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Sources for the Foreign Relations Series

The Foreign Relations statute requires that the published record in the Foreign Relations series include all records needed to provide comprehensive documentation on major U.S. foreign policy decisions and significant U.S. diplomatic activity. It further requires that government agencies, departments, and other entities of the U.S. Government engaged in foreign policy formulation, execution, or support cooperate with the Department of State Historian by providing full and complete access to records pertinent to foreign policy decisions and actions and by providing copies of selected records. Most of the sources consulted in the preparation of this volume have been declassified and are available for review at the National Archives and Records Administration.

The editors of the Foreign Relations series have complete access to all the retired records and papers of the Department of State: the central files of the Department; the special decentralized files (“lot files”) of the Department at the bureau, office, and division levels; the files of the Department’s Executive Secretariat, which contain the records of international conferences and high-level official visits, correspondence with foreign leaders by the President and Secretary of State, and memoranda of conversations between the President and Secretary of State and foreign officials; and the files of overseas diplomatic posts. All the Department’s indexed central files through July 1973 have been permanently transferred to the National Archives and Records Administration at College Park, Maryland (Archives II). Many of the Department’s decentralized office (or lot) files covering the 1969–1976 period, which the National Archives deems worthy of permanent retention, have been transferred or are in the process of being transferred from the Department’s custody to Archives II.

The editors of the Foreign Relations series also have full access to the papers of President Nixon and other White House foreign policy records. Presidential papers maintained and preserved at the Presidential libraries and the Nixon Presidential Materials Project at Archives II include some of the most significant foreign affairs-related documentation from the Department of State and other Federal agencies including the National Security Council, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Dr. Henry Kissinger has approved access to his papers at the Library of Congress. These papers are a key source for the NixonFord subseries of Foreign Relations.

[Page XII]

Research for this volume was completed through special access to restricted documents at the Nixon Presidential Materials Project, the Library of Congress, and other agencies. While all the material printed in this volume has been declassified, some of it is extracted from still-classified documents. The Nixon Presidential Materials staff is processing and declassifying many of the documents used in this volume, but they may not be available in their entirety at the time of publication.

Sources for Foreign Relations, 1969–1976, Volume XVII

The Nixon Presidential Materials, presently housed at the National Archives and Records Administration at College Park, Maryland, are the single most important source of documentation for those interested in Sino-American relations during the first Nixon administration. The Nixon Presidential Materials are scheduled to be transferred to the Nixon Presidential Library in Yorba Linda, California over the next few years.

Foreign policy research in the Nixon Materials centers around the National Security Council (NSC) Files, which include Country Files, the President’s Daily Briefing materials, backchannel messages, VIP Visit Files, topical files related to Vietnam and China, Name Files, Files of NSC staffers, and Kissinger’s Office Files. The NSC files contain about 1,300 archive boxes of materials. In particular, the Country Files for the Republic of China on Taiwan and the People’s Republic of China (Boxes 518–529); President’s File—China Trip (Boxes 846–851); and Files for the President—China Materials (1031–1038) hold the most complete documentation of high-level policy making.

There are several collections in the NSC Files that contain scattered, but often unique, documentation on the evolution of America’s China policy, including the chronological files for various NSC staff members such as Alexander M. Haig, Robert Houdek, Anthony Lake, Jon Howe, Harold Saunders, and Richard Solomon. Finally, Kissinger’s Office Files overlap considerably with the Kissinger Papers at the Library of Congress (discussed below). This collection includes materials from the Presidential transition (November 1968–January 1969), overseas trips, and Country Files (Boxes 86–100 cover China).

