The Chargé in Sweden ( Crosby ) to the Secretary of State

No. 2145

Sir: I have the honor to advert to my telegram No. 57. of July 21, 1921, 6 P.M.44 relative to a communication which was received by me from Mr. Kergentzeff, Representative in Sweden of the Russian Soviet Republic; and to transmit herewith the note on which my above mentioned telegram was based together with a copy of the letter which accompanied it.

I have [etc.]

Sheldon Leavitt Crosby
[Page 41]

The Representative in Sweden of the Russian Socialist Federated Soviet Republic ( Kergentzeff ) to the American Chargé in Sweden ( Crosby )

No. 2275

Dear Sir: According to the instructions from my Government, I am forwarding to you herewith a note, which I beg to ask you to transmit to the Secretary of State, Mr. Charles Hughes, Washington.

I remain [etc.]


The Peoples Commissar for Foreign Affairs of the Russian Socialist Federated Soviet Republic ( Chicherin ) to the Governments of the United States, China, France, Great Britain, Italy, and Japan

The Russian Government learns through the foreign press that a conference of powers possessing sovereignty or having interests in the Pacific area will shortly be held in Washington.

The Russian Government, as a sovereign Pacific power, cannot conceal its astonishment at learning of the existence of the intention to call such a conference without its participation.

Although the Russian Republic and the Far Eastern Democratic Republic possess territories on the shores of the Pacific Ocean, the powers which adopted the decision to meet in Washington neglected to invite the Russian and Far Eastern Republics to this conference. This fact, extremely serious in itself, is made still more so by the circumstance that, during the exchange of views on this subject, concerning which communications were made to the press, the right of Russia to participate in a conference for the discussion of questions connected with the Pacific was fully admitted. But the abovementioned powers declare that they will themselves take into consideration the interests of Russia, without the latter’s representation, and reserve the matter of inviting eventually a new Russian Government, which should replace the present one, to accede to the decisions and agreements they adopt.

The Russian Government can in no case agree to other powers taking upon themselves the right to speak for it, especially since this ostracism is intended to apply only to the [Workers’ and Peasants’ Government, while any]45a counter-revolutionary government which [Page 42] might replace it would not be subjected to such ostracism. Such an attitude on the part of the aforementioned powers can only be interpreted as clearly favoring the Russian counter-revolution, and as a fresh manifestation of the interventionist system.

The Russian Government strongly protests against its exclusion from a conference which touches it directly, and against any intention of any power whatsoever to adopt decisions touching the Pacific without consulting Russia.

The Russian Government solemnly declares that it will not recognize any decision taken by the above-mentioned conference, inasmuch as this gathering is being held without its participation. Whatever may be the decisions of this conference, the Russian Government, not participating in it, maintains for that reason complete freedom of action in all questions there discussed, and will exercise this freedom of action in all circumstances and by all means which it considers proper. It will thus be able to upset any plans whose realization may be prepared by this conference which may be hostile towards it or not in accordance with its views. The Russian Government believes it is warranted in asserting that the decisions of this conference will be null and of no effect in view of the absence and nonparticipation of one of the principal interested parties.

At the same time the Russian Government considers itself obliged to declare that it can regard the preference eventually to be shown by the above-mentioned Governments to a counter-revolutionary government replacing it only as a hostile act directed against itself and against the Russian workers and peasants whose will it represents.

The Russian Government has also learned that a more general question, that of disarmament, or at least naval disarmament, will be discussed at the coming conference.

The Russian Government can only welcome gladly any attempt at disarmament or reduction of the military burdens which weigh upon the toilers in all countries. It considers indispensable, however, a preliminary knowledge of what guarantees can be given that this disarmament will really be effected, taking into consideration that the possibility of such guarantees at the present time seems to it highly doubtful. Nevertheless, disarmament in itself can only meet with its sympathy. Disarmament, in its opinion, is one of the results towards which the extension of social changes such as those which have occurred in Russia, is bound to lead. The absence, however, of the Russian Government from an international deliberation on this subject will merely have the effect of forcing Russia to ignore the decisions reached, in which the Russian Government, not being represented, will have no part.

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A policy tending to leave Russia outside the collective decisions of various powers on questions concerning her, far from conducing to the settlement of the conflicts at present disturbing the world, can only render them more acute and more complicated.


  1. Not printed.
  2. Supplied by the editor.
  3. Words in brackets, omitted from the French text transmitted by the Chargé, have been supplied from the translation printed in The Soviet Union and Peace, p. 78.