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Romania


177. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, President’s Correspondence with Foreign Leaders File, Box 16, Romania: President Nicolae Ceausescu, 2/77–12/78. Secret. In telegram 43644 to Bucharest, February 26, the Department reported that Carter and Pungan discussed Romania’s position on several international issues, including CSCE and disarmament, as well as Romanian desires for improved relations with the United States. (National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, P850052–1843) During his visit, Pungan also met with other U.S. officials, including, on February 22, Secretary of Commerce Juanita Kreps to discuss economic issues concerning U.S.-Romanian trade, especially the possibility of eliminating the annual review of Romania for MFN. (Telegram 46496 to Bucharest, March 2; National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, D770072–0554)


178. Telegram From the Embassy in Romania to the Department of State

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, D770123–0556. Secret. Sent for information to Belgrade, East Berlin, Budapest, Moscow, Prague, Sofia, Warsaw, Bonn, Athens, Ankara, Tel Aviv, Paris, West Berlin, USNATO, USUN, and pouched to Munich.


179. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Romania

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Office of Analysis for the Commonwealth and Eastern Europe, Office Subject Files, 1965–1980, Lot 92D412, Box 2, Romania—CSCE. Confidential; Priority; Exdis. Drafted by Silins; cleared by Armitage and in S/S; approved by Nimetz.


180. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Brzezinski Office File, Country Chron File, Box 45, Romania: 1977. No classification marking. Sent for action. Hyland forwarded it under a covering memorandum to Brzezinski on May 26. Printed from a copy that does not bear Brzezinski’s initials.


181. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski) to Secretary of State Vance

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Brzezinski Office File, Country Chron File, Box 45, Romania: 1977. Secret.


182. Report Prepared in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Office of Analysis for the Commonwealth and Eastern Europe, Office Subject Files, 1958–1978, Lot 92D468, Box 6, Eastern Europe Misc. 1977–1978. Secret; Noforn; Orcon. Drafted by Rackmales; approved by Mautner.


184. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Cyrus R. Vance, Secretary of State—1977–1980, Lot 84D241, Box 10, unlabeled folder. Confidential; Nodis. Drafted by Silins; cleared by Glaspie; approved in S/S on September 21. The meeting took place in the Secretary’s office.


185. Telegram From the Embassy in Romania to the Department of State

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, D770380–1259. Confidential. Also sent to Budapest.


186. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, President’s Correspondence with Foreign Leaders File, Box 16, Romania: President Nicolae Ceausescu, 2/77–12/78. Confidential. Sent for action.


187. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Subject File, Box 36, Memcons: President: 11–12/77. Top Secret. The meeting took place in the Oval Office. Brzezinski forwarded a copy of the memorandum to Vance on November 28. A summary of the meeting was also transmitted in telegram 283125 to Bucharest, Tel Aviv, Cairo, and Damascus, November 26. (National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, P840072–0448)


188. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Cyrus R. Vance, Secretary of State—1977–1980, Lot 84D241, Box 10, unlabeled folder. Secret; Nodis. Drafted by Luers; approved in S/S on November 30. The meeting took place in the Secretary’s office.


189. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Romania

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, D780043–0777. Confidential. Drafted by Silins and Fromowitz; approved by Andrews.


190. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Romania

Source: Department of State, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Cyrus R. Vance, Secretary of State—1977–1980, Lot 84D241, Box 9, Vance Nodis MemCons, 1978. Secret; Priority Exdis. Drafted by Draper; cleared by Andrews and in S; approved by Saunders. Sent for information Priority to Tel Aviv, Cairo, and Damascus.


191. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Romania

Source: Department of State, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Cyrus R. Vance, Secretary of State—1977–1980, Lot 84D241, Box 10, Vance EXDIS MemCons, 1978. Secret; Exdis. Drafted by Draper; cleared by Luers and Nimetz; approved by Atherton. Sent for information to Cairo, Damacus, Jidda, Tel Aviv, and Amman.


192. Briefing Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs (Vest) to Secretary of State Vance

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Office of Analysis for the Commonwealth and Eastern Europe, Office Subject Files, 1965–1980, Lot 92D412, Box 2, Romania—Ceausescu Visit. Confidential. Drafted by Silins; cleared by Andrews and Fromowitz, and in EUR/PP, C, S/P, and HA/HR. Luers initialed the memorandum for Vest. The date is handwritten at the top of the first page.