Besides the NSC Files, the Nixon Materials include the White House Central Files, which have Staff Member and Office Files, subject files and name files. There also exists the White House Special Files, which include Staff Member and Office Files, Subject Files, and Name Files. The White House Central Files generally contain less sensitive materials, but add some insight into the connection between the domestic and foreign policies of the Nixon White House. The Special Files’ Staff Member Office Files collection includes the files of H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and most other important White House [Page XIII]staff members. It also holds the President’s Office Files (POF), which have the President’s Handwriting File (copies of documents with President Richard M. Nixon’s handwritten comments) and Memoranda for the President. The Memoranda for the President is a chronological collection of memoranda of conversation or other documentation of meetings attended by Nixon. It includes meetings related to domestic politics and foreign policy, and often contains records of talks with foreign leaders. While only a small portion of the NSC Files have been declassified, much of the Central and Special Files are available to the public. Binders with complete box lists for these materials are available at the Nixon Presidential Materials Project.

One important resource is the White House Central Files, President’s Daily Diary, which lists all those who met with the President at the White House or while he was traveling. The Diary also indicates telephone calls to and from the President and has a daily record of “Presidential Movements.”

The White House tapes, which began in February 1971, provide an invaluable record of Nixon foreign policy and life in the White House. Conversations were recorded from the Oval Office, Cabinet Room, Camp David, Nixon’s private office in the Executive Office Building (EOB), as well as the White House and Camp David telephones. A tape log outlining the topics of each conversation and providing specific conversation numbers, time, date, and names of those on the tape has been prepared by the staff at the Nixon Presidential Materials Project. An abbreviation, acronym, and name list has also been provided by Nixon Project to help narrow the search of the tapes. The tapes themselves vary greatly in quality; those from the EOB office are difficult to hear, while those in the Cabinet Room or over the telephone are often quite clear.

The NSC Files, NSC Institutional Files (H–Files) contain documents distributed prior to each NSC meeting (71 meetings held from 1969 to 1972), Special Review Group (49 meetings), Senior Review Group (91 meetings), Washington Special Actions Group (153 meetings), Defense Program Review Committee (23 meetings), Verification Panel (45 meetings), Vietnam Special Studies Group (7 meetings), and the NSC Intelligence Committee (1 meeting), along with detailed minutes of most of these meetings. There is a guide to the H–Files available at the National Archives.

After the Nixon Presidential Materials Project, the Henry A. Kissinger Papers located in the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress are second in importance. While the Kissinger papers contain copies of many of the most important items found in the Nixon Presidential Materials Project, the chief advantage of these files is that they are well-organized and contain fewer materials on administrative [Page XIV]matters of little value to most researchers. The most useful parts of the Kissinger Papers are the Chronological Files, Memoranda of Conversations, Memoranda for the President, and a collection of documents organized by country under the Geopolitical Files heading. The Kissinger papers also contain records of Kissinger’s telephone conversations (telcons). The telcons, prepared by members of the NSC staff, include Kissinger’s talks with President Nixon, Secretaries Rogers and Laird, other top U.S. officials, foreign diplomats (including “unofficial” go-betweens involved in Japanese textile negations), scholars, and newspaper, magazine, and television reporters (who comprise about one-third of the total number of conversations). Copies of the Kissinger telephone conversations are also available at the National Archives and are open to the public. Another unique item in the Kissinger papers is a typed version of Kissinger’s daily schedule. This is found under Miscellany, 1968–1976, Record of Schedule, though the schedule before August 31, 1970, has not been located. For an overview of the entire collection, researchers are advised to consult “Henry Kissinger: A Register of his Papers in the Library of Congress,” prepared by the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress in 1996. Access to these papers currently requires permission from Kissinger.

Since Nixon and Kissinger dominated the formulation and implementation of China policy, the files of the Department of State, the Department of Defense, and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) are of less importance for the 1969–1972 period than for earlier administrations. The White House deliberately excluded these agencies from involvement in rapprochement between the United States and the People’s Republic of China (PRC). These files are, however, important sources of information for researching America’s increasingly troubled relationship with the Republic of China on Taiwan (ROC). The Central Files of the Department of State are most valuable for information on day-to-day interaction with the ROC and for some information on events within the PRC. The Lot Files of the Department of State containing some useful information are the records of the Executive Secretariat (S/S), the organization charged with managing the paperwork of the Secretary of State (Lots 71 D 175 and 72 D 318) and the Conference Files, a consolidated grouping of documents related to trips by the Secretary, the President, and the Vice President. This latter collection includes many memoranda of conversation with foreign leaders and correspondence from high-level American officials while they were on travel or at the United Nations in New York.

