Minister Allen to the Secretary of State.

No. 902.]

Sir: I have the honor to hand you inclosed a copy of the agreement recently concluded between the Governments of Japan and Korea whereby the former takes over the control and operation of all matters relating to posts, telegraphs, and telephones in Korea. * * *

I have, etc.,

Horace N. Allen.


The Imperial Governments of Japan and Korea, finding it expedient from the standpoint of the administration and finances of Korea, to rearrange the system of communications in that country, and, by amalgamating it with that of Japan, to unite the two systems into one common to the two countries, and having seen the necessity, with that object in view, of transferring the post, telegraph, and telephone services of Korea to the control of the Japanese Government, Hayashi Gonsuke, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of Japan and I-hayeng, minister of state for foreign affairs of Korea, each invested with proper authority, have agreed upon and concluded the following articles:

Article I.

The Imperial Government of Korea shall transfer and assign the control and administration of the post, telegraph, and telephone services in Korea (except the telephone service exclusively pertaining to the department of the imperial household) to the Imperial Japanese Government.

Article II.

The land, buildings, furnitures, instruments, machines, and all other appliances connected with the system of communications already established by the Imperial Government of Korea shall, by virtue of the present agreement, be transferred to the control of the Imperial Japanese Government.

The authorities of the two countries acting together shall make an inventory of the land, buildings, and all other requisites mentioned in the preceding paragraph, which shall serve as evidence in the future.

Article III.

When it is deemed necessary by the Japanese Government to extend the communication system in Korea, they may appropriate land and buildings belonging to the state or to private persons, the former without compensation and the latter with proper indemnification.

Article IV.

In respect of the control of the communication service and the custody of the properties in connection therewith, the Japanese Government assume, on their own account, the responsibility of good administration.

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The expenses required for the extension of the communication services shall also be borne by the Imperial Government of Japan.

The Imperial Government of Japan shall officially notify the Imperial Korean Government of the financial condition of the system of communications under their control.

Article V.

All appliances and materials which are deemed necessary by the Imperial Government of Japan for the control or extension of the system of communication shall be exempt from all duties and imposts.

Article VI.

The Imperial Government of Korea shall be at liberty to maintain the present board of communication, so far as such retention does not interfere with the control and extension of the services by the Japanese Government.

The Japanese Government in controlling and extending the services shall engage as many Korean officials and employees as possible.

Article VII.

In respect of the arrangements formerly entered into by the Korean Government with the governments of foreign powers concerning the post, telegraph, and telephone services the Japanese Government shall, in behalf of Korea, exercise the rights and perform the obligations pertaining thereto.

Should there arise in the future any necessity for concluding any new convention between the Government of Korea and the governments of foreign powers concerning the communication services, the Japanese Government shall assume the responsibility of concluding such convention in behalf of the Korean Government.

Article VIII.

The various conventions and agreements respecting the communication services hitherto existing between the Governments of Japan and Korea are naturally abolished or modified by the present agreement.

Article IX.

When in future, as the result of the general development of the communication system in Korea, there is some adequate profit over and above expenditures defrayed by the Japanese Government for the control and maintenance of the old services and for their extensions and improvements, the Japanese Government shall deliver to the Korean Government a suitable percentage of such profit.

Article X.

When in the future an ample surplus exists in the finance of the Korean Government, the control of their communication services may be returned, as the result of the consultation of the two governments, to the Government of Korea.