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List of Papers

[Unless otherwise specified, the correspondence is from or to officials in the Department of State.]

JAPAN

Alleged Discriminations against Japanese Nationals in the United States—Conversations in Washington Regarding a Possible Modification of the “Gentlemen’s Agreement”—Passage of the California Land Law, November 2, 1920

Date and number Subject Page
1920 June 16 To the Ambassador in Japan, temporarily in the United States
Department memorandum (text printed) presented to U. S. Cabinet regarding California proposed initiative legislation to prevent holding of agricultural lands by aliens not eligible to citizenship and evasions of existing restrictions.
1
June 19 From the Governor of California
Transmittal of official report of State Board of Control on subject of oriental immigration and land ownership, with comments and appeal to Federal Government for an exclusion act.
2
July 22 Memorandum by the Ambassador in Japan, temporarily in the United States
Conversation with Japanese Ambassador on situation in California, validity of act of 1913, and strengthening of “Gentlemen’s Agreement”. Proposals for handling problem.
12
Aug. 28 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Interview with Japanese Ambassador regarding proposed initiative legislation in California; suggestion for informal conversations between Japanese Ambassador and Ambassador Morris to discuss modification of Gentlemen’s Agreement.
14
Sept. 12 (474) From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Japanese press comment on anti-Japanese movement in California.
15
Oct. 29 (401) To the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
From Ambassador Morris: Outline of proposed agreement modifying the Gentlemen’s Agreement; conclusion of conversations with Japanese Ambassador.
16
Nov. 2 (406) To the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Department’s public statement regarding movement in California to recast State laws affecting alien land tenure.
17
Nov. 4 (570) From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Press comment upon Department’s public statement, upon negotiations at Washington for new agreement, and upon passage of California initiative legislation.
17
[Page X]Nov. 5 (572) From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Further press comments upon passage of California initiative legislation; also comments upon probable attitude of new administration at Washington.
18
Nov. 15 From the Governor of California (tel.)
Information that California voted three to one against ownership or leasing of California land by ineligible aliens; insistence that any treaty negotiations with Japan will conform to these views.
19
Dec. 9 From the Governor of California
Notification that Anti-Alien Land Initiative Law becomes effective Dec. 10 and that enforcement thereof will receive full support of Governor.
20

Exchange of Notes between the United States and the Japanese Governments Expressing Regret for the Incidents of March 11, 12, and 13, 1919, at Tientsin

Date and number Subject Page
1920 uly 21 To the Ambassador in Japan, temporarily in the United States
Recapitulation of the facts regarding the series of clashes between U. S. and Japanese military contingents at Tientsin and of negotiations for settlement; suggestion for mutual exchange in writing of formal apologies.
21
Dec. 7 From the Japanese Ambassador
Tender of expressions of regret of Japanese Government for illegal arrest of U. S. soldiers and for misleading statement regarding their incarceration on Mar. 12, 1919.
25
Dec. 8 To the Japanese Ambassador
Acceptance of Japanese expressions of regret and repetition of U. S. expression of regret for incident of Mar. 13, when U. S. soldier struck Japanese railway official.
26
Dec. 9 (366) To the Minister in China (tel.)
Transmittal of text of notes exchanged between Department and Japanese Embassy relative to Tientsin incident, for information and such publicity as may be necessary.
(Instructions to repeat to U. S. consul at Tientsin for similar action and to Embassy at Tokyo for information.)
27

Taxation by Japanese Authorities of American Residents in the South Manchuria Railway Zone: Arrangements for the Payment of Voluntary Contributions

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Feb. 9 (19) From the Consul General at Mukden
Communication to railway authorities of U. S. attitude toward attempt to levy income tax for municipal purposes on U. S. citizens in Japanese settlement. Attitude of other consular representatives at Mukden.
27
[Page XI]May 26 (57) From the Consul General at Mukden
Scale of tax rates for Japanese residents as guide for assessment of foreigners; consent of U. S. citizens to “voluntary” contributions based on percentage of rental value of property; Department’s instructions to Peking Legation, Jan. 7, 1910 (text printed), showing the non-political nature of Japanese control of South Manchuria Railway.
28
Nov. 19 To the Consul General at Mukden
No objection to adoption of plan of voluntary contributions; no recognition of right of railway to exercise political powers or to impose taxes upon U. S. citizens.
31
Apr. 9 (147) From the Consul General at Mukden
Railway authorities’ reply (text printed) consenting to the plan of voluntary contributions.
32

Termination of Temporary Acquiescence by the United States in the Japanese Passport Regulations for the South Manchuria Railway Zone

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Apr. 6 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Japanese passport regulations for control of entry of foreigners into Port Arthur leased territory and South Manchuria Railway zone.
33
Apr. 19 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Acquiescence in passport regulations, made temporarily expedient by war; no commitment as to relative rights of China and Japan in districts; reservation of U. S. extraterritorial rights in Manchuria.
33
May 20 (2057) From the Minister in China
Correspondence with the Japanese Minister in China (texts printed) concerning U. S. acquiescence in passport regulations and U. S. reservations as to extraterritoriality rights, in which Japan denies those rights in Port Arthur leased territory but confirms them in South Manchuria Railway zone.
34
1919 Nov. 7 (1070) To the Chargé in China
View that Japanese and Russian passport regulations in railway zones become inoperative upon ratification of the peace treaty.
36
1920 June 24 (18) To the Minister in China
Instructions to consult with colleagues as to opportuneness of present time for dispensing with war-time restrictions in railway zones and reverting to normal status of Chinese passport requirements.
37
[Page XII]June 24 (824) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Instructions to ascertain whether British are disposed to instruct representative at Peking that present passport restrictions in railway zones are no longer necessary.
(Sent, mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassador in France.)
38
Oct. 7 (268) To the Minister in China (tel.)
Request for report on conferences with colleagues regarding Department’s no. 18.
38
Oct. 11 (313) From the Minister in China (tel.)
British instructions to Legation recommending abolition of war-time passport control. Request for authorization to state that termination of war ends Japanese control.
39
Oct. 25 (343) From the Minister in China (tel.)
British instructions to representative to join U. S. Legation in nearly identic note to Japanese Minister refusing longer to acquiesce in passport regulations. Request for instructions.
39
Oct. 26 (3655) From the Chargé in Great Britain
British concurrence in U. S. suggestion regarding discontinuance of Japanese passport control over railway zones in China.
39
Oct. 28 (301) To the Minister in China (tel.)
Instructions to recommend to British Legation similar independent action rather than joint action regarding discontinuance of passport regulations, and to notify Japanese Minister of U. S. desire.
40
Nov. 6 (360) From the Ministei in China (lei.)
Note sent to Japanese Minister (text printed) notifying him of U. S. decision to discontinue acquiescence in passport regulations. Japanese stand that U. S. Government was merely informed of regulations without request for assent.
40
Dec. 9 (365) To the Minister in China (tel.)
Inquiry whether Japanese did not originally request U. S. temporary acquiescence in passport control on South Manchuria Railway.
41
Dec. 14 (434) From the Minister in China (tel.)
Japanese Legation’s note of Apr. 6, 1918 (extract printed), giving notice of passport control; Legation’s reply acquiescing in regulations, made temporarily expedient by war conditions.
41
[Page XIII]

Refusal by American Schools in Korea to Assist the Japanese Police in Punishing Political Agitation among the Students

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Mar. 6 (21) From the Consul General at Seoul
Account of political agitation among mission school students resulting in faculty dismissals. Letter to Rev. A. W. Wasson of Southern Methodist Mission, Songdo, Chosen (text printed), cautioning him that local regulations for schools must control.
42
Mar. 18 (532) From the Ambassador in Japan
Despatch sent Consul General at Seoul and memorandum by Bishop Herbert Welch of the Methodist Episcopal Church concerning plan proposed for avoiding difficulty in mission schools (texts printed).
45
Apr. 9 (313) To the Ambassador in Japan
Approval of proposed use of Bishop Welch’s memorandum as basis for informal agreement on policy to be pursued in regard to U. S. mission schools.
47
June 12 (36) From the Consul General at Seoul
Reinstatement of principal in boys’ school as result of informal conference with Governor General.
47

LIBERIA

Elaboration of a Financial Plan for Liberia, as a Basis for the Loan Credit of $5,000,000 from the United States Treasury—Dissatisfaction of the Liberian Government with the Draft of the Plan

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Dec. 20 To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Instructions to ascertain whether the Liberian Government would consent to have the National City Bank act as its fiscal agent in the United States to receive advances on the loan.
49
Dec. 23 From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Consent of Liberia for National City Bank to act as its fiscal agent.
49
1920 Jan. 22 From the National City Bank
Consent to act as fiscal agent for Liberia; request to be advised whether disbursements require approval of State or Treasury Department.
50
Feb. 13 To the National City Bank
Desirability of submitting disbursements for Department’s approval.
51
Feb. 28 (25) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Amendment to act of Jan. 22, 1919, making it necessary that any agreements made by Liberian President regarding loan shall be submitted to Legislature for approval.
51
[Page XIV]Mar. 17 (63) From the Minister in Liberia
Letter from Financial Adviser (text printed) urging that loan credit to Liberia be made available as soon as possible.
52
Apr. 6 (208) From the British Chargé
Representations regarding reported use of receivership funds to defray expenses of U. S. loan officials, etc., as infringing on loan agreement of 1912.
53
Apr. 10 (17) To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
For Worley also: Information regarding British representations; inquiry as to truth of reports and whether services of 1912 loan are prior charges on assigned revenues.
53
Apr. 17 To the Secretary of the Navy
Urgency of having a naval vessel dispatched to port of Monrovia.
54
Apr. 17 To the Minister in Liberia
For Worley also: Transmittal of draft financial plan (text printed) to be proposed as formal request of Liberian President for loan advances from U. S. Treasury.
54
Apr. 21 (31) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Worley’s reply (text printed) explaining why expenses of U. S. officials must be paid out of assigned revenues until loan is made available.
68
Apr. 28 (19) To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
For Worley also: Recommendation for strict observance of 1912 agreement and suggestions as to payment of U. S. officers’ salaries.
68
May 6 (35) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Worley’s reply (text printed) regarding impracticability of observing strictly terms of 1912 agreement or suggestions made for officers’ pay.
69
May 20 (22) To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
For Worley also: Courtesy call at Monrovia of U. S. S. Chattanooga en route to the United States.
70
June 8 (39) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Beneficial effect of visit of Chattanooga to Monrovia.
70
June 22 To the Secretary of the Navy
For Admiral Coontz: Acknowledgment of receipt of report on seriousness of conditions in Liberia; request that small naval vessel be stationed at Monrovia.
70
June 25 (395) From the British Ambassador
Complaint of British bondholders against nonapplication of sinking fund to payment of Liberian loan; view that payment should be met to limit of receivership funds.
71
June 28 From the Acting Secretary of the Navy
Inability to station small naval vessel at Monrovia; possibility of having vessels call at intervals if situation so requires.
71
[Page XV]July 12 (31) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Proposed agreement regarding functions and authority of officials of receivership administration (text printed) to be submitted to Liberian President for consideration in connection with financial plan.
71
July 15 (33) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Steps proposed for Liberian rehabilitation and advancement, provided Liberian Legislature adopts loan plan.
77
July 16 Memorandum by the Third Assistant Secretary of State
Conference with French Chargé in which France is requested to curb propaganda of its nationals in Liberia and to support U. S. financial plan for Liberia.
78
July 23 (48) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Substance of President’s amendments to Department’s financial plan; disapproval of Financial Adviser and Charge; draft protest by Charge submitted for Department’s approval (text printed).
79
July 24 (50) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
President’s submission of Department’s financial plan to Legislature with statement that his counter plan is at disposal of that body.
82
Aug. 2 (53) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Drift of sentiment in Legislature away from Department’s loan plan and favorable consideration of President’s counter plan. Urgent request for instructions.
83
Aug. 2 (38) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Note for Liberian President (text printed) urging adoption of Department’s plan and warning that rejection might necessitate consideration of U. S. mandate over Liberia; authorization for publication.
84
Aug. 16 (1376) To the Chargé in France (tel.)
Request for facilitation of telephone communication with Legation at Monrovia and for French support of U. S. financial plan.
84
Aug. 17 (58) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Report of strong French representations to Liberia for grant of railway concession and for rejection of U. S. loan policy, reserving French rights.
85
Aug. 17 (1567) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
French promise to investigate cable situation and to accord every facility to U. S. officials in Liberia; agreement to instruct representative in Liberia in sense desired.
86
Aug. 21 (59) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Adjournment of Legislature after authorizing President to send commission to the United States to negotiate for loan credit on counter-plan basis. Charge’s suggestions.
86
Aug. 25 (103) From the Chargé in Liberia
Liberian reply to U. S. note to President (text printed) defending amendments to financial plan and protesting publication of correspondence.
88
[Page XVI]Aug. 25 (1398) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to discover from Foreign Office precise orders its representative in Liberia received regarding support of U. S. loan plan.
94
Aug. 30 (1624) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French instructions to representative in Liberia to urge claims of French nationals and to avoid interference with U. S. plans. French view that support of U. S. financial plan should have reciprocal U. S. support of French railway scheme.
94
Aug. 31 (1433) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Inconsistency of acts of French Chargé in Liberia as compared with avowed French policy; U. S. expectation of French support of U. S. financial plan.
94
Sept. 8 (1670) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Foreign Office instructions to Chargé in Liberia (text printed) in reply to U. S. request for French support of loan plan.
95
Sept. 16 [15?] (66) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Refusal of Financial Adviser to approve Liberian loan from Bank of British West Africa to defray expenses of commission to the United States. Liberia’s failure to consult Financial Adviser or Legation in matter.
96
Undated [Rec’d Oct. 4] From the British Embassy
Representations against U. S. policy in Liberia as being detrimental to interests of British investors.
97
Oct. 21 (73) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Authorization by bank’s London headquarters for loan to Liberia, notwithstanding disapproval of Financial Adviser. Request for instructions.
98
Oct. 21 (74) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Foreign Secretary’s complaint against U. S. failure to reply to note enclosed in Charge’s 103. Recommendations.
99
Oct. 27 (80) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Note from Foreign Secretary (text printed) announcing appointment of commissioners to the United States and inquiring whether mission would be acceptable.
100
Oct. 30 From the Liberian Consul General at Baltimore
Request that the United States receive special commission appointed to continue loan-plan negotiations.
100
Nov. 1 (710) From the British Ambassador
Inquiry regarding failure to pay certain coupons of Liberian gold loan of 1913.
102
Nov. 1 (51) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Approval of Financial Adviser’s action in refusing to approve loan from Bank of British West Africa. Loan, however, to be approved, if the United States agrees to receive commission.
103
[Page XVII]Nov. 2 (53) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
British charge that Worley has failed to transmit all receivership receipts for payment to bondholders. Inquiries.
103
Nov. 2 (54) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Instructions to make oral representations to President regarding his attitude toward loan plan and to inform Liberian Government that the United States will receive commission only if authorized to reach definite agreement.
103
Nov. 13 (84) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Report of remittance to London for 1912 loan and of small working balance left on hand.
105
Nov. 17 (86) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Opinion that oral representations will not change President’s attitude on loan plan. Note of Secretary of State (text printed) stating departure of commission postponed until Legislature gives authorization suggested by the United States.
105
Nov. 17 (57) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Instructions to call attention of Secretary of State to Liberia’s failure to comply with provisions of reform program of 1917 in appointment of commission and arrangements for loan without consultation with Financial Adviser.
105
Dec. 1 (137) From the Chargé in Liberia
Note from Liberian Secretary of State (text printed) in justification of course taken regarding appointment of commission and arrangements for loan. Comments.
106
Dec. 17 (65) To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Instructions to request immediate explanation why provisions of reform program were ignored in contracting loan from Bank of British West Africa.
108
Dec. 17 (66) To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Conversations with member of British Foreign Office regarding opposition of British commercial interests in Liberia to U. S. loan plan. Instructions.
109
Dec. 21 (97) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Information that correspondence with Liberian Secretary of State has been forwarded to Department and suggestion that no action on instruction 65 be taken until despatch 137 has been examined.
109

Recommendations by the United States Government Looking toward a Stricter Observance of the 1917 Program of Administrative Reform

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Oct. 23 (55) To the Minister in Liberia
Representations regarding refusal of Liberian Government to refer to Financial Adviser applications for concessions in accordance with the requirements of the act of Aug. 7, 1917.
110
[Page XVIII]Dec. 9 (58) To the Minister in Liberia
Instructions to call attention to unfriendly attitude and lack of cooperation on part of Legislature, calculated to nullify provisions of reform program.
111
Dec. 26 From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Functioning of Departments of Interior, War, and Education under one head; intention of President-elect to separate them, each having head with Cabinet rank.
112
1920 Jan. 7 (3) To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Importance of combining administrative departments in order to keep expenditures at minimum. Necessity for concurrence of Worley in any changes, after submission to Department.
113
Jan. 20 (5) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
President’s insistence upon separation of departments; Worley’s observations and recommendations.
113
Jan. 22 (6) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Legislation increasing salaries and allowances and granting concession to Mountain Mining Co. without advice or approval of Financial Adviser. Recommendations of Minister and Financial Adviser.
115
Jan. 26 (7) To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Warning to Liberia that loan negotiations will be suspended unless assurance is given of intention to abide by reform program.
116
Jan. 30 (8) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Government appointment of new customs officials without consulting Financial Adviser, producing disorganization in service. Request for instructions.
116
Feb. 5 (10) To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
For Worley also: U. S. refusal to countenance disposition to increase expenditures and ignore recommendations of Financial Adviser. Request for views.
117
Feb. 7 (12) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Repeal of acts granting Mountain Mining Co. concession and increase in salaries; and official assurance of cooperation in carrying out agreement.
117
Feb. 13 (15) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Proposal of authorized statement that Department cannot sanction budget which includes salary for more than one Cabinet minister for War, Interior, and Education, until revenues permit.
118
Feb. 19 (13) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Authorization for statement proposed in Charge’s no. 15.
118
[Page XIX]Feb. 27 (23) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Creation of new offices and salaries without knowledge of Financial Adviser, thus rendering effective reforms impossible.
119
Feb. 27 (24) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Concession granted to French Cable Co. at Monrovia, with approval of President, against urgent advice of Legation and Financial Adviser.
119
Feb. 28 (26) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Liberian refusal to accept Department’s interpretation of act of Aug. 7, 1917, regarding concessions; proposal of concessions board of three members, Financial Adviser to be one. Latter’s disapproval.
120
Feb. 28 (16) To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
For Worley also: Demand for unequivocal statement from Liberian President as to whether he intends to continue policy opposed to principles laid down in reform program of 1917.
121
Mar. 2 (28) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Government’s insistence upon necessity for separate Cabinet minister for education.
121
July 14 (32) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Inquiry whether concession to French Cable Co. has been approved or vetoed by President.
122
July 17 (47) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
President’s approval of concession granted by Legislature to French Cable Co.
122
July 22 (34) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Instructions to inform President of U. S. refusal to recognize concession to French Cable Co. and to ascertain what steps he intends to take.
122
Sept. 14 (65) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
President’s reaffirmation of position already taken on matter of granting concessions. Worley’s statement that King, as President-elect, in conversation at Department, agreed to adhere to U. S. interpretation of act of Aug. 7, 1917.
123
Sept. 30 (48) To the Chargi in Liberia (tel.)
Official corroboration of Worley’s statement that Liberian President agreed to adhere to U. S. interpretation of act of Aug. 7, 1917; insistence upon submission of applications for concessions to Financial Adviser; request for written statement from President defining his position and intentions.
124
[Page XX]Oct. 24[?] (72) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Memorandum of President’s reply (text printed) disavowing promise to adhere to act of Aug. 7, 1917, but giving assurances of willingness to withhold approval of concessions pending favorable recommendation thereon from Washington and pending conclusion of loan negotiations.
124
Oct. 23 (77) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Applications of certain French companies for cable and railway concessions, to be submitted to Legislature.
126
Nov. 17 (56) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Department’s proposal to act as arbitrator in case Financial Adviser’s advice does not meet with approval of Liberian Government.
126
Dec. 22 (98) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Financial Adviser’s disapproval of concessions now before Legislature; President’s message to Congress recommending that no concessions be granted pending negotiations for U. S. loan.
128

