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List of Papers

[Incoming papers are listed chronologically under date of receipt. Unless otherwise specified, the correspondence is from or to officials in the Department of State.]

PART I: THE CONTINUATION AND CONCLUSION OF THE—WARPARTICIPATION OF THE UNITED STATES

The Conduct of the War—Discussions of Peace and Conclusion of the Armistices

speeches on war aims by the british prime minister, january 5, and by president wilson (the fourteen points), january 8; comment in associated and enemy countries-speech of the french minister of foreign affairs, january 13—unofficial austro-german advances regarding peace to the american professor herron

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
2339 Jan. 2, 1918 [Rec’d Jan. 4] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) British inquiry regarding Bulgaria’s attitude toward separate peace. Chargé suggests offering opportunity for statement. 3
1301 Jan. 5 To the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Department approves of offering Bulgarian representatives opportunity to state attitude on separate peace. 3n
1777 Jan. 4 [Rec’d Jan. 6] From the Chargé in Denmark (tel.) Teutonic peace offensive. Reported conditions of peace. 3
8166 Jan. 6 [Rec’d Jan. 7] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Prime Minister’s speech of Jan. 5 on war aims is expression of British opinion. 4
Jan. 5 Address of British Prime Minister Speech on war aims before Trade Union Conference at London. 4
Jan. 8 Address of President Wilson Speech on war aims, delivered at joint session of Congress; program of fourteen points as peace conditions. 12
1342 Jan. 8 [Rec’d Jan. 9] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italian press comment on Lloyd George’s speech of Jan. 5. 17
8218 Jan. 10 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to the President also Laudatory editorials on the President’s speech of Jan. 8. General depression dissipated. 17
1346 Jan. 10 [Rec’d Jan. 11] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Foreign Minister’s comments on the President’s message of Jan. 8. 18
3019 Jan. 10 [Rec’d Jan. 11] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) French people receive President Wilson’s message of Jan. 8 with gratitude. Press comment. 19
3016 Jan. 10 [Rec’d Jan, 11] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Substance of Herron’s letter on Austro-German unofficial advances regarding peace. 21
[Page XX]907 Jan. 11 To the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Inquires reaction of German Liberals to the President’s statement of peace terms. 23
1867 Jan. 11 From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) German press comment on the President’s speech of Jan. 8. 24
1353 Jan. 11 [Rec’d Jan. 12] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italian press comment on the President’s speech. 26
1880 Jan. 13 [Rec’d Jan. 14] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Statement of German Moderate views on peace program as proclaimed by President Wilson. 26
3032 Jan. 14 [Rec’d Jan. 15] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes Foreign Minister’s speech opposing international workingmen’s conference and defining French war aims. 28
3074 Jan. 15 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Peace proposals should be made through official channels. Position taken by Herron is approved. 31
3061 Jan. 18 [Rec’d Jan. 19] From the Ambassador in France (tel.); to House also Plans for forming general reserve under Supreme War Council to be kept at disposal of commanders in chief. 31
5384 Jan. 10 [Rec’d Jan. 21] From the Consul General at London Transmits statement of British Labor organizations approving the President’s speech of Jan. 8. 32
1913 Jan. 21 [Rec’d Jan. 22] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Czernin reported to have pronounced as sound some of the fourteen clauses of the President’s speech. 34
1372 Jan. 21 [Rec’d Jan. 22] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italy criticizes Lloyd George’s speech and asserts right to territory on eastern coast of Adriatic. 35
1373 Jan. 21 [Rec’d Jan. 22] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italy demands Trieste and other parts of eastern Adriatic coast. 35
1357 Jan. 22 From the Minister in Sweden (tel.): to the President Czernin represented as being in accord with views expressed in the President’s message of Jan. 8. 36
3087 Jan. 24 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Conclusions reached by military representatives of Supreme War Council regarding war situation and 1918 campaign. 36
3088 Jan. 24 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Resolution of military representatives of Supreme War Council urging formation of general reserve. Committee of supply created. 38
[Page XXI]

speeches of the german chancellor (hertling) and the austro-hungarian minister of foreign affairs (czernin), january 24

