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Index

A.

  • A. B. C. mediation between the United States and Mexico 145
  • Abrogation of the Capitulations by Turkey 1090
  • Admission of aliens 3, 8
  • Address of the President to the Congress, annual xi
  • Agents charged with governmental functions 978
  • Agreements. See Treaties.
  • Alienation of land 426
  • Aliens:
    • admission of adopted children of American-born Chineses 3
    • admission and return of Chinese participating in the Panama-Pacific International Exposition and the Panama-California Exposition 8 admission and return of aliens, other than Chinese, participating in the Panama-Pacific and the Panama-California Expositions 8
    • claims presented by 912, 919
    • exclusion laws, enforcement in war time 19
    • land ownership by—
      • Americans in Morocco 910
      • Japanese in California 426
    • persons whose American fathers have never resided in the United States 15
    • See also Chinese; Citizenship.
  • Allegiance. See Citizenship; France: liability to French military service; Italy: liability to military service.
  • American citizens in—
    • Chosen (Korea); abolition of foreign settlements 434
    • Cuba: attack on the American Chargé d’Affaires; pardon of Enrique Maza 189
    • Dominican Republic: appointment of an American as comptroller of finance 193
    • Ecuador:
      • Goo Kwai, exclusion of 286
      • Jones, Robert B., imprisonment of 281
    • France: liability to French military service 291
    • Gold Coast, West Africa: colonization project of American negroes 321
    • Haiti: rights of Syrian-born citizens of the United States 341, 343
    • Italy: liability to military service 389
    • Mexico. See Mexico: Protection of American citizens, etc.
    • Morocco: protection of vested rights to land tenure 905 et seq.
    • Nicaragua; deportation of Clifford D. Sands 940
    • Panama: assault cases of 1912 985
    • Spitzbergen, status in 974
  • American claims. See Claims.
  • American consular officers:
  • American diplomatic officers, pardon of Enrique Maza for attack on 189 See also Diplomatic officers.
  • American missionaries in—
  • American National Red Cross: Huai River (China) conservancy and prevention of famine; surveys initiated 95
  • American protégés in Morocco 905
  • Americanists, Nineteenth International Council of 8, 20, 145
  • Amnesty bill, Cuban: attitude of the United States 187
  • Arbitration:
    • boundary dispute between Costa Rica and Panama 993
    • claims, pecuniary:
      • Guayaquil & Quito Railway Co. v. Ecuador 274
      • Haiti: proposal of protocol 360
      • international treaty, proclamation of 1109
    • Colombia and the United States; desirability of a treaty of general arbitration between 144
    • Pan American arbitration treaty, desirability of a 145
    • treaties and agreements. See Treaties: by subject.
    • Administrative Council of the Permanent Court of 4, 10
  • Arbitrator’s powers limited by convention 998
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand, assassination of 24
  • Archives, inviolability of consular 326
  • Argentina:
    • mediation between Mexico and the United tSates. See Mexico: mediation, etc.
    • Plaza, succession to the Presidency of Victorino de la 21
    • Saenz Peña, death of President 21
  • Armistice distinguished from suspension of hostilities 493, 514, 574
  • Arms: exportation from the United States to Mexico 446
  • Army. See United States Army.
  • Arrest of American citizens while within extraterritorial protection 457, 475
  • Arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers 657
  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and the Duchess of Hohenberg 24
  • Assault on American citizens in—
    • Cuba: pardon of Enrique Maza 189
    • Panama 985
  • Asylum. See Refuge.
  • Austria-Hungary:
    • arbitration agreement 23
    • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and the Duchess of Hohenberg 24
  • Award:
    • boundary between Costa Rica and Panama:
      • text of award by Chief Justice White 1000
      • refusal of Panama to accept the award 993
    • interpretation by an arbitrator of a previous award 996

B.

  • Barros Luco, Ramón, President of Chile 36
  • Bay, territorial 953
  • Belligerency 93
  • Benavides, Oscar, President of Peru 1061
  • Bertrand, Francisco, President of Honduras 387
  • Billinghurst, Guillermo E., President of Peru 1061
  • Blockade 231, 241, 382
  • Bolivia: boundary agreement with Paraguay; good offices of the United States 27
  • Bombardment 238, 241
  • Bonds. See Loans.
  • Boundary, firing across a 649
  • Boundary of territorial waters 953
  • Boundary disputes between—
    • Bolivia and Paraguay 27
    • Costa Rica and Panama 993
  • Boxer indemnity payments 69
  • Brazil:
    • American refugees in Mexico assisted by Brazilian diplomatic and consular officers 668
    • mediation between the United States and Mexico. See Mexico: mediation.
    • message of the President, Marshal Hermes R. da Fonseca, to Congress 30
    • representation of American interests in Mexico by the Brazilian Minister. See Mexico: severance of diplomatic relations.
  • Bulgaria: reception of the first Minister of Bulgaria to the United States 32
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C.

