Chargé McCreery to the Secretary of State.

No. 89.]

Sir: I have the honor to inclose a copy and translation of the semiannual message delivered by President Diaz at the opening of the Mexican Congress on the 16th instant.

That the number of pupils attending the primary schools of the federal district and territories alone has increased 10,000 during the past year is an indication of the successful educational policy of the Mexican Government.

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The Free Zone which extended along the northern frontier has been abolished. The federal revenue for the fiscal year 1904–05 was 90,000,000 pesos, an increase of 3,000,000 over the previous year. A glance at the message will show that the development and progress of Mexico continue uninterrupted.

I have, etc.,

Fenton R. McCreery.

Extracts from the President’s message.

Yesterday evening the President of the Republic opened the third period of sessions of the twenty-second congress of the Union, on which occasion he delivered the following message:

Messrs. Deputies and Senators: Gratifying as is ever the honor of appearing before you, it is doubly so when I come, as on the present occasion in compliance with our fundamental law, to relate to you facts which demonstrate the pacific and constant development of public wealth, as well as the advancement of the administrative branches confined to the executive power.

foreign relations.

Our foreign relations continue day by day to grow, but the closeness of those which we cultivate with neighboring nations is naturnlly most conspicuous.

In this connection I take pleasure in referring to the exceptional courtesies of the Government of the United States of America on the occasion of the regretted demise, at Washington, of our ambassador. On that occasion not only were all the honors paid that were due to the position cocupied by the deceased, according to international usage, but, in addition, the American Government sought to give to Mexico a particular mark of esteem by sending one of its warships to convey to our shores the ambassador’s remains and desiring that a section of marines who had acted as their escort should accompany them to their last resting place in the soil of the fatherland. Such marked courtesies could not fail to awake a sentiment of lively gratitude and cordial good will in the heart of the Mexican people.

Another lamentable event has also demonstrated the solidarity resulting from our relations with other peoples. On the occasion of the Guanajuato catastrophe our government received expressions of sympathy and gifts in money for the victims either directly from foreign chancelleries or through the instrumentality of the several legations established at this capital. Moreover, some of the foreign colonies residing in our country have given similar proofs of generosity. These acts have served to strengthen the ties of friendship uniting those governments and nations with the Mexican nation and government.

The treaty signed during the second Pan-American conference, in regard to pecuniary claims and damages, to which I referred in my last message, was, after approval by the Senate, duly promulgated.

A convention signed during the course of the same conference for the exchange of publications among the governments of America was also promulgated after approval by the Senate and ratification by the executive.

In the month of August last the third Latin-American Scientific Congress was held at Rio de Janeiro, and the Government of Mexico was invited to send its delegates thereto. Though there was not sufficient time to send a regular delegation, the executive, desiring to show its appreciation of the courteous invitation of the Brazilian Government, took measures to be represented at that interesting assembly by our chargé d’affaires ad interim at Buenos Aires.