List of Papers

[Unless otherwise specified, the correspondence is from or to officials in the Department of State.]

FINLAND

Continuation of Negotiations for an Agreement Regarding Naturalization, Dual Nationality, and Military Service

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Mar. 8 (1597) From the Minister in Finland
Foreign Office note of March 7 (text printed), expressing view of Finnish Government that article 1 of proposed naturalization treaty conflicts with Finnish nationality law of June 17, 1927.
1
Oct. 8 (17) To the Minister in Finland
Hope that after further study of operation of Finnish nationality law of 1927, the Finnish Government may find it possible to enter into agreement along lines of the draft treaty.
(Footnote: Information that convention regulating military obligations of persons having dual nationality was signed with Finland on January 27, 1939.)
4

FRANCE

Negotiations for a Treaty Between the United States and France Regarding Double Taxation

[Page VIII][Page IX]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 Jan. 27 (138) From the Ambassador in France
Willingness of French Government to enter into discussion of double taxation problem.
6
Feb. 14 (221) From the Ambassador in France
Proposal by French officials for execution of treaty; suggestion that Mr. Mitchell Carroll, of the Bureau of Internal Revenue, be designated to come to Paris to open negotiations.
7
Apr. 23 (137) To the Ambassador in France
Advice that Mr. E. C. Alvord, Special Assistant to the Secretary of the Treasury, Mr. Mitchell B. Carroll, of the Bureau of Internal Revenue, and Professor Thomas S. Adams, of Yale University, will arrive in Paris in the early part of May for exploratory discussions.
8
May 6 (130) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Arrival of American representatives, who are conferring with American business men and will shortly begin informal negotiations with French authorities.
9
May 13 (158) To the Ambassador in France
Tentative draft of double taxation convention (text printed), provisions of which conform to principles of Hawley bill for reduction of international double taxation.
10
May 17 (146) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French proposal for taxation plan said to be satisfactory to American interests; opinion that there is no prospect of agreement based on Hawley bill.
14
June 4 (160) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Treasury from Alvord: Suggestions for two possible offers to French representatives, in response to their demand for reciprocal surtax exemptions.
15
June 4 (161) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Probability that negotiators will have draft agreement ready for submission to Department within a few days.
16
June 5 (117) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Alvord from Treasury: General statement of attitude toward draft agreement; instruction not to sign or even initial any agreement until after return to United States and subsequent study.
16
June 9 (165) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Draft agreement submitted by French experts (text printed); desirability of tentatively closing matter at once in view of present receptive attitude of France; desire for modification of present Treasury instructions.
17
July 3 (207) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Alvord, Treasury, from Carroll: Request for details of official statement reported to have been made by Treasury Department that double taxation agreement has been reached.
22
July 3 (149) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Carroll from Alvord: Treasury press release (text printed), denying reported taxation agreement; statement that Treasury position remains unchanged.
22
July 5 (209) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Disappointment of American business representatives at unyielding attitude of Under Secretary of Treasury Mills, now in Paris, toward signing any agreement with the French at present time.
23
July 18 (222) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Plan for putting treaty into final form but for delaying signature until later date; importance of committing French negotiators promptly in order to hold advantages already gained.
24
July 18 From the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury
Summary of French tax situation; recommendation that Mr. Alvord return to Paris and resume negotiations with French officials at once.
26
July 21 (223) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Belief that it is advisable that Alvord return to Paris and that negotiations proceed.
27
July 21 (166) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Information that Messrs. Alvord and Carroll have been designated to carry on negotiations and authorized to initial resulting document.
28
Aug. 4 (242) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For State and Treasury Departments from Alvord: Refusal by French officials to initial final redraft of agreement although accepted by French experts; suggestion, instead, of report setting forth provisions agreed to, and those not agreed to, for future negotiation whenever both Governments are willing to grant power to sign.
28
Aug. 5 (245) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French willingness to initial a revised draft containing articles 1 to 9 as agreed by the experts, but setting forth, in parallel columns, the divergent positions of the two delegations as to article 10.
29
Aug. 11 (252) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Conference with French Minister of Finance, who concurred in need for reaching an agreement.
31
Aug. 13 (256) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For State and Treasury Departments from Mills and Alvord: Request for authorization to sign proposed agreement which is being telegraphed separately.
31
Aug. 13 (257) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For State and Treasury Departments from Mills and Alvord: Proposed draft of agreement with France (text printed).
32
Aug. 19 (198) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Full power to negotiate and sign a double taxation agreement.
36
Aug. 29 (811) From the Ambassador in France
Conversation with French officials in which September 20 was set as date for beginning official negotiations.
36
Sept. 30 (306) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Report of new delay at first official conference, because of introduction of political considerations, and admission by French officials that agreement could not be finally signed at this time; expectation of Ambassador to confer with Premier Tardieu and Minister of Commerce Flandin.
39
Oct. 15 (934) From the Ambassador in France
Interviews with Flandin and Tardieu, which emphasized French attitude that final settlement of double taxation problem depended on adjustment of tariff question in interest of French producers. Exchange of letters (texts printed), with Tardieu, on eve of Ambassador Edge’s departure for United States, in effort to relieve situation, reviewing French economic problems and containing request by Ambassador for armistice on levying and collecting of taxes on American concerns, and postponement of decision in Boston Blacking Company case, until there has been further opportunity for reaching agreement.
41
Dec. 3 (392) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
For Ambassador Edge: Opinion that while no definite assurance has been received, it appears likely that armistice will be continued until Ambassador’s return.
55
[Page X]

Efforts To Reach an Understanding With France for Reciprocal Recognition of American and French Legislation Regarding Inspection of Vessels

Date and number Subject Page
1930 July 2 (148) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to try to obtain assurances that, in view of proposed reciprocal recognition of American and French vessel inspection legislation, the President Fillmore will not be subjected to certain requirements imposed by French inspectors at Marseilles.
56
July 29 (230) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Receipt of informal assurances that President Fillmore will not be subjected to requirements in question.
56
Aug. 7 (766) From the Ambassador in France
Information concerning French instructions to inspection service at Marseilles which amount to recognition of the principle of reciprocity; French preference, however, not to make general declaration on the subject at present.
56

Permission for American Airplanes To Fly Over and Land in French Colonies in the West Indies and South America

[Page XI]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 Jan. 10 (88) From the Ambassador in France
Information that Embassy is negotiating with French Air Ministry in endeavor to reach satisfactory arrangement for continued flights by Pan American Airways and New York, Rio, and Buenos Aires Lines over French territory and to obtain an expression of opinion regarding the proposed air agreement between the United States and France.
57
Feb. 10 (35) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Information that Ministry of Commerce will shortly confer with Foreign Ministry regarding possibility of some type of temporary permission for American airlines to traverse French territory.
60
Feb. 14 (36) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Report on matters complicating the situation; Air Ministry’s continued efforts to effect temporary arrangement, pending negotiation of a working agreement between American and French companies.
60
Feb. 24 (74) To the Ambassador in France
Letter from New York, Rio, and Buenos Aires Lines (excerpt printed) indicating attitude of Company.
61
May 1 (123) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Receipt of information, informally, from Air Ministry that permission to American airlines to fly over French possessions will be granted May 15 for 3-month period, renewal subject to certain restrictions.
62
May 21 (561) From the Ambassador in France
Note from Foreign Ministry, May 17 (text printed), confirming temporary permission, valid May 15 and renewable quarterly upon request one month in advance.
62
July 1 (223) To the Ambassador in France
Instructions to apply, on or before July 15, for renewal for a 3-month period, of permission granted American airline companies.
63
July 24 To the French Chargé
Authorization for resumption of airplane service between the French steamship Ile de France and U. S. coast, contingent upon the existence at the same time of French permission for U. S. aircraft to operate in and over French territory.
64
Aug. 13 (786) From the Ambassador in France
French prolongation, for two months only, of permits to American airline companies; observation that Air Ministry apparently is not disposed to continue authorization after October 15 unless American companies have begun negotiations for agreement with French company. Request for instructions.
65
Aug. 21 From the President of the Pan American Airways, Inc.
Purchase by the Pan American Airways System of the New York, Rio and Buenos Aires Lines, effective September 15, 1930.
66
Sept. 3 (823) From the Ambassador in France
Note from Foreign Office, August 29 (text printed), extending permits to American companies until November 15, renewal to be dependent upon conclusion of an agreement between American and French companies.
67
Sept. 19 To the Chief of the Foreign Department, Pan American Airways, Inc.
Inquiry as to the Company’s wishes regarding application for further renewal of permissions; also, what the Company’s desires would be in the event of French refusal to renew.
68
Sept. 30 (342) To the Ambassador in France
Instructions to apply, on or before October 15, for a 3-months’ renewal of permit for Pan American Airways, which has informed Department that conversations are proceeding with the French company looking toward an agreement. Instructions also to inform French Government that U. S. Government is still ready to negotiate air agreement.
69
Oct. 21 (953) From the Chargé in France
Advice that Department’s instruction No. 342, September 30, has been carried out. Indication by Air Ministry that the renewal of November 15 (which probably will be granted) may be the final one unless an agreement is reached between the American company and the French company within the additional period.
71
Nov. 17 (375) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Extension of permission for another 3 months.
72
[Page XII]

Suit of Princess Zizianoff Against Consul Donald F. Bigelow, Involving Question of Consular Immunity

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Aug. 1 (265) To the Ambassador in France
Note for Foreign Office (text printed) outlining difficult position of Mr. Bigelow before French courts; belief of this Government that situation is contrary to intent of convention of 1853.
(Note: Information that action against Mr. Bigelow was dismissed by decision of Paris Court of Appeals on March 13, 1933, and decision upheld by Court of Cassation on March 9, 1935.)
72

GERMANY

Increasing Strength of the National Socialist Party

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Sept. 15 (105) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Election results showing increasing strength of Hitler supporters and Communists.
76
Sept. 17 (486) From the Chargé in Germany
Analysis of National Socialist, or Nazi, Party program and type of supporters; threat to republican institutions seen in present trend.
77
Sept. 19 (494) From the Chargé in Germany
Visit of representative to explain aims of Nazi Party; impression that policy is based on opportunism and has no definite program to remedy Germany’s present economic difficulties.
79
Sept. 23 (496) From the Chargé in Germany
Further report on Nazi Party: Indications that Party leaders were unprepared for sudden access of power resulting from recent election; tendency toward moderation and repudiation of former violent and illegal methods.
83
Sept. 25 (505) From the Chargé in Germany
Report on political situation; failure of conservative parties to unite in settlement of questions important in maintaining republican government.
85
Oct. 1 (519) From the Chargé in Germany
Account of testimony given by Hitler concerning aims of Nazi Party, at trial for treason of three Reichswehr officers.
86
Oct. 23 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Conversation with the French Ambassador, who inquired concerning the visit of Dr. Schacht, former Reichsbank President, to the Department, and was informed that the latter’s visit was purely personal and social, and did not concern questions of reparations and moratorium.
89
Oct. 23 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Conversation with the British Ambassador concerning purpose of Dr. Schacht’s visit.
90
Dec. 3 (636) From the Ambassador in Germany
Report on results of local elections, held the past two Sundays, showing widespread gains by the Nazi Party.
90
[Page XIII]

Informal Representations by the German Ambassador With Respect to Disarmament and the Possible Modification of the Pact of Paris

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Nov. 20 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Conversation with the German Ambassador concerning disarmament problem and European hope for American cooperation; expression of U. S. disinterestedness in land disarmament except for reasons of world security.
92
Nov. 20 From the German Embassy
Résumé of verbal communication by German Ambassador, expressing willingness at all times of German Government to join in any action to promote international good will and disarmament; desire to cooperate in suggested extension of Pact of Paris by consultative clause.
94

Loans by American Banks to the German Government

[Page XIV]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 Mar. 22 From the Agent General for Reparation Payments (tel.)
Proposed transaction between American banking firm, Lee, Higginson & Co., and German Government for loan anticipating 125–million-dollar loan from Swedish Match Trust; indication by bankers’ representative that loan is subject to Department’s approval. Opinion that contract should include provisions defining use of credits.
96
Mar. 24 (27) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
For Gilbert, Agent General for Reparation Payments: Understanding of bankers that Department’s approval is not necessary for loan, and that French officials have given approval in principle; inquiry as to whether bankers are mistaken on these points.
98
Mar. 24 (28) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
For Gilbert: Report of British and French desire to participate in proposed loan; opinion that it is not advisable to close American market to foreign requests for capital; request for present views.
98
[Mar. 25?] From the Agent General for Reparation Payments (tel.)
Information requested in Department’s telegrams Nos. 27 and 28, of March 24; reiteration of opposition to loan unless applied to existing debt.
98
Mar. 25 Memorandum by the Office of the Under Secretary of State
Text of brief statement received by telephone from Lee, Higginson & Co., to be used at signing of loan.
100
Mar. 25 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Department’s reasons, as stated in Cabinet meeting, for not opposing loan.
100
Mar. 25 (30) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
For Gilbert: Department’s unwillingness, in view of assurances received from Lee, Higginson on controversial points, to bring further pressure on bankers concerning loan.
101
Mar. 26 Memorandum by the Office of the Under Secretary of State
Announcement of signing of loan contract in Berlin (text printed) received from Lee, Higginson & Co.
101
Mar. 27 From Mr. Thomas W. Lamont of J. P. Morgan & Co.
Financial details of bond issue in connection with loan; expectation that American market will take about one-third of the amount, or approximately 100 million dollars.
102
Mar. 31 From Mr. W. Randolph Burgess, Assistant Federal Reserve Agent of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Exchange of cables (texts printed) with the Governor of the Federal Reserve Bank concerning amount of American participation desirable in bond issue.
103
Apr. 4 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Discussion with financial experts of proposed German loan and recommendation for American participation of not more than one-third.
105
May 21 From J. P. Morgan & Co.
Information concerning terms of international loan; expectation that American share will be approximately 100 milion dollars, and that an equivalent amount will be issued in France.
105
May 22 To J. P. Morgan & Co.
Department’s nonobjection to proposed plan.
106

Agreement Providing for the Discharge of Germany’s War Indebtedness to the United States, Signed June 23, 1930

Date and number Subject Page
1930 June 13 To the Secretary of the Treasury
Opinion that proposed agreement between United States and Germany for settlement of German war indebtedness, if signed by German Ambassador duly authorized, will constitute a valid and internationally binding obligation of the German Government.
(Footnote: Information that Secretary of the Treasury was authorized to sign for United States.)
106
July 1 (124) To the Ambassador in Germany
Press release of June 23, 1930 (text printed), announcing signing of agreement between United States and Germany providing for discharge of German war indebtedness to United States.
107

Admission to the United States of German Student Laborers

[Page XV]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 Mar. 21 From the German Embassy
Request for favorable action to extend visas of German student laborers now in this country through Student Exchange Agreement, and to permit granting of visas to small group of 32 new students.
109
Mar. 24 To the Secretary of Labor
Request for Labor Department’s decision regarding admission of German student laborers referred to in German Embassy’s note of March 21; also whether previous arrangements for admission of 100 students annually will be discontinued entirely, or whether a small number will be admitted annually on individual basis.
111
Mar. 31 From the Second Assistant Secretary of Labor
Advice that order terminating student laborer agreement has been modified to provide for admission of not more than 35 applicants during 12 months beginning April 1, 1930, and that extension of temporary stay will be considered on basis of individual application.
(Footnote: Notation that German Embassy was advised accordingly.)
111
June 28 From the German Embassy
Fear that Labor Department’s decision that no assurance can be given for continuation of student exchange may mean end of institution; request for reconsideration of decision.
112
Sept. 3 To the German Embassy
Advice that competent authorities are unable to determine number of students which may be admitted during year beginning April 1, 1931, in view of unemployment situation in United States.
113
Dec. 4 From the German Embassy
Application addressed to the Department of Labor by the German Students’ Cooperative Association, December 3 (text printed), requesting the admission of 50 students for the year 1931.
113
1931 Jan. 5 To the German Embassy
Information that German Students’ Cooperative Association has been advised by appropriate authorities that no action can be taken with regard to the admission of additional students until just previous to April 1, 1931, when existing arrangement expires.
115

Reciprocal Treatment To Be Accorded by the United States and Germany to Consular Staffs in the Payment of Import Duties and Other Taxes

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Jan. 8 (St. D. 2) From the German Ambassador
Request for opinion whether the United States would agree to the classification of the middle group of the German consular service as “consular officers”, subject to the reciprocal tax exemption under article 27 of the U. S.-German commercial treaty of December 8, 1923.
116
Mar. 27 (121) From the Ambassador in Germany
Foreign Office note verbale of March 21 (text printed) acknowledging American note of January 2, which stated that German consular officers and clerks in United States enjoyed free importation privileges, and outlining matters still to be agreed on in interpretation of article 27.
(Footnote: Information that U. S. State and Treasury Departments could reach no agreement as to arrangement to be proposed to Germany, and negotiations between the two Governments were discontinued.)
118
[Page XVI]

Extradition Treaty Between the United States and Germany, Signed July 12, 1930

Date and number Subject Page
1928 Dec. 1 (2604) To the Chargé in Germany
U. S. willingness to expedite long pending negotiations for conclusion of extradition treaty by sending representative to Berlin for oral discussions whenever German Government indicates readiness to begin.
120
1929 May 14 (33) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Desire for postponement of discussions until end of June, because of delay in arrival of American representative.
121
May 16 (89) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Agreement of German Government to requested postponement.
122
1930 Jan. 20 (3377) To the Ambassador in Germany
Instructions to submit to Foreign Office draft treaty based on agreement reached at Berlin conferences, with a view to prompt conclusion of treaty.
122
July 8 (79) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Foreign Office suggestion for expediting signature of treaty by having written powers witnessed by German Ambassador in Washington and confirmation cabled by him.
123
July 10 (68) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Information that full powers were shown German Embassy for cable confirmation; instructions to proceed to signature.
123
July 12 Treaty Between the United States of America and Germany
Text of extradition treaty signed at Berlin.
123

Expulsion From Germany of Jack Diamond

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Sept. 2 (458) From the Ambassador in Germany
Facts regarding arrest of Jack Diamond (American wanted by New York police) by German authorities at suggestion of American Embassy; explanation that request was made on ground that Diamond could be regarded as undesirable alien, and that no request for extradition was made, since German-American extradition treaty has not yet been ratified.
129
Sept. 8 From the Consul at Bremen (tel.)
Information that Diamond sailed for United States from Hamburg on September 6, and was held in police custody before sailing.
132
Sept. 18 (184) To the Chargé in Germany
Department’s desire that no requests of the nature made in this case should be presented except under Department’s instructions.
132
[Page XVII]

GREAT BRITAIN

Supplementary Treaty on Tenure and Disposition of Real and Personal Property Between the United States, Great Britain, Australia, and New Zealand

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Mar. 25 (761) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Foreign Office note of March 24 (text printed) listing British Colonies and Protectorates which have not adhered to the convention between the United Kingdom and the United States, March 2, 1899, for the disposal of real and personal property.
134
Oct. 6 (520) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Instructions to ascertain whether British Government intends to adhere to convention on behalf of any of the Colonies and Protectorates listed in note of March 24, 1930.
135
1931 Jan. 26 (1594) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Foreign office note of January 23, 1931 (text printed), concurring in Ambassador’s suggestion of supplementary convention, and suggesting insertion of provisions regarding right of application to British colonies and territories without time limit.
136
Mar. 3 (694) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Instructions to advise British Government of U. S. agreement to application of convention to non-adhering British dependencies, and to additional proposals.
138
Mar. 13 (1752) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Note to Foreign Office dated March 13 (text printed) in accordance with Department’s instruction No. 694, of March 3.
(Note: Information that supplementary treaty on tenure and disposition of real and personal property was concluded on May 27, 1936.)
139