  • California land laws, protest of Japan against certain 426
  • Canal, Panama. See Panama Canal.
  • Canal treaty, proposed Nicaraguan. See Nicaragua.
  • Capitulations, abrogation of, by Turkey 1090
  • Carbajal, Francisco S., President of Mexico 563,564,585
  • Carranza, Venustiano, President of Mexico 588, 594
  • Catholic Church, treatment of, in Mexico 867, 875
  • Central America, restoration of the Union of the States of; allusion 955, 957
  • Chile:
    • mediation between the United States and Mexico. See Mexico: mediation.
    • message of the President, Ramón Barros Luco, to the Congress 36
  • China:
    • Administrative Conference 38
    • admission into the United States of refugees from Mexico 896
    • admission into the United States of adopted children of American-born Chinese 3
    • admission and return of participants in the Panama-Pacific and the Panama-California Expositions 8
    • American citizen of Chinese birth excluded from Ecuador 286
    • American Red Cross 95
    • Boxer indemnity payments 69
    • claims of American citizens 81
    • Constitutional Compact. See Revised Provisional Constitution.
    • Constitutional Convention 88
    • Costa Rica, representation by American diplomatic and consular officers of Chinese in 174
    • Currency Law of February 7, 1914; text 65
    • currency reform: promulgation of a currency law 64
    • development of government organization 52, 54, 61
    • extraterritoriality 121
    • Goodnow draft of a constitution; text 44
    • Huai River conservancy and prevention of famine 95
    • loan negotiations 61
    • Mexico, protection by the United States of Chinese in 896
    • mining regulations affecting treaty rights; objections of the United States 133
    • moratorium, declaration of a 67
    • National Assembly 38
    • political affairs 38
    • Political Council 38
    • Presidential Election Law of October 5, 1913; text 41
    • Provisional Constitution of March 10, 1912; text 38
    • Red Cross, American 95
    • Revised Provisional Constitution (Constitutional Compact) of May 1, 1914 52, 53, 56
    • sovereign right of taxation 121
    • taxation of foreigners 119
    • treaty ports 119
    • United States Army engineer to superintend surveys 95
    • wives or widows of American citizens, status of 5
  • Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 6
  • Chosen. See Japan.
  • Circular instructions to American diplomatic and consular officers 3
  • Citizenship:
    • adoption, Chinese who can not acquire citizenship by 3
    • alien status of persons whose American fathers have never resided in the United States 15
    • Chinese wives or widows of American citizens, status of 5
    • Chinese-born American citizen (Goo Kwai) excluded from Ecuador 286
    • dual citizenship 292, 295, 389
    • French-born American citizens contemplating return to France, notice to 300
    • military service in foreign countries of persons residing in the United States, liability for 17, 291, 389
    • reacquisition of 393
    • See also American citizens; France; Italy; Japan; Nationality; Naturalization; Treaties, by subject.
  • Civil jurisdiction.
  • Claims presented by aliens 912, 919
  • Claims, international convention concerning 1109
  • Claims against:
    • China—
      • return of unused portion of Boxer indemnity claims fund 69
      • revolution claims fund 81
    • Ecuador: Guayaquil & Quito Railway Co. v. Ecuador 274
    • Morocco—
  • Colombia:
    • adherence to mediation between the United States and Mexico 141
    • arbitration treaty between the United States and Colombia, desirability of a general 144
    • message of President Restrepo to the Congress 140
    • report of the Minister for Foreign Affairs 142
    • sovereignty in the Isthmus of Panama 157
    • Treaty of April 6, 1914, between the United States and Colombia
      • brief history 141
      • correspondence 146
      • text163
    • See also Panama: boundary dispute, etc.; railroad construction, etc.
  • Comity, arrest and imprisonment of consular officers inconsistent with 657
  • Conferences and congresses:
    • Americanists, Nineteenth International Congress of 8, 20, 145
    • Dry-farming Congress, International 17
    • Pan American Scientific Congress, Second 11
    • Opium Conference, Second International 924
    • Opium Conference, Third International 924
    • Peace Conference, Third International 4, 10
    • Spitzenbergen 974
  • Confiscatory taxes. See Mexico: protection of American oil interests; protection of American mining interests; confiscatory taxation of American citizens; forced loans imposed on American citizens.
  • Constitutions:
    • China:
      • Provisional Constitution of 1912 38
      • Presidential Election Law of 1913 41
      • Goodnow draft of a constitution, with explanatory notes 44
    • Venezuela 1095
  • Consular officers:
  • Conventions. See Treaties.
  • Copyright, international convention on literary and artistic 1108
  • Corn Islands, Great and Little 966
  • Coronation of the Shah of Persia 1059
  • Costa Rica:
    • arbitration agreement between the United States and Costa Rica, extending the duration of the convention of January 13, 1909; text 173
    • boundary dispute between Costa Rica and Panama 993
    • Chinese interests represented by American diplomatic and consular officers 174
    • message of the President, Ricardo Jiménez, to the Congress 170
    • Nicaraguan canal treaty, protest of Costa Rica against a proposed 953
    • Nicaraguan revolutionists, protest of the United States against the presence in Costa Rica of 180
    • treaty for the advancement of general peace, concluded between the United States and Costa Rica; text 171
  • Cuba:
    • amnesty bill 187
    • naval station at Guantánamo 186
    • pardon of Enrique Maza 189
  • Customs. See Tariff.

D.

  • De facto authorities, collection of taxes from foreigners by 730
  • Descent: American citizenship does not descend to persons whose American fathers have never resided in the United States 15
  • Diplomatic channel the only proper course in certain controversies 434
  • Diplomatic intervention, limitations of 279
  • Diplomatic officers:
  • Diplomatic and consular officers: representations in behalf of foreigners of other nationalities 793795, 837838, 856857, 859862, 978
  • Designs, international convention concerning protection of 1110
  • Discriminatory legislation against foreign interests. See Mexico: protection of American oil interests; protection of American mining interests.
  • Discriminatory legislation against particular classes of foreigners 426
  • Discriminatory tariffs 912, 919
  • Dominican Republic:
    • financial affairs. See political and financial affairs.
    • Haitian aid to revolutionists in the Dominican Republic: attitude of the United States 238, 240, 241, 251
    • plan of President Wilson for reorganization of government 247, 249, 260
    • political and financial affairs; revolution; resignation of President Bordas; American commission sent to establish order and observe elections; appointment of President Baez; election of President Jiménez; financial difficulties; measures taken by the United States; appointment of an American as Controller of Finance 193
    • protection of British interests 261
    • protection of Porto Rican citizens of the United States drafted into the Dominican army 264
    • recognition by the United States of the Baez provisional government 250 et seq.; of the Jimenez government 255 et seq.
    • United States Peace Commission 248 et seq.
  • Dry-farming Congress, International 17
  • Dual citizenship 292, 295, 389
  • Duchess of Hohenberg, assassination of 24
  • Duties. See Tariff.

E.