For relevant records of the Central Intelligence Agency and the Department of Defense, see the following list.

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Unpublished Sources

  • Department of State
    • Central Files. See National Archives and Records Administration below.
    • Lot Files. For other lot files already transferred to the National Archives and Records Administration at College Park, Maryland, Record Group 59, see National Archives and Records Administration below.
      • INR/IL Historical Files
        • Files of the Office of Intelligence Coordination, containing records from the 1940s through the 1970s, maintained by the Office of Intelligence Liaison, Bureau of Intelligence and Research
  • National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland
    • Record Group 59, Records of the Department of State
      • Central Files
        • AID (US) CHINAT, ROC, U.S. economic aid to the ROC
        • AID (US) 8 CHINAT, U.S. grants and technical assistance to the ROC
        • AID (US) 15 CHINAT, P.L.–480 assistance to the ROC
        • CSM 1 CHICOM, Chinese Communist doctrine, objectives
        • CSM 1–1, Communist schisms, deviation
        • CUL CHICOM, cultural activities related to the People’s Republic of China (PRC)
        • CUL CHINAT, cultural activities related to the Republic of China (ROC)
        • DEF 12–1 CHICOM, nuclear testing, PRC
        • DEFASIA SE, regional military affairs, Southeast Asia
        • DEF CHICOM, military affairs, PRC
        • DEF CHINAT, military affairs, ROC
        • DEF 1 CHINAT, defense policy, plans, readiness, ROC
        • DEF 1 CHINATUS, defense policy, plans, readiness, ROC–U.S.
        • DEF 1–4 CHINAT, air defense, ROC
        • DEF 6 CHINAT, armed forces, ROC
        • DEF 6–5 CHINAT, paramilitary forces, ROC
        • DEF 15 CHINAT, bases and installations, ROC
        • DEF 15 CHINATUS, bases and installations, ROC–U.S.
        • DEF 15–3 CHINATUS, status of forces, ROC–U.S.
        • DEF 15 HK, bases and installations, Hong Kong
        • DEF 19 USCHINAT, U.S. military assistance to the ROC
        • DEF 19–8 USCHINAT, U.S. provision of military equipment and supplies to the ROC
        • ECHICOM or CHINAT, general economic affairs, PRC or ROC
        • EHK, general economic affairs, Hong Kong
        • E 5 MONG, economic development, Mongolia
        • FN CHICOM or CHINAT, financial affairs, PRC or ROC
        • FN HK, financial affairs, Hong Kong
        • FTCHICOMUS, question of trade with the PRC
        • FTCHICOM–1 US, general policy on the question of trade with the PRC
        • INT 6, collection of intelligence
        • INCO TEXTILES CHINAT, industries and commodities, textiles, ROC
        • ORG 1 OSD–STATE, State–Defense coordination
        • ORG 3–2, chiefs of mission and principal officers
        • ORG 7 FE, travel by officials of the Bureau of Far Eastern Affairs
        • ORG 7 S, travel by the Secretary of State
        • PET CHINAT, petroleum, ROC
        • POL ASIA/ASIA SE, political affairs and relations, Asia/Southeast Asia
        • POL 1 ASIA SEUS, U.S. general policy toward Southeast Asia
        • POL CAN–CHICOM, political affairs and relations, Canada and the PRC
        • POLCHICOM, political developments, PRC
        • POL 1 CHICOM, U.S. general policy toward the PRC
        • POL 1–3 CHICOM, general policy evaluation, PRC
        • POL 2 CHICOM, general reports and statistics, PRC
        • POL 13–2 CHICOM, PRC students and youth groups
        • POL 15–1 CHICOM, PRC head of state
        • POL 16 CHICOM, independence and recognition, PRC
        • POLCHICOMCHINAT, political affairs and relations, PRC China–ROC
        • POL 27 CHICOMCHINAT, military operations, PRCROC
        • POL 1 CHICOMFR, general policy, PRC and France
        • POLCHICOM–JAPAN, political affairs and relations, PRC and Japan
        • POLCHICOMUS, political affairs and relations, PRC and the U.S.
        • POL 1 CHICOMUS, U.S. general policy toward the PRC
        • POL 27–7 CHICOMUS, U.S. prisoners of war, hostages, civilian internees in the PRC
        • POL 31–1 CHICOMUS, air disputes and violations, PRC and the U.S.
        • POLCHICOMUSSR, political affairs and relations, PRC and the U.S.S.R
        • POL 32–1 CHICOMUSSR, territory and boundary disputes, violations, incidents, PRC and the U.S.S.R.
        • POLCHINAT, political developments, ROC
        • POL 2 CHINAT, general reports and statistics, ROC