Refusal of the British Government To Exempt American Consular Officers From Income Tax on Nonofficial Income Derived From Sources Outside the United Kingdom

[Page XVIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 Jan. 28 (610) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Request for instructions whether American Consul at Bristol should be advised to complete income tax form on income other than official emoluments, which has been requested by local tax officials.
141
Feb. 19 (40) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to advise Foreign Office of U. S. tax regulations granting tax exemption to foreign consular officers on income derived outside United States, and to request reciprocal exemption.
142
May 10 (97) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Office reply (excerpt printed) refusing requested exemption to American consular officers.
142
Aug. 1 (458) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Instructions to bring to attention of British Government U. S. regulations governing classification of consular officers for taxation purposes, and possibility of request for change in classification of British consular officers in event of denial of tax relief to American consular officers,
143
Oct. 22 (1317) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Letter to Foreign Office of August 25 (text printed) regarding treatment of consular officers in matter of income tax; Foreign Office reply of October 20 (text printed), stating that there appears no possibility, for certain specified reasons, of meeting the wishes of the United States.
(Note: Treasury Department’s decision of December 27, 1930, to adhere to policy of treating British consular officers as non-resident aliens and taxing private income only if derived within the United States.)
144

Convention Between the United States and Great Britain and Exchange of Notes Regarding the Boundary Between the Philippine Archipelago and the State of North Borneo, Signed January 2, 1930

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Jan. 2 Convention Between the United States of America and Great Britain
Text of convention signed at Washington.
147
Jan. 2 (679) From the British Ambassador
Terms of arrangement supplementary to boundary convention, to provide for continued administration by British North Borneo Company of certain islands recognized as pertaining to the United States.
150
Jan. 2 To the British Ambassador
U. S. adherence to terms of supplementary arrangement.
153

Proposed Revision, With Respect to Zanzibar, of the Treaty of Amity and Commerce Between the United States and Muscat (Oman), Signed September 21, 1833

Date and number Subject Page
1929 Jan. 31 (52) From the British Ambassador
Request for favorable consideration by United States of revision of articles 2, 3, and 9 of the treaty of 1833 between United States and Muscat, which conflict with the proper administration of Zanzibar as a British Protectorate.
155
Feb. 25 To the British Ambassador
Acknowledgment of note of January 31, and promise of sympathetic consideration of proposals made therein.
159
1930 June 27 (8) From the Consul at Nairobi
Opinion that British proposals to revise obsolete clauses of Muscat treaty will not hamper American consular rights or discriminate unduly against American trade with Zanzibar.
160
July 31 Memorandum by Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with British Ambassador in which he stated belief that British Government would not be interested in negotiating a consular convention with United States; unlikelihood of American action in Zanzibar case in event of British nonaction on consular convention.
160
[Page XIX]

Inquiry Regarding Alleged Opposition to American Investments in India

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Jan. 9 (9) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to ascertain from British authorities facts regarding Indian Government’s opposition to American investments in India and action contemplated by Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation to retain control of company in hands of British subjects.
161
Jan. 11 (16) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Probability of adoption by Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation of proposal to restrict holdings of foreign shareholders to maximum of 20 percent; statement by chairman that Bengal Government consider British or Indian control of company essential.
162
Mar. 3 From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the American Ambassador in Great Britain
Assurance that Bengal Government’s action in wishing to retain control of Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation in British or Indian hands was entirely to protect vital public utility and involved no discrimination against American investments.
163
Apr. 9 To the Consul General at Calcutta
Instructions to investigate discreetly and report on several questions regarding legal and actual powers of Bengal Government and attitude of Government of India toward investment of American capital.
(Footnote: No despatch in reply found in Department files.)
164

GREECE

Treaties of Arbitration and Conciliation Between the United States and Greece, Signed June 19, 1930

Date and number Subject Page
1928 Apr. 23 To the Greek Minister
Submittal of draft treaties of arbitration and conciliation as basis for negotiations.
166
1930 June 6 To the Greek Minister
Acknowledgment of information that Greek Government is ready to conclude treaty of arbitration and treaty of conciliation.
167
June 19 Treaty Between the United States of America and Greece
Text of arbitration treaty signed at Washington.
168
June 19 Treaty Between the United States of America and Greece
Text of conciliation treaty signed at Washington.
170
[Page XX]

GUATEMALA

Revolution in Guatemala

[Page XXI][Page XXII][Page XXIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 Dec. 12 (95) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Illness of President Lazaro Chacon, who has been declared incapacitated by physicians; Cabinet decision, to be submitted for approval of Legislative Assembly, to name Second Designate Baudilio Palma as Acting President; seriousness of political situation.
172
Dec. 12 (96) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Threats against life of General Ubico, and granting of asylum to him in Legation in order to avoid bloodshed and disorder.
172
Dec. 13 (98) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Indication that new Government is doubtful of loyalty of Army.
173
Dec. 13 (99) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Departure of General Ubico from Legation upon assurance of protection by Provisional President.
173
Dec. 13 (73) To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Desire of Department that Ubico not be given shelter in Legation beyond the period of emergency.
174
Dec. 13 (101) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Receipt of official notice of appointment by Legislative Assembly of Baudilio Palma as Provisional President.
174
Dec. 13 (102) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Opinion that new Government seems to have control of the situation.
174
Dec. 13 From the Secretary to the President
Communication of December 12 (text printed) to the President of the United States from Baudilio Palma regarding his assumption of office as Provisional President of Guatemala.
175
Dec. 15 From President Hoover to the Acting President of Guatemala (tel.)
Acknowledgment of communication of December 12.
175
Dec. 15 (103) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Opinion that new Government appears to be legal continuation of former Government.
175
Undated [Rec’d. Dec. 15] From General Jorge Ubico (tel.)
Expression of gratitude for protection granted him.
176
Dec. 16 (104) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Report of outbreak of revolution about 4 p.m., December 16, believed to be revolt of Army against Government.
176
Dec. 16 (105) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Request for dispatch of U. S. warship to San José or Puerto Barrios, in view of seriousness of situation.
176
Dec. 17 (74) To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Request for report on American interests requiring protection; inquiry as to whether Foreign Service Inspector Edwin C. Wilson has arrived.
177
Dec. 17 (106) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Temporary cancellation of request for warship because of armistice between Government and revolutionists; information that revolutionary forces are in control and Provisional President has submitted his resignation to the Assembly; advice that Mr. Edwin C. Wilson is expected to arrive that night.
177
Dec. 17 (109) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Acceptance by Congress of Palma’s resignation and appointment of General Orellana, head of revolutionary movement, as Provisional President, which appointment is contrary to the Constitution and the 1923 treaties.
177
Dec. 17 (110) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Details of revolution, and armistice leading up to resignation of Palma and appointment of Orellana; observation that Department will not wish to grant recognition to a government established by violence.
178
Dec. 18 (111) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
From Wilson: Report on political situation; opinion that present Government, through desire for recognition, might be induced to work out plan for election of constitutionally qualified President.
180
Dec. 18 (103) From the Guatemalan Minister
Notification of appointment by the Legislative Assembly of General Orellana as Acting President of Guatemala.
181
Dec. 19 (114) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Four-point declaration by General Orellana’s representatives of reasons for overthrow of Government; Government’s reply to points mentioned. Belief that Palma government was constitutional.
181
Dec. 20 (117) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
President Chacon’s request for visas for himself and family, and presentation of diplomatic passport issued on this date by the present government; request for instructions.
182
Dec. 20 (76) To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to inform present government orally and informally, without making public statement, of Department’s policy of upholding 1923 treaties in recognizing new governments in Central American Republics; desire to have Minister study situation and report on possibility of restoration of constitutional government.
182
Dec. 20 (31) To the Minister in El Salvador (tel.)
Instructions to make known informally to Government officials and political leaders, U. S. policy of support of 1923 treaties in recognition of new Central American governments.
(Footnote: The same to the diplomatic missions in Costa Rica, Honduras, and Nicaragua.)
183
Dec. 22 (77) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions regarding conditions under which diplomatic visas may be granted President Chacon and family; request for telegraphic report on final action.
184
Dec. 22 (120) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Information that Department’s policy of non-recognition under 1923 treaty has been announced to officials of Orellana government.
184
Dec. 23 (130) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Intention of Honduran Government to conform to U. S. policy regarding recognition of Guatemalan government.
185
Dec. 23 (121) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Agreement among various officials on plan for returning to constitutional regime, provided General Orellana will agree to be eliminated.
186
Dec. 24 (124) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Meeting with General Orellana in which Department’s decision not to recognize his government was made clear.
186
Dec. 24 (78) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Information that Department’s attitude was fully explained to Guatemalan Minister, who agreed to make suggestion to Guatemalan authorities of plan to restore constitutional regime.
187
Dec. 26 (125) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Agreement by General Orellana to plan for restoring constitutional regime.
188
Dec. 27 (126) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Information that Congress will meet December 30 to elect new Provisional President; request for instructions regarding recognition.
188
Dec. 27 (79) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Request for information regarding resignation of second and third designados.
189
Dec. 28 (127) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Information requested in Department’s telegram No. 79, of December 27.
189
Dec. 28 (128) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Four recommendations made to General Orellana as of importance in securing constitutional government; request for Department’s views, especially regarding point 2, that no one involved in recent events should be a member of the Provisional Government.
189
Dec. 29 (129) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Resignation of President Chacon; uncertainty of political situation; suggestion that presence of warship at San José would be helpful in preventing disorders.
190
Dec. 29 (80) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Department’s concurrence in four points set forth in telegram No. 128, of December 28, especially second point; permission to inform General Orellana of Department’s attitude.
190
Dec. 29 (81) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to keep Department informed of developments in election of Provisional President, but not to extend recognition until instructed to do so.
191
Dec. 30 (131) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Postponement until following day of Assembly meeting to consider resignation of Baudilio Palma as Second Vice President; report of several arrests said to be preventive measure until after meeting of Assembly.
191
Dec. 30 (82) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Inadvisability of dispatching warship to Guatemala at this time; request for telegraphic report of American citizens and American interests which may be endangered.
191
Dec. 30 (132) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Estimate of number of American citizens and list of principal American interests in Guatemala.
192
Dec. 31 (134) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Meeting of Assembly at which resignations of Chacon and Palma were accepted and Reina Andrade was elected First Vice President; information that Andrade will assume Provisional Presidency on January 2, 1931.
192

Inability of the Government of the United States To Undertake To Extend Direct Assistance to the Government of Guatemala To Obtain a Loan

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Feb. 5 (2753) From the Chargé in Guatemala
Request by President Chacon for U. S. assistance in obtaining loan for funding of certain debts.
193
Feb. 20 (1234) To the Chargé in Guatemala
Instructions to inform President Chacon of Department’s inability to extend direct assistance in matters of this kind.
196

HAITI

The President’s Commission for the Study and Review of Conditions in the Republic of Haiti

[Page XXIV][Page XXV][Page XXVI][Page XXVII][Page XXVIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 Feb. 28 (27) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Arrival in Haiti of members of President’s Commission.
198
Mar. 7 (1) From the Chairman of the President’s Commission for the Study and Review of Conditions in the Republic of Haiti to President Hoover (tel.)
Plan to satisfy demand for return of representative government by election of compromise candidate as President until duly elected body can be convened and a new President elected.
198
[Mar. 8] From President Hoover to the Chairman of the President’s Commission (tel.)
Concurrence in suggested plan.
200
Mar. 9 Press Release Issued by the President’s Commission
Announcement of the plan to restore representative government and of its approval by President Hoover and both of the Haitian sides.
200
[Mar. 10] (3) From the Chairman of the President’s Commission to President Hoover (tel.)
Visit of Commission into the interior; concern among the Opposition over telegram from President Borno to prefects containing misleading statements.
200
Mar. 10 From the President of Haiti to the High Commissioner in Haiti
Approval of compromise plan only on formal condition that its execution will be in conformity with Constitution of Haiti and treaty of 1915.
201
Mar. 12 (31) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Résumé of President Borno’s letter of March 10; opinion that proposed plan should strictly observe provisions of Constitution of Haiti and treaty of 1915, and that President Borno’s prestige should be preserved to the end of his term.
202
[Mar. 12] (5) From the Chairman of the President’s Commission to President Hoover (tel.)
Conflicting interpretations over phrase in the proposed agreement regarding the time, under Constitution, when legislative elections may be called; request for assurance of U. S. recognition of President if elected earlier than January 1932.
203
Mar. 13 (2) To the Chairman of the President’s Commission (tel.)
Probability of recognition of new President, but unwillingness to make secret promise binding U. S. Government; instructions to examine constitutional questions involved and suggest a solution.
203
[Mar. 14] (7) From the Chairman of the President’s Commission to President Hoover and the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Opposition’s claim that President Borno violated Constitution by not calling elections, and their support of compromise plan as way of securing elections before 1932; desire to know whether U. S. Government will insist on 1932 elections, which will mean jeopardizing compromise plan.
204
[Mar. 14] (8) From the Chairman of the President’s Commission to President Hoover and the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Progress of negotiations under compromise plan; belief that matters can soon be settled on receipt of favorable reply to telegram No. 7 of March 14.
205
Mar. 14 (3) To the Chairman of the President’s Commission (tel.)
Department’s attitude regarding Constitutional provisions for holding elections; advice that Department neither objects to holding of early elections nor insists on it.
206
[Mar. 15] (9) From the Chairman of the President’s Commission (tel.)
Hope of Commission, all matters having been settled, to get necessary documents signed March 15 and to leave Haiti March 16.
207
Mar. 15 (5) To the Chairman of the President’s Commission (tel.)
Instructions to telegraph text of document signed, for Department’s comment, before sailing, to avoid possibility of future dispute over meaning.
207
[Mar. 15] (11) From the Chairman of the President’s Commission (tel.)
Reasons for Commission’s belief that its work has been completed satisfactorily and that a longer stay would not be helpful.
(Footnote: Department’s indication to Commission by telegram of March 17 that it perceived no objection to their returning at once.)
207
Mar. 15 From the Chairman of the President’s Commission (tel.)
Texts of the four documents signed at Port-au-Prince.
208
Mar. 16 From the Chairman of the President’s Commission (tel.)
Statement to the press, March 15 (text printed), announcing the putting into effect of the plan set forth in press release of March 9.
211
Mar. 20 (36) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Report of situation provoked by radical members of Opposition through issuance of invitations to a meeting to elect a Provisional President, instead of a candidate for the Presidency; efforts to adjust the difficulty.
211
Mar. 20 (38) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Selection by the Opposition groups of Eugene Roy as candidate for Presidency, in accordance with Hoover plan.
212
Mar. 21 (40) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Newspaper account of Opposition meeting and letter from Mr. Vilaire, president of assembly of delegates of arrondissements, referring to election of Eugene Roy as temporary President; request for authorization to reply to Mr. Vilaire’s letter that U. S. Government only recognizes Roy as candidate of Federated Patriotic Groups, his name to be submitted to Council of State to be voted on, on April 14.
213
Mar. 21 (41) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Note from Foreign Minister (excerpts printed) protesting violation of Hoover plan by Opposition, and stating Haitian Government considers itself relieved of its obligations under plan.
214
Mar. 22 (30) To the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions for replying to letters referred to in telegrams Nos. 40 and 41 of March 21, indicating U. S. Government’s expectation that compromise plan will be carried out as accepted by both sides.
215
Mar. 25 (45) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Assurance by President Borno of his desire to see plan carried out, and belief that Mr. Roy will be elected by Council of State, provided he makes no statement which will obligate him to violate the Constitution.
216
Mar. 26 Report of the President’s Commission for the Study and Review of Conditions in the Republic of Haiti
Review of conditions in Haiti under the American Occupation and recommendations for gradual Haitianization program.
217
Mar. 28 (46) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Assertion by President Borno that Council of State will not elect Mr. Roy without a declaration by him that he will not call legislative elections until January 1932.
238
Mar. 29 (35) To the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to inform President Borno that U. S. Government expects him to carry out commitments made by him to support plan.
239
Mar. 31 (50) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Information that President Borno was informed of contents of Department’s telegram No. 35, of March 29, and that he intends to urge the Council of State to elect Mr. Roy.
240
Apr. 1 (38) To the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions that normal administration of Government and Treaty Services should be maintained pending further instructions regarding execution of the recommendations of the President’s Commission.
241
Apr. 2 (51) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that situation at present is not serious; also that High Commissioner is hopeful that Roy will be elected on April 14 without difficulty.
241
Apr. 4 (53) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Feeling that Roy now has a majority in the Council of State, whose members have been informed that Roy’s administration is expected to be a coalition one.
242
Apr. 8 (41) To the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Request for suggestions from the head of each treaty service for program to be put into effect upon inauguration of permanent President; approval of recommendation that no changes except minor ones be made until then.
242
Apr. 9 (57) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Rumors that Roy will not be elected by Council of State; request for Department’s views in event of election of a President other than Roy.
243
Apr. 9 (58) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel).
Report of meeting of 16 members of Council of State in secret session, at which suggestion to adopt plan of President’s Commission and elect Roy was vigorously opposed.
244
Apr. 10 (42) To the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Hope that President Borno will be able to carry out plan, as U. S. Government will not recognize a temporary President elected in violation of the agreement.
244
Apr. 11 (60) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Hope that present attitude of Council of State against Roy can be changed before April 14.
245
Apr. 11 (43) To the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Determination of U. S. Government to have Roy installed as temporary President under agreement and to disregard any action of Council of State in violation thereof.
245
Apr. 12 (61) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Indications that Council of State is still opposed to Roy; intention to urge President Borno to adjourn Council and dismiss certain members, replacing them by men who would vote for Roy.
246
Apr. 12 (63) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Belief of Borno that it would be impossible to find suitable men to replace those dismissed, by April 14, and that Council would have to be adjourned until later date, thus postponing election.
246
Apr. 13 (64) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Decision by President Borno and Cabinet to adjourn Council of State for 8 days, during which time steps will be taken by Borno to assure election of Roy on April 21.
247
Apr. 14 (46) To the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Approval of action reported in telegram No. 64, April 13.
248
Apr. 14 (66) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Assurance by President Borno that Roy will be elected.
248
Apr. 15 (67) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Plan of President Borno to secure signatures of members of Council of State on a declaration supporting Roy, and to remove certain members if unable to secure sufficient number of signatures.
249
Apr. 16 (70) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Two decrees issued by President Borno placing 12 new men on Council of State, and reconvening Council on April 19.
249
Apr. 21 (73) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Unanimous election of Eugene Roy as President.
249
Apr. 22 (48) To the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Message of appreciation to President Borno (text printed).
250
May 7 (1702) From the High Commissioner in Haiti
Letter from President Borno, May 6 (text printed), expressing appreciation of U. S. assistance to Haiti.
250
May 9 (84) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Conference with President-elect Roy, who desired to know U. S. attitude on certain matters relating to Haitian affairs.
251
May 15 (86) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Inauguration of Roy as President; membership of new Cabinet.
251
May 23 (90) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Departure of ex-President Borno for Europe.
252
June 4 (95) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Announcement by President Roy that Council of State will be maintained until reconstitution of legislature in October.
252
June 27 (67) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to inform President Roy and his Cabinet that U. S. Government feels there should be no changes in organization or operation of Treaty Services under the temporary Government.
252
July 1 (72) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Information regarding leave of absence granted General Russell and the Financial Adviser; information that new U. S. Minister will take charge of Legation on inauguration of the new President and that General Russell will return to United States.
253
July 11 (141) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Publication of Presidential decree calling for legislative elections on October 14.
253
July 11 (79) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to advise President Roy that proposed Constitutional amendment should not be undertaken by the temporary Government.
253
July 12 (146) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Acquiescence of Roy in Department’s attitude regarding proposed amendment.
254
Oct. 16 (220) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Indications from incomplete election returns of victory of radical Cartelistes group.
254
Nov. 8 (226) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Plans for organization of legislature on November 10.
254
Nov. 17 (235) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Meeting of National Assembly and resignation of President Roy.
255
Nov. 18 (237) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Election of Stenio Vincent as President of Haiti.
255