  • Ecclesiastical patronage law of Venezuela applied to foreign missionary societies 1099
  • Exposition:
    • Panama-California 8
    • Panama-Pacific International 8
  • Ecuador:
    • adherence to mediation between the United States and Mexico 265
    • American citizens—
      • exclusion of Goo Kwai 286
      • imprisonment of Robert B. Jones 281
    • arbitration treaty with the United States discussed 265
    • arbitration of the Guayaquil & Quito Railway Co. claim 274
    • financial affairs 280
    • Guayaquil, sanitation of 266, 269
    • Guayaquil & Quito Railway Co 266
    • loan requested by Ecuador 280
    • Moreno, President pro tern 272
    • Plaza, President, message to Congress 265
    • policy of the United States 273, 274
    • political affairs: revolution at Esmeraldas; refuge at the American Legation granted to the family of President Plaza 267
  • Estrada Cabrera, Manuel, President of Guatemala 333
  • Exclusion of an American citizen from Ecuador 286
  • Executory force of unilateral action 1090
  • Exemption clause of Panama Canal Act repealed 318
  • Expatriation of naturalized American citizens, presumption of 292
  • Expatriation. See Italy: liability to military service, etc.; see also France, same subject; Citizenship.
  • Extraterritorial jurisdiction of the United States in—

F.

G.

  • Germany:
    • assistance to Americans in Mexico by German officers. See Mexico,
    • protection by the United States of German interests in Mexico. See Mexico.
  • Good offices of the United States. See United States: good offices.
  • Goo Kwai, exclusion from Ecuador 286
  • Great Britain:
    • agreement between the United States and Great Britain in relation to oil interests in Mexico 707708
    • arbitration agreement between the United States and Great Britain 303
    • assistance to Americans in Mexico by British officers. See Mexico: protection of American citizens, etc.; severance of diplomatic relations, etc.
    • colonization of the Gold Coast, West Africa, by American negroes 321
    • jurisdiction of the United States over foreign ships in American waters, and American ships in foreign waters 307
    • Panama Canal tolls: repeal of the provision of the Panama Canal
    • Act exempting vessels in the coastwise trade of the United States from payment of tolls 317
    • protection by the United States of British interests in the Dominican Republic and in Mexico. See Dominican Republic and Mexico.
    • treaty for the advancement of general peace 304
    • Washington statute presented to Great Britain by the State of Virginia 318
  • Greece: inviolability of correspondence of consular officers; interpretation of the consular convention between the United States and Greece 326
  • Guantánamo, naval station at 186
  • Guatemala:
    • message of the President, Manuel Estrada Cabrera, to the Congress 333
    • treaty between the United States and Guatemala for the advancement of peace; text 331
  • Guayaquil & Quito Railway Co. See Ecuador.
  • Gulf of Fonseca 953
  • Gutierrez, Eulalio, President of Mexico 617

H.

  • Hague Peace Conference 4, 10
  • Haiti:
    • Banque Nationale de la République d’Haiti: transfer of gold to New York on the U. S. S. Machias 365 et seq., 377, 380
    • blockade of Cape Haitien 382
    • convention between the United States and Haiti: text of draft submitted by Haiti, 349; counterproposal of the United States 368
    • customs control 349 et seq.
    • Dominican revolutionists aided by Haiti 238, 240, 241, 251
    • financial affairs 334
    • paper money, refusal of the United States to recognize legality of issue of 361 et seq., 375
    • plan of the United States for establishment of constitutional government 357
    • political and financial affairs 334
    • President Oreste, resignation of 336
    • President Zamor, recognition by the United States of the government of 334
    • President Theodore, requisites for recognition by the United States of the government of 334
    • protection of Haitian officials and their families by American diplomatic and consular officers 385
    • recognition by the United States of new governments 341, 376
    • treaty negotiations 349 et seq.
  • Honduras: message of the President, Francisco Bertrand, to the Congress 387
  • Huai River conservancy 95
  • Huerta, Victoriano, President of Mexico 563

I.

  • Immigration in war time, invitation to all governments to cooperate with the United States in regard to 18
  • Immigration laws concerning perjury 9
  • Immigration: See Japan: protest against certain California land laws; Venezuela: certificates of good conduct, etc.
  • Immunity from arrest 457, 475, 657
  • Immunity from military service 17, 291, 389
  • Imprisonment of an American citizen in Ecuador 281
  • Imprisonment. See Arrest.
  • Inalienable property 910
  • Indemnity payments by—
    • China 69
    • United States 146
  • Industrial models, international convention concerning protection of 1110
  • International conferences and congresses. See Conferences and congresses.
  • International conventions. See Treaties, international: by subject.
  • International exposition. See Exposition.
  • International Preparatory Committee recommended by the Second Hague Peace Conference 4, 10
  • Interoceanic canal treaty correspondence 953
  • Intervention of the United States, removal of gold from Haiti on U. S. S. Machias held by Haiti to be 371, 377, 380
  • Intervention, diplomatic, limitations of 279
  • Invasion for purpose of kidnapping 900
  • Inventions, international convention concerning protection of 1110
  • Italy:
    • American citizens held liable to military service 389
    • arbitration agreement between the United States and Italy extending the duration of the Convention of March 28, 1908 388
    • naturalization convention between the United States and Italy, correspondence concerning the negotiation of a 389

J.

  • Japan:
    • abolition of foreign settlements in Chosen (Korea) 434
    • arbitration agreement between the United States and Japan extending duration of the convention of 1908; text 424
    • protest of Japan against certain land laws of California 426
  • Jiménez, Ricardo, President of Costa Rica 170
  • Jones, Robert B., imprisonment in Ecuador 281
  • Jurisdiction:

K.

  • Kidnapping a Mexican citizen in the United States 900
  • King Carol I of Roumania, death of 1072
  • King Ferdinand I of Roumania, accession of 1072
  • Korea. See Japan.

L.

M.

