of consular offices, and to suggest the apparent advisability of dissolving the injunction complained of. 330
202 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Vouros Apr. 7 Same subject. Informs him of the correspondence between the Department and the Attorney General. 330

guatemala.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
1914. Oct. 13 Treaty for the advancement of general peace. Proclamation. 331
27 Mr. Leavell to Mr. Bryan. Mar 11 Message of the President to the Congress. Transmits a copy, with translation, of President Estrada Cabrera’s Message of Mar. 1, 1914. 333

haiti.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Jan. 2 Political and financial affairs. Reports revolutionary activities, with Dominican aid. 334
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Smith (telegram). Jan. 21 Same subject. The Nashville has been ordered to Cape Haitien. 334
Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Jan. 22 5 Same subject. The Government requests that the Nashville carry orders to Minister of the Interior,who is cut of at Fort liberty. 334
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Smith (telegram). do Same subject. The request as to the Nashville has been complied with; the Department is disposed to do anything proper to support constituted government. The Montana ordered to Port au Prince. 335
Mr. Livingston to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Jan. 23 Same subject. A “Committee of Public Safety,” named by the revolutionists at Cape Haitien, has removed customs officials and appointed a commission. Haitian National Bank protests to Consulate. 335
Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. National Bank of Haiti, as creditor of the Government, protests to the Legation against seizure of customhouse at Cape Haitien and requests the “exercise of such influence as is possible to protect said creditors.” 335
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Livingston (telegram). Jan. 25 Same subject. Instructs him to use all possible persuasion to cause de facto administrators of customs to respect Haiti’s obligations to National Bank. 335
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Smith (telegram). do . Same subject. Informs him of instructions to Mr. Livingston. Instructs him to impress upon revolutionary leaders the President’s policy as set forth in his statement of Mar. 12, 1913, to insist upon constitutional methods for reform of any abuses, and to demand full protection of life and property for all Americans and other foreigners. 336
Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Jan. 27 Same subject. The President abdicated Jan. 27 and went aboard German warship. This ship and U. S. S. Montana preparing to land troops. Revolutionists reported approaching. 336
[Page XLVII] Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Jan. 30 Same subject. Reports number of United State and German troops ashore; their presence promise peaceful election of new President. 336
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Smith (telegram). do Same subject. Instruction to impress upon de facto authorities the necessity of complying with national obligations as to assignment of customs funds for payment of definite debts; there must be no diversion of public moneys required for present obligations. 336
Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Feb. 2 Same subject. Reports compliance with Department’s instructions as to customs. States political situation. 337
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 3 Same subject. The Zamor brothers appear to control revolutionary situation, having defeated Davilmar Theodore in battle. Oreste Zamor has sent for permission to enter Port au Prince; he expects to establish provisional government and await action of Assembly. 337
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 7 Same subject. Reports entry of Oreste Zamor into Port au Prince. 337
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 8 Same subject. Reports election of Zamor to the presidency by the Assembly. Requests instruction as to recognition; foreign representatives awaiting decision of this Government. Zamor’s presidency obtained by revolutionary means, but his entry peaceable and order has since been maintained 337
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Smith (telegram). Feb. 9 Same subject. The President prefers to delay recognition until situation is more settled. Instructs to ascertain what guaranties the new Government can give as to its permanence and ability to protect lives and property of foreigners, and how many Provinces have accepted the new government also what is the attitude and strength of Davilmar Theodore. 338
Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Feb. 10 Same subject. Transmits statement made in writing by the new Minister for Foreign Affairs, Charles Zamor, in response to the Department’s inquiries of Feb. 9. Diplomatic Corps think Theodore unable to cause serious disturbance. Zamor Government, strong. 338
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 12 Ineffective blockade of Cape Haitien. Diplomatic Corps notified thereof, but will await action of this Government. 382
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Smith (telegram). Feb. 13 Same subject. Instructs him to recognize blockade if it is effective. 382
Mr. Livingston to Mr Bryan (telegram). Feb. 16 Protection of Haitian officials and their families by American diplomatic and consular officers. President of Haiti requests protection of family of Minister of Interior Charles Zamor. 385
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Livingston (telegram). do Same subject. Department can not give definite instructions until it has received more detailed information. Refers to Department’s regulations and points out that no government has been recognized in Haiti. 385
Mr. Livingston to Mr Bryan (telegram). Feb. 17 Same subject. The wife and four children of Charles Zamor wish to come to the Consulate in case of necessity 385
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Livingston (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs him that he may afford shelter to the women and children mentioned if necessary to shield them from violence. 385
Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Ineffective blockade of Cape Haitien. Because of doubt as to effectiveness of blockade and whether recognition thereof would affect the question of recognizing the de facto Government and the belligerency of Theodore, the entire matter is held in abeyance. 383
57 Same to same Feb. 20 Same subject. Elaboration of the telegram of Feb. 17 383
Mr. Livingston to Mr Bryan (telegram). Feb. 21 Political and financial affairs. Theodore’s army has evacuated Cape Haitien, which is patrolled by U. S. Marines. Zamor forces have entered the city. 339
Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Occupation of Cape Haitien by Zamor forces fully confirmed. 339
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Smith (telegram). Feb. 26 Same subject. States conditions precedent to recognition, with instructions to convey them to the new Government and report whatever reply is made. 339
[Page XLVIII] Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Feb. 28 Same subject. Reply to instructions of Feb. 26. The Foreign Office declines to give definite replies to inquiries as to customs, gives assurances as to lighthouses and Mole St. Nicholas, and clearly states that all matters in which the United States might be interested would have due consideration after recognition of the new Government by the United States. 340
60 Same to same do Ineffective blockade of Cape Haitien. Refers to his No. 57 of Feb. 20 and reports that the blockade has been lifted. 384
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Smith (telegram). Mar. 1 Political and financial affairs, instruction to recognize the new Government. 341
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 2 Same subject. Refers to last statement in his Feb. 28 and instructs him to say that this Government desires prompt signing of the protocol of arbitration, and issuance of instructions to vise passports of American citizens of Syrian origin naturalized prior to anti-Syrian law of 1903. 341
Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 3 Same subject. Reply to Department’s Mar. 1. He was received formally by President Zamor this day. 341
23 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Smith. Mar. 12 Ineffective blockade of Cape Haitien. Refers to Legation’s No. 57 of Feb. 20. His action approved. 384
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 19 Political and financial affairs. Consul Livingston reports renewal of revolutionary activities by Theodore. He has been requested by both Theodore and the Zamor Government to attempt an arrangement, and asks permission to cooperate with Commander of the Nashville to that end. Mr. Smith adds his recommendation to that, effect. 341
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 20 Same subject. If it is desired by the Government that Livingston interview the revolutionists instructions will be sent therefor to the Commander of the Nashville. 342
Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 22 Same subject. The Government can not formally make the request of the United States referred to in Department’s Mar. 20, but has informally done so. 342
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Smith (telegram). Mar. 31 Same subject. Refers to Department’s Mar. 2 and again calls attention of the Government of Haiti to its previous representations. Instructs him so to state in a memorandum and to urge an immediate reply. 342
Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Apr. 8 Same subject. The department’s instruction of Mar. 31 has been complied with and the Foreign Office has replied to his memorandum, but the reply is not entirely satisfactory as the Minister is avoiding all foreign affairs as far as possible owing to domestic situation.
Mr. Terres to Mr. Bryan (telegram). May 10 Same subject. Refers to Legation’s Mar. 22. Consul Livingston has been authorized to cooperate with the Bishop of Cape Haitien in an effort to conciliate the revolutionists. 343
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Terres (telegram). May 18 Same subject. Instruction to inform Livingston to proceed with the Bishop and employ his good offices with a view to making peace between the Government and the revolutionists. 344
231 Mr. Livingston to Mr. Bryan. May 26 Same subject. Report on his interview with the revolutionists and that of the Bishop; both were unsuccessful. The revolutionists are openly aided by the Dominicans. 344
88 Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan June 9 Same subject. Reports an internal loan equal to about. $312,500. Owing to the serious lack of funds it is not unlikely that Haiti will soon appeal to the United States for relief. 345
Mr. Livingston to Mr. Bryan (telegram). June 19 Same subject. Reports active operations oi the revolutionists; warship necessary. 346
Mr. Smith to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Jun e 20 Same subject. President Zamor will go to the front to-morrow; in his absence the Government will be in the hands of a commission acting in conjunction with the Cabinet. 347
Same to same (telegram). June 22 Same subject. Reports movement of troops and 347
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Smith (telegram). June 25 Same subject. A United States vessel will arrive at Cape Haitien about the 29th. 347
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Livingston. June 26 Same subject. His No. 231 of May 26 approved. 347
[Page XLIX] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Blanchard. 1914 July 2 Same subject. Incloses copy of a draft convention between the United States and Haiti, with instructions to ascertain the views of the Government thereon. 347
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Terres (telegram). July 9 Same subject. Informs him of movements of vessels. 351
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). July 20 Same subject. Reports fighting at Port au Prince and Cape Haitien. 351
Mr.Hazeltme to Mr. Bryan. July 30 Same subject. Report on the political and financial situation. 351
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan. Sept. 5 Same subject. Reports military successes and critical financial situation of the Government. 352
Same to same (telegram). Oct. 1 Same subject. Reports protest of National Bank of Haiti against bill for issue of paper money to 12,000,000 gourdes, as a violation of Government contract with Bank; the Government makes countercharges. 353
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). Oct. 7 Same subject. The Department regrets the differences between the Government and the Bank, makes certain suggestions in regard to the disposition of funds, and instructs him to bring them to the attention of the Government and ask for its views thereon. 353
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Oct. 19 Same subject. Political situation makes presence of a war vessel desirable. 354
Mr. Czaykowski to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports the Zamor Government fallen in the north. 354
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Oct. 29 Same subject. Reports flight of President Zamor and the capital in complete possession of the revolutionists. Presence of war vessels urgent. 354
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). do Same subject. Informs him of the sending of certain war vessels. The Department is contemplating a convention with Haiti along the lines of its instruction of July 2. Instruction to protect Charles Zamor and his restoration to his official functions 355
Same to same (telegram). Oct. 30 Same subject. Refers to his Oct. 29 and Department’s Oct. 29. Instruction concerning protection of American life and property and to impress on the Government the purpose of this Government to take such stance as may be necessary to this end. 355
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports compliance with the instruction of Oct. 29. President Zamor has resigned. 356
Mr. Lansing Mr. Blanchard (telegram). Do Same subject. Refers to his Oct. 29. instruction that when the de facto government is fully established the Department contemplates conversations looking toward a customs convention and a free election under supervision of United States commissioners. 356
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. President Zamor and family have sailed. Charles Zamor and other ministers are refugees at French Legation. Military news. 357
Same to same (telegram). Nov. 3 Protection of Haitian officials and their families by American diplomatic and consular officers. The French Minister requests removal of Charles Zamor and former Acting Minister of the Interior Delancourt, refugees at the French Legation, to the Hancock. This is not possible under our regulations; but, Commander Willard approving, arrangements have been made for calling for assistance from American Legation in case of attack on refugees. 386
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). Nov. 4 Same subject. His Nov. 3 approved. He is authorized to take all measures necessary for the protection of Charles Zamor and Cabinet. 386
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject and purport 386
17 Same to same do Political and financial affairs. Incloses, for his information, a memorandum outlining a plan of provisional government for Haiti which this Government would be willing to recognize and support, and warning those concerned that present hostilities must cease and some such procedure adopted as the one outlined, in order to restore constitutional government. 357
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Nov. 6 Same subject. Refers to Department’s Oct. 30. Reports arrival of victorious revolutionist chief, Theodore, welcomed with presidential honors. 358
[Page L] Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Nov. 7 Same subject. Reports election of Theodore to the Presidency. 359
Same to same (telegram). Nov. 10 Same subject. President Theodore inaugurated this morning. 359
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). Nov. 12 Same subject. Refers to his Nov. 7 and previous correspondence; instructs him of the terms upon which recognition of Theodore as Provisional President. 359
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Nov. 13 Same subject. Refers to his Nov. 7 and Department’s Nov. 12. Theodore was regularly elected. Asks if this is sufficient warrant for executing instructions of Nov. 12. 359
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). Nov. 16 Same subject. Refers to his Nov. 13. Department desires him to carry out the instructions of Nov. 12, adding thereto a sixth condition precedent to recognition of Theodore. 360
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Nov. 18 Same subject. Reports compliance with Department’s instructions of Nov. 12 and Nov. 16. Theodore insists on recognition not as Provisional President but as President. Recommends such recognition. 360
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). Nov. 21 Same subject. Refers to his Nov. 18. This Government will not recognize Theodore as President until after arrival in Washington of the commission stipulated in Department’s Nov. 12 and Nov. 16, with satisfactory credentials. 360
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Nov. 24 Same subject. Reports introduction of bill for issue of 16,000,000 gourdes of paper money. 361
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). do Same subject. In order that there may be no misconstruction of Department’s Nov. 21, instructs him that this Government will recognize Theodore as President as soon as the Haitian commission has signed satisfactory protocol covering all matters. 361
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Nov. 25 Same subject. Before receipt of Department’s Nov. 24, he had complied with the instructions of Nov. 21 and had received satisfactory assurances. In view thereof, he requests further instructions in regard to the later telegram. 361
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). Nov. 27 Same subject. Refers to his Nov. 24 and instructs him to endeavor to discourage the proposed issue of paper money, which is a matter that should be taken up by the commission to be appointed. The Bank of Haiti will refuse to receive the proposed issue. 362
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). Nov. 28 Same subject. Refers to his Nov. 25. Instructs him to inform Theodore that he is ready to use his good offices with the Bank to facilitate the expenses of the commission and those of the Government during the sessions of the commission. Department’s Nov. 24 was drafted to prevent any possible bad faith on the part of Theodore. 362
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Dec. 1 Same subject. Refers to Department’s Nov. 28 and Nov. 24. Requests to be instructed whether to proceed according to Department’s Nov. 21 or Nov. 24 362
Same to same (telegram). Dec. 2 Same subject. Refers to Department’s Nov. 27. The Minister of Foreign Affairs alleges the need for the paper money issue because the Government is without funds and is unable to place a loan. 363
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to Department’s Nov. 28 and Dec. 1. The Haitian Government finds it impossible to empower its commission to negotiate the customs matter as Department desires and has prepared a counterproject in regard to financial control. Suggests reception of the commission without, the Department’s stipulations but with strict understanding as to time of recognition. 363
Same to same (telegram). Dec. 4 Same subject. Reports violent scene in the Congress upon interpellation of the Minister for Foreign Affairs. 363
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). do Same subject Refers to his Dec. 2. instructs to inform Theodore that an issue of paper money at this time might compel the Department to cancel its offer as to good offices with the Bank, contained in Department’s Nov. 28. 364
[Page LI] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). 1914. Dec. 4 Same subject. Refers to his Dec. 1 and Dec. 2, and instructs him to proceed in conformity with Department’s Nov. 24 and inform Theodore that this Government will extend provisional recognition upon appointment of a commission in accordance with Department’s Nov. 12 and Nov. 16; that the Department is ready at the same time to use its good offices with the Bank in accordance with its Nov. 28; that formal recognition of Theodore as President will be extended only after the commission has signed satisfactory protocols at Washington in accordance with Department’s Nov. 24. Instructs him to report whether or not additional naval forces are desired. 364
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Dec. 7 Same subject. Has just received Department’s first Dec. 4. Requests instruction as to his Dec. 1 and Dec. 2. 364
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to his Dec. 2. Instructs him that this Government will not regard as legal any issue of paper money such as he proposes. His French and German colleagues may be so informed 365
Mr. Wehrhane to Mr. Bryan. Dec. 8 Same subject. Incloses telegram with request that it be sent to the office of the National Bank of Haiti, ordering preparation of $110,000 gold for shipment on U.S. warship. 365
Same to same (telegram). Dec. 10 Same subject. Transmits substitute for the telegram inclosed in letter of Dec. 8. 366
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). do Same subject. Transmits Mr. Wehrhane’s telegram with instruction to deliver it to the National Bank of Haiti. 366
Mr. Wehrhane to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Dec. 11 Same subject. Transmits telegram for forwarding to the Bank authorizing it to deliver the gold to the captain of the U. S. S. Machias. 366
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). Dec. 12 Same subject. Instruction to transmit to the Bank the telegram transmitted by Mr. Wehrhane in his Dec. 11. 366
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs him in full in regard to this Government’s attitude toward Haiti’s financial matters and the question of recognition of Theodore as President; it will be necessary for this Government to have full information as to the fiscal standing and general plans of Theodore’s government. 367
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. The cause of the interpellation of the Minister for Foreign Affairs reported in Ins Dec. 4 was the reading in Congress of the draft of our convention for customs control and of the counterproject. Reports more fully on the matters treated in recent telegrams and summarizes the Haitian counterproject. Reports further progress of the bill for the issue of 16.000.000 paper money. 367
Same to same (telegram). Dec. 14 Same subject. Transmits message for Wehrhane from the Bank, saying transportation of the gold from the vaults to the wharf is dangerous on account of public excitement. 369
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). Dec. 15 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing. Instruction to request commanding officer of the Hancock to land as many marines as necessary to escort the gold from the Bank to the Machias. 369
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. The new Minister for Foreign Affairs states that he had no knowledge of the counter-project of his predecessor; summary of the Minister’s reply to the various points of Department’s Nov. 12. Instructions requested. 369
Same to same (telegram). Dec. 18 Same subject. Reports embarkation of the gold by unarmed marines. Machias has sailed. 370
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). Dec. 19 Same subject. Reply to his Dec. 12 and Dec. 15. Full statement of the position of the United States as to the terms necessary to recognition of Theodore as President. More explicit information as to the intentions of the Government must be submitted. 370
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Dec. 21 Same subject. Department’s Dec. 12 complied with. 371
Bryan (telegram). Mr. Menos to Mr. Bryan. Dec. 22 Same subject. Protest of the Haitian Government against the action of the United States in extending its aid to the Bank of Haiti in the shipment of gold to New York. 371
[Page LII] Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Dec. 22 Same subject. Transmits text of Foreign Office protest against gold shipment; requests instruction. 372
23 Same to same Dec. 24 Same subject. Refers to his Dec. 2 and 12; reports compliance with instruction of Dec. 7; incloses Foreign Office reply. 373
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. A bill for the issue of 8,000,000 gourdes, paper money, has been promulgated. 375
24 Same to same Dec. 28 Same subject. Incloses copy of his personal and unofficial note to the Foreign Minister in pursuance of the instruction of Dec. 12; incloses also the Minister’s reply in official form. 376
Mr. Ménos to Mr. Bryan Dec. Same subject. Further statement in regard to the relations between the Bank and the Government. 377
25 Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan. 29 Dec. 30 Same subject. Incloses a further statement by the Foreign Office as to the gold removed from the bank. 378
