Turkey

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84. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, P770033–1449. Confidential; Limdis. Drafted by Ledsky; approved by Twaddell on February 22. The meeting took place in Vance’s office.


85. Intelligence Information Memorandum Prepared in the Central Intelligence Agency

[Source: Central Intelligence Agency, History Staff Files, NIIM 0035–77. Top Secret; Codeword. Four pages not declassified.]


86. Letter From Turkish Prime Minister Demirel to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Brzezinski Office File, Country Chron File, Box 16, Greece: 1977. No classification marking. Although the letter is undated, Esenbel forwarded a copy to Vance on February 11.


87. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassies in Greece and Turkey

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, President’s Correspondence with Foreign Leaders File, Box 19, Turkey: Prime Minister Suleyman Demirel, 2/77–4/80. Confidential; Immediate; Exdis. Drafted by Ewing from text received from the White House; cleared by Peter Sebastian (S/S); approved by Hartman. Sent for information Immediate to Vienna and Nicosia.


88. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Records of Counselor Nimetz, 1977–1980, Lot 81D85, Box 2, MemCons. Confidential. Drafted by Ledsky.


89. Intelligence Information Cable Prepared in the Central Intelligence Agency

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Staff Material, Horn/Special, Box 1, Chron: 3/77. Secret; Not Releasable to Foreign Nationals; Not Releasable to Contractors or Contractor/Consultants; Dissemination and Extraction of Information Controlled by Originator. In a March 4 covering memorandum to Brzezinski and Treverton, Henze commented: “It appears that [Clifford’s] impact on the Turkish General Staff may have been more negative than he realized. While I do not doubt that these initial reactions are correctly reported, I am not sure they will persist . . . The conclusion I would draw from this report is that it will be important over the next few weeks to do nothing to bruise Turkish military sensitivities further while at the same time keeping up the dialogue and pressure with the Turkish political leaders. The Turkish military will accept the views and initiative of their political leaders on these questions during the foreseeable future.” (Ibid.)


90. Letter From President Carter to Turkish Prime Minister Demirel

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, President’s Correspondence with Foreign Leaders File, Box 19, Turkey: Prime Minister Suleyman Demirel, 2/77–4/80. No classification marking.


91. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Bureau of Congressional Relations, Subject Files and Chrons 1977/78/79/80, Files of Assistant Secretary J. Brian Atwood, Lot 81D115, Box 4, Greece/Turkey/Cyprus. Confidential; Exdis. Drafted by Ewing on April 11; approved by Twaddell on April 18. The meeting took place in Vance’s office.


92. Memorandum From Secretary of State Vance to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Country File, Box 26, Greece: 1/77–4/78. Confidential. In an April 18 covering note to Vance, Brzezinski wrote: “The President has approved the proposals in your memorandum of April 15 but with the restoration of FMS for Turkey, $175 million. This same amount is for Greece.”


93. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski) to Vice President Mondale

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Country File, Box 75, Turkey: 1–12/77. Secret. Sent for information. In a May 3 covering memorandum to Mondale, Brzezinski reported: “You noted a [text not declassified] yesterday which stated that the Turkish Government fears that it may be unable to meet its financial obligations if foreign bankers liquidate their Turkish lira accounts. The item added that the government hopes to stave off a politically damaging payments crisis by borrowing abroad. It has approached the First National City Bank of New York for a $300 million loan and intends to sound out the IMF during meetings this week in Washington. You asked whether the above could be used to get Turkish cooperation. The attached memo responds to your question.”(Ibid.) Although no drafting information appears on the memorandum, Henze forwarded a draft to Brzezinski on May 2 and commented that the United States “should not appear to be crassly exploiting” Turkey’s economic situation. (Ibid.)


94. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Subject File, Box 35, Memcons: President: 5/77. Secret; Sensitive. Drafted by Hunter. The meeting took place at Winfield House. Carter and Demirel were in London for the NATO Ministerial meeting, which took place May 10–11.


95. Intelligence Memorandum Prepared in the Central Intelligence Agency

Source: Central Intelligence Agency, Directorate of Intelligence, Job 80T00633A, Box 1. Secret; [handling restriction not declassified]. A note at the bottom of the first page reads: “This OSR contribution was requested by the NIO for Western Europe. It is to be incorporated into a DDI intelligence memorandum entitled Turkey: Economic Situation Facing the New Government which will be drafted by CIA’s Office of Economic Research.” That memorandum was not found.


96. Briefing Paper Prepared by Paul Henze of the National Security Council Staff

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Country File, Box 75, Turkey: 1–12/77. Confidential. In a June 9 covering memorandum to Carter, Brzezinski noted that Henze, who served for the past three years in Turkey, “observed Ecevit closely both in and out of office and knows him personally.” Carter wrote “good” in the upper right corner and initialed “J” on the covering memorandum. (Ibid.)