  • Marines, United States: escort to protect transfer of gold 365 et seq., 377
  • Maritime law:
    • extraterritoriality of boat from public vessel 457, 475
    • jurisdiction of the United States over foreign ships in American waters, and American ships in foreign waters 307
  • Maza, Enrique, pardon of 189
  • Mediation of plenipotentiaries of Argentina, Brazil, and Chile between the United States and Mexico 487 et seq.
    • adherence of Colombia 141, 145
    • adherence of Ecuador 265
  • Mediation does not per se suspend hostilities 514
  • Melendez, Carlos, President of Salvador 1075, 1077
  • Merchant vessels, jurisdiction of the United States over 307
  • Messages of the President of the United States to the Congress:
    • annual address xi
    • special messages—
      • Panama Canal: March 5, 1914, requesting the repeal of the provision of the Panama Canal Act exempting vessels in the coastwise trade of the United States from payment of tolls 317
      • Mexico: April 20, 1914, submitting a statement on “The Situation in our dealings with General Victoriano Huerta at Mexico City” 474
  • Messages of the Presidents of—
  • Mexico:
    • Aguascalientes Convention. See Conventionists.
    • American citizens and interests, protection of 668, 690, 718, 730, 758
    • anti-American demonstrations 448, 657, 659, 660, 670
    • Argentina. See Mediation.
    • armistice 493, 574, 577
    • arms—
      • exportations from the United States to Mexico; revocation of the prohibition proclaimed in 1912 446, 447
      • firing across the boundary line by Mexican troops; preventive measures taken by the United States 649
      • exportation from the United States into Mexico; removal of prohibition; proclamation of February 3, 1914, revoking the proclamation of March 14, 1912 446, 447
    • arrest at Tampico of men from the U. S. S. Dolphin 448 et seq.
    • arrest at Vera Cruz of orderly from the U. S. S. Minnesota 455, 465, 475
    • arrest and imprisonment of American consular officers—
      • Consular Agent Edward A. Powers, at Parral 657
      • Consul General Philip C. Hanna, at Monterey 659
      • Vice Consul John R. Silliman, at Saltillo 660
      • Consul Wilbert L. Bonney, at San Luis Potosi 661
    • Benton, William S., execution of 838
    • Brazil. See post, mediation; severance of diplomatic relations.
    • Brazilian Minister to Mexico—
    • British interests; execution of William S. Benton 838
    • Cantú, kidnapping of Samuel 900
    • Carbajal, Francisco S., provisional presidency of 561, 563, 564
      • recognition by the United States 564
      • dissolves his government and delivers authority to the governor of the Federal district 585
    • Carranza, Venustiano:
      • attitude toward unofficial representations made by American officials in behalf of non-American foreigners 784, 838, 867, 884, 896
      • correspondence concerning—
      • relations with the Carbajal government 564, 566, 568, 570, 572574, 578585
      • entry into Mexico City and assumption of executive power 588, 589, 590, 591, 592, 594, 614
      • calls a convention to organize permanent government 594, 608, 609
      • break with Villa 605, 606, 611, 612, 623
      • relations with Zapata 589592, 594, 596, 627
      • relations with the Aguascalientes convention 612, 615, 618, 620, 623, 625
      • announces decision to transfer executive power to Gutiérrez 622, 623
      • suggests plan for permanent organization of government 623
      • establishes capital at Vera Cruz 627
      • declaration and decree issued at Vera Cruz December 12, 1914, establishing the Provisional Constitutionalist Government 629
    • Catholic Church, treatment of 867, 875
    • Chile. See post, mediation.
    • Chinese interests 896
    • claims of American citizens against Mexico £or damages arising from revolutionary disturbances 569, 575, 655
    • confiscatory taxation 690, 718, 730
    • Constitutionalists—
      • attitude toward Huerta 486
      • attitude toward Carbajal 564
      • assume governmental authority 585, 586, 589
      • declare war on Villa 624
      • establish capital at Vera Cruz 627
      • decree formally establishing the Provisional Government 629
      • definition of “Constitutionalists” 633
    • Convention—
      • Aguascalientes Convention—
        • declares its sovereignty 610
        • elects Gutiérrez provisional President 617, 618, 626
        • declares Carranza in rebellion 620
        • relations with the United States 616
        • relations with Zapata 610, 627
        • elects Villa commander in chief 610, 611, 620, 625, 626
        • appoints a Permanent Commission 622
        • Permanent Commission calls a meeting of the Convention for January 1, 1915 628
    • detention of diplomatic correspondence 453, 465, 475
    • Diaz, ex-President Porfirio 599
    • discriminatory legislation 711715, 720722, and 690784 passim exportation of arms and munitions of war into Mexico from the United States: revocation of the prohibition proclaimed in 1912 446, 447
    • firing across the boundary line by Mexican troops 649
    • forced loans imposed on American citizens 758
    • French interests 867
    • French good offices to Americans 636
    • German interests 884
    • Great Britain: good offices of British diplomatic and consular officers in behalf of Americans 636
    • Gutiérrez, Gen. Eulalio—
      • elected Provisional President 617, 618, 626
      • communication to and from the United States Government 620, 622, 633, 634
      • establishes capital at San Luis Potosi 626
      • reestablishes capital at Mexico City 628
      • rupture with Villa and Zapata 634
    • Huerta, Victoriano—
    • Iturbide, E. N., governor of the Federal District: receives executive power from Provisional President Carbajal and transfers it to Gen. Obregón of the Constitutionalist Army 585, 586
    • kidnapping of Samuel Cantú 900
    • mediation of Argentina, Brazil, and Chile between the United States and Mexico—
      • Chile offers to act with Argentina and Brazil 487
      • plenipotentiaries of Argentina, Brazil, and Chile tender their good offices 488
      • acceptance by the United States 489
      • acceptance by Gen. Huerta 491
      • Spanish Ambassador, good offices of the 492, 493
      • armistice suggested by Huerta declined by the United States 493
      • Carranza accepts mediation 494
      • representation before the mediators 495, 496, 497, 498, 499, 500, 515, 554, 558, 567
      • Niagara Falls, Canada, seat of the conference 497, 498
      • suspension of hostilities discussed 493, 497
      • reports of proceedings and instructions to the American representatives 501563
      • plans of the mediators and of the United States for transfer of power to a provisional government 539, 545, 548 (“Niagara protocol”), 553, 561
      • recess 555
    • mining interests, protection of American 718
      • decrees affecting mining lands 722, 724, 726
    • Obregón, Álvaro—
      • agent of the Constitutionalist Army for the transfer of government from Carbajal to Carranza 586, 587
      • relations with Villa and Carranza 593625
    • oil interests, protection of American 690
    • Plan of Guadalupe of March 26, 1913; text 589
      • basis of assumption of executive power by Carranza 589, 632
    • policy of the United States—
    • political affairs: Constitutionalist revolution against Huerta dictatorship; arrest at Tampico of an officer and men of the U. S. S. Dolphin; occupation of Vera Cruz by United States forces; severance of diplomatic relations and representation of the United States by Brazil; mediation of Argentina, Brazil, and Chile; flight of Huerta; provisional presidency of Carbajal; transfer of the government by Carbajal to the Constitutionalist Army; assumption of executive power by Carranza; Aguascalientes Convention; provisional presidency of Guitérrez; withdrawal of United States forces from Vera Cruz 443
    • protection by the United States of non-American foreign interests in Mexico 784, 838, 867, 884, 896
    • protection of American citizens and interests 668, 690, 718, 730, 758
    • recognition by the United States of the government—
    • refugees, American 668
    • refugees, admission into the United States of Chinese 896
    • religious orders, treatment of 867
    • severance of diplomatic relations between the United States and Mexico; representation of American interests by the Brazilian Legation; withdrawal of consular officers; good offices of the British Minister and of British and French consular officers 484, 490, 492, 494, 636 et seq.
    • Spanish interests 784
    • Tampico incident—
      • Admiral Mayo’s ultimatum 448
      • Admiral Mayo’s report 451
      • Admiral Fiske’s report 457
      • the President’s message to Congress 474
      • Constitutionalists occupy Tampico 499, 561
    • taxation of American citizens 730
    • Vera Cruz, occupation of, by United States forces—
      • customhouse taken 477, 479
      • Admiral Fletcher’s proclamation 481
      • city of Vera Cruz taken 481
      • United States flag raised 491
      • precedents for 493
      • armistice suggested by Huerta 493
      • suspension of hostilities during mediation 493, 497
      • transfer of Vera Cruz from the United States Navy to the United States Army 494
      • military government established 495
      • evacuation by United States forces 625627
      • correspondence preceding 595623
    • Villa, Gen. Francisco—
      • relations with Carranza 485620 passim.
      • manifesto against Carranza 605608, 612
      • joint entry of Villa and Zapata forces into Mexico City 628
      • rupture with Gutiérrez 634
      • execution of William S. Benton 838
    • withdrawal of Americans from Mexico 477, 668 et seq.
    • withdrawal of United States forces from Vera Cruz 625
    • Zapatistas 589628 passim.
      • joint entry of Villa and Zapata forces into Mexico City 628
      • rupture with Gutiérrez 634
  • Military service in foreign countries of residents and citizens of the United States, liability for 17, 291, 389
  • Military servitudes 911
  • Mining regulations in—
    • China, affecting treaty rights 133
    • Mexico, affecting property rights 718
  • Missionaries and missionary societies 867, 875, 1099
  • Models, industrial, international convention concerning protection of 1110
  • Moreno, Alfredo, President pro tern of Ecuador 272
  • Morocco:
    • French protectorate in Morocco; relinquishment of extraterritorial jurisdiction of foreign powers; attitude of the United States 905
    • Benatuil, Jacob, case of 913
  • Most-favored-nation treatment 432