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). do Same subject. Transmits telegram from Vice President Wehrhane of the National Bank of Haiti to the President of Haiti; instructions to impart its contents verbally to the Haitian Minister of Finance. 379
2 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Menos Dec. 31 Same subject. Reply to his Dec. 22 380
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Wehrhane (telegram). do Same subject. Transmits telegram from Bank of Haiti to its Vice President in New York, Wehrhane, stating that Haitian authorities took from the bank’s vaults $65,000. 381
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Transmits paraphrase of a telegram to him from the Bank of Haiti, reporting sealing of safes by the Government; suspension compulsory; desires to know whether the Bank shall be closed. 382
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs him to protest against any interference with the Bank by the Government, it being owned and operated by American and other foreigners; this Government is deeply concerned over reports as to Haiti’s arbitrary dealing with foreign interests. 382

honduras.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
3 Mr. E wing to Mr. Bryan 1914 Jan. 24 Message of the President to the Congress. Transmits copies of the message of President Bertrand read Jan. 1, 1914. 387

italy.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
173 Mr. Root to Mr. White 1907. Feb. 11 Status of native or naturalized American citizens of Italian parentage. Instruction to open negotiations for a naturalization convention; argument for such a convention. 389
82 Mr. Griscom to Mr. Root June 5 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing, inclosing his note of May 25 to the Foreign Office; its favorable reception. 393
47 Mr. Adee to Mr. Griscom June 29 Same subject. Acknowledges the foregoing; instruction to express to the Foreign Office this Government’s gratification with the reception of its proposal. 394
389 Mr. Griscom to Mr. Root 1908. June 19 Same subject. Refers to Department’s Feb. 11, 1907, No. 173; incloses reply of Foreign Office to his note of May 25, 1907; summary thereof; the Italian Government intends to settle the matter by amending the Italian law rather than by entering into a convention. 394
185 Mr. Adee to Mr. Garrett Aug. 1 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing; it is hoped the proposed legislation will clear up the present confusion. 396
185 Mr. Knox to Mr. Leishman. 1911. Apr. 6 Same subject. Refers to the 1907–8 correspondence and inquires whether or not the proposed legislation has been enacted; instructs him in his discretion again to urge the conclusion of a treaty, using the arguments set forth in the instruction of Feb. 11, 1907. 396
446 Mr. Leishman to Mr. Knox. Sept. 15 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing; incloses correspondence with the Foreign Office, which confirms its former position; but the legislation has not yet been enacted. 397
[Page LIII]139 Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Brien. 1913. May 26 Same subject. Incloses copy of its circular of 1901 entitled “Notice to Americans formerly subjects of Italy who contemplate returning to that country,” and a letter to the Department stating that the Italian military law has recently been changed as to age limit; instruction to ascertain the true age limit. 398
254 Mr. O’Brien to Mr. Bryan. June 11 398
143 Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Brien. July 15 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing; makes further inquiries as to age limit. 399
17 Nov. 4 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing; incloses Embassy’s memorandum to the Foreign Office on the subject, and the latter’s commentaries thereon, showing the age limits to be 16 and 32. 399
18 Dec. 19 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing; incloses proposed amendment to the 1901 circular; inquires whether it appears to be correct and fairly comprehensive. 401
52 1914. Jan. 5 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing; the proposed amendment appears to be comprehensive and correct. Inquiries whether he shall sound the Foreign Office in regard to the possibility of concluding a naturalization convention with Italy similar to the Convention of 1870 with Austria-Hungary. 402
Apr. 15 Arbitration agreement between the United States and Italy extending the duration of the Convention of March 28. 1908. Proclamation. 388
65 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Page June 19 Status of native or naturalized American citizens of Italian parentage. Refers to the inquiry in his No. 52 of Jan. 5 regarding a naturalization convention, in which connection Department incloses copy of a letter in reply to an inquiry on that subject from the Hon. Charles B. Smith regarding a proposed resolution by Congress asking the Department to negotiate for such a convention. Preliminary to negotiations the Department desires information as to changes, if any, that have been made in Italian law since the correspondence of 1911 which would apparently make such a treaty more feasible than before 402 \
10 Mr. Shank to Mr. Bryan Sept. 2 Same subject. The emigration authorities say that children born abroad of Italian parents are Italians unless the parents had become naturalized prior to the birth of the child; otherwise they are liable to military duty. The principle of dual nationality is here involved. Case of Macaluso. Another case, in which the father became naturalized while the son was a minor. Nearly all naturalized Italian-Americans are detained for military duty, even when they have been previously excused. He has protested against detention of native-born citizens. 404
142 Mr. Page to Mr. Bryan Sept. 9 Same subject. Reply to Department’s No. 65 of June 19, in pursuance of which he addressed a note, on July 3, to the Foreign Office, which replies, July 30, that the new law was approved June 13, 1912, and regulations for its application were promulgated Aug. 2, 1912; the law abrogates all previous citizenship laws and provides that “loss of nationality does not exempt from military service except as provided by special laws.” By this exception Italy reserves the right to negotiate treaties of naturalization with other countries in which the fact of the foreign naturalization of an Italian subject operates so as to exempt him from military service. It would therefore appear opportune to introduce legislation with a view to opening negotiations for a naturalization treaty with Italy. 405
247 Same to same Sept. 15 Same subject. Reports the cases of three naturalized American citizens, all clergymen, Carra, Danchise, and Cassetta; and the case of Spediacci, American-born, whose father was naturalized before the son’s birth—all indiscriminately held for military service. Other cases are constantly being presented; the Embassy has replied that it is powerless to help them; a naturalization convention should apparently be negotiated at the first opportunity. 406
[Page LIV]30 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Pag (telegram). 1914. Sept. 21 Same subject. Instruction to ask the Italian Government that arrangements be made for the release with permission to return to the United States of the numerous naturalized American citizens o Italian birth who are domiciled in the United States and are now visiting Italy; to cite the expatriation act of 1907 and the naturalization act of 1906; to mention the case of Ciappone. 407
14 Mr. Page to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Sept. 22 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing. He ha pressed the matter repeatedly without receiving other reply than verbal promise to investigate. Refers to his No. 247 of Sept. 15. 407
79 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Page Sept 23 Same subject. Instruction to make a special appeal in behalf of the Reydominic Cassetta. 407
34 Mr. Page to Mr. Bryar (telegram). Oct. 2 Same subject. Further reply to Department’s telegram No. 30 of Sept. 21; he has repeatedly written to the Foreign Office and made personal visits without reply or other result than promise to consider in one case only. Requests instructions. 408
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Smith. Oct. 5 Same subject. Reply to his proposal to introduce in Congress a resolution looking to the negotiator of a naturalization treaty with Italy; quotes Mr Page’s 142 of Sept. 9. 408
51 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Page (telegram). Oct. 6 Same subject. Reply to his telegram 34 of Oct. 2 all that he can do, in the absence of a naturalization treaty, is to express earnestly this Government’s interest in persons concerned and its desire for their release. 409
81 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Page Oct. 7 Same subject. Reply to his No. 247 of Sept. 15; the Department does not regard the present as a favorable time to approach the Italian Government on the subject of a naturalization treaty. 409
38 Mr. Page to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Oct. 8 Same subject. Reply to Department’s telegram 3C of Sept. 21; the War Office requests certain information concerning Ciappone. The Government finds it very difficult officially to permit subjects with naturalization in America, to escape military service without granting similar privileges to certain other countries. 409
9 Mr. Lansing to Mr Shank. Oct. 14 Same subject Reply to his No.10 of Sept. 2; his action as therein reported is approved, and similar action should be taken wherever it is clear that the persons concerned are domiciled in the United States and have made practical election of American rather than Italian nationality. However, in the absence of a naturalization treaty, this Government is not in a position to press the matter where the Italian Government is unwilling to recognize the persons as American citizens. 409
60 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Page. Oct. 14 Same subject. Reply to his telegram 38 of Oct. 8; the Department is endeavoring to obtain the desired information. 410
162 Mr. Page to Mr. Bryan Oct. 14 Same subject. Reply to Department’s No. 79 of Sept. 23; reports his repeated efforts in behalf of naturalized American citizens of Italian birth; the Government shows some willingness to respond in certain cases, but must have specific information in each case. Again urges negotiations for a naturalization treaty. 410
177 Nov. 3 Same subject. Reply to Department’s 81 of Oct. 7; submits facts that may show the present a favorable time negotiating a treaty 411
93 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Page Nov. 20 Same subject. Reply to his No. 162 of Oct. 14; instructs him to forward copies of all correspondence with the Italian Government relating to naturalized American citizens of Italian origin who are held as subject to Italian military regulations. The Department’s views coincide with Mr. Page’s as to the desirability of a naturalization treaty; in this connection his attention is called to Department’s instruction No. 65 of June 19, 1914. 412
221 Mr. Page to Mr. Bryan Dec. 14 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing; incloses copies of all correspondence requested, and also that relating to certain native-born citizens. Reports interviews at the Foreign Office from which he concludes that, in view of new conditions, the present may not be a favorable time for urging treaty negotiations. 412
[Page LV]

japan.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
29 Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Bryan. 1913. Apr. 25 Abolition of foreign settlements in Chosen. Transmits original of final protocol. 434
21 Mr. Moore to Mr. Blanchard July 11 Same subject. The protocol is acceptable. Commendation of the Consul General at Seoul. 436
56 Mr. Guthrie to Mr. Bryan. 1914. Mar. 26 Same subject. Incloses notes approving protocol 437
57 Same to same. Mar. 27 Same subject. Incloses Foreign Office note saying the ordinances will be put into effect Apr. 1. 438
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Apr. 1 Same subject. The foreign settlements were abolished on Apr. 1. 439
Department of State to Japanese Embassy. May 9 Arbitration agreement. Memorandum regarding the termination of the convention of 1908 and the retroactivity of the agreement of 1913. 425
May 26 Same subject. Proclamation of the agreement 424
Mr. Chinda to Mr. Bryan. June 10 Protest of Japan against certain land laws of the State of California. Telegram from the Japanese Foreign Office to the Japanese Ambassador, dated June 9, 1914, and delivered to the Secretary of State by the Ambassador, June 10. Japan is not Inclined to continue negotiations for a conventional settlement; prefers to recur to the correspondence interrupted by these negotiations, and therefore now looks for an answer to its note of Aug. 26, 1913. In view of the failure of the negotiations for a convention, the Japanese Government desires to make public the correspondence on the subject. 426
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Chinda. June 23 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing. This Government defers to the wish of the Japanese Government to end the negotiations for a conventional settlement; the Japanese Government should now submit a detailed answer to this Government’s note and aide memoire of July 16, 1913, which it considers substantially unanswered by the communication of Aug. 26, 1913. As the legislation complained of rests upon an economic basis, this Government regrets that Japan lays so much emphasis on racial discrimination. 427
Mr. Chinda to Mr. Bryan. Nov. 25 Same subject. Reply to the Department’s June 23, 1914, and note and aide memoire of July 16, 1913. Reasserts that the California statute is racially discriminatory; denies that it is based on economic considerations; asserts that if so based it would still be discriminatory; regrets that this Government has not yet fundamentally answered the main complaint of Japan that said statute is contrary to the letter and spirit of the existing treaty; reasserts that the diplomatic channel is the only proper one, and that previous to a renewal of negotiations for a treaty the present situation in California should be ameliorated. 428

liberia.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
178 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Page (telegram). Sept. 22 Financial affairs. Instructs to forward telegram to the American Minister at Monrovia, asking for report on effect of European war on conditions in Liberia. 440
Mr. Buckner to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Sept. 24 Same subject. Reports financial condition in Liberia serious; effect of European war. 440
Mr. Lansing to Messrs. Kuhn, Loeb & Co. Sept. 25 Same subject. Transmits Minister Buckner’s telegram with reference to serious financial conditions in Liberia. Requests suggestions for relief. 440
Messrs. Kuhn. Loeb & Co. to Mr. Lansing. Sept. 29 Same subject. Under existing conditions, impossible to arrange a loan to Liberia. 441
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Buckner (telegram). Sept. 30 Same subject. Cable definite information regarding condition American missionaries; also needs of Liberians. 441
Mr. Buckner to Mr. Bryan (telegram) Oct. 3 Same subject. Reports on condition of missionaries and immigrants. 441
Same to same (telegram). Nov. 28 Same subject. New York bankers refuse loan. Can anything be done to prevent default in November interest? 441
Mr. Lansing to Kuhn, Loeb & Co. (telegram). Nov. 30 Same subject. Transmits the foregoing and requests assistance for Liberia. 442
Kuhn, Loeb & Co. to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 2 Same subject. Under present conditions not possible to arrange any loan to Liberia. 442
[Page LVI]

mexico.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr Simpich to Mr. Bryan. 1913. Apr. 5 Taxation of American citizens. Reports Constitutionalists collecting taxes; possibility of second collection by Federals; Americans helpless. 730
230 Mr. Bowman to Mr. Bryan. Apr. 12 Same subject. Reports confusion as to proper authority for collection of mining tax; requests instruction. 731
Mr. Moore to Mr. Simpich (telegram). Apr. 126 Same subject. Taxes mentioned in his Apr. 5 should be paid under protest; file protest where possible and secure receipt. 732
201 Mr. Moore to Mr. Wilson (telegram) do Same subject. Quotes the foregoing; instruction to bring the matter before the Foreign Office. 733
1935 5 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bryan. Apr. 29 Same subject. Reports compliance with above instruction. 733
Mr. Carr to Mr. Bowman Apr. 30 Same subject. Reply to his 230. 733
103 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hanna May 12 Forced loans imposed on American citizens. Instruction to protest to Constitutionalist authorities against compulsory contribution of $2,500 by San Luis Mining Co. of San Dimas. 758
Mr. Schmutz to Mr. Bryan. June 12 Same subject. List of forced loans levied at Zacatecas by Gen Natera. 759
1375 Mr. Moore to Mr. O’Shaughnessy. July 21 Same subject. Forwards report by Consul Bonney of forced loans levied at San Luis Potosi by rebels, with instruction to request adequate protection. 759
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Aug. 17 Same subject. Informs him of threatened forced 761
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher. Aug. 20 loans at Parral. Same subject. Instructions in regard to the fore 761
Mr. Blocker to Mr. Bryan (telegram) Aug. 22 Same subject. A $50,000 forced loan demanded by Jesus Carranza of Agujita Mining Co. at Ciudad Porfirio Diaz. 761
Mr. E. C. Bryan to Mr. W. J. Bryan (telegram). Aug. 23 Same subject. Offers his services in delivering messages to consul and others at Parral. 761
Mr. W. J. Bryan to Mr. E. C. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Thanks for his Aug. 21; requests him to say to Parral military authority that this Government will hold him personally responsible for all injuries to American and other foreigners, and to forward reply and other data. 762
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. Aug. 31 Protection of British interests. Asks that American officials in Mexico inform all foreigners alike when intimation of events likely to affect their safety is received. 838
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Sept. 18 Forced loans. Reports indications of an impending general demand on foreigners for forced loans in the form of purchase of government bonds. 762
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Miller (telegram). Sept. 24 Same subject. Instruction to protest against demand outlined in the foregoing. 762
Mr. Osborne to Mr. Spring Rice. Sept. 29 Protection of British interests. Instructions in the sense indicated by his note of August 31 have been given to American consuls in Mexico. The transport Buford will furnish transportation to any foreigner desiring to leave Mexico. 839
523 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Oct. 1 Forced loans. A movement is on foot to raise a loan from the petroleum interests under threat of expropriation. 762
Mr. Alger to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Oct. 6 Same subject. Gen. Buelna demands $8,000 from Rosario Mining Co. at Mazatlan. 763
Mr. Moore to Mr. Alger (telegram). Oct. 8 Same subject. Instruction to protest informally as to the foregoing. 763
564 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan. Oct. 18 Protection of British interests. The German Minister asks good offices for release of forty Germans held at Torreon. Other foreigners refused release are seven Englishmen, forty Frenchmen, and a great number of Spaniards and Italians. 839
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman. Oct. 19 Same subject. Asks that steps be taken for release of all foreigners held at Torreon. 840
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Forced loans. Forced loan expected at Monterey; he and the British Consul will recommend to foreigners not to acquiesce. 763
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Simpich. Oct. 23 Protection of British interests. Say to Carranza it is hoped that orders will be issued for the liberation and protection of all foreigners at Torreon. 840
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hanna (telegram). Oct. 24 Forced loans. Instruction to send Department details before making recommendation. 763
[Page LVII] Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1913. Nov. 17 Same subject. An American manager of an American company has been ordered to send at once $10,000 to military headquarters. States reasons for opposing such demands: requests instructions. 763
Same to same (telegram). Nov. 18 Same subject. Reports other demands. He will protest, on the basis of general consular instructions. 764
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Nov. 19 Same subject. Huasteca Oil Co. assessed $100,000 by Gen. Aguilar, Tampico. 764
The British Embassy to the Department of State. do Protection of British interests. Asks to be informed of any steps which this government might contemplate taking which might result in danger to British subjects and other foreigners. 841
Same to same (telegram). Nov. 20 Forced loans. Gen. Aguilar is sending reply to Mr. Miller’s protest against forced loan demanded of Huasteca Co., which has been allowed to resume operations pending conclusion of negotiations. He has advised various companies not to pay. Requests instructions. 764
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hanna (telegram). Nov. 21 Same subject. Reply to his Nov. 17 and 18; instruction to make protest, but see Department’s Oct. 24. 764
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Simpich (telegram). Nov. 22 Same subject. Mexican Petroleum Co. and Huasteca Petroleum Co. have had $100,000 demanded of them by Gen. Aguilar. Bring this to Carranza’s attention and informally request issuance of order to withdraw demand and cease molesting these companies. 765
558 Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). Nov. 24 Political affairs. Outlines purposes of this Government in Mexico. 443
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Miller (telegram). Nov. 25 Forced loans imposed on American citizens. Reply to his Nov. 20. Continue to protest. Advise persons compelled to comply with demands to obtain receipts. 765
Mr. Simpich to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to Department’s Nov. 22; forwards reply of Carranza’s Foreign Office to his protest. 765
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. Dec. 3 Protection of British interests. Property of Richard Keays, British subject, and that of other foreigners in district of Juarez, Chihuahua, in danger. Asks protection. 841
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Simpich (telegram). Dec. 6 Same subject. Directed to ask protection of property of Richard Keays and other foreigners in Juarez. 841
638 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Forced loans. The Governor of Smaloa has assessed illegal taxes with penalty of confiscation for nonpayment; details. 766
Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). Dec. 8 Same subject. Instruction to bring to attention of authorities any illegal procedure in Sinaloa as to taxes. 766
580 Same to same (telegram) Dec. 12 Same subject. The Consul at Mazatian reports reduction of tax mentioned in the foregoing. 767
Mr. Taylor to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Same subject. Exorbitant tax levied at Guaymas. Requests instructions as to application of the Treaty of 1831. 767
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Taylor (telegram). Dec. 13 Same subject The Treaty of 1831 not in force; instruction to report discrimination against foreigners. 767
691 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram) Dec. 15 Same subject. Refers to his 638 of Dec. 6 and reports action taken, reduction of taxes and satisfaction of diplomatic corps. 767
289 Mr. Guyant to Mr. Bryan Dec. 29 Protection of Chinese. Chinese merchants in fear of forced loans make formal request for protection of consulate. 896
Mr. Moore to Mr. Simpich (telegram). 1914. Jan. 3 Protection of British interests. Directed to request return of cattle of Richard Keays seized by Villa, and ask that he be permitted to pass them out of Mexico. 841
Mr. Willard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of Spanish interests. Quotes telegram received by Prime Minister regarding expulsion of Spaniards and requesting protection. Spanish Minister for Foreign Affairs renews request for protection. 784
Mr Moore to Mr. Willard (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs him to inform the foreign Office of steps taken to protect Spanish subjects in Mexico. 785
Mr. Moore to Mr. Hostetter (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs him to extend protection to Spanish subjects in his district, to make representations to authorities, and to report result of representations. (Mutatis mutandis to Am. Consul at Chihuahua.) 785
[Page LVIII]986 Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan 1914. Jan. 5 Protection of Chinese. Quotes note from Chinese Legation in Mexico City expressing thanks for protection afforded Chinese during bombardment of Tamnico. 896