        • POL 7 CHINAT, travel and visits by high–level ROC officials
        • POL 15–1 CHINAT, ROC head of state
        • POL 16 CHINAT, independence and recognition, ROC
        • POL 29 CHINAT, political prisoners, ROC
        • POLCHINATCHICOM, political affairs and relations, ROC and PRC
        • POLCHINATFR, political affairs and relations, ROC and France
        • POL 1 CHINATFR, ROC general policy toward France
        • POLCHINATUS, political affairs and relations, ROC and the U.S.
        • POL 1 CHINATUS, U.S. general policy toward the ROC
        • POL 17 CHINATUS, ROC diplomatic and consular representation in the U.S.
        • POL 1 CHINAT–VIET S, ROC general policy toward South Vietnam
        • POL 23–10 COMBLOC, travel controls, Communist Bloc countries
        • POLHK, political affairs and relations, Hong Kong
        • POL 23–8 HK, demonstrations, riots, protests, Hong Kong
        • POLHKUS, political affairs and relations, Hong Kong and the U.S.
        • POL 7 JAPAN, visits of Japanese leaders
        • POL 16 MONG, question of recognition of Mongolia
        • POLMONGUS, political affairs and relations, Mongolia and the U.S.
        • POL 7 ROM, travel and visits by high–level Romanian officials
        • POL 17 ROM–POL, Romanian diplomatic and consular representation in Poland
        • POLTAIWAN, political affairs and relations, Taiwan (ROC)
        • POLTIBET, political affairs and relations, Tibet
        • POL 19 TIBET, political issues concerning Tibet
        • POL 30–2 TIBET, Tibetan exile political activities
        • POL 19 TIBET/UN, the Tibet issue in the United Nations
        • POL 19 TIBET/US, U.S. policy with respect to Tibet
        • POL 1 US, general policy, background, U.S.
        • POL 2 US, general reports and statistics, U.S.
        • POL 7 USKENNEDY, files related to visits and meetings of Ambassador David Kennedy
        • POL 7 USKISSINGER, files related to visits and meetings of Henry A. Kissinger
        • POL 7 US/NIXON, President Nixon’s overseas visits, head of state visits to the U.S.
        • POL 15–1 US/NIXON, President Nixon’s meetings and correspondence with heads of state
        • POL 17 USCHICOM, U.S. diplomatic and consular representation in the PRC
        • POL 7 USSR, travel and visits by high–level Soviet officials
        • POL 27 VIET S, military operations, South Vietnam
        • SOC CHICOM or CHINAT, social conditions in the PRC or ROC
        • STR 9–1, strategic trade controls on trade with the PRC
        • TR 8 CHICOM, trade promotion and assistance, fairs and exhibitions, PRC
        • UN 3 GA, United Nations General Assembly
        • UN 6 CHICOM, Chinese representation question in the United Nations
      • Lot Files
        • DS/IM Files: Lot 96 D 695
          • Files of U. Alexis Johnson, 1958–1973. This lot file combines lots 90 D 407, 408 and 410. Memoranda of conversation, correspondence files, personal files, and 12 audiotapes.
        • EA/ACA Files: Lot 71 D 144
          • Files of Paul H. Kreisberg, Officer in Charge of Mainland China Affairs, 1965–1970, as maintained by the Office of Asian Communist Affairs
        • EA/ROC Files: Lot 71 D 187
          • Political files, 1968–1969, from the Office of Republic of China Affairs
        • EA/ROC Files: Lot 71 D 516
          • Matters related to economic and defense issues on Taiwan, 1969–1970, from the Office of Republic of China Affairs
        • EA/ROC Files: Lot 72 D 140
          • Top Secret files, including briefing materials and records of visits, 1961–1968, as maintained by the Office of Chinese Affairs, later by the Republic of China desk in the office of East Asian Affairs, and later by the Office of Republic of China Affairs
        • EA/ROC Files: Lot 72 D 145
          • Political files, 1970 and previous years, from the Office of Republic of China Affairs
        • EA/EX Files: Lot 72 D 276
          • Miscellaneous top secret files from 1953, 1967, 1969 and 1970, from the EA Message Center, filed by the Executive Secretariat
        • EA/ROC Files: Lot 73 D 38
          • Political files, 1970–1971, from the Office of Republic of China Affairs
        • EA/RA Files: Lot 73 D 418
          • Telegrams, airgrams, reports and correspondence, 1966–1972, from the Office of Regional Affairs
        • EA/ROC Files: Lot 74 D 25
          • Political files, 1964–1972, from the Republic of China desk in the Office of East Asian Affairs and later by the Office of Republic of China Affairs