Assumption by the Minister in Haiti of Functions Previously Exercised by the American High Commissioner

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Oct. 18 To the Appointed Minister in Haiti
Instructions regarding duties to be assumed, which were formerly exercised by the American High Commissioner under the treaty of 1915.
255
[Page XXIX]

Negotiations Between the United States and Haiti for the Haitianization of the treaty services

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Dec. 5 (14) From the Minister in Haiti
Plan prepared by Haitian Government for immediate Haitianization of the Treaty Services (text printed); Minister’s intention to discuss problem with Treaty Officials before discussing matter further with Haitian Government.
261
Dec. 22 (21) From the Minister in Haiti
Summary of Haitianization plans now being worked on by the Treaty Services and tentative suggestions for carrying out recommendations of President’s Commission; letter of December 20 to Foreign Minister (text printed) outlining present tentative plans of the Treaty Services.
266
1931 Jan. 2 (36) From the Minister in Haiti
Letter of December 30 from Foreign Minister (text printed) accepting plan set forth in American Minister’s letter of December 20 as basis for further negotiations; indication that a special accord between the two Governments in regard to the Financial Service may be necessary; request for Department’s views on American control of internal revenue.
276

HEJAZ AND NEJD

Disinclination of the United States To Enter Into Diplomatic Relations With the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd

Date and number Subject Page
1928 Sept. 29 (57/1/1) From the Acting Director for Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd
Desire of the Government of the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd and its Dependencies for formal recognition by the United States.
281
1929 Jan. 7 (24) To the Minister in Egypt
Instructions to convey to the Hedjazian Agent orally and informally that the United States is not now prepared to consider the question of recognition but that at an appropriate time the question will receive sympathetic consideration.
281
Feb. 19 (143) From the Minister in Egypt
Information that Department’s instructions of January 7 have been complied with.
282
1930 Feb. 28 (100) To the Minister in Egypt
Possibility, because of recent events, of favorable consideration of request for recognition by Hejaz Government; request for information regarding American commercial interests in the Hejaz.
283
[Page XXX]

ICELAND

Arbitration Treaty Between the United States and Iceland, Signed May 15, 1930

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Apr. 12 (34) From the Danish Minister
Readiness of Government of Iceland to conclude with United States a treaty of arbitration similar to Danish-American treaty of 1928, with certain minor alterations.
286
Apr. 29 To the Danish Minister
Transmittal of draft treaty of arbitration, embodying proposed alterations.
287
May 8 (44) From the Danish Minister
Information that draft treaty is satisfactory with one slight change in wording; readiness, if there is no objection to change mentioned, to sign treaty at any time.
288
May 15 Treaty Between the United States of America and Iceland
Text of treaty signed at Washington.
289

IRAQ

Convention Between the United States, Great Britain, and Iraq Regarding the Rights of the United States and of Its Nationals in Iraq, Signed January 9, 1930

[Page XXXI]
Date and number Subject Page
1929 Feb. 20 (3388) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Foreign Office note of February 18 (text printed) regarding delay in signing of proposed tripartite convention between United States, Great Britain, and Iraq, because of resignation of Iraqi Cabinet and fact that acting Ministers do not feel that they possess authority to conclude treaties with foreign powers.
291
Feb. 28 (848) From the Consul at Baghdad
Visit of official from Iraq Foreign Ministry, who stated that draft treaty had been received and was acceptable to the Iraq Government, and gave explanation for the delay in signing.
293
May 6 (875) From the Consul at Baghdad
Opinion, based on informal conversation with new Prime Minister, that provisions of draft treaty regarding capitulations are no longer agreeable to Iraq Government.
294
June 21 (151) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Request for telegraphic report on present status of tripartite treaty negotiations.
294
June 22 (165) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Office report that no reply has yet been received to inquiry sent to Baghdad in matter some weeks ago.
294
July 26 (101) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Transmittal of draft convention, with annexes; Foreign Office note of July 25 (text printed) explaining Iraq desire for exchange of notes with United States in connection with article 2 of protocol.
295
Aug. 15 (158) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Foreign Office note of August 14 (text printed) requesting slight alteration in wording of article 4 of protocol.
297
Aug. 24 (945) From the Consul at Baghdad
Transmittal of communication from the High Commissioner for Iraq concerning manner in which different foreign Consuls in Baghdad should address Iraq Government.
298
Sept. 26 (259) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Approval of alterations proposed in despatches No. 101, July 26, and No. 158, August 15; request for submission of draft communication from Iraq Government regarding article 2 of protocol, to be approved by Department before forwarding of full powers.
299
Oct. 19 (277) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Bequest to be informed if there is likelihood of delay in receipt of Iraqi communication requested in telegram No. 259, of September 26.
299
Oct. 21 (302) From the Counselor of Embassy in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Office assurance that reply is expected from Baghdad soon in matter of draft communication.
300
Nov. 22 (338) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Office note (excerpt printed) transmitting draft communication from Iraq Government and requesting draft of proposed reply, so that documents may be prepared for signature.
300
Nov. 27 (317) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Approval of note from Iraq Government; instructions for reply.
301
Dec. 24 (389) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Office suggestion to proceed to signatures week of January 6.
301
1930 Jan. 8 (7) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Intention to proceed with signing documents on January 9 unless instructed otherwise.
301
Jan. 9 Convention and Protocol Between the United States of America, Great Britain, and Iraq
Texts of convention, protocol, and exchanges of notes signed at London.
302

Good Offices to American Firms Interested in Entering the Iraq Oil Fields

[Page XXXII]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 Mar. 7 To the Consul at Baghdad
Instructions to extend good offices to any bona fide American company seeking to enter Iraq field, under provisions of agreement between Iraq Government and Iraq Petroleum Co.
309
Aug. 1 (454) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Request for report on progress and outcome of negotiations regarding revision of agreement between Iraq Government and Iraq Petroleum Co.; also any available information concerning reported negotiations of British Oil Development Co. with Iraq Government.
311
Aug. 23 (196) From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Understanding that proposals have been made for modification of petroleum convention, terms to be presented to interested American oil group for consideration.
(Footnote: Information that two agreements amending Turkish Petroleum Co.’s concession were signed March 24, 1931, and ratified by Iraq Government May 18, 1931.
311

ITALY

Denial by the Secretary of State of Reports That the United States Government, as a Means of Bringing Pressure for Disarmament, Was Disapproving Loans to Italy

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Dec. 6 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Italian Ambassador’s desire that the Secretary make a statement at his press conference denying newspaper rumors that Department has disapproved American loans to Italy.
312
Dec. 8 (108) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Minister Grandi of Secretary’s denial of the press reports in question.
312
Dec. 20 (295) To the Ambassador in Italy
Advice from Italian Ambassador that denial had received wide publicity and was satisfactory.
313
1931 Jan. 2 (303) To the Ambassador in Italy
Memorandum of conversation with Italian Ambassador on December 15, 1930 (text printed), in which he read telegram of thanks from Foreign Minister Grandi for Secretary’s action in recent press campaign against Italy.
314

JAPAN

The Exclusion Clause of the American Immigration Act of May 26, 1924

[Page XXXIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 Oct. 30 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Conversation with Japanese Ambassador, who expressed the desire to take up question of immigration, unofficially and confidentially, with Assistant Secretary of State Castle; nonobjection of Secretary.
315
Nov. 4 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State of a Conversation With the Japanese Ambassador
Belief of Japanese Ambassador that present time is favorable for change in immigration law; Assistant Secretary Castle’s advice that too hasty action, resulting in reaffirmation of exclusion, would make situation worse.
315
Nov. 28 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State of a Conversation With the Japanese Ambassador
Further suggestions by Japanese Ambassador to secure Congressional action on Japanese exclusion clause; opinion of Assistant Secretary that authorities might doubt wisdom of introducing issue at this time.
316

LATVIA

Treaties of Arbitration and Conciliation Between the United States and Latvia, Signed January 14, 1930

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Jan. 14 Treaty Between the United States of America and Latvia
Text of arbitration treaty signed at Riga.
318
Jan. 14 Treaty Between the United States of America and Latvia
Text of conciliation treaty signed at Riga.
320

Representations Against the Application of a Residence or Sojourn Tax on American Citizens in Latvia

[Page XXXIV]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 May 10 (6960) From the Chargé in Latvia
Advice from Foreign Office that Ministry of Interior has agreed orally to abolition of sojourn tax on American citizens in Latvia and expectation that formal notice may be given to that effect in a few days.
322
Oct. 23 (7309) From the Minister in Latvia
Information that notice has been received of regulation effective November 1, 1930, providing for registration fee of 2 lats a year for American citizens residing in Latvia; comment that this fee is a form of sojourn tax, and request for instructions in replying to Latvian Government.
323
Oct. 28 (772) To the Minister in Latvia
Inquiry as to whether formal assurance of abolition of sojourn tax was received.
324
1931 July 9 (7864) From the Minister in Latvia
Note to the Foreign Office, May 22 (text printed), requesting exemption from registration fee, as a form of sojourn tax, for American nationals; memorandum of conversation with Foreign Office official, July 6 (text printed), in which the latter stated that complete exemption from sojourn tax could not be granted but arrangements would be made to make fee for American nationals same as that for British nationals, thus according most-favored-nation treatment.
325
Nov. 17 (882) To the Chargé in Latvia
Opinion that American nationals in Latvia are entitled to most-favored-nation treatment, which appears to be that accorded Estonia, but in view of small fee and willingness to charge American citizens same as British, Department will not pursue matter at this time.
327
Dec. 15 (8322) From the Chargé in Latvia
Information that British subjects in Latvia are now paying sojourn fee of 2 lats per year, which is amount of registration fee for Americans.
328

LIBERIA

Denial of Reports Regarding Possibility of Intervention in Liberia by the United States or Other Powers

[Page XXXV]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 June 4 (75) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Informal assurances to President King of American friendship and good offices in present crisis in Liberian affairs.
329
June 7 (77) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Note dated June 4 from Secretary of State Barclay inquiring whether Chargé’s informal remarks to President King on June 3 indicate change in traditional U. S. policy, and reply (substance printed) that historic U. S. attitude toward Liberia continues unchanged.
329
June 9 (58) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
National City Bank request for text of Liberian State Department communication of June 4; instructions to cable full text.
330
June 10 (81) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Text of Liberian note of June 4; comment that matter has been satisfactorily settled in interviews with President and Barclay and that, it would not appear advisable to transmit correspondence to National City Bank.
331
June 11 (82) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Memorandum to Secretary Barclay (text printed) giving substance of original reply to his note of June 4, which, through inadvertence, had not been sent.
332
June 12 (60) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Conversation with Liberian Consul General regarding Liberian note of June 4, and assurance that there has been no change in traditional U. S. policy toward Liberia.
333
June 25 (88) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Report of circulation in Monrovia of forged documents criticizing Liberian Government and described as official correspondence between American Legation and Department of State; understanding that Liberian Government has documents and believes them to be genuine.
333
June 27 (89) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Reply to Barclay, upon his inquiry, that documents are forgeries, and inquiry as to steps being taken to ascertain their source.
334
July 1 (91) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Desire of Barclay to publish Legation’s note stating that documents are forgeries; request for instructions.
334
July 2 (65) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Authorization to consent to publication of note declaring documents forgeries.
334
July 14 (97) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Report that documents have been shown by Liberian representative at Geneva; publication by Barclay of Legation’s denial of authenticity of documents.
335
July 23 From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
Report of incident in which document shown by Liberian representative to Secretary General of League of Nations was declared by the latter to be undoubtedly a forgery.
335

Investigation of Forced Labor Conditions in Liberia by an International Commission; Opposition to Proposed Reforms; Resignation of President King