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
1932, 1933 Jan. 24 [Rec’d Jan. 25] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Hertling’s address to Reichstag Committee in reply to President Wilson and Lloyd George. 38
949 Jan. 25 To the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.); similar tel. to the Minister in Switzerland Instructions to cable comments of German Socialist and Liberal papers on Hertling’s address. 42
1382 Jan. 25 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italian officials seek reaffirmation of secret treaty between Italy, France, England, and Russia, recently published. 42
Jan. 26 To the French Ambassador Reply to French inquiry regarding meaning of point 10 of the President’s address of Jan. 8. 43
8406 Jan. 26 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to the President also British press comment on German Chancellor’s speech of Jan. 24. 43
1942 Jan. 26 [Rec’d Jan.27] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) German press comment on the Chancellor’s speech of Jan. 24. 44
1949 Jan. 26 [Rec’d Jan. 27] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Reported that Hertling and Czernin conferred together before making their speeches. 45
1859 Jan. 26 [Rec’d Jan. 27] From the Chargé in Denmark (tel.) General strike in Austria, press account of which was suppressed in Germany, an evidence of dissension between two powers. 45
2513 Jan. 27 [Rec’d Jan. 28] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) German press comment on the Chancellor’s speech of Jan. 24. 47
1961 Jan. 28 From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Hertling states public opinion demands restoration of German colonies for liberation of Belgium. 49
94 Jan. 28 [Rec’d Jan. 29] From the Greek Legation Request that small Allied states be represented at peace conference. Restoration of Greek nationals desired. 50
6383 Jan. 29 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to repeat to Ambassadors in France and Italy Press report untrue that Czernin’s speech was submitted to President Wilson before being delivered. 51
8433 Jan. 29 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Rumor of peace negotiations between Austria and the United States believed to be another move in German peace offensive. 52
1409 Jan. 30 [Rec’d Jan. 31] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) German unofficial peace proposal. 53
[Page XXII]2540 Jan. 30 [Rec’d Jan. 31] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Czernin’s speech of Jan. 24 on Russian peace and general peace negotiations. 54
1974 Jan. 30 [Rec’d Jan. 31] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Report that Reichstag deems declaration as to Belgium inadvisable. Offer of secret peace negotiations with the United States. 59
1393 Jan. 31 [Rec’d Feb. 1] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italy satisfied that Great Britain will observe secret treaty. 60
2544 Jan. 31 [Rec’d Feb. 2] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Lammasch sends message to President Wilson regarding willingness of Emperor Charles to make separate peace with Allies. 60

third session of the supreme war council, january 30—february 21 discussion of the use of american troops-public statement of the allied premiers denouncing the enemy peace program-objection by the united states to collective pronouncements by the supreme war council,—unofficial conversations on peace between professor herron and a bulgarian emissary