Same to same (telegram). Jan. 6 Same subject. Investigation is being made of reported maltreatment by Federals at American ranch at Colonia of American named Fisher and others. Believed that Chinese cook will be executed. 896
Mr. Willard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of Spanish interests. Reports conversation with King of Spain concerning killing of two Spanish subjects and other outrages by revolutionists as well as killing of two Japanese. Energetic measures by Am. Government requested. 785
Mr. Riaño to Mr. Moore Jan. 7 Same subject. Requests intervention of Department to prevent confiscation of the mine “El De sengano,” the property of two Spaniards, two Mexicans, and one American, at Guanaceyi Durango. 786
Mr. Moore to Mr. Hamm (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs him to use good offices to secure protection of the mine “El Desengaño.” (Same to Vice Consul a Nogales.) 786
Mr. Moore to Mr. Letcher (telegram). Jan. 8 Same subject. Instructs him to investigate and re port concerning killing of two Spanish subjects near Chihuahua and action, if any, taken by authorities. 787
Mr. Moore to Mr. Willard (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs him to inform the King of contents of Department’s telegram of Jan. 5. Constitutionalist leaders are investigating complaint of mistreatment of Spaniards at Parral. 768
Mr. Guyant to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Forced loans imposed on American citizens. Asks whether he shall advise American and Chinese merchants to refuse payment in expected attempt to collect forced loans. 768
Mr. Moore to Mr. Guyant (telegram). Jan. 9 Same subject. Directs urgent protest against any attempt to exact forced loans from foreigners. If exacted, foreigners should pay under protest, making protest matter of record, and secure receipts. 768
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Federal authorities collect $70,00C (Mex.) from business men and foreign companies at Tuxpam. 768
Mr. Alger to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of Spanish interests. Requests interpretation as to meaning of all proper protection to property of foreigners. 787
720 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of German interests. Says German Minister has called concerning protection of foreigners at Tepic where trouble is anticipated. Suggests war vessel at San Blas. 884
Mr. Moore to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). Jan. 10 Same subject. Says Navy Department has issued appropriate instructions regarding situation at Tepic 884
Mr. Moore to Mr. Carothers (telegram) do Protection of Spanish interests. Informs him of threatened confiscation of the mine El Desengano and instructs him to represent to Villa the increasing number of complaints coming to Department from foreign governments with requests for protection. 787
Mr. Edwards to Mr. Bryan. (telegram). Jan. 12 Forced loans imposed on American citizens. Forced loans made at Acapulco. 768
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Johnson (telegram) do Protection of Chinese. Directs protest against execution of Chinese cook. 897
Mr. Davis to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Jan. 14 Forced loans imposed on American citizens. Legislature of Michoacan has decreed forced loan. Americans ask if they have to comnly. 769
610 Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). do Same subject. Directs appropriate representations regarding American interests in Acapulco. 769
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Alger (telegram). Do Protection oi Spanish interests. Refers to his telegram of Jan. 9 and instructs him to extend same protection to other foreigners as to Americans. 788
Mr. Willard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Minister for Foreign Affairs requests cooperation of American Consuls in Mexico with Spanish Secretary of Legation, who is to investigate condition of Spaniards at various places. 788
same to same telegram do same subject. States Minister for Foreign Affairs is sending Secretary of Legation Cardenas at Habana to El Paso to investigate and render assistance to Spaniards at Chihuahua. Minister for Foreign Affairs desires that Cardenas communicate direct and communicate with American Consuls there. 788
[Page LIX] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). 1914. Jan. 15 Same subject. Informs him of Secretary of Legation Cardenas’s mission to El Paso and points in Mexico. Directs extension of courtesies and asks information for purpose of directing American consular officers to facilitate mission. 788
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Davis (telegram). do Forced loans imposed on American citizens. Directs formal protest if attempt to impose forced loan is made. If attempt persisted in, payment should be made under protest, protest being made of record, and receipt taken for amounts paid. 769
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Willard (telegram). Jan. 16 Protection of Spanish interests. Informs him that appropriate Consuls have been suitably instructed 789
Mr. Stadden to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Jan. 19 Forced loans imposed on American citizens. Governor of Colima calls meeting for purpose of demanding money. 769
Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Jan. 20 Same subject. Consul at Progreso reports forced 770
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Stadden (telegram). Jan. 21 loan on Mexicans and foreigners. Same subject. Outlines course to be followed if attempt to force loan is persisted in. 770
618 Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). do Same subject. Outlines course to be followed by Consul at Progreso if authorities persist in attempt to force loan. 770
Mr. Willard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Protection of Spanish interests. Minister for Foreign Affairs extends thanks for assistance rendered by consular officers, and asks that certain Spanish families in El Paso be assisted to return to their homes. 789
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan (telegram) do Same subject. Reports concerning murder of Gonzales brothers at Chihuahua. 789
735 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Jan. 22 Forced loans imposed on American citizens. Many complaints regarding forced loans received. Asks authority to enter formal protest with Mexican de facto government 770
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Willard (telegram). Jan. 23 Protection of Spanish interests. Full instructions have been given American Consuls in Chihuahua. 790
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram). do Same subject. Requests reports on promised investigation of murder of Spanish subjects. Directs informal urging of investigation, if it has not been 790
622 Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). Jan. 24 Forced loans imposed on American citizens. Directs that he present formal protest to central administration against imposition of forced loans upon American citizens. 771
159 Mr. Gracey to Mr. Bryan do same subject. Makes report on political and financial conditions at Progreso. 900
Mr. Garrett to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Jan. 26 Kidnapping of Samuel Cantu, a Mexican, on American territory by Mexican officers. Reports that Cantu was enticed to middle of international bridge, seized on American side, dragged across border, and thrown into prison. Reported that he will be shot. Protest made 900
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Garrett (telegram). Jan. 27 Same subject. If Cantu not already killed inform appropriate authorities this Government demands his immediate return to American side of border. 900
Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). do Same subject. Informs him of kidnapping of Cantu and directs that appropriate authorities be informed of demand of this Government that he be returned to American side of border. 900
Mr. Garrett to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Demand for release of Cantu made. General Quintana replies matter has been referred to his superior from whom orders for release must come suggests demand through Embassy 901
629 Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). Jan 28 Same subject. Informs him of contents of telegram of Jan. 27 from Mr. Garrett, and directs that demand for release be made of appropriate authorities. 901
141 Mr. W. H. Page to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Political affairs. Sir Edward Grey suggests idea that British and other European Governments might be willing to request Huerta to resign, and outlines conditions of resignation. Asks to be informed concerning the President’s feeling in regard to the proposal. 444
Mr. Bryan to Mr. W. H. Page (telegram). Jan. 29 Same subject. Directs that he remind the British Government of the several earnest efforts already made to bring about change of administration at Mexico City acceptable to Huerta, but rejected by him, and to say that any change would be merely substitution of authority and responsibility of the United States. Outlines President’s position and says restrictions on exportation of arms and ammunition to Mexico will be removed. 445
[Page LX] Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Jan. 29 Protection of German interests. Says German Minister complains of depredations suffered by Germans at Tepic through operations of rebels. Asks that matter be brought to attention of Carranza. 885
632 Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). do Kidnapping of Samuel Cantu. As General Quintana’s reply is now taken as a diplomatic refusal, and as it is believed true intention is to execute Cantu, directs that renewed demand for release be made saying that unless demand is complied with, this Government will find it necessary to consider drastic measures in the premises. 901
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Garrett (telegram). do Same subject. Directs renewed demand for release i of CanM. 902
753 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Jan. 30 Same subject. Reports delivery of demand for release of Cantu. Minister of War has telegraphed to Gen. Quintanantana. 902
639 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Shanklin do Forced loans imposed on American citizens. Informs him of complaint of Los Institutos Central y Anglo-Mexicano, at Toluca, concerning forced loan and outlines action to be taken. 772
Mr. Folk to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Jan. 31 Political affairs. In view of President Wilson’s declaration not to recognize as legal or binding anything done by Huerta it is necessary to fix date when he became dictator. According to record it is Oct. 10, 1913; but the matter is one for determination by the President. 446
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Folk do Same subject. The President regards Oct. 10, 1913, as the date when Huerta became dictator; reasons. 446
Mr. Bryan to all Diplomatic Missions (circular telegram). do Same subject. Outlines attitude of this Government toward Mexico. 446
756 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hostetter (telegram) do Protection of German interests. Quotes telegram of Jan. 29, from Mr. O’Shaughnessy, and directs that it be brought to the attention of the appropriate authorities with view to remedying situation. 885
Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Kidnapping of Samuel Cantu. Quotes note from Minister for Foreign Affairs saying that orders for release of Cantu have been sent to General Quintana. 902
Mr. Garrett to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Feb. 1 Same subject. Cantu released and brought to Laredo 903
Mr. Hostetter to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of German interests. Reports that Carranza claims German Minister’s charges are absurd, as life and property of all foreigners is respected if they remain neutral. (Communicated to Mr. O’Shaughnessy Feb. 2, 1914.) 885
235 Mr. Garrett to Mr. Bryan Feb. 2 Kidnapping of Samuel Cantu. Makes full report in the case. 903
182 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Guyant Feb. 3 Protection of Chinese. Directs protection of lives and property of Chinese in his district. 897
Proclamation by the President. do Political affairs. Revokes Proclamation of Mar. 14, 1912, prohibiting the exportation of arms or munitions of war to Mexico. 447
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hostetter (telegram). Feb. 6 Forced loans imposed on American citizens. Directs protest to Constitutionalists against forced loan on Almada Sugar Refineries Company. (Same to Nogales and Los Mochis.) 772
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Protection of Spanish interests. Instructed to see Villa concerning press report that Spaniards at Torreon will be shown no mercy if they do not leave at once, and to say this Government protests against cruelty to foreigners. 790
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram). Feb. 7 Same subject. In view deep interest manifested by Spanish Government, directs full report concerning murder Gonzalez brothers. 791
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Feb. 8 Same subject. Reports interview with Villa who renews assurances of protection to all foreigners, including Spaniards. Says Terrazas, jr., will not be released but will not be further molested. 791
Mr. Hostetter to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Feb. 9 Same subject. Say Carranza denies press reports regarding treatment of Spaniards by Villa when he gets to Torreon. 791
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Same subject. Directs bringing up of case of Gonzalez brothers when conversing with Villa, and outlines points to be emphasized. 792
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Feb. 12 Same subject. States no investigation made in Gonzalez case, but Acting Governor states brothers executed by military order. 792
[Page LXI] Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy. 1914. Feb. 12 Kidnapping of Samuel Cantu. Encloses copy of dispatch of Feb. 2 from Mr. Garrett and directs that attention of the appropriate authorities be brought to abuses committed by military leaders in Nuevo Laredo with request that action be taken to put stop thereto. Also directs that removal of commander be suggested. 904
Mr. Moore to Mr. Carothers (telegram). Feb. 14 Protection of German interests. Says German Ambassador has inquired concerning treatment to be expected for German subjects at Torreon, and directs that Villa be asked for proper assurances. 886
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports interviewing Villa, and say German Ambassador may be assured protection will be given German subjects at Torreon. (Communicated to German Ambassador Feb. 16.) 886
289 Mr. Simpich to Mr. Bryan. Feb. 19 Protection of Spanish interests. Quotes Carranza’s reply concerning protection of Desengano mine. 793
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Protection of British interests. At request of British Ambassador directs that inquiries be made in regard to William Benton said to have been thrown into jail after discussion with Villa. 842
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Villa says Benton not under arrest, but is suspected of being in plot to kill him. Confident Benton is not dead. 843
Mr. Edwards to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Villa says that Benton is dead. He accuses Benton of attempt to kill him. 843
204 Same to same .Feb. 20 Same subject. Reports interview with Villa concerning death of Benton. 843
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Resolutions adopted at mass meeting demanding investigation of death of Benton. Says that Benton went to Juarez seeking trouble, although warned against making journey, and that after heated discussion and struggle with Villa was placed in guard house. Doubt exists as to after procedure and execution. 844
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). Do Same subject. Directs that copy of Benton sentence be forwarded to Department and copy given to press. 845
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Edwards (telegram). Feb. 21 Same subject. Asks detailed information concerning facts in Benton matter. 845
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Gives brief outline of Benton sentence. 845
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Request to Villa that he deliver Benton’s body to his wife not answered. 846
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Simpich (telegram). do Same subject. Directs that endeavor be made to comply with request of Mrs. Benton that her husband’s body be recovered. 846
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan do Same subject. Encloses original copy of sentence under which Benton was executed. 846
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram). do Same subject. In view of many conflicting reports Department would appreciate signed statement from Villa covering the Benton matter. 846
Mr. Stadden to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Taxation of American citizens in Mexico. Reports enactment of law by the Colima Legislature imposing a war tax. Requests instructions. 734
The British Embassy to the Department of State. Feb. 22 Protection of British interests. Expresses thanks for good offices in the Benton matter, and hopes that a full and impartial inquiry will be made. 847
Mr. Edwards to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Villa refuses to deliver Benton’s body, but promises to mark the grave. 847
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Same subject. Directed to urge upon Villa the necessity of delivering Benton’s body to relatives or friends requesting it, as failure to deliver is being made basis of speculation and bitter criticism. 847
Mr. W. H. Page to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. British Government asks permission for British consul to investigate Benton’s death. 848
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram). Feb. 23 Same subject. Directed to request that Villa give immediate orders for delivery of body of Benton. 848
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Edwards (telegram). do Same subject. Directs that he, with witnesses, make endeavor to view body of Benton, but failing in this, to ascertain exact place of burial and statement concerning condition of body at time of burial. 848
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports that Villa sends message declining to deliver Benton’s body. 849
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram). do Same subject. Points out importance of disinterment and examination of body of Benton, and directs that this be impressed upon authorities. 849
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Simpich (telegram) Feb. 24 Same subject. Directs that unofficial representations be made to Carranza concerning exhumation and delivery of Benton’s body to relatives. 849
[Page LXII] Mr. Edwards to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Feb. 24 Same subject. New officials now at Juarez and unacquainted with Benton matter. They promise to communicate with Villa. 850
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Villa declines to deliver Benton’s body, but is willing that widow and others visit cemetery, where body will be exhumed and then reinterred. 850
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram). do Same subject. Expresses gratification on receipt of assurances that visit to cemetery and exhumation of Benton’s body will be permitted, and directs that Villa be asked to permit two Americans and two British subjects to accompany widow, to whom body should be delivered. 850
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. do Same subject. British Government has directed British Consul at Galveston to make investigation concerning death of Benton and disappearance of two other Englishmen. Asks assistance of American consular officers. 851
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Stadden (telegram). do Taxation. Make formal protest against imposition of war tax on American citizens. 734
Mr. Simpich to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of Chinese. Quotes telegram from Cananea concerning manifestations against foreigners, particularly Chinese. 897
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Simpich (telegram). do Same subject. Directs influence be exerted to prevent hostile action against Chinese or other foreigners, and that asylum be extended when lives in danger. Further directs that they be conducted to American side and cared for if necessary. 898
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram). Feb. 25 Protection of Spanish interests. Directs renewal of effects to have investigation of Gonzalez case. 793
Same to same (telegram). do Protection of British interests. Quotes telegram sent to Mr. Carothers regarding representations to be made to Villa in the Benton matter. 852
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Gives substance of a statement said to have been made by Villa concerning execution of Benton. 852
Mr. Simpich to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Feb. 26 Same subject. Carranza dissatisfied that communications concerning Benton are being addressed to Villa instead of to him. 853
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Telegram from Villa states that he declines to deliver Benton’s body, but is disposed to permit a representative of this Government and one of the British Government together with the family of Benton to view body at Chihuahua. 853
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. (telegram). do Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of copy of Benton Court Martial proceedings and comments thereon. Encloses clipping containing report of Sir Edward Grey’s statement in the House of Commons. 854
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports receipt of reply from Villa, who again declines to deliver body to widow or relatives. Villa offers special train to bring interested parties to Chihuanua from Juarez 854
Mr. Stadden to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Taxation. Quotes correspondence with the Governor of Colima re war tax. 734
Mr. Simpich to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of Chinese. Reports situation at Cananea temporarily relieved, but attitude local authorities toward Chinese does not warrant dependence on promises of protection should situation grow critical. 898
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Lewis (telegram). Feb. 27 Forced loan imposed on American citizens. Requests information concerning report that Carranza demanded forced loan from Americans at Mochis, naming deportation as alternative. 772
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram). do Protection of British interests. Directs that he arrange for special train offered by Villa, and to impress upon him importance of giving full protection to members of party going to view Benton’s body. 855
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Simpich (telegram). do Same subject. Directs that Carranza be informed concerning Department’s procedure in addressing Villa in Benton case prior to addressing him. Asks Carranza’s approval of plans to view Benton’s body 855
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. do Same subject. Sir Edward Grey states that information so far received raises presumption of guilt of Villa in Benton case, and that should guilt be established steps will be taken to secure justice at earliest possible opportunity. 856
[Page LXIII] Mr. Simpich to Mr. Bryan. 1914. Feb. 28 Same subject. Reports receipt of communication from Carranza, who states that representations in Benton case should be addressed to him directly by a representative of the British Government, and that all foreign governments or their representatives should address communications on matters of international character to him. 856
Mr. Moore to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Protection of Spanish interests. Says Spanish Ambassador informs Department Descugano mine confiscated despite Villa’s assurances. 793
Mr. Cobb to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 1 Protection of British interests. Says that commission to view body of Benton is assembled at El Paso, but permission to proceed is being withheld pending authorization from Carranza. 857
Mr. Simpich to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 2 Same subject. Carranza directs Villa that further investigations in Benton case cease for the present, and that he refrain from further discussion of the matter. 858
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram). do Same subject. Directs that he await further instructions before doing anything further in regard to the examination of Benton’s body, and that he show this instruction to Edwards, Cobb, and Carothers. 858
386 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Simpich do Protection of Spanish interests. Acknowledges dispatch 289, discusses question of presentation of claims, and expresses hope that American consular officers will continue to be permitted to use good offices in behalf of other foreigners in territory under control of Carranza.
(This instruction was communicated to the American Embassies at London and Mexico City, to American consuls at Ciudad-Juarez and Chihuahua, and to Mr. Carothers.)
