188. Executive Order 114601


By virtue of the authority vested in me as President of the United States, it is ordered as follows:

  • SECTION 1. There is hereby established the President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, hereinafter referred to as “the Board.” The Board shall:
    advise the President concerning the objectives, conduct, management and coordination of the various activities making up the overall national intelligence effort;2
    conduct a continuing review and assessment of foreign intelligence and related activities in which the Central Intelligence Agency and other Government departments and agencies are engaged;
    receive, consider and take appropriate action with respect to matters identified to the Board, by the Central Intelligence Agency and other Government departments and agencies of the intelligence community, in which the support of the Board will further the effectiveness of the national intelligence effort; and
    report to the President concerning the Board’s findings and appraisals, and make appropriate recommendations for actions to achieve increased effectiveness of the Government’s foreign intelligence effort in meeting national intelligence needs.3
  • SEC. 2. In order to facilitate performance of the Board’s functions, the Director of Central Intelligence and the heads of all other departments and agencies shall make available to the Board all information with respect to foreign intelligence and related matters which the Board may require for the purpose of carrying out its responsibilities to the President in accordance with the terms of this Order. Such information [Page 384] made available to the Board shall be given all necessary security protection in accordance with the terms and provisions of applicable laws and regulations.
  • SEC. 3. Members of the Board shall be appointed by the President from among persons outside the Government, qualified on the basis of knowledge and experience in matters relating to the national defense and security, or possessing other knowledge and abilities which may be expected to contribute to the effective performance of the Board’s duties.4 The members of the Board shall receive such compensation and allowances, consonant with law, as may be prescribed hereafter.
  • SEC. 4. The Board shall have a staff headed by an Executive Secretary, who shall be appointed by the President and shall receive such compensation and allowances, consonant with law, as may be prescribed by the Board. The Executive Secretary shall be authorized, subject to the approval of the Board and consonant with law, to appoint and fix the compensation of such personnel as may be necessary for performance of the Board’s duties.5
  • SEC. 5. Compensation and allowances of the Board, the Executive Secretary, and members of the staff, together with other expenses arising in connection with the work of the Board, shall be paid from the appropriation appearing under the heading “Special Projects” in the Executive Office Appropriation Act, 1969, Public Law 90–350, 82 Stat. 195, and, to the extent permitted by law, from any corresponding appropriation which may be made for subsequent years. Such payments shall be made without regard to the provisions of section 3681 of the Revised Statutes and section 9 of the Act of March 4, 1909, 35 Stat. 1027 (31 U.S.C. 672 and 673).
  • SEC. 6. Executive Order No. 10938 of May 4, 1961, is hereby revoked.

Richard Nixon6
  1. Source: 34 Federal Register 5535. Documentation on the formulation of the executive order—including the draft executive order prepared by PFIAB member Frank Lincoln, revisions urged by PFIAB Chairman Maxwell Taylor, and objections raised by Laird and Helms—is in the National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Agency Files, Box 274, President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board—Vol. 1 [1969]. Also see Document 186. Significant differences in E.O. 11460 from E.O. 10938 of May 4, 1961, which it replaced, are footnoted below. E.O. 10938 is in 26 Federal Register 3951.
  2. E.O. 10938 stated that “the function of the Board shall be to advise the President with respect to the objectives and conduct of the foreign intelligence and related activities of the United States which are required in the interests of foreign policy and national defense and security.”
  3. E.O. 10938 required the Board to report to the President “each six months or more frequently as deemed appropriate.”
  4. E.O. 10938 stated that “members of the Board shall be appointed from among qualified persons outside the Government.”
  5. This section is new.
  6. Printed from a copy that bears this typed signature.