98. Memorandum From the Counselor of the Department of State (Nimetz) to Secretary of State Vance

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Records of Counselor Nimetz, 1977–1980, Lot 81D85, Box 2, Eastern Mediterranean—1977. Secret; Sensitive.


99. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Cyrus R. Vance, Secretary of State—1977–1980, Lot 84D241, Box 10, unlabeled folder. Secret; Exdis. Drafted by Ledsky on September 28; approved by Anderson on October 11. The meeting took place in Vance’s office at the UN Plaza Hotel. Vance and Çağlayangil were in New York for the annual session of the UNGA.


100. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Records of Counselor Nimetz, 1977–1980, Lot 81D85, Box 2, MemCons. Secret; Exdis. The meeting took place in the Secretary’s suite at the UN Plaza Hotel.


101. Memorandum From Secretary of State Vance to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Brzezinski Office File, Country Chron File, Box 50, Turkey: 1977. Secret; Exdis. In the upper right corner, Carter wrote, “Cy—Sounds like excellent progress—if it materializes. J.C.”


103. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Washington National Records Center, OSD Files: FRC 330–80–0035, Box 30, Turkey, 1977 ISO.–680.1. Confidential. Copies were sent to the Deputy Secretary of Defense, ASD (ISA), DepASD (ISA) EurAffairs, and Komer. Brown and Kapanli were in Brussels for the meeting of the NATO Defense Planning Committee December 6–7.


104. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Cyrus R. Vance, Secretary of State—1977–1980, Lot 84D241, Box 10, unlabeled folder. Secret; Nodis. Drafted by Ewing on December 16; approved by Anderson on December 23. Vance and Çağlayangil were in Brussels for the biannual NATO Ministerial meeting. The meeting took place at the Turkish Mission to NATO.


105. Memorandum From the Counselor of the Department of State (Nimetz) to Secretary of State Vance

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Records of Counselor Nimetz, 1977–1980, Lot 81D85, Box 2, Evening Reading. Secret; Nodis. Copies were sent to Ewing and Vest. In the upper right corner, Vance wrote, “Matt—It should be Brown or the group of you 3. CRV,” in response to Nimetz’s question about who should meet Ecevit in Ankara. The group of three refers to Nimetz, Clifford, and McGiffert.


106. Memorandum From Secretary of Defense Brown to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Country File, Box 75, Turkey: 1–7/78. Secret.


107. Telegram From the Embassy in Turkey to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Cyrus R. Vance, Secretary of State—1977–1980, Lot 84D241, Box 9, Vance Nodis MemCons, 1978. Secret; Immediate; Nodis.


108. Memorandum From Gregory F. Treverton of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski)

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Brzezinski Office File, Country Chron File, Box 50, Turkey: 1978. Confidential. Sent for action.


109. Telegram From the Embassy in Turkey to the Department of State

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, P8501901–1668. Secret; Cherokee; Immediate; Nodis.


110. Memorandum From the Counselor of the Department of State (Nimetz) to Secretary of State Vance

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Records of Counselor Nimetz, 1977–1980, Lot 81D85, Box 2, Eastern Mediterranean—1978. Confidential; Nodis. Cleared by Vest. A copy was sent to Bennet.


111. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Moore), the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations (Beckel), and the Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations (Bennet) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Country File, Box 75, Turkey: 1–7/78. No classification marking. At the upper right corner of the first page, Carter wrote, “Frank—After #1 and perhaps #2 [see footnotes below], then I’ll make a decision. JC.” In a March 8 covering memorandum to Brzezinski, Henze wrote, “I am appalled by the weakness of this paper. It seems concerned primarily with the problem of how to break bad news to the Greek lobby, not with approaching the task with the strongest possible case which will ensure that the Administration’s position prevails and it does not end up looking inept in Congress.” (Ibid.)


112. Letter From President Carter to Turkish Prime Minister Ecevit

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, President’s Correspondence with Foreign Leaders File, Box 19, Turkey: Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit, 3/78–5/79. No classification marking. In the upper right corner, an unknown hand wrote, “H/C [hand-carried] to Turkey by Secy. Christopher.”


113. Telegram From the Embassy in Turkey to the Department of State

Source: Carter Library, Donated Material, Papers of Walter F. Mondale, Foreign Countries, Box 50, Foreign Countries—Greece, 1977–1978. Confidential; Immediate; Exdis. Sent for information Immediate to Athens; Priority to USNATO. Printed from a copy that indicates the original was received in the White House Situation Room.