[Page XXXVI][Page XXXVII][Page XXXVIII][Page XXXIX][Page XL][Page XLI][Page XLII][Page XLIII][Page XLIV]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 Jan. 9 (1) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Request for information from Liberian Government concerning appointment of Liberian member of International Commission, date of meeting, and other information, to be furnished by end of week.
336
Jan. 14 (6) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that Commission will consist of ex-President Barclay, Dr. Johnson, and Dr. Meek, and will meet in” Monrovia about March 1; suggestion that American member provide own secretary.
336
Jan. 18 (5) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information concerning travel arrangements of Dr. Johnson who is bringing his own secretary.
337
Jan. 23 (7) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Desire for formal announcement of appointment of Commission members by Liberian Government before January 29.
337
Jan. 29 (10) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Resignation of Dr. Meek, League appointee.
338
Jan. 30 (17) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Opinion that even appointment by League of a less prominent investigator, if done at once, would be preferable to danger of further postponement.
338
Feb. 4 (9) To the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.)
Considerations involved in appointment of substitute, to be brought to attention of Secretary General of League; Department’s desire that full Commission be ready to begin duties by March 10, under existing terms of reference.
339
Feb. 6 (19) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that Liberian Government has asked League to name successor to Meek.
340
Feb. 12 (19) From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.)
Appointment of Dr. Cuthbert Christy as League member on Liberian Commission; League’s refusal of Liberian representative’s request that name be submitted to Monrovia for approval; biographical data on Dr. Christy.
340
Feb. 14 (14) To the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.)
Department’s gratification at appointment of Dr. Christy.
341
Feb. 14 (18) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Hope that Liberian Government will not attempt to delay appointment of Dr. Christy by invoking precedent of U. S. procedure in Dr. Johnson’s appointment.
342
Feb. 19 (21) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Expectation that Dr. Christy will arrive in Monrovia on March 20.
342
Feb. 20 (25) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that Dr. Christy has been accepted by Liberian Government.
342
Mar. 27 (41) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Difference of opinion with President King over initial procedure of Commission; belief that President Thing’s suggestion was an attempt to narrow the scope of the Commission’s activities.
343
Apr. 3 (34) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Viewpoint of Department that activities of Commission should be carried on through direct arrangements with Liberian Government and that Legation should not act as intermediary or take any part in Commission’s proceedings.
343
Apr. 3 (42) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Action by President King against reported seditious activities of natives, instigated by Thomas J. R. Faulkner.
344
Apr. 7 (45) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Formal constitution of Commission on this date; information that Liberian Government attempted to lay down instructions but that Commission insisted successfully on right to conduct its own affairs.
345
Apr. 7 Proclamation by President King of Liberia
Regarding constitution and authority of Commission of Inquiry.
345
Apr. 9 (46) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Organization of Commission under chairmanship of Dr. Christy; plans for a 2–week period of preliminary hearings in Monrovia, followed by work in the field.
347
June 18 (86) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Report of mass meeting held on previous day, in spite of Government’s opposition, at which resolution was adopted condemning present administration for participation in slave trade, and requesting removal of officials responsible.
347
Sept. 8 (114) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Submission of joint report of International Commission, indicting Liberian Government for suppression and intimidation of natives.
348
Sept. 8 (115) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Summary of findings and recommendations of the Commission, emphasizing need for outside assistance and drastic internal improvements for Liberia.
348
Sept. 11 (116) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Expression of mortification by President King over the Commission’s findings, and belief that recommendations can be fulfilled; indication that Vice President will be used as the administration scapegoat, and that the President’s chances of renomination appear favorable.
350
Sept. 17 (123) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Publication of an official gazette pending the printing of the full report of Commission’s findings.
350
Sept. 21 (125) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Presentation by Financial Adviser of 8–point reform program; belief that President King will agree to put it into effect but that he will meet with strong opposition from all the other political factions and may later weaken.
351
Sept. 25 (129) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Intention of President King, subject to Cabinet approval, to send note assuring U. S. Government of his intention to fulfill recommendations of Commission and to ask aid of United States; information that President has sanctioned in writing the reforms proposed by the Financial Adviser.
352
Sept. 29 (131) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Recommendations by Cabinet committee appointed to examine Commission’s report, which promise partial reforms but lack measures for enforcement.
352
Sept. 30 (84) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Instructions to confer with President King regarding the proposed partial reforms and to convey information that such incomplete measures would not meet the criticisms of the Commission and that United States would not consider extending assistance unless program seemed likely to be successful.
353
Sept. 30 (133) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Note from President King for U. S. Secretary of State (text printed) stating Liberian acceptance of recommendations and suggestions of International Commission, and requesting good offices of United States in establishing reforms. Information that Section 2 follows as telegram No. 134.
353
Sept. 30 (134) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Section 2 of Liberian note, setting forth program of major reforms.
354
Oct. 1 (135) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Suggestion to postpone interview proposed in Department’s telegram No. 84, of September 30, until after acknowledgment of President King’s note.
355
Oct. 1 (86) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Request for comments on proposed program and for suggestions regarding nature of reply to President King.
355
Oct. 2 (137) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Request for permission to inform President King of the receipt in Washington of his communication and to discuss with him methods of executing proposed reforms.
356
Oct. 3 (138) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Issuance of Presidential proclamation declaring domestic servitude and pawning illegal; public meeting on October 1st at which resolutions were approved calling for resignation of present Government and establishment of Provisional Government, and for constitution of a non-partisan league to petition Legislature for reform.
356
Oct. 3 (87) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Note for President King from Secretary of State (text printed) containing assurances of friendly interest of United States and promise to study plans for reform measures, whenever submitted, with view to rendering all possible assistance.
357
Oct. 7 (140) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Delivery of note from Secretary of State to President King, at which time Department’s views were explained regarding necessity of enforcement measures; reluctance of President to discuss the program of reform in other than general terms.
357
Oct. 9 (20) From the Chargé in Liberia
Exchange of correspondence between President King and Financial Adviser outlining provisions of reform program referred to in Legation’s telegram No. 125 of September 21, details of which President King states he will submit to Legislature after its opening on October 13.
358
Oct. 13 (142) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Growing strength of Citizens League, now controlled by anti-white faction; plan for meeting on October 20 to prepare petition to Legislature to demand resignations of the President and Cabinet.
361
Oct. 16 (144) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Possibility of violence in political situation, and information that British Chargé may request British war vessel for protection of white residents.
361
Oct. 17 (145) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that, as precautionary measure, British Chargé is requesting British warship to be close at hand on October 20 and 21.
362
Oct. 17 (89) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Department’s nonobjection to summoning of British warship.
363
Oct. 20 (147) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Submission to Legislature of Citizens’ League petition, demanding impeachment of President. Information that British sloop Daffodil is at Freetown, within 24 hours’ sail of Monrovia.
363
Oct. 22 (92) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that copy of Commission’s report was delivered to Department by Dr. Johnson on October 21 and is being studied, and that President King may be so informed.
363
Oct. 23 (148) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that President King is submitting reform program to Legislature on October 30, before deciding on details, and that he may endeavor to modify program.
364
Oct. 30 (152) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
President King’s message to Congress covering text of Commission’s report and his reform program.
364
Nov. 3 (97) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Note to be delivered to Liberian Government (text printed) regarding report of Commission; instructions also to seek an audience with President King and present to him an unsigned copy of the note, stressing need for complete reform. Information that summary of the findings and recommendations is being released for publication, to be followed by publication of full report later.
365
Nov. 5 (153) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that Department’s instructions of November 3 have been carried out and that President King promised a report in a few days on action taken in effecting reforms.
366
Nov. 12 (155) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Fear that reported pillaging of native villages along Kru Coast by frontier force soldiers may be act of retaliation for testimony before International Commission; request for authorization to inquire informally of President King regarding incident and to express Department’s disapproval of such action.
367
Nov. 13 (100) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Approval of action proposed in Legation’s telegram No. 155 of November 12, and request for report; confidential information that Liberian Consul General at Baltimore will be questioned by Department on November 17 regarding reported incidents.
368
Nov. 14 (101) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that Commission’s report will not be ready for release before December 15 and that Department will not publish summary referred to in telegram No. 97 of November 3.
368
Nov. 14 (157) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Interview with President King in which he promised report on investigation now being made into alleged depredations by soldiers in Kru coast towns.
368
Nov. 15 (158) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Objection of Liberian Government to publication of Commission’s report; information that President stated he is awaiting legislative approval of a resolution authorizing him to carry out reform program.
369
Nov. 17 To the Liberian Consulate General at Baltimore
Memorandum setting forth U. S. attitude toward findings of the Commission of Inquiry and toward failure of the Liberian Government to institute effective reforms.
369
Nov. 17 (102) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Inability of U. S. Government to agree with Liberian Government’s objections to publishing of Commission’s report.
371
Nov. 17 (103) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Transmittal of summary and extracts from memorandum handed to Liberian Consul General on November 17.
372
Nov. 18 (160) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Visit at Legation of delegation from Kru and other native tribes to present petition confirming reports of pillaging by soldiers and requesting aid of U. S. Government against oppression.
372
Nov. 20 From the Liberian Consul General at Baltimore
Information that despatch has been sent to Liberian Government concerning subject of interview with Department on November 17.
373
Nov. 22 To the American Member of the International Commission of Inquiry
Expression of appreciation for services on Commission and acknowledgment of receipt of signed copy of report of Commission and supplementary documents.
373
Nov. 22 (162) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Suggestion, in face of President King’s continued excuses that reform program is being delayed by Legislature, that Legation be authorized to present to President King copy of Department’s memorandum of November 17, as he has not yet received report from Consul General.
374
Nov. 24 (106) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Authorization to advise President King of contents of Department’s telegram No. 100 of November 13 and inform him that he will receive from Liberian Consul General full text of the memorandum of November 17.
375
Nov. 27 (164) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Report that Legislature is planning to ask for President’s resignation or to consider motion of impeachment.
375
Nov. 29 (107) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Text of November 17 memorandum for transmission to Liberian Government.
376
Nov. 29 (165) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Attacks by Legislature on President King for his acceptance of Commission’s report, and pressure for his resignation or repudiation of reform program.
376
Nov. 29 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Conversation with British Ambassador concerning conditions in Liberia and possibility of action by League of Nations.
377
Dec. 1 (108) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Substance of conversation with British Ambassador on November 29, and authorization to discuss situation with British colleague.
377
Dec. 2 (168) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Report and recommendations of committee of the Legislature; resignation of Vice-President and probability of President’s resignation during week.
378
Dec. 3 (169) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that President King stated he would resign this afternoon, because of opposition to his reform program, and that Edwin Barclay, Secretary of State, will assume Presidency; Legation’s intention to await Department’s instructions before calling on new President.
378
Dec. 3 (109) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Instructions to continue informal dealings with Liberian Government, but not to address new officials by title; request for information regarding constitutionality of change of Government.
379
Dec. 4 (171) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that Constitution provides for succession to Presidency of Secretary of State in case of resignation of President and Vice President; acceptance by both Houses of President’s resignation and appointment of Barclay as successor.
379
Dec. 4 (172) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that President King submitted to Legislature at time of his resignation a copy of Department’s memorandum of November 17, which may weaken position of Barclay, whose strength is based on his anti-foreign attitude and opposition to reform program.
379
Dec. 5 (173) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Receipt from Liberian Acting Secretary of State of reply to the November 17 memorandum.
380
Dec. 5 (110) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Instructions to address note to Liberian Government requesting information on certain points as to resignation of President and Vice President and appointment of successor.
380
Dec. 5 (111) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Instructions to convey informally to Barclay that United States would be more disposed to acceptance of new Liberian Government if declaration is received accepting International Commission report and establishing necessary machinery to carry out recommendations.
381
Dec. 5 (663/D) From the Liberian Acting Secretary of State to the American Chargé in Liberia
Acknowledgment of receipt of U. S. memorandum of November 17 to the Liberian Consulate General at Baltimore, which was transmitted by the Legation to Liberian Government on December 3; comments on certain statements contained in document.
382
Dec. 8 (112) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Opinion that Liberian Government’s reply has not fulfilled Department’s expectations and has disregarded official declaration of President King of September 30; authorization to convey Department’s opinion informally to Edwin Barclay.
383
Dec. 8 (114) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Official notice from Liberian Consul General on December 6 of resignation of President and Vice President and appointment of Barclay as President; information that no acknowledgment will be made for the present.
384
Dec. 10 (174) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Liberian Government’s reply (text printed) to U. S. inquiry on points raised in Department’s telegram No. 110 of December 5; information that no response has been made to suggestion for declaration of policy by new Government, but that Barclay is attempting minor reforms.
384
Dec. 10 Memorandum by the Secretary of State of an Interview With Mr. Harvey S. Firestone of Akron, Ohio
Conversation concerning Firestone investments in Liberia and seriousness of conditions.
385
Dec. 13 (175) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Proposed law to authorize appointment of two qualified foreigners to supervise administration of the hinterland; comment that law does not satisfactorily carry out Commission’s recommendations or provide adequate system of administration and is further example of Government’s policy of merely partial and unsatisfactory reforms.
386
Dec. 18 (635/D) From the Liberian Acting Secretary of State to the American Chargé in Liberia
Request for nomination by U. S. Government of two qualified Americans to be appointed by Liberian Government as Commissioners in Liberian Hinterland Administration.
387
Dec. 18 (177) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Transmittal of text of Liberian Government’s Note No. 635/D, December 18. Desire of Barclay to discuss his complete program with Chargé before submitting it to United States.
387
Dec. 20 (119) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Authorization to convey to Barclay informally Department’s viewpoint that there is no necessity for discussion of Liberian program of merely partial compliance with Commission’s recommendations.
388
Dec. 22 (180) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Further details of act regarding hinterland administration, which only partly complies with Commission’s recommendations and which is unsatisfactory to local merchants.
388
Dec. 23 (1204) To the Minister in Switzerland
Instructions to transmit to Acting Secretary General of the League of Nations a note concerning representations which U. S. Government has already made to Liberian Government regarding investigation of International Commission of Inquiry.
389
Dec. 23 (670/D) From the Liberian Acting Secretary of State to the American Chargé in Liberia
List of legislative acts providing for reform measures in accordance with report of Commission, with request that they be communicated to U. S. Government with a view to securing American cooperation and assistance.
389
Dec. 24 (181) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Transmittal of Liberian Government’s note of December 23; intention to point out to Barclay, in informal meeting, unsatisfactory nature of reforms, and to remind him that U. S. offer of assistance was predicated on Liberian acceptance of Commission’s report and effective carrying out of recommendations; intention of British Chargé to express similar opinion on inadequacy of reforms.
390
Dec. 26 From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
Information that British Government has requested that Liberian inquiry report be placed on agenda of next meeting of the Council of the League.
391
Dec. 27 (120) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Instructions to make no acknowledgment of Liberian note of December 23, as it in no way changes Department’s position as previously stated.
391
Dec. 27 Memorandum by Mr. Ellis O. Briggs, of the Division of Western European Affairs
Outline of Liberian situation and conclusion that achievement of reforms depends on substitution of external for Liberian control; three possible courses of action: (1) United States to take full responsibility; (2) some other nation to take control; (3) joint international control, with American participation on basis of membership in International Slavery Convention of 1926.
391
Dec. 30 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Request by British Ambassador for U. S. attitude on international control for Liberia, with view to action by Council of League of Nations at forthcoming meeting; Ambassador’s suggestion that request for a commission of control might be made by Liberian Government itself.
393

Financial Difficulties of the Government of Liberia and Its Alleged Failure To Perform Its Obligations Under the Loan Agreement of 1926

[Page XLV][Page XLVI]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 Apr. 10 (48) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Serious financial situation of Liberian Government and prospect of default on May 1st bond interest; intention of President to appoint investigating committee to determine what economies can be effected in government departments.
394
Apr. 25 (52) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Discussion with President King of financial situation; opinion that U. S. friendly intervention may be necessary at some future time.
395
May 3 (58) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Discussion of Liberian financial conditions with Secretary of State Barclay, who presented, for Department’s information, copy of a memorandum which is being sent to the Fiscal Agents in America requesting their good offices in assisting Liberian Government to obtain loan from Bank of British West Africa.
396
May 9 (48) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Request for brief summary of cause of present Liberian financial crisis and any suggestions for informal advice to Liberian Government; advice, however, that this Government has no intention of intervening in Liberia and that Legation should make no commitments nor express views until instructed to do so by Department.
397
May 12 (65) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information requested in Department’s telegram No. 48 of May 9, with comment that intervention intended was simply intensifying of American control at request of Liberian Government.
398
May 15 (66) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Disadvantages resulting from withholding by Fiscal Agents of loan money which was due April 1; recommendation that it be made available to Liberian Government for essential projects.
399
June 24 From the Finance Corporation of America at Cleveland
Communication dated June 14, 1930 (text printed), from Finance Corporation to National City Bank of New York, Fiscal Agent in loan agreement of 1926 between Finance Corporation and Liberian Government, setting forth various ways in which Liberian Government has failed to observe terms of loan agreement and stating refusal to forward loan installment due April 1st until Liberian Government takes steps to comply with terms of agreement. Disapproval of Liberian Government’s request for good offices in obtaining loan from Bank of British West Africa; willingness to relieve situation by loan of $18,000 for certain specific purposes.
399
Aug. 20 (104) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Liberian plan for formation of government treasury under control of American fiscal officers.
404
Aug. 22 (71) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Request for cabled report on proposed legislation for government treasury; also on various phases of the political situation.
404
Aug. 24 (108) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information requested in Department’s telegram No. 71 of August 22.
405
Sept. 15 (120) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Interest of President King in securing establishment of a national bank in Monrovia; failure of Financial Adviser to interest foreign banks in such an institution.
407
Oct. 1 President King of Liberia to the National City Bank of New York
Belief that it will not be necessary to arbitrate alleged breaches of Loan Agreement contained in Finance Corporation’s communication of June 14, and enumeration of certain corrective measures, with assurances of cooperation in settling all such questions.
407
Oct. 17 (26) From the Chargé in Liberia
Transmittal of annual report of Financial Adviser as submitted to President of Liberia for year ending September 30, 1930, which stresses necessity of fiscal reform to reduce budget deficit.
410
Nov. 13 (35) From the Chargé in Liberia
Negotiations resulting in a depositary agreement between the Liberian Government and the United States Trading Company, a subsidiary of the Firestone Plantations Company of Liberia, and the opening on November 7 of a bank for the receipt of Government deposits and certain commercial transactions.
411
Dec. 19 (178) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that Financial Adviser is holding up delivery, pending Department’s advice, of Finance Corporation’s telegram for Liberian Secretary of Treasury requesting prosecution of officials whose accounts are delinquent; comment that such prosecution, which would include President Barclay, would threaten stability of Government at this time.
414
Dec. 20 (118) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Opinion that Department should not be called on officially to pass on communications between the Liberian Government and the Finance Corporation.
415

Interest of the Department of State in Sanitary Reforms for Liberia

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Date and number Subject Page
1930 May 25 (68) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Substance of health survey report by Dr. Howard F. Smith, Chief Medical Adviser to Liberia; uncooperative attitude of Government, which has advised that no funds will be available for health program after June 1.
415
May 27 (509) To the Chargé in Liberia
Intention of Public Health Service to withdraw Dr. Smith at the end of one year’s service and not to replace him by another Public Health Officer; instructions to offer Department’s unofficial good offices in recommending names of qualified persons in case Liberian Government desires to appoint sanitary engineer to replace Dr. Smith.
416
June 3 (74) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Report of yellow fever case next to Legation premises, said to be first of the year.
417
June 6 From the Assistant Surgeon General to Mr. James P. Moffitt of the Division of Western European Affairs
Telegram from Dr. Smith, June 5 (excerpt printed), stating he has neither funds nor authority for sanitary program; request for arrangements for return of Dr. Smith from Liberia in view of Liberian Government’s uncooperative attitude.
417
June 7 Mr. James P. Moffitt of the Division of Western European Affairs to the Chief of the Division
Information that Advisory Committee on Education in Liberia is sending $2,000 to its representative in Liberia, Bishop Campbell, for Dr. Smith’s use in sanitary program, and that Public Health Service advised that its request of June 6 for Dr. Smith’s return need not be acted on until Department has found solution for situation in Liberia.
418
June 7 (55) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that Advisory Committee is sending $2,000 today for Liberian sanitary relief.
419
July 15 (363/D) From the Liberian Secretary of State to the American Chargé in Liberia
Regret at notification that Dr. Smith’s services will be terminated at end of year; intention to continue with development of sanitary system but inability, in view of limited resources, to accept Department’s offer to recommend names of sanitary engineers at salary of $6,000 a year, and decision to secure such services elsewhere.
419
Aug. 4 From the Acting Secretary of the Treasury
Request for arrangement by Department of State with Liberian Government for immediate release of Dr. Smith, since he has fulfilled his mission of demonstrating control of yellow fever and improving sanitary conditions but Liberian Government has not arranged for necessary financial support and legal authority to continue work.
420
Aug. 20 (103) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that Dr. Smith is today cabling Surgeon General his belief that further time spent in Liberia would be wasted owing to failure of Government to cooperate in any way; opinion that this is only way of compelling Liberian Government to comply with terms of the memorandum agreement of 1929.
421
Aug. 21 (69) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Request for comments and recommendations for securing Liberian Government’s compliance with terms of memorandum agreement in order that sanitary program may be continued; inquiry whether Government has anyone in view to replace Dr. Smith.
421
Aug. 21 (70) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
From Surgeon General Cumming to Dr. Smith: Instructions to remain until completion of Liberian financial reorganization in October; authorization, meanwhile, to make visits of inspection to neighboring countries, returning to Monrovia by end of September.
422
Aug. 23 (106) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Plan to discuss with President measures necessary to secure funds and authority for sanitation work.
422
Aug. 25 (72) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Authorization for proposed interview with President, with instructions to stress concern of United States over success of sanitary program.
423
Aug. 26 (109) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Interview with President King, who promised to discuss with Treasury question of funds for sanitary campaign and gave assurances that necessary authority will be granted when money is available.
423
Aug. 28 (111) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that President has instructed Secretary of Treasury to accept Fiscal Agents’ offer of $11,000 for sanitation, even though other financial questions have not been settled.
423
Sept. 8 (113) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that Dr. Smith is awaiting reply to Liberian Secretary of Treasury’s request to Fiscal Agents for funds before renewing sanitary campaign and that meanwhile he is working on a bill to establish a Public Health Service.
424
Sept. 10 (10) From the Chargé in Liberia
Report on developments in sanitation campaign, which has been suspended since May 31 for lack of funds and authority.
424
Sept. 12 (77) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Instructions to discuss with Financial Adviser, Medical Adviser, and Firestone representative, recommendations for giving legal authority to Sanitary Adviser, the recommendations to be incorporated in statement accompanying $11,000 loan of Finance Corporation for sanitary program.
427
Sept. 15 (119) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Recommendations desired by Financial and Medical Advisers for inclusion in statement accompanying $11,000 loan.
428
Sept. 17 (122) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that Dr. Smith is about to start visit of inspection to neighboring countries and expects to be gone about 23 days.
429
Sept. 19 (79) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Opinion of Firestone representative and Financial Adviser that sanitary issue should be kept separate from breaches of Loan Agreement and other questions between Finance Corporation and Liberian Government; request for cabled report and recommendations on subject.
429
Sept. 19 (80) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Instructions to discuss with Financial Adviser certain provisions regarding sanitary program which Firestone representative in Akron believes should be included in Finance Corporation’s answer to Liberian Government.
429
Sept. 23 (357) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Agreement of Financial Adviser and Firestone representative with points mentioned in Department’s telegrams 79 and 80, but feeling that it would be wise to await President’s attitude toward suggested reform program before insisting on separate sanitation agreement.
430
Sept. 22 (126) From the British Ambassador
Intention of British Government to request French and German cooperation in urging Liberian Government to enforce sanitary regulations and improve health conditions in Monrovia; hope that U. S. Chargé will be instructed to join with his colleagues in this action.
431
Sept. 24 (5 PCE) From the Financial Adviser of the Republic of Liberia to President King of Liberia
Understanding regarding terms of sanitation program agreed to by President King, which extends memorandum agreement of 1929 for 5 years, and for which funds will have to be provided in budget arrangements.
432
Sept. 27 (82) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Transmittal of substance of British note of September 23; non-objection to representations similar to those proposed in the British note if they do not interfere with arrangements with Financial Adviser and Firestone representative.
433
Oct. 2 (136) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Consultation with British Chargé and decision to discuss informally with President King interest of other nations in successful outcome of proposed sanitation program, reserving protest in case of failure of Liberian Government to carry out program.
433
Nov. 5 (98) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that Finance Corporation has decided to make advance of $11,000 requested by Liberian Government for sanitary purposes and that $3,000 will be made immediately available to Fiscal Agent.
434
Nov. 17 (159) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Message from Dr. Smith (text printed) for transmission to Surgeon General setting forth lack of funds and cooperation, and recommending that Liberian Government be requested to hire own sanitary officer.
434
Nov. 29 (166) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Agreement with Dr. Smith’s feeling that Liberian Government has no further interest in sanitation, and the work, if reopened, could not be successful.
435
Dec. 8 (47) From the Chargé in Liberia
Summary of efforts to renew sanitary campaign and failure of Liberian Government to comply with its agreements; suggestion for international cooperation as only means of compelling local government to carry out effective sanitary control.
436
Dec. 11 (115) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Communication for Liberian Acting Secretary of State, to be addressed to him without title (text printed), stating that Dr. Smith is being recalled by U. S. Government because of lack of cooperation by Liberian Government and that British and French Governments have been informed of this action; authorization for Dr. Smith to sail at once.
440
Dec. 12 To the British Embassy
Notification that Dr. Smith has been recalled from Liberia because of Liberian Government’s failure to support sanitation program.
(Footnote: The same to the French and German Embassies.)
441
Dec. 12 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Conversation with British Ambassador concerning Liberian situation and probability of some form of foreign control.
442
Dec. 16 (176) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Communication from Acting Secretary of State (excerpt printed) expressing regret at withdrawal of Medical Adviser, inquiring whether decision is irrevocable, and stating that law recommended by Dr. Smith is now before Legislature.
442
Dec. 17 (117) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Advice that it is unnecessary to reply to question raised in Liberian note.
443
Dec. 27 (182) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Request by Liberian Government that United States nominate an individual to serve as Director of Public Health and Sanitation under new law; information that Dr. Smith has left Monrovia for England.
443
Dec. 29 (121) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Message to be conveyed informally to Liberian Acting Secretary of State (or orally to President Barclay) that American Government cannot enter into discussion of Liberian Government’s request before Dr. Smith’s return to Washington and submission of his report.
444
Dec. 31 (183) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Intention to deliver message orally to President Barclay stressing at the same time the importance of delaying further discussion pending receipt of Dr. Smith’s report in Washington and study of the situation.
444