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
3117 Jan. 31 [Rec’d Feb. 1] From the Ambassador in France (tel.); to House also Frazier reports Supreme War Council’s discussion of amalgamation of U.S. troops in French or British divisions. 63
3118 Jan. 31 [Rec’d Feb. 1] From the Ambassador in France (tel.); to House also Frazier reports discussion of use of U.S. troops; Pershing’s objections to British plan and his counter-proposition. 64
2536 Jan. 30 [Rec’d Feb. 1] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Unofficial conversations between Herron and Bulgarian emissary on peace and on Bulgaria’s aims. 65
6403 Feb. 1 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); similar tel. to the Ambassadors in France and Italy Informal assurance that no peace negotiations will be entered into without knowledge of Allies. 67
2554 Feb. 1 [Rec’d Feb. 2] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Papal effort to bring belligerents together. President Wilson requested to make statement. 68
1995 Feb. 2 [Rec’d Feb. 3] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) German press comment on strike movement, Socialist attitude, etc. 68
3135 Feb. 2 [Rec’d Feb. 3] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Frazier’s report: Public statement of Supreme War Council regarding continuation of war. 70
2567 Feb. 3 From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Suggests withholding answer to Czernin until receipt of telegram now being prepared. 71
1449 Feb. 4 To the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Instructions to withhold from French and British chiefs of mission information of Austrian offer of separate peace. 71
[Page XXIII]5438 Jan. 19 [Rec’d Feb. 5] From the Consul General at London Transmits Prime Minister’s speech of Jan. 18 on continuation of the war and interpellations of Trade Union delegates. 72
972 Feb. 5 To the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) The United States will enter into no secret negotiations with representatives of German Government. 80
3149 Feb. 5 To the Ambassador in France (tel.): to Frazier Objection to issuance of collective statements by Supreme War Council unless submitted for approval of President Wilson. 81
2583 Feb. 6 [Rec’d Feb. 7] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Desires to inform British and French missions that Austrian peace conversations are being discussed with their Governments from Washington. 82

the herron-lammasch conversations, february 3–4

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
2356 Feb. 8 [Rec’d Mar. 7] From the Chargé in Switzerland Report of conversations of Herron and Lammasch at Berne, and Herron’s interview with Muehlon. 82
2603 Feb. 8 [Rec’d Feb. 10] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Political and economic situation in Germany and Austria; Bohemian independence movement. 105
3178 Feb. 10 [Rec’d Feb. 11] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Opinion divided regarding powers of Supreme War Council, yet confidence felt in strength of military situation. 107

president Wilson’s speech in reply to hertling and czernin, february 11; comment in associated and enemy countries-assurances transmitted to lammasch, february 15–letter of emperor charles to president wilson, february 17

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Feb. 11 Address of President Wilson Speech on peace terms delivered at joint session of Congress in reply to Hertling and Czernin. 108
1415 Feb. 13 [Rec’d Feb. 14] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Favorable comment of Rome press on President Wilson’s address of Feb. 11. Address of Premier. 113
3197 Feb. 14 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) French official endorsement of, and press comment on, President Wilson’s speech of Feb. 11. 114
[Page XXIV]1417 Feb. 14 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Publication of secret treaty of 1915. Declarations in Chamber of Deputies on Italy’s claims. 115
2031 Feb. 14 [Rec’d Feb. 15] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) German press comment on President Wilson’s speech of Feb. 11. 116
1500 Feb. 15 To the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Instruction to convey secret, unofficial assurance to Austria of U.S. financial aid in case of breach with Germany. 119
2642 Feb. 15 [Rec’d Feb. 16] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Emperor Charles’s declaration to Austrian people on Ukraine peace. 120
2661 Feb. 16 [Rec’d Feb. 17] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Further comment by German press on President Wilson’s speech of Feb. 11. 120
1423 Feb. 16 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Foreign Minister discusses U. S. participation in the war, Vatican position on peace moves, and clause 15 of secret treaty. 122
2664 Feb. 16 [Rec’d Feb. 17] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Interview between Haussmann of Liberal Populist Party and Herron regarding the President’s message. 122
2660 Feb. 16 [Rec’d Feb. 18] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Austrian official asks whether the United States would help Austria break with Germany and make separate peace. 124
2671 Feb. 17 [Rec’d Feb. 18] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Vienna press comment on President Wilson’s speech of Feb. 11. 124
3197 Feb. 18 To the Ambassador in France (tel.); the same to the Ambassadors in Great Britain and Italy The President disapproves of actions of Supreme War Council and Inter-Allied Board regarding political subjects. 125
6611 Feb. 18 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassador in France Venizelos desires statement from the Allies of intention to protect rights of Greece. Instruction to inquire British attitude. 126
8748 Feb. 20 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to the President also Text of Austro-Hungarian secret message to Spain to be forwarded to President Wilson, proposing negotiations for peace. 126
8749 Feb. 20 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Evidence that Austrian Emperor’s peace message to President Wilson is sent with approval of Germany. 128
Feb. 21 To the Secretary of War Suggestion that larger number of officers be sent in military mission to Italy. 128
[Page XXV]8764 Feb. 21 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Communications between Czernin and Austro-Hungarian Ambassador at Madrid regarding secret peace message to President Wilson. 128
2694 Feb. 21 [Rec’d Feb. 22] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Department’s secret message transmitted to Lammasch at Vienna. 129
Feb. 19 [Rec’d Feb. 22] From the Vice Consul at Zurich (tel.) German offensive being held back in hope that President Wilson’s attitude may open way for peace. 130
2058 Feb. 22 [Rec’d Feb. 23] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Germany believed to be inclined to make statement concerning restoration of Belgium. 131
Undated [Rec’d Feb. 24] From the Vice Consul at Zurich (tel.) Reported statements of Hertling and others regarding disposal of Belgium, Alsace-Lorraine, etc. 131
11 Feb. 23 [Rec’d Feb. 24] From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Interview with Clemenceau on President Wilson’s objection to collective announcements of Supreme War Council. 132
1985 Feb. 23 [Rec’d Feb. 24] From the Chargé in Denmark (tel.) Political situation in Germany; reform bills. 133
8795 Feb. 25 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British Government prepared to join in statement of intention to protect rights of Greece. 134