MEXICO

Revolution of 1920

origins and progress of the revolutionary movement against the carranza government-requests by united states representatives in mexico for naval protection; dispatch of united states ships to Mexican ports-overthrow and death of president carranza and the election of adolfo de la huerta as provisional president?-withdrawal of united states naval units from mexican territorial waters-suppression of counter-revolutionary movements

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Jan. 7 (2739) From the Charge in Mexico
Return of Ambassador Bonillas presumably to initiate campaign for Presidency.
129
Jan. 20 (2789) From the Chargé in Mexico
Publication of manifesto of National Democratic Party, launching campaign of Bonillas for Presidency and appealing to Obregón and Gonzalez to retire from race.
129
Feb. 9 (279) From the Consul at Nogales
Press account of Obregón campaign; Huerta’s failure to attend conference of governors at Mexico City.
130
Feb. 11 (2864) From the Chargé in Mexico
Press criticism of purpose of conference of governors, which allegedly discussed means of guaranteeing liberty of suffrage in coming Presidential elections.
131
[Page XXI]Mar. 16 (2977) From the Chargé in Mexico
Portion of Obregón platform relating to international matters (text printed).
132
Mar. 27 (81) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Obregón’s accusation of connivance on part of administration in favor of BoniUas’ candidacy. President’s denial of charge.
132
Mar. 30 From the Consul at Nogales (tel.)
Fear in Sonora of establishment of military government by Carranza; notice of impending railway strike.
133
Apr. 5 To the Consul at Guaymas (tel.)
Instructions to report on situation and reason for request for warship at Guaymas.
133
Apr. 7 From the Consul at Guaymas (tel.)
Reasons for request for warship.
133
Apr. 7 From the Consul at Nogales (tel.)
Protest of State congress to Carranza against attempt to take military command of Sonora and to impose upon nation the candidacy of Bonillas.
134
Apr. 8 To the Consul at Guaymas (tel.)
Unwillingness to recommend warship for Guaymas unless circumstances so warrant. Instructions.
134
Apr. 10 From the Consul at Nogales (tel.)
Sonora’s message of defiance to Carranza; retaliatory reply.
135
Apr. 10 From the Consul at Guaymas (tel.)
Legislative indorsement of Governor’s action, voting him power over finances and war. Desire for U. S. warship.
135
Apr. 11 From the Consul at Nogales (tel.)
The taking over of Federal offices by State of Sonora and complete revolt against Carranza regime. Active support of Obregón.
136
Apr. 12 (101) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Obregón general reports Sonora in open rebellion and requests asylum in U. S. Embassy in event of failure of plans.
136
Apr. 13 To the Consul at Guaymas (tel.)
Suggestion to Navy Department to send warship to Guaymas.
137
Apr. 14 (3060) From the Chargé in Mexico
Immediate causes of Mexican political crisis in Presidential campaign, namely, detention of Obregón in Mexico City and coup d’Stat of Sonora.
137
Apr. 14 (114) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel).
Instructions to limit actions to cause of humanity and not further political projects.
139
[Page XXII]Apr. 16 From the Consul at Mazatlan (tel.)
Transfer of capital of Sinaloa to Mazatlan; occupation of remainder of State by rebels.
139
Apr. 16 From the Consul at Mazatlan (tel.)
Concentration in Mazatlan in anticipation of state of siege; desire of Mexicans and foreigners for U. S. warship.
139
Apr. 17 To the Mexican Chargé
Acknowledgment of note complaining of use of U. S. territory as a base of operations by Villistas.
140
Apr. 17 From the Consul at Nogales (tel.)
Chinese request for asylum in the United States; detention of mail; protest of Arizona business men against granting permission to Carranza troops to cross U. S. territory.
140
Apr. 20 From the Consul at Nuevo Laredo (tel.)
Appointment by Carranza of new Governor for Sonora; report of revolt in Michoacan and presence of Obregón.
141
Apr. 20 From the Consul at Nogales (tel.)
Certain other States openly favor attitude taken by Sonora.
141
Apr. 20 To the Consul at Nogales (tel.)
Instructions regarding asylum for Chinese and delivery of mail for Americans in Sonora; denial that the United States has received request for transport of Carranza troops to Sonora via U. S. territory.
142
Apr. 20 From the Consul at Vera Cruz (tel.)
Urgent recommendation for U. S. warship on account of grave situation.
142
Apr. 21 To the Consul at Mazatlan (tel.)
Suggestion to Navy Department to send warship to Mazatlan and Topolobampo.
142
Apr. 23 To the Consul at Vera Cruz (tel.)
Inquiry made at Navy Department as to availability of warship for Vera Cruz and neighborhood should emergency arise.
(Same, mutatis mutandis, to consul at Frontera.)
143
Apr. 24 From the Consul at Vera Cruz (tel.)
Sudden and dangerous possibilities in situation and need for presence of warship before emergency arises.
143
Apr. 24 (134) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
British information regarding serious condition in Tux-pam and need for protection of U. S. property.
143
Apr. 24 (138) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Opinion that legations of British and certain other nations would be more generous than the United States in extending privileges of asylum to political refugees.
144
[Page XXIII]Apr. 25 (137) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Proposed withdrawal of Bonillas and Gonzalez as candidates and calling of convention to select compromise candidate.
144
Apr. 26 From the Consul at Nogales (tel.)
Resignation of Mexican consul general at New York as protest against Carranza’s attitude toward Sonora. Huerta’s acceptance of appointment as chief executive of States allying themselves with Sonora.
144
Apr. 26 From the Consul at Vera Cruz (tel.)
Report of plan of rebels to attack Vera Cruz; possibility of looting in absence of U. S. warship.
145
Apr. 26 From the Consul at Frontera (tel.)
Need of warship to protect U. S. citizens and their interests against bands of revolutionists threatening Frontera.
145
Apr. 26 (123) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Report of unsuccessful attack by rebels upon Tuxpam; order for the Thornton to proceed to that point.
145
Apr. 28 (126) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Report that Obregón is proceeding toward Mexico City with force of nine or ten thousand men.
145
Apr. 28 To the Consul at Vera Cruz (tel.)
Availability of U. S. S. Sacramento now at Tampico for immediate visit to Vera Cruz, Puerto Mexico, and Frontera. Instructions to inform Frontera.
146
Apr. 29 From the Consul at Vera Cruz (tel.)
Danger of sudden attacks and need for warship to be stationed at Vera Cruz.
146
Apr. 29 From the Consul at Vera Cruz (tel.)
British consul’s request to be informed whether U. S. warships will be sent to Vera Cruz.
146
Apr. 29 From the Consul at Tampico (tel.)
Indications of great crisis developing suddenly at Tampico; inadequacy of U. S. naval force at Tampico.
146
May 3 To the Consul at Vera Cruz (tel.)
Instructions to inform British consul of U. S. intention to station large vessel at Vera Cruz and six destroyers there and at Tampico.
(Substance sent to Chargé in Mexico.)
147
May 5 From the Consul at Torreon (tel.)
Request for instructions regarding Chinese appeal for U. S. protection in case of emergency. Concentration of Durango military forces in Mexico City.
147
May 5 To the Consul at Salina Cruz (tel.)
Dispatch of additional U. S. vessels to Mexican east coast and plan for call of warships at gulf ports at intervals.
147
[Page XXIV]May 7 (183) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Abandonment of capital by Carranza and Cabinet who were preceded by troop trains bound for Vera Cruz.
148
May 7 From the Consul at Monterey (tel.)
Preparations for complete evacuation of Monterey. Request for relief for consulate.
148
May 7 (135) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Dispatch of several warships to Atlantic ports of Mexico. Instructions to secure opinions of other missions as to ways and means to protect aliens.
148
May 7 To the Consul at Torreon (tel.)
Authorization to exercise informal good offices with local Mexican authorities in behalf of Chinese seeking protection.
149
May 8 From the Consul at Vera Cruz (tel.)
Improved conditions due to discretion and firmness of General Sanchez, who has control of situation.
149
May 9 (192) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Entrance into Mexico City of General Obregón with several thousand troops.
150
May 13 (3149) From the Chargé in Mexico
Plan of Agua Prieta (text printed) for restoration of national sovereignty of the people.
150
Undated [Rec’d May 17] From the Consul at Manzanillo (tel.)
Arrival of destroyer Thornton at Manzanillo, thus saving town from violence by bandits.
153
May 18 To the Consul at Frontera (tel.)
Navy Department requested to send light draft vessel to Frontera and Carmen.
153
May 22 (240) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Publication of official bulletin from Obregón headquarters stating Carranza has been killed.
153
May 24 (248) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Unofficial character of iuneral services of Carranza.
153
May 24 (253) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Election of de la Huerta as Provisional President by Mexican Congress in extraordinary session.
154
May 25 (260) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Office statement regarding circumstances of Carranza’s death and supervision by Provisional President of general elections for a successor.
154
June 19 (173) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Withdrawal of U. S. naval units in Mexican waters with few exceptions.
155
July 14 From the Consul at Nuevo Laredo (tel.)
Exchange of letters with Mexican general (texts printed) in which consul refuses advice to leave post for safety and warns against destruction of American lives and property.
155
[Page XXV]July 16 From the Consul at Monterey (tel.)
Imprisonment of Pablo Gonzalez; defeat of revolutionary forces.
156
July 28 (348) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Measures to defeat rebellion of Governor Cantu in northern district of Lower California.
156
July 28 From the Consul at Mexicali (tel.)
Reports of intended attacks upon Cantu adherents. Appeal to Department for unofficial efforts to arrange peaceful settlement in the cause of U. S. business interests.
157
July 29 From the Consul at Mexicali (tel.)
Warning to two U. S. aviators, employed by Cantu as instructors on civil basis, against rendering military service.
157
July 30 To the Consul at Mexicali (tel.)
Instructions to facilitate work of military intelligence officer, Calexico, in trying to prevent aviators from violating neutrality laws.
157
July 31 From the Consul at Piedras Negras (tel.)
Surrender of Villa forces, Villa being given command of rurales in Chihuahua with 200 picked men; disbandment or induction into regular army of remainder of forces.
158
July 31 To the Consul at Mexicali (tel.)
Instructions to convey to Cantu U. S. refusal to permit the exportation of arms and munitions to either faction in Mexico and to warn against disorders across border.
158
July 31 (196) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Secretary that troops en route to Lower California are expected to avoid hostilities near international frontier and to protect irrigation canals.
158
July 31 From the Consul at Mexicali (tel.)
Permit agent at Calexico requested to take up border cards of aviators in Cantu’s service.
159
Aug. 3 (353) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s assurance that all possible measures will be taken for protection of U. S. lives and property near frontier and for preservation of irrigation canals.
159
Aug. 5 To the Consul at Mexicali (tel.)
Approval of action taken regarding aviators’ border cards.
159
Aug. 6 From the Consul at Mexicali (tel.)
Failure of plan to take up border permit of Goree, aviator in Cantu’s service; recommendations.
160
Aug. 7 To the Consul at Mexicali (tel.)
Instructions for Goree threatening cancelation of privileges as U. S. citizen.
160
Aug. 18 From the Consul at Mexicali (tel.)
Cantu’s surrender and termination of factional strife in his district.
161
[Page XXVI]Sept. 24 To the Secretary of the Navy
Opinion that minor naval units in Mexican waters may safely be withdrawn.
161
Dec. 27 To the First Secretary of the Mexican Embassy
Conspiracy indictments against certain persons, brought by grand jury at San Antonio, Tex., upon recommendation of agents of Department of Justice.
161

Question of the Recognition of the Provisional Government by the United States

informal conversations in washington between the under secretary of state and the agents of the provisional government-attitude of other governments toward recognition

Date and number Subject Page
1920 May 5 From the Consul at Tampico (tel.)
Demand of rebel commander in de facto control at Port Lobos for payment to him in advance of export tax on oil.
162
May 8 To the Consul at Tampico (tel.)
Citation of principles of international law on subject of payment of customs duties and taxes to de facto authority; advice to oil operators.
162
May 12 From the J. A. Medina Company
Request for advice whether consular fees on shipments of merchandise to Mexican ports should be paid to representative of Carranza government or new regime.
163
May 13 From the Consul at Nogales (tel.)
Note from Huerta seeking friendly relations with the United States and giving assurances of good faith and security to foreign investments.
163
May 18 From the Consul at Nogales (tel.)
Consideration of some plan by which Huerta may meet immediate expenses of troops during reconstruction period.
164
May 20 From the Confidential Agent of the Provisional Government of Mexico
His appointment as confidential agent to succeed Gen. Salvador Alvarado.
164
May 20 From the Confidential Agent of the Provisional Government of Mexico
Affirmation of peaceful conditions in Mexico, guaranty of protection to foreigners, and request for informal exchange of views with the United States.
165
May 21 To the Consul at Nogales (tel.)
Warning against any act which might be construed as recognition of new regime.
165
May 22 From the Mexican Chargé
Representations against activities of rebel agents in the United States.
166
[Page XXVII]May 25 (158) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Reasons for U. S. nonreeognition of de facto government of Mexico; warning against any act which might be construed as recognition.
167
May 26 (3166) From the Chargé in Mexico
Comparative freedom of Mexico from banditry; reported offer of reward for Villa, dead or alive; desire of new regime for de facto recognition at least.
167
May 26 To the J. A. Medina Company
Information and advice regarding payment of consular fees on shipments of merchandise to Mexican ports.
168
May 28 (267) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Notification to diplomatic corps of Mexican congressional decree declaring Huerta Substitute President and calling him to take oath of office.
168
May 30 From the Consul at Manzanillo (tel.)
Invitation to visit Mexico City as guest of Provisional President; recommendation that acceptance is impracticable.
169
June 1 (271) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Press report of Chinese recognition of new Provisional Government.
169
June 3 To the Consul at Manzanillo (tel.)
Concurrence in nonacceptance of Huerta’s invitation.
169
June 4 (277) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Chilean and Japanese instructions to their representatives to proceed in harmony with U. S. Embassy in regard to situation in Mexico.
170
June 4 (165) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Inquiries as to recognition of Mexican Government by other foreign governments.
170
June 5 (278) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Report that China alone has recognized present administration.
170
June 5 From the Mexican Chargé
Notification of delivery of Embassy over to Alvaro Torre Díaz, who will be in charge of Mexican interests.
170
June 7 Chief of the Division of Mexican Affairs to the Second Assistant Secretary of State
Granting of Mexican Chargers request for special patrolman for Embassy in anticipation of trouble with political adversaries.
171
June 11 (285) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Selection of Iglesias Calderón as Huerta’s confidential agent at Washington.
171
[Page XXVIII]June 15 (288) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Reported view of France that Provisional Government is legally constituted and that recognition is unnecessary.
171
June 16 (3202) From the Chargé in Mexico
Enumeration of foreign governments which, it is reported, will soon recognize Huerta government.
172
June 17 From the Consul at Chihuahua (tel.)
Request for instructions as to recognition of signature of present Governor of Chihuahua.
173
June 19 To the Consul at Chihuahua (tel.)
No authorization for recognition of official signature of Chihuahua Governor, who is appointee of present regime.
173
June 22 To the Consul at Nuevo Laredo (tel.)
Request that courtesies be extended Iglesias Calderón as distinguished private citizen proceeding to Washington.
173
June 29 From the Special Representative of the Provisional Government of Mexico
Request for interview with Chief of Division of Mexican Affairs and proffer of salutation to the President.
173
June 30 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Informal conversation with Iglesias Calderón in which he seeks mutual understanding with view to establishing official relations between the two Governments.
174
July 2 From the Confidential Agent of the Provisional Government of Mexico
Notification of delivery of Embassy over to Iglesias Calderón, Mexican High Commissioner, with rank of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary.
176
July 17 (331) From the Chargi in Mexico (tel.)
Recognition of Mexican Government by Venezuela.
177
Aug. 17 (366) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Press report of alleged conditions made to Iglesias Calderón under which U. S. recognition will be granted.
177
Aug. 18 (207) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Denial of any promises to Iglesias Calderón regarding recognition of present regime in Mexico.
177
Aug. 19 (370) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
No authorization for Iglesias Calderón to receive from U. S. Government any conditions relating to recognition of Mexican Government.
177
Aug. 24 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Informal conversations with Iglesias Calderón regarding U. S. recognition and Mexico’s failure to fulfill international obligations particularly as to oil properties.
178
[Page XXIX]Aug. 30 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Informal conversation with Iglesias Calderón regarding purchase of U. S. torpedo-boat destroyers and continuation of question of recognition.
180
Sept. 5 From Mr. Robert Murray (tel.)
Desire of Pesqueira, general financial agent of Mexico, for interview to discuss petroleuxn controversy, which he is endeavoring to arrange by direct negotiations with heads of companies.
182
Sept. 7 To Mr. Robert Murray (tel.)
Granting of audience by Chief of Division of Mexican Affairs to Pesqueira.
182
Sept. 13 Report of the Chargé in Mexico
Interview with President-elect Obregón, who stressed necessity for union of nations of Western Hemisphere for protection against Old World aggression.
182
Sept. 23 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Informal conversation with Iglesias Calderón, latter announcing Huerta’s desire to remove all obstacles to resumption of friendly relations and regretting failure to deliver Huerta’s letter to President Wilson.
183
Sept. 23 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Informal conversation with Pesqueira in further consideration of question of recognition, latter suggesting agreement providing for arbitration commission.
185
Sept. 25 (3390) From the Charge in Mexico
Letter from President of Costa Rica to Huerta acknowledging announcement of Provisional Presidency.
187
Sept. 27 (401) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Confirmation of report that Mexican Minister to Argentina has presented his credentials.
187
Oct. 6 (410) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Recognition of Mexican Government by Honduras and Salvador.
187
Oct. 13 (416) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Letter from President of Swiss Confederation to Huerta acknowledging announcement of Provisional Presidency.
188
Oct. 15 (423) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Announcement of Pesqueira’s departure for Washington as personal representative of Huerta and confidential agent of Government to resume negotiations begun by Iglesias Calderón.
188
Oct. 24 (102) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Hesitation on part of Brazil to accept Mexican appointed minister, desiring first to consult V. S. Government.
188
[Page XXX]Oct. 26 From the Confidential Agent of the Government of Mexico
Presentation of Mexico’s position and ambitions under new regime; proposal of joint arbitration commission for settlement of difficulties; disavowal of retroactive or violative character of art. 27 of Mexican Constitution.
189
Oct. 26 (60) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to state that, when decision is reached regarding recognition of Mexican Government, notice will be given Brazil.
191
Oct. 27 (3442) From the Chargé in Mexico
Letter from President of Guatemala to Huerta acknowledging announcement of Provisional Presidency.
192
Oct. 29 (62) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Press statement issued by the Secretary of State (excerpt printed) conceding that Mexican conciliatory attitude offers basis upon which preliminaries to recognition can proceed. Instructions.
192
Oct. 30 (105) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Presentation of the Secretary’s press statement; postponement of recognition of Mexican Minister-designate.
193
Nov. 6 (440) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Huerta’s disavowal of alleged agreement for recognition by certain governments under specified conditions included in protocols and special treaties.
193
Nov. 11 (444) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Recognition of present Mexican regime by Colombia.
194
Nov. 19 From the Governor of California (tel.)
Request for advice regarding acceptance of invitation tendered several U. S. Governors to attend inaugural ceremonies of Obregón.
194
Nov. 20 To the Governor of California (tel.)
Reluctance in giving advice; significance of presence of those in high official station, in view of U. S. nonrecognition.
194
Nov. 25 To the Confidential Agent of the Government of Mexico
Sympathetic approbation regarding Mexico’s new policies; suggestion that commissioners be promptly designated by both countries to formulate treaty embodying agreements reached.
195
Nov. 27 (457) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Notification regarding date of inauguration and reservation of box for diplomatic corps. Doubt as to who will attend.
196
Nov. 29 (457) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Italy’s intention to recognize Mexican Government after the United States has done so.
197
[Page XXXI]Nov. 29 (458) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Official notification to chiefs of foreign missions that President will receive them Dec. 1. Charge’s intention not to attend in absence of instructions.
197
Nov. 29 (246) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Office in writing of authorization to attend inauguration in private capacity.
197
Nov. 30 To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Decision that Charge’s attendance Dec. 1 at formal ceremony is unwise.
197
Dec. 8 (470) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Resumption of official relations between Mexico and Japan, formal recognition deemed unnecessary.
198
Dec. 9 (3515) From the Chargé in Mexico
Attendance at official reception, Dec. 1, by all members of resident diplomatic corps except U. S. members.
198
Dec. 11 (473) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Recognition of Mexican Government by the Netherlands.
198
Dec. 30 (3552) From the Chargé in Mexico
Press statement that France denies having made any declaration in regard to recognition of Mexico.
198
Dec. 31 (3556) From the Chargé in Mexico
Letter from President of Germany to Huerta (text printed) acknowledging notification of election and expressing wish for friendly relations between Germany and Mexico.
199