Appointment of George W. Lewis as Major in the Liberian Frontier Force Under the 1926 Loan Agreement

[Page LI]
Date and number Subject Page
1929 Feb. 25 To the National City Bank of New York
Efforts of United States Government to secure suitable candidate, at request of Liberian Government, for nomination to fill vacancy in Frontier Force; suggestion for discussion between parties to Loan Agreement to settle questions of color, salary, and powers of American officers serving in Frontier Force.
445
Nov. 23 (49) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Note for Liberian Secretary of State (text printed) informing him that George W. Lewis has been nominated for appointment as Major in Liberian Frontier Force under provisions of 1926 Loan Agreement at yearly salary of $7,500; explanation of factors taken into consideration in making the nomination.
449
Dec. 3 (69) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Compliance with Department’s instructions of November 23; desire of Secretary Barclay to know whether note may be construed as offer of Fiscal Agents for new salary agreement under article 12, paragraph 3 of Loan Agreement.
450
Dec. 13 (54) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Instructions to advise Liberian Government that Fiscal Agents do not consider it necessary to make any change in terms of Loan Agreement at present but, when another officer is appointed, making total amount of salary exceed $8,000, they will take up question of revising article 12, paragraph 3; instructions to urge importance of agreement to appointment of Lewis at $7,500 salary at an early date.
450
Dec. 26 (77) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Liberian nonobjection to nomination of Lewis, but insistence on salary proportionate to total amount mentioned by Loan Agreement for two American officers.
451
1930 Jan. 13 (3) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Arrangement whereby Finance Corporation agrees to reimburse Liberian Government for difference in salary between the $7,500 promised to Lewis and the $5,000 which will be allowed by Liberian Government; request for cabled reply.
451
Jan. 15 (8) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Belief that Liberian Government would reject Department’s proposal of January 13 as making Lewis a National City Bank employee rather than nominee of U. S. Government and Liberian Government appointee; counter-suggestion for acceptance of Lewis as senior military adviser at $7,500 now and postponement of all questions regarding appointment of second officer for future consideration; request for instructions.
452
Jan. 23 (8) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Nonagreement of Department that offer contains implications mentioned in Legation’s telegram No. 8; authorization, however, to hold instructions in abeyance and make proposal suggested.
453
Feb. 13 (22) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Written confirmation by Secretary Barclay (text printed) accepting nomination of Lewis, subject to withdrawal of nomination of Captain Outley, U. S. nominee under 1912 loan agreement; suggestion of provision for Outley by reinstatement in American regular army with seniority for service in Liberia.
454
Feb. 19 (20) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that since expiration of 1912 agreement Outley has been employed directly by Liberian Government and question of U. S. withdrawal of his nomination does not arise; that there is no objection to Liberian Government’s dispensing with his services. Request for information regarding arrangements for paying expenses of Lewis and understanding reached with him regarding a contract.
455
Feb. 22 (28) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Liberian Government’s position that Outley is de facto U. S. nominee, and suggestion that withdrawal of his nomination by U. S. Government is most practical means of settling the question; Legation’s opinion that no contract is required for Lewis and that his status is governed by terms of Loan Agreement and Executive Order.
456
Feb. 26 (22) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Authorization to inform Liberian Government of U. S. withdrawal of nomination of Outley as made under 1912 loan agreement.
457
Feb. 28 (23) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that War Department will authorize Outley’s reinstatement at former grade, but under law his service in Liberia cannot count for seniority.
458
Mar. 17 (35) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Note from Secretary Barclay stating approval by Liberian Government of Lewis’ nomination as Major at $7,500; also that all obligations to Outley will be discharged and arrangements made for Lewis’ transportation expenses.
458
July 2 (92) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Report of commissioning of Lewis as Major in Liberian Frontier Force on July 1; attitude of Liberian Government that he is merely military adviser with little actual authority.
458
[Page LII]

Appointment of Charles I. McCaskey As Acting Financial Adviser to the Republic of Liberia in the Absence of John Loomis

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Jan. 30 To Mr. Nelson Stuart, Assistant Trust Officer of the National City Bank of New York
Acknowledgment of notification that Financial Adviser in Liberia is recommending James I. McCaskey as Acting Financial Adviser during the former’s absence on leave; request for information as to whether formality of nomination of Acting Financial Adviser by President of United States is desired.
459
Feb. 6 From Mr. Nelson Stuart, Assistant Trust Officer of the National City Bank of New York
Advice that there appears to be no provision in the 1926 loan agreement as to appointment of an Acting Financial Adviser during absence of the Financial Adviser, but opinion that confirmation by State Department would strengthen official status of Acting Financial Adviser and would establish precedent for future cases.
459
Feb. 13 (16) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Instructions, upon receipt of formal letter of recommendation from Financial Adviser, and if it is believed that McCaskey is satisfactory to President of Liberia, to notify Liberian Government of U. S. Government’s approval of appointment.
460
Mar. 12 (33) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that McCaskey was commissioned Acting Financial Adviser on March 11 by President of Liberia; viewpoint of Liberian Government that in absence of Financial Adviser, the next in command should become Acting Financial Adviser and nomination by President of United States is not necessary.
461

MEXICO

Proposed Agreement Between Mexico and the International Committee of Bankers on Mexico

[Page LIII][Page LIV]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 July 17 (2632) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Memorandum of a telephone conversation with Mr. T. W. Lamont, Chairman of the International Committee of Bankers on Mexico, on July 10 (text printed), in regard to conversations now proceeding in New York with Mr. Montes de Oca, Mexican Minister of Finance, regarding a reorganization of the National Railways of Mexico and payments on bonded debt to bondholders represented by International Committee.
462
July 23 (157) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Report of contemplated agreement between International Committee and Mexican Government which is of an independent nature and not conditional upon the adoption of a general program providing for all creditors.
466
July 25 (195) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Authorization to convey informally to Mexican officials viewpoint that U. S. Government must consider any agreement with regard to its bearing on general Mexican financial stability and its effect on claims of Americans not represented by the International Committee.
467
July 25 (2647) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Memoranda of telephone conversations (texts printed) of American Ambassador and Naval Attaché in Mexico with members of International Committee outlining progress of negotiations and proposed plan for an immediate cash payment for debt reduction as preliminary to an agreement which will be part of a general financial program.
467
July 28 (160) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Discussion with President Ortiz Rubio concerning agreement signed July 25 between United Mexican States and International Committee of Bankers on Mexico; Rubio’s assertion that he would not submit the agreement to Congress without a plan for the debt as a whole. Request that information be kept confidential, pending developments.
472
Aug. 4 To the Ambassador in Mexico
Memorandum on the Mexican debt dated August 3 (text printed) by the Under Secretary of State, outlining his objections to the Lamont-Montes de Oca agreement and requesting Ambassador’s views as to whether Mexican Government would find it feasible at present to undertake negotiations for a general financial plan.
473
Aug. 21 (187) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Comments on points raised in Under Secretary’s memorandum of August 3; opinion that, in case of adoption of the agreement without regard to other obligations of the Government, it would be best for United States to reserve right to take the stand that new agreement is not good against U. S. Government claims; belief that Department need not take any action until the matter has proceeded further.
475
Aug. 22 (2710) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Letter from the Chairman of the International Committee of Bankers on Mexico to the Ambassador, dated July 24, and reply of August 18 (texts printed), explaining their different viewpoints on Mexican financial and debt problems.
477
Sept. 25 From the Chairman of the International Committee of Bankers on Mexico
Memorandum (text printed) giving outline of history of unsecured debt of Mexican Government and refunding arrangements under agreement of July 25.
487
Oct. 6 To the Chairman of the International Committee of Bankers on Mexico
Department’s desire that its silence in regard to the terms of the agreement of July 25 should not be interpreted as expressing acquiescence, since, in the event that the agreement should impair the resources available for meeting balance of Mexican foreign debt, Department will feel free to disregard the terms.
(Footnote: Copy sent to the Mexican Ambassador on November 14.)
490
Oct. 21 (269) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Report of press interview with President Ortiz Rubio, who stated that Congress had been requested to study carefully the various aspects of the Lamont-Montes de Oca agreement; information that agreement has not yet been formally submitted to Congress.
492
Undated Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Mexican Affairs of a Conversation Between the Under Secretary of State and the Mexican Ambassador, November 5, 1930
Request of Mexican Ambassador to be allowed to return a letter of October 31, 1930, from the Under Secretary of State, enclosing copy of Secretary’s letter of October 6 to the Chairman of the International Committee of Bankers on Mexico, because of implication which would arise that U. S. Government was attempting to interfere in Mexican domestic affairs; acceptance of letter by Under Secretary with comment that letter and enclosure were intended to be purely informatory.
492
Dec. 2 (13) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Report of conversation between member of Embassy staff and Mexican Minister of Finance, regarding two problems affecting ratification of the July 25 agreement and their proposed solution.
493
Dec. 27 (357) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Probability that a modified form of the agreement will be submitted for ratification at a special session of Congress to be called in February 1931.
(Footnote: Information that on December 22, 1931, authorization of the refunding plan under the agreement was postponed for 3 years.)
495

Consideration of En Bloc Settlement of Claims Between the United States and Mexico and Arrangement Regarding Meetings of the Claims Commissions

[Page LV]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 July 16 (148) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Request for instructions as to whether to initiate concurrent yet independent negotiations on (1) en bloc settlement of claims between the United States and Mexico, and (2) river rectification project.
495
July 17 (182) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Authorization to initiate concurrent negotiations on questions mentioned in telegram No. 148 of July 16.
496
Aug. 7 (2678) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Memorandum by the Counselor of Embassy (text printed) giving views expressed by Mexican Foreign Minister in regard to non-functioning of the Special Claims Commission of United States and Mexico; importance of reaching an en bloc settlement before expiration of existing Claims Conventions.
496
Sept. 4 (2741) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Discussion with Foreign Minister regarding steps which could best be taken to bring about an en bloc settlement.
498
Nov. 29 (2) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Conversation of member of Embassy staff with Finance Minister, who indicated that he was still in favor of an en bloc settlement and would discuss subject with Foreign Minister Estrada at an early date.
498
Dec. 5 (26) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Memorandum of conversation with the Foreign Minister on December 1 (extract printed), in which it was proposed to leave question of en bloc settlement in abeyance during anticipated absence of Foreign Minister until January.
499
Dec. 10 (38) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Memorandum of conversation with the Foreign Minister on December 9 (text printed) regarding a proposed meeting of Special Claims Commission in February and arrangements for discussions by agents to settle certain preliminary questions.
501
Dec. 15 (351) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Suggestions made at meeting of Ambassador and Counselor of Embassy with Acting Foreign Minister and his advisor regarding plans for future sessions of General and Special Claims Commissions, and for the exclusion of certain cases from hearings for reasons of expediency.
504
Dec. 16 (344) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Approval of suggested arrangements, with instructions to make clear that postponement of certain cases is for a limited time, because of Mexican desire, and does not constitute a waiver of U. S. position regarding these cases.
506
Dec. 22 (354) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Receipt from Foreign Office of memorandum dated December 17 which agrees substantially with Legation’s memorandum to Foreign Office of same date, as summarized in telegram No. 351 of December 15.
506
Dec. 23 (69) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Memorandum of December 17 from Mexican Foreign Office (text printed) regarding time and place of meeting of General and Special Claims Commissions.
507

Temporary Closing of the Mexican Consulate at Laredo, Texas, In Reprisal for Threatened Arrest of General Calles, Former President of Mexico

[Page LVI][Page LVII][Page LVIII][Page LIX]
Date and number Subject Page
1929 July 20 To the Governor of Texas (tel.)
Request for action to prevent disturbances during passage of General Calles, former President of Mexico, through Texas en route to New York, in view of reported threats by former District Attorney John A. Valls to arrest him for complicity in death of two Mexican citizens in Laredo on June 7, 1922.
508
July 22 From the Governor of Texas (tel.)
Information that District Attorney R. L. Bobbitt of Laredo states no charges are pending there and none have ever been filed there against General Calles.
509
July 23 (140) From the Consul at Nuevo Laredo
Details of General Calles’ arrival in Laredo, Texas, and greeting by committee of welcome.
509
Nov. 28 From the Consul at Nuevo Laredo (tel.)
Reported intention of John A. Vails, who is again Prosecuting Attorney of Webb County, to arrest General Calles on his return trip from New York to Mexico.
511
Dec. 3 To the Consul at Nuevo Laredo (tel.)
Request for telegraphic report on developments in threatened arrest of General Calles; information that General Calles has diplomatic passport and visa.
511
Dec. 4 From the Consul at Nuevo Laredo (tel.)
Information that Valls has sufficient evidence for arrest of Calles as material witness and has stated he will not recognize diplomatic passport or visa unless Calles has special diplomatic mission recognized by President of United States.
512
Dec. 5 (372) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Request to be kept informed of Department’s action to prevent threatened arrest of Calles.
512
Dec. 5 To the Governor of Texas (tel.)
Report of renewed threats of arrest against General Calles on his return to Mexico; request that suitable steps be taken to prevent interference with General Calles’ liberty and safety while travelling through Texas.
512
Dec. 6 From, the Governor of Texas (tel.)
Opinion that Department can rely on statements made last July by Judge Valls that he would not try to arrest or otherwise embarrass General Calles on his trip through Texas.
513
Dec. 6 To the Consul at Nuevo Laredo (tel.)
Request for comment on Governor Moody’s telegram of December 6.
514
Dec. 7 From the Consul at Nuevo Laredo (tel.)
Opinion that Governor is not informed on case, and that Valls intends to swear out warrant as soon as he has information as to when and where Calles will pass through Texas.
514
Dec. 9 To the Consul at Nuevo Laredo
Information that General Calles carries a diplomatic passport and U. S. visa and that his diplomatic status is recognized by President of United States; authorization so to inform Mr. Valls or other interested persons and to show this instruction to Mr. Valls if he requests it.
514
Dec. 13 From the Consul at Nuevo Laredo (tel.)
Information that Valls has issued warrant and is determined to arrest Calles in spite of Department’s instruction and that U. S. Government should be prepared to handle situation in case Calles comes through Texas.
515
Dec. 14 (541) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Arrangements for armed guard to escort Calles party across Mexican border, for which, in view of urgency, Department had not secured permission from Mexican Government; instructions to explain to Acting Foreign Minister and telegraph his acquiescence.
515
Dec. 14 To the Consul at Nuevo Laredo (tel.)
Information that General Calles will be accompanied by Mexican Ambassador, who has diplomatic immunity under international law, and that United States must not fail to fulfill its obligations under international law; instructions that interested parties may be so advised.
516
Dec. 14 To the Governor of Texas (tel.)
Request, in view of evidence that Valls intends to attempt arrest of General Calles, for precautions requested in Department’s telegram of December 5.
516
Dec. 14 From the District Attorney of Webb County, Texas (tel.)
Intention to attempt to arrest General Calles unless his diplomatic immunity is protected by Government with armed force.
517
Dec. 15 To the District Attorney of Webb County, Texas (tel.)
Information that Government is prepared to take steps necessary to protect General Calles from arrest or molestation while in United States.
517
Dec. 15 (378) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Request of Foreign Minister that armed escort for General Calles stop on International Bridge, since Senate permission would be necessary for armed forces to enter Mexican territory.
518
Dec. 15 From the District Attorney of Webb County, Texas (tel.)
Acknowledgment of Department’s telegram of December 15.
518
Dec. 16 (380) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Intention of Mexican Government to close Mexican Consulate at Laredo, Texas, as protest against actions and threats of Attorney Vails.
518
Dec. 16 From the Governor of Texas (tel.)
Belief that Valls will not attempt arrest of General Calles.
519
Dec. 17 (544) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Hope that closing of Mexican Consulate at Laredo may be deferred until Foreign Minister has discussed matters with General Calles, in view of friendly attitude of citizens of Laredo to Mexican Government and General Calles.
519
Dec. 17 From the Consul at Nuevo Laredo (tel.)
Information that General Calles passed unmolested through Laredo; also that Mexican Consulate has been closed.
520
Dec. 18 (545) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Telegram of December 17 from the Governor of Texas and Department’s reply (texts printed) concerning possibility of action by Department to secure reopening of Consulate and port of Laredo by Mexican Government; permission to show this telegram to Foreign Minister Estrada.
520
Dec. 20 (2071) From the Chargé in Mexico
Information that no action has been taken on Department’s telegram No. 544 of December 17, and that telegram No. 545, December 18, was shown to Mr. Estrada, who made no comment.
521
Dec. 20 (550) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Exchange of telegrams between Governor of Texas and Department (texts printed) regarding Laredo incident, in which Department requested information regarding Governor’s relations with Valls and inquired what assurances could be given Mexican Government that similar unfriendly incidents would not occur in future.
522
Dec. 21 (551) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Telegram from Governor of Texas (text printed) giving information requested in Department’s telegram No. 550 and stating that Mexican Government can be assured of friendly attitude of people of Laredo and need not anticipate any unpleasantness upon reestablishment of relations.
523
1930 Jan. 4 (2) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
For J. Reuben Clark, Jr.: Instructions to press actively with the Mexican Government for reopening of Mexican Consulate at Laredo, on basis of promises made by Attorney Valls through the Governor of Texas.
524
Jan. 4 From the Governor of Texas (tel.)
Assurances by District Attorney Valls (excerpts printed) of just and courteous treatment of Mexican citizens in his district. Serious commercial situation resulting from closing of Consulate and port at Laredo; assertion that this is an international problem, and request for diplomatic negotiations to reopen the Consulate and port.
525
Jan. 6 To the Governor of Texas (tel.)
Comment that telegram of January 4 strengthens U. S. position with Mexico.
526
Jan. 8 (5) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
For Cotton from Clark: Discussion with Acting Foreign Minister Estrada of Mexican attitude toward the Laredo situation; suggestion that Estrada draft a statement covering assurances desired by Mexican Government from United States before reopening Consulate.
526
Jan. 9 (7) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
For Clark: Comments on wording of proposed draft statement.
529
Jan. 10 (8) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
For Clark: Report that economic situation at Laredo is getting worse.
529
Jan. 10 (7) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
For Cotton from Clark: Intention to submit for informal discussion at interview with Estrada today draft statement which Department might use.
529
Jan. 10 (9) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
For Cotton from Clark: Draft statements received from Estrada and draft American statement submitted to him (texts printed) as basis for discussion; request for draft of satisfactory statement to be submitted at next appointment with Estrada.
530
Jan. 11 (12) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
For Clark: Dissatisfaction with Estrada’s proposal; approval of American proposal, with certain specified changes in wording, and authorization for the Chargé to sign and deliver the statement.
532
Jan. 13 (11) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
For Cotton from Clark: Presentation of statement (text printed) to Estrada, who requested amendment of one clause, eliminating reference to diplomatic passports; request for Department’s decision by telephone.
532
Jan. 14 (13) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Note delivered to Acting Foreign Minister containing revised statement authorized by Department, and note of acceptance from Acting Foreign Minister (texts printed).
533
Jan. 15 To the Governor of Texas (tel.)
Information that Mexican Government has ordered opening of Consulate at Laredo.
534
Jan. 16 From the Governor of Texas (tel.)
Appreciation of Department’s efforts in securing reopening of Consulate at Laredo.
535

Renewed Negotiations for a Settlement of the Dispute Over the Rio Grande Boundary

