Minister Rockhill to the Secretary of State.
Peking, August 17, 1905.
Sir: In further confirmation of my cable dispatch of the 12th instant, informing you that I had, under the authority given me by the Department, informed the Chinese Government that the United States would hold it directly responsible for all losses our trade or other [Page 213] interests may have incurred or may hereafter incur on account of its failure to protect us in the rights guaranteed us under Article XV of our treaty of 1858. I inclose herewith copy of the note addressed to Prince Ch’ing.
I also informed our consuls-general at Shanghai, Canton, and Chefoo of what I had done, and authorized them to use this information as they deemed necessary and expedient.
Under date of the 14th instant I again addressed a note to Prince Ch’ing, demanding that the prime mover in the boycott, a man by the name of Tseng Shao-ching, president of the Fu-Kien Merchants’ Guild of Shanghai, and holding the rank of prefect (taot’ai), be deprived of his rank and otherwise punished.
On the same date I also addressed a letter to the foreign office, declining to further discuss a tentative draft of treaty for regulating the coming of Chinese to the United States, to be submitted to you, until the present campaign of intimidation was completely put an end to.
I have not at this date received replies to any of the above communications, but will probably within the next few days.
Our consul-general at Shanghai tells me he has informed the public of my note of the 14th instant to the foreign office, and that it had produced an excellent effect. I inclose a Shanghai editorial on this matter, also one from Chefoo, showing that it has also been well received there.
I beg that the Department will not attach importance to the statements being made in the ports and in the United States press that the Japanese Government has had anything to do with encouraging the present anti-American movement. The conduct of the Japanese Government has been not only friendly throughout, but their foreign office has done all in its power to arrest the movement and control the Japanese controlled papers published in China.
I have, etc.,