794
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Miller (telegram). do Forced loan imposed on American citizens. Directs protest against forced loan requested of Oil Fields of Mexico Company. 773
The British Embassy to the Department of State. Mar. 3 Protection of British interests. Outlines Sir Edward Grey’s opinion of the situation in the Benton case. 858
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 4 Same subject. Reports arrival of committee appointed by Carranza to investigate Benton case and to determine whether disinterment of body is necessary. 859
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Forced loan imposed on American citizens. Governor of Tampico says Government does not wish to assess forced loan on foreigners. 773
Mr. Lewis to Mr. Bryan(telegram). Mar. 5 Same subject. Unable to obtain confirmation of statement that Carranza demanded loan. 773
Mr. Alger to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 9 Taxation. Constitutionalists are collecting taxes from American citizens which had already been paid to Fedeials. 735
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Alger (telegram). Mar. 11 Same subject. Report names of Americans from whom Constitutionalists are again collecting taxes. 735
Mr. Simpich to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of British interests. Quotes long statement from Carranza setting forth his views as to the manner in which representations on behalf of Americans and other foreigners should be made. 859
Mr. Alger to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 12 Taxation. Understands that all mining companies are called on to pay taxes again. 735
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Alger (telegram). Mar. 13 Same subject. Do Americans desire to have protest made against double tax? 735
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hostetter (telegram). Do Forced loans imposed on American citizens. Directed to protest against imposition of war levy on Almada Sugar Refineries Company. 773
Mr. Hostetter to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 14 Same subject. Says Almada Sugar Refineries was sold on option to American Company which did not comply with conditions and was returned to Almada. 774
Mr. Alger to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Do Taxation. All Americans desire representations against double tax. 736
Mr. Bryan to Certain Foreign Diplomatic Missions. Do Protection of British interests. Incloses copy of communication from Carranza as quoted in Mr. Simpich’s telegram of Mar. 11. (Sent to Embassies of Germany, France, Japan, Great Britain, Spain, and Austria-Hungary.) 860
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. Mar. 16 Same subject. Acknowledges note of the 14th instant regarding representations to Carranza; comments thereon, and asks that he be given timely notice should this Government acquiesce in the new practice demanded by Carranza. Says failure to deliver Benton’s body or to secure inquiry as to cause of death affects security of foreigners in Mexico. 860
[Page LXIV] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hostetter (telegram). 1914. Mar. 16 Taxation. Informs him of report of double taxation at Mazatlan and instructs to protest to appropriate authorities. 736
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of Spanish interests. Reports reply of Military Governor to note urging investigation of murder of Gonzalez brothers. 795
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram). Mar. 17 Same subject. Directs that matter of murder of Gonzalez brothers be taken up with Carranza on first suitable occasion. 796
637 Mr. Hostetter to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Taxation. General Carranza has promised to investigate the matter of double taxation. 736
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Spring Rice. Mar. 18 Protection of British interests. Acknowledges note of the 16th; informs him of sending of telegram of this date to Mr. Carothers; states that he will be informed of developments concerning question of making representations to Carranza, and expresses appreciation of good offices of British consular officers in behalf of Americans in various parts of the world. 861
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Same subject. Directs use of influence with Villa to prevent improper acts or failure to protect British subjects or other foreigners in Northern Mexico. 862
Mr. Stadden to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Mar. 19 Taxation. Government persists in collecting taxes again. Americans request advice. 736
Mr. Hostetter to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Forced loans imposed on American citizens. Confirms statement that sugar refineries were returned to original owners, the Almadas. 774
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Stadden (telegram). Mar. 23 Taxation. Advise Americans to pay tax under protest. 737
333 Mr. Hamm to Mr. Bryan. Mar. 24 Same subject. Reports that Constitutionalists are refusing to receive taxes due unless former quotas which were paid to the Federal Government are paid again. 737
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Apr. 2 Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers. Reports arrest of Consular Agent Powers at Parral on charge passing counterfeit money. Says charge ridiculous and arrest outrage, and hopes Department will make it clear that arrest of officials on trivial charges will not be tolerated. 657
Mr. Riaño to Mr. Bryan. Apr. 3 Protection of Spanish interests. Says note of Feb. 19, was communicated to the Spanish Government, which expresses thanks and cherishes hope that a thorough investigation of facts be made by Constitutionalist authorities. 796
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). Apr. 6 Same subject. Directs representations be made to Carranza against reported order to Villa for deportation of 600 Spaniards from Torreon. 796
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram—extract). do Same subject. Reports concerning expulsion of Spaniards. 797
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Riaño Apr. 7 Same subject. Gives resume of telegram of Apr. 6 from Mr. Carothers. 797
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports interview with Carranza 798
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Same subject. Directs representations be made to Carranza with view to obtaining suspension of deportation order. 798
Same to same (telegram) do Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers. Directed to bring to attention of Carranza this Department’s views concerning arrest of Consular Agent at Parral and suggest advisability of submitting to this Government for investigation questions involving alleged infraction of laws by consular officers. Also asks Carranza be requested to describe flat money which is acceptable. 657
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Carranza promises immediate attention to matter regarding arrest of Consular Agent at Parral. 658
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Waters-Pierce Refinery under fire of opposing forces and fearing losses asks protection. Warehouses of Agencia Commercial, German, burned. Situation as to foreign property serious. 668
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Riaño Apr. 8 Protection of Spanish interests. Gives resume of Mr. Carother’s telegram of Apr. 7. 799
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports arrival of 700 Spaniards at Juarez, and requests instructions concerning assistance to be rendered. 799
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers. do Same subject. Says Red Cross will doubtless be able to extend some assistance. 799
Mr. Willard to Mr. Bryan, (telegram). do Same subject. Says Minister for Foreign Affairs sends personal note urging protection of Spaniards in part of Mexico controlled by Villa and Carranza. 800
[Page LXV] Mr. Riaño to Mr. Lansing 1914. Apr. 9 Same subject. Acknowledges note of Apr. 8, and protests against accusation that Spaniards took part in internal politics of Mexico. 800
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports concerning Carranza’s attitude, representations to be made regarding foreigners, other than Americans. 801
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do same subject. Directed to ascertain authenticity of report that Carranza will not molest property of Spaniards expelled from Torreon. 801
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Says Carranza undoubtedly gave statement to press. 802
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Miner (telegram). do. Protection of American interests. Aamiral in command of Gulf Fleet will be directed to confer with him with view to having leaders of contending forces conduct operations with least danger to foreign property. 668
Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes telegram of this date to Mr. Miller and directs that it be presented to appropriate authorities. 669
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes telegram of this date to Mr. Miller and directs that it be unofficially presented to Carranza. 669
296 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hostetter do Forced loans imposed on American citizens. Incloses letter from which it appears that Alamada Sugar Refineries are controlled by American interests, and directs renewed protest against imposition of loan. 774
Admiral Mayo to General Zarogoza. do Political affairs. Protests against arrest of officer and men of Dolphin and demands written disavowal of and apology for that act, and that American flag be saluted. 448
Mr. Bryan to the President Apr. 10 Political affairs. Quotes dispatch from Admiral Mayo reporting arrest and subsequent release of officer and men of the Dolphin. Requests instructions. 449
Admiral Fletcher to Mr. Daniels. do Same subject. He has informed the Embassy of Mayo’s message regarding arrest of boat’s crew. 449
841 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports receipt of a note from the Foreign Office giving Mexican view of the arrest and request for withdrawal of ultimatum. Outlines written statement received from Huerta. 449
Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). do Same subject. The President directs that he present to Foreign Office the extreme seriousness of the situation. 450
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Daniels do Protection of American interests. Incloses copy of telegram of the 9th instant to Mr. Miller and requests that appropriate instructions be given the Admiral in command of the Gulf Fleet. 669
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Riaño do Protection of Spanish interests, informs me of receipt of telegram of Apr. 9, from Mr Carothers. 802
Mr. Hamm to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports arrival at Torreon and says protection of all foreign property except that of Spaniards. 802
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Willard. do Same subject. Directs that he inform Spanish Government that everything within powers of this Government is being done for protection of Spanish property. 803
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). Apr. 11 Same subject. Directs that he ascertain who have been Carranza’s advisers regarding interests of foreigners. Expresses hope that its instructions of Mar. 2 outlining its position may be given serious study by Constitutionalists. 803
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram). do Same subject. Directs that he endeavor to obtain definite expression from Carranza concerning abandoned Spanish property. 803
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Says he has assurances that Carranza will accept representations in interest of foreigners not Americans upon statements that they are made at request of foreign government. 804
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Answers telegram of this date, and says that he will go to Chihuahua accompanied by Pesquiere. 804
842 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Political affairs. Asks whether written promise received from Huerta will be satisfactory. 450
Admiral Fletcher to Mr. Daniels (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes report from Admiral Mayo saying General Zaragoza has sent letter expressing regret for arrest of boat’s crew. 451
do Same subject. Detailed report relating to the arrest. 451
[Page LXVI]741 Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). 1914. Apr. 11 Same subject. Admiral Mayo’s ultimatum approved by the President. Huerta’s statement does not fully meet demand. 452
844 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr Bryan (telegram). Apr. 12 Same subject. Reports delay in receipt of Department’s telegram of Apr. 11, caused by censor. Has suggested to the Sub-secretary of Foreign Affairs that he see the President and impress upon him necessity for quick action in acceding to demands of Admiral Mayo. 453
Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). do Same subject. Telegram 141 of Apr. 11 reported stopped by censor and delivery refused. Investigate and demand message. 453
845 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Cable censorship instituted last evening; delay in delivery of message due to ignorance of censor. 453
847 Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Reports interview with Sub-secretary for Foreign Affairs and quotes note refusing to accede to demands of the United States. 454
Mr. Canada to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Same subject. Reports arrest and subsequent re1ease of mail orderly from the Minnesota. Will investigate and report. 455
Admiral Fletcher to Mr. Daniels (telegram). Do. Same subject. Quotes report from Admiral Mayo saying that noncompliance with demands is expected; instructions desired. 456
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes telegram from the Embassy saying that the Mexican Government refuses to accede to the demands of Admiral Mayo. 456
Mr. Daniels to Admiral Fletcher (telegram). Do Same subject. Action will not be decided until arrival of President. Direct Mayo not to press salute until ordered. 456
743 Mr. Bryan 16 Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram) do Same subject. Refers to his Apr. 12; answer will be sent after President arrives tomorrow. 456
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan Do Protection of Spanish interests. Refers to Department’s Mar. 2; reports concerning Carranza’s attitude with regard to representations on behalf of foreigners. 804
849 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr Bryan (telegram). Apr. 13 Protection of German interests. Says German Minister has informed him that German subject named Radke has been kidnapped by rebel forces near Guaymas, and asks that President be requested to impress upon rebel authorities that Germans be protected same as other foreigners. 886
Admiral Blue to Admiral Fletcher (telegram). do Political affairs. Directs that Admiral Mayo report concerning statement of Huerta that martial law existed at Tampico and that marines landed without permission. Asks if ships understood conditions, and whether they had proper notification. 456
Admiral Fiske to Mr. Daniels. do Same subject. Comments at length on communication from Mexican Sub-secretary of State. 457
747 Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). do Same subject. Statements made in Huerta’s reply are being investigated; it is hoped he will reconsider position taken. 458
Admiral Fletcher to Mr. Daniels (telegram). Apr. 14 Same subject. Admiral Mayo says that there was no intimation of existence of martial law or of objection to boat taking supplies. 458
748 Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). do Same subject. Secretary of the Navy has advised Flag Officer at Hampton Roads to proceed to Tampico with all available ships, including ten which are named. 459
744 Same to same (telegram). Do Same subject. While appreciating the conciliatory attitude of General Huerta, it is thought that he does not realize serious character of present situation and the very serious consequences which it may involve. Reviews position of United States. The President regards this as a most serious matter, and directs that he inform Huerta that the President expects prompt acceptance of terms. 459
854 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports in detail interview with Huerta. 460
855 Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Huerta has placed Tampico incident before Senate in executive session and has asked for special authority to deal with question. 461
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram). do Protection of German interests. Directs that Carranza be requested to release Radke, and that Constitutionalists give protection to German subjects. (Communicated to Mr. O’Shaughnessy Apr. 14, also to American Consul at Hermosillo.) 886
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of Spanish interests. Quotes telegram from Mr. Fabela accepting procedure for making representations on behalf of foreigners, not Americans. 806
[Page LXVII] Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Apr. 14 Same subject. Villa has directed that no Spanish property be touched until he so orders. 806
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan(telegram) Apr. 15 Same subject. Reports concerning Carranza attitude in case of Spaniards. 806
Same to same (telegram). do Protection of German interests. Reports that Constitutionalist authorities say they can not accept American mediation in Radke case, as there is German consular officer at Chihuahua through whom representations should be made. 887
2208 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr Bryan. do Political affairs. Incloses note from Minister for Foreign Affairs referred to in his 841 of Apr. 10. 461
2207 do Same subject. Incloses note from Foreign Office referred to in his 842 of Apr. 11. It expresses the hope that the Tampico incident may be considered closed. 462
Mr. Bryan to Certain Diplomatic Officers (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes for information of Government to which accredited, telegram No. 744 of Apr. 14, 10 p.m., to Charge O’Shaughnessy. 463
856 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports interview with Huerta, who now suggests simultaneous salutes. If this not agreeable, Huerta thinks matter should go to The Hague. 463
Admiral Fletcher to Mr Daniels (telegram). do Same subject. Admiral Mayo says that boats daily used regular landing during attack on Tampico, and that no notice that hostilities existed or that landings were forbidden 464
752 Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). Apr. 16 Same subject. The President is gratified that Huerta is disposed to bring incident to close by complying with Mayo’s demand, which shows salute will be returned. 465
Admiral Fletcher to Mr Daniels (telegram). do Same subject. Reports concerning detention and release of mail orderly from the Minnesota; the incident is without significance. 465
858 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports further discussion with Minister for Foreign Affairs concerning simultaneous salutes. Outlines procedure proposed. Requests instructions. 465
754 Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaugh nessy (telegram). Apr. 17 Same subject. Simultaneous salute proposed by Huerta can not be accepted. Salute, however, will be returned in accordance with international practice. 466
Mr. Bryan to Certain American Diplomatic Mission (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes for information of Government to which accredited, telegram No. 754 of Apr. 17, to Chargé O’Shaughnessy. 467
860 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports presentation to Minister for Foreign Affairs of Department’s telegram No. 754 of Apr. 17, which he will bring up in Cabinet. Quotes statement given him later by the Minister indicating Huerta’s refusal to accede to demands. Requests instructions. 467
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Bernstorff. do Protection of German interests. Gives paraphrase of telegram of Apr. 15 from Mr. Letcher and calls attention to note of this date to him concerning representations to Carranza in behalf of all foreigners. 887
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Bernstorff do Protection of Spanish interests. Informs him concerning representations to Carranza by foreign governments. (Same to French, British, and Spanish Embassies.) 807
862 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Apr. 18 Political affairs. Minister for Foreign Affairs speaks of appealing to Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo as solution of Tampico incident. 468
757 Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). do Same subject. Expresses President’s disappointment at Huerta’s attitude regarding simultaneous salute, and announces his intention to lay matter before Congress unless Huerta complies with Mayo’s demand before 6 p.m. Apr. 19. Instruction to notify representatives of foreign governments and American consuls. 468
Mr. Bryan to certain American Diplomatic Missions (telegram-circular). do Same subject. Quotes statement issued at the White House to the effect that as Huerta insists on doing something less than demanded, the President has determined, if Huerta has not yielded by the 19th, to take matter to Congress on 20th. 469
865 Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s telegram No. 757 of Apr. 18, presented to Minister for Foreign Affairs, who asks Mr. O’Shaughnessy if he would sign protocol stating that salute would be returned. Agreed to sign and asks if approved. 469
867 same to same (telegram) do same subject. Quotes protocol submitted by Minister for Foreign Affairs and requests instructions. 469
[Page LXVIII]760 Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). 1914. Apr. 19 Same subject. President out of town and can not be reached until to-morrow. Points out objections to signing protocol. 470
76S Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. President approves Departments No. 760 concerning protocol; no concession of any kind is to be made; Huerta’s acceptance should be unconditional; details can be arranged directly with Mayo. No further negotiations necessary. The President expects Huerta to accept at once. 471
868 The Mexican Embassy to the Department of State. do Same subject. Huerta will not insist on simultaneous salute, but would be satisfied with a reciprocal salute. 471
Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. General Huerta continues to refuse unconditional salute. 472
869 Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. A foreign office note verbale states that Mexican Government is not disposed to accede to unconditional demand of this Government but is disposed to act according to the terms of the protocol already submitted. He has informed the Minister that so far as the Embassy is concerned the matter is closed. 473
870 Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Department’s telegram No. 757 o Apr. 18 communicated verbally to foreign representatives. Suggests that Department communicate with consuls. Quotes note verbale mentioned in his telegram 569 of this date. 473
347 Mr. Hamm to Mr. Bryan do Protection of Spanish interests. Reports interview with Gen. Villa showing his uncompromising attitude toward Spanish interests. 807
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan. (telegram). do Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers. Incloses note from Mr. Fabela concerning arrest of Consular Agent at Parral and two other Americans on charge of counterfeiting. Expresses views. 658
Mr. Bryan, to all American consulates in Mexico (telegram). Apr. 20 Protection of American interests. As Huerta has refused to salute American flag as demanded the President will lay matter before Congress. Americans and other foreigners should be notified of contemplated action, and the former reminded of the President’s advice to withdraw from Mexico until order is restored. 670
Mr. Lespinasse to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Americans are being advised to leave. Asks whether destitute Americans should be provided with passage. 670
Mr. Bryan to certain American diplomatic missions (telegram). do Political affairs. In view of Huerta’s refusal to comply with demand of Admiral Mayo, the President will lay matter before Congress. 474
The President to Congress. Do Same subject. Discusses Tampico incident; requests approval of such use of armed forces as to obtain the fullest recognition of the rights of the United States 474
766 Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). do Same subject. The House has passed resolution supporting the President’s position. Precautions for safety of Americans and other foreigners should be taken. 476
Mr. Canada to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Hamburg-American steamer Ypiranga to arrive to-morrow with munitions of war. Trains ready to transport it. General in command will leave to-morrow with soldiers and all rolling stock, and will tear up tracks. 477
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Canada (telegram). Apr. 21 Same subject. Direction to confer with Admiral Fletcher who has been instructed to take custom house and prevent delivery of arms and ammunition. 477
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Shanklin (telegram). do Same subject. Directs that Americans in need be furnished aid,and that all be urged to leave Mexico. 477
767 Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). do Same subject. Instruction to impress upon Foreign Minister necessity of keeping road to Vera Cruz open for protection of foreigners desiring to leave. 478
768 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Canada (telegram). do Same subject. Direction to join Admiral Fletcher in vigorous protest should attempt be made to tear up tracks. 478
Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). do Same subject. Instruction to inform Huerta of the hope of this Government that information that his forces contemplate destruction of railroad to Vera Cruz is not true. This Government might feel it its duty to take means to prevent interruption of railroad communication to coast. 478
Mr. Canada to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do same subject. Marines and blue jackets have taken possession of Vera Cruz; four killed, twenty wounded. Steamer Ypiranga stopped by Admiral Fletcher. Train from Mexico City did not arrive. 479
[Page LXIX]134 Mr. Terreros to Mr. Bryan. 1914. Apr. 21 Same subject. Quotes telegram from Huerta saying, We are fighting at Vera Cruz against the unlawful landing of American marines” 479
Mr. Canada to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Captain of Ypiranga has placed himself subject to orders of Admiral Fletcher. American forces firing only when fired at. Admiral Badger with heavy force due. All business suspended. 480
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Same subject. Directs that position of the President be made clear to Carranza: Resolution of Congress sought not for purpose of making war but as declaration justifying use of armed forces. President makes distinction between Huerta and his followers and the rest of the Mexican people. Taking of customhouse made necessary by attitude of Huerta. 480
Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Apr. 22 Severance of diplomatic relations between the United States and Mexico. He has been handed his passports and is leaving for Vera Cruz. Has intrusted the American Embassy to the British Legation. Is notifying consular officers to withdraw from Mexico. 636
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Requests instructions as to consular 636
Mr. Canada to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Political affairs. Our ships now shelling Vera Cruz. Additional forces landed from battleships. Admiral Fletcher issues proclamation requesting cooperation local authorities to reestablish order 480
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes Admiral Fletcher’s proclamation, copy of which has been given the Alcalde. 481
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. American forces, under guns of war vessels, advance to take entire city. 481
Mr. Bryan to diplomatic representatives of certain foreign countries. do Same subject. Incloses copy of President’s address to Congress made on Apr. 20. 482
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject and tenor 482
Mr. Bryan to certain American diplomatic missions (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes Senate resolution, which has, been accepted by the House. 482
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes Carranza’s reply to Department’s telegram of Apr. 21. 483
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Carranza asks that the President be approached with a view to avoiding armed conflict. 484
Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do same subject. Has been given passports and leaves by special train on 24th accompanied by Huerta’s son, who goes as a guaranty of safety. Consuls are being notified to withdraw. 484
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan (telegram) do Same subject. Carranza asks if President will consider receiving from him a High Commissioner duly authorized to treat upon state of affairs, or if not convenient to receive Commissioner personally, each to appoint a High Commissioner for the purpose named. 485
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Lespinasse (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Directed to provide needy Americans with passage. 670
Mr. Bryan to all American Consuls in Mexico (telegram). do Same subject. Instruction to urge all Americans to leave Mexico as soon as possible. 671
Mr. Garrett to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Asks whether Department can reach isolated Americans in certain districts. 671
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Johnson (telegram). Apr. 23 Same subject and purport 671