        • EA/PRC/M Files: Lot 74 D 192
          • Hong Kong and Macau subject files, 1971–1972, from the Office of People’s Republic of China and Mongolia Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs
        • EA/PRC/M Files: Lot 74 D 213
          • NSC Under Secretaries Memorandum 91, travel and trade with the PRC, 1969–1973, from the Office of People’s Republic of China and Mongolia Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs
        • EA/PRC/M Files: Lot 74 D 400
          • PRC subject files, 1971, from the Office of People’s Republic of China and Mongolia Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs
        • EA Files: 74 D 471
          • Letters and memoranda prepared in the Office of the Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, 1972–1973
        • EA/ROC Files: Lot 75 D 61
          • Economic and defense files, 1968–1972, from the Office of Republic of China Affairs
        • EA/ROC Files: Lot 75 D 76
          • Political files, 1954–1973, and miscellaneous Top Secret files, 1955–1973, from the Office of Chinese Affairs, later by the Republic of China desk in the Office of East Asian Affairs, and later by the Office of Republic of China Affairs
        • EA/ROC Files: Lot 78 D 138
          • Files on political, defense, and legislative matters, 1971–1975, from the Office of Republic of China Affairs
        • EA/ROC Files: Lot 79 D 120
          • Top Secret files, 1961–1972, from the Republic of China desk in the office of East Asian Affairs, and later by the Office of Republic of China Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs
        • EA/ROC Files: Lot 79 D 307
          • Ambassadorial talks: Warsaw, 1969–1973, and top secret documents related to China, 1961–1977, from the Office of People’s Republic of China and Mongolian Affairs
        • Bundy Files: Lot 85 D 240
          • Files of William P. Bundy as Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, 1962–1970
        • EAP Files: Lot 89 D 436
          • China files of William H. Gleysteen, 1969–1977, from the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs
        • EAP/CM Files: Lot 96 D 539
          • Top secret China documents, 1971–1987, from the Office of Chinese and Mongolian Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs
        • INR/REA Files: Lot 74 D 499
          • Files relating to the Republic of China, 1969–1970, from the Office of Regional Affairs
        • INR/EAP Files: Lot 90 D 99
          • National Intelligence Estimates, Special National Intelligence Estimates, Telegrams, and Memos, 1952–1985, from the Office of Research and Analysis for East Asia and the Pacific
        • INR/EAP Files: Lot 90 D 110
          • National Intelligence Estimates, Special National Intelligence Estimates, Telegrams, and Memos, 1952–1985, from the Office of Research and Analysis for East Asia and the Pacific
        • INR/EAP Files: Lot 90 D 567
          • Top secret historical documents, 1976–1984, from the Office Research and Analysis for East Asia and Pacific
        • Rusk Files: Lot 72 D 192
          • Files of Secretary of State Dean Rusk, 1961–1969, including texts of speeches and public statements, miscellaneous correspondence files, White House correspondence, chronological files, and memoranda of telephone conversations
        • S/P Files: Lot 71 D 382
          • Records of the Policy Planning Staff, 1964–1970
        • S/P Files: Lot 72 D 139
          • Top Secret files of the Policy Planning Council, 1963–1971; country files, 1965–1969
        • S/P Files: Lot 77 D 112
          • Files of Policy Planning Director Winston Lord (1973–1977), covering the period 1969–1977
        • S/S Files: Lots 71 D 175 and 72 D 318
          • National Security Council meeting files, 1969–1970
        • S/S Files: Lot 72 D 319
          • Correspondence of President Richard M. Nixon
        • S/S Files: Lot 73 D 288
          • Cabinet, National Security Council, National Security Council Under Secretaries, and Senior Review Group miscellaneous memoranda, 1969–1972
        • S/S Files: Lot 73 D 443
          • Secretary William P. Rogers’ official and personal papers, 1969–1973 (contents of Rogers’ safe), from the Secretariat Staff
        • S/S Files: Lot 74 D 164
          • Under Secretary Irwin’s meetings with Kissinger, 1970–1972
        • S/S Files: Lot 74 D 504
          • Subject files of the Office of International Security Policy
        • S/S Files: Lot 76 D 249