Protection of American Oil Interests

mexican executive decree of January 17, 1920, enabling oil companies to acquire provisional drilling permits-decree of march 12 and circular of april 21, governing oil development in the federal zones-continued acceptance by the mexican authorities of denouncements made by third parties upon the properties of american companies—informal representations by the united states

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Jan. 21 (2793) From the Chargé in Mexico
Prospect of some arrangement whereby U. S. oil companies may receive provisional permits for drilling operations in Mexico. Communications between Rodolfo Montes and T. J. Ryder of Aguila Oil Co. (texts printed).
200
Jan. 23 From the Association of Mexican Producers
Telegram from Carranza quoting Executive order of Jan. 17 enabling oil companies to acquire provisional drilling permits and association’s reply (texts printed).
203
[Page XXXII]Mar. 20 (79) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Presidential decree signed Mar. 12 authorizing concessions for developing oil lands on national territory and reaffirming principle of dominium directum of nation over subsoil.
205
Apr. 20 (3062) From the Chargé in Mexico
Executive decree of Mar. 12, 1920 (text printed), establishing regulations for granting of petroleum concessions on national territory.
205
May 4 (3129) From the Chargé in Mexico
Circular no. 10 of Mexican Department of Industry, Commerce, and Labor, Apr. 21, 1920 (text printed), establishing regulations for the execution of Executive decree of Mar. 12, 1920.
210
Aug. 3 From the Association of Producers of Petroleum in Mexico
Requests that steps be taken to end invasion of property rights under decree of Mar. 12 which permits concessions in towpathte, called Federal zones, adjacent to navigable streams.
217
Aug. 13 (203) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to make informal representations against denouncements by third persons including refusal of right to conduct drilling operations by U. S. owners on their own property.
219
Aug. 18 (1450) To the Chargé in Mexico
Instructions to bring informally to attention of authorities U. S. intention to support American citizens against threatened confiscation of rights in Federal zones.
220
Oct. 21 From the General Solicitor of the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey
Specific cases of applications for Federal zone concessions on company’s properties, with prospect of favorable consideration. Request for action.
221
Nov. 15 From the Association of Producers of Petroleum in Mexico
Insidious character of oil concessions in Federal zones offsetting wells owned by association. Request for good offices.
222
Dec. 31 (489) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Mexican refusal of amparos requested by several U. S. oil companies against denouncements made by third parties.
225
Dec. 31 From the Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Association of Producers of Petroleum in Mexico
Request that attention of Mexican authorities be called to seriousness of wholesale denouncements of U. S. properties in favor of Mexicans.
225
[Page XXXIII]

MEXICO

Measures Proposed by the International Committee of Bankers on Mexico for the Protection of Investors in Mexican Securities

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Mar. 30 (97) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Press report of Mexico’s intention to resume interest payments on foreign debts. Inquiries.
226
Apr. 16 (110) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Official statement that interest payments will eventually be resumed and that coupons longest due will be paid first.
226
Apr. 28 (3117) From the Chargé in Mexico
Political developments and serious financial strain which will leave in abeyance foreign debt.
227
May 22 (244) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Mexican request to safeguard national deposits in New York City until accounts can be recovered by legal proceedings.
228
June 1 (162) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Notification to Department by New York City banks carrying Mexican national accounts that checks will not be honored until Mexico is recognized.
229
June 16 (292) From the Charge in Mexico (tel.)
Mexican request that Department advise New York banks to turn over to new Government all national funds.
229
June 19 (174) To the Charge in Mexico (tel.)
Inability to give assurance requested by New York bank regarding existence of de facto Government in Mexico.
230
Sept. 28 From the Alternate Chairman of the International Committee of Bankers on Mexico
Statement as to organization and composition of International Committee of Bankers on Mexico (text printed); comments.
23)
Oct. 5 From the Alternate Chairman of the International Committee of Bankers on Mexico
Summary of facts regarding organization of Committee, effective control of policy to remain in U. S. hands.
232
Nov. 2 To President Wilson
British and French desire to send joint committee to Mexico for preliminary discussions. Recommendation that committee be headed by American. Request for advice.
234
Dec. 27 From the Alternate Chairman of the International Committee of Bankers on Mexico
Proposed public announcement (text printed) regarding inadvisability of calling for deposit of Mexican securities at present.
235
Dec. 28 To the Alternate Chairman of the International Committee of Bankers on Mexico
No objection to publication of proposed announcement.
236
[Page XXXIV]

Proposals Looking toward the Establishment of a Mixed Claims Commission

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Oct. 9 (1161) To the Chargé in Mexico
Message for Foreign Office (substance printed) commenting on decree of Aug. 30, 1919, and inquiring whether Mexico is prepared to enter into arrangement for consideration by mixed commission of claims of U. S. citizens.
236
1920 Feb. 6 (28) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.).
Mexican willingness to enter into arrangement for mixed claims commission.
240
Mar. 6 (77) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.).
U. S. desire to receive concrete proposal as basis for negotiations or to submit draft of convention on subject.
240
Sept. 13 (392) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.).
Publication of Executive decree amending art. 15 of Executive decree of Aug. 30, 1919, regarding time for presenting claims.
241

Embargo on the Shipment of Arms and Ammunition from the United States to Mexico

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Apr. 15 Department Memorandum
Conversation between the Secretary of State and Mexican Chargé, in which the Chargé calls attention to the irregular shipment of arms across frontier.
241
Apr. 22 Department Memorandum
Conversation between the Secretary of State and the Mexican Charge concerning the desire of Carranza Government to import arms and ammunition, and renewal of warning against irregular shipments.
241
May 1 Ruling of the Department of State, Requiring Licenses for the Exportation of War Materials to Mexico
Enumeration of articles for which formal application for licenses should be made.
242
May 1 From the Consul at Monterey (tel.)
Request of Governor Santos for aid in securing permission to import munitions from the United States. Consul’s suggestion to take up question with Mexican Foreign Minister.
243
May 4 To the Consul at Monterey (tel.)
Approval of consul’s suggestion to Governor on question of munitions.
243
May 12 From the Consul at Nogales (tel.)
Recommendation for favorable action on Sonora’s application for permission to import certain arms and ammunition from the United States.
243
[Page XXXV]May 14 To the Consul at Nogales (tel.)
Refusal to permit exportation of arms and ammunition to Sonora at this time.
244
July 2 (TS 523.82–R–Tpn General) From the Secretary of War
Circular CCS–40 of the American Railway Association (text printed) regarding embargo on shipments of arms and ammunition to Mexican border; certain exceptions.
244
July 28 From the Governor of Lower California (tel.)
Repetition of urgent request for permission to import U. S. munitions for protection of native and U. S. property, including irrigation system.
246
July 31 From the Consul at Mexicali (tel.)
Securing by Cantu government of explosives by commandeering shipments to Imperial irrigation district in Mexico.
246
Aug. 2 To the Consul at Mexicali (tel.)
Prohibition of shipments of explosives to Mexicali district.
247
Aug. 31 From the Consul at Mexicali (tel.)
Recommendation for approval of Governor Salazar’s request to import airplanes.
247
Sept. 24 To the Consul in Charge at Mexico City
Decision to permit exportation to Mexico of moderate quantities of small arms and ammunition in view of imports received by that country from Europe.
247
Dec. 15 From the Chief of the Division of Mexican Affairs to the Second Assistant Secretary of State
Modification of restrictions on shipment of arms and ammunition to Mexican border.
248
Dec. 24 (OD 4164) From the Secretary of War
Supplement 1 to circular CCS–40 of the American Railway Association (text printed) for modification of embargo, concurred in by War Department and American Railway Association.
248

Termination of the Mexican Case against William O. Jenkins, Consular Agent at Puebla

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Jan. 17 (1254) To the Chargé in Mexico
Instructions to report views of Jenkins, consular agent at Puebla, regarding reimbursement for financial losses suffered by him as consequence of abduction.
250
Jan. 24 (23) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to investigate press report that Jenkins’ case has been satisfactorily settled.
251
[Page XXXVI]Jan. 27 (15) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Secretary’s opinion that all international difficulties growing out of Jenkins’ case have terminated.
251
Feb. 2 (2836) From the Chargé in Mexico
Note from Mexican Acting Foreign Secretary (text printed) declining to issue exequatur in favor of Jenkins as U. S. consular agent at Puebla, and canceling provisional authorization.
251
Feb. 4 (2848) From the Chargt in Mexico
Letter from Jenkins (text printed) regarding reimbursement.
252
Feb. 9 (33) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Press interview with Attorney General of Puebla in which Jenkins is accused of many crimes and U. S. Embassy of bad faith.
255
Feb. 10 (42) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to request explanation of Attorney General’s accusations and to suggest expediency of public statement clearing Embassy of imputation of bad faith.
256
Feb. 17 (45) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Office note verbale (text printed) stating that evidence against Jenkins was obtained through violence of witnesses and that accusation was without foundation.
256
Feb. 22 (52) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) disavowing Attorney General’s accusation against Embassy and inviting publication of correspondence.
257
Mar. 3 (73) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Expression of satisfaction over official disavowal of Attorney General’s press statement, thereby closing the incident.
258
June 29 (311) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Renewed investigation disclosing false testimony in Jenkins’ case; his abduction by Cordova.
258
Aug. 14 (3318) From the Chargé in Mexico
Decision of Supreme Court that Jenkins’ case should be tried by district judge of Puebla; expectation of early and favorable verdict.
258
Dee. 4 (468) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Telegram from Jenkins (text printed) reporting favorable decision by Federal judge in his case, setting him at liberty and canceling bond.
259
[Page XXXVII]

NETHERLANDS

Petroleum Exploitation in the Dutch East Indies

representations by the united states against the discriminatory effect of new petroleum legislation—intimation by the united states that the retaliatory provisions of the act of february 25, 1920, would be enforced against the citizens of the netherlands and other nonreciprocating countries

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Jan. 27 (254) From the Consul at Batavia
Report on mineral oil concessions and rights in Nether-land India (text printed).
260
Apr. 3 (1162) To the Chargé in the Netherlands
Inquiry regarding advisability of making representations to Netherlands with reference to its petroleum policy in Netherland India and regarding any commercial considerations that might affect modification of petroleum regulations.
264
Apr. 24 (6) To the Minister in the Netherlands
Proposed legislation by Netherlands granting exclusive right to Dutch company to exploit Djambi oil fields, to exclusion of U. S. capital; instructions to keep Department informed regarding developments.
266
June 5 (105) From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.)
Informal conversation with Foreign Minister and head of economic section regarding mineral oil concessions and rights in Netherland India.
267
June 30 From the Netherland Chargé
Statement that American citizens have with respect to East Indian Mining Law, as amended in 1918, the same facilities to obtain contracts as Netherland subjects.
268
June 30 The Netherland Minister for Foreign Affairs to the American Minister
Note from Royal Ministry for Colonies (text printed) giving information relative to exploration of petroleum fields by foreigners in Netherland India.
269
July 7 (157) From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.)
Inquiry whether Netherland policy of Government reserve, making no distinction between Dutch citizens and foreigners, is cause for U. S. retaliation.
270
July 17 (493) To the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.)
Opinion that Netherlands has not granted reciprocal privileges; instructions to intimate to Netherlands existence of strong public sentiment in U. S. for retaliation.
271
July 22 (198) From the Minister in the Netherlands
Representations to the Netherlands; Foreign Minister’s reply upholding his oil-mining policy.
272
Aug. 12 (212) From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.)
Foreign Office note in which is disclosed failure to understand U. S. position. Request for views before replying.
274
Aug. 18 (535) To the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.)
Instructions to defer answer to Foreign Office pending further information.
275
[Page XXXVIII]Aug. 27 (237) From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.)
Desire of Sinclair Consolidated Oil to participate in Djambi concession and suggestion for strong pressure by Legation. Request for instructions.
275
Sept. 4 (555) To the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.)
Instructions to present U. S. opinion that granting of concessions to a single company can hardly fail to be construed as a measure of exclusion and that it compromises the principle of equal opportunity.
276
Sept. 15 (254) From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.)
Measure before Chamber for development of Djambi oil fields by Bataafsche Petroleum Maatschappij under Government control, to exclusion of U. S. capital. Suggestion for retaliation.
277
Sept. 22 (573) To the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.)
Letter from Secretary of Interior (excerpt printed) expressing opinion that there must be reciprocity not only in letter of law but in its administration; instructions of Secretary of Interior to Land Office (text printed) advising not to issue permits or leases to citizens of Netherlands.
278
Sept. 27 From the Netherland Chargé
Statements intended to prove that foreigners have equal rights with Dutch under Indian Mining Law.
279
Oct. 6 (587) To the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.)
Instructions to telegraph results of conversation with Foreign Office regarding intention of Secretary of Interior to exclude Netherland citizens from U. S. public lands. Inquiries.
280
Oct. 7 (269) From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.)
Information from Foreign Minister that Government will conclude agreement with Bataafsche Co. and that U. S. capital can participate only by agreement with that company.
281
Oct. 8 (270) From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.)
Opinion that Bataafsche Co. may be induced to allow U. S. capital to participate.
281
Oct. 16 (591) To the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.)
Instructions to proceed with negotiations, observing certain considerations enumerated.
282
Oct. 16 (271) From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.)
Note from Dutch representative of Bataafsche Co. (text printed) refusing to advocate the bringing of a third party into contract.
283
Oct. 20 (272) From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.)
Opinion of Minister of Colonies that there is still a possibility of solving problem of American participation.
283
[Page XXXIX]Nov. 2 To the Netherland Chargé
Reply to note of Sept. 27 by presenting U. S. policy past and present regarding land-leasing laws and decision to apply present law of reciprocity in dealing with Nether-landers in the United States.
284
Nov. 11 (97) To the Minister in the Netherlands
Information, with reference to Bataafsche Co.’s inquiry whether admission of the United States to participation would remove U. S. restrictions on Netherlanders, that operation of U. S. law could not be relaxed in light of purely private arrangement, with no change in Netherland laws or policy.
286
Nov. 23 (281) From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.)
Introduction into Second Chamber of bill for exploitation of Djambi oil fields under Government control.
288
Dec. 4 (385) From the Minister in the Netherlands
Note from Foreign Minister (text printed), attributing state of affairs to lack of U. S. interest in obtaining and exploiting concessions in past and stating that arrangement is for profit of state; inadvisability of endeavoring to obtain modification of existing laws at present; desirability of insisting on private arrangement with Bataafsche Co.
288

NICARAGUA

Presidential Elections

remonstrance by the united states against the unconstitutional candidacy of president chamorro for reelection-rejection by president chamorro of the united states government’s recommendations for a reform of the electoral law-public statement by the united states of its disinterestedness as between rival candidates-proclamation by president chamorro providing safeguards for a free election—conservative victory at the polls-renewed suggestions by the united states for a reform of the electoral law

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Aug. 5 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Interview with Nicaraguan Minister regarding possible candidacy of President Chamorro for reelection.
292
1920 Feb. 12 (11) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to apprise President Chamorro of Department’s objections to his proposed candidacy because of unconstitutionality.
293
Feb. 26 (5) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Probable abandonment by President of hope of becoming candidate for reelection.
293
[Page XL]Apr. 14 From the Judge Advocate General, War Department
Examination of Nicaraguan electoral code and opinion that it lacks usual safeguards.
293
May 4 (14) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Nomination by Conservative Party of Diego Chamorro as Presidential candidate.
294
May 29 (20) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to suggest revision of election laws and desirability of expert advice by General Crowder.
294
June 15 (19) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
President’s rejection of recommendations for reform. Minister’s suggestion for public statement of U. S. attitude.
295
June 26 (25) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Authorization to issue statement (text printed) regarding U. S. disinterestedness as between rival candidates and desire for free and fair election in Nicaragua.
295
Aug. 23 (33) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Violence in Managua incident to registration, with imprisonment of several party leaders by Government authorities.
296
Aug. 26 (39) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to present verbally statement (text printed) regarding disturbances attendant upon registration throughout the Republic.
297
Sept. 10 (2) From the Special Military Attaché at Managua (tel.)
Evidence of padding of registration lists of Conservatives and elimination of Coalition supporters from catalogues; suggestions for securing fair election under law or revision of law.
298
Sept. 16 (43) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Objections to military attache’s suggestions. Recommendations for securing equitable representation by both parties. Instructions.
300
Sept. 20 (41) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Light vote in election for members of election boards. Instructions of Coalition Party to its members to abstain from voting because of incomplete registration and fear of intimidation by police.
301
Sept. 21 (3) From the Special Military Attaché at Managua (tel.)
Survey and report on electoral problem, including statistics which disclose relative strength of opposing parties and which will aid in determining extent of duplicated voters.
301
Sept. 22 President Chamorro to the Nicaraguan Chargé
Instructions to assure the United States of free and fair election and to state reasons why U. S. recommendation cannot be adopted.
303
[Page XLI]Sept. 28 (46) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Measures proposed by President providing safeguards for free election. Offer of good offices by Guatemalan and Cuban Ministers.
303
Sept. 30 (47) From the Special Military Attaché at Managua (tel.)
Presidential proclamation covering subject matter of Department’s suggestions of Sept. 16 for securing fair election.
304
Oct. 4 (47) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Report on first day of election.
305
Oct. 5 (5) From the Special Military Attaché at Managua (tel.)
Termination of elections without disturbance. Report on incomplete returns. Coalition Party’s protest against election.
305
Oct. 11 (47) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to get report from consul at Bluefields regarding Coalitionists’ protest against action of Government in conducting elections.
306
Dec. 1 (51) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Conclusion reached by Department of unfair election. Instructions to renew suggestions for reform in electoral law and to investigate feasibility of compromise by formation of Coalition Cabinet to allay widespread dissatisfaction.
306
Dec. 9 (63) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Consideration by President of proposed election expert to draft a new election law, and of appointment of Coalition Cabinet. Inquiry whether new law would be retroactive.
308
Dec. 11 (53) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to inform President that any new election law passed would not be retroactive.
309
Dec. 13 (64) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Acceptance by President of General Crowder as election-law expert. Conference looking to arrangement with Liberal Party. Inquiry whether time is propitious for making public U. S. decision regarding elections.
309
Dec. 15 (55) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to ascertain if new law will be presented to Congress immediately upon completion and if work of expert will be facilitated; desire for exchange of notes to confirm understanding; inadvisability of issuing statement as yet regarding U. S. position concerning elections.
309
Dec. 16 (65) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Death of Coalition Presidential candidate.
310
Dec. 18 (66) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
President’s consent to exchange of notes regarding election-law expert.
310
[Page XLII]Dec. 22 (917) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Foreign Minister’s note (text printed) requesting aid of U. S. expert in drafting new election law.
311
Dec. 23 (68) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Announcement by Congress of election of Diego Chamorro as President. Suggestion that Department’s decision regarding election be announced. Inquiry as to attendance at inauguration.
312
Dec. 29 (57) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to attend inauguration thus indicating U. S. recognition of Diego Chamorro as President.
312

PANAMA

Negotiations Relating to the Acquisition by the United States of Lands on the Island of Taboga and on Las Minas Bay for the Better Protection of the Panama Canal