Mr. Ulmer to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Requests instructions concerning eighty-five Americans at Torreon, Velardena, and 672
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Canada (telegram). do Same subject. Directed to endeavor to communicate with certain Americans at Frontera and other places for purpose of having them leave Mexico. 672
Mr. Hamm to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Federal authorities refuse code messages. No messages received. One hundred twenty Americans in his District; sixty at Torreon; thirty at Durango, and thirty scattered. About one-half will leave. 672
268 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher. do Taxation. Incloses No. 333 from Consul Hamm and instructs to ask General Carranza to issue orders against the collection of double taxes. 738
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Political affairs. Reports interview with Villa, during which Carranza’s attitude was discussed at length. 485
772 Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). do Severance of diplomatic relations. The Department is arranging to turn over the Embassy to the representative of another nation. Instruct consular officers to leave when necessary for safety. 636
[Page LXX] Mr. Bryan to Mr. O’Shaughnessy (telegram). 1914. Apr. 23 Same subject. Refers to his telegram of Apr. 22 and explains that before its receipt arrangements had been made to turn over to the Brazilian Legation the archives, etc:, of the American Embassy. Instructs him to act accordingly. Informs him of arrangements to turn over certain consulates to the Brazilian, British, and French consuls respectively. 637
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Da Gama. Apr. 24 Same subject. Quotes substance of telegram of Apr. 23 to Mr. O’Shaughnessy. Informs him that the British Ambassador has made the necessary explanations to the British Minister in Mexico as to transfer of American interests to the Brazilian Legation. Incloses instructions for the Brazilian Minister. Thanks him for his and his Government’s courtesy. 637
Mr. Bryan to certain consular officers (telegram). do Same subject. Instructions in regard to leaving their posts and transfer of American interests to i French consular officers. 638
Same to same. do Same subject and tenor 638
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject and tenor 638
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject and tenor 639
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Instructions in regard to leaving their posts. 639
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram). do Political affairs. Directed to express to Carranza appreciation by the President of friendly spirit exhibited in suggestion concerning High Commissioners, but the President can not act in view of Carranza’s recent statement. Suggests another statement to effect that no assistance will be given Huerta. 486
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Same subject. Villa may be informed that action by the United States on that part of the border which is controlled on the Mexican side by Constitutionalists will be governed by the attitude of Carranza and Villa and their associates. This Government desires most friendly relationships, and hopes to be assured that Carranza does not mean real hostility. 486
Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. The Chilean Minister for Foreign Affairs has instructed the Chilean Minister at Washington to act with Brazilian and Argentine colleagues in extending good offices. 487
Mr. Hamm to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of Chinese. Chinese desire to leave. Asks if temporary asylum in United States will be granted, and whether Chinese Legation will reimburse for transportation expenses. 898
Mr. Manna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers. Reports tearing down of flags; search of consulate; his own arrest and imprisonment by Federalist forces, and subsequent release by Constitutionalists. 659
do Protection of American interests. Act of Congress appropriating $500,000 for transportation of Americans in Mexico to their homes in the United States. 673
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Ulmer (telegram). do Same subject. Directed to confer with Mr. Carothers and to take such steps as may be necessary to get Americans out of Mexico. 673
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hamm (telegram). do Same subject. Advise all Americans to leave at once. 673
Mr. Canada to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Do Same subject. Informed that several Americans taken from train near Tierra Blanca and taken to Cordoba or Orizaba where it is believed they were shot. Other Americans and a British subject taken to same place and may be executed. Admirals Fletcher and Badger informed. 673
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Spring Rice. do Same subject. Paraphrases telegram of this date from Consul Canada, as list of persons held includes a British subject. Suggests that in speaking for his Government he will impress on General Huerta importance of protecting all noncombatants. 674
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Canada (telegram). do Same subject. British Ambassador offers to instruct British Minister in Mexico to make representations in behalf of all foreigners. Information should be furnished British Admiral at Vera Cruz who will seek solution each case. 674
Mr. Canada to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Not feasible to send war ship to Frontera and other places owing possibility incitement Mexicans against Americans. Suggest steamer be chartered to care for refugees. 674
[Page LXXI] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Canada (telegram). 1914. Apr. 24 Same subject. Directed to secure suitable vessel and send immediately to Frontera, Carmen, Campeohe, and Proeresso. 675
Mr. Canada to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports details concerning conditions at Mexico City. 675
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Canada (telegram). do Same subject. Directs that his telegram of this date be repeated to Brazilian Minister for purpose of having report investigated and if found true to make vigorous protest to Huerta requesting protection of all noncombatants. 676
Mr. Canada to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do same subject. Wires to Mexico City cut and instruction of this date can not be carried out. Says information now indicates that additional number Americans held at, Cordoba. 676
Mr. Simpich to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Americans arrive from Nacozari. Cananea Copper Company closes mine. Train held to bring out remaining Americans 676
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr Bryan. do Same subject. Acknowledges note of this date and says that matter has been brought to the knowledge of the British authorities in Mexico. 677
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Apr. 25 Protection of Chinese. Chinese Government seeks information concerning protection of Chinese subjects in Mexico. 899
Mr. Johnson to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Political affairs. Col. Ricey, of Carranza’s staff, delivers note from Carranza saying that in event of war his troops would not fight Americans but would evacuate city; offers escort to Mr. Johnson should he desire to leave; Carranza’s troops will not join Huerta. 487
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Transmits, for the information of the President, statement by Villa concerning relations between the United States and Mexico. 488
Messrs. da Gama, Naon, and Mujica to Mr. Bryan. do Same subject. The plenipotentiaries of Brazil, Argentina, and Chile tender their good offices as mediators for the peaceful and friendly settlement of the conflict between the United States and Mexico. 488
Mr. Bryan to Messrs. da Gama, Nadn, and Mujica do Same subject. Accepts their tender of good offices as mediators. 489
Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports arrival at Vera Cruz, and quotes note from Foreign Office breaking off relations with his reply thereto. 490
Mr. Bryan to certain consular officers (telegram). do Severance of diplomatic relations. Instructions in regard to leaving their posts and transfer of American interests to British consular officers. 639
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes fourth telegram of Apr. 24 640
Mr. Da Gama to Mr. Bryan do Same subject. Acknowledges with thanks his note of Apr. 24. 640
Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Apr. 26 Same subject. Transmits notes to and from the British Minister in regard to transfer of American interests to the British Legation. 640
Mr. Bryan to certain consular officers (telegram V do Same subject. Instructions in regard to returning to their posts. 642
Mr. Bryan to American diplomatic missions (telegram). do Political affairs. Quotes note of mediators and reply thereto, for communication to Foreign Office. 491
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Practically all Americans out at Tampico. Oil interests abandoned. Other foreign property safe 677
Mr. Canada to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Apr. 27 Same subject. Brazilian Minister says Foreign Minister gives assurances no Americans killed or imprisoned except one at Aguascalientes. He gives assurances of full protection Americans and other foreigners. 677
Mr. O’Shaughnessy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. British Minister effects transit of Americans from Mexico to Vera Cruz. British cruiser takes 1241 American refugees at Tampico. Minister has done utmost for Americans. 678
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hanna (telegram). do Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers. Regrets arrest and indignities suffered. Question of redress will have due consideration. 660
Mr. Lorillard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Political affairs. Argentina has been informed that Huerta will accept mediation. 491
Mr. Canada to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. American flag raised over port of Vera Cruz with impressive ceremony. 491
same to same (telegram). Apr. 28 Same subject. Quotes communication from Admiral Craddock, British Navy, proposing, in consequence of possible difficulties of communicating with Brazilian Minister in Mexico, to do all in his power to assist. 492
[Page LXXII] Mr. W. H. Page to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Apr. 28 Same subject. Mexican Ambassador in London sent to British Foreign Office unofficial request for mediation. 492
Messrs. da Gama, Naón, and Mujica to Mr. Bryan. do Same subject. Huerta has accepted tender of good offices. Same tender made to Constitutionalist forces. Understood that it is proper to suspend hostilities and military movements of both sides 492
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Riaño do Same subject. Concerning suspension of hostilities the President says that war has not been declared; that Vera Cruz is occupied to enforce redress for specific indignity; further action of United States depends upon attitude and action of Huerta. Armistice not necessary. 493
Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). do Severance of diplomatic relations. Instructions in regard to assuming charge of American interests. 642
The British Embassy to the Department of State. do same subject. The British Foreign Office has instructed certain British consuls in Mexico to take charge of American interests in the absence of French consular officers. 642
Mr. Canada to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Despite assurances of Minister for Foreign Affairs information has been received that Americans are detained at Cordoba and other places. Brazilian Minister again asked to make representations with view to securing permission for Americans to go to place of safety. 678
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes note from General Maas saying foreigners will be permitted to leave Republic at will. 678
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes note from British Minister saying Minister for Foreign Affairs with agreement of Minister of War has cabled orders for release of persons stated to be held at Cordoba. 679
331 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Spring Rice. do Same subject. Has directed American Ambassador at London to inform British Government of this Government’s gratitude for and appreciation of conduct of British officers toward American refugees at Tampico and Puerto Mexico. 679
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Protection of American oil interests. Proposition for the neutralization of oil producing zone between Tampico and the Tuxpam River and west of Tampico. Asks to obtain agreement of the Constitutionalist authorities. 690
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Herrick (telegram) Apr. 29 Same subject. Advises him of proposition to neutralize oil zones in Mexico. 692
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Spring Rice. do Same subject. Is gratified to learn that the British Government is making representations to the authorities at Mexico City. 692
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of Spanish interests. Reports entrance of Constitutionalist Army into Monterey and representations made to some of the generals in behalf of Spaniards. All foreigners are being well treated. It is reported that Vice Consul Silliman at Saitillo had been held a prisoner by Federals, and that several Americans had been arrested. Rumor that Consulate at San Luis Potosi was burned is without confirmation. 808
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Canada (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Asks name of American mentioned in his telegram of the 27th, and directs that all possible be done to prevent summary action pending representations. 679
Mr. Bryan to Messrs da Gama, Naón, and Mujica. do Political affairs. Notice of General Huerta’s acceptance of mediation is received with satisfaction. 493
Mr. Bryan to certain American diplomatic missions (telegram). do Same subject. The Mediators inform Department that Huerta and Carranza accept principle of mediation, which enables mediators to deal with entire Mexican situation. 494
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram) do Same subject. Carranza changes attitude and now is in accord with Villa on policy toward United States 494
Mr. Canada to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Apr. 30 Same subject. The port of Vera Cruz formally turned over to army by navy to-day. 494
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Canada (telegram). do Same subject. Convey thanks to Admiral Craddock for message, and say any assistance of the kind indicated will be appreciated. 494
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of Chinese. Requests information concerning report that restrictions against Chinese and Japanese have been modified. 899
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. do Protection of oil interests. Quotes instruction sent to the British Minister at Mexico City. 693
[Page LXXIII] Mr. Canada to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Apr. 30 Protection of American interests. Information received that fifteen hundred Americans desire to leave Mexico City for Vera Cruz but are prevented by discontinuance of trains. Asks that matter be taken up. 679
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hanna (telegram). do Same subject. Directs steps be taken for protection of Americans in Saltillo. 680
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. do Severance of diplomatic relations. Reports correspondence with the British Foreign Office, the British Minister, and the Mexican Foreign Office in regard to transfer of America interests to the Brazilian Legation. 643
Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). do Same subject. Expresses the Department’s pleasure in his assumption of charge of American interests. Instructions. 644
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. May 1 Same subject. Refers to his own letter of Apr. 30 and reports that the British Foreign Office has instructed the British Minister to turn over American interests to the Brazilian Minister. These instructions have been complied with. The British Minister will be glad to lend the Brazilian Minister any assistance in his power. 644
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Canada (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Directs communication with Brazilian Legation for purpose of urging immediate representations on behalf of A. B. Emery, American citizen, who it is said will be shot if $200,000 ransom is not paid. 680
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram) do Same subject. Directs representations to Carranza in behalf of A. B. Emery. 680
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). do Protection of Chinese. Conditions improved and Chinese not believed in danger. Everything possible will be done for protection of Chinese and question of asylum in United States is being discussed with Chinese Legation. 899
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Miller (telegram). do Protection of oil interests. Consult with the American Naval officer in command at Vera Cruz and the British Consul at Tampico as to the most effective way to induce the local contending forces to accept the proposed neutralization of the oil zones. 693
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Spring Rice. do Same subject. The American representations did not include the clause “those in control of cities would be relied on not to molest oil operations or property.” This had better be done independently of the oil zones. 694
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. do Same subject. Agrees to the suggestion to treat the question of the control of the cities independently to that of the oil wells. 694
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes telegram from General Carranza stating that he has given orders to protect the oil zones and that the neutralization of the oil zones is not necessary. 695
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Daniels. May 2 Same subject. Incloses copy of telegram from Mr. Carothers of May 1, and requests that it be telegraphed to Admiral Fletcher 695
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Spring Rice. do Same subject, incloses copy of telegram from Mr. Carothers of May 1, 1914. 695
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. do Same subject. The British Minister at Mexico City reports that he is doing all he can to persuade Huerta to give the necessary order to enable oil operators to return to the oil fields. 696
Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). do Protection of American interests, asks that appropriate authorities be urged to provide facilities for 1,500 Americans at Mexico City to leave. 681
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Carranza has telegraphed orders for liberation of Emery. Constitutionalist authorities express doubt that he is held by their forces. 681
Messrs. da Gama, Naón and Mujica to Mr. Bryan. do Political affairs. As tender of good offices has been accepted, negotiations should begin. After appointment of representatives, date for conference will be fixed 495
Mr. Bryan to American diplomatic officers (telegram). do Same subject. Informs of receipt of request from mediators, which is also being submitted to Huerta and Carranza, that representatives be appointed to confer with mediators. 495
General Funston to Mr. Garrison. do same subject, quotes order establishing military government at Vera Cruz. 495
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. May 3 Protection of oil interests. The British Minister at Mexico City reports that Huerta has promised to issue orders to permit the return of oil operators to the oil fields and to permit resumption of work. 696
[Page LXXIV] Mr. Riaño to Mr. Bryan 1914. May 3 Protection of Spanish interests. Requests good offices of Department to prevent confiscation of property of Joaquin Armendaiz. 809
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram). May 4 Same subject. Instructs him to make representations to General Carranza to prevent the confiscation of property of Joaquin Armendaiz. 809
Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). do Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers. Asks that information be obtained regarding reported arrest of Vice Consul Silliman at Saltillo, and that appropriate action for release be taken if report true. 660
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hanna (telegram). do Same subject. Directs efforts be made to communicate with Mr. Silliman reported imprisoned for eleven davs by General Maas. 661
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Asks that diplomatic representatives at Vera Cruz be requested to take action looking to release of Vice Consul Silliman at Saltillo and Consul Bonney at San Luis Potosi. 661
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Canada (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Brazilian Minister says there are not 1,500 Americans wishing to leave. Few desiring to leave are being registered in order that train may be provided. 681
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram). do Same subject. Emery safe in Mexico City 682
Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). do Same subject. Expresses pleasure with efforts to secure train for Americans desiring to leave Mexico. 682
Mr. Capmany to President Wilson and Mr. Bryan. do Political affairs. Memorandum expressing attitude of the Constitutionalists toward the United States. 496
Messrs. da Gama, Naón and Mujica to Mr. Bryan. May 5 Same subject. Niagara Falls has been designated as seat of conference; names of representatives appointed by Huerta. 497
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram). do Protection of Chinese. Reports of modification of regulations regarding admission of Chinese without foundation, but m case of necessity temporary asylum may be afforded. 900
Mr. Davis to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Reports threatened confiscation property of Americans at Guadalajara. 682
Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). do Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers. Asks that representations be made with view to immediate action concerning release of Mr. Silliman and other Americans. 661
8 Mr. de Oliveira to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports efforts being made for release of Mr. Silliman and other Americans imprisoned by order of General Maas. 662
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). May 6 Same subject. Asks whether his telegram of May 4 was received, and expresses opinion that diplomats mentioned therein can obtain release of Messrs. Silliman and Bonney 662
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hanna (telegram). do Same subject. Appropriate instructions are being sent to the Brazilian Minister at Mexico City. Requests all available information regarding imprisonment of Silliman. Bonney reported safe at 662
The Department of State to the British Embassy. do Severance of diplomatic relations. Acknowledgment, with thanks for the letter of May 1. 644
996 Mr. Bryan to Mr. von Bernstorff. do Protection of American interests. American Ambassador at Berlin has been instructed to express to German Government thanks for assistance rendered American refugees from Tampico by German naval vessels. Mutatis mutandis to French and British Embassies. 682
Messrs. da Gama, Naón and Mujica to Mr. Bryan. do Political affairs. Huerta’s Minister for Foreign Affairs has informed them of landing of troops and munitions of war at Vera Cruz by United States and that such acts are contrary to agreement adopted. Asks investigation for purpose of informing Huerta. 497
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Miller (telegram). do Protection of oil interests. Instructs to send to the Department as accurate information as he can obtain regarding the situation in general in his consular district. 697
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. do Same subject. Telegram from the British Consul at Tampico to the British Admiral at Vera Cruz. British ships can enter Tampico to load petroleum except for the United States. All vessels, except American, can clear. It is reported that an ultimatum is being prepared demanding the withdrawal of American snips from Tampico within eight days or American oil properties will be destroyed. 697
[Page LXXV] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram). 1914. May 6 Same subject. Make representations to Carranza that Americans have been denied protection in the Huasteca oil district and have not been allowed to remain there. Ask him to give orders for the protection of all foreigners there, including Americans. 698
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. May 7 Same subject. Telegram from the British Admiral at Vera Cruz stating that it would be rash if Americans relied to© implicitly on Mexican assurances and returned now to the oil fields. 698
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). May 8 Same subject. Asks authority to draw $5,000 to pay off employees of oil companies. Reports that the policy of the British naval officers is opposed to the return of American employees to the oil fields. 698
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. do Same subject. Has advised the British Minister at Mexico City that it would be impossible to draw any distinction of British or American nationality between either wells or employees. 699
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Spring Rice. do Same subject. Acknowledges with gratification the Ambassador’s note of May 1, in regard to the neutralization of the oil fields. 699
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Same subject. Request permission from General Carranza for the stationing of a United. States ship with wireless apparatus near Tampico and to permit small dispatch boats to pass between the fleet and Tampico. 700
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Spring Rice. do Same subject. Requests that the British Minister at Mexico City be instructed to induce General Huerta to permit the establishment of communication between the American fleet and Tampico. 700
Mr. Bryan to certain American Consuls in Mexico (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Department desirous of learning names and addresses of all Americans who have not left Mexico, directs publication of notice requesting registration. 683
Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). do Same subject. Informs him concerning the Department’s desire to obtain names and addresses of all Americans in Mexico and requests that he publish notice calling for registration. 683
Mr. Bryan to certain foreign missions. do Same subject. Incloses copy of the foregoing and requests their assistance in the matter. 684
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hanna (telegram). do Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers. Consul Bonney and wife with number of refugees reported to have left Mexico City for Puerto Mexico. Brazilian Minister still endeavoring to obtain release of Silliman. 663
Mr. Bryan to Messrs. da Gama, Naón, and Mujica. do Political affairs. Troops and munitions were sent only to Vera Cruz, which had been occupied before offer of mediation was accepted. No aggressive measures have been taken since such acceptance 498
Mr. Bryan to Mr. von Bernstorff. May 9 Protection of American interests. Asks that German Consul at Guadalajara be instructed to investigate reported killing of certain Americans and other foreigners near Hostotipaquilla. 685
Mr. Simpich to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject Suggests that Americans who return to Mexico against consul’s advice be informed that should they again be obliged to leave they should not expect Government’s aid in reaching their homes. 686
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Spring Rice. do Severance of diplomatic relations. Expresses thanks for the British Embassy’s note of Apr. 28. 645
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. do Protection of oil interests. The British Minister at 1 Mexico City has been instructed in the sense of Department’s note of the 8th instant. 701
Mr. de Oliveira to Mr. Bryan’ (telegram). May 10 Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers. Silliman still under arrest. Marchini has left for Vera Cruz. Archives, code, etc., removed from consulate by Mexican officials. Representations being made for release of Silliman and restoration of property. 663
Mr. Riaño to Mr. Bryan. do Protection of Spanish interests. Refers to previous correspondence. States that Constitutionalists at Monterey have forced the representative of the firm of Sr. Armendaiz to give them a draft of $12,000 on Sr. Armendaiz. Intervention requested. 809
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). May 11 Same subject. Informs him of action taken to protect the property of Joaquin Armendaiz and instructs him to express to Gen. Carranza the Department sincere hope that Spanish subjects be generously dealt with. 810
[Page LXXVI] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hanna (telegram). 1914. May 11 Same subject. Spanish Ambassador requests that Consul General take charge of property of Joaquir Armendaiz. Department has no objection to his taking charge unofficially upon certain stated conditions. 810
Mr. Willard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). !do Same subject. Minister of State requests that immediate steps be taken for protection of Spaniards Telegram from Commander of Spanish war vessel to Minister of Marine quoted. 811