          • Briefing books and personal files for Rush, Pederson and Rogers, including Rogers’ appointments and meetings with heads of government, from the Executive Secretariat. Files returned to the Executive Secretariat
        • S/S Files: Lot 80 D 212
          • National Security Council Files pertaining to NSSMs and related documents as maintained by the Department of State, 1969–1980
        • S/S Files: Lot 81 D 309, NSCU/SM
          • Under Secretaries Study Memorandum, 1969–1976
        • S/S Files: Lot 82 D 126
          • NSC, CIEP, Under Secretary Committee meeting miscellaneous files, 1969–1977
        • S/S Files: Lot 82 D 307
          • Files of Walter J. Stoessel, Deputy Secretary of State, including files on the Warsaw Talks, 1968–1982
        • S/S Files: Lot 83 D 276
          • NSC Under Secretaries Committee memoranda 1969–1977, NSC–U/DM1 through 142
        • S/S Files: Lot 83 D 277
          • NSC Under Secretaries Committee, 1969–1977, NSC–U/N–1 through 188
        • S/S Files: Lot 83 D 305
          • National Security Decision Memoranda (NSDMs), 1969–1977
        • S/S Files: Lot 83 D 411
          • NSC Contingency Plans for various countries, 1969–1974
        • Warsaw Talks Files: Lot 73 D 210
          • Files relating to the U.S.-China ambassadorial talks at Warsaw, 1958–1971, with some material concerning the 1955–1957 talks at Geneva, maintained by the Embassy at Warsaw and later by the Office of People’s Republic of China and Mongolia Affairs
  • Nixon Presidential Materials Project
    • National Security Council Files
      • Agency Files
      • Alexander M. Haig Chronological Files
      • Backchannel Files
      • Briefing Books for HAK’s SEA and PRC Trips
      • China Trip/Vietnam Negotiations. Includes chronological files entitled “China Exchanges.”
      • Country Files: China/PRC, Hong Kong, Mongolia, India (Tibet), Pakistan, Norway, Poland, USSR
      • Files for the President—China Materials
      • Jonathan Howe Trip Files
      • Name Files
      • NSC Secretariat, Unfiled Materials
      • Presidential Correspondence
      • Presidential/HAK Memoranda of Conversation
      • President’s Daily Briefings, January 1969–August 1974
      • President’s Trip Files
      • Staff Files
      • Subject Files
      • Visits by Foreign Leaders
    • Henry A. Kissinger Files
      • Administrative and Staff Files, 1968–1974
      • Country Files, Far East
      • Trip Files
    • National Security Council Institutional Files (H-Files)
      • National Security Council Minutes
      • National Security Council Meetings
      • Senior Review Group Minutes
      • Senior Review Group Meetings
      • Policy Papers, National Security Decision Memoranda
      • Study Memoranda
      • Under Secretaries Committee Files
    • White House Special Files
      • Staff Member and Office Files
      • President’s Office Files
      • President’s Personal Files
      • Subject Files
      • Alpha Name Files
    • White House Central Files
      • Staff Member and Office Files: President’s Daily Diary
      • Subject Files
      • Alpha Name Files
      • White House Tapes
  • Central Intelligence Agency
    • DCI’s Executive Registry Files: Jobs 80–B01086A, 80–R01284A, 80–R10580R, 80–R01731R, and 84–B00513R, executive files of the Director of Central Intelligence
    • DCI/National Intelligence Officer, Folders on the Sino-Soviet conflict: Job 93–T01468R
    • Files of Directors of Central Intelligence John A. McCone (1961–1965), William F. Raborn (1965–1966), and Richard M. Helms (1966–1973): Job 80–B01285A
    • O/D/NFAC, National Intelligence Officer: Jobs 79–R00904A, 79–T00937A, 79–R00967A, and 79–T00968A
    • National Intelligence Council Files, National Intelligence Estimates and Special National Intelligence Estimates: Job 79–R01012
  • Library of Congress
    • Papers of Henry A. Kissinger
      • Cables
      • Chronological File
      • Department of State
      • Geopolitical File
      • Memoranda of Conversations
      • Memoranda to the President
      • Miscellany National Security Council
      • NATO
      • Speeches and Writings
      • Subject File
      • Telephone Records
    • Papers of Eliot Richardson
      • Memoranda of conversations
      • Telephone conversations
  • Washington National Records Center, Suitland, Maryland
    • Record Group 330, Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 72 6308 and FRC 330 72 6309
