1. For a brief account of the conference by one of the participants, see William A. Eddy, F.D.R. Meets Ibn Saud (New York, American Friends of the Middle East, Inc., 1954), p. 36.
  2. For previous documentation regarding the status of the diplomatic missions of the United States in Egypt and Iraq, see Foreign Relations, 1944, vol. v, pp. 3 ff.
  3. For previous documentation on this subject, see Foreign Relations, 1943, vol. iv, pp. 852 ff.; also ibid., 1944, vol. v, p 660.
  4. For previous documentation on this subject, see Foreign Relations, 1944, vol. v, pp. 8 ff. An article entitled “Petroleum in International Relations” by John A. Loftus, Special Assistant to the Director of the Office of International Trade Policy, is printed in the Department of State Bulletin, August 5, 1945, p. 173.
  5. Draft bilateral civil air transport agreements were submitted by the United States to several governments of the Near and Middle East in 1945. Documentation regarding discussions with Saudi Arabia is printed on pp. 845 ff., passim. For information on discussions with Iran and India, see p. 584 and vol. vi, p. 289, respectively. No separate documentation on discussions with Egypt, Greece, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon, and Turkey is included in this volume except as found in this compilation. The proposals by the United States were in furtherance of gaining acceptance of the principles established in the International Air Transport Agreement, frequently referred to as the “Five Freedoms” Agreement, concluded on December 7, 1944, at the International Civil Aviation Conference held at Chicago from November 1 to December 7, 1944; for text of agreement, see Proceedings of the International Civil Aviation Conference, Chicago, Illinois, November 1–December 7, 1944 (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1948), vol. i, p. 179. Documentation on the Chicago Conference is printed in Foreign Relations, 1944, vol. ii, pp. 355 ff. For documentation on the efforts of the United States in 1945 to implement its international aviation policy, see vol. ii, pp. 1455 ff.
  6. Documentation on the negotiation of this agreement is found in Department of State files, Nos. 103.9169, 800.24, and 841.24.
  7. For previous documentation regarding the relaxation of import controls administered by the Middle East Supply Center, see Foreign Relations, 1944, vol. v, pp. 41 ff. An article on this subject, written by Frederick Winant of the War Areas Economic Division, is printed in the Department of State Bulletin, January 25, 1945, p. 80. A further article, “Civilian Requirements from War to Peace: The Middle East Supply Center”, by Francis Boardman of the Division of Commercial Policy, is printed ibid., December 23, 1945, p. 994.