Mr. Bryan to Mr. von Bernstorff. do Protection of American interests. Department would appreciate it if special messengers could be sent to make investigations concerning details of alleged killing and wounding of certain American at Hostotipaquilla. 686
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Simpich (telegram). do Same subject. Authorizes his acting on his suggestion of May 9. 687
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports that he and Vice Consul Bevan have gone aboard the Connecticut, and that about twenty Americans who refused to leave are being looked after by the German Consul. 687
Mr. Canada to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers. Marchani arrives Vera Cruz. All Americans released with exception of Silliman. Mentions taking of archives, etc., from consulate by Federals 663
19 Mr. de Oliveira to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Orders for Silliman’s release and delivery to him have been given. Congratulates Department. 663
Mr. Bryan to all diplomatic missions, except Mexico (telegram-circular). do Political affairs. Mediation plans progressing satisfactorily; Huerta has appointed representatives names of representatives of United States. Hostilities between Huerta and United States suspended. Question of Carranza’s participation not determined. 498
Mr. Bryan to Messrs. da Gama, Naón, Mujica. May 12 Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of note of May 5. 498
Mr. Canada to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Names Mexican peace delegates, who have left for Habana. 499
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Willard (telegram). do Protection of Spanish interests. Quotes telegram of Apr. 27 to Consul General at Monterey in order that he may have a general idea of Department’s efforts in behalf of Spaniards. Instructs him to inform Spanish Government that Department does not at this time consider intervention in Mexico wise or necessary. 811
Mr. Riaño to Mr. Bryan do Same subject. Requests protection for Spanish subjects at Guaymas. 812
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Riaño May 13 Same subject. Informs him of action of Department to secure revocation of order for payment by Señor Armendaiz of draft of $12,000 to the Constitutionalists. 812
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hamm. (telegram). May 14 Same subject. Informs him of calls by the Spanish Ambassador and the Netherlands Minister and instructs him to make representations to Gen Carranza to secure liberal treatment of foreigners in the matter of taxation or contributions. 813
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs him to make representations to Villa in the sense of telegram of May 14 to Consul Hamm. 813
467 Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan do Taxation. Reports that he is making representations to Gen. Carranza against the second collection of taxes. 738
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Miller (telegram.) Protection of oil interests. Department can not advance funds to private interests. Upon request for funds it will communicate with the home office of the companiesdo everything possible to secure justice American interests. 701
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Same subject. Make representations to Gen. Carranza to permit American employees of oil operators to return at once to Tampico, also to permit this Government to station a vessel with wireless at Tampico. 702
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Constitutionalist forces occupy Tampico. Guaranties to all foreigners to return to their business. 702
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Political affairs. Reports occupation of Tampico by Constitutionalists. 499
Mr. Riaño to Mr. Bryan May 15 Same subject. The Mexican Minister tor Foreign Affairs has expressed thanks for attentions shown members of Mexican delegation. 500
[Page LXXVII]25 Mr. de Oliveira to Mr Bryan (telegram). 1914. May 15 Protection of American interests. A number of Americans at San Quintin are suffering hardships on account of lack of means and difficulty in reaching them to furnish assistance. Suggests sending of transport. 787
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Miller (telegram). do Protection of oil interests. Represent to local authorities that this Government expects that no action in forfeiture of leases will be taken where rentals have not been paid on account of prevailing conditions. (Same telegram to Durango.) 702
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Oil men are preparing to resume operations under guaranties of Constitutionalists. 703
Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira. do Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers. Inquiry concerning Silliman. 664
Mr. Bryan to Mr.Carother (telegram). May 16 Forced loans imposed on American cit zens. Directs that action of commanding general at Tampico in requesting contributions be brought to attention of Carranza, and outlines representations to be made. 775
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Miller (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes telegram of this date to Mr. Carothers and directs that substance be brought to the attention of the Constitutionalist commander at Tampico. 775
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Dodge. do Political affairs. Designates him as Secretary to the Special Commission near the mediators. 500
Mr. Riaño to Mr. Bryan. May 17 Same subject. Conveys, on part of representatives of Huerta, thanks for courtesies and attentions extended since arrival on American territory. 500
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of oil interests. Officials of Tampico are powerless to prevent forfeiture of leases as they are private contracts. Americans and families should not return to Tampico at the present time. Federal forces are holding Panuco and it is believed that they will destroy wells if it is attempted to 703
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryar (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Constitutionalist authorities at Parral seek to have Americans return and open mines and other industries. Many now disposed to return. Asks instructions. 688
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letchei (telegram). May 18 Same subject. While Department has advised Americans to leave Mexico, it does not attempt to compel them to leave or remain out of the country. Those remaining or returning do so at their own risk. 688
Mr. Bryan to Messrs. da Gama, Naon, and Mujica do Political affairs. Informs them of appointment of Special Commissioners Justice Lamar and Mr. Lehmann, and their Secretary, Mr. Dodge. 500
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hanm (telegram). May 19 Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers. Department is considering advisability of requesting Huerta to release Silliman and Americans with him. Asks whether Constitutionalist commander would send guard under flag of truce to receive and conduct them to Monterey. 664
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Daniels. do Protection of Spanish interests. Requests that orders be given to the Naval Commander in waters about Guaymas to extend protection to Spanish colony the north of Guaymas. 814
263 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Riaño do Same subject. Informs him of request in Departments May 19 to Navy Department for protection of Spanish subjects at Guaymas. 814
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). May 20 Same subject. Instructs him to present to Carranza the matter of seizure of cotton, the property of Spanish subjects, in the Torreon district, with a view to its restoration to its owners. 815
Mr Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram) do Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers. Reply to his May 19. Proposed arrangements for escort of Silliman. 664
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of oil interests. Gen. Carranza has no objection to the establishment of wireless communication between the fleet and Tampico, and he has given orders for full protection of foreigners. 703
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Canada (telegram). do Same subject. This Government is conferring with the Governments of Great Britain and The Netherlands for an agreement to preserve the status quo concerning leases, royalties, and rentals of oil properties. Inform British and Netherlands consuls. 704
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Transmits telegram for the Netherlands consul at Tampico from the Netherlands Minister at Washington. 704
Mr. Dodge to Mr. Bryan do Political affairs. American special representatives call on mediators, who explain mediation procedure. First session held in afternoon. 501
[Page LXXVIII] Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann to Mr. Bryan. 1914. May 20 Same subject. Report meeting with mediators, who propose plan for successor to Huerta; mention of Senior Lascurain. 501
Mr. Bryan to Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann. May 21 Same subject. The President was encouraged by character of proposal contained in their telegram of last evening. Further information needed before forming judgment as to Lascurain. Suggests alternative plan. Other names should be suggested. Asks as to scope and character of agrarian reforms 502
Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Mediators not opposed to alternative plan. Additional names given. As to reforms, the mediators express themselves as willing to go as far as may be thought proper. 503
Mr. Bryan to Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann (telegram). do Same subject, The resident suggests renewal of invitation to Constitutionalists to send Commissioners, without reference to scope of discussion or suspension of hostilities. 503
Mr. Daniels to Mr. Bryan. do Protection of Spanish interests, informs department that instructions will be issued for protection of Spanish subjects at Guaymas. 815
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of oil interests. Suggests that oil workers be warned not to return to Panuco until assured of employment. 704
32 Mr. de Oliveira to Mr. Bryan (telegram). May 22 Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers. Mr. Silliman now at Brazilian Legation and will leave for Vera Cruz to-morrow en route to the United States. 665
74 Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). do Same subject. Expresses sincere thanks and appreciation for efforts in behalf of Mr. Silliman. 665
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes telegram from British Vice Consul at Saltillo concerning release of Mr. Silliman and his departure for Mexico City. 665
Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann to Mr. Bryan (telegram) do Political affairs. The mediators give reasons for declining to renew invitation to Constitutionalists to participate. 504
Same to same (telegram). May 23 Same subject. Report result of two conferences held this day. Huerta willing to resign if so doing would contribute toward firm government. Mediation practically impossible while active hostilities continue in Mexico. Discusses armistice. 504
Mr. Agramonte to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Severance of diplomatic relations. The President of the American Colony in Mexico City reports a vote of thanks to the Brazilian Minister for his untiring splendid service rendered Americans and his watchful care in their behalf. 645
Mr. Willard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of Spanish interests. Reports inquiry by King of Spain regarding protection of Spanish interests in Mexico and requests advices of a reassuring nature to be communicated to the King. 815
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Willard (telegram). May 24 Same subject. Instructs him to inform Foreign Office of efforts of Department to protect Spanish interests; that mediation is in progress and satisfactory results are hoped for. 816
Mr. Bryan to Messrs. Lamai and Lehmann (telegram) do Political affairs. By direction of the President makes clear position of this Government regarding elimination of Huerta, and directs presentation of seven considerations by which we should be guided. 505
Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann to Mr. Bryan (telegram). May 25 Same subject. Telegram of 24th not given to mediators, but substance discussed with them. 506
81 Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). do Severance of diplomatic relations. Transmits Mr. Agramonte’s telegram of May 23. 645
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. do Protection of oil interests. The British Government concurs in the principle of preserving the status quo concerning oil properties. 705
Same to same May 26 Same subject. The British Government has authorized him to conclude an agreement with this Government in the form of an exchange of notes to preserve the status quo of oil properties 705
Mr. Canada to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers. Reports arrival of Mr. Silliman, who desires to go to Washington to report to the Department. Requests authority to draw funds for him. 666
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Canada (telegram). do Same subject. Authorizes Mr. Silliman to draw funds, and says Department would be glad to have him come to Washington. 666
[Page LXXIX] Mr. Bryan to Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann (telegram). 1914 May 26 Political affairs. Comments on telegram of 25th; clears up certain points concerning transfer of government from Huerta. Directs change in minutes to read “Mexican representatives” instead of “representatives of Mexican Government,” so as to avoid any possible question of recognition. 507
Messrs, Lamar and Lehmann to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Outlines proposition submitted by mediators as a basis of discussion. 508
Mr. Bryan to Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann (telegram). May 27 Same subject. Expresses disappointment with proposals outlined in dispatch of 26th; gives reasons and outlines conclusions. 509
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of Spanish interests. Reports arrangement made with De La Garza with certain cotton owners relative to export of their cotton and plan for investigation by a committee of the records of certain other Spaniards who are trying to effect an arrangement for possession of their property. Explanatory letter from De La Garza is being sent by mail. 816
Mr. Lersner to Mr. Bryan. do Protection of German interests. Requests American naval vessels protect German interests on Mexican west coast during absence of H. M. S. Nürnberg which is going to Panama to exchange personnel. 887
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Chermon do Severance of diplomatic relations. Incloses copy of Mr. Agramonte’s telegram of May 23. 645
Mr. Chermon to Mr. Bryan May 28 Same subject. Acknowledges Department’s note of May 27, which he takes pleasure in forwarding to the Brazilian Government. 646
488 Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan. do Protection of oil interests, incloses a note from the Constitutionalist authorities concerning protection of oil interests in the Huasteca and Los Esteros districts. 706
Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Political affairs. Outlines discussion with mediators: after receipt of telegram of 27th. Gives names of five persons as possible successor of Huerta and asks if any would be satisfactory. 510
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hamm (telegram). May 29 Protection of German interests. Directs, at request of German Embassy, he ask Carranza to release store and ranch belonging to Mrs. Helena Pfeiffer. 888
492 Mr. Detcner to Mr.Bryan. do Taxation. Quotes telegram from General Carranza stating that orders have been issued to the tax authorities not to collect double taxes and where they have been collected to refund them 739
Mr. Bryan to Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann (telegram) do Political affairs. It is assumed that representatives of Carranza will be admitted to the conference. Appointment to foreign minister by Huerta for purpose of succeeding to Presidency might prove embarrassing. Expresses preference as to establishment of provisional government. Insist to mediators that peaceful settlement is supreme object of our efforts and that formalities or technicalities should not be permitted to interfere. 512
Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann to Mr. Bryan (telegram). May 30 Same subject. Mexican delegates have telegram urging signing of protocol because of danger from approaching Constitutionalists. Mediators insist that willingness of Carranza to enter conference is due to lack of ammunition and consequent inability to follow up advantage by marching on Mexico City. 513
Mr. Bryan to Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann (telegram). do Same subject. Informs them of action to be taken if mediators insist on armistice. 514
Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann to Mr. Bryan. May 31 Same subject. Full report on question of admitting representatives of Carranza to conference. 514
Mr. Bryan to Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann (telegram). do Same subject. This Government is seriously disturbed by attitude of mediators regarding admittance of Constitutionalists. 519
Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann to Mr. Bryan (telegram). June 1 Same subject. Discuss interview with mediators during which views expressed in Department’s telegram were pressed. 521
Memorandum from German Embassy. do Protection of German interests. Requests protection for Germans at Guadalajara. 888
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Same subject. Directs representations to Carranza in regard to protection of German and other foreign interests at Guadalajara. 888
1013 Mr. Bryan to Mr. von Bernstorff. June 2 Same subject. States that the Secretary of the Navy has given appropriate instructions concerning naval protection on west coast during absence of H. M. S. Nürnberg. 889
[Page LXXX] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Spring Rice. 1914. June 2 Protection of oil interests. Draft of note to be exchanged for the preservation of the status quo of the oil properties in Mexico. (Same note to the Netherlands Minister). 707
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. do Same subject. Accepts for his Government the agreement as described in Department’s note of the 2d inst. 708
M. de Rappard to Mr. Bryan do Same subject and tenor 708
Mr. Riaño to Mr. Bryan do Protection of Spanish interests. Requests good offices of Department to prevent the Constitutionalists from enforcing a loan of 500,000 pesos from Spaniards at Tampico. 817
Same to same do Same subject. Requests good offices of Department in behalf of Senores Arocena, Turanzas, and Olano, Spanish cotton growers. 817
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Same subject. Informs him of purport of June 2d from Spanish Ambassador and hopes he will succeed in convincing Constitutionalists of the inadvisability and inexpediency of putting Spaniards in a class by themselves in connection with redemption of cotton 818
Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Political affairs. Mediators have drafted reply to Zubaran concerning representation of Carranza at conference. 522
Mr. Bryan to Messrs. Lamai and Lehmann. June 6 Same subject. Sets forth fully whole matter under discussion at Niagara Falls in its full light as it appears to this Government. 522
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Taxation. Official notices have been issued that all custom charges, oil production taxes, and similar charges must be paid in gold. 741
same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Decree has been issued restoring oil production tax of 20 cents per ton instead of 75 cents as charged by Huerta Government. 741
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Decree reported in his June 3 applies to export charges, bar charges, and oil production tax. 741
Mr. Riaño to Mr. Bryan June 4 Protection of Spanish interests. Informs Department of reported discrimination against Spaniards by the constitutionalists and requests good offices. 818
494 Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of British interests. Villa orders sequestration of property of Benton’s widow. Incloses copy British Vice consul asks said. 863
Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Political affairs. In view of action of mediatois in consulting their respective Governments, asks whether it is considered that they are acting as individuals or as the representatives of their Governments and bound to follow their instructions. Different views expressed. 524
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject and tenor. 524
Mr. Bryanto Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann. do Same subject. President does not understand that the Governments represented by mediators can or should direct mediators as to terms of settlement or course of procedure; hopes that mediators will see necessity of dealing with situation as it presents itself in Mexico, not as it may seem to their Governments. 525
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). June 5 Forced loans imposed on American citizens. Quotes note from Governor Caballero concerning loans. 776
Same to same (telegram). Do Same subject. Reports concerning levy to be made by Constitutionalists at Tampico. 776
113 Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). June 6 Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers. Requests statement concerning charges made by Huerta against Mr. Silliman, and asks whether Mr. Silliman’s return to Saltillo would cause embarrassment. Also asks that copies of notes exchanged with Mexican Foreign Office be sent Department, if no objection thereto. 666
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Riaño do Protection of Spanish interests. Informs him of tenor of instructions to Mr. Carothers to obtain the same treatment for Spaniards as is accorded other foreigners. 819
39 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Willard. June 8 Same subject. Refers to his informs him of action taken by Department for protection of Spanish subjects in Mexico. 819
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Same subject, informs him of purport of note of June 4 from Spanish Ambassador and instructs him to urge Carranza that no discriminatory or confiscatory action be taken against property of Spaniards and that they be not arrested without good cause. (Same to Consul General at Monterey.) 820
[Page LXXXI] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). 1914. June 8 Same subject. Instructs him to bring to the attention of Carranza the request of the Spanish Ambassador for good offices of Department to prevent the Constitutionalists from enforcing loan of 500,000 pesos from Spaniards at Tampico. (Same to American Consul at Tampico. 820
52 Mr. de Oliveira to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers. Considers it inadvisable for Mr. Silliman to return during present conditions. Charge of espionage, but concrete facts not mentioned. Case seems to have been dismissed. 666
13 Mr. dodge to Mr. Bryan. June 9 Political affairs. Incloses copy of reply of representatives of Huerta to the mediators, relative to plan originally proposed by mediators. 525
Memorandum to the German Embassy. June 10 Protection of German interests. Says Secretary of Navy has issued appropriate instructions concerning protection of foreigners during expected attack on Guadalajara by Constitutionalists. 889
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Miner (telegram). do Forced loans imposed on American citizens. Asks result of meeting of oil interests and action taken regarding loan byConstitutionalists. 777
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of Spanish interests. Quotes communication from Gen. Caballeros stating that the Government has not imposed upon Spaniards the payment of any loan and has not even exacted war 820
Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann to Mr. Bryan (telegram). June 11 Political affairs. Quotes paragraph 1 of the plan under consideration for the transfer of the government. Unless objected to, Commissioners will agree to protocolization of this paragraph. 526
14 Same to same June 12 Same subject. Incloses note setting out objections of Mexican delegates to plan proposed by American Commissioners. 527
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Forced loans. Reports failure of oil companies to act on $200,000 loan demanded by Gen. Aquilar. 777
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Reports further concerning loans which may be imposed by General Aguilar. 777
Mr. Riaño to Mr. Bryan. do Protection of Spanish interests. Informs Department that the Constitutionalists at Tampico continue to impose enforced loans upon Spaniards. Juan Isasi and Ramon Junco have been arrested for refusing to contribute. Good offices requested. 821
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). June 13 Same subject. Informs him of purport of June 12 from Spanish Ambassador and instructs him to use good offices with Gen. Carranza (Same to American Consul at Tampico.) 821
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports having been requested by Spanish Vice Consul in the name of the Spanish Colony to request the Department to take no further action on the question of enforced loans. Payments made were voluntary. Governor General has called a meeting of Spanish Colony at Governor’s palace. 821
16 Mr. Dodge to Mr. Bryan do Political affairs, incloses copy of letter of June 2 sent by mediators to Sr. Zubaran in reply to his letter of the 28th ultimo. 529
17 Mr. Lehmann to Mr. Bryan. do Same subject. Incloses copy of letter from Luis Elguero, a Huertista representative, relative to views of American representatives, and reply thereto. 530
18 Mr Dodge to Mr. Bryan. June 15 Same subject. Incloses copy of part of correspondence between mediators and General Carranza handed by mediators to Commissioners. Carranza has appointed delegates to attend conference to settle “international conflict” between United States and Mexico, and requests reply. 533
19 Same to same do Same subject Incloses copy of the reply of the mediators to Carranza. 534
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Miller ((telegram). do Taxation. Advise Americans to pay oil production tax under protest. 741
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of oil interests. Anti-American demonstrations have taken place in the Panuco-Topila section. Requests that representations be made to General Carranza to send sufficient troops to that section to insure protection of foreign interests. 708
Same to same (telegram). do Protection of Spanish interests. Refers to Department’s June 13th. Spanish Vice Consul states that arrested men have been released and again requests that no further action be taken in the matter. Spaniards have been notified that those wishing to remain in Tampico should register as Mexican citizens, otherwise they should leave. Vice Consul has resigned and preparing to leave. 822
[Page LXXXII] Mr. Lersner to Mr. Bryan. 1914. June 16 Protection of German interests. Requests this government bring its influence to bear on Constitutionalists for protection of German property; refers to taking over of property of German firm of Eversbusch at Tampico. 889
20 Mr. Dodge to Mr. Bryan do Political affairs. Encloses copy of a letter from Mr. Lamar to Sr. Rabasa, Huerta commission, replying to objections to the plan submitted by the American Commissioners. 535
Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports substance of talk with representatives of Constitutionalists at Buffalo; their position. 538
Mr. Cobb to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports disagreement between Villa and Carranza over Zacatecas campaign. 538
21 Mr dodge to Mr. Bryan. June 17 Same subject. Submits, in parallel columns, the plan of the mediators and the United States plan. 539
Mr. Edwards to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Believes that differences between Villa and Carranza will not retard campaign against Huerta Government. Villa is advancing on Zacatecas. 541
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Taxation. Has tendered Constitutionalist bills in payment of bar taxes. Local officials have taken the matter up with General Carranza. 742
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). June 18 Political affairs. It was impossible to prevent breach between Villa and Carranza, but it will not interfere with progress of revolution. Villa will receive orders from Carranza when they do not interfere with his military operations. 542
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hanna (telegram). do Protection of oil interests. Instructs to request adequate protection for the Panuco-Topila section from General Carranza. 709
Mr. Barclay to Mr. Bryan. do Protection of British interests. Asks that American Consuls at Juarez and Chihuahua be instructed to support representations of British Vice Consul, who has been directed to communicate with Carranza regarding protection of British interests. 863
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Bevan (telegram). do Protection of German interests. Directs investigation and use of good offices to obtain release of property of German firm of Eversbusch at Tampico. 890
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hanna (telegram). do Same subject. Directed to ask Carranza to restore Eversbusch property and that Germans be not subjected to forced contributions. 890
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). June 19 Same subject. Says Carranza asks that German Ambassador be informed that General Obregon has received strict orders to protect all foreigners and foreign property during and after attack on Guadalajara.
(Communicated to German Ambassador June 20.)
