11. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger) to President Nixon1
- Evaluation of Chinese Communist Ninth Party Congress
I attach evaluations of the recently-concluded Ninth Party Congress prepared by CIA and the Department of State (Tabs B and C)2 covered by a brief summary analysis prepared by my staff (Tab A.)
The analysis suggests a continuing stalemate, with Mao Tse-tung unable to push through his visionary economic and social programs in the face of opposition within the Party, but with that opposition unable to force its policies upon Mao. The real power of the Army, and particularly of the Army leadership at provincial levels, continues to grow. The attention of the leadership remains focused upon domestic issues and probably upon the contest for power, but because of divided councils there is not even a clear mandate as to the direction of future domestic policies.
- Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 518, Country Files, Far East, China, Vol. I. Confidential with Top Secret Attachment. Sent for information. Notations on the memorandum indicate the President saw it, and that it was returned from the President on May 1.↩
- Tab B is an undated CIA report and Tab C is INR Intelligence Note 316, April 25. Both are attached but not printed.↩
- Nixon’s handwritten comment above this paragraph reads: “H.K. note Mao fights the educated establishment!”↩