Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State (White)
Proposed Program in Haiti
As soon as he returns to Haiti Mr. Munro will at once resume negotiations on the Haitianization plan.30 This plan is nearly completed and it is understood will be as follows:
Mr. Munro will conclude the negotiations now nearly terminated regarding the Public Works Department, it being understood, although he will not so advise the Haitians immediately, that the Public Works Service will be completely Haitianized not later than January 1, 1932. Mr. Munro will be at liberty to turn over the whole Public Works Department to the Haitians any time after his return to Haiti that he thinks advisable.
Mr. Munro will work out at once the administrative details in order to permit complete Haitianization of the Public Health Service with the exception of the Public Health Services in the cities of Port au Prince and Cape Haitien. This will mean an allocation by the Director of the Public Health Service of the budget to show just how much is expended by the two cities in question. This amount will be retained by him and the balance turned over to the Haitian authorities.[Page 455]
The sanitation of the towns of Gonaїves and Cayes has not yet been accomplished. Mr. Munro will therefore suggest to the Haitians that they permit the completion of this work. If the Haitians wish that done, it will be done; if not, the scheme above set forth will be followed.
The whole educational control will be immediately turned back to the Haitians. As regards agriculture, Mr. Munro will insist that Mr. Colvin be appointed as of July 1, last, giving the Haitians the understanding that he will retire from the Service on January 1, 1932, and that he will actually leave Haiti as much prior to that as he has leave of absence with pay due him. Of course Mr. Colvin would leave Haiti at once should the Haitians desire to pay him now in advance, say six months’ salary, in order to enable him to find employment up here. The other agricultural engineers will also remain not later than January 1, 1932. If, as Doctor Munro anticipates, the Haitian Government should desire some of these engineers to remain longer to keep up the agricultural work, especially until Haitian students in the United States can return and take over the work, this would be arranged on the basis of private contracts between these engineers and the Haitian Government. They would therefore cease to be Treaty Officials.
The above Treaty Services depend on Article XIII of the Treaty of 1915 and are the result of an agreement between the two Governments. The two Governments can therefore agree to suspend or abolish these Services. The Financial Services are based on Articles II to IX inclusive, and are a direct obligation on the part of Haiti as is the Constabulary, established by Article X, by which Haiti obligated itself for the creation of a Constabulary. These two Services therefore are in an entirely different category from the three others and, furthermore, third parties have interests based thereon, so that the Haitian Government can not change these except as the United States agrees.
As there is no provision for a Constabulary after the Treaty expires on May 3, 1936, an agreement has been drawn up by which the Constabulary will be Haitianized by that time. Mr. Munro will stand on that basis and will decline any quicker Haitianization. As a matter of fact, the Haitianization drawn up by the Marine officers in chargé is somewhat more rapid than the Forbes’ Commission suggested.
In the Financial Services the administration of the land registration will be given up. In order to carry out the provisions of Article VIII of the Protocol of 1919, a new Convention will be negotiated, [Page 456] negotiations to begin immediately after the signing of the Haitianization program above mentioned. This Convention, although signed immediately, will go into effect on May 3, 1936, the date of the expiration of the Treaty of 1915, and will remain in full force and effect so long as any of the bonds issued under the Protocol of 1919 are outstanding. A draft of this proposed Convention is attached hereto.
- In telegram No. 26, April 24, 7 p.m., the Secretary informed Mr. Munro that he might proceed with his negotiations on the basis of the program and draft convention drawn up and discussed with him on April 22 (838.00/2956a).↩