N.

  • Nationality:
    • dual nationality. See Citizenship.
    • naturalization abroad does not cause a loss of French nationality 292
    • proof of nationality prerequisite to filing claim 656
  • Nativity. See Citizenship.
  • Naturalization:
  • Naval rendezvous. See Panama Canal.
  • Naval station at:
    • Guantánamo 186
    • Gulf of Fonseca: protest of Salvador and Costa Rica against proposal of Nicaragua to the United States 953
  • Navigation. See Great Britain: jurisdiction, etc.; Panama Canal tolls.
  • Negroes, colonization of the Gold Coast, West Africa, by American 321
  • Netherlands:
    • agreement between the United States and the Netherlands in relation to oil interests in Mexico 707708
    • Second International Opium Conference: final protocol; text 924
    • Third International Opium Conference: report of the American delegates 932
    • final protocol; protocol for putting into effect the International Opium Convention 924
  • Neutrality:
  • Neutralization of oil-bearing zone 690
  • Nicaragua:
    • canal treaty with the United States proposed, and protests of Salvador and Costa Rica in relation thereto 953
    • financial affairs: good offices of the United States in securing a loan for current expenses 944
    • political affairs: attack on the barracks at Bluefields and other insurrections implicating American citizens; asylum sought at American Consulate; attitude of the United States 940
    • protest of the United States against the presence in Costa Rica of certain Nicaraguan revolutionists 180
  • Norway:
    • arbitration agreement with the United States 970
    • Spitzbergen, international conference on 974
    • treaty for the advancement of general peace, concluded with the United States 971

O.

  • Oil interests in Mexico, American 690
  • Open ports: effect of certain Chinese internal taxes on their value 119et seq.
  • Opium Conference. See Netherlands Opium Convention. See Netherlands.
  • Opium laws and regulations 7, 12, 924
  • Oreste, Michel, resignation of Presidency of Haiti 336
  • Ottoman Government. See Turkey.
  • Ownership of land 426

P.

