1. For previous documentation on this subject, see Foreign Relations, 1944, vol. v., pp. 1299 ff., passim. Three missions were sent to the Philippines in 1945 to investigate various aspects of Philippine rehabilitation. The first, a Presidential mission headed by Millard E. Tydings, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Territories and Insular Affairs and Chairman of the Filipino Rehabilitation Commission, conducted its investigations in May (for statement of May 5 by President Truman establishing the Tydings Mission, see p. 1199). Senator Tydings reported his findings to the Senate on June 7; for text, see Congressional Record, vol. 91, pt. 5, p. 5697, or Senate Document No. 53, 79th Cong., 1st sess. The War Damage Corporation, an agency of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, sent a technical mission to the Philippines on June 1. The report of the mission, entitled Surrey of War Damage in the Philippines, was completed in September 1945 and printed for the use of the Senate Committee on Territories and Insular Affairs, 79th Cong., 1st sess. (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1945). A copy is filed under 411B.00 War Damages/9–3045. In July, 1945, President Truman requested Paul V. McNutt, Chairman of the War Manpower Commission, to head a mission to survey the broad social and political picture in the Philippines and formulate recommendations for action by the United States. For a brief account of the Mission, see House Document No. 389, 80th Cong., 1st sess.: Seventh and Final Report of the High Commissioner to the Philippines, p. 12.

    Relief aid to the Philippines was also administered by the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration; for documentation on this subject, see vol. ii, pp. 969 971, 1011 1012, 1037 1038, and 1038n .

  2. For Department’s readiness to offer facilities to train selected Filipinos in diplomatic and consular work, see letter of March 24, 1944, from the Secretary of State to the Philippine Resident Commissioner to the United States, Foreign Relations, 1944, vol. v, p. 1303.