Minister Magoon to the Secretary of State.

No. 24.]

Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge receipt of your instruction No. 19 of December 4 on the subject of a memorial presented by the directorate of the Liberal party of Panama to the Secretary or War upon the occasion of his recent visit to the Isthmus.

I have informed the secretary of state for foreign affairs of that part of the contents of your dispatch which refers to the attitude of the Government of the United States in respect to the approaching elections in the Republic, and inclose for your information copy of my note to him.

* * * * * * *

I have, etc.,

Charles E. Magoon.
[Page 721]

Minister Magoon to the Minister for Foreign Affairs.

Excellency: In obedience to instructions from the State Department of the Government of the United States, I have the honor to advise you that, in response to my dispatch of the 10th ultimo, communicating the text of a memorial presented to Hon. William H. Taft, Secretary of War, by the national directorate of the Liberal party at Panama, in which memorial the political relations and ties between the Republic of Panama and the United States are discussed with especial reference to the attitude of the United States in respect to the forthcoming elections in the Republic, a copy of which memorial was also handed to Secretary Root by Secretary Taft. After consideration of said memorial, the Secretary of State directs me to communicate to you the following:

“The Liberal party should be informed that the Government of the United States, while guaranteeing the independence of the Republic of Panama, does not purpose to interfere with that independence. It is the earnest wish of the United States that there shall be a fair, free, and honest election in Panama, because it considers such an election necessary to the peace and prosperity of the country and the stability of its government. As between the two parties, the United States stands in an attitude of perfect impartiality, and will do nothing to help either the party in power or the party of opposition. The United States will exercise its rights under the treaty for the maintenance of order in Panama, Colon, and upon the canal strip, and will not permit any interference with the peace and order of either of those cities or of that territory which can be prevented by the exercise of its treaty rights, and it will not go beyond its treaty rights.”

I am also directed to further advise the Government of Panama “that the Government of the United States thus answers the Liberal party in such a way as it is hoped will correct any misapprehensions which they may have regarding the conduct of the United States, and without for a moment entertaining the thought that the Government of Panama will fail in any respect to secure to the people a perfectly fair, free, and honest election.”

I am also directed to suggest to the Government of Panama that, in view of the charges made in advance by the Liberal party, which are liable to be reiterated after the election, it is desirable to secure the most unimpeachable and satisfactory evidence of the fairness of the election by means of observation of competent witnesses during the conduct of the election.

I take, etc.,

Charles E. Magoon.