711.679 Residence and Establishment/29: Telegram

The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Turkey (Grew)


55. Your 68, September 17, 2 p.m.

The Department, upon further consideration, has decided that it would not be advisable at this time to raise the question of granting most-favored-nation treatment to the Turks in matters of entry and sojourn. However, before you are definitely instructed in the matter, your observations are desired by the Department on the considerations hereunder:
Turkey might take the granting of most-favored-nation treatment to its nationals in matters of entry and sojourn to mean that the United States Government is willing to accord them in such matters the treatment now enjoyed by nationals of other countries of the Western Hemisphere under the Immigration Act of 1924, Section 4 (c). This is, of course, out of the question.
The United States Government would find acceptable the granting, in matters of entry and sojourn, of most-favored-nation treatment limited to the merchants only of either country, but the Department questions whether, if the Turks understood the implication of such an arrangement, they would be willing to accept it, in view of the probable invocation of the arrangement by naturalized American citizens of Ottoman Turk-Armenian origin to secure permission as American merchants to enter and sojourn in Turkey.
The Department, in weighing the considerations set forth above in paragraphs (1) to (3), would be glad to receive from you, your views regarding the possibility, if any, that omitting any reference in the treaty to the rights of entry and sojourn might compromise the rights which American representatives in Turkey of American or other business concerns already enjoy.
The Department concurs with your belief that it would be most advisable to obtain, if possible, the consent of the Turks to omission of the word “other” in the final line of the formula as it stands now; and such modification of the text you are authorized to effect through the use of any arguments you may think it appropriate to employ. Should your efforts in the above connection not prove successful, the Department hopes that the same end may be attained by you through an appropriate reference either in a protocol or in some other subsidiary document which the high contracting parties will sign.
In case the Turks should reject both of the procedures suggested above in paragraph (5), do you believe that the difficulty might be obviated through modification of the second part of the [Page 859] formula to read as follows:12 “the United States will accord to Turkey and Turkey will accord to the United States most-favored-nation treatment and in cases where national treatment is permitted by the laws of the two countries, respectively, each will accord the other national treatment.”
It is desired by the Department that you obtain the consent, if possible, of the Turks to a five-year term for the proposed treaty, and it is presumed that there will be no objection to our desires in this connection in view of the term of the Anglo-Turk treaty. It would be desirable also to provide for extending the validity of the treaty beyond the five-year term until one year from the date upon which either high contracting party shall have notified the other of its intention to terminate it.
Your proposal to take Shaw and Gillespie to Ankara as delegation members is approved.
You may begin negotiations as soon after October 1 as is feasible.
  1. Quotation not paraphrased.