        • Top secret and secret subject decimal files of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1969
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 72 7500
        • Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1968–1970, Cable and Miscellaneous Correspondence Pertaining to the Paris Peace Talks
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 73 1345
        • Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, Miscellaneous Files from the Office of the Executive Officer, Secret
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 73 1975
        • Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1970 General Files, Secret
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 73 2360
        • Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, Files of Armistead Selden, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 74 0036
        • Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, Miscellaneous Files
      • OSD Files: FRC 330 74 0045
        • Chronological Files for the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Defense, 1969–1973, Top Secret
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 74 0083
        • Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1971 General Files, Secret
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 74 0115
        • Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1971 General Files, Top Secret
      • OSD Files: FRC 330 74 0142
        • Immediate Office of the Secretary of Defense Vault, 1969–1972
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 75 0067
        • Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, Miscellaneous Country Files
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 75 0125
        • Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1972 General Files, Secret
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 75 0155
        • Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1972 General Files, Top Secret
      • OSD Files: FRC 330 75 0089
        • Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Special Assistant to the Secretary, 1969 Secret.
      • OSD Files: FRC 330 75 0103
        • Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Special Assistant to the Secretary, 1969 Top Secret
      • OSD Files: FRC 330 75 0104
        • Office of the Secretary of Defense (1966–1971), Admiral Murphy/General Pursley, Top Secret
      • OSD Files: FRC 330 75 0095
        • Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Special Assistant to the Secretary, 1972 Top Secret
      • OSD Files: FRC 330 76 0028
        • Office of the Special Assistant to the Secretary and Deputy Secretary, Office Chrons, 1958–1973.
      • OSD Files: FRC 330 76 0067
        • Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Special Assistant to the Secretary, 1970 Secret
      • OSD Files: FRC 330 76 0076
        • Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Special Assistant to the Secretary, 1970 Top Secret
      • OSD Files: FRC 330 76 0197
        • Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Special Assistant to the Secretary, 1971 Secret
      • OSD Files: FRC 330 76 0207
        • Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Special Assistant to the Secretary, 1971 Top Secret
      • OSD Files: FRC 330 77 0094
        • Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Special Assistant to the Secretary, 1972 Secret
      • OSD Files: FRC 330 77 0131
        • Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense, Miscellaneous Records, 1962–1972
      • OSD Files: FRC 330 78 0141
        • Original Multi-Addressee Memoranda Signed by the Secretary and Deputy Secretary, 1948–1977
      • OSD Files: FRC 330 80 0059
        • Office of the Secretary of Defense, Relations with Congress, the White House, and Public, 1956–1975
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 80 0026
        • Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, Taiwan Files, 1966–1977
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 80 0055
        • Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, Security Assistance Files, 1950–1977
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 81 0712
        • Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, East Asia and Pacific Affairs Files, 1964–1973, Japan
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 83 0123
        • Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, East Asia and Pacific Affairs Files, 1961–1979, Taiwan/China