  • Panama:
    • assault on American citizens 985
    • boundary dispute between Costa Rica and Panama; refusal of Panama to accept the award; acceptance by Costa Rica of the good offices of the United States tendered to both parties 993
    • Colombia’s interests in the Isthmus 146
    • Costa Rica. See boundary dispute.
    • independence of Panama, the United States, the sole guarantor of 1040
    • loans 1028
    • message of the President, Belisario Porras, to the Assembly 982
    • neutrality in the waters of the Isthmus: protocol of 1914 984
    • railroad construction, attitude of the United States toward 1028
    • wireless telegraph control by the United States 1036
  • Panama-California Exposition 8
  • Panama Canal:
    • opening 17
    • naval rendezvous 13
    • operation and navigation: regulations 15
    • protection 1028, 1040
    • tolls 317
  • Panama Canal Act:
    • tolls: repeal of exemption clause 317
    • wireless telegraph: citation of provisions concerning 1037
  • Panama Canal tolls:
    • agreement of 1909 between Great Britain and the United States;
    • reference 148
    • Hay-Pauncefote Treaty of 1901; reference 148, 157
    • repeal of the exemption provision of the Panama Canal Act 317
  • Panama Canal Zone:
    • railroad construction in Panama in relation to 1030
    • wireless telegraph in Panama in relation to 1037
  • Panama-Pacific International Exposition 8, 13, 14
    • Colombia, attitude of 145
  • Panama Railroad Company. See Panama: railroad construction, etc.
  • Pan American arbitration treaty, desirability of a 145
  • Pan American Scientific Congress, Second 11
  • Paraguay:
    • boundary dispute with Bolivia 27
    • extradition treaty between the United States and Paraguay 1053
  • Patents, international convention concerning protection of 1110
  • Peace Conference, postponement of the Third International 4, 10
  • Peace plan of the President 140
  • Peace treaties, See Treaties: by subject.
  • Perjury, publicity to be given to provisions of Immigration Act concerning 9
  • Persia: coronation of Sultan Ahmad Kadjar, Shah of Persia 1059
  • Peru: political affairs: revolution; resignation of President Billinghurst; recognition by the United States of the Government Junta and of Provisional President Benavides 1061
  • Platt Amendment 953
  • Plaza, Leónidas, President of Ecuador 265
  • Plaza, Victorino de la: succession to the presidency of Argentina 21
  • Plebiscite necessary to concession to the United States of naval station 955, 957
  • Police powers 979
  • Policy of the United States in relation to—
  • Porras, Belisario, President of Panama 982
  • Porto Rico. See Dominican Republic; Venezuela.
  • President of the United States:
    • annual address to the Congress xi
    • peace plan 140
    • special messages 317, 474
  • Presidents of—
    • Argentina: death of President Roque Saenz Pena and succession of the Vice President, Victorino de la Plaza, to the presidency 21
    • Brazil: message of President da Fonseca to the Congress 30
    • Chile: message of President Barros Luco to the Congress 36
    • Colombia: message of President Restrepo to the Congress 140
    • Costa Rica: message of President Jimenez to the Congress 170
    • Ecuador—
      • Plaza, Leónidas: message to Congress._ 265
      • Moreno, Alfredo B.: assumption of presidency pro tern 272
    • Guatemala: message of President Estrada Cabrera to the Congress 333
    • Haiti—
      • Oreste, Michel: resignation of 336
      • Zamor, Oreste: election, 337; resignation 354, 357
      • Theodore, Davilmar: election, 359; conditions precedent to recognition by the United States 359, 376
    • Honduras: message of President Bertrand to the Congress 387
    • Mexico—
      • Huerta, Victoriano: resignation 563, 564
      • Carbajal, Francisco S.: Provisional President, 563; recognition by the United States, 564; resignation 585
      • Carranza, Venustiano: assumes executive power, 588; appointed Provisional President by military junta 594
      • Gutiérrez, Eulalio: elected Provisional President by Aguascalientes Convention 617
    • Panama: message of President Porras to the Assembly 982
    • Peru—
      • Billinghurst, Guillermo E., resignation of 1061
      • Benavides, Oscar, recognition by the United States of Provisional President 1061
    • Salvador—
      • Meléndez, Carlos: message to the Assembly, 1075; resignation 1077
      • Quinénez, Alfonso, succession to the Presidency 1077
  • Property 426, 434, 910
  • Protection by American diplomatic and consular officers of Haitian officials and their families 385
  • Protection as American citizens not extended to persons whose American fathers have never resided in the United States 15
  • Protection of American life and property in—
  • Protectorate, French, in Morocco 905
  • Proteges of the United States in Morocco 905
  • Protest of Japan against certain land laws of California 426
  • Public domain inalienable 919, 957

Q.

  • Quiñónez, Alfonso, President of Salvador 1077

R.

  • Radiotelegraph control in Panama by the United States 1036
  • Railroad construction in Panama, attitude of the United States toward 1028
  • Recognition by the United States of new governments in—
  • Red Cross: Huai River conservancy and prevention of famine 95
  • Refuge, temporary: granted to—
    • political refugees, at the American Legation at Quito 271
    • political refugees, at the French Legation at Port-au-Prince, protected by United States forces 385
    • American citizen, at the American Consulate at Bluefields 940
  • Refugees:
    • Americans in Mexico 668
    • Chinese admitted into the United States from Mexico 896
    • Mexicans in Mexico protected by American officials 568, 628, 633
  • Religious orders, treatment of, in—
  • Representation by American diplomatic and consular officers of Chinese interests in Costa Rica 174
  • Representations by American consular officers in Mexico. See Consular officers.
  • Restrepo, Carlos E., President of Colombia: message to Congress 140
  • Retroactivity of laws 711, 911
  • Revised Statutes of the United States cited:
  • Revolutionists in—
  • Rights:
    • of aliens to hold land in—
    • of citizens of the United States. See American citizens.
    • destroyed by retroactive law 911
    • continued existence of the power by which they were acquired not necessary to their preservation 432
  • Rojas, Dr. Pedro Ezequiel, death of 1104
  • Roumania: death of King Carol I and accession of King Ferdinand I 1072
  • Russia: Spitzbergen, participation in plan for government of 977

S.

  • Saenz Pena, Roque, President of Argentina: death 21
  • Salvador:
    • arbitration agreement with the United States extending duration of convention of 1908 1076
    • message of President Melendez to the Assembly 1075
    • Nicaragua canal treaty, protest of Salvador against a proposed 953
    • transfer of the presidency by President Meléndez to First Designado Quinónez 1077
  • Sands, Clifford D., deportation from Nicaragua 940
  • Scientific Congress, Second Pan American 11
  • Seamen. See Great Britain; jurisdiction, etc.
  • Servitudes, military 911, 919
  • Ship. See Vessel.
  • Sovereignty:
    • determination of internal policy an attribute of 1101
    • China: right to tax foreigners 119, 121
    • Colombia in the Isthmus of Panama 157
    • Mexico 652
    • Salvador: claim to joint sovereignty over the Gulf of Fonseca 956
    • Spitzbergen a terra nullius 975977
    • Turkey: repeal of the Capitulations restricting sovereignty in relations with certain powers 1090
  • Spain:
    • arbitration agreement with the United States; text 1081
    • treaty with the United States for advancement of peace 1082
      • See also Mexico: protection of Spanish subjects, etc.
  • Spitzbergen:
    • international conference on 974
    • terra nullius, its political status as 976 et seq.
  • State laws. See Legislative power.
  • Statue of Washington presented to Great Britain 318
  • Status of American citizens—
  • Status of persons whose American fathers have never resided in the United States 15
  • Status of treaty ports 119
  • Sultan Ahmad Kadjar, coronation of 1059
  • Sweden:
    • arbitration agreement with the United States extending convention of 1908; text 1086
    • Spitzbergen, participation in plan for government of 977
  • Switzerland: arbitration agreement with the United States extending duration of convention of 1908; text 1088
  • Syrian-born citizen of the United States in Haiti, rights of 341, 343

T.