890
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Miller (telegram). do Protection of oil interests. If adequate protection is not given to Panuca-Topila section by this time inform Department and energetic protest will be made to General Carranza. 709
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of Spanish interests. Refers to Department’s telegram about forced loan at Tampteo and reports that Carranza says he has not authorized it and has issued orders to Gen. Caballero not to collect it. Carranza has ordered investigation of persecution of Spaniards at Monterey. 822
Mr. Jusserand to Mr. Bryan June 20 Protection of French interests. Transmits statements of two French clergymen concerning their ill treatment and expulsion from Mexico for Department’s consideration. 867
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Taxation. Local officials now refuse to accept Constitutional currency in payment of bar taxes. 742
Mr. dodge to Mr. Bryan. do Political affairs. Encloses copy of letter from Sr. Rabasa to Mr. Lamar, together with reply of the latter 542
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan (telegram). June 21 Protection of Spanish interests. Reports that Villa’s decree permitting return of certain Spaniards to Torreon and Chihuahua will be published in newspapers to-morrow. Is forwarding copy of text by mail. 822
Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann to Mr. Bryan (telegram). June 22 Political affairs. Mediators have invited Constitutionalist representatives to come to Niagara Falls or elsewhere to confer with Huerta representatives on internal affairs. Sends, in parallel columns, the mediators plan and the one proposed by Commissioners. 544
Mr. Bryan to Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann (telegram). June 23 Same subject. The President approves of including in protocol subjects covered by amendments mentioned in telegram of 22d; not willing to fix definite time for evacuation of Vera Cruz. 545
[Page LXXXIII] Messrs. Lamar and Lehmenn to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. June 24 Same subject. Mediators furnish copy of paragraphs Department is willing to protocolize; paragraph on evacuation of Vera Cruz postponed. If Mexican representatives fail to agree as to internal policy, adoption of paragraphs is without prejudice to have matter again brought up if necessary or desirable. 546
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Barclay. do Protection of American mining interests. Proposes an agreement to withhold all diplomatic support from claimants who have acquired mining rights by reason of cancellation of contracts, etc., or by confiscation by de facto authorities. 718
207 Mr. Barclay to Mr. Bryan. do Same subject. Accepts for his Government proposal of agreement. 719
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher (telegram) do Protection of British interests. Directed to support representations of British Vice Consul to prevent sequestration of Benton property. (Same to Mr. Edwards at Juarez.) 864
24 Mr Dodge to Mr. Bryan. June 25 Political affairs. Incloses summary of Fourth Plenary Conference. 547
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram.) do Taxation. Arbitrary rate of two pesos for one American gold dollar is considered unjust when exchange is three for one. May have the effect of stopping shipments from this port. 742
Same to same (telegram). June 26 Same subject. Bar dues is not a Government tax but a railway rate collected by the Government for the upkeep of the harbor by the railway under contract. It was established in 1910 and payable in Mexican currency 742
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hanna (telegram). do Same subject. Customs authorities demand payment of taxes in Mexican gold or American gold at rate of two for one when exchange is three for one, and refuse to accept Constitutionalist currency. Make representations to General Carranza. 743
Same to same (telegram). do Protection of French interests. Instructs him to report in regard to expulsion of Brothers of the Christian Schools and disposition of school property. 868
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). June 27 Same subject. Reports assistance rendered to Brothers of Christian Schools. Will inquire as to matter of school property and as to return of Brothers to Mexico. 868
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Taxation. Decree is strictly enforced for collection of oil production tax in gold or in American gold at the rate of two for one. Ships are detained until production tax is paid. 743
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan June 28 Protection of Spanish interests. Reports desire of Gen. Carranza that foreign diplomatic representatives in Washington make representations direct to him. If Spanish Ambassador would take such action Carranza would appreciate it. 822
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). June 29 Protection of French interests. Reports additional particulars in regard to expulsion of Brothers of the Christian Schools and status of school property. Can not recommend their returning to Mexico at present. 868
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of oil interests. Authorities manifest disposition to afford adequate protection in the Panuco-Topila section. 709
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Taxation. Strongly represent to General Carranza the injustice of refusing Constitutionalist currency in payment of bar dues or accepting New York exchange at current rates. 744
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. One American oil company made contract with Mexican Government in 1908 by which it is exempted from payment of exportation tax. Present authorities refuse to recognize contract with Government. Several ships are held up on account of refusal to pay bar tax in gold. 744
Messrs. Lamar and Lehmann to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Political affairs. Discusses question of signing protocols; while agreement as to international affairs between Mexico and the United States is provided for, it is pointed out that this Government does not recognize Mexican delegates as representing the United Mexican States. 549
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). June 30 Protection of oil interests. Gen. Carranza has given directions for the proper protection of American property in the Panuco-Topila section. 710
[Page LXXXIV] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothei (telegram). 1914. July 1 Same subject. Make representations to General Carranza that this Government is deeply concerned over the alarming reports from the Panuco district. Ask him to rescind the order for foreigners to surrender arms, and to take immediate steps to afford adequate protection. 710
Mr. Bryan to Messrs. Lam and Lehmann (telegram) do Political affairs. Directs that the minutes may be signed upon understanding that such signing shall not be construed as a recognition by the United States of the government of General Huerta. 549
25 Mr Dodge to Ma Bryan. do Same subject. Encloses English text of protocols of 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Plenary Conference. 550
Mr. Bryan to certain American consuls. do Same subject. The Department is about to send Mr. Leon J. Canova to Mexico as a special representative. Requests cooperation. 553
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Riaño July 2 Protection of mining interests. Proposal for an agreement to withhold all diplomatic support from claimants who have acquired mining rights by confiscation by de facto authorities. 720
26 Mr Dodge to Mr. Bryan. July 3 Political affairs. Encloses copy of note to Commissioners from the Mediators and reply thereto regarding delay requested by Carranza in order that he may consult his companions in arms regarding appointment of delegates to confer with delegates of Huerta. Mediators postpone meetings pending action by Carranza. 554
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers do Same subject. Urges importance of bringing constitutionalist leaders into hearty accord. Also directs that Carranza be urged to send representatives to confer with Huertista representatives. 556
Mr. Riaño to Mr. Bryan. July 4 Protection of Spanish interests. Informs Department of advices that Bishop Segiira and Father Vilalta have been imprisoned at Tepic. Good offices requested. 823
Mr. Canova to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do. Taxation. The Secretary of the Treasury has directed port authorities at Tampico to accept New York exchange at prevailing gold rate. 745
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). July 5 Same subject. Favorable answers have been received from the Secretary of Hacienda in the matter of exchange, kind of money to be accepted, clearance of ships, and American oil interests. 745
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan do Political affairs. Villa realizes that break with Carranza would be disastrous, and intimates that he will do everything possible to arrive at an understanding. 557
29 Mr. Dodge to Mr. Bryan. July 6 Same subject. Incloses copy of material part of letter sent by Carranza to Mediators; he has addressed the generals of the Constitutionalist Army and as soon as replies are received he will consider appointment of delegates. 557
Mr. Canova to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. At request of Carranza communicates why Constitutionalists consider plan proposing Provisional President inadvisable. 558
Mr. Riaño to Mr. Bryan. do Protection of mining interests. Accepts for his government proposal of agreement of July 2, 1914. 720
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Miller (telegram). do Taxation. Asks information about banking facilities at Tampico. and whether port authorities are observing Villareal’s directions. 745
Mr. Bryan to American Missions in Argentina Brazil, and Chile (telegram). July 7 Political affairs. Directs that thanks and appreciation of this Government be conveyed to Minister for Foreign Affairs for good offices and for what has so far been accomplished in mediation. 559
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Key (telegram). do Protection of Spanish interests. Instructs him to investigate reported imprisonment at Tepic of Bishop Segura and Father Vilalta and if circumstances warrant to request release of prisoners. 823
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Clausse. July 8 Same subject. Informs him of desire of Gen. Carranza that diplomatic representatives at Washington make representation directly to Carranza through the Foreign Relations office. (Mutatis mutandis to representatives of the Netherlands, Germany, and Spain.) 823
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Taxation. Local authorities have not yet received orders to accept New York exchange at prevailing rates. If this ruling is fairly enforced there will be no further complaint. 746
Mr. Carothers to Mr. Bryan July 9 Political affairs. Encloses copy of agreement between Carranza and Villa. 559
[Page LXXXV] Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914.July 9 Same subject. Carranza says satisfactory under standing between all chiefs is assured; they are all opposed to treating with Huerta’s people, the only way being to fight it out and take Mexico City and the whole country. 560.
82 Mr. de Oliveira to Mr. Bryan (telegram). July 10 Same subject. The protocol signed at Niagara Falls was read before the Mexican Congress; Francisco Carbajal was then appointed Minister for Foreign Affairs, and according to reliable information will become Provisional President. Requests views. 561
560 Mr. Agacio to Mr. Bryan do Same subject. Quotes telegram from Chilean Minister for Foreign Affairs expressing thanks for President’s message of July 7. 561
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Carranza will not treat with the Huertistas except upon basis of unconditional surrender. He has telegraphed in this sense to Mr. Zubaran for communication to the mediators. Discusses provisional presidency. 562
293 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher. do Protection of British interests. Encloses note from British Embassy concerning sequestration of Benton property, and requests expression of views in regard to taking matter up with Carranza for purpose of having Villa’s order in the matter countermanded. 864
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hanna (telegram). do Taxation. Point out to Carranza the injustice of authorities declining to accept Constitutionalist currency, in view of decree of Feb. 28, 1914, making it obligatory upon officials as well as public to Accept such currency. 746
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Miller (telegram). do Same subject. Asks what arrangement can be made at Tampico for New York exchange requirements 746
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Canova (telegram). do Same subject. Tampico reports that ideal authorities have not received orders to accept New York exchange. Request that order be repeated and that it be sent to Tuxpam also. 747
Mr. Canova to Mr. Bryan (telegram). July 11 Same subject. Substance of department’s telegram of the 10th inst. has been forwarded to Villareal. 747
Mr. Lorillard to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Do Political affairs. Transmits acknowledgment of Argentine Minister for Foreign Affairs to telegram of July 7 expressing thanks for good offices 563
Mr. Riaño to Mr. Bryan. July 12 Protection of Spanish interests. Informs Department of receipt of telegram stating that the Constitutionalists at Zaeatecas have shot three priests, expelled about twenty and that several Sisters oi St. Therese are in hiding at that place. Good offices requested. 824
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Taxation. There will be no difficulty about obtaining New York exchange. Makes suggestions as to obtaining quotations of rates. 747
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). July 13 Same subject. Villareal states that decree of March made export duties, bar and other port dues, payable in gold. 748
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Bryan. do Same subject. Makes statement of the Mexican demand to have bar dues paid in gold and expresses the hope that the American Government will do everything it can to induce the Constitutionalists to withdraw that demand. 748
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). July 14 Same subject. Quotes telegrams from Consul General Hanna showing that the Constitutionalists have not issued instructions to accept New York exchange at prevailing currency rates instead of arbitrary rate of two for one. 749
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hanna (telegram). July 15 Same subject. Department does not understand what you mean by one for two when exchange rate is one for three. Will not General Carranza arrange payment of la barra and other taxes in Constitutionalist currency. 749
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). do Same subject. Consul Miller going on leave. If he has left, go with Carranza to Tampico and take up the matter of payment of taxes. Endeavor to agree upon some practical basis. 750
84 Mr. de Oliveira to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Political affairs. Huerta will resign this afternoon and Carbajal will become Provisional President, with best disposition to facilitate arrangements for pacification. Department’s views would be appreciated. 563
162 Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira. do Same subject. Resignation and departure of Huerta will simplify matters. It is taken for granted that the new President will arrange with Carranza for peaceful transfer of authority. This Government will use influence to bring parties together. 564
[Page LXXXVI] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). 1914July 16 Same subject. Instruction to accompany Carranza until further orders, and to urge him to receive any representatives sent by Carbajal. In case none is sent advise him to make known to Carbajal terms upon which transfer of government may be made. 564
87 Mr. de Oliveira to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. He has congratulated the new President, who, while disposed to made arrangements with revolutionists, fears complications; points out some reasons for fears; prefers to negotiate through mediators. 564
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Miller (telegram) do Taxation. Quotes exchange rates. Will port authorities accent these quotations 750
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. The Secretary of Finance insists that production taxes, etc., are payable in gold coin, neither bank bills nor silver are acceptable. The Mexican gold peso is quoted at 49 cents and a fraction, which is practically two for one. 750
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hanna (telegram). do Protection of Spanish interests. Informs him of purport of July 12 from the Spanish Ambassador and instructs him to bring the matter to the attention of Carranza with renewed suggestion as to advisability of moderate and kind treatment of persons connected with religious organizations. 824
Mr. Clausse to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of French interests. Inquiries as to correctness of information concerning the murder of two French Christian Brothers, Messrs. Astru and Gills at Zacatecas. 869
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs him to use his influence to secure release of Brothers of Christian School imprisoned at Zacatecas and to secure punishment of those responsible for killing of two of the Brothers. Urge upon authorities imperative importance of protecting those engaged in religious teaching. (Same to the American vice to Consul at Saltillo.) 869
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). July 17 Same subject. There are twelve French Christian Brothers at Saltillo who are safe and unmolested. Is assured by local government that, subject to certain restrictions, they will receive full protection. 870
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do . Protection of Spanish interests. Informs Department that reports coming to the Spanish Ambassador concerning priests being shot and imprisoned have been brought to the attention of Carranza. 824
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Taxation. Absolutely no concessions have been made in response to representations by Department. 751
88 Mr. de Oliveira to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Political affairs. Diplomatic corps attends official reception of Provisional President, who in reply to usual address of dean, confirmed good intentions to promote pacification of country. 565
90 Same to same (telegram). July 18 Same subject. President Carbajal instructs military commanders not to execute prisoners. Railroad line ordered repaired and mail service properly reestablished. 565
Memorandum from War Department. do Same subject. Commanding General at Vera Cruz reports Huerta, Blanquet, and party, reached Puerto Mexico at 8.15 p.m. 565
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Taxation. Reports failure to obtain concessions from the Secretary of the Treasury in the matter of payment of export duties. 751
Mr. Clausse to Mr Bryan do Protection of French interests. Reports additional particulars in regard to killing of Messrs Astru and Gilles. French Government indignantly protests against criminal attempts of this character and reserves the right later to demand all reparations. 870
Mr. Phillips to Mr. Clausse. do Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of note of the 20th ultimo. 871
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram.) do Same subject. Gen. Natero, Governor of Zacatecas, disclaims any knowledge of death and persecution of Christian Brothers. Has made representations of Governor Carranza in the matter. 871
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). July 19 Political affairs. Carranza has been handed Department’s message of July 16 and expresses willingness to meet duly accredited representatives of Carbajal. Names Saltillo as place of meeting. 566
167 Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). July 20 Same subject. Informs him of Carranza’s willingness to treat with representatives of Carbajal. 566
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). do Same subject. Brazhan Minister has been asked to inform Carbajal of Carranza’s willingness to meet representatives at Saltillo. Expresses hope that this action will result in meeting. President much gratified. 567
[Page LXXXVII] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Cobb (telegram). 1914 July 20 Same subject. Quotes telegram for delivery to Mr. Carothers, or Villa, if the latter is at Ciudad Juarez. Impress upon Villa duty of using influence to prevent discord among Constitutionalists. Personal quarrels should not jeopardize victory. 667
Mr. de Oliveira to Mr Bryan (telegram). July 22 Same subject. Carbajal willing to treat with Constitutionalists and suggests New York as place of meeting. Situation dangerous on account of attacks near capital; Carranza will resort to reprisals upon reaching Mexico. Frank statement from Carranza would tend to ease situation. 567
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Spring Rice. do Taxation. Gives status of controversy. 751
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Canova (telegram). do Protection of French interests. Instructs him to proceed to Zacatecas to investigate and report concerning death and imprisonment of French priests as well as treatment of religious orders. 872
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). July 23 Same subject. Instructs him to urge Carranza to give instructions to prevent injury to persons or property of Christian Brothers at certain named places.
