740.00116 PW/11–1645

The Acting Political Adviser in Japan ( Atcheson ) to the Secretary of State
No. 57

Sir: I have the honor to refer to this Office’s despatch No. 52, November 13, 1945, enclosing a copy of a memorandum addressed to General MacArthur recommending the arrest of thirteen major Japanese war criminal suspects, and to our telegram No. 136, November 15, 1945,96 reporting the transmission to General MacArthur of a second list of twenty-two additional major war criminal suspects, with supporting biographic data.

There is now enclosed a copy of our memorandum pf November 14, 1945 to General MacArthur together with the above mentioned second list of suspects recommended for immediate arrest as guilty of crimes against peace or violations of the laws or customs of war. As mentioned in the reference telegram, all the names except one (Shoriki, Matsutaro, which was included on the basis of evidence compiled here), were taken from the War Crimes Office lists prepared with the Department’s assistance and it is our intention to submit additional names as evidence which would warrant further arrests is compiled. We understand that the lists submitted by the Counter Intelligence Section of General Headquarters coincide closely with ours.

Respectfully yours,

George Atcheson, Jr.
[Enclosure]
Memorandum by the Acting Political Adviser in Japan (Atcheson)

Memorandum for: Supreme Commander and Chief of Staff.

Reference our memorandum of November 12, 1945, enclosing a list of thirteen major Japanese war criminal suspects, together with biographic data concerning each which we consider sufficient evidence to support their arrest for trial for crimes against peace or violations of the laws or customs of war, as defined in Section II, Article 6 (a) and (b) of the Four Power Agreement on War Crimes Trials.

The two lists thus far submitted comprise, we believe, the most outstanding Japanese who, in our opinion, on the basis of evidence now available to us, should be immediately apprehended.

George Atcheson, Jr.
[Page 968]
[Subenclosure]
Major Japanese War Criminals

(Second List)

Atkawa, Yoshisuke. Member, Cabinet Advisory Board, Koiso Cabinet.97 Brother-in-law and close associate of Fusanosuke Kuhara. Industrialist who worked in close cooperation, and to his great profit, with aggressive elements of Army and Government.

Amau, Eiji. Career diplomat. Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs, July–October, 1941. Succeeded Tani as President, Bureau of Information under Tojo. Foreign Office spokesman 1933–37. Author of “Amau Statement” (warning other Powers to keep hands off China) of April 17, 1934.98 Ardent nationalist. Reported associate of Shiratori. Close Army connections.

Ando, Kisaburo, Lieutenant General (retired). Home Affairs Minister, April 1943–July 1944 under Tojo. Supreme Military Councillor, 1941. Said to be an intimate friend of Tojo. Leading member Army clique. Address: 9, Shimizu-Cho, Suginami-Ku, Tokyo.

Aoki, Kazuo. Career Finance Ministry official, important in Japan’s program of continental expansion. Minister Greater East Asia Affairs under Tojo. Adviser to the Greater East Asia Ministry since August 1944. Reported close to Tojo and “a favorite of the Kwantung Army clique”.

Goto, Fumio. Bureaucrat, nationalist, influential supporter of the Army and its policies. Leader of Fascist Shin-Nippon Doniei. Vice President of Imperial Rule Assistance Association April 1943–July 1944. Minister without Portfolio in Tojo Cabinet. President, Youth Corps, Imperial Rule Assistance Association, 1944. Address: 29 Konno-Cho, Shibuya-Ku, Tokyo.

Hata, Shunroku, Field Marshal. Supreme Military Council 1944; Supreme Commander of Japanese Forces in China February 1941–1944. One of foremost advocates of expansionist, totalitarian policies. Close friend of Koiso. Address: 122 Taishio, Setagaya-Ku, Tokyo.

Hiranuma, Kiichiro, Baron. President of Privy Council 1936–1939. 1945. Premier 1939. Minister Without Portfolio and Home Minister in second Konoye Cabinet.99 Vice Premier and Minister Without Portfolio in third Konoye Cabinet.1 Member of the Jushin (Council of elder statesmen with responsibility for selecting [Page 969] prime ministers). Close to Konoye. One of top behind the scenes policy makers of last ten years.

Hirota, Koki. Minister of Foreign Affairs June 1937–May 1938. A staunch nationalist closely connected with reactionary patriotic organizations favored by Army. High in councils of Black Dragon Society. Disciple of Mitsuru Toyama, Chairman committee to arrange his funeral, October 1944. Born February 1878. Address: 170, 2–Chome, Harajuki, Shibuya-Ku, Tokyo.

Honda, Kumataro. Ambassador to Nanking, 1940–1942. Adviser New Asia Movement of Imperial Rule Assistance Association, September 1944. Extremely active behind the scenes. Close relations fighting services, imperialist opinions. Pro-Axis.