  • Tariff:
    • China: relation between an internal tax and the tariff on imports and exports 119 et seq.
    • Morocco: discriminatory customs duties 912, 919
    • Turkey: agreement of the Powers to an increase of the customs tariff.
  • Taxation of American citizens and other foreigners in—
  • Temporary refuge 271, 385, 940
  • Terra nullius: administration 976 et seq.
  • Territorial waters:
  • Territory, violation of 900
  • The Hague Peace Conference 4, 10
  • Théodore, Davilmar, President of Haiti 359, 376
  • Tolls, repeal of exemption clause of Panama Canal Act 318
  • Trade discriminations 912, 919
  • Treaties:
    • adherence: provisions requisite for submission to the Senate 906
    • arbitrator’s powers limited by convention 998
  • Treaties1: by country2
    • Austria-Hungary and the United States-
      • arbitration agreement extending duration of the convention of 1909; text 23
      • consular convention of July 11, 1870, cited 314
    • Bolivia and Paraguay: boundary agreement fixing a modus Vivendi (the Ayala-Mujía protocol); good offices of the United States 27
    • British-Moroccan treaty of 1856; reference 909
    • Central American States. See Treaties, international.
    • China and Japan: treaty of 1896 cited in relation to the status of treaty ports 119
    • China and the United States: treaty of 1903: treaty ports provisions interpreted 119
    • Colombia and the United States—
      • treaty of April 6, 1914; brief history, 141, 143; correspondence, 146; text 163
      • agreement by exchange of notes relating to par. 5 of Art. II of the treaty of April 6, 1914. 167
      • canal convention of 1903 violation of 1030, 1042
    • Colombia and Costa Rica—
      • treaty of 1880; reference 997
      • treaty of 1886; reference 997
    • Costa Rica and Nicaragua: boundary treaty of 1858; reference 964, 968
    • Costa Rica and Panama: arbitration treaty of 1910; citation 995
    • Costa Rica and the United States—
      • treaty for the advancement of general peace; text 171
      • protocol of 1900 for canal construction; reference 965
    • Ecuador and New Granada, 1832; reference 160
    • France and Germany: protectorate treaty of 1911; reference 907
    • Great Britain and the United States—
      • arbitration agreement extending duration of convention of 1908; text 303
      • boundary waters treaty of 1909; reference 306
      • Mexico—
        • agreement by exchange of notes for preservation of mining interests; texts 718
        • agreement by exchange of notes for preservation of oil interests; texts 707
      • Panama Canal—
        • Hay-Pauncefote Treaty (1901): references, 148, 157; contravened by Panama Canal Act 317
        • Agreement, of 1909 as to tolls; reference 148
      • peace: text of treaty for the advancement of general peace 304
    • Greece and the United States: consular convention of 1902 interpreted 326
    • Guatemala and the United States: treaty for the advancement of general peace; text 331
    • Haiti and the United States: draft of a convention concerning customs and other financial adjustments 349, 368
    • Honduras and Nicaragua: Gámez-Bonilla treaty of 1894; reference 958
    • Honduras and Salvador: boundary treaty of 1884; reference 955, 957
    • Italy and the United States—
      • arbitration agreement extending duration of the Convention of 1908; text 388
      • naturalization convention, correspondence relating to negotiation of a 389
    • Japan and the United States—
      • arbitration agreement extending duration of the Convention of 1908; text 424
      • treaty of commerce and navigation of 1911; reference 431
    • Japan and Treaty Powers: abolition of foreign settlements in Chosen (Korea)—
      • protocol of April 21, 1913; text 435
      • exchange of notes approving above protocol 437
    • Morocco and France: protectorate treaty of 1912; reference 905, 910
    • Morocco and Spain—
      • treaty of 1861; reference 909
      • protectorate treaty of 1912 905
    • Morocco and the United States: treaty of 1836; citation 908
    • Netherlands and the United States: agreement by exchange of notes for preservation of oil interests in Mexico 707
    • Nicaragua and the United States—
      • canal treaty, correspondence concerning a proposed inter-oceanic 948, 953
      • protocol of 1900 for canal construction; reference 965
    • North German Confederation and the United States: citation of the naturalization convention of 1868 392
    • Norway and the United States—
      • arbitration agreement extending the duration of the convention of 1908; text 970
      • peace, treaty of 1914 for the advancement of; text 971
    • Norway and Sweden, and the United States: citation of the naturalization convention of 1869 391
    • Panama and the United States: protocol of an agreement concerning neutrality in the waters of the Isthmus of Panama; text 984
    • Paraguay and the United States: extradition treaty of 1913; text 1053
    • Portugal and the United States—
      • arbitration agreement of 1913; text 1070
      • peace, treaty for advancement of; text 1068
    • Salvador and the United States: arbitration agreement extending duration of convention of 1908; text 1076
    • Spain and the United States—
      • arbitration agreement extending duration of convention of 1908; text 1081
      • peace, treaty for advancement of general; text 1082
      • agreement by exchange of notes for preservation of mining interests in Mexico 720
    • Sweden and the United States: arbitration agreement extending duration of convention of 1908 1086
    • Switzerland and the United States: arbitration agreement extending duration of convention of 1908; text 1088
    • Turkey and Serbia: treaty of peace, 1914 ratifying treaty of London, 1913; reference 1090
    • United States. (Entered under the names of the other contracting parties.)
    • Venezuela and New Granada, 1834 160
  • Treaties: by subject—
    • arbitration: Costa Rica and Panama, 1910; citation 995
    • arbitration agreements extending the duration of conventions of 1908 and 1909 between the United States and—
    • boundary—
      • Bolivia and Paraguay; good offices of the United States 27
      • Costa Rica and Colombia—
        • treaty of 1880; references 997
        • treaty of 1886; references 997
      • Costa Rica and Nicaragua: treaty of 1858; references 964, 968
      • Honduras and Nicaragua: Gamez-Bonilla treaty of 1894; reference 958