193. Intelligence Information Cable

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Office of Analysis for the Commonwealth and Eastern Europe, Office Subject Files, 1965–1980, Lot 92D412, Box 2, Romania—Ceausescu Visit. Secret; [handling restriction not declassified]. Carlucci forwarded the cable to Brzezinski on April 13. (Ibid.)


194. Paper Prepared in the Central Intelligence Agency

Source: Central Intelligence Agency, Office of Support Services (DI), Job 80T00634A, Production Case Files (1978), Box 2, Ceausescu’s Romania: A Situation Report. Confidential. The paper was prepared in the National Foreign Assessment Center.


196. Action Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs (Vest), the Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs (Derian), and the Director of the Policy Planning Staff (Lake) to the Deputy Secretary of State (Christopher)

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Official Working Papers, S/P Director Anthony Lake, 1977–Jan 1981, Lot 82D298, Box 3, S/P-Lake Papers—4/1–15/78. Confidential. Drafted by Andrews, Sillins, Brody, and Kaplan; cleared by Luers, Fuerth, and Wolf. Luers initialed the memorandum for Vest; Brody initialed for Derian. The undated memorandum was sent under a covering memorandum through Nimetz on April 5. In his memorandum, Nimetz recommended that Vance raise the Hungarian minority issue with Andrei, that there was no need to raise the IFI issue, and that the Rauta case not be brought up during the Ceausescu visit. (National Archives, RG 59, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Mr. Matthew Nimetz, Counselor of the Department of State, Under Secretary of State for Security Assistance, Science and Technology, January 1977 thru December 1980, Lot 81D85, Box 1, MN Chron—Official, January–June 1978) Nimetz forwarded Christopher’s decisions to Vance under an April 10 covering memorandum. (Ibid.)


197. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, VIP Visit File, Box 12, Romania, President Ceausescu, 4/12–13/78: Cables and Memos, 4/11–22/78. No classification marking.


198. Memorandum From Secretary of State Vance to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, VIP Visit File, Box 12, Romania, President Ceausescu, 4/12–13/78: Cables and Memos, 4/11–22/78. Secret.


199. Memorandum From the Ambassador at Large (Goldberg) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, VIP Visit File, Box 12, Romania, President Ceausescu, 4/12–13/78: Cables and Memos, 4/11–22/78. No classification marking. In an April 10 covering memorandum forwarding the Goldberg memorandum to Brzezinski, King noted that Joyce Starr, the NSC Staff member who handled human rights questions for White House Counsel Robert Lipschutz had requested the memorandum, since the Department of State’s HA bureau was dissatisfied with the coverage of human rights issues in Vance’s briefing memorandum. King explained: “Starr was asked by HA to ask Goldberg for such a memo to circumvent the State Department consensus.” King recommended against forwarding the memorandum to Carter; Inderfurth concurred, adding “particularly since you are forwarding the Rauta memo.” Brzezinski disapproved King’s recommendation. (Ibid.)


200. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Subject File, Box 36, Memcons: President: 4/78. Secret. The meeting took place in the White House Cabinet Room.


201. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Cyrus R. Vance, Secretary of State—1977–1980, Lot 84D241, Box 10, Vance EXDIS MemCons, 1978. Confidential; Exdis. Drafted by Luers; approved in S/S on April 19. The meeting took place in the Madison Room at the Department of State.


202. Memorandum From Robert King of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski)

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Country File, Box 66, Romania: 1/77–5/78. Confidential.


203. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Subject File, Box 36, Memcons: President: 4/78. Secret. The meeting took place in the Oval Office. Brzezinski forwarded the memorandum of conversation to Vance on April 18. (Department of State, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Cyrus R. Vance, Secretary of State—1977–1980, Lot 84D241, Box 9, Vance Nodis MemCons, 1978)


204. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Subject File, Box 36, Memcons: President: 4/78. Secret. Drafted by King. The meeting took place in the Cabinet Room at the White House.


205. Action Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs (Vest) to Acting Secretary of State Christopher

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Records of the Office of the Deputy Secretary, Warren Christopher, Lot 81D113, Box 5, WC—Official Chron—1978. Secret; Roger Channel. Luers initialed the memorandum for Vest. Drafted by Schmidt; cleared by Luers. The date is handwritten at the top of the first page. The word “Acting” is inserted by hand before Secretary.


206. Memorandum From Stephen Larrabee of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski)

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Country File, Box 66, Romania: 6/78–3/79. Secret; Sensitive. Sent for action.