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Jan. 19 To the Panaman Chargé
Necessity for acquisition by the United States of part of Taboga Island for fortifications for protection of Panama Canal; assurance of consideration for inhabitants.
314
Jan. 29 (43) From the Panaman Chargé
Transmittal to Panaman Government of U. S. note regarding expropriation of part of Taboga Island with request for instructions.
314
Feb. 17 (60) From the Panaman Chargé
Request for indemnification for Largo Remo, occupied by U. S. Government; expediency of establishing modus operandi for solution of differences of interpretation of art. II of Canal Treaty.
315
Apr. 30 (208) From the Panaman Chargé
Inquiry as to extent of land desired for fortifications on Taboga, demand for compensation, and refusal to recognize War Department’s representative there.
317
May 7 (220) From the Panaman Chargé
Request for certain considerations for comfort of Taboga residents in case of U. S. occupation.
319
May 19 To the Panaman Chargé
Assurance of conciliating best interests of Taboga residents with requirements of Canal Zone.
320
July 14 From the Secretary of War
Panaman note to Executive Secretary of Panama Canal (text printed) authorizing provisional occupation of certain areas in Taboga pending negotiations for special agreement for legal transfer of sovereignty, as well as arrangements for indemnification and compensation.
320
[Page XLIII]

PARAGUAY

Termination of the Asuncion Port Concession of the Construction and Engineering Finance Company; Representations by the United States on Behalf of the Company

Date and number Subject Page
1917 Dec. 10 To the Chargé in Paraguay (tel.)
Instructions to use good offices to obtain extension of contract of Construction & Engineering Finance Co., which, owing to the war, has been unable to finance construction of port and dock system.
323
1918 Feb. 11 From the Chargé in Paraguay (tel.)
President’s refusal to extend contract, denying force majeure and charging failure to comply with promises.
323
June 7 Memorandum by Mr. Ferdinand Mayer, Division of Latin American Affairs
Recommendation to Department not to assist Port Works Co. in obtaining extension of concession in view of report from Legation at Asunción (text printed) pointing out possible conflict with interests of U. S. meat packing concerns there and other disadvantages.
323
June 12 To the Minister in Paraguay (tel.)
Instructions to assist company only in securing opportunity to state its case to Paraguayan officials.
325
Oct. 1 From the Minister in Paraguay
Possible purchase of port works by Italo Argentino Co. and intimation of loan to Paraguay in consideration of renewal of concession.
325
Dec. 14 To the Minister in Paraguay (tel.)
Instructions to state that U. S. financial and contracting interests would appreciate opportunity of presenting competitive offers in connection with port concession and foreign loan.
326
Dec. 23 (397) From the Minister in Paraguay
Possibility of loan to Paraguay by French Superveille Co. in connection with concession, and evidence of combination with Engineering Construction and Finance Co.; Foreign Minister’s statement that no concession will be granted, port improvement will be made by Government, and U. S. loan will be favorably considered for this purpose and for stabilizing monetary system and retiring outstanding loans.
326
1919 Feb. 7 (3) To the Paraguayan Minister
Presentation of facts and extenuating circumstances in representations to Department by Construction and Engineering Finance Co. regarding termination of port concession; Department’s views and suggestion that extension of time be granted.
328
Feb. 26 To the Paraguayan Minister
Corrected statement regarding certain details in Department’s note of 7th instant.
330
[Page XLIV]Mar. 13 To the Paraguayan Minister
Availability of funds for carrying out contract by company as soon as Paraguayan consent to extension of time is given.
331
Mar. 25 To the Minister in Paraguay (tel.)
Instructions to cooperate with company’s representative in presenting matter to Government.
331
Apr. 19 To the Paraguayan Minister
Inquiry as to Paraguayan Government’s reply to representations regarding extension of company’s concession.
331
Apr. 21 (4444) From the Minister in Paraguay
No representative of company in Asunción; intention to cooperate as instructed should opportunity arise.
332
May 13 (124) To the Minister in Paraguay
Reply to Minister’s 397, informing him that proposed loan contemplates furnishing of gold reserve only.
332
Oct. 17 Mr. Howard S. Le Roy, Office of the Solicitor, to the Solicitor
Summary of recent developments in port concession case submitted with view to formulating position of Department in view of (1) modification of Superveille contract assuring incorporation and control in the United States upon formation of new firm and (2) concessions offered meat packers by port company. Correspondence on subject (texts printed).
333
Dec. 13 To the Paraguayan Minister
Inquiry as to reply to Department’s notes regarding extension of concession; confirmation of earlier conclusions concerning justice and feasibility of request and assurances that enterprise will be backed by U. S. capital.
337
Dec. 13 To the Minister in Paraguay (tel.)
Instructions to request reconsideration of decision in case of port company in view of fact that it is all-American firm, possessed of ample financial means, and that packing company has withdrawn objections.
338
Dec. 24 From, the Minister in Paraguay (tel.)
Presentation of request for reconsideration of declared forfeiture of port concession; probable delay on part of Government officials in view of approaching elections.
339
Dec. 27 (561) From the Minister in Paraguay
Formal note sent to Foreign Minister (text printed) in defense of port works company, with view to securing reasonable extension of concession.
339
1920 Jan. 8 (568) From the Minister in Paraguay
Foreign Minister’s reply (text printed) stating that Legation’s note has been delivered to President.
340
[Page XLV]Apr. 2 (150) To the Minister in Paraguay
Conference between Paraguayan Minister and representatives of company with regard to reinstatement of concession, at which it was proposed to modify its terms with view to making it acceptable to both parties, failing which, case was to be submitted to arbitration.
341
Aug. 25 (164) To the Chargé in Paraguay
Announcement of creation of Asunción Port Concession Corp. in combination with original company; transmittal of certain authenticating papers.
342

PERSIA

Failure of Measures Taken by Great Britain to Give Effect to the Anglo-Persian Agreement of August 9, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Feb. 26 (7) From the Minister in Persia (tel.)
British military mission and financial and customs revision commission working in conjunction with Persian Government.
344
July 2 (3113) From the Chargé in Great Britain
Questions and Answers in House of Commons June 22, 1920 (text printed), regarding measures taken to give effect to Anglo-Persian Agreement of Aug. 9, 1919, and denial of preference given British subjects.
344
Aug. 19 (25) From the Minister in Persia (tel.)
Report on political situation; withdrawal of part of British advisers because of their conviction that Anglo-Persian Agreement will never be accepted by Persians.
346

Petroleum Concessions

the d’arcy and khochtaria concessions—favorable disposition of the government of the united states toward the participation of american companies in the exploitation of petroleum in northern persia

Date and number Subject Page
1920 May 18 (581) From the Minister in Persia
Oil concessions granted by Persian Government to Wm. K. D’Arcy in 1901, now held by Anglo-Persian Oil Co., and to Mr. Khochtaria, a Russian subject, in 1916 (texts printed); information concerning concessions still available.
347
Aug. 12 To the Persian Minister
Probability that U. S. companies will seek petroleum concessions in northern Persia. Statement that Standard Oil of New Jersey is interested.
352
[Page XLVI]Aug. 16 (151) To the Minister in Persia
Information regarding efforts of British to acquire oil concessions in northern provinces and favorable attitude of Persia toward entrance of U. S. interests; instructions to inform Foreign Minister of desire of important American oil company to make satisfactory agreement with Persia.
353
Sept. 11 (28) From the Minister in Persia (tel.)
Prospect of definite determination of status of oil concessions when Medjlis convenes.
355
Nov. 17 (27) To the Minister in Persia (tel.)
Apprehension that confirmation of Anglo-Persian Agreement might jeopardize U. S. opportunity to obtain concessions; instructions to make representations should British claim prior rights, pointing out disavowal by Parliament of preferential treatment of British.
355
Nov. 29 (30) To the Minister in Persia (tel.)
Instructions to insure that U. S. position is understood by new Foreign Minister, in view of information concerning British efforts to negotiate for Russian concession in northern provinces.
356
Dec. 17 Memorandum by Mr. A. C. Millspaugh, Office of the Foreign Trade Adviser
Conversation between Trade Adviser and Persian Minister in which latter inquires attitude of Department toward possible private loan in the United States and states opinion that such loan would insure grant of concession; purchase of Russian concession by British interests.
356

PERU

Recognition of the Leguía Government by the United States

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Dec. 16 From the Peruvian Chargé
Request for provisional recognition of appointed Peruvian Ambassador pending recovery of President Wilson.
358
Dec. 17 From the Peruvian Appointed Ambassador
Transmittal of copies of letters of credence and recall of predecessor.
358
Dec. 17 From the Peruvian Appointed Ambassador
Letter from Leguía to President Wilson announcing that he has assumed Presidency of Peru on strength of his election by the people.
359
1920 Jan. 18 (18) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Proclamation of new Constitution; expediency of U. S. recognition as de jure Government.
359
[Page XLVII]Apr. 13 To the Peruvian Appointed Ambassador
Information that President Wilson’s reply to Leguía’s announcement will be delivered by U. S. Ambassador who has departed for Peru.
360
Apr. 27 (72) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Report that credentials have been presented and duties assumed.
360

Peruvian Confiscation Act of December 26, 1919, against Participants in Rebellion; Its Annulment at the Suggestion of the United States

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Jan. 3 (440) From the Chargé in Peru
Bill passed by National Assembly providing for confiscation of property of conspirators against Government; protests. Charge’s interviews with President.
360
Jan. 3 (1) To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Instructions to intimate to President that passing of confiscation bill would be grave error in judgment.
362
Jan. 8 (9) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
President’s decision not to promulgate confiscation law; recommendation to Congress for modification thereof (text printed).
362
Feb. 11 (22) To the Charge in Peru (tel.)
Inquiries regarding substitute for confiscation law.
363
Feb. 12 (33) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
President’s explanation of substitute bill; his willingness to abolish law if objectionable or if affecting U. S. capital.
363
Mar. 23 (56) From the Charge in Peru (tel.)
President’s statement that confiscation law has not been promulgated and his request for Department’s opinion regarding it.
364
Mar. 29 (41) To the Charge in Peru (tel.)
Further inquiries concerning terms of present Peruvian law regarding those who participate in rebellion.
365
Apr. 2 (60) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Provisions of Peruvian penal code for punishment of crimes against internal peace. Opinion as to adequacy of law.
365
Apr. 7 (44) To the Charge in Peru (tel.)
Authorization to state that proposed law might have unfortunate and disquieting effect, particularly upon foreign investors in Peru.
366
July 7 (9) To the Ambassador in Peru
Authorization to state, if requested, that Department would look with favor upon repeal of confiscation law.
366
Sept. 9 (531) From the Chargé in Peru
Annulment of confiscation law.
367
[Page XLVIII]

Appointment of a Naval Mission from the United States to Peru

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Oct. 27 From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
President’s request for U. S. naval commission to direct and reorganize Peruvian Navy, and for U. S. marine police for Callao.
367
Nov. 10 To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Instructions to state that question of naval commission is receiving consideration.
368
1920 Jan. 8 (10) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
President’s request that naval affairs commission be sent to Peru as soon as possible.
368
Jan. 14 (12) To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Inquiry as to President’s exact requirement and instructions to state that request is being taken up with Navy Department.
368
Jan. 15 (17) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
President’s request for three naval officers as commission, one of high rank, with power to employ additional U. S. officers.
369
Aug. 24 (81) To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Personnel of naval mission; departure for Peru.
369

POLAND

War with Russia

critical situation of poland after the collapse of denikin and Kolchak—unwillingness of the united states to take any responsibility in advising poland-failure of the other friendly powers to agree upon a common policy-american note to poland urging moderation in victory—refusal by the united states to cooperate in forcing the passage of war material for poland through danzig-statement of the position of the united states regarding poland’s eastern boundary

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Jan. 8 (1933) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Extract from “Wireless News” of Dec. 23, 1919 (text printed), concerning Bolsheviks’ proposal of peace to Poland.
370
Jan. 17 (27) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Survey of grave predicament of Poland, which is threatened with alternative of making peace with Bolsheviks or being crushed by them.
371
Jan. 18 (28) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Poland’s lack of war supplies and decision to seek support of Allies; failing this, to consider conclusion of peace with Bolsheviks.
375
[Page XLIX]Jan. 28 (155) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Position taken by British and other Allies toward Polish difficulty. Polish inquiry as to U. S. attitude toward possible peace with Bolsheviks. Warsaw informed.
376
Jan. 30 (51) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
For Polk: Inquiry whether the United States desires Poland to resist Bolshevik attack or make peace with them.
377
Jan. 30 (52) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Bolshevik proposal for immediate armistice; probability of opening negotiations for peace.
377
Feb. 5 (54) To the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Refusal of advice to Poland regarding specific policy toward Russia. Information for U. S. Minister indicating probable unwillingness of the United States to supply military and economic aid.
378
Feb. 8 (68) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Discussion of points in proposed reply of Poland to Bolsheviks. Polish desire to abide by advice of Allies. Copy sent to London and Paris.
378
Feb. 13 (73) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Polish note sent to France stating that large Bolshevik offensive is expected soon and proposing that expenses of armed resistance be shared by Allies and long-term loan be granted to Poland.
380
Feb. 19 (86) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Failure of Allies to agree upon a common policy for Poland; recommendation that Department endeavor to reach understanding with them.
380
Mar. 22 (162) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Publication of substance of proposed peace terms, which are far-reaching; increased feeling of independence and self-importance of Polish people, attributable to failure of Allies to guide Poland.
381
Mar. 27 (173) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Polish proposal to Moscow of date and place for peace negotiations.
382
Mar. 31 (187) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Soviet Government’s acceptance of invitation to discuss peace, proposing armistice and suggesting Estonia as meeting place instead of place within Polish lines.
382
Mar. 31 (190) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Polish reply to Soviet Government insisting upon meeting at Borysow and declining to agree to armistice.
383
Apr. 19 (1212) From the Polish Appointed Minister
Impasse in peace negotiations; explanations as to Polish stand regarding place of meeting and request for U. S. corroboration.
383
[Page L]June 12 (323) From the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Polish evacuation of Kiev for strategic purposes; disturbing factors in situation, such as detaining by Czechs of munition trains destined for Poland.
384
July 31 From the Polish Minister
Polish note for the President (text printed) expressing appreciation of U. S. friendship in this hour of country’s greatest need.
385
Aug. 4 (424) From the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Approach of Red armies toward Warsaw; request for authorization to move consulate and larger part of staff to safer place; problem of evacuation of American Jews.
385
Aug. 4 (1170) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Polish proposal, in view of desperate situation, to secure joint arrangement between the United States and Great Britain for supplying troops and funds to Poland.
386
Aug. 6 (846) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Refusal to enter into arrangement, which would be in effect U. S. loan to Poland.
387
Aug. 8 (437) From the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Further advance of Red army to vicinity of Warsaw; decision of Charge to remain until Polish Ministers leave.
387
Aug. 9 (945) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
View that grave consequences would result from violation of German neutrality by transporting war material and troops across Germany to Poland.
388
Aug. 13 (1374) To the Chargé in France (tel.)
Instructions to acquaint Foreign Office with views expressed by Commissioner at Berlin in no. 945 and to keep Department informed.
388
Aug. 18 (1577) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Official notification to Polish representative at Danzig that, unless instructions are received from London, munition ships would not be permitted to unload at Danzig.
389
Aug. 20 (1578) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Inquiry whether recommendation should be made favoring transportation of supplies to Warsaw, in case matter comes before Conference of Ambassadors.
389
Aug. 20 (1582) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Official assurance that France does not contemplate sending supplies or troops to Poland across German territory.
390
Aug. 21 From the Consul at Danzig (tel.)
Proclamation of strict neutrality by Danzig; impossibility of discharging cargoes for Poland at present.
390
[Page LI]Aug. 21 (1391) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Authorization to express to Conference of Ambassadors hope that transportation of supplies may be facilitated for defense of Polish territory; disapproval of transporting supplies through territories where resistance is shown.
391
Aug. 21 (363) To the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Note for Poland (text printed) urging termination of war, disapproving offensive program against Russia, and recommending moderation and observance of Poland’s eastern boundary as indicated by Peace Conference.
(Sent also to Chargé in Great Britain for British Government with instructions to repeat to Ambassadors in France and Italy for similar action.)
391
Aug. 24 (463) From the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Polish claim to ethnographic frontier to east of that indicated by Peace Conference; desire for peace with satisfactory boundary solution; otherwise, continuation of war in cooperation with Wrangel.
392
Aug. 24 (1604) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Telegram from Lloyd George to British Ambassador in France (text printed) advocating U. S. and Allied cooperation in insuring freedom of port of Danzig for Polish commerce, in accordance with terms of Versailles Treaty.
393
Aug. 25 (1400) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
U. S. refusal to participate in protection of Danzig, because of not being a party to Versailles Treaty. Decision to send warship, however, for protection of U. S. citizens.
(Instructions to repeat to Commission at Danzig and to Berlin for information.)
394
Aug. 27 (550) From the British Ambassador
Dispatch of British and French naval forces to Danzig. Request for U. S. similar action.
395
Aug. 27 From the Under Secretary of State
Reply to British request, indicating impossibility of similar U. S. action; probability, however, of sending warship to protect U. S. citizens, which would satisfy British.
395
Aug. 27 (468) From the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Conveyance of ammunition for Poland through Danzig as result of energetic measures taken by Great Britain and France.
396
Aug. 28 (2862) From the Polish Minister
Expression of appreciation of U. S. moral support as instrumental in securing victory for Poland; condemnation of Bolshevism.
396
Aug. 30 (2864) From the Polish Minister
Reply to Department’s Aug. 21 (text printed) expressing desire for peaceful relations with Russia but claiming right to advance over boundary laid down by peace conference in view of Bolshevik violations.
397
[Page LII]Aug. 30 (1629) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French concurrence in U. S. position regarding Polish situation as expressed in Department’s 363 to Chargé in Poland; similar instructions to French representative in Poland.
398
Aug. 31 From the Consul at Danzig (tel.)
Discharge of war material for Poland; preparations for final negotiations for constitution of Free City of Danzig and treaty with Poland, local situation having become normal. Arrival of U. S. warship.
399
Aug. 31 (1430) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Outline of U. S. attitude regarding situation in Poland and view that any reasonable measures to end conflict should be adopted.
(Instructions to repeat to London, Rome, Berlin, and Warsaw.)
399
Sept. 2 (483) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Report of interview with Polish officials regarding disadvantages imposed upon Poland by Allied restrictions as to boundary; serious predicament of Poland; necessity for concerted policy on part of Allies.
401
Sept. 18 (514) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Selfish efforts of military group to keep Poland from concluding peace; desire of general public for peace.
403
Sept. 20 From the Polish Minister
Appreciation of timely dispatch to Danzig of U. S. warship and its influence in pacifying local population.
404
Sept. 23 (399) To the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Instructions to advise informally, if requested, that Poland seek to make peace with Soviet Government.
405
Sept. 25 (1507) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to express desirability of complete agreement in recommendations to Poland, in case subject is taken before Conference of Ambassadors.
405
Sept. 29 (534) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Loss of offensive positions by Bolsheviks; desire of Polish Army and public for immediate peace.
406
Oct. 14 From the Russian Ambassador
Representations regarding injustice of Riga agreement, pointing out contradiction of Versailles Treaty and invalidity because of Bolshevik negotiation; hope that international approval be denied.
406
[Page LIII]

Obstructions to American Business Enterprises in Poland—Protests by the United States Government