      • Honduras and Salvador: treaty of 1884; references 955, 957
    • canal, proposed interoceanic—
      • United States and Costa Rica: protocol of 1900; reference 965
      • United States and Nicaragua—
        • protocol of 1900; reference 965
        • Correspondence 948, 953
    • Canal, Panama—
      • agreement of 1909 with Great Britain; reference 148
      • contravention of convention of 1903 with Panama 1030
      • Hay-Pauncefote treaty (1901)—
        • References 148, 157
        • contravened by Panama Canal act 317
    • Chosen (Korea), foreign settlements in—
      • protocol of April 21, 1913; text 435
      • exchange of notes approving the above protocol 437
    • commerce and navigation—
      • China and France: treaty of 1858 cited 121, 132
      • China and Great Britain: revised British commercial treaty cited 120
      • China and Japan: treaty of 1896 cited 119
      • Spain and Morocco: treaty of 1861; reference 909
      • United States and China: treaty of 1903 interpreted 119
      • United States and Japan: treaty of 1911; reference 431
    • consular—
      • Austria-Hungary and the United States: convention of 1870 Cited 314
      • Greece and the United States: convention of 1902 interpreted 326
    • customs, and other financial adjustment: draft of a convention between the United States and Haiti 349
    • extradition treaty of 1913 between Paraguay and the United States; text 1053
    • financial” New Granada and Venezuela, 1834; reference 160
    • general: British-Moroccan treaty of 1856; reference 909
    • mining interests in Mexico—
      • United States and Great Britain: agreement by exchange of notes for the preservation of the status quo 718719
      • United States and Spain: agreement by exchange of notes for preservation of the status quo 720
    • oil interests in Mexico—
      • United States and Great Britain: agreement by exchange of notes for preservation of the status quo 707708
      • United States and the Netherlands: agreement by exchange of notes for preservation of the status quo 707708
    • naturalization—
      • correspondence relating to negotiation of a naturalization convention between Italy and the United States 389
      • North German Confederation and the United States: convention of 1868 cited 392
      • Norway and Sweden and the United States: convention of 1869 Cited 391
    • neutrality: protocol of an agreement concerning neutrality in the waters of the Isthmus of Panama; text 984
    • Panama Canal. See Canal,
    • peace—
      • Ecuador and New Granada, 1832 160
      • Turkey and Serbia: treaty of 1914; reference 1090
      • United States and Morocco: treaty of 1836; citation 908
    • peace, advancement of general: texts of treaties of 1913 and 1914 between the United States and—
    • protectorate—
      • Franco-German treaty of 1911; reference 907, 916
      • Franco-Moroccan treaty of 1912; reference 905, 910
      • Spanish-Moroccan treaty of 1912; reference 905
    • relations: United States and Colombia—
      • text of the treaty of April 6, 1914 as submitted to the Senate July 16, 1914 163
      • agreement by exchange of notes relating to par. 5 of Art. II of the treaty of April 6, 1914 167
      • taxation: interpretation of the treaty of 1903 with China 119
      • treaty ports: interpretation of the treaty of 1903 with China 119
    • Treaties, international: by subject
      • arbitration of pecuniary claims: proclamation of the convention signed at Buenos Aires, August 11, 1910 1109
      • Central American Court of Justice, reference to the Washington treaties of 1907 creating institutions including the 959, 960, 962
      • copyright, literary and artistic: proclamation of the convention signed at Buenos Aires, August 11, 1910 1108
      • inventions, patents, designs, and industrial models; proclamation of the convention signed at Buenos Aires, August 20, 1910 1110
      • Morocco, protection in—
        • convention signed in Madrid July 3, 1880; citation 908, 909, 910, 913
        • convention of 1863; reference__: 908, 909
      • opium, morphine, and cocaine; convention of January 23, 1912; texts of—
        • final protocol of Second Opium Conference 924
        • final protocol of Third Opium Conference 938
        • protocol relative to putting into effect the International Opium Convention 939
      • wireless telegraph convention of 1912; adherence of Panama to 1043
  • Treaty-making power 426 et seq.
  • Treaty ports, status of 119
  • Treaty rights—
    • affected by Chinese mining regulations 133
    • in conflict with local laws 432
    • protection of 912
    • waiver of 134
  • Turkey:
    • American educational institutions, protection of. See Foreign Relations: History of the World War.
    • Capitulations, refusal of the United States to recognize executory force in the abrogation of the 1090
    • customs tariff, agreement of the powers to increase of. See Foreign Relations: History of the World War.
    • Serbia, treaty of peace between Turkey and 1090

U.

[Page 1132]

V.

  • Venezuela:
    • American consular officers authorized to visit vessels bound for the United States, Porto Rico, and Colon 1095
    • Constitution of Venezuela, 1914 1095
    • ecclesiastical patronage law applied to missionary societies 1099
    • protest of the United States against requirement of certificate of good conduct in relation to admission of immigrants 1097
    • Rojas, Dr. Pedro Ezequiel, Minister of Venezuela to the United States; death 1104
  • Vessels:
    • authority of American consular officers to visit 1095
    • extraterritoriality of boat from public vessel 457
    • jurisdiction over 307
  • Virginia, statue of Washington presented to Great Britain by the State of 318

W.

  • Waiver by an individual of a treaty right granted to his government is incompetent 134
  • War. See Neutrality; World War.
  • War, state of 493
  • Washington statue presented to Great Britain by the State of Virginia 318
  • Waters:
    • Jurisdiction 807
    • neutrality 984
    • sovereignty, joint 953
  • Wireless telegraph control in Panama by the United States 1036
  • World War, editorial note on the 1

Z.

  • Zamor, Oreste, President of Haiti 337, 357
  1. Including agreements, arrangements. Declarations, and understandings.
  2. See also “Treaties: by subject,” and “Treaties, international: by subject.”