272. Handwritten Notes by Secretary of State Shultz 1


Relative position [of] the two countries
Freedom works and is spreading
Free markets, entrepreneurship is the way to go—even China
Their only forward positions are based on military force—
Even on basic ability to project force, we are in drivers seat
projection capability
Only one area of true comparative advantage: land-based, mobile, ballistic missiles
a nuclear free world and ballistic missile free world would be to our advantage
impact of Chernobyl2
The concept of linkage
Nixon era and beyond advocacy
past notion that the rising tide will lift all the boats
didn’t work
Reagan concept
illustrated by sending negotiators to Geneva at [unclear—height?] of furor over Korean air liner
will work on areas when we stand to gain
corollary=we will pursue interests independently where it is to our advantage
RAND speech & Soviet attitude conditioned by Afghan
Soviet problem with “spirit of Geneva”
Why the [illegible]
Post-summit [unclear—moves?]
see notes3
Fork in the road—we have choices & so do they
For them.
Divide and wait
UN budget, Europe, next will be more malleable, they are young and have time
But chance to [unclear] with man who can carry his country
military=block economic plans
moves suggest he is probing
For us
exam [main?] objectives=
deep cuts in strategic systems
SDI [unclear] built into the system of the 1990s
strong alliances
strong defense
need to get going this year if we are to get to strategic systems
Our priority actions
Restore funding for defense and foreign affairs
Shore up alliances
Advance positions that can lead to good agreements
  1. Source: Reagan Library, George Shultz Papers, Arms Control (12/09/1984–07/15/1986); NLR–775–22–76–2–2. No classification marking. The editor transcribed the text from Shultz’s handwritten notes specifically for this volume. An image of the notes is Appendix A. Shultz’s notes were taken during a June 6 NSPG meeting, which took place in the Situation Room from 10:58 until 11:51 a.m. (Reagan Library, President’s Daily Diary) A memorandum for the record of the meeting, prepared by Casey, is in Foreign Relations, 1981–1988, vol. V, Soviet Union, March 1985–October 1986, Document 239. The minutes are in the Reagan Library, Executive Secretariat, National Security Planning Group (NSPG), NSPG 134 06/06/1986 [US-Soviet Relations]. In his personal diary entry for June 6, the President recalled: “We had a short N.S.P.G. meeting about what we can do with the Soviets. It had to be called off before any decision—we’ll take it up next week. Then Nancy & I had lunch with Suzanne Massie who truly is a great authority on the Russian people & the Soviets. She’s convinced the govt. there is having real problems with Gorbachev & the old guard at odds. I believe this is true.” (Brinkley, ed., The Reagan Diaries, vol. II, November 1985–January 1989, p. 606)
  2. On April 26, a nuclear accident occurred at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in the Soviet Union, resulting in the release of radioactive material. Documentation on the accident is in Foreign Relations, 1981–1988, vol. V, Soviet Union, March 1985–October 1986.
  3. Not found and not further identified.