[Page LX][Page LXI][Page LXII]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 Jan. 20 To the Mexican Ambassador
Information that American Commissioner on International Boundary Commission has been instructed to commence immediately with elimination of pending banco cases, in accordance with understanding that Mexican Commissioner will be instructed to prepare final plan for river rectification as soon as possible.
535
Feb. 22 (00684) From the Mexican Chargé
Information that Mexican Commissioner has been instructed to cooperate with the American Commissioner in preparation of river rectification plan following elimination of banco cases.
535
Mar. 20 (78) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to deliver note to Foreign Office proposing negotiation of a treaty covering points set forth in Minute 111 of the International Boundary Commission as soon as final plans for river rectification have been received by both Governments; instructions to consult with Mr. Clark, Special Representative of the Department; information that Commissioner Lawson would be sent to Mexico City for negotiations if considered advisable.
536
Mar. 24 (62) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
For Cotton from Clark: Suggestion, in view of anticipated relinquishment of his post by Ambassador Morrow, that proposal be changed to the effect that treaty negotiations will be undertaken after final plans have been received and studied by the two Governments; belief that Commissioner Lawson’s presence is essential to negotiations.
537
Mar. 25 (83) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Authorization to make change suggested.
538
Mar. 26 (65) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Information that note was delivered to Foreign Office today.
538
May 16 (2459) From the Chargé in Mexico
Note from Foreign Minister, May 7 (text printed), in reply to Embassy’s note of March 26, stating willingness of Mexican Government to examine means for putting into practice points contained in Minute 111, subject to certain previously specified exceptions.
538
May 20 (134) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to inquire of Foreign Office whether Mexican Government is willing to begin negotiations in Mexico City early in July.
540
May 29 (2495) From the Chargé in Mexico
Note from Foreign Minister, May 27 (text printed), suggesting July 10 as date for Boundary Commissioners to meet and begin negotiations, but pointing out that no agreement has been reached to negotiate a treaty but only to come to a satisfactory arrangement.
540
May 29 (144) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Information that Commissioner Lawson is being instructed to arrive in Mexico City shortly before July 10; instructions to use own discretion as to advisability of urging negotiation of a treaty at present.
541
May 31 (109) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Belief that it would be best to proceed with Mexican Government’s proposal in note of May 27.
542
June 6 To the Mexican Ambassador
Suggestion that the two Governments might now agree on interpretation that transfer of sovereignty over a banco takes place one month from the date the Commission gives its decision, unless such decision has meanwhile been disapproved by either or both Governments.
542
July 9 (140) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Information that Commissioners are completing final report of rectification project; proposal to initiate negotiations at first propitious moment.
543
July 11 (176) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Authorization to initiate negotiations whenever moment seems propitious.
543
Aug. 5 (2670) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Minutes Nos. 128 and 129 of the International Boundary Commission (texts printed) regarding project for the rectification of the Rio Grande.
543
Aug. 7 From the Mexican Ambassador
Acceptance of interpretation proposed in Department’s note of June 6 regarding date of transfer of sovereignty over bancos.
550
Aug. 21 (219) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to begin negotiations with Mexican Government for agreement to effect recommendations outlined in report by International Boundary Commission, and containing certain specified provisions.
551
Aug. 22 (189) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Interview with President of Mexico, who indicated his accord with the project and his intention of giving instructions to commence negotiations at once.
552
Aug. 28 (196) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Agreement with Foreign Office’s desire that Mexican Government should initiate negotiations for agreement and that negotiations be kept informal at this stage.
552
Aug. 29 (223) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to endeavor to include in agreement, in limited form only, Boundary Commissioners’ recommendation regarding immunity from claims.
553
Aug. 29 (225) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Concurrence in recommendation for informal status of negotiations contained in Legation’s telegram No. 196, August 28.
554
Sept. 9 (208) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Proposal by Mexican Government for Boundary Commission to meet at Ciudad Juarez in near future to approve draft minute, copy of which has been sent to Mexican Commissioner for consultation with American Commissioner; information that copy of this telegram is being sent to American Commissioner by air mail.
554
Sept. 9 (2751) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Text of the minute prepared by the Foreign Office to be approved by the International Boundary Commission (copy of which is also being sent to the American Commissioner).
554
Sept. 10 To the Consul at Ciudad Juarez (tel.)
For Commissioner Lawson: Instructions to consult with Mexican Commissioner regarding draft minute and to send observations to Department.
557
Sept. 20 From the American Commissioner, International Boundary Commission, United States and Mexico
Suggestion by Commissioners for conference at which representatives of State Department and Mexican Foreign Office can act with Boundary Commissioners to reach final agreement to be submitted for approval of both countries.
557
1931 Jan. 2 (1) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Belief that negotiations for river rectification agreement should begin as soon as possible; request that Commissioner Lawson be instructed to come to Mexico City immediately to assist in preparations for discussions with Mexican Foreign Office.
559

Protection in Mexico of the Trademarks of the Palmolive Company and of Chickering and Sons

Date and number Subject Page
1929 Nov. 4 (500) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to bring informally to attention of Foreign Office adverse decision of Mexican Supreme Court in Palmolive Company’s suit for infringement of trademark, which decision would appear to violate provisions of article 2 of the Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property.
560
Nov. 5 (351) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Office promise to investigate point raised of possible violation of article 2 and to make informal representations to court if they appear to be justified; inquiry as to interpretation given in United States to article 2.
560
Nov. 7 (505) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Reply to telegram No. 351 of November 5, giving Department’s opinion as to interpretation of article 2.
561
Nov. 12 (1994) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Foreign Office reply of November 11 (text printed) to Embassy’s informal representations in regard to Palmolive Company’s suit, advising that Court decision was that article 2 was not applicable.
561
1930 Jan. 11 (2132) From the Chargé in Mexico
Letter of January 10 from Palmolive Company’s attorneys, enclosing translation of Supreme Court’s decision (texts printed) and stating that they cannot agree that decision gives due compliance to the convention.
562
May 9 (1101) To the Chargé in Mexico
Department’s opinion that Supreme Court decision is contrary to article 2 of convention and to Mexican legislation and will affect adversely American business dealings in Mexico; instructions to try to obtain satisfactory adjustment, avoiding discussion of legal questions if possible; transmittal of a memorandum prepared by the Solicitor’s Office (text printed) regarding statutory and treaty provisions involved.
570
June 6 (2514) From the Chargé in Mexico
Information that Embassy has not complied with Department’s instructions of May 9 because of new Supreme Court decision apparently reversing that in Palmolive Company case, and is awaiting further instructions.
579
June 17 (2555) From the Chargé in Mexico
Translation of Supreme Court decision (text printed) in case of Chickering and Sons vs. Munguia, which seems to be a reversal of the opinion as laid down in Palmolive case.
580
[Page LXIII]

MOROCCO

Representations Regarding American Rights With Respect to Concession by the Tangier Administration in Morocco

[Page LXIV]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 May 19 From the American Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier to the French Resident General in Morocco
Protest against possible granting by the Tangier Legislative Assembly of electric power concession applied for by certain French and Spanish concerns, without public adjudication, in violation of American treaty rights.
587
July 7 From the American Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier to the French Resident General in Morocco
Request for official notification as to whether protest contained in communication of May 19 has been brought to attention of authorities concerned.
588
July 15 (201–D) From the French Minister in Morocco to the American Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Information that contents of letter of May 19 were communicated to Administrator of Zone of Tangier, who gave assurance that sufficient delays would be provided to permit American nationals to participate in adjudications for supplies for the equipment of the concessionary enterprise on equal basis with other competitors.
588
July 18 From the American Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier to the French Resident General in Morocco
Dissatisfaction with assurances of opportunity to bid on contract for materials and supplies only; request that proper authorities be informed as to the necessity for full and entire observance of provisions of Act of Algeciras and related regulations in the awarding of this or any other contract or concession by the Tangier Administration.
589
Aug. 26 (303) To the Ambassador in France
Instructions to discuss with French officials question of prospective violation of Act of Algeciras by Tangier Administration, stating position of U. S. Government in the matter.
(Footnote: The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassadors in Great Britain, Italy, and Spain.)
590
Aug. 26 (607) To the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Approval of action taken and instructions to continue efforts; information that American Missions at London, Paris, Madrid, and Rome have been instructed to take up matter informally with respective Foreign Offices.
591
Aug. 29 (538) From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Account of deliberations of Committee of Control in regard to a resolution passed by Legislative Assembly according concession to Franco-Spanish combine; suggestion that identic notes be addressed to France, Spain, Great Britain, and Italy protesting violation of American treaty rights; letter dated August 25 to the French Resident General (text printed) protesting against further instance of violation of Act of Algeciras.
591
Sept. 10 (1197) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Advice from Foreign Office that legal representative is investigating British position in regard to illegal action of Tangier Administration; informal advice that the British favor open adjudication of contracts and will support American position.
598
Sept. 23 (175) From the Ambassador in Spain
Informal interview with Ministry of State official, who stated that concession in question was not a new one but an amplification of one already existing.
598
Sept. 24 (293D) From the French Minister in Morocco to the American Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Explanations in reply to Diplomatic Agent’s protest of August 25 against apparent violation of Act of Algeciras in granting of a certain supplies contract.
599
Sept. 25 (1229) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Further Foreign Office report indicating agreement with U. S. Government’s position; information that British Government has taken no position, however, but is awaiting a note which is being prepared by the French Government, apparently justifying actions of French Administrator of Tangier Zone.
600
Sept. 26 (537) From the Ambassador in Italy
Discussion with Foreign Office of question of Tangier concession, and advice that Italian Government does not feel called upon to issue any instructions in matter at this time.
601
Nov. 19 (1406) From, the Ambassador in Great Britain
Foreign Office note reconsidering the British position, and proposing possibility of compromise grant to Franco-Spanish merger in the interests of the Tangier Zone.
601

Inability of an American Company To Waive Capitulatory Rights Enjoyed by the United States in Morocco

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Mar. 3 (477) From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Inquiry by French firm as to possibility of waiver of capitulatory rights in Morocco by an American concern.
602
April 3 (586) To the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Advice that an American company has no authority to waive capitulatory rights, as only the United States Government has that power.
603

Restrictions on Missionary Activities in the French Zone in Morocco

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Nov. 7 (559) From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Protest by an American missionary against opposition by French authorities to work of American missionaries in Morocco; request for instructions as to measure of support to be given to such appeals.
603
Dec. 8 (616) To the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Instructions, if it appears that restrictions have been applied to all nationalities and with no discrimination against American missionaries, and if measures seem reasonable and necessary, to advise American missionaries to conform to the restrictions of the French authorities.
604
[Page LXV]

Negotiations Concerning Claims and Proposed Recognition by the United States of the Spanish Zone in Morocco

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Jan. 18 (5) To the Ambassador in Spain
Attitude of Department regarding settlement of American claims in Spanish Zone of Morocco; request for suggestions before further action is taken.
(Copy to the Diplomatic Agent at Tangier.)
605
Feb. 27 (49) From the Ambassador in Spain
Note dated January 22 (text printed) from the Spanish Secretary General of Foreign Affairs, conciliatory in tone but making no real concessions, except minor ones in second class of claims.
(Copy of despatch and enclosure to Diplomatic Agent at Tangier.)
607
Mar. 13 (584) To the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Reasons for rejection of proposal to make payment of awards to Spanish claimants contingent upon settlement of American claims in Spanish Morocco; belief that a request for restitution by Spanish Government of taxes illegally collected from American citizens and protégés in Spanish Morocco would be inexpedient at the present time.
(Copy to Embassy in Spain.)
616
Aug. 6 (75) To the Ambassador in Spain
Instructions to present aide-mémoire to Spanish authorities stating U. S. Government’s views in matter of American claims in Spanish Morocco as outlined in this and previous instructions.
(Copy to Diplomatic Agent at Tangier.)
617
Aug. 7 (77) To the Ambassador in Spain
Instructions to advise Spanish authorities that application of certain Dahirs to American nationals and protégés in Spanish Zone of Morocco cannot be admitted until this Government has accorded its recognition of Spanish Zone, which recognition is contingent upon equitable settlement of American claims in that region.
619
Sept. 23 (174) From the Ambassador in Spain
Conversation with Spanish Under Secretary of State in effort to reach an understanding in matter of American claims in Spanish Zone in Morocco and Spanish desire for recognition of their sphere of influence; desire to discuss matter at Department in Washington during leave in October.
620

NETHERLANDS

Arbitration Treaty Between the United States and the Netherlands, Signed January 13, 1930

[Page LXVI]
Date and number Subject Page
1929 May 9 (1333) From the Netherlands Minister
Request for certain changes in terminology of proposed U. S.–Netherlands arbitration treaty.
622
June 14 To the Netherlands Minister
Nonagreement with certain changes suggested in aide-mémoires No. 1949, of June 27, 1928, and No. 1333 of May 9, 1929.
624
Aug. 29 (3160) From the Netherlands Legation
Willingness to accept text of treaty as proposed by United States; request for exchange of notes at the time of signature of the treaty in regard to interpretation of article I.
627
Nov. 23 To the Netherlands Legation
Agreement with proposed interpretation of article I and inquiry if this is sufficient assurance; nonobjection to exchange of notes, however, if Netherlands Government deems it necessary.
630
Dec. 10 (4274) From the Netherlands Legation
Information that Netherlands Government regards statement of November 23 as sufficient assurance of the interpretatation and does not insist upon exchange of notes; information that full power for Netherlands Minister to sign the treaty will be forwarded as soon as possible, as well as the Dutch language text of treaty.
631
Dec. 30 To the Netherlands Legation
Acknowledgment of Netherlands Legation’s note of December 10, 1929.
632
1930 Jan. 13 Treaty Between the United States of America and the Netherlands
Text of arbitration treaty signed at Washington.
633

NICARAGUA

Assistance by the United States in the Supervision of Elections in Nicaragua

[Page LXVII][Page LXVIII][Page LXIX]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 May 8 (39) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Designation of Captain Alfred Wilkinson Johnson, U. S. Navy, for appointment as Chairman of National Board of Elections of Nicaragua; information that Department is considering necessary changes in 1923 electoral law.
636
May 9 (53) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that President Moncada is pleased with designation of Captain Johnson, and that an extra session of Congress will be convened in June to consider changes in electoral law.
636
May 10 (55) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Inquiry by ex-President Diaz as to whether United States will supervise Nicaraguan elections; suggestion that Department’s intentions be made public in Washington immediately.
637
May 12 (41) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Press release for publication May 13 (text printed) regarding supervision of Nicaraguan Congressional elections.
637
May 24 (61) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Appointment by Supreme Court of Captain Johnson as President of National Board of Elections.
638
June 13 To the Personal Representative of the President in Nicaragua
Transmittal to Captain Johnson of commission as Personal Representative of the President of the United States in Nicaragua, with the rank of Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary.
638
June 25 (75) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Opinion of President Moncada that amendments to electoral law should be made by Executive decree and not submitted to Congress, because of his belief that Congress would consult Supreme Court on question of constitutionality, and the court would give adverse opinion.
639
June 27 (58) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to discuss fully with President Moncada the question of amendment of electoral law, and to report telegraphically.
640
June 29 (76) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Memorandum by President Moncada and the Minister of Fomento (text printed) of principal points in favor of amendment of electoral law by Executive decree.
640
June 30 (77) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Belief that plan to make amendments by Executive decree will meet with opposition among President’s advisers, and that he may change his attitude.
643
July 2 [81] From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Request of President Moncada that the Minister and Captain Johnson confer informally with Supreme Court members in regard to plan for amending electoral law, and advise him as to conclusions reached.
643
July 3 (61) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Attitude of Department that final decision as to method of amending electoral law rests with Nicaraguan Government, but desire that all measures affecting election shall be free from possibility of serious challenge; instructions to deliver proposed amendments to President Moncada either now or after discussion with Captain Johnson upon his arrival.
643
July 11 (85) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Meeting of Minister, Captain Johnson, and seven members of Supreme Court, at which prevailing opinion was that amendments should be made by Executive decree.
644
July 22 (90) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Report of satisfactory agreement with Nicaraguan authorities regarding amendments to electoral law, which will be promulgated by Executive decree if Department approves.
645
July 23 (70) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Approval of action reported in telegram No. 90 of July 22.
645
Aug. 13 (103) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Message from Captain Johnson (text printed) stating intention to follow principle of free and fair election, which will necessitate issuing of amnesty decree and other guarantees by President Moncada; request for Department’s concurrence.
645
Aug. 15 (107) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Provisions of amnesty decree to be made public by President Moncada in near future.
(Footnote: Information that decree was made public on August 20.)
647
Aug. 15 (122) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Discussion at Legation regarding cooperation of marines and Guardia with the electoral mission, and decision that every effort should be made to afford necessary protection without increasing marine force.
648
Aug. 16 (84) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Concurrence in views expressed in telegram No. 103, August 13; authorization to remind President Moncada again, if considered advisable, of the serious responsibility which this Government has assumed by cooperating in electoral problems and of the necessity that conditions pertaining to the elections should be free from possibility of challenge in the future.
650
Aug. 18 (124) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Report of arrival of Captain Johnson, who took oath as Chairman of National Board of Elections on July 3; transmittal of changes in electoral law; information that under amended law, registrations will be held on September 21, 24, and 28, and elections on November 2.
651
Sept. 27 (98) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Explanation, given in reply to a query by Nicaraguan Minister in connection with municipal elections, that American Minister and Captain Johnson are fully authorized to cooperate in dealing with these questions in so far as they bear on national elections; request for report on present status of matter.
652
Sept. 29 (124) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that attitude of Legation and Captain Johnson has been as stated by Department to Nicaraguan Minister and that matter is now ended; assurance by Captain Johnson that municipal situation will not impair fairness of Congressional elections.
652
Oct. 8 (106) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Attitude of Department in regard to effect of difficulties in municipal elections on Congressional elections.
653
Oct. 11 (191) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Information that municipal election situation terminated on September 27, and that Department’s views were explained to Conservative leader who agreed that situation would not prevent guaranteeing of free elections by electoral mission.
653
Nov. 3 (139) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Report that Congressional elections were held throughout country on November 2 without disorder.
654
Nov. 6 (145) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Report on election returns, showing gains by Liberals.
655
Nov. 14 (155) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Report on evacuation of personnel of electoral mission and additional marines who assisted in election supervision.
655
Nov. 21 From the Chairman of the American Electoral Mission
Information that official report to Nicaraguan Congress of election results has been sent to Minister of Gobernacion, and a copy to American Minister, and that final report on political and military situation is being delivered to State Department by official courier.
655

Proposals for Amending the Agreement Establishing the Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua and for Reducing Its Expenses