(Same to Special Agent Carothers)
872
Mr. Clausse to Mr. Bryan do Same subject. Transmits report of French Consular Agent at El Paso giving names of those responsible for the murder and ill treatment of Christian Brothers at Zacatecas. 872
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of Spanish interests. Reports arrival at Tampico of Marcial Cuerruro, a Spanish priest who is being expelled from Mexico by order of the military commander at Cerritos. 825
170 Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). do Political affairs. It would be unwise to suggest New York as meeting place. As early agreement is important, suggests compliance with Carranza’s plan to meet at Saltillo. Importance of amnesty is being urged upon Carbajal and Carranza. Promise of amnesty should be made before delegates are sent. Urge importance of immediate action. 568
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). do Same subject. By direction of the President transmits message for communication to Carranza. Calls particular attention to treatment of foreigners, their lives, property, and rights; treatment of political and military opponents; treatment of Roman Catholic Church. Directed to urge these matters upon attention of appropriate Constitutionalist authorities. 568
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram) do Same subject. By direction of the President transmits message for communication to Villa. (Same as telegram of this date to Mr. Silliman.) 570
Mr. Bundy to Mr. Bryan (telegram). July 24 Same subject. The Vice Consul at Kingston, Jamaica, reports arrival there of General Huerta. 570
do Same subject, Carbajal has decided to appoint two delegates to go to Saltillo; hopes Constitutionalist delegates will be there. He has stopped hostilities against Constitutionalists, and would be pleased if they would do likewise. 570
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of French interests. Reports attitude or revolutionists toward the Catholic priesthood and suggests that diplomatic representatives of Spain, France, and Italy earnestly urge their nationals engaged in religious work in Mexico to retire from the country. 873
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Reports compliance with Department’s telegram of July 23, 3 p m. 873
Mr. Phillips to Mr. Carothers (telegram). July 25 Same subject. Informs him of mission of Mr. Canova to Zacatecas and instructs him as to informing Villa of same. 873
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Riaño. do Protection of Spanish interests. Informs him of sentence of Father Vilalta to imprisonment for eight years and representations made by the Department in the matter. 825
Mr. Phillips to Mr. Silliman (telegram). do Political affairs. Directs that he use his own judgment as to whether the present is an opportune time to suggest to Carranza that he issue statement as suggested in Mr. de Oliveira’s telegram of the 22d. 570
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject Informs him of Mr. de Oliveira’s telegram of the 24th, and expresses hope that Carranza will do his utmost to arrange for prompt and amicable transfer of government. 571
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes note from Secretary of Foreign Relations acknowledging note handed General Carranza by Mr. Silliman July 19, containing points set forth in Department’s July 16 571
[Page LXXXVIII] Mr. de Oliveirato Mr. Bryan 1914. l July 26 Same subject. Carbajal has appointed two delegates to confer with Constitutionalists. 572
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram) do Protection of French interests. Transmits translation of a part of edict of Governor of Nuevo Leon in regard to expulsion of foreign Catholic priests 874
July 27 Same subject. Transmits translation of a decree of Governor of Nuevo Leon regarding the Catholic clergy and the Roman Catholic Church in that State. 874
Mr. Canova to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Requests instructions in regards to proceeding to Zacatecas. 876
Mr. Clausse to Mr. Bryan. do Same subject. Informs Department of the arrest and expulsion from Monterey of fourteen French citizens of the Christian Brothers and requests protection of French interests in North Mexico. 876
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Taxation. Decrees just published in Tampico provide increase in oil production tax from 20 cents gold to 60 cents gold. 752
178 Mr. Bryan to Mr de Oliveira (telegram). do Political affairs. The substance of his telegram or July 24 has been communicated to Mr. Silliman for presentation to Carranza, if thought desirable. 572
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). do Same subject. Informs him of appointment or delegates by Carbajal. Directs that he inform Carranza, and request full protection. 572
181 Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). do Same subject. Informs him that his telegram of July 26 has been communicated to Mr. Silliman with instructions to convey same to Carranza. 573
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Carranza will issue statement in accordance with Department’s suggestion. Demand of Constitutionalists is for unconditional surrender. Protection will be accorded as circumstances of each case demand. 573
100 Mr.de Oliveira to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Carbajal’s delegates have left for Vera Cruz, thence to Tampico with instructions to negotiate at any place agreeable to Constitutionalists. Change of itinerary made necessary by break in railway. 573
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). July 28 Same subject. Informs him concerning departure of Carbajal delegates, and directs that this be brought to attention of Carranza for purpose of having him issue appropriate instructions looking to protection and comfort of delegates. Requests names of Constitutionalist delegates, and to urge armistice. 573
181 Mr Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram) do Same subject Informs him of instructions sen to Mr. Silliman, and adds that names of Constitutionalist delegates will be sent as soon as received. 574
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Carranza will leave to-morrow for Saltillo. He will not name representatives, but will treat personally with representatives of Carbajal. He will try to arrange for prompt, amicable transfer of government and surrender of army. 574
Mr. Bryan to Mr Canova. (telegram). July 29 Protection of French interests. Instructs him to proceed to Zacatecas in accordance with instructions of July 22, and to secure information as to opinion of Constitutionalist leaders regarding effect of decree of July 14 of Governor of Nuevo Leon. 876
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). do Protection of Spanish interests. Instructs him to request Gen. Carranza to give personal consideration to the case of Father Vilalta. 825
Mr. Bevan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). July 30 Taxation. The chief military officer at Tampico has advised him that a war tax has been laid on all business houses regardless of nationality. Has asked for a list of firms and amounts assessed against them 752
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Political affairs. Carranza’s Minister for Foreign Affairs, Fabela, draws distinction between armistice and suspension of military operations; the former may be voluntary concession, while latter presupposes an agreement. 574
Same to same July 31 Same subject. Transmits copy of note from Fabela acknowledging communication based on instruction of July 23. 575
Same to same do Same subject. Incloses copy of note from Fabela saying Carranza has issued directions for the preservation of order in the capital. 575
Same to same do Same subject. Incloses copy of note from Fabela saying Carranza has given appropriate directions for protection of Carbajal delegates. 576
[Page LXXXIX] Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). 1914 July 31 Same subject. Outlines circumstances upon which success of Carranza depends. Warns against excesses of any kind; vindictive and harsh measures adopted at outset and carried into effect by military force and authority might have far reaching and disastrous results. 576
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Canova. do Protection of French interests. Incloses copy of report of French Consular Agent at El Paso, Tex., transmitted to Department in note of July 23 from the French Embassy. (Same to Special Agent Carothers.) 877
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports statement by Secretary of Foreign Relations Fabela that Carranza had official report that no French priests were killed or imprisoned at Zacatecas but that they were deported. 877
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Aug. 1 Same subject. Reports statement by Governor of Nuevo Leon that his decree was a revolutionary measure and when normal conditions prevail will be subject to action of State Legislature. Governor of Tamaulipas states that he has not closed a single Catholic church but that he has expelled every Catholic priest from the State. 877
1361 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Clausse. do . Same subject. Informs him that copies of report transmitted in his July 23d have been sent to Department’s special representatives in Mexico for their information in connection with future representations in behalf of the Christian Brothers. 878
143 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Morgan. do Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers. Quotes from Mr. Silliman’s report and instructs him to convey to Brazilian Government expression of this Government’s appreciation and thanks for services rendered by the Brazilian Minister at Mexico City. 667
284 Mr. Bryan to Mr. W. H. Page. do Same subject. Quotes from Mr. Silliman’s report and instructs him to convey to British Government expression of this Government’s appreciation and thanks for services rendered by the British Vice consul at Saltillo and his assistant. 667
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Bevan (telegram). do Taxation. Advise Department fully of the amount and character of the war tax and to what extent American interests are affected. 753
Mr. Bevan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. There are over 100 American firms in this district, only nine of whom appear on the war tax list. If Americans are compelled to pay the remaining 90 per cent will surely be assessed later on. 753
190 Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). do Political affairs. Informs him of distinction made by Constitutionalists between armistice and suspension of military operations, and that Carranza will suspend military operations upon arrival of duly accredited representatives of Carbajal. 577
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports arrival of peace delegates who complain of treatment shown by Constitutionalist officials, and show desire to quit. States that he finally persuaded them to continue. Requests approval of action. 578
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hanna (telegram). Aug. 2 Same subject. Approves course in urging delegates to continue journey to Saltillo. Any seeming discourtesy must have been due to oversight rather than intention. Expresses anxiety to have conference take place 578
Mr. Bevan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of German interests. Reports German consul requests assistance to prevent local authorities from boarding steamship Antonina and taking off Mexican accused of homicide, which is believed to be mere pretext to cover political charge. 891
Mr. Canova to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of French interests. Reports concerning the killing and expulsion of French priests at Zacatecas by order of Gen. Chao. 878
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Clausse. Aug. 3 Same subject. Informs him of purport of August 1 from Vice Consul Silliman. (Same to the Spanish Ambassador). 878
Same to same do Same subject. Refers to his July 27 and informs | him that the Consul General at Monterey has very broad instructions covering the protection of religious orders, including those that are French. 879
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan. do Political affairs. Incloses copy of letter to Carranza communicating views expressed in Department’s telegram of July 31. 578
[Page XC] Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Aug. 3 Same subject. Communicates translation of text of statement made public by representatives of Carranza giving reason why there could be no conference with the representatives of Carbajal. 579
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Carbajal envoys manifest surprise that they were expected to make unconditional surrender, and have asked for instructions from their Government. No suspension of military operations has been ordered. 580
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Envoys submitted six conditions from Government at Mexico City. Hope of settlement has disappeared and campaign will continue. 580
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Bevan (telegram). do Protection of German interests. Directs that he advise local authorities to proceed with extreme caution and to use moderation in dealing with German steamship officials. 891
Same to same (telegram) Aug. 4 Same subject. Informs him of sending a telegram to Mr. Silliman concerning political refugees on Antonina. 891
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan. do Political affairs. Envoys request that departure for Mexico City be announced. 580
523 Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan. do Protection of mining interests. Forwards copy of a decree issued by the Governor of the State of Chihuahua requiring renewal of suspended industrial and mining operations within one month. Comments and asks instructions. 720
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Bevan (telegram). do Taxation. Send at once detailed information about the war tax. This Government can not consent to the levy of a war tax which is discriminatory or unreasonable. 753
Mr. Haniel to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Protection of German interests. Asks that protection of German life and property be formally assumed by American land forces and war vessels. 891
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). do Same subject. Directs that Carranza be asked to order release of steamship Antonina without removal of Nueva and Pesos, political refugees. 892
Mr. Bevan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports search of Antonina by armed force of Constitutionalists. 892
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). do Protection of French interests. Informs him of purport of Aug. 2 from Mr. Canova and instructs him to present the matter to Gen. Carranza and urgently insist that the guilty parties be adequately punished. 879
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Clausse. do Same subject. Informs him of purport of Aug. 2 from Mr. Canova and Aug. 4 to Mr. Silliman. American Ambassador at Paris informed. 880
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Riaño Aug. 5 Same subject. Informs him of suggestion telegram from Vice Consul Silliman that Spanish Govt, urge her Nationals engaged in religious work in Mexico to retire from that country for the present. (Mutatis mutandis to French and Italian Ambassadors.) 880
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Inquires if Department can fully confirm information given in its Aug. 4. It is stated that Chao was executed prior to June 27. 880
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan do Same subject. Quotes translation of statement of Minister of Foreign Relations showing that Gen. Villa did not order the execution of two Christian Brothers nor the imprisonment of eleven others at Zacatecas. but he did order their expulsion. 881
Mr. Riaño to Mr. Bryan do Protection of Spanish interests. Asks protection of property of Spaniards at San Luis Potosi where Constitutionalists are said to be enforcing loans and confiscating cattle. 826
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). do Same subject. Informs him of contents of Mr. Riano’s note of this date and directs that he require Carranza to telegraph orders with view to discontinuance of practice. 826
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan do Same subject. Quotes Mr. Fabela’sreply concerning persecution of Spanish subjects, especially persons connected with religious organizations. 826
524 Mr. Letcher to Mr. Bryan Aug. 6 Protection of British interests. Reports parceling out of Benton property under Villa’s orders. Says that order from Carranza would not be respected by Villa. 864
Mr. Bevan to Mr. Bryan do Protection of German interests. Reports release of Antononia. 892
1171 Same to same do Same subject. Makes full report concerning the detention, search, and release of the Antononia. 893
[Page XCI] Mr. Bevan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Aug. 6 Taxation. Quotes letter received from the chief military officer at Tampico stating that the contribution asked for is not a forced loan but a war tax upon the general commerce of the port. Has requested an extension of time. 754
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). do Political affairs. Directed to express to Carranza regret that any lack of attention or consideration has been shown Carbajal delegates. Outlines further considerations to be urged upon Carranza. 580
Same to same (telegram). Aug. 7 Same subject. Emphasize to Carranza fact that unless political amnesty is assured there may be fighting in Mexico City and resulting deaths would be hard to justify. This Government’s action in matter of recognition must depend in part upon manner in which his authority is acquired. 581
Same to same (telegram) do Protection of French interests. Informs him that Department has most reliable information from two sources that Astruc and Giles were shot June 24. 881
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Haniel (telegram). Aug. 8 Protection of German interests. Acknowledges his Aug. 4; this Government will continue to use its good offices. 894
Mr. Hamel to Mr. Bryan Do Same subject. Expresses thanks for action taken at Guadalajara which resulted in Constitutionalists respecting German interests. 894
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). Do Taxation. Advises him of the war tax levy at Tampico and instructs him to urge General Carranza to have the decrees withdrawn. 754
Same to same (telegram). Do Political affairs. It is hoped that Carbajal and Carranza may reach agreement that will bring about peaceful transfer of government. Department is sure Carbajal is willing to waive all conditions excepting amnesty to political prisoners. 581
119 Mr. de Oliveira to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Transmits statement from Carranza which seems to leave no hope for peaceful transfer of power; also a note from Carbajal which he asks be transmitted to Carranza’s Secretary of War Velasco regarding disposition of Federal troops and entry of Constitutionalist army. 582
120 Same to same (telegram) Aug. 9 Same subject. It would be a deplorable mistake should Carranza decline Velasco’s suggestion; he has been informed that in case of refusal the Army contemplates starting new revolution against Constitutionalists by proclaiming General Angeles candidate for Presidency and trying to unite with Villa. 582
Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). do Same subject. Urge upon Carbajal the folly of resistance; it is of the highest importance that agreement should be reached. 583
Mr. de Oliveira to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s Aug. 9 communicated to Carbajal, but probably too late, as Obregon is near city and demands unconditional surrender. President and army willing to comply; the latter being ready to evacuate without fighting. Good offices of Diplomatic Corps asked by Carbajal and Carranza’s agent to facilitate occupation by Constitutionalists. 583
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman. (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes Mr. de Oliveira’s Aug. 9 and instructs to urge upon Carranza the importance of continuing negotiations in conciliatory spirit until a basis is reached for peaceful transfer of authority. 583
Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). Aug. 10 Same subject. Instruction to do everything possible to assist in peaceful transfer of the Government. 584
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers. Aug. 11 Same subject. Instruction to use good offices with Villa, as Mr. Silliman has been instructed to do with Carranza, to secure adjustment of differences between the two chiefs. 584
124 Mr. de Oliveira to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Aug. 12 Same subject. Reports interview with Carranza, who does not accept the idea of an arrangement with Carbajal to save the situation. 585
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Taxation. General Carranza is without advice on war tax decree. He has asked Tampico for explanation. 755
Mr. Bevan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Aug. 13 Same subject. American firms were notified that war tax would have to be paid within 24 hours. Rather than pay companies will close. Companies have requested that consular seal be placed on their doors. 755
[Page XCII]125 Mr. de Oliveira to Mr. Bryan (telegram). 1914. Aug. 13 Political affairs. Carbajal has dissolved his government and left for Vera Cruz with several members of Cabinet. Capital delivered to Governor of Federal District, who will sign agreement with General Obregon for delivery of the city. Believes this agreement will fulfill stipulations of Niagara protocol. Requests views of Department. 585
206 Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). do Same subject. Congratulates him on arrangements made, which it is felt are the best possible under the circumstances. Asks that compliments be presented to Carranza and Governor of District; this Government trusts this will be the beginning of an era of peace, prosperity, and progress for Mexico. 585
126 Mr. de Oliveira to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Transmit translation of agreement signed by Governor of Federal District and General Obregon. 586
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes translated text of articles of treaty terminating the war. 586
207 Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). Aug. 14 Same subject. The agreement is satisfactory; peaceful transfer of power is assured. The President appreciates the ability with which the matter was handled. 587
1182 Mr. Bevan to Mr. Bryan do Protection of oil interests. Incloses copy of a decree issued by the Governor of Vera Cruz relating to the lease of oil lands in that State. 710
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Aug. 15 Severance of diplomatic relations. Transmits Mr. Silliman’s Aug. 13: “To the Brazilian Minister solely is due the preparation of the document signed Aug. 15 terminating the civil war in Mexico.” 646
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). do Taxation. If not already done so take immediate action on Department’s telegram of the 8th instant regarding war tax. 755
Mr. Bevan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Americans have not paid war tax and no forceful measures have been taken by authorities. 755
Same to same (telegram). Aug. 17 Same subject. War tax measure has been referred to Governor Callero and no further action will be taken pending instructions from him. 756
130 Mr. de Oliveira to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Political affairs. Quotes note from Mr. Fabela expressing Carranza’s thanks for congratulations. 588
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Da Gama. Aug. 18 Severance of diplomatic relations. Incloses Mr. Hanna’s Aug. 15 and requests him to express to his Government the thanks of this Government for the excellent work done by the Brazilian Minister in behalf of Americans. 646
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Carothers (telegram). do Protection of mining interests. Make representations to General Villa against the decree issued by the Governor of Chihuahua concerning mining operations and ask him to order modification of the decree. 722
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Aug. 19 Taxation. Quotes letter from Secretary Bonillas concerning payment of mining taxes in which he states that payments made to the Huerta Government since Mar. 1, 1913, will not be recognized as valid. 756
Same to same (telegram) Aug. 20 Political affairs. Report Carranza’s triumphal entry into the capital. 588
132 Mr. de Oliveira to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Aug. 22 Same subject. Carranza has notified Governors of States and other Mexican authorities of assumption of executive power without stating in what capacity. Notice not given diplomatic corps. Use of good offices prevents passports being given British Minister, who leaves voluntarily tomorrow. All Mexican Government Secretaries and Consuls dismissed. 588
Mr. Bryan to Mr. de Oliveira (telegram). do Same subject. Instruction to urge avoidance of anything which could be construed as a lack of courtesy to diplomatic representatives. Due regard should be had by Carranza for diplomatic usage and respect for diplomatic character of foreign representatives. 589
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman. (telegram). do Taxation. Bring Sr. Bonillas’s letter to the attention of General Carranza with the statement that this Government assumes that the stand taken by Sr. Bonillas does not have his concurrence. 756
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Aug. 23 Political affairs. Carranza states that nothing has been arranged regarding relations with Zapata, but intimates that good offices of United States might be effective in arranging a conference. 589
[Page XCIII] Same to same (telegram). 1914. Aug. 23 Same subject. Quotes communication from Carranza asking that President Wilson be notified that he has assumed the Executive Authority of the Mexican Republic, in conformity with the Plan of Guadalupe; text of the Plan. 589
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). Aug. 24 Same subject. Carranza’s message has been brought to the attention of the President. Expresses hope for lasting peace, prosperity, and progress in Mexico. 590
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Carranza has not assumed title of President, and proper address is First Chief in charge of the Executive Authority. 590
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). Aug. 25 Same subject. The President will be pleased to render any assistance in his power in securing conference between Carranza and Zapata. This Government is ready to assist in every legitimate way to advance welfare of people of Mexico. 591
Mr. de Oliveira to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Reports conference with Carranza concerning diplomatic corps. Has convinced him of necessity of showing due consideration, and he will notify corps of his having taken possession of the Executive Power. 590
Mr. Zubaran Capmany to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. As Confidential Agent of the Chief of the Constitutional Army of Mexico he informs this Government of the assumption of the Executive Power by Carranza. 591
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Aug. 26 Same subject. The attitude of Zapata toward Carranza is decidedly unfriendly; will meet him in conference at his own military camp. Carranza states that he will not go to the camp. Villa emissaries are with Zapata. 591
1190 Mr. Bevan to Mr. Bryan Aug. 27 Protection of oil interests. Incloses a decree issued by Candido Aguilar, Governor of Vera Cruz, declaring null and void all leases, concessions, and contracts celebrated during the Huerto administration. 711
217 Mr. Bryan to Sr. Oliveira (telegram). do Taxation. Demand has been made upon certain American companies to again pay mining taxes already paid to Huerta Government. Request that orders be issued against the exaction of double taxes. 757
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). Aug. 28 Protection of French interests. Instructs him to inquire as to the future attitude of General Carranza toward the Brothers of the Christian Schools. 881
Memorandum to Mr. Zubaran Capmany. do Political affairs. Acknowledges note of the 25th instant. 592
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). do Same subject. Directs that he inform Carranza that an American named Hall is being sent to Mexico with the view of bringing about a meeting between Carranza and Zapata. The President is sending a personal representative, Mr. Fuller, to confer with Carranza. Directs that he meet them at Vera Cruz. 592
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Aug. 29 Same subject. Carranza wishes to arrange meeting with Zapata himself, but failing in this he will then use the good offices of the United States. 592
Same to same (telegram) do Protection of French interests. States that the attitude of the present Governmental organization in Mexico is decidedly unfriendly toward all Catholic schools. It is not expected that schools will be permitted to reopen at any time in the near future. 881
Same to same (telegram) do Taxation. Department’s objection concerning payment of mining taxes is sustained except where payment could have been made to Constitutionalists in territory occupied by them. 757
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Davis (telegram). do Forced loans imposed on American citizens. Directs endeavor to obtain postponement of loan said to have been imposed on A. A. Neil and J. L. Burt, Americans, at Guadalaiara. 778
Mr. Bevan to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Aug. 31 Protection of American interests. About one hundred Americans have returned to Tampico, now destitute and seek financial assistance which has been refused. Suggests press notice advising against return to Tampico for work. 688
298 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Letcher Sept. 1 Protection of British interests. Refers to his 524 of Aug. 6; instructs him to inform Villa that Benton property has been in charge of representative of estate and rents of tenants must be paid to representative. 865
Mr. Canova to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do. Political affairs. Carranza delegates sent to confer with Zapata have returned without accomplishing anything. Zapata says differences may be settled by signing of Plan of Ayala by Carranza; otherwise he will agree to nothing Villa has not first approved. 592
[Page XCIV] General Obregon to Mr. Cobb. 1914. Sept. 1 Same subject. General Obregon acknowledges with friendly expressions a personal letter from Mr. Bryan. 593
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). Sept. 2 Taxation. Inform General Carranza that this Government can not consent to the exception referred to in Consul’s telegram of the 29th ultimo. 757
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Bevan (telegram). Sept. 3 Protection of American interests. Approves action reported in his telegram of Aug. 31. Notice given to press. 689
634 do. Protection of oil interests. Obtain information whether the decree issued by Governor Aguilar, releasing of oil lands, is intended to relate to future transactions only. 712
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Cobb (telegram). Sept. 4 Political affairs. The Department appreciates the friendly expressions contained in General Obregon’s note, copy of which has been sent to the President. 593
Mr. Fuller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Sept. 5 Same subject. Carranza disclaims intention of prolonging interim government, and has issued call for convention of governors and generals for Oct. 1, in accordance with plans of Guadalupe and Torreon to provide for permanent Government. Zapata adjustment paralyzed by refusal of Zapata to confer with Carranza except at former’s remote headquarters. Suggests President send a message to Zapata. 594
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Silliman (telegram). Sept. 7 Same subject. Directs that he inform Zapata that this Government earnestly desires that he confer and cooperate with Constitutionalists in securing needed reforms; he should call on Carranza personally at Mexico City, or some intermediate place. Carranza should give guaranties of safe conduct. 594
Mr. Fuller to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Villa and Obregon sign joint programme for establishment of civil government; outlines of provision. Call for convention is unsatisfactory and new programme should be carried out. 594
Mr. da Gama to Mr. Bryan. Sept. 10 Severance of diplomatic relations. Acknowledges with measure his Aug. 18. 647
508 Mr. Davis to Mr. Bryan do Forced loans imposed on American citizens. Refers to correspondence had with military governor of State and asks whether he should request exemption in certain cases of Mexican companies, stock in which is largely controlled by Americans. 778
Mr. Silliman to Mr. Bryan (telegram). Sept. 11 Political affairs. Quotes translation of telegram sent by Obregon to Villa and Gonzalez concerning continued occupation of Vera Cruz by American troops, and suggesting communication to the Provisional President requesting that he take up question of evacuation of territory. 595
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Note from Minister for Foreign Affairs says that as Constitutionalists have taken over the government, he will be glad to receive any representations this Government may think proper to make. 595
Same to same (telegram) Sept. 12 Same subject. Attempts to come to agreement with Zapata without assistance of United States have resulted in failure and increased friction. 596
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Quotes Villa’s reply to Obregon’s telegram concerning occupation of Vera Cruz. 596
1210 Mr. Bevan to Mr. Bryan do