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Feb. 2 (58) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Poland’s refusal to permit American Express Co., which handles remittance business of American Poles, to conduct business through local representative. Suggestion that Poland be apprised of folly of this action.
407
Feb. 13 (67) To the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Authorization to make representations against shortsighted policy in refusing to allow U. S. financial institutions to do business in Poland.
408
Mar. 5 (130) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Injury to Polish interests by continuing obstructionist policy of denying registration rights to American firms and thereby barring them from export trade. Inquiry as to treatment accorded Polish firms in the United States.
409
Mar. 17 (122) To the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Explanations as to registration in the United States, involving no discrimination against Polish corporations; instructions to point out probable unfortunate results in view of Poland’s need of U. S. economic assistance.
409
Mar. 18 (148) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Summary of notes from Departments of Commerce and Labor to Trade Commissioner (text printed) regarding threat of U. S. banks to accept no further payments for Poland in view of refusal by Polish banks to honor drafts.
410
Mar. 19 (152) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Indifference of officials and continued negligence in effecting improvement in service of Polish State Bank and post office in consequence of which thousands of remittances from America remain unpaid for long periods. Inevitability of retaliatory action by American Bankers’ Association.
410
Mar. 24 (131) To the Minister in Poland (tel.)
U. S. note for Government (text printed) protesting hostile attitude toward U. S. business interests in Poland and threatening to inform American public.
411
Mar. 25 (139) To the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Information that representations have been made to Polish Legation in Washington with added statement that communique will be given to press on subject if policy is not changed.
412
Mar. 28 (177) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Occurrences which have made necessary a positive stand against opposition to U. S. financial interests; official assurance that cause of complaint will be removed.
413
Mar. 30 (184) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Agreement whereby American Express Co. will turn over U. S. currency to Polish State Bank, which will make payments through post office, express company being allowed to provide personnel for clerical work.
413
[Page LIV]Apr. 1 (188) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Expressed willingness of Polish officials to secure immediate action in view of Minister’s charges of undue delay and additional causes for complaint.
414
A-pr. 2 (197) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Conference with various ministers; their anxiety to secure satisiactory solution of difficulties; assignment of commissioner for American affairs and other measures for immediate adjustment of all cases affecting foreigners.
415
May 4 (191) To the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Instructions to intimate that U. S. sanction may be given contemplated action of American Bankers’ Association to discontinue issuance of further drafts on Poland unless greater toleration for U. S. interests is shown.
416
May 10 (260) From the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Submission for Department’s approval of Polish proposition to conclude contract with Guaranty Trust Co. to handle remittances from America to Poland. Uncertainty as to monopolistic angle of contract.
416
May 25 (223) To the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Instructions to stress urgency of remittance situation and to state that the United States approves some centralization of remittance business in hands of responsible companies but refuses to agree to monopolistic arrangement.
416
June 9 (255) To the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Instructions to give notification that action looking to exclusion of U. S. financial concerns, with one or two exceptions selected arbitrarily, is inimical to U. S. interests, and to portend unfortunate results from failure to provide efficient means for payment of remittances.
417
July 2 (289) To the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Approval of proposed plan of American Bankers’ Association to discontinue issuance of drafts on Poland pending reciprocal treatment of U. S. financial interests by Poland.
419
July 8 (354) From the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Extract from Chargé’s note verbale (text printed) giving notice as instructed in Department’s 255.
419
July 21 (385) From the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Attitude of Minister of Finance in regard to remittance question; tentative agreement with U. S. banks which should solve problem.
420
[Page LV]

PORTUGAL

Agreement with the United States Further Extending the Duration of the Arbitration Convention of April 6, 1908

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Feb. 21 From the Portuguese Chargé
Application for further renewal of arbitration convention of 1908 which was extended for 5 years from June 28, 1913.
422
Mar. 24 To the Portuguese Chargé
U. S. consent to renewal of arbitration convention for 5-year period beginning Nov. 14, 1918. Transmittal of draft for approval and request for Portuguese equivalent.
422
May 9 From the Portuguese Chargé
Approval of draft agreement with suggestion for one slight change. Transmittal of Portuguese text.
423
June 2 To the Portuguese Chargé
Acceptance of suggested change in text of agreement; information that full power will be forwarded to U. S. Minister at Lisbon.
423
Sept. 14 Agreement between the United States and Portugal
Agreement (text printed) for further extension of arbitration convention of 1908.
424

RUMANIA

Refusal of the United States to Become Involved in a Discussion of Rumania’s Claims in the Province of Bessarabia

Date and number Subject Page
1920 May 7 (1172) From the Ambassador in France
Note from Secretariat General of Peace Conference enclosing draft treaty providing for reunion of Bessarabia with Rumania (texts printed) with request for U. S. attitude; note from Secretariat General quoting declaration of Supreme Council regarding Bessarabia (text printed); note of Lloyd George to Rumanian Premier (text printed) stating that Supreme Council decision on Bessarabia is contingent on evacuation of Hungary.
426
June 12 (1099) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Refusal to participate in Bessarabian treaty as tending to dismemberment of Russia.
432
Sept. 29 (1765) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
A last appeal to the United States to sign treaty before communicating terms thereof to Rumania.
432
Oct. 5 (1539) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions not to sign treaty disposing of Bessarabia; possibility of increasing Bolshevik influence.
(Instructions to repeat to Bucharest and London for information.)
433
Oct. 11 (1793) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Session of Conference of Ambassadors in which was discussed signing of Bessarabian treaty in view of U. S. disapproval.
433
[Page LVI]Oct. 29 (1866) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Signing of Bessarabian treaty Oct. 28, 1920, by Cambon, Derby, Jonesco, and Ghika and later by Ishii.
434
Nov. 7 (1588) From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
“Wireless News” message of 3d instant (text printed) in which Bolshevik officials refuse to recognize Bessarabian treaty. Paris informed.
434

RUSSIA

Policy of the United States toward the Soviet Government

memorandum by the secretary of state reviewing the past attitude of the united states toward russia—reluctance of the american government either to recognize the soviet authority or to countenance a dismemberment of russia-overture from chicherin proposing peace and commerce between russia and the united states-refusal by the united states to be represented on a proposed committee of the league of nations to investigate conditions in russia-denial of diplomatic status to ludwig martens, arrived in the united states as representative of the soviet government—formal statement by the united states government of its views regarding russia in a note to the italian ambassador; note from chicherin to the italian ambassador-deportation of martens

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Dec. 3 To President Wilson
Memorandum reviewing the past attitude of the United States toward Russia and making certain recommendations as to future policy.
436
1920 Jan. 8 (16) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to repeat to Legations at Warsaw and Prague and to Commissioner at Helsingfors telegram on futility of establishing relations with Russian Bolsheviks at present time (text printed).
444
Jan. 17 From the Russian Ambassador
Hope that U. S. influence will be used to prevent Bolshevik movement to the west and violation of Russia’s territorial integrity.
445
Feb. 25 (66) From the Minister in Sweden (tel.)
Message from Foreign Minister of Soviet Government (text printed) inviting negotiations with view to securing peace and commerce with the United States.
447
Feb. 26 (67) From the Minister in Sweden (tel.)
Messages from Soviet Government to Japan and Rumania regarding peace.
448
Feb. 27 (336) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Proposal by League of Nations to send commission of investigation into Russia; probable inclusion of an American on commission. Request for U. S. attitude.
448
[Page LVII]Mar. 5 (80) From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Bolshevik proposals of peace to Japan, intimating readiness to recognize Japanese domination in Asia and suggesting withdrawal of Japanese troops from Siberia.
449
Mar. 8 (120) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Apprehension of Bolshevik courier bound for America on behalf of Communist Internationale; transmittal of papers found in his possession.
449
Mar. 12 (259) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to state, if requested, that U. S. membership on commission to Russia, official or otherwise, would not be approved.
(Repeated to Ambassador in France for information.)
450
Mar. 13 (126) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Information regarding Bolshevik courier and papers found in his possession when apprehended.
451
Mar. 22 From the Russian Ambassador
Suggested announcement of U. S. attitude toward Russia, to serve as rallying point for constructive Russian nationalism and as beneficial to European politics.
451
Mar. 24 (495) From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Invitation from League of Nations (text printed) to be represented on commission of investigation to be sent into Russia.
453
Mar. 27 (318) To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Reply for presentation to League of Nations (text printed) declining to be represented in any capacity upon proposed commission to Russia.
455
Mar. 31 From Mr. L. Martens
Attempts to establish friendly relations with the United States as official representative of Russian Soviet Republic; protest against deportation proceedings; and disavowal of connection of his government with any activities interfering in U. S. internal affairs.
455
Apr. 8 To the Attorney General
Memorandum regarding diplomatic status of L. Martens and diplomatic immunity to be accorded him. Citation of precedents and international law on subject (texts printed).
457
May 7 (748) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Bolshevik refusal to admit commission which League of Nations proposed sending to investigate conditions in Russia.
461
Aug. 2 (821) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
U. S. views on Russian problems: disapproval of recognition of factions in Russia as independent governments.
(Instructions to repeat to Warsaw, Paris, and Rome.)
461
[Page LVIII]Aug. 10 To the Italian Ambassador
U. S. declaration of policy toward Russia: approval of independence of Finland, Poland, and Armenia; disapproval of further dismemberment of Russia; objections to Bolshevik rule and refusal to recognize Soviet Government.
463
Aug. 10 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to give fullest possible publicity to U. S. note of Aug. 10 to Italian Ambassador, and repeat to other European missions.
(Sent also to Chargé in Japan with instructions to repeat to Peking and summarize to Vladivostok and Harbin.)
468
Aug. 14 From the French Chargé
French accord with U. S. views as expressed in U. S. note of Aug. 10 to Italian Ambassador; explanations regarding recognition of Wrangel government in South Russia.
469
Aug. 18 Memorandum by the Third Assistant Secretary of State
Conference between Under Secretary of State and French Chargé regarding French accord with U. S. views on Russia and French attitude toward Germany.
471
Aug. 23 From the Russian Ambassador
Cable from Foreign Minister of South Russian government (text printed) expressing appreciation of U. S. note of Aug. 10 to Italian Ambassador.
471
Sept. 27 From the Czechoslovak Chargé
Czechoslovak accord with U. S. views as expressed in note of Aug. 10 to Italian Ambassador; sense of gratitude to Russia for support in struggle for liberty.
472
Oct. 4 (A–15) From Mr. L. Martens
Transmittal to Italian Ambassador of despatch of Commissar for Foreign Affairs (text printed) protesting against U. S. views regarding Russia as expressed in note of Aug. 10 to Italian Ambassador.
474
Nov. 29 From the Attorney General
Request for views as to applicability of sec. 3 of Immigration Act of Feb. 5, 1917, to status of Martens in connection with proceedings looking to deportation.
478
Nov. 30 To the Attorney General
Reply that provision cited in Immigration Act has no application to Martens.
478
Dec. 16 (1232) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Order for deportation of Martens.
480
Dec. 22 (422) From the Minister in Switzerland
Opinion of Russian Minister in Switzerland that American note of Aug. 10 to Italian Ambassador was influential in preventing dismemberment of Russia.
480
[Page LIX]

Withdrawal of the American Forces from Siberia

exchange of views between the japanese and american governments in consideration of the altered situation in siberia-proposal by japan to cooperate with the united states in maintaining the military “status quo” by reinforcements against the advance of the bolshevik forces—formal notification by the secretary of state, january 9, 1920, to the japanese ambassador that the american forces would be withdrawn

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Nov. 28 (6222) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Conversations between U. S. and Japanese representatives regarding altered situation in eastern Siberia and the three alternative courses of action proposed by Japan. Instructions to inquire as to future British course.
(Instructions to repeat to Paris for like information.)
481
Dec. 3 (3486) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
No change in British attitude toward Siberian situation; Prime Minister willing to treat with Bolsheviks for peace, and favors ultimate division of Russia into small independent states.
484
Dec. 27 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Japanese report of serious disturbances at Irkutsk and eagerness of Japanese military staff to send troops to this point; request for U. S. cooperation.
485
1920 Jan. 5 (21) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
French Foreign Office note (text printed) stating French attitude toward situation in Siberia; advisability of avoiding interference in internal affairs and of increasing troops to stem Bolshevism.
485
Jan. 7 (4) From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Japanese impatience at U. S. delayed decision regarding reinforcements for Siberia; pressure of military authorities for independent action.
486
Jan. 9 To the Japanese Ambassador
Notification that U. S. military forces and railway experts will be withdrawn from Siberia.
487
Jan. 9 (6) From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Request for information concerning report that U. S. troops have been ordered to withdraw from Siberia.
490
Jan. 9 (7) To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Instructions to repeat to Legation at Peking, to Harris, and to consul at Vladivostok, U. S. decision for withdrawal as notified to Japanese Ambassador on Jan. 9, 1920.
(Sent also, except first sentence, to Ambassador in Great Britain for communication to Foreign Office and for repetition to Paris, Rome, and Prague for like action.)
490
Jan. 9 (9) From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s inquiry regarding truth of report that U. S. forces had received orders to withdraw from Siberia.
491
[Page LX]Jan. 10 (10) To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Reference to Department’s Jan. 9 as reply to Ambassador’s inquiry regarding withdrawal of U. S. troops from Siberia. No authorization for prior announcement.
492
Jan. 11 (12) From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Telegram from commanding general in Siberia (text printed) affirming War Department’s orders of Jan. 7 to evacuate. Comment on Japanese attitude.
492
Jan. 12 (13) To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Explanations for Foreign Office regarding misconstruction placed upon War Department’s orders as to evacuation and assurance of U. S. intention to coordinate with Japan.
493
Jan. 12 (13) From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Arrival from Washington of Japanese Ambassador’s message regarding U. S. evacuation; presentation of Department’s explanations; Japanese criticism; request for information as to date of evacuation.
494
Jan. 14 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Japanese criticism of U. S. decision to evacuate; probable policy to be adopted by Japan.
495
Jan. 20 (22) From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Moderate tone of Japanese reply to U. S. notice of evacuation, notwithstanding feeling of disillusion among officials.
495
Jan. 22 To the Secretary of War
Assertion that mission of U. S. troops to Siberia will not have been accomplished until safe evacuation of Czechoslovaks is assured.
496
Jan. 22 From the Japanese Embassy
Acknowledgment of receipt of U. S. memorandum regarding withdrawal of troops and railway experts; gratification at intimation of no objections to Japan’s continuing activities in Siberia single-handed.
497
Jan. 23 From the Secretary of War
Information that concentration of U. S. troops in Siberia is military necessity.
498
Jan. 28 To the Secretary of War
Reports from U. S. representative on Inter-Allied Railway Committee and U. S. consul general in Siberia (texts printed) revealing necessity for presence of U. S. troops in safe evacuation of Czechoslovak troops.
498
Jan. 30 To the Japanese Embassy
Confirmation of intimation that no objections will be raised to continuation by Japan of U. S. Japanese policy in Siberia, with assumption that existing railway rights will not be impaired. Communication of this memorandum to British, French, and Italian Governments.
501
[Page LXI]Feb. 9 From the Secretary of War
Information that small contingent of U. S. troops will remain in Siberia until Apr. 1; reports from Vladivostok which show debarkation plans working well.
502
Feb. 18 To the Secretary of War
Report of serious difficulties impeding eastward movement of Czechoslovak troops and lack of armed support to Railway Service Corps who are assisting troops.
502
Feb. 19 From the Secretary of War
Information that arrival of Czechoslovak troops is about coincident with arrival of vessels allocated to transport them to Trieste.
503

Extension of Japanese Military Control in the Maritime Province and Sakhalin

japanese military control established at vladivostok and nikolsk―massacre of japanese at nikolaievsk and japanese occupation of nikolaievsk and north sakhalin-statement by the united states government to the japanese government that it could not recognize the occupation of sakhalin by non-russian authority

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Feb. 25 (66) From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Cabinet recommendation to Diplomatic Advisory Council for gradual withdrawal of Japanese troops from Siberia.
504
Feb. 27 (71) From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Plan of General Staff for ultimate complete withdrawal from Siberia with the exception of Vladivostok and Nikolsk.
504
Apr. 1 (150) From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Official press statement (text printed) affirming Japan’s intention to withdraw troops when evacuation of Czechoslovaks is completed and when menace to Japanese residents in Manchuria and Chosen is removed.
505
Apr. 3 From the Japanese Embassy
Reaffirmation of Japan’s policy in regard to withdrawal of troops from Siberia.
506
Apr. 5 (99) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Japanese military occupation of Vladivostok; presentation of six demands to provisional government.
506
Apr. 5 (157) From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Japanese semiofficial press announcement of six demands (text printed); Japanese intimation that Russians began the fighting at Vladivostok.
507
Apr. 6 (100) From the Consul General at Irkutsk, temporarily at Vladivostok, and the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Provisional government memorandum denying Russians attacked Japanese and demanding investigation by Allied commission and restoration of Vladivostok.
508
Apr. 6 (158) From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
War Office announcement (text printed) of attack upon Japanese forces by Russians at Vladivostok after consenting to Japanese demands; result, disarming of Russian troops.
509
[Page LXII]Apr. 16 (113) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Partial restoration of status quo at Vladivostok.
509
Apr. 21 (119) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Summary of proposition for peaceful settlement (text printed) presented by Japanese members on Russian-Japanese commission.
510
Apr. 25 (201) From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Foreign Office statement (text printed) regarding massacre of Japanese at Nikolaievsk and dispatch of Japanese troops via Sakhalin.
511
Apr. 30 (137) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Practical conclusion of Russo-Japanese agreement; discussion of its terms; conditions in and north of Nikolsk.
512
May 1 (141) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Conclusion and signing of agreement. Reported official Japanese statement that Japanese Siberian policy is not independent but is fully in accord with other Allies.
512
May 7 (172) To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Statement for publicity in Vladivostok, Peking, and Harbin (text printed) denying any U. S. agreement regarding eastern Siberia and Chinese Eastern Railway zone since agreement with Allies in 1919. Authorization to make above public in Japan.
513
June 4 (284) From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Official announcement that Japanese naval force has occupied Nikolaievsk.
513
June 9 (288) From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Official report of slaughter of 100 Japanese residents who survived Nikolaievsk massacre; demand for punitive measures against Partisans and suggestion for Japanese occupation of northern Sakhalin.
513
June 15 (297) From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s note (text printed) on reported mine laying and sinking of ships by Bolsheviks near Nikolaievsk; Japanese notice of intention to exercise control over these waters and over the landing of goods.
514
June 17 (302) From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Foreign Office account (text printed) of massacre of Japanese at Nikolaievsk and of expedition sent to investigate and to rescue survivors.
514
June 20 (307) From the Chargé in Japan
Japanese partial revocation of restrictions regarding navigation in waters north of Nikolaievsk.
515
July 3 From the Japanese Ambassador
Memorandum announcing Japanese decision to seize and occupy certain points in Sakhalin, to withdraw from Transbaikalia, and to maintain forces in Vladivostok and Khabarovsk.
516
[Page LXIII]July 13 To the Chinese Minister
Expression of appreciation of services rendered by Chinese officials in protection of U. S. lives during occurrences at Nikolaievsk.
517
July 16 To the Japanese Ambassador
Representations regarding Japanese policy in Siberia and refusal to recognize occupation of Sakhalin by any non-Russian authority.
517
July 20 (353) From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Destruction of wireless telegraph apparatus and fish-canning stations at Okhotsk by roving Bolsheviks; Japanese measures for protection of business interests there.
519
July 23 (360) From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Report that Japan will send brigade to northern Sakhalin, and mining experts to exploit mineral resources.
520
July 29 (378) From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Plan to arm and drill Japanese fishermen in Kamchatka for purpose of guarding canning stations, and to patrol Sea of Okhotsk.
520
Aug. 4 To the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Instructions to investigate Tokyo press statement that in 1914 Nikolaievsk was attached to district of Sakhalin.
521
Aug. 7 (264) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Information regarding decree which made Nikolaievsk a part of Sakhalin Province.
521
Aug. 13 From the Japanese Embassy
Memorandum in defense of Japanese policy of occupation of certain regions on mainland to safeguard interests of Japanese residents.
522
Sept. 20 From the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Japanese order for immediate evacuation of troops from territory north of Nikolsk and concentration near Vladivostok.
524
Sept. 29 (500) From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Revision of Russo-Japanese agreement concerning railway policing, due to withdrawal of Japanese from Habarovsk.
525
Oct. 5 From the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Estimated strength of Japanese army in Vladivostok district; arrival of fresh troops; collapse of government and subjugation of Russians.
525
Oct. 8 (46) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Disarming of Grodekovo Cossacks, to be replaced by militiamen with Japanese military support; collapse of currency except limited amount of yen.
525
[Page LXIV]Oct. 12 (53) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Increase in lawlessness and confusion; suggestions that Japan be requested to protect foreigners or that Allies establish international police.
526
Oct. 20 To the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Instructions to refrain from requesting Japanese protection.
526

