The Minister in Nicaragua (Hanna) to the Secretary of State
[Received December 23.]
Sir: Supplementing my despatch No. 262 of December 9, 1930, concerning the arrest and expatriation by Presidential order of a number of Nicaraguans, I have the honor to transcribe below a passage from President Moncada’s Message read at the opening of Congress on the 15th instant in which he refers to this subject:
The Administration has been obliged to expel from the country some five persons for their complicity in disturbing order.
Of those who were expelled in 1929 I will say to you that one of them today occupies a seat in one of the Houses of Congress and that another is about to return to the country with permission of the Government. The Government will furnish funds to repatriate him, just as it gave funds to his family, thereby proving in an eloquent manner that it is not partisan passion which impelled the decree of expulsion but effective efforts to resot [sic] to political assassinations in Nicaragua.
I desire you to give attention to this pernicious tendency. Political leaders (caudillos) not being able, for fear of the North American cooperation, to resort to civil war to attain power, think on occasions of another shorter and more decisive method, and from this arises those sporadic outbreaks which my Government is obliged to repress with imprisonments, expulsion or preventative imprisonment, which latter never exceeds the ten days which Article 112 of the Constitution concedes to the President of the Republic.
I understand that this passage of the Message has provoked much unfavorable comment and criticism. These imprisonments and expulsions were formally considered at a recent meeting of the Executive Committee (Junta Directiva) of the Conservative Party and La Prensa, the organ of that party, published in the same issue with which it published President Moncada’s Message a Manifesto of the Executive Committee in which the Party protests against these arbitrary acts. A translation of the Manifesto is transmitted herewith.
As though it were a sequel to the President’s Message and the Manifesto, the papers of today which published both documents also gave prominent space to an account of the prospective expulsion of the following seven additional Nicaraguans: Noel Ernesto Pallais, Arturo Vega, Agustin Sanchez Salinas, Salvador Morales, Ernesto Centeno, Domingo Conrado and Marco Antonio Benavente. I understand that three of these are Conservatives but that the remaining four are Liberals who were recently made prisoners in Leon on evidence indicating that they were engaged in Communistic activities in cooperation with Bolsheviki organizations in Latin America and elsewhere. One of these two individuals, Doctor Noel Ernesto Pallais, is a son-in-law of [Page 704] the prominent physician of Leon, Dr. Luis H. Debayle, and a brotherin-law of General Anastasio Somoza, Under Secretary of Foreign Affairs. President Moncada has told me that a Liberal Senator was also implicated in this Communistic plotting and that he would have been expelled from the country with the others were it not that his position as Senator makes him immune.