[Page LXX]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 Apr. 18 (50) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that annual budget now before Congress contains a reduced estimate for the Guardia, which will provide for a force of approximately 1,500 men.
656
Apr. 19 (37) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to suggest to President Moncada, or Foreign Minister, advisability of withholding final action on budget until Department’s views, which are being forwarded by air mail, can be presented.
657
[Apr. 19] (4) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Instructions to discuss with Nicaraguan Government question of adequate financial support for Guardia Nacional, including means of supplying funds, and of reducing costs. Desire that situation regarding amended Guardia agreement be taken up again with Nicaraguan Government.
657
May 23 (45) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Memorandum transmitted to President Moncada on May 5, and draft notes to be exchanged by Nicaraguan Government and American Minister (texts printed) covering the amendments to the Guardia agreement to which Department has raised objections; information that after discussion with President Moncada, a new draft was made of note from Nicaraguan Government to include certain changes desired by the President.
659
May 30 (63) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that President Moncada has approved draft note as amended and will instruct Foreign Office to submit note.
668
June 7 (49) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Authorization to proceed with exchange of notes as proposed.
668
June 26 (72) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Nonacceptance of draft note by Nicaraguan Government because of objections of Supreme Court to certain portions; revised draft (excerpt printed) submitted with understanding that it is to be subject to Department’s approval.
669
July 18 (68) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to continue discussions and keep Department informed.
672
July 30 (73) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Inquiry by Dr. Carazo, Counselor of Nicaraguan Legation, as to whether Guardia salaries could be reduced in accordance with 20 percent reduction of all Government salaries being planned in economic crisis; instructions to consult with General McDougal and cable views.
672
Aug. 2 (97) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Belief that understanding regarding Guardia agreement should be reached before taking up question of salary reduction.
672
Aug. 8 (80) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Concurrence in opinion expressed in Legation’s telegram No. 97 of August 2, and intention to inform Dr. Carazo accordingly.
674
Aug. 9 (100) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Hope that Department’s message to Dr. Carazo will not be transmitted by the Nicaraguan Legation in a form which would prove irritating to President Moncada.
674
Aug. 11 (81) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Authorization to take such steps as appear desirable to prevent President Moncada’s misunderstanding the Department’s attitude.
674
Nov. 7 (222) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Delivery of message from U. S. Secretary of State to President Moncada, dated November 6 (text printed), containing suggestions for reducing cost of Guardia in which U. S. Government is willing to cooperate.
675
Nov. 7 (33) From the President of Nicaragua
Résumé of conditions affecting maintenance of Guardia and plan for annual allotment of $800,000 to provide for Guardia force of 1,700 men.
679
Nov. 24 (89) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Letter from the Secretary of State to President of Nicaragua (text printed) agreeing to reduction of Guardia forces to 160 officers and 1,650 men, an annual budget allotment of $799,652, with specified additional allotments for Military Academy and prison maintenance, and willingness to agree to salary reductions for officers who will serve in Guardia in future.
683
Dec. 13 (268) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Transmittal of copy of communication from President Moncada to General McDougal, dated December 10, accepting suggestions made in Secretary’s letter of November 24, transmitted in instruction No. 89.
691
Dec. 16 (274) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Transmittal of copy of General McDougal’s reply to President Moncada’s letter of December 10, submitting plan for carrying into effect proposed reduction in strength of Guardia.
692
[Page LXXI]

NICARAGUA

Assistance of the Department of State in Reorganizing the Finances of Nicaragua

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Jan. 28 (9) To the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that Nicaraguan Minister has terminated negotiations with Otis and Company and that he is understood to be negotiating with Bank of Manhattan and Trust Company.
693
Apr. 16 From the Vice President of the International Manhattan Company
Advice that International Acceptance Bank, Inc., has been appointed American Depositary and Fiscal Agent of the National Bank of Nicaragua and the Pacific Railroad of Nicaragua, in an informal agreement which may be terminated at any time by either side.
694

Disapprobation by the Department of State of Proposed Constitutional Amendments To Extend the Term of Officials at the Time in Office

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Mar. 14 [13?] (32) From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Request for instructions as to attitude to be taken in regard to project for partial reform of the Constitution reported to have been introduced in Senate which provides, among other things, for extension of term of office of various officials now in office.
695
Mar. 14 (33) From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Opinion that reform project of character proposed could not be introduced without knowledge of President Moncada, or passed without his consent.
696
Mar. 15 (29) To the Chargé in Nigaragua (tel.)
Instructions to advise President Moncada informally that the adoption of amendment extending term of officials at the time in office would be unwelcome to United States Government.
697
Mar. 18 (38) From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Delivery of Department’s message to President Moncada, who said he could not intervene in matter; proposal to make informal and friendly suggestion to Moncada for substitution, in place of present project, of one embodying essential and desirable reforms agreed upon by both parties.
697
Mar. 28 (41) From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Statement issued by Conservative Party (text printed) declaring inability of Party to accept amendments to Constitution being discussed in Senate.
699
May 10 (53) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that regular session of Congress ended May 9 and that proposed amendments to Constitution have not been approved.
699
[Page LXXII]

Concern of the Department of State Over Repressive Measures of President Moncada

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Dec. 9 (262) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Arrest and detention of number of Nicaraguans all said to be members of Conservative Party, by President Moncada’s order, without formal charges, and expulsion of several; indications that President Moncada fears plot against his life.
700
Dec. 16 (270) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Reference by President Moncada in his message to Congress (excerpt printed) to recent arrest and expulsion of several Nicaraguans for complicity in disturbing public order; manifesto of Executive Committee of Conservative Party (text printed) protesting these arbitrary acts.
703
1931 Jan. 3 (108) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Concern of U. S. Government, in view of its active military cooperation in Nicaragua, over situation reported; instructions to request President Moncada to discontinue arrests and deportations based on mere suspicion and to employ ordinary processes of law against suspected persons.
708

Agreement Between the United States and Nicaragua Regarding Transportation for United States Army Engineers and Survey of a Railroad Route

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Feb. 11 (1317) From the Chargé in Nicaragua
Notes exchanged between Legation and Foreign Office (texts printed) concerning agreement under which Nicaraguan Government will grant free transportation to United States Army Engineers in Nicaragua in return for which Engineers will carry out survey of rail route from Lake Nicaragua to Atlantic Coast.
709

NORWAY

Treaty Between the United States and Norway for Exemption From Military Service or Other Act of Allegiance of Persons Having Dual Nationality, Signed November 1, 1930

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Mar. 10 (1602) From the Minister in Norway
Willingness of Norwegian Government to enter into special agreement exempting certain persons having dual nationality from military duty, in accordance with wishes of United States Government.
711
May 6 (517) To the Minister in Norway
Instructions to suggest to Norwegian Government that proposed agreement be put into a treaty, as powers granted Congress under Constitution preclude conclusion of any international agreement on this subject by Executive power only.
712
Nov. 1 Treaty Between the United States of America and Norway
Text of treaty signed at Oslo.
713
[Page LXXIII]

PANAMA

Authorization to the Panamanian Government To Remove the Statue of Columbus From the Grounds of the Washington Hotel at Colon

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Apr. 26 (37) From the Minister in Panama
Suggestion that moment appears propitious for transfer to Panama of statue of Columbus now standing on grounds owned by United States.
715
May 29 (29) To the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Nonobjection to immediate removal of Columbus statue, and authorization to inform Panamanian Government accordingly.
717
June 5 (81) From the Minister in Panama
Note to Panamanian Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, May 31, conveying information that U. S. Government agrees to transfer of Columbus Statue, and reply, June 3, expressing appreciation (texts printed).
717

PERU

Revolution in Peru

[Page LXXIV][Page LXXV][Page LXXVI][Page LXXVII][Page LXXVIII][Page LXXIX]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 Aug. 22 (143) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Revolt of artillery regiment near Arequipa in south against President Leguía.
720
Aug. 23 (144) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Presidential decree closing port of Mollendo, which has also been taken by revolutionists, to all merchant vessels, and closing city of Arequipa to commercial air traffic; despatch of planes to drop literature, but not to bomb revolutionists.
720
Aug. 24 (146) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Anti-Government demonstrations in north; rumors of resignation of President Leguía and Cabinet and creation of new military Cabinet; efforts to inquire concerning safety of two American citizens held by revolutionists—Captain Grow, reserve officer on inactive duty under private contract with Peruvian Government, and Faucett, of Faucett Aviation Company, a Peruvian corporation.
721
Aug. 25 (147) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Efforts of President and officers to select governing junta from Army and Navy.
722
Aug. 25 (148) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Resignation of President Leguía and report that he has departed, with family and military suite, on cruiser Almirante Grau; assumption of control by military Junta which Colonel Sanchez Cerro in Arequipa is being invited to join.
722
Aug. 25 (149) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Report that President Leguía has raised the Presidential flag on the Almirante Grau, which is now anchored off San Lorenzo Island near Callao, and has radioed Naval College at La Punta that he is President and his orders should be obeyed.
723
Aug. 25 (151) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Request by diplomatic body for Junta’s assurance of protection for their nationals, business interests, and diplomatic missions; information that asylum has been granted by the missions to a number of refugees; belief that American naval force should be sent to protect American lives and interests.
723
Aug. 25 (88) To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Appreciation of recent reports; instructions to exert appropriate efforts to effect release of Grow.
724
Aug. 26 (153) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Message from President Leguía that he did not desire to return to power but was acting in hope of maintaining a constitutional government in Peru which could continue to be recognized by United States; decree just issued by Junta giving the Grau 48 hours to submit to new regime.
724
Aug. 26 (155) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Report from Arequipa as to safety of Grow and Faucett; efforts of diplomatic corps to obtain assurances from Junta that Mr. Leguía’s life will be protected.
725
Aug. 27 (89) To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Approval of efforts in behalf of safety of ex-President Leguía.
727
Aug. 27 (157) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Discussions with British, Chilean, Argentine, and Brazilian colleagues as to advisability of having Chilean, British, and U. S. war vessels come to Callao.
727
Aug. 27 (158) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Information that Junta is resigning in favor of Sanchez Cerro, just arrived from Arequipa; intention to discuss with him advantage of continuing as successor to Leguía Government, maintaining constitutional continuity, rather than attempting to carry on as de facto government; request for telegraphic instructions.
728
Aug. 27 (159) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Suggestion that efforts to save Leguía’s life would be assisted by creation in Washington of favorable press sentiment on basis of humanity apart from political aspects of situation.
729
Aug. 28 (161) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Decree published in morning press (text printed) creating new military Junta headed by Sanchez Cerro, who arrived in Lima in plane piloted by Faucett.
730
Aug. 29 (93) To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Disinclination to send American war vessel to Peruvian waters; willingness to consider matter further if American lives appear to be in imminent danger.
730
Aug. 29 (94) To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Desire of Department to avoid interference in internal affairs of Peru; instructions to make no suggestions regarding constitution of new government.
731
Aug. 29 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Discussion with Peruvian Ambassador, who brought up question of recognition of new Government; advice to him that in question of recognition it would be necessary to consider, among other things, whether members of former Government were properly protected from persecution and mob violence.
731
Aug. 29 (95) To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Hope that new authorities at Lima will deal with members of former Government so as to reflect credit on Government and people of Peru in eyes of the world; authorization to show telegram to Sanchez Cerro unless considered inadvisable.
733
Aug. 29 (166) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Establishment of cordial relations between diplomatic body and present Government, with understanding that no question of recognition is implied.
733
Aug. 29 (167) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Question of disposition of persons granted asylum by various diplomatic missions; information that most of South American representatives will follow provisions of Treaty of Montevideo; recommendation that Department authorize same procedure in cases of persons sheltered in American Embassy.
734
Aug. 29 (169) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Account of certain difficulties in connection with Grow case and request for immediate instructions as to Department’s view of his legal status and any further directions.
735
Aug. 30 [29?] (170) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Intention to comply strictly with instructions contained in Department’s telegram No. 94, August 29.
736
Aug. 29 (171) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Informal and friendly interview with Colonel Montagne, Secretary for Foreign Affairs, who gave assurances as to safety of Grow and an American engineer, Sutton, who has also been arrested.
736
Aug. 29 (172) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Belief that in view of strong feeling against Leguía regime any appeals for his safety must be phrased carefully; suggested communication for Sanchez Cerro (text printed) in accordance with Department’s telegram No. 95, August 29.
736
Aug. 30 (96) To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Approval of proposed change in wording contained in telegram No. 172, August 29.
737
Aug. 30 (97) To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Information that Grow appears to be in same position as any other private American citizen; desire that Embassy should continue to make all appropriate efforts for release of Grow and Sutton.
737
Aug. 30 (175) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Inquiry whether to follow previous directions from Department to effect Grow’s release, or the press report (text printed) that Department desires only that Grow be given a fair hearing by local authorities.
738
Aug. 30 (93) [99?] To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Authorization to proceed with arrangements for political refugees along informal lines and to make no effort to justify action under any formal treaty or convention.
738
Aug. 30 (42) To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Instructions to express to President Olaya gratification at message conveyed through Colombian Chargé that Colombian Government would gladly cooperate with United States and other Governments in friendly representations to protect the life of Leguía.
739
Aug. 30 (100) To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Attitude of Department that, while welcoming action of other American Governments to prevent execution of political prisoners, it does not feel it advisable to take part in joint representations.
739
Aug. 30 (177) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Opinion that assurances received as to Grow’s safety are satisfactory; receipt of permission to dispatch clothing to him.
740
Sept. 1 (178) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Decision of diplomatic body to make no further representations in behalf of Leguía other than to send the dean to the new Foreign Minister to remind him of the diplomatic body’s previous action with the former Junta; information that Leguía is to be moved to San Lorenzo Island.
740
Sept. 1 (179) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Decision to act independently of other missions in arrangements for refugees who were given asylum in the Embassy.
741
Sept. 1 (182) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Information that Leguía and Juan Leguía have been taken to San Lorenzo Island, and that Dr. MacCornack accompanied them because of the condition of Leguía’s health.
741
Sept. 2 (52) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that Brazilian Government is not sympathetic to Cuban proposal for joint representations to Peru for lenient measures toward ex-President Leguía, believing that individual representations will be more effective.
742
Sept. 2 (183) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Doubt as to advisability of joining in formal representation to Peruvian authorities to send Leguía out of the country.
742
Sept. 3 (184) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Issuance of decree whereby military Junta assumes executive and legislative powers; press announcement of mutual recognition between Juntas of Bolivia and Peru.
743
Sept. 3 (103) To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Instructions to obtain definite indication of action which de facto authorities propose to take with regard to Grow and Sutton.
743
Sept. 4 (186) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Discussion of Grow and Sutton cases with Foreign Minister, who stated that there were further accusations against Grow besides airplane expedition.
744
Sept. 4 (104) To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Concurrence in view as to inadvisability of formal joint representations to Peruvian authorities regarding Leguía; instructions not to communicate with de facto authorities unless considered necessary to save lives of political prisoners.
746
Sept. 5 (188) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Arbitrary attitude of Peruvian authorities in classification of political refugees; committee named by diplomatic body to try to devise basic formula for similar but individual replies to Foreign Office.
746
Sept. 5 (189) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Intention to make vigorous protest in case of Sutton, if promised notification of charges is not forthcoming, and the same in case of Grow, if there is no action in his regard within next few days.
747
Sept. 6 (190) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Junta’s order for release of Mr. Sutton and Captain Grow, with understanding that legal proceedings will be carried out in usual way.
747
Sept. 9 (193) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Recognition of Junta by Italy and Ecuador.
748
Sept. 9 (196) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Release of Sutton and Grow.
748
Sept. 10 (199) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Desire of Junta to retain services of Admiral Pye and certain other members of American Naval Mission.
748
Sept. 10 (201) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Recognition of Peruvian Government by Chile.
748
Sept. 11 (202) From the Counselor of Embassy (tel.)
Recognition by Paraguay; information that British, French, and Papal representatives have recommended recognition by their respective Governments and that German Minister may do the same.
749
Sept. 11 (203) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Recognition of Junta by the Holy See.
749
Sept. 12 (159) From the Minister in Guatemala
Desire of Guatemalan Foreign Minister to be informed as soon as U. S. decision is taken regarding recognition of Peruvian Government, as he intends to postpone his decision until after that of United States.
749
Sept. 13 (208) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Recognition of Junta by Japan.
749
Sept. 13 (207) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Detailed report on conditions in Peru under Junta and suggestion that early consideration be given question of recognition; belief that advantages are on side of early recognition; request for instructions.
750
Sept. 16 (213) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Recognition of Junta by China and Austria.
755
Sept. 16 (214) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Removal of Leguía and son Juan to jail in Lima; information that question of asylum is still pending and may create serious situation between Government and diplomatic body.
755
Sept. 16 (215) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Announcement by British Chargé that Great Britain will on September 18th simultaneously recognize Juntas in Peru and Argentine Republic and that action is due to information given British Ambassador in Washington that United States would shortly accord recognition to Peru and Argentina.
756
Sept. 16 (109) To the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Instructions to notify Foreign Minister on September 18 of U. S. recognition of new Peruvian Government; information that similar action is being taken in regard to Argentina and Bolivia.
756
Sept. 17 (217) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Recognition of Junta by Germany and Holland.
757
Sept. 17 (111) To the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Instructions to take steps at an early moment to terminate asylum granted by Embassy.
757
Sept. 17 (65) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Authorization to inform Foreign Office that United States will recognize new Government of Peru on September 18.
757
Sept. 17 To the Ambassador in Peru
Appreciation of information contained in telegram No. 207 of September 13.
757
Sept. 18 (220) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Press announcement that Great Britain, France, Spain, Cuba, and Costa Rica have recognized Junta as Government of Peru.
758
Sept. 18 (113) To the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Willingness of Department that members of Naval Mission shall continue to serve Peruvian Government.
758
Sept. 18 (221) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Notification to Foreign Minister of U. S. recognition of new Peruvian Government.
758
Sept. 19 (223) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Information that refugees have departed from Embassy, thus terminating asylum situation.
759
Sept. 19 (224) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Press announcement of recognition of Junta by Argentina, Belgium, Colombia, and Panama; report that Brazil is waiting to see what disposition will be made of Leguía.
759
Sept. 20 (58) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Information that Brazil will recognize Peruvian Government today.
759
Sept. 22 (108) From the Ambassador in Peru
Attitude of Peruvian Navy toward new Government; report by Admiral Pye of satisfactory relations between Naval Mission and new regime.
759

POLAND

Convention Between the United States and Poland for the Prevention of Smuggling of Intoxicating Liquors, Signed June 19, 1930

Date and number Subject Page
1930 May 14 (1512/30) From the Polish Ambassador
Desire of Polish Government to conclude convention with Government of United States to aid in prevention of smuggling of intoxicating liquors into United States; submission of preliminary draft treaty.
761
June 4 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Treaty Division of a Conversation With the Commercial Counselor of the Polish Embassy
Agreement regarding a number of verbal changes which it seemed desirable to make in the draft convention.
761
June 14 To the Polish Ambassador
Willingness of U. S. Government to enter into treaty, and acceptance of draft with indicated verbal changes; likelihood that U. S. Government will wish to take advantage of right granted under article V to propose modifications in terms of treaty, at appropriate time.
762
June 17 (2260/30) From the Polish Ambassador
Acknowledgment of U. S. note of June 14 and accompanying draft treaty; transmittal of Polish text and request that a date be set for signing of convention.
763
June 19 Convention Between the United States of America and Poland
Text of convention signed at Washington.
764

Agreement Between the United States and Poland Regarding Mutual Recognition of Ship Measurement Certificates

[Page LXXX]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 Jan. 17 (1635/29) From the Polish Ambassador
Polish Government’s desire to negotiate agreement with United States regarding reciprocal acceptance of certificates of tonnage measurement in respect to levying of harbor duties and taxes; submittal of documents regarding Polish regulations as to tonnage measurement of vessels.
767
Mar. 14 To the Polish Ambassador
Willingness of U. S. Government to recognize certificates carried by Polish vessels in return for extension of similar recognition to U. S. vessels by Polish authorities; request to be informed when appropriate steps have been taken to effect the reciprocal exemption in favor of U. S. vessels; understanding that this note and Polish reply will constitute agreement.
767
Apr. 22 (1030/30) 1934 From the Polish Ambassador
Acknowledgment of U. S. note of March 14, and advice that Polish Government is being informed that by this exchange of notes the agreement has been concluded; intention to inform U. S. Government when appropriate steps have been taken to effect reciprocal exemption in favor of U. S. vessels.
768
Oct. 5 (99/SZ–3) From the Polish Ambassador
Transmittal of Proclamation, dated July 10, 1930 (text printed), issued by Polish Ministry of Industry and Commerce, stating recognition of tonnage measurement certificates of U. S. vessels equally with Polish certificates.
769

PORTUGAL

Representations by the United States Against the Establishment in Portugal of a Monopoly for the Manufacture of Petroleum Derivatives