Failure of Anti-Bolshevik Activities in Eastern Siberia

final collapse of the kolchak government-evacuation of transbaikalia by the japanese forces-dissolution of semenov’s power in transbaikalia

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Jan. 7 From the Consul at Harbin (tel.)
Indications of collapse of Kolchak government; Semenov’s activities.
527
Undated [Rec’d Jan. 17] (2) From the Chargé in China (tel.)
From Harris via Harbin: Report on conditions at Irkutsk; control by Social Revolutionaries; eviction of Semenov troops; detention of Kolchak; instructions to Gen. Janin to safeguard Kolchak’s person and bring out the gold.
527
Jan. 14 (4) From the Chargé in China (tel.)
From Harris via Harbin: Progress of Czech evacuation; clash between Czechs and Semenov near Lake Baikal, also between U. S. troops and Semenov.
528
Jan. 18 From the Consul at Harbin (tel.)
From Harris at Chita: Protest of Semenov and Governor General of Trans-Baikal against U. S. military order forbidding arrests in Verchniudinsk except by U. S. militia.
529
Jan. 19 From the Consul at Harbin (tel.)
From Harris at Chita: Supremacy of Bolsheviks; moderation of their policy of terrorism; suggestions as to Red Cross work.
529
Jan. 20 From the Consul at Harbin (tel.)
From Harris at Chita: Capture of certain Americans and entire Polish Army by Bolsheviks at Klyuchinskaya; fighting between Czech rear guard and Bolsheviks.
530
Jan. 22 From the Consul at Harbin (tel.)
Alleged order signed by Kolchak appointing Semenov to full governmental authority over eastern Siberia.
531
Jan. 25 From the Consul at Harbin (tel.)
From Harris at Chita: Intended immediate departure for Harbin; uncertainty as to ultimate end of Kolchak and the gold.
531
[Page LXV]Jan. 30 From the Chargé in China (tel.)
From Harris: Czech delivery of Kolchak and the gold to Bolsheviks; apparent failure of Janin to obey instructions.
532
Jan. 30 (34) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Resolution of diplomatic representatives of Allies to limit action of Allied military commanders to protection of lives and property of peaceful residents, in case of disorders.
532
Jan. 30 (35) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Attempt of insurgents to set up government in eastern Siberia; opposition of Rozanoff in Vladivostok, supported by Japanese; measures for protection of Americans.
532
Jan. 31 From the Consul General at Irkutsk, temporarily at Harbin (tel.)
Harassment of Czech troops by Bolsheviks; evacuation by U. S. and Czech troops through Semenov territory without incident.
534
Jan. 31 (39) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Arrival of insurgent contingent at Vladivostok; assumption of control by Zemstvo; escape of Rozanoff with aid of Japanese.
534
Feb. 4 (364) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Note from Russian delegation in Paris (text printed) protesting against detention of Kolchak by Bolsheviks and appealing to the United States and Allies to protect him.
535
Feb. 6 (43) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
From Smith: Zemstvos’ plans of government; their desire for Allied operation of railway until departure of troops and withdrawal of Japanese.
535
Feb. 8 From the Consul General at Irkutsk, temporarily at Vladivostok (tel.)
Report from Chita of bad condition of Kolchak troops and of Czech army, main body of latter being still west of Chita; splendid work of Red Cross among civilians.
536
Mar. 4 From the Consul at Harbin (tel.)
Presence of 3,000 Bolshevik troops near Chita; scattering of Semenov and Kolchak troops; attempt of Semenov to escape to Urga.
537
May 3 From the Consul at Harbin (tel.)
Reports of considerable fighting around Chita between Bolshevik partisans and Japanese, latter being assisted by Semenov.
537
May 27 From the Consul at Harbin (tel.)
Denunciation of Vladivostok government by Semenov who declares himself successor to Kolchak; his purpose to appoint administrator for Far Eastern Siberia.
538
[Page LXVI]May 31 From the Consul at Harbin (tel.)
Semenov’s letter to Consul General Harris expressing desire for friendly relations and for U. S. representative at Chita in sympathy with Semenov government.
538
July 9 (166) From the Minister in China (tel.)
Telegram from Stevens, President of Technical Board (text printed), regarding order for evacuation of Japanese troops from Trans-Baikal, destination unknown.
539
July 19 (758) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to discusss informally difficult situation should Semenov withdraw to concession zone of Chinese Eastern Railway, as contemplated; invitation to British to join in common representations to China and Japan.
539
Aug. 12 From the Consul at Harbin (tel.)
Evacuation of Trans-Baikal by Japanese; movement of Semenov troops toward Manchurian frontier.
540
Aug. 12 (865) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Request for prompt information as to British attitude regarding Semenov’s intentions, in view of further disquieting reports.
541
Aug. 20 From the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Progress of evacuation by Japanese, followed up by Reds; demoralized state of Semenov’s forces.
541
Aug. 27 (1297) From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
British disapproval of joint representations to China and Japan in regard to Semenov. Reasons.
542
Aug. 27 From the Consul at Harbin (tel.)
Semenov’s agreement with Vladivostok government to surrender civil control for unification of governments under national assembly, urging foreign intervention to oppose Bolsheviks and monarchists.
542
Sept. 2 From the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Final evacuation of Trans-Baikal by Japanese; debarkation from Vladivostok of only 3,000; preparation of winter quarters in Habarovsk for large force.
543
Sept. 4 From the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Report of distribution of remaining Japanese soldiers in civilian clothes in Trans-Baikal villages, large number in Harbin, and new arrivals.
543
Sept. 23 From the Consul at Harbin (tel.)
Indications of resumption of fighting between Semenov troops and Bolsheviks in Trans-Baikal and of Semenov’s failure to keep promise to surrender civil control to Zemst-vos.
544
Oct 27 From the Consul at Harbin (tel.)
Report of defeat of Semenov’s forces by Bolsheviks in Trans-Baikal.
544
[Page LXVII]Nov. 23 From the Acting President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Defeat of Kappel—Semenov army, remnant escaping into Manchuria, only to be disarmed by Chinese. Protection of Semenov by Japanese.
544
Nov. 27 From the Consul at Harbin (tel.)
Disposition of Kappel—Semenov troops arriving in Manchuria; Bolshevik withdrawal from Chinese frontier.
545

Establishment of the Far Eastern Republic

organization of a revolutionary government at verkhneudinsk—proclamation of the far eastern republic by delegates from vladivostok, blagoveshchensk, and verkhneudinsk—strained relations with the japanese authorities in the maritime province

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Feb. 28 (22) From the Consul General at Irkutsk, temporarily at Vladivostok (tel.)
Indications that Zemstvo government in Vladivostok and other Social Revolutionary governments will eventually fall under control of Bolsheviks.
545
Mar. 1 From the Consul at Harbin (tel.)
Futility of Semenov’s efforts to organize government; negotiations at Irkutsk between Social Revolutionaries and Bolsheviks for establishment of buffer state in eastern Siberia.
546
Mar. 10 From the Consul at Harbin (tel.)
New government for Trans-Baikal to be formed at Verkhneudinsk. Seizure of gold coin by Chinese customs from wife of Semenov passing through Harbin.
547
Mar. 29 From the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
From Smith: Reform measures enforced by Reds upon inhabitants in taking towns.
547
May 6 (219) From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Cabinet decision to support provisional government in Maritime Province, forming buffer state as barrier to Bolshevism.
548
May 12 (151) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Summary of proclamation by General Oi (text printed) of Japan’s policy in Siberia. Japanese diplomatic agent’s disavowal of authority for press statement claiming Allied accord with Japanese policy in Siberia.
548
May 18 (110) From the Chargé in China (tel.)
Announcement of organization of Far Eastern Republic at Verkhneudinsk; enumeration of principles and necessary provisions of government.
549
[Page LXVIII]May 29 (180) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Note from Krasnoschokoff, Foreign Minister of Verkhneudinsk government, to British High Commissioner emphasizing necessity for buffer state and appealing for economic negotiations with all nations.
550
June 4 (283) From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Press report of confirmation, by Advisory Council of Ministers, of Cabinet’s decision to withdraw Fifth Division from Chita to Manchouli.
551
June 15 (199) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Vladivostok recognition of Far Eastern Republic and desire for union therewith as soon as Semenov barrier is removed.
552
June 15 (200) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Election by Zemstvo provisional government of members of preparliament in preparation for Far Eastern Republic. Representation from districts including all Russian territory east of Baikal.
552
June 21 (208) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
First meeting of Far East Peoples Assembly effecting preliminary organization; improvement of conditions in Vladivostok.
553
Oct. 4 (294) From the Minister in China (tel.)
Announcement of Far Eastern Republic by Chita representative at joint meeting with Amur, Vladivostok, and Verkhneudinsk delegates; principles for which Republic stands.
553
Oct. 24 (62) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Evacuation of Chita by Semenov and occupation by Partisans, popular assembly assuming charge.
554
Dec. 31 (129) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Anticipation of conflict between Japanese and Bolsheviks, latter occupying strong position across Iman [Carelf] River.
554
1921 Jan. 21 (378) From the Consul at Harbin
Report covering recent events in eastern Siberia especially in relation to governments of Chita, Blagoveshchensk, Verkhneudinsk, and Vladivostok.
554

Evacuation of the Czechoslovak Forces

instructions to the american members of the russian railway service corps not to withdraw from siberia until the czech evacuation is assured—arrival of all czechoslovak troops in vladivostok

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Jan. 19 (17) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
From Smith: Telegram from Czech chief of staff, Irkutsk (text printed), reporting surrender of Poles to Bolsheviks and progress of Czechs toward Vladivostok.
561
[Page LXIX]Feb. 1 (41) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
From Smith: Quotation from message by Inter-Allied Committee (text printed) requesting Smith to proceed to Siberia with full powers to treat for immediate evacuation of Czechs.
562
Feb. 2 From the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Urgent necessity for Russian Railway Service Corps to assist in Czech evacuation. Request for advice.
563
Feb. 9 To the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Information that members of Service Corps are not to withdraw before successful evacuation of Czechs unless extraordinary circumstances warrant.
563
Feb. 17 To the Czechoslovak Chargé
Recommendation that entire contingent of friendly troops in Siberia to be repatriated be moved at once to Pacific ports for embarkation in order to keep U. S. and British shipping fully engaged.
563
Feb. 22 (12) From the Consul General at Irkutsk, temporarily at Vladivostok (tel.)
Armistice between Czechs and Bolsheviks, in which former agree to hand over the gold and not to assist Kolchak troops.
564
Mar. 7 From the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Report on progress of evacuation of Czechs and other friendly contingents.
565
Apr. 5 From the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Inquiry as to advisability of permitting Czechs to decorate members of Service Corps in recognition of efficient work during evacuation.
565
Apr. 9 (104) From the Consul General at Irkutsk, temporarily at Vladivostok, and the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
Report on number of Czechs and other friendly troops still to be repatriated. Recommendations.
566
Apr. 9 To the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
No objections to presentation by Czech authorities of decorations to members of Service Corps.
566
Apr. 15 From the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Arrival of last of Czech and other Allied forces at Manchuria preparatory to debarkation from Vladivostok. Inquiry regarding transportation of Service Corps.
567
Apr. 15 (111) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
From Smith: Report of successful evacuation to Manchuria with cooperation of Reds and Chinese.
567
Apr. 19 To the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Inquiry whether Service Corps would be ready to embark May 10 if U. S. homeward-bound transport should call for them then.
568
[Page LXX]Apr. 23 From the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Readiness of 65 members of Service Corps to leave Vladivostok May 10; necessity for number of corps to remain until all Czechs reach Vladivostok.
568
May 5 From the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Stevens’ desire to conclude evacuation shortly and resign from board. Constant arrival of Japanese reenforcements.
568
May 25 (170) From the Consul at Vladivostok (tel.)
From Winterburn for Adjutant General, War Dept.: Report on transportation of Czech troops.
569
July 15 (84) To the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Instructions to ascertain whether bill for transportation of Czech troops over Chinese Eastern Ry. is obligation of Czech Government or of France.
569
Sept. 24 (230) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s opinion concerning obligations for transportation of Czech troops.
569
Nov. 15 (268) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Czech feeling of justification in asking Allies to meet expense of transportation of troops over Chinese railway. Repeated to France.
570

South Russia

appointment by the department of state of a special agent in south russia—evacuation of odessa and novorossiisk by the forces of general denikin—supersession of general denikin by general wrangel as commander in chief of the armed forces otf south russia—attempts by the british government to mediate between the soviet authorities and general wrangel—decision by the french government to recognize “de facto” the government of south russia—statement received from general wrangel, september 9, 1920, defining his policy and aims-collapse of wrangel’s defense of the crimea—relief of the crimean refugees

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Dec. 18 (9370) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions for Admiral McCully (text printed) containing his appointment as Special Agent for the Department of State to report on conditions in South Russia and to contact Gen. Denikin.
571
1920 Jan. 2 (146) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Desperate situation of Denikin; transfer of government headquarters to Ekaterinodar; Wrangel’s command of center army.
573
Jan. 7 (6) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Appeal of Denikin representative in behalf of refugees and inhabitants in Odessa who must be evacuated upon approach of Reds. Request for coal for shipping.
573
[Page LXXI]Jan. 8 (14) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Information that British Admiralty will supply necessary coal for Odessa.
574
Jan. 18 (43) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully at Novorossiisk: Report of arrival at Novorossiisk, which is flooded with refugees; British assumption of responsibility for evacuation of wounded and families of officers.
574
Jan. 18 (44) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Report on conditions and necessity for evacuation of wounded and of women and children. Recommendation that such U. S. ships as are available assist in evacuation.
575
Jan. 23 (60) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Reported advance of Red armies southward between Don and Volga; British work of evacuation; inquiry as to some means for helping Russians of upper class desiring to come to America.
576
Jan. 31 (92) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
British attempt to secure Kubans and Cossacks to aid Volunteer army in fighting Reds.
576
Feb. 6 (106) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Personal impressions regarding Denikin; territory under his control and policies of his government. Suggestions.
577
Feb. 8 (112) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully at Odessa: Completion of evacuation of city, which is in control of disorderly elements.
580
Undated [Rec’d Feb. 2] (113) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Capture of Odessa by Bolsheviks; boarding of ships by refugees; appeal of Denikin (text printed).
581
Feb. 10 (117) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Serious error of trying to combat Reds by recognition of Trans-Caucasus republics; needs of South Russian peoples.
581
Undated [Rec’d Feb. 13] (122) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Normal conditions in Odessa after occupation by Bolsheviks. Efforts to protect Americans.
582
Undated [Rec’d Feb. 14] (127) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully at Sevastopol: Report of general demoralization, although Reds have not yet entered Crimea; urgent desire for general evacuation.
583
Feb. 13 (130) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Agreement between Denikin and Supreme Cossack Council.
584
Mar. 3 (166) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Departure of Wrangel for Constantinople due to hopelessness of cause; British abandonment of Denikin.
584
[Page LXXII]Mar. 4 (173) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From Mc Cully at Novorossiisk: Retirement of Volunteer army before Reds; preparation for complete evacuation of city; British attempt to arrange armistice.
585
Mar. 12 (202) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Appeal for U. S. assistance in evacuation of refugees from Novorossiisk and Crimea.
585
Mar. 16 (214) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Removal of Denikin’s headquarters to Novorossiisk with view to occupation of barricades on east coast of Black Sea; British opposition to this scheme, demanding that Crimea be defended.
586
Mar. 18 (4) To the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
For McCully: Information that attention of relief societies will be called to evacuation needs, as no Government funds are available; suggestion that use of naval vessels be requested.
587
Mar. 22 (179) From the British Ambassador
Transportation of Russian refugees to various countries; inquiry whether the United States will contribute toward expenditure for transportation and maintenance.
587
Mar. 24 To the British Ambassador
Reply to British inquiry stating that no funds are available for maintenance of Russian refugees, but that U. S. naval vessels are assisting in evacuation from Caucasus.
588
Undated [Rec’d Mar. 31] (237) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Account of capture of Novorossiisk by Reds.
589
Mar. 27 (236) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Occupation of Novorossiisk by Reds; evacuation of Volunteer army and departure of vessels.
589
Undated [Rec’d Apr. 6] (253) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully at Theodosia: Probable choice of Wrangel as commander in chief to succeed Denikin.
590
Undated [Rec’d Apr. 8] (260) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Retirement of Denikin and assumption of command by Wrangel; notice from Supreme Council that Allies would withdraw support unless mediation between Wrangel and Bolsheviks accepted.
590
Undated [Rec’d Apr. 13] (272) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From Haskell: Retreat of Volunteer army into Georgia, where they are interned; establishment of refugee concentration camp; serious political situation involving Armenians.
591
Apr. 23 (418) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to investigate reports regarding British approach to Bolsheviks and Wrangel in efforts to conclude armistice and to secure amnesty for Volunteer army.
592
[Page LXXIII]Undated [Rec’d Apr. 24] (300) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Appeal of Atamans of Don, Kuban, and Terek to Associated Powers to act as intermediaries with Soviets to end fighting in Russia; representation before Supreme Council; Wrangel’s plan of liberal government in Crimea.
592
Apr. 29 (316) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully at Sevastopol: Report on conditions in southern Russia and trend of affairs, as result of three months’ observation.
595
Apr. 29 (703) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Report on British efforts to arrange armistice between Wrangel and Bolsheviks.
597
May 3 (324) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Delivery to Wrangel of British message (text printed) discouraging further continuation of struggle; Wrangel’s appeal for further support.
598
May 16 (337) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Improved conditions in Crimea.
599
May 22 (345) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Strengthening of Wrangel’s position and improved condition of troops; no indication, however, of early offensive.
600
May 25 (45) From the Consul at Tiflis (tel.)
Seizure by Bolsheviks of Enzeli region, including ships’ stores and medical supplies, forcing British to retire.
600
Undated [Rec’d June 4] (349) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Message from British commander in chief for Wrangel (text printed) regarding Soviet acceptance of proposals for negotiations with British participation.
601
Undated [Rec’d June 6] (353) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Wrangel’s objections to negotiating with Soviets; difficulties of his position; possibility of an offensive.
601
Undated [Rec’d June 6] (354) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Message from British High Commissioner, Constantinople, to Wrangel (text printed) refusing further support if offensive is taken against Bolsheviks; Wrangel’s attitude.
603
June 10 (610) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Request for opinion as to how far British intend to go in political relations with Soviets and probable consequences.
603
June 11 (72) To the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
For McCully: Inquiry as to terms of armistice proposed by Great Britain.
604
[Page LXXIV]June 15 (943) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Information regarding British negotiations for armistice between Wrangel and Soviets; not to constitute British recognition of Soviets.
604
June 15 (361) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Wrangel’s reasons for refusing to trust any engagement entered into with Reds. Suggested solution of peace problem.
604
June 24 (378) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Wrangel’s intention to hold new lines for defense of Crimea and his expectation of British support in accordance with agreement.
605
July 31 From the Special Agent
Policy of South Russian government and probabilities of its success.
606
Aug. 12 From the French Chargé
French recognition, de facto, of government of South Russia and diplomatic representation at Sevastopol.
611
Aug. 12 (1218) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Perplexity in official circles regarding French recognition of Wrangel government.
611
Aug. 17 From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Recommendation that U. S. continue independent action with relation to Russia to prevent suspicion of aiding European countries in selfish purposes toward Russia.
611
Aug. 27 (48) To the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
For McCully: Request for statement from Wrangel regarding his policy and aims, certain leading questions being propounded suggesting character of information desired.
612
Aug. 31 (473) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Aggressiveness of Reds on Tauride front; Wrangel’s success in holding his lines; financial difficulties in operation of government.
614
Sept. 3 (1645) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Information that Wrangel has received no loan from France although some supplies have been given.
615
Sept. 4 (1652) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Summary of Wrangel’s policy which determined France to recognize his government.
615
Sept. 4 (476) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Gradual withdrawal of Wrangel’s forces from Kuban; repulse of Reds on Tauride front; continued occupation of original line by Wrangel.
616
Sept. 8 (478) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Categorical official reply (text printed) to questions regarding Wrangel’s policies and aims. Comments.
616
[Page LXXV]Sept, 13 (1694) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Reported statement by McCully that U. S. economic assistance will be given South Russia; suggestions for U. S. and French coordination of effort.
620
Sept. 16 (58) To the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
For McCully: Instructions to investigate source of rumor concerning promise of U. S. assistance to South Russia. Denial of any statement given to press by Secretary of State.
620
Sept. 24 (500) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Telegram from Minister of Finance of South Russia to Bakhmeteff in Washington (text printed) denying that McCully had promised U. S. aid.
621
Oct. 15 From the Russian Ambassador
Suspension of hostilities between Poles and Bolsheviks, causing greater activity by latter against Crimea; injustice of preventing munitions of war from the United States reaching South Russia.
621
Nov. 4 (557) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Retreat of Wrangel forces from northern Tauride before Red offensive; concentration in Crimea passage; activity of Red naval forces in Azov Sea.
622
Nov. 10 (568) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Heavy attack on Perekop by Reds; imminence of Crimean evacuation; suggested aid through Constantinople from proceeds of cargo of U. S. vessels bound for Crimea.
623
Nov. 11 (569) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Furnishing of all possible aid to refugees at present time; evident reference in McCully’s telegram to authorization to furnish aid with funds.
623
Nov. 11 (573) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Evacuation of Crimea inevitable; proposal to evacuate all Americans and proceed to Constantinople.
623
Nov. 14 (576) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Personal appeal of Russian delegate on behalf of refugees from Crimea. Reply and transmittal of appeal to Rumania, Bulgaria, Greece, and Serbia.
624
Nov. 14 (105) To the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Authorization to use naval and Shipping Board vessels to transport refugees from Crimea to adjacent places of safety; British and French responsibility for landing arrangements.
624
Nov. 14 (581) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Evacuation of Sevastopol.
625
Nov. 15 (580) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Appeal in behalf of 40,000 refugees being evacuated from Crimea; facilities for only few thousand in Constantinople; suggestion of northern Africa as suitable landing place.
626
[Page LXXVI]Nov. 17 (583) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Display of French flag on Russian warships, provisionally sanctioned by French Admiral.
627
Nov. 17 (1642) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Summary of instructions of Nov. 14 to Bristol.
627
Nov. 18 To Princess Cantacuzene of the American Central Committee for Russian Relief
Transmittal of appeal of High Commissioner at Constantinople for aid in maintenance of refugees, hoping that organization can render assistance.
627
Nov. 18 (591) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully at Constantinople: No decision as to destination of Russian refugees; fate of Kilpatrick and Kratz; request for instructions regarding continuance of mission.
628
Undated [Rec’d Nov. 19] (590) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Request for authorization for U. S. consul to visa passports of certain Russians desiring to emigrate to America.
629
Nov. 19 (592) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Efforts to distribute and land refugees, estimated at 100,000 now in harbor of Constantinople. Suggestions.
629
Nov. 20 (595) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From McCully: Contributing factors in Wrangel’s defeat.
630
Nov. 23 (95) To the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Approval of Commissioner’s efforts toward relief; information that Russian Ambassador has made large sum available to Red Cross for support of refugees.
631
Nov. 26 (605) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Congested condition of troops and refugees on ships in harbor.
632
Nov. 26 (1659) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to inquire what action is intended regarding support of refugees from Crimea; suggestion that they be transported to north coast of Africa.
(Instructions to repeat to London.)
632
Nov. 29 (99) To the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
No authorization, under existing regulations, for consuls to visa passports of Russians without reference to Washington.
633
Dec. 3 (1977) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French reply (text printed), pledging financial aid to refugees but stating reasons why transportation to North Africa is impracticable.
633
Dec. 4 (104) To the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Sum of $800,000 available for relief of refugees in Constantinople through Red Cross.
635
[Page LXXVII]Dec. 6 From the Deputy Commissioner for Europe of the American Red Cross
Note from Red Cross Commissioner for Europe (text printed) summarizing Crimean refugee situation.
635
Dec. 9 (1687) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British reply, citing British and French measures already taken to aid refugees and suggesting further U. S. assistance in view of deplorable conditions.
637
Dec. 27 From the French Ambassador
French inability to continue meeting demands for maintenance of refugees; request that credit due Russian Volunteer fleet be speedily placed at disposal of General Association for Russian Relief.
638
Dec. 28 (654) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
From Imbrie: Taking over by French of Black Sea Fleet to be sold as partial reimbursement for advances made toward Crimean campaign. Wrangel’s protest and appeal for U. S. aid in transporting refugees to Vladivostok.
639