Published Sources

  • Documentary Collections
    • Allen, John, Jr., Carver, and Tom Elmore, editors. Tracking the Dragon: National Intelligence Estimates on China During the Era of Mao, 1948–1976. Washington, D.C.:Executive Office of the President, Central Intelligence Agency, Office of the Director, National Intelligence Council, 2004.
    • Burr, William, editor. Kissinger Transcripts: The Top Secret Talks with Beijing and Moscow: A National Security Archive Documents Reader. New York: The New Press, 1998.
    • Haldeman, H.R. The Haldeman Diaries: Inside the Nixon White House: The Complete Multimedia Edition, Sony Electronic Publishing, 1994. (CD-ROM)
    • U.S. Department of State. Bulletin 1969–1972.
    • U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Richard Nixon, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973.
  • Memoirs
    • Garthoff, Raymond, Détente and Confrontation: American Soviet Relations from Nixon to Reagan. Revised Edition. Washington: The Brookings Institution, 1994.
    • Green, Marshall, John H. Holdridge, and William N. Stokes, War and Peace with China: First Hand Experiences in the Foreign Service of the United States. Bethesda: DACOR Press, 1994.
    • Garver, John W. China’s Decision for Rapprochement with the United States, 1968–1971. Boulder: Westview Press, 1982.
    • Haig, Alexander M., Jr.Inner Circle: How America Changed the World. New York:Warner Books, 1992.
    • Haldeman, H.R.The Ends of Power. New York: Times Books, 1978.
    • The Haldeman Diaries: Inside the Nixon White House. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1994.
    • Holdridge, John H.Crossing the Divide: An Insider’s Account of the Normalization of U.S. China Relations. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1997.
    • Kissinger, Henry A.White House Years. Boston; Little, Brown, and Company, 1979.
    • About Face: A History of America’s Curious Relationship with China from Nixon to Clinton. New York: Alfred Knopf, 1999.
    • Nixon, Richard M.RN: The Memoirs of Richard Nixon. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1978.
    • Shen, James C. H.The U.S. and Free China: How the U.S. Sold Out Its Ally. Washington: Acropolis Books Ltd., 1983.
    • Walters, Vernon A.Silent Missions. Garden City: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1978.