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Increased U.S. Military Aid to Iran and the Iranian Role in Middle East Defense, U.S. Economic Aid and Loans to Iran, Iran’s Adherence to the Baghdad Pact, and Participation of American and Foreign Oil Companies in Iran’s Oil Development1

1. For previous documentation on U.S. relations with Iran, see Foreign Relations, 1952–1954, volume X.


286. Memorandum From the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Jernegan) to the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration (Henderson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/1–755. Secret. Drafted by Stutesman and approved by Baxter and Kitchen.


287. Memorandum From the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/1–1055. Top Secret. Transmitted to the NSC for consideration at its January 13 meeting under cover of a memorandum from Lay, January 10.


288. Memorandum From the Director of the Policy Planning Staff (Bowie) to the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Source: Department of State, S/SNSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5402—Memoranda, Top Secret. Bowie was the Department of State Representative on the NSC Planning Board.

At the bottom of the source text the following note was typed: “NEA concurs.”


289. Memorandum From the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Jernegan) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, S/SNSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5402—Memoranda. Top Secret. Drafted by Baxter, Kitchen, Dixon, and Stutesman and concurred in by S/P, G, EUR, and E.


290. Memorandum of Discussion at the 231st Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, January 13, 1955

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret. Drafted by Gleason on January 14.


291. National Security Council Report

Source: Department of State, S/SNSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5504 Series. Top Secret.


292. Letter From the Under Secretary of State (Hoover) to the Director of the Foreign Operations Administration (Stassen)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/1–2755. Secret. Drafted by Dixon and concurred in by Jernegan, Baxter, and Frechtling (in substance).


293. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Allen) to the Acting Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/1–3155. Secret. Drafted by Baxter, Stutesman, Kitchen, and Dixon. George V. Allen became Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs on January 26.


294. Memorandum From the Secretary’s Special Assistant for Mutual Security Affairs (Nolting) to the Acting Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/2–155. Top Secret.


295. Memorandum From the Deputy Director of the Office of Greek, Turkish, and Iranian Affairs (Kitchen) to the Acting Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, GTI Files: Lot 58 D 338, Military Aid 1955. Confidential. Also sent to Allen and Jernegan.


296. Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Greek, Turkish, and Iranian Affairs (Baxter) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Allen)

Source: Department of State, GTI Files: Lot 58 D 338, Military Aid—1955. Secret. Drafted by Stutesman.


297. Letter From the Director of the Foreign Operations Administration (Stassen) to the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/2–555. Secret.


298. Memorandum of a Conversation, New York, February 8, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.1½–955. Secret. Drafted by Kitchen on February 9.


299. Memorandum for the Record by the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/2–2655. Confidential.


300. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Allen) to the Acting Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/3–355. Official Use Only. Drafted by Allen and concurred in by Willis C. Armstrong and Eakens.


301. Paper Prepared by R. Bernard Crowl of the Office of Greek, Turkish, and Iranian Affairs

Source: Department of State, GTI Files: Lot 58 D 338, Military Aid—1955. Secret.


302. Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/3–2355. Secret. Passed to FOA, Treasury, and Defense.


303. Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, March 30, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/3–3055. Official Use Only. Drafted by Eakens on April 4 and approved by Hoover.


304. Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.00/4–855. Confidential. Repeated to London, Meshed, Isfahan, and Tabriz.


305. Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/4–1155. Secret.


306. Memorandum From the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, JCS Records, CCS.092 Iran (4–23–48). Top Secret.


308. Despatch From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5/4–2555. Top Secret.


309. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Waugh) to the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/5–255. Drafted by Eakens and approved by Armstrong.


310. Letter From the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Hensel) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/5–1455. Top Secret.


313. Letter From the Acting Secretary of State to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Hensel)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/5–1455. Top Secret. Drafted by Crowl and cleared by Baxter and Jernegan.


314. Letter From the Secretary of State to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/6–2755. Top Secret. Drafted by Hannah and Dixon on June 25.


315. Letter From the Director of Central Intelligence (Dulles) to the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/7–155. Secret.