Baltic Provinces

continued refusal by the united states to recognize the governments in the baltic provinces—refusal by the united states to become involved in the relations between the soviet government and the governments in the baltic provinces-requests from the commissioner at riga for american naval protection

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Dec. 30 From the Lithuanian Executive Committee
Notification that Lithuania has constituted the Lithuanian Executive Committee its diplomatic agent in the United States, pending recognition.
640
1920 Jan. 2 Memorandum by the Third Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with Finnish Minister on conference to be held at Helsingfors to consider safeguarding interests of Baltic states against Bolshevism. Minister’s request for U. S. support.
641
Jan. 3 (15) From the Consul at Reval (tel.)
Conference between Allies and Yudenitch regarding future disposition of army of northwest.
642
Jan. 5 To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
U. S. refusal to participate in measures respecting disposition of Yudenitch’s army.
642
Jan. 7 To the Lithuanian Executive Committee
U. S. inability to attribute diplomatic character to Committee; willingness, however, to give informal consideration to all matters pertaining to Lithuania, with above limitations.
642
[Page LXXVIII]Jan. 14 (20) From the Minister in Sweden (tel.)
Proposal to transport Yudenitch army to Archangel front.
643
Jan. 24 From the Finnish Legation
Cablegram from Foreign Office (text printed) giving results of conference at Helsingfors.
643
Jan. 25 (77) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
British notification to Estonia of satisfaction at conclusion of armistice with Bolskeviks.
644
Jan. 29 (82) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Arrest of Yudenitch upon Estonian orders; Latvian inquiry as to U. S. attitude toward an armistice between Latvia and Bolshevik Russia.
644
Feb. 2 (85) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Conclusion of peace treaty between Estonia and Soviet Russia.
645
Feb. 3 (87) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Principal points in peace treaty between Estonia and Soviet Russia.
645
Feb. 4 To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Authorization to convey U. S. attitude toward an armistice between Latvia and Bolshevik Russia.
646
Feb. 9 (89) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Unofficial information that Latvia has signed armistice with Bolsheviks.
646
Feb. 20 (291) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Report that Finland and Lithuania are expected to sign armistice with Bolsheviks.
646
Feb. 24 (306) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Office statement of policy of Allies with reference to Russia (text printed).
647
Mar. 18 (137) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s request for support of commissioners in arranging peace negotiations with Bolsheviks, in agreement with League of Nations.
648
Mar. 20 (140) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Decision of Baltic states to conduct peace negotiations with Bolsheviks separately.
648
Mar. 24 To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Disapproval of participation in conference for peace negotiations between Bolsheviks and Latvia.
648
Mar. 31 To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Inquiry regarding Soviet demand for extradition of Northwestern army officers and whether Estonia and Soviet Russia have entered formal diplomatic relations.
649
[Page LXXIX]Apr. 2 To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Proposal of withholding food supplies until guarantee is received from Estonia that officers of Northwestern army will not be turned over to Soviets.
649
Apr. 3 (159) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Official denial that no demand has yet been made for extradition of Northwestern army officers; no diplomatic relations exist between Estonia and Soviet.
649
May 19 (6) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Rupture of Lithuanian-Bolshevik peace negotiations over frontier question.
650
June 1 (20) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Lithuanian refusal so far to support Bolsheviks in attack on Poles. Polish request of Lithuania for definite assurances of good faith.
650
June 4 (25) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Lithuanian request for British advice. French efforts to ascertain maximum Polish concession to Lithuania in return for latter’s friendly neutrality.
650
June 18 To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Instructions to express personal opinion that the United States would approve amicable settlement of dispute with Poland and deplore cooperation with Bolsheviks against Poland.
(Instructions to repeat to Warsaw for information.)
650
June 26 (46) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Assurance of Lithuanian neutrality.
651
July 13 (70) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Conclusion of Lithuanian-Bolshevik peace treaty.
651
July 17 (72) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Summary of terms of Bolshevik-Lithuanian peace treaty.
651
July 23 (81) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Suggestions regarding U. S. future policy toward Baltic Provinces in view of spread of Bolshevism.
652
Aug. 6 (95) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Continued presence of Bolshevik troops in Lithuania, causing serious situation there, and unsettled conditions throughout Baltic Provinces.
653
Aug. 9 From Mr. Jonas Vileišis
Interpretation of recent political events in Lithuania, which call for change in U. S. policy; request for recognition.
653
Aug. 9 (99) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Urgent request for U. S. naval vessel in Baltic.
656
[Page LXXX]Aug. 9 (100) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Anticipation of demand from Moscow that Estonia join federated Soviet Russia, with resulting refusal and armed resistance; British preparation for evacuation.
656
Aug. 11 (32) To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Instructions regarding evacuation of U. S. citizens from threatened areas. Compliance with request for vessel.
656
Aug. 11 (104) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Conclusion of Latvian-Bolshevik peace treaty.
657
Aug. 12 (107) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Summary of terms of Latvian-Bolshevik peace treaty.
657
Aug. 12 (108) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Report on situation in Baltic Provinces.
657
Aug. 14 (109) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Noticeable improvement in situation.
658
Aug. 23 To Mr. Jonas Vileišis
Reply to interpretation of recent events in Lithuania and to request for recognition.
658
Aug. 27 (126) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Estonian reference to appointment of U. S. consul at Reval and desire to appoint consul to the United States to represent Estonia in political affairs; resentment over U. S. note of Aug. 10 to Italian Ambassador.
659
Sept. 3 (134) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
British endeavor to arrange for Polish-Lithuanian conference for settlement of dispute; proposal of U. S. commissioner as chairman of conference.
659
Sept. 7 (141) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Estonian request for written statement regarding purpose of visit of U. S. naval vessels in the Baltic.
660
Sept. 10 (49) To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Unwisdom of acting as member of Polish-Lithuanian frontier conference.
660
Sept. 11 (50) To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Instructions to explain presence of U. S. consul at Reval and inability of granting exequatur in the United States to consul of an unrecognized government.
661
Sept. 11 (51) To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Authorization to make written statement of friendly intentions of U. S. vessels in Baltic; request for source of inquiry regarding vessels and regarding appointment of U. S. consul.
661
Sept. 13 (151) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Bolshevik source of inquiry regarding presence of vessels and Estonian source regarding consul.
661
[Page LXXXI]Sept. 13 (152) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Inquiry whether objections would be raised to Estonian unofficial agent in the United States with same status as Latvian representative.
662
Sept. 23 (57) To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
No objection to sending to this country Estonian unofficial agent with same status as those from Latvia and Lithuania.
662
Oct. 6 From the Consul at Reval (tel.)
Appointment of Estonian unofficial representative in the United States. Estonian request that he be accorded certain diplomatic privileges.
662
Oct. 11 (66) To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Instructions to explain status to be accorded Estonian agent and offer to recall U. S. consul at Reval if arrangement is unsatisfactory.
663
Oct. 13 (217) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Estonian wish that U. S. consul remain; effort to force U. S. recognition by request for political status for agent in the United States.
664
Oct. 15 (229) From the Commissioner at Riga
Latvian note (text printed) claiming right of people for self-determination and plea for same principles of justice as granted to Poland, Finland, and Armenia.
(Similar note from Estonian Foreign Minister.)
664
Dec. 15 (274) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Apprehension in Estonia and Latvia over probable Bolshevik attack; suggestions for discontinuance of passports and for presence of U. SI vessel in vicinity.
666
Dec. 24 (282) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Gravity of situation; imminence of attacks on Latvia and Estonia; recommendations.
666
Dec. 27 (284) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Difficulties attending evacuation; necessity for immediate dispatch of nearest vessel.
667
Dec. 29 (286) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Further report on situation and on French and British attitude.
667
1921 Jan. 7 (1) To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
British instructions to keep vessel in vicinity of Riga. Department’s instructions.
668
[Page LXXXII]

Repatriation of Americans Detained in Russia

british efforts to arrange for the repatriation of americans—desire of the united states government that the transfer to russia of hungarian communists held in austria be made conditional upon the release of all americans in russia—endeavors of dr. nansen to arrange for the release of americans

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Jan. 7 (5) From the Chargé in Denmark (tel.)
0’ Grady’s mission extended to procure repatriation of Russian prisoners of war in various European countries besides exchange of prisoners in Russia and England.
668
Jan. 10 (25) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to suggest that 0’Grady include repatriation of Americans in negotiations with Russia, mention being made of specific cases.
669
Jan. 26 (133) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British conditional consent to negotiations by 0’Grady for release of Americans mentioned.
669
Jan. 27 (12) To the Chargé in Denmark (tel.)
Instructions to request O’Grady to include Americans in any arrangements for repatriation of British subjects, in accordance with British suggestion.
670
Feb. 10 (48) From the Chargé in Denmark (tel.)
O’Grady’s negotiations with Russia for release of Mrs. Doty and Kalamatiano.
670
May 12 (917) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Inquiry regarding Allied attitude toward Russian request for transfer to Russia of Hungarian communists interned in Austria.
671
May 13 Memorandum by the Minister in Poland, temporarily in the United States
French Ambassador’s suggestion of sending all Bolsheviks to Soviet territory and exchanging Bela Kun and companions interned in Austria for European and U. S. prisoners in Russia.
671
May 14 (1154) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French willingness to facilitate transfer of Bela Kun and other communists to Soviet Russia in exchange for release of French citizens.
671
May 18 (954) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Vienna: U. S. desire for common agreement to facilitate exchange of Hungarian communists for Americans and Europeans held in Russia.
672
May 27 (1203) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
British view that question of transporting to Russia Hungarians interned in Austria is outside competence of Ambassadors’ Conference.
672
[Page LXXXIII]June 1 (1052) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For American Commissioner, Vienna: Instructions to state that U. S. influence would be exerted for transfer of Hungarians, should Austria secure release of Americans from Russia.
673
June 15 (233) From the Commissioner at Vienna (tel.)
Chancelor’s reply stating Bolsheviks refuse to release Americans until reciprocal treatment is guaranteed Russians in the United States; Austria’s desire to be rid of Hungarian communists.
673
June 25 (258) To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)
Instructions in connection with mission of Nansen, head of International Red Cross delegation seeking repatriation of prisoners, including some Americans.
674
July 2 (402) To the Commissioner at Vienna (tel.)
Instructions to inform Chancelor of U. S. protest against Soviet treatment of Americans, in striking contrast with facilities afforded Russians for leaving the United States.
675
July 15 (255) From the Commissioner at Vienna (tel.)
Release of Bela Kun and one companion for conveyance to Russia via Germany.
676
July 16 (259) From the Commissioner at Vienna (tel.)
Departure of Kun and companion for Russia.
677
July 19 (145) From the Chargé in Sweden (tel.)
Message from Nansen (text printed) reporting on efforts to secure release of Americans in Russia.
677
July 30 (1471) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Nansen’s report that Kun and companion were seized en route and held in Germany.
678
Aug. 4 (91) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Departure from Russia of Mrs. Doty and other Americans.
678
Aug. 10 (1201) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Transmittal of message of Nansen from Tchitcherin (text printed) protesting against indirect method of detaining Russians in America, and suggesting basis for direct negotiations between United States and the Soviet.
679
Aug. 11 (1210) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Nansen’s message to Department (text printed) suggesting certain arrangements for facilitating departure of Russians from the United States.
680
Aug. 21 (894) To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Message for Nansen (text printed) agreeing to proposed arrangements for facilitating departure of Russians and calling attention to Tchitcherin’s misinformation as to conditions in America.
681
[Page LXXXIV]Aug. 28 (1310) From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Conveyance to Moscow of substance of Department’s message no. 894.
682
Sept. 24 (32) To the Chargé in Norway (tel.)
Message for Nansen (text printed) inquiring as to usefulness of further negotiations, in view of Soviet demand for direct dealings with U. S. officials.
682
Sept. 25 (55) From the Chargé in Norway (tel.)
Further negotiations by Nansen, with excellent prospects of success.
683
Oct. 1 (1526) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Inquiry regarding reported French threat to attack Soviets on Black Sea unless French prisoners are released.
684
Oct. 5 (1777) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Verification of reported French threat and result.
685
Oct. 14 (220) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Possible release of Americans in Soviet Russia in exchange for Russian children, in care of Red Cross, in Finland.
685
Oct. 15 (72) To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Rejection of proposal to exchange Americans for members of Petrograd Children’s Colony; belief that latter should be returned to their parents.
685
Dec. 6 (622) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Poland’s willingness to discuss with Soviets exchange of Americans in Russia. Request for instructions.
686
Dec. 11 (402) From the Minister in Switzerland
Reply of Nansen (text printed) regarding desirability of continuing efforts to secure further releases of Americans in Russia.
686
Dec. 11 (470) To the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Instructions to reply that Department would be gratified if Polish delegation at Riga would support efforts of Nansen in behalf of Americans in Russia.
687

Deportation from the United States of Undesirable Russians

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Nov. 15 (10/8) From Mr. L. Martens
Protest against unwarranted persecution and cruel treatment in the United States of citizens of Russian Socialist Federal Soviet Republic.
687
Dec. 11 To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Instructions to request permission for landing and transit to Bolshevik lines of 150 Russians being deported from the United States.
690
[Page LXXXV]Dec. 17 (44) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Latvian permission for transport of Russians to Bolshevik frontier under certain conditions; offer of flour and canned goods as compensation.
691
Dec. 19 To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Objections to conditions and offer of compensation. Request for definite reply.
691
Dec. 21 (48) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Latvian permission to land Russians at Libau; desire that cost of transportation be paid in flour.
692
Dec. 23 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Information regarding deportation to Russia of undesirable Russian anarchists.
(Instructions to repeat to northern European capitals. Sent also to Paris with instructions to repeat to central European capitals for publication and to other European capitals for foreign offices and publication.)
692
Dec. 24 To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Departure of 249 Russians on U. S. transport Buford. Instructions regarding landing and information regarding payment in food.
693
1920 Jan. 5 (60) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Difficulties in way of landing party of Russians in Latvia.
693
Jan. 7 To the Commissioner at Helsingfors (tel.)
Instructions to telegraph whether possible to transport deported aliens to Russia through Hangö.
694
Jan. 9 (518) From the Commissioner at Helsingfors (tel.)
Finland’s consent to cooperate in transporting deported aliens through Hangö.
694
Jan. 10 To the Commissioner at Helsingfors (tel.)
Information that Buford has been diverted to Hangö; instructions as to arrangements for transporting Russians.
694
Jan. 10 (519) From the Commissioner at Helsingfors (tel.)
Finland’s conditions in transfer of Bolsheviks, requesting permission to detain 10 as hostages.
695
Jan. 13 To the Commissioner at Helsingfors (tel.)
Partial acceptance of Finnish conditions; objections to retaining of 10 Bolsheviks as hostages.
696
Jan. 16 (523) From the Commissioner at Helsingfors (tel.)
Estonian notification to Bolsheviks, at request of Finland, that some people will cross border and that presumption is this will be facilitated.
696
Jan. 20 (527) From the Commissioner at Helsingfors (tel.)
Welcoming by Russia of deported anarchists.
697
[Page LXXXVI]May 26 To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Inquiries as to possibility of landing other deportees at Reval and transporting them into Soviet Russia without previous arrangements.
697
May 28 (17) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Doubt as to success of landing deportees in Estonia in absence of previous arrangements.
697
June 7 To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Instructions to request of Estonia permission to land and transport to Russia parties of communists, first obtaining consent of Soviet Russia.
698
June 21 (42) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Request for assurances that deportations are not forcible.
698
June 28 To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Representations regarding legitimacy of proposed deportations under accepted principles of international law.
698
July 6 (59) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Soviet assurances to Estonia that true communists and socialists will be admitted to Russia but not criminals.
699
Aug. 5 (27) To the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Denial of implication that any of proposed deportees are criminal.
699
Aug. 7 (96) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
No definite reply from Moscow regarding deportees.
700
Sept. 7 (137) From the Commissioner at Riga (tel.)
Conditions under which Soviets will admit to Russia the deportees; willingness to release Mrs. Kennedy in exchange for Larkin.
700