[Page LXXXI]
Date and number Subject Page
1929 Nov. 29 (39) From the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
Information that Vacuum Oil Company represents it will be driven out of business in Portugal if newly organized Portuguese company, backed by Atlantic Refining interests, is allowed to exploit monopolistic concession for the manufacture of petroleum derivatives, and that it intends to lay situation before the Department.
770
Dec. 9 (2903) From the Minister in Portugal
Further report from Vacuum Oil Company officials, who were advised to lay the Company’s case before the Department so that suitable instructions could be given.
770
1930 Feb. 3 (11) From the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
Telegram, dated January 31, from local Vacuum Oil Company general manager to New York office (text printed) stressing importance of protest by U. S. Minister to Portuguese Foreign Office on grounds that technical Portuguese character of concessionnaire warrants U. S. Government’s protest in behalf of Vacuum Oil Company.
772
Feb. 5 (8) To the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
Authorization to explain orally to appropriate official that U. S. Government regrets to see monopolies created in other countries which would injure American interests established in good faith; authorization to inform British Ambassador of U. S. position.
773
Feb. 7 (2976) From the Minister in Portugal
Interviews with Portuguese Ministers of Commerce and Foreign Affairs to explain U. S. attitude regarding oil monopoly; indications that action in case will be deferred for time being; information that British Ambassador protested against monopolistic concession as being unfair to British trade.
774
Feb. 26 (16) From the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
Information that application for extension of concession has been denied by Minister of Commerce.
777

Representations Regarding Discriminatory Charges in Portuguese Ports

[Page LXXXII]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 Jan. 6 (1) To the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
Instructions to call to attention of Portuguese Government question of shipping discriminations, such as tariff situation in Angola now threatening American-West African Line; request for comments on wisdom of refusing national treatment to Portuguese ships in United States, which might, however, bring to an end commercial agreement of 1910.
777
Jan. 10 (1065) From the American Minister in Portugal to the Portuguese Minister for Foreign Affairs
Representations concerning loss to American-West African Line on shipping to Angola because of discriminations; hope that means can be found to settle this controversial question.
778
Jan. 11 (3) From the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
Information that several countries are planning action in question of shipping discriminations, and opinion that results should be awaited before any reprisals are planned; view that benefits of 1910 agreement should not be sacrificed without being sure of greater advantages.
779
Jan. 29 (2962) From the Minister in Portugal
Belief that early favorable results in shipping situation cannot be expected, but that until commercial treaty can be negotiated, disadvantages of discontinuing 1910 agreement would outweigh any advantages that might be gained.
780
Feb. 12 (2980) From the Minister in Portugal
Information that new customs tariff which went into effect in Portugal on January 6, 1930, did not alter customs tariff of Angola.
781
Mar. 21 (3027) From the Chargé in Portugal
British proposal for similar representations by interested powers on subject of flag discrimination. Suggestion that Department follow up its note No. 1065 of January 10 with further note quoting passages from statement by Secretary Hughes in 1923 (excerpts printed) regarding policy of United States.
782
Apr. 11 (21) From the Minister in Portugal
Copy of French note protesting against shipping discriminations sent to Portuguese Foreign Minister on April 3; information that similar notes have been sent by British, Dutch, Italian, Norwegian, and German representatives.
784
July 11 (105) From the Minister in Portugal
Note from Foreign Minister, July 8 (text printed), replying to Legation’s note No. 1065, January 10, and stating that Portuguese Government is investigating matter of shipping discrimination in hope of finding a more satisfactory system.
784

Amelioration of Legislation Affecting American Religious Missions in Portuguese East Africa

Date and number Subject Page
1929 Nov. 8 To the Vice Consul at Lourengo Marques, Mozambique
Lack of basis for representations concerning legislative enactment in Portuguese East Africa affecting religious missions; authorization to point out to authorities, on grounds of comity, objections of American missionaries to these regulations and hope that action will be reconsidered.
785
1930 Jan. 14 To the Vice Consul at Lourengo Marques, Mozambique (tel.)
Instructions to take up again with Governor General matter of legislation affecting religious missions in Mozambique.
787
Jan. 14 (2) To the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
Instructions to confer with Foreign Office in sense of Department’s instruction to Lourenco Marques of November 8, 1929.
787
Jan. 15 (4) From the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
Information that decree objected to by foreign missions has been indefinitely suspended.
787
Jan. 20 From the Vice Consul at Lourengo Marques, Mozambique (tel.)
Information that British Consul General has received telegraphic instructions from London that Portuguese Government has suspended mission laws and instructed Governor General to adjust dispute with Consuls and missionaries.
788

RUMANIA

Provisional Commercial Agreement Between the United States and Rumania Providing for Most-Favored-Nation Treatment, Signed August 20, 1930

[Page LXXXIII][Page LXXXIV]
Date and number Subject Page
1930 Jan. 16 (3) From the Minister in Rumania (tel.)
Advice from Foreign Office that owing to numerous commercial treaties under negotiation, Rumanian Government will not be able to begin negotiations with United States until February, at which time it is desired also to conclude a consular convention.
789
Jan. 21 (3) To the Minister in Rumania (tel.)
Assumption that time for conclusion of treaty will be extended in view of postponement of negotiations until February; belief that need for commercial treaty is more pressing and that negotiations for new consular convention should be subordinated.
789
Feb. 17 (6) From the Minister in Rumania (tel.)
Information, received orally from Foreign Office, that time for conclusion of treaty will be extended until May 1 and further if necessary.
790
Feb. 24 (686/P–26) From the Rumanian Chargé
Desire of Rumanian Government to have agreement according mutual unconditional most-favored-nation treatment in customs matters, signed February 26, 1926, remain in force until May 1 instead of March 1.
790
Feb. 27 To the Rumanian Chargé
Willingness of U. S. Government that agreement referred to shall remain in force until May 1, 1930.
(Footnote: Agreement later extended from May 1 to July 1, 1930.)
791
June 6 (13) From the Minister in Rumania (tel.)
Information from Foreign Office that proposals will be made for exchange of notes providing for indefinite extension of time for negotiation of commercial treaties not yet concluded.
791
July 1 (22) From the Minister in Rumania (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s proposal to conclude general provisional agreement to be valid until regular treaty can be concluded.
791
July 3 (14) To the Minister in Rumania (tel.)
Advice for Foreign Office that U. S. Government agrees, in accordance with Rumanian desire, that agreement of February 26, 1926, shall remain in force until September 1, 1930; request for report as soon as practicable, on exact nature of Rumanian proposals for new provisional agreement.
792
July 5 (24) From the Minister in Rumania (tel.)
Information that draft provisional agreement is in form of a treaty, with clause requiring ratification omitted; unwillingness of Rumanian Government to consent to arrangement by exchange of notes, as not allowable under tariff law.
792
July 5 (461) From the Minister in Rumania
Rumanian draft of provisional agreement (text printed).
793
July 9 (15) To the Minister in Rumania (tel.)
Information that Department will send detailed instructions after study of provisions of draft agreement; comment that commercial agreement of 1926 with Latvia affords precedent for concluding agreement in present form without Senate approval.
795
July 28 (17) To the Minister in Rumania (tel.)
Instructions to endeavor to obtain agreement to certain changes in Rumanian draft agreement.
795
Aug. 4 (29) From the Minister in Rumania (tel.)
Acceptance by Rumanian Government of proposed changes, with exception of proposal for national treatment for shipping instead of most-favored-nation, and change in wording of subdivision (c), article 4.
797
Aug. 5 (30) From the Minister in Rumania (tel.)
Information that Rumanian Government now agrees to accept Department’s wording of subdivision (c), article 4.
798
Aug. 7 (19) To the Minister in Rumania (tel.)
Willingness of Department to withdraw proposal for national treatment of shipping on understanding that it does not prejudice U. S. position on question of principle involved or right to propose inclusion of such provision in definitive treaty.
798
Aug. 20 Agreement Between the United States of America and Rumania
Text of provisional commercial agreement signed at Bucharest.
799

Attitude of the Department of State Relative to Matters Concerning the Status of Bessarabia

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Feb. 18 From the Rumanian Legation
Aide-mémoire reviewing history and present status of Bessarabia; Rumanian desire for U. S. recognition of de facto status of Bessarabia.
801
Aug. 22 (3650/P–8) From the Rumanian Minister
Request for reply to aide-mémoire of February 18.
805
Oct. 1 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Near Eastern Affairs Conversation with Rumanian Chargé d’Affaires concerning status of Bessarabia, in which it was agreed that no useful purpose would be served by discussing the matter at the present time, when there was no clear motivation for such action. 805

SPAIN

Arrangement Between the United States and Spain Granting Relief From Double Income Tax on Shipping Profits

[Page LXXXV]
Date and number Subject Page
1929 Feb. 9 (79–11) From the Spanish Ambassador
Request for transmittal to Treasury Department of Rapport containing Spanish legislation on subject of exemption of foreign ships from payment of income tax, so that Spain may be included in U. S. Treasury List of Nations granting equivalent exemption of foreign shipping in accordance with provisions of Revenue Act of 1921.
808
Sept. 26 To the Spanish Chargé
Information that communication has been received from the Treasury Department (excerpt printed) stating that question of reciprocal exemption from taxation of Spanish ships is under consideration.
808
1930 Apr. 5 To the Spanish Ambassador
Communication from Treasury Department (excerpts printed) expressing opinion that Spain meets reciprocal exemption provisions of Revenue Acts of 1921, 1924, and 1926.
809
Apr. 16 (84–15) From the Spanish Ambassador
Request that appropriate instructions be given authorities respecting Treasury decision.
811
June 10 To the Spanish Ambassador
Communication from Treasury Department (excerpt printed) stating that Collector of Internal Revenue at New York was advised on April 23 of Treasury decision regarding exemption of Spanish nationals from income tax on income from Spanish ships under Revenue Acts of 1921, 1924, 1926, and 1928.
812

Negotiations Concerning the American Embargo Against Spanish Fruits and Vegetables Affected by the Mediterranean Fruit Fly

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Apr. 22 (84–18) From the Spanish Ambassador
Reiteration of request to know whether, if Spain conducts a campaign similar to that carried on in Florida against the fruit fly, the total embargo against Spanish fruits could be replaced by regulations such as those to which Florida fruits are subject in interstate commerce.
813
June 24 To the Spanish Ambassador
Feeling that present situation in Spain is so different from that in Florida that Spanish request for lifting of embargo could not be granted without endangering American fruit industry.
815

SWEDEN

Special Agreement Between the United States and Sweden for the Arbitration of Claims Growing Out of the Alleged Detention of the Motorships “Kronprins Gustaf Adolf” and “Pacific,” Signed December 17, 1930

[Page LXXXVI]
Date and number Subject Page
1927 June 16 From the Swedish Minister
Claim of Swedish Government on behalf of Swedish corporation on account of detention of Swedish motorships Kronprins Gustaf Adolf and Pacific in 1917–1918, contrary to treaty provisions, through refusal of War Trade Board to grant export licenses.
818
1928 June 13 To the Swedish Minister
U. S. position that allegation that United States, through the War Trade Board, detained Kronprins Gustaf Adolf and Pacific finds no support in record presented to Department, and that claim must be rejected for lack of legal basis.
822
Oct. 31 From the Swedish Minister
Observations by Swedish Government in reply to U. S. note of June 13, 1928, and hope that claim can be reconsidered and favorable conclusion reached; request, in case favorable conclusion should not result, for submission of controversy to arbitration.
829
1929 June 14 From the Swedish Minister
Summary of situation regarding claim for detention of Swedish vessels; hope that soundness of claim will be recognized and that agreement can be reached regarding damages, thus avoiding necessity for arbitration.
836
1930 July 1 To the Swedish Minister
Understanding that Swedish Minister is to discuss with his Government proposal for possible submission of Swedish claim to a neutral tribunal.
839
Oct. 17 From the Swedish Minister
Readiness to discuss terms of submission and personnel of tribunal; draft of main points of a compromise drawn up by Foreign Office (text printed).
840
Nov. 14 To the Swedish Minister
Proposed draft convention.
(Footnote: Swedish Government’s acceptance of draft.)
841
Dec. 17 Special Agreement Between the United States of America and Sweden
Text of agreement signed at Washington for the arbitration of claims growing out of the alleged detention of the Motorships Kronprins Gustaf Adolf and Pacific.
(Note: Arbitrator’s decision of July 18, 1932, that U. S. Government did not detain the Swedish vessels in contravention of the Swedish-American treaties of 1783 and 1827.)
842

Arrangement Between the United States and Sweden Regarding Reciprocal Exemption of Pleasure Yachts From All Navigation Dues

Date and number Subject Page
1929 Dec. 12 (127) To the Chargé in Sweden
Instructions to invite attention of Swedish authorities to charges assessed against American yacht Cyprus and to suggest, pending ratification of proposed commercial treaty, an agreement to accord to American yachts in Swedish ports treatment in matter of payment of various port charges reciprocal to that enjoyed now by Swedish vessels calling at U. S. ports.
845
1930 Oct. 29 (155) From the Chargé in Sweden
Exchange of notes between the Chargé and the Foreign Minister (texts printed) which will serve as agreement suggested in Department’s No. 127, December 12, 1929.
846
[Page LXXXVII]

TURKEY

Proposed Treaty of Establishment and Sojourn Between the United States and Turkey

[Page LXXXVIII][Page LXXXIX]
Date and number Subject Page
1929 Oct. 2 (62) From the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Willingness of Turks to conclude brief convention of residence and establishment containing a single article (text printed); request for provisional telegraphic instructions in care of Legation at Berne.
852
Oct. 21 (123) To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)
For Ambassador Grew: Department’s preference that negotiations for convention of establishment and residence be postponed until after ratification of recently signed treaty of commerce and navigation.
853
1930 Mar. 17 (15) To the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Authorization to advise Turkish Government confidentially that U. S. Government is willing to negotiate brief treaty of residence and sojourn embodying Turkish formula; preference that signature of treaty take place after the first of October for presentation to Senate when it reconvenes in December.
853
Mar. 18 (19) From the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Intention to be guided by circumstances in use of Department’s instructions in telegram No. 15, March 17.
854
Apr. 7 (994) From the Ambassador in Turkey
Frank explanation to Foreign Minister of situation regarding negotiation of treaty of residence and establishment; Foreign Minister’s willingness to postpone negotiations until September or October.
854
Aug. 30 (46) To the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Authorization to initiate negotiations next October; suggested text (text printed) closely following Turkish formula; addition of words “entry and sojourn” to provide for continued entry into United States of Turkish businessmen, as enjoyed at present under Immigration Act of 1924, Section 3 (6).
855
Sept. 17 (68) From the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Information that Turkish delegation is ready to begin negotiations immediately after October 15; request for Department’s instructions on several suggestions as to wording and term of proposed convention, and request for further explanation of reasons for addition of words “entry and sojourn”.
857
Sept. 22 (55) To the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Concurrence in changes suggested in wording and desire for 5–year term, if acceptable to Turks; request for views as to whether omission of reference to rights of entry and sojourn would compromise rights of American businessmen in Turkey.
858
Sept. 26 (74) From the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Opinion that treaty of residence and establishment covers entry and sojourn by interpretation and general usage, but that if omission of words means denial of treaty alien status to Turkey, Turks may resort to retaliatory measures against American businessmen who seek to enter Turkey.
859
Sept. 29 (58) To the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Nonobjection of Department, in order to obviate any misunderstanding, to inclusion of an additional clause (text printed) covering matter of entry of aliens in respective countries.
860
Oct. 1 (78) From the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Counterproposal, which would be more acceptable to Turks, for slight change in wording of Department’s formula, with an additional paragraph or provision reproducing first reservation to U. S.-German treaty of 1923.
861
Oct. 3 (60) To the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Approval of suggestion, and authorization to proceed with treaty negotiations provided reservation referred to appears either in treaty text or protocol to be signed simultaneously with treaty.
862
Oct. 19 (6) From the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Request for instructions concerning three points discussed with Turkish delegation at first meeting on October 18.
863
Oct. 21 (1) To the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Instructions requested in telegram No. 6, October 19.
863
Nov. 6 (9) From the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Modified text for treaty of establishment proposed by Turkish delegation (text printed); expectation that Turks’ concern over treaty of 1830 and capitulations will lead them to insist on some form of protective clause even at risk of failure of treaty negotiations.
864
Nov. 10 (4) To the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Unwillingness of Department to include protective clause as worded in Turkish text; suggestion of certain additional paragraphs (texts printed) for disposing of treaty of 1830.
866
Nov. 17 (5) To the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Proposal for suspending present negotiations in hope that Turks may be willing to go back to formula originally suggested by them and accepted by Department.
868
Nov. 19 (13) From the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Conversation with Turkish delegate, who was advised of unacceptability of Turkish suggestion; possibility that Turks will accept preamble quoted in Department’s telegram No. 4, November 10, if continuance of treaty alien status for Turkey is not affected.
868
Nov. 21 (6) To the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Agreement of Department with interpretation suggested; feeling, however, that there is no use proceeding with negotiations unless signature of treaty can be effected without further delay.
869
Nov. 25 (15) From the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Information that negotiations have been adjourned; request for authorization to make declaration of regret at delay in regularization of treaty relations between the two countries (text printed) and at same time to leave with Prime Minister copy of proposed treaty in form in which U. S. Government would have been willing to sign it.
870
Nov. 26 (7) To the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Authorization as requested, with slight modification in wording of proposed declaration.
872
Nov. 28 (16) From the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Information that Prime Minister appeared pleased with declaration and stated that he felt friendly relations between the two countries could continue on same satisfactory basis as before beginning of negotiations.
872

Informal Representations Against Taxation Upon the Income of American Educational and Philanthropic Institutions in Turkey

Date and number Subject Page
1929 Dec. 24 From the American Ambassador in Turkey to the Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs
Hope that apprehension of American educational institutions that so-called inheritance and bequest tax is to be levied against them is unfounded.
873
1930 Feb. 3 (6) To the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.)
Approval of steps taken to prevent levying of tax on income of American educational institutions, and inquiry whether simultaneous representations by Department to Turkish Ambassador would be helpful; desire to know whether other foreign institutions are also threatened, and if so, what steps are being taken by governments concerned.
874
Feb. 12 (947) From the Ambassador in Turkey
Report that inquiries of British, French, German, and Italian Embassies have not revealed any attempts to impose tax on institutions of their nationals and consequently no steps are being taken by these Embassies.
875
Apr. 17 (1006) From the Ambassador in Turkey
Informal representations to Minister of Foreign Affairs and Prime Minister in regard to tax recently levied on Constantinople Woman’s College; opinion that it would be preferable not to make representations to Turkish Ambassador in Washington but to rely on informal appeals to good will of Turkish Government.
876
June 2 (233) To the Chargé in Turkey
Approval of action taken and concurrence in opinion expressed.
878
July 25 (1091) From the Ambassador in Turkey
Decision of Council of State of July 2 that American school at Gӧz Tepe is not subject to taxation under law in question; opinion that this decision will be a useful precedent and that dangers of further taxation are no longer imminent.
879
[Page XC]

VENEZUELA

Representations by the Government of Venezuela Against the Activities and Public Utterances of Members of the United States Congress Concerning the Welch Case

Date and number Subject Page
1930 Aug. 6 (468) From the Venezuelan Minister
Protest, on behalf of Venezuelan Government, regarding resolutions introduced in U. S. Senate and House of Representatives and articles in various publications in connection with claims made against Venezuelan Government by James Welch, an American citizen.
880
Aug. 23 To the Venezuelan Minister
Acknowledgment of communication of August 6 from Venezuelan Minister.
881