Hoshino, Naoki. Bureaucrat, Chief Cabinet Secretary in Tojo’s Cabinet 1941–1944. Leading role in building up war industries in “Manchukuo”. Close collaborator with Army there, known as “Manchukuo’s dictator”. Reported founder Concordia Society, modeled on Nazi Party, in “Manchukuo”. Strong pro-Axis, totalitarian views and activities.

Konoye, Fumimaro, Prince. Premier when Japan attacked China, adopted the National Mobilization Law, entered the Tri-Partite Alliance with Germany and Italy, dispatched troops to Indo-China, and dissolved the old political parties. Established Imperial Rule Assistance Association and was its first president. Of great value to the militarists because of his close ties with the Throne and ability to reconcile conflicting elements among the ruling groups. Believed to have favored and sponsored continental expansion.

Nishio, Toshizo, General (retired). Supreme Military Councillor 1941. Commander-in-Chief Japanese Expeditionary Forces in China, September 1939–February 1941. Address: 67, Tansu-Machi, Azabu-Ku, Tokyo.

Oshima, Hiroshi, Lieutenant General (retired). Former Ambassador to Berlin.2 A strong pro-Nazi and influential member of the military clique. One of the “Big Four” in the negotiation of the Pact with Germany and Italy in 1940. (Reported being brought back to Japan from the United States).

Shioten, Nabutaka, Lieutenant General. Director Imperial Rule Assistance Association since August 1944; Vice President of Great East Asia League. Member of Black Dragon Society. Reported Fascist, anti-Semitic leanings and an active militarist.

Shoriki, Matsutaro. President Yomiuri-Hochi newspaper. Councillor to Cabinet Information Board under Tojo 1943. Appointed Privy Councillor 1944. Adviser to Koiso Cabinet. Director of IEAA and IRAPS. Councillor to Board of Information 1945. [Page 970] Former Chief of Criminal Department of Metropolitan Police Board, distinguishing himself in thought control work. Long advocated aggressive policies, closer ties with Axis, through the Yomiuri. Close personal ties with Army, German Embassy. Now resisting efforts by junior staff to remove him from control of Yomiuri because of pro-military record.

Suma, Yakichiro. Career diplomat, active supporter of military leaders and programs, and one of Japanese diplomats regarded as “acceptable” to the military. Involved in diplomatic intrigue preceding and accompaying Japanese invasion of China, Followed chauvinistic pattern of Shiratori and Amau as Foreign Office spokesman 1939–1940. Minister to Spain 1940–1945. (Reported interned in Spain May 1945; believed still there.)

Tada, Hayao, General. Supreme Military Councillor 1941. A leading expansionist of Military Clique. Commander-in-Chief Japanese Forces in Northern China 1939–1941. Worked with General Doihara in North China in 1935 and 1936.

Takahashi, Sankichi, Admiral. Adviser to Imperial Rule Assistance Association; member of Supreme Military Council; Councillor GHQ New Asia Movement. Influential among younger naval officers. Reported advocated war against the United States and Britain. Address: 83, Shirokane Imazato-Cho, Shiba-Ku, Tokyo.

Tani, Masayuki. Foreign Minister, President, Board of Information, and Ambassador to Nanking under Tojo. Reported associate of Shiratori and a leader of the military inclined clique of the Foreign Office. Long advocate of strong policy toward China. Described as “arrogantly nationalistic” and “one of the Army’s most trusted servants”.

Toyoda, Soemu, Admiral. Commander-in-Chief Combined Fleet 1944; Supreme Military Councillor 1942; Chief of Navy General Staff May 29, 1945. Reported extremely nationalistic and anti-foreign. Address: 518 Shimouma, 3–Chome, Setagaya-Ku, Tokyo (1940).

Umezu, Yoshijiro, General. Chief of Army General Staff upon fall of Tojo Cabinet July 1944; Commander of Kwantung Army for previous four years; Supreme Military Councillor July 1944. Reported one of most influential men in the Japanese Army. Signed surrender document on behalf of Imperial General Headquarters on September 2, 1945.

Ushiroku, Atsushi (Jun), General. Supreme Military Council 1944. Commander-in-Chief South China 1940. Chief of Staff Japanese Forces in China 1941. Vice Chief, Army General Staff, 1943. A close friend of Tojo and one of most active participants in aggressions in China and Manchuria.

  1. Telegram not printed.
  2. July 1944–April 1945.
  3. See Foreign Relations, 1934, vol. iii, p. 112, and Foreign Relations, Japan, 1931–1941, vol. i, p. 224.
  4. July 1940–July 1941.
  5. July–October 1941.
  6. 1938–39 and December 1940–May 1945.