Resumption of Trade with Soviet Russia

proposal by the allied governments to reopen trade through the Russian cooperative societies-negotiations in london—removal of American restrictions on communication with soviet russia, july 7, 1920—removal of american restrictions on credit and exchange transactions with soviet russia, december 20—instructions by the united states treasury to the mints and assay offices to reject gold bearing evidence of soviet origin

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Undated [Rec’d Jan. 16] From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Emery: Request to release to press communique of Supreme Council (text printed) regarding exchange of goods between Russian people and Allied and neutral countries through Russian cooperative organizations.
701
Feb. 2 (95) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Inquiry regarding press report that Lloyd George proposes to discuss at next Premiers’ meeting situation in Russia and possible recognition.
701
[Page LXXXVII]Feb. 6 (207) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Lloyd George’s assurances that recognition of Soviet Russia is at present not contemplated. Litvinov’s advocacy of peace and foreign trade, objecting, however, to dealings with cooperatives.
702
Mar. 6 (483) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Disapproval of establishing relations with Soviet Government, proposing instead common action by Associated Governments for removal of restrictions upon private trade with Russian people, with warnings as to its insecurity. Inquiry whether Allied Governments have considered measures to prevent disbursing abroad securities illegally obtained by Bolsheviks.
(Sent to Ambassador in Great Britain for Foreign Office; likewise to Ambassador in France with instructions to repeat to Ambassador in Italy for like action.)
703
Mar. 22 (300) To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Inquiry whether return of Rumanian securities and gold illegally obtained will be made condition precedent to dealings with Russian cooperatives.
704
Mar. 23 (493) From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Observations proving similarity of U. S. and British views regarding Russian relations and trade arrangements, latter welcoming common course of action.
705
Mar. 24 (306) To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Comment upon appointment of Krassin as delegate of cooperatives; instructions to elucidate facts regarding removal of British restrictions on private trade with Russia.
706
Mar. 27 (514) From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Reasons for Krassin’s acceptability to British Government; elucidation of facts in regard to removal of British restrictions on private trade; conference with cooperatives.
707
Apr. 2 (669) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to advise Foreign Office of U. S. intention of removing restrictions on trade with Russia without delay. Suggestion of Apr. 10 as date. (Sent, mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassador in Great Britain.)
708
Apr. 2 (550) From the Chargé in Great Britain
Arrangements for trade negotiations in London between Russian cooperatives and committee of Supreme Economic Council; probability of conversations being conducted by British officials.
708
Apr. 9 (942) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) setting forth objections to removal of restrictions on private trade with Russia; also proposal for agreement between Allied and Associated Governments to insure security and fulfillment of obligations of former regime.
709
[Page LXXXVIII]May 3 (720) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) advocating postponement of action regarding trade restrictions until after Krassin negotiations have taken place.
710
May 17 From the Consul General at London (tel.)
Arrival of Russian delegates.
711
May 19 (824) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Inquiry as to attitude toward possible invitation for U. S. representative to attend meetings of Permanent Committee of Supreme Economic Council for discussion of Russian trade.
711
May 21 (530) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Authorization for designation of Consul General Skinner as unofficial observer in committee meetings to discuss Russian trade.
712
May 26 (848) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British refusal to take measures to provide for return to rightful owners, before trade with Russia is resumed, gold or securities illegally acquired.
712
May 28 (864) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Meeting of Russian trade delegation with Permanent Committee. Plan for interview between Prime Minister and Krassin, notwithstanding British opposition to political relations with Soviet Government.
712
June 8 (909) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Denial by Foreign Office of resumption of trade between Great Britain and Russia.
713
June 19 (654) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Countermand of instructions to Skinner to attend trade negotiations; inquiry as to Lloyd George’s statement in Parliament on subject of U. S. participation.
713
June 21 (972) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Lloyd George’s statement in Parliament (text printed) and comments.
714
June 24 (671) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Office of U. S. intention soon to remove restrictions on trade with Russia.
(Sent also to Charge in Japan. Instructions to repeat to Paris and Rome for similar action and to Warsaw for information.)
715
June 25 From the Consul General at London (tel.)
Intention to refuse invitation to attend meeting of Permanent Committee of Supreme Economic Council unless instructed otherwise.
716
June 25 To the Consul General at London (tel.)
Instructions not to attend meeting.
716
July 1 (1011) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Return of Krassin to Moscow and probable failure of trade negotiations.
716
[Page LXXXIX]July 7 (1215) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Emery to Harrison: Department’s announcement (text printed) of removal of restrictions on communication and trade with Russia excepting war material, absence of political recognition, and warning of no official protection.
(Instructions to repeat to London.)
717
July 12 (15) From the Minister in Denmark (tel.)
Inquiry whether railway equipment is regarded as war material and whether Copenhagen clearing house may be used by Americans.
718
July 17 (69) To the Minister in Denmark (tel.)
Inclusion of railway equipment as war material during Bolshevik hostilities; use of clearing house at shippers’ risk.
718
July 27 To All Diplomatic and Consular Officers
Announcement of removal of restrictions on trade with Russia, and instructions.
718
July 27 To the Secretary of War
Reply to inquiry, explaining inadvisability, at present, of renewing contracts with Russian and Siberian cooperative societies.
719
Aug. 3 (1163) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Arrival in England of Krassin and Kamenev.
720
Sept. 11 (1376) From the Charge’ in Great Britain (tel.)
Departure of Kamenev for Moscow. Opposition to presence of delegates in London because of crisis in industry; discontinuance of semipolitical conversations.
721
Sept. 23 (1428) From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Drafting of commercial agreement to be used as basis for negotiations with Russian delegation.
721
Oct. 13 (3582) From the Chargt in Great Britain
Postponement of action on draft agreement until Soviets guarantee freedom to British prisoners and stop Bolshevik propaganda.
722
Nov. 8 To the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury
Reply to inquiries, advising against purchase of Russian gold rubles since no assurance can be given that titles will not be subject to attack internationally.
722
Nov. 18 (1633) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British approval of resumption of trade negotiations with Krassin.
723
Nov. 26 (771) From the British Ambassador
British position regarding movements of Russian gold, practically prohibiting its import.
723
Dec. 20 From the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury
Statement issued to the press by Treasury Department (text printed) announcing removal of restrictions on credit and exchange transactions with Soviet Russia.
724
[Page XC]Dec. 23 From the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury
Letter from Assistant Secretary of Treasury to Director of the Mint (text printed) instructing U. S. mints and assay offices to reject gold bearing evidence of Soviet origin.
725

SALVADOR

Insurrection by Arturo Araujo and His Escape to Honduras: Representations by the United States Deprecating the Toleration of Revolutionary Agitation against Neighboring States

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Mar. 7 From the Chargé in Salvador (tel.)
Revolutionary activities of Arturo Araujo, resulting in his flight; establishment of martial law.
728
Mar. 12 (580) From the Chargé in Salvador
Suppression of revolutionary uprising. Departure of Araujo to Honduras.
728
Apr. 17 (600) From the Chargé in Salvador
Tranquillity in Republic; Araujo being urged to leave Honduras for England. Severance of communication with Guatemala.
729
May 4 (14) From the Chargé in Salvador (tel.)
President’s denial of any contemplated armed invasion of Honduras, troops having been sent to frontier to guard against invasion by revolutionists; charge that Araujo is receiving aid from Honduran Government.
730
May 9 (615) From the Chargé in Salvador
Attack by invaders from Honduran territory; invaders believed to be revolutionists led by Araujo; charge that Araujo receives aid from Honduran Government.
730
May 11 (17) From the Chargé in Salvador (tel.)
Repulse of revolutionists coming from Honduras.
731
May 12 (41) From the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Report of Salvadoran ultimatum to Honduras; invasion of latter country by revolutionists supplied with arms by Salvador.
732
May 15 (30) To the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Instructions to make representations in regard to permitting revolutionary activities against neighboring republic as contrary to obligations assumed under conventions of Dec. 20, 1907, and to offer U. S. good offices.
732
May 15 (10) To the Chargé in Salvador (tel.)
Instructions to make representations against reported ultimatum to Honduras and outbreak of hostilities as contrary to provisions of conventions of Dec. 20, 1907, and to offer U. S. good offices.
733
[Page XCI]May 17 (19) From the Chargé in Salvador (tel.)
President’s denial of ultimatum and invasion of Honduras and assurance that all questions will be settled amicably.
734
May 20 (656) From the Chargé in Honduras
President’s assurance of friendliness toward Salvador; appreciation of U. S. steps to secure withdrawal by Salvador of ultimatum demanding resignation of the Honduran Minister of War; anxiety regarding danger of trouble from Nicaragua. Capture and detention of Araujo.
734
May 22 (622) From the Chargé in Salvador
Report of tranquil political conditions and election of presidential designados; retention of troops on frontier; arrival of the Tacoma.
737
May 24 From the Salvador an Minister
Foreign Minister’s declarations (text printed) denying ultimatum and hostilities against Honduras and declining all responsibility for what has occurred; expression of gratitude for tender of U. S. good offices.
738
May 26 From the Honduran Minister
Telegram from Honduran Minister in Salvador (text printed) regarding Salvadoran ultimatum served on Honduras.
741
May 26 (44) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Tense political situation because of menace from Salvadoran and Nicaraguan frontiers. Honduran appreciation of offer of “U. S. good offices”. Arrival of the Sacramento.
741
June 5 (630) From the Chargé in Salvador
Departure of Araujo and adherents from Honduras, former en route to the United States; removal of Salvadoran troops from frontier; defeat by Honduras of revolutionists coming from Nicaraguan border.
742
June 30 (209) To the Chargé in Salvador
Discrepancies in reports from Salvador and Honduras; inquiry as to reasons for believing in accuracy of Salvadoran statements.
743
July 12 (13) To the Chargé in Salvador (tel.)
Note verbale for Foreign Minister (text printed) deprecating toleration of revolutionary agitation against neighboring state and urging enforcement of neutrality laws.
744
Aug. 4 (657) From the Chargé in Salvador
Assurances of President and other high officials led to assumption that no ultimatum was delivered by Salvador to Honduras.
745
[Page XCII]

TURKEY

Views of the United States Government on the Peace Settlement with Turkey, as Communicated to the Supreme Council

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Mar. 12 From the French Ambassador
Inquiry as to U. S. participation in contemplated peace settlement with Turkey; points upon which powers have reached preliminary understanding.
748
Mar. 24 To the French Ambassador
Refusal to participate in conferences for peace with Turkey; expression of views on proposed solutions of questions involved; recommendations for settlement of boundaries on ethnical and historical grounds with scrupulous regard for commercial interests of victor, vanquished, and neutral.
750
Apr. 27 (13) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Note of Supreme Council (text printed) replying to U. S. views on terms of proposed treaty; assurances that Allied Governments do not seek commercial advantages over nonsignatory powers.
753

Maintenance of American Rights under the Capitulations

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Jan. 19 From the High Commissioner at Constantinople
Negotiations with Allied High Commissioner for U. S. representation in respect to regulation of trade with Turkey, etc.; appointment of Advisory Trade Committee; discussion of import taxes collected by Turkey; joint note to Turkish Foreign Minister (text printed) insisting upon reestablishment of ad valorem tariffs.
757
Mar. 9 From the High Commissioner at Constantinople
Note verbale from Swedish Legation in Turkey to Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (text printed) conveying U. S. denunciation of any method of taxation whereby status of Americans is less favorable than that of other foreigners enjoying capitulatory rights in Turkey.
761
Mar. 27 From the High Commissioner at Constantinople
Note to Turkish Foreign Minister through Swedish Legation (text printed) calling attention to new import tax referred to as “consumption” tax and reiterating U. S. nonrecognition of any tax not in accordance with Capitulations.
762
Aug. 20 From the High Commissioner at Constantinople
Note to Turkish Foreign Minister through Swedish Legation (text printed) protesting against abrogation of exemption from taxation certain properties belonging to American Board of Commissioners for foreign missions.
764
Oct. 27 (542) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Proposal of Allied High Commissioners regarding tax changes; British insistence on total reversion to tax system under Capitulations.
765
[Page XCIII]Nov. 15 (86) To the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Statement for Allied Commissioners (text printed) disapproving tax proposals and offering substitute.
765

Railways

proposal by the deutsche bank to obtain control of the Anatolian and bagdad railways for american interests through control of the swiss bank für orientalische eisenbahnen—negotiations between the deutsche bank and the sinclair interests

Date and number Subject Page
1920 June 4 (562) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
From Coffin: Deutsche Bank’s proposal that U. S. firms take over controlling interest in Anatolian Railway, now held by Bank für Orientalische Eisenbahnen (Orient Bank), a Swiss corporation; control to carry with it control of Bagdad Railway, Mersina-Adana line, port concessions, and oil rights.
766
June 16 (627) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Information regarding Swiss control of Orient Bank and German control of Bagdad Railway; suggestion for purchase of Bagdad Railway. Treaty provisions which appear to be direct obstacle to arrangement.
767
June 27 (699) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
From Coffin: Deutsche Bank’s proposal of U. S. investment in Orient Bank and purchase of Bagdad Railway for account of Anatolian line, Deutsche Bank retaining minority interest; discussion of validity of oil concessions held by railways. Report of British interest in project.
768
Aug. 9 (937) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
From Coffin: Director of Deutsche Bank’s efforts to hold matters in statu quo for U. S. offer in face of imminent signature of Turkish peace treaty.
770
Nov. 22 (1868) To the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
For Coffin: Department favorable to American participation, but declining to guarantee soundness of enterprise or validity of titles.
771
Nov. 22 (1881) To the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Letter from Chandler to Coffin and Deutsche Bank (text printed) stating Sinclair proposes tentative purchase for American syndicate of controlling interest in Orient Bank and affiliated companies pending investigations.
771
Nov. 27 (1348) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Coffin for Chandler: Deutsche Bank’s counter-proposal by which syndicate may in the end obtain controlling interest; request for presence of Sinclair in Berlin.
772
[Page XCIV]Dec. 21 (1451) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
From Coffin: Investigation by Sinclair representative; delay caused by absence of principals in financial negotiations; prospects, however, of early developments.
773
Dec. 29 (1474) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Bank’s willingness to make liberal concessions to satisfy Americans; British interest in negotiations.
(Footnote records Sinclair’s withdrawal of offer in 1921.)
773

Efforts on Behalf of the Armenians

decision by the supreme council to recognize the government of armenia—recognition by the united states, april 23, 1920, of the “de facto” government of the armenian republic-the supreme council’s appeal to the government of the united states to accept a mandate over armenia, and its appeal to the president to arbitrate the boundary between armenia and turkey—text of the president’s boundary decision—undertaking by the president at the request of the council of the league of nations to use his good offices to end hostilities between the armenians and the turks—delay in the publication of the president’s boundary decision

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Jan. 13 (121) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Decision of Council of Ministers that Associated Powers would jointly recognize de facto governments of Georgia and Azerbaijan.
774
Jan. 19 (186) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Decision of Supreme Council to recognize de facto government of Armenia on condition that recognition in no way prejudges question of eventual frontier.
775
Jan. 24 (188) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Concurrence in Council’s action regarding recognition of Armenia; objections to de facto recognition of Georgia and Azerbaijan as being unfriendly gesture toward Russia.
775
Jan. 27 (200) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Cancelation of instructions of Jan. 24 regarding recognition of Armenia and instructions to modify statement made before Council. Statement given to press (text printed).
(Instructions to repeat to London.)
776
Jan. 27 (29) To the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Authorization to deny report of U. S. recognition of Armenia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan.
(Instructions to repeat to Haskell.)
777
Jan. 28 (280) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Compliance with instructions to cancel notice of U. S. recognition of Armenia. Request for further instructions.
777
[Page XCV]Jan. 28 (283) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Transmittal of statement made on Jan. 26, according to instructions, before Conference of Ambassadors (text printed) regarding recognition of Armenia but not of Georgia and Azerbaijan.
778
Apr. 23 To the Representative of the Armenian Republic
Notification of the President’s decision to recognize de facto government of Armenia with understanding that recognition in no way predetermines territorial frontiers.
778
Apr. 27 (10) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Note of Supreme Council to President Wilson (text printed) proposing U. S. mandate over Armenia, requesting arbitration of boundaries by President Wilson, and appealing for financial and military aid in reconstruction.
779
May 17 (949) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
The President’s willingness to act as arbitrator for fixing Armenian boundaries.
783
June 2 From the Secretary of War
Memorandum estimating strength of U. S. forces needed to carry out mandate for Armenia, noting danger from Bolsheviks and impracticability of undertaking.
783
July 26 From the Chairman of the American Relief Administration
Report on relief work of Haskell, High Commissioner to Armenia, representing Associated Powers. Notification of completion of work.
785
Aug. 6 (491) From the British Ambassador
Urgency of securing the President’s decision as to boundaries of Armenia, the peace treaty with Turkey in part depending thereon.
787
Aug. 13 To the British Ambassador
Reply to request for early decision on boundary question, calling attention to fact that arbitration by the President, under art. 89 of the Turkish treaty, should follow conclusion of that treaty.
787
Sept. 18 (493) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Nationalists’ resistance to Armenian aggression and refusal to recognize treaty; President Wilson’s responsibility for enforcing evacuation of territory awarded to Armenians by arbitration. Repeated to Paris.
788
Oct. 10 (520) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Communication from consul at Tiflis (text printed) reporting mobilization of Armenia for war against Turkey, former assisted by Georgia, possible support of latter by Bolsheviks.
788
Oct. 18 (1830) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Note from Secretary General of the Peace Conference (text printed) transmitting Turkish treaty and calling attention to art. 89 which provides for submission of boundary determination to arbitration of U. S. President.
789
[Page XCVI]Nov. 24 (671) To the Ambassador in France
President Wilson’s letter to President of Supreme Council enclosing arbitral decision respecting boundary between Turkey and Armenia, access for Armenia to the sea, and demilitarization of adjacent Turkish territory (texts printed).
789
Nov. 30 President Wilson to the President of the Council of the League of Nations (tel.)
Senate’s refusal to accept mandate for Armenia; the President’s willingness to act as mediator between Armenians and Turks; inquiry as to avenue through which offer should be conveyed.
804
Nov. 30 (609) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Defeat of Armenians by Turkish forces and negotiations for treaty of peace.
805
Dec. 2 The President of the Council of the League of Nations to President Wilson (tel.)
Appreciation of President Wilson’s consent to mediate between Armenians and Kemalists; offer of cooperation by Spain and Brazil.
805
Dec. 4 (99) From the Consul at Tiflis (tel.)
Occupation of Armenia by Russian troops and change of government to Soviet Republic; recognition by Russia; removal of Near East Relief personnel and stores.
806
Dec. 13 (1695) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Office that the President’s boundary decision will be given to press.
807
Dec. 15 To the President of the Council of the League of Nations (tel.)
The President’s designation of Morgenthau as personal representative for mediation; further inquiries as to parties to contact and support to be given by principal powers represented on League Council.
807
Dec. 16 (2015) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French request to delay making public the President’s decision on Armenian boundary.
807
Dec. 17 (1707) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Compliance with French request to delay publication of the President’s decision.
808
Dec. 20 (2029) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French note (text printed) suggesting that publication of boundary decision be deferred until discussed in meeting of Heads of Governments.
808
Dec. 26 The President of the Council of the League of Nations to President Wilson (tel.)
Telegram from British Foreign Minister (text printed) recommending that President Wilson send his instructions regarding mediation with Kemalists to U. S. High Commissioner, Constantinople, who will concert with colleagues.
809