chancellor hertling’s speech, february 25–british attitude toward german and austrian advances regarding peace-support by the united states of proposals for an inter-allied general reserve-italian request for american troops

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
2066 Feb. 25 [Rec’d Feb. 26] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Transmits substance of Hertling’s speech in Reichstag regarding German war aims. 135
8815 Feb. 26 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Message of Austro-Hungarian Ambassador in Spain to Czernin on delivery of secret peace message to Spanish King. 138
1576 Feb. 26 [Rec’d Feb. 27] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Reported that Germany seeks understanding with President Wilson for bringing about peace. 139
Feb. 27 Department memorandum France would take up with President Wilson secret proposals for peace which the Central Powers are making. 140
8826 Feb. 27 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to the President also Balfour’s comments on Austrian peace advances to the United States. 140
[Page XXVI]8841 Feb. 28 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to the President also Quotes from Balfour’s speech in House of Commons on futility of beginning peace negotiations at present. 142
6719 Feb. 28 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Inquiry regarding results of Inter-Allied Labor Conference at London and views of delegates who will visit the United States. 142
3264 Feb. 28 [Rec’d Mar. 1] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) France is disposed to offer protection to Greece. 143
8860 Mar. 1 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Memorandum on war aims of Inter-Allied Labor and Socialist Conference is being sent by pouch. 143
Mar. 1 From the Minister in Belgium (tel.) Belgium will discuss peace only in concert with its allies. 144
2006 Mar. 2 [Rec’d Mar. 3] From the Chargé in Denmark (tel.) Press comment on twofold aim of Hertling’s speech. Account of speeches of Payer and Scheidemann on party issues. 144
2769 Mar. 4 [Rec’d Mar. 6] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Bulgarian unofficial advance regarding separate peace. Instructions requested. 147
8910 Mar. 6 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Spanish King informs Austrian Emperor that his peace message has been delivered to President Wilson. 149
2781 Mar. 5 [Rec’d Mar. 7] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Excerpts from speech of Lammasch before Austrian Upper House on peace negotiations and Austrian policy. 150
8946 Mar. 7 [Rec’d Mar. 8] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Reports British views on resolutions of Inter-Allied Labor Conference at London. Delegates to the United States being chosen. 151
6841 Mar. 11 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) U.S. support of proposals for inter-Allied general reserve. 152
9069 Mar. 15 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Personnel of proposed Socialist mission to the United States. 152
1472 Mar. 14 [Rec’d Mar. 16] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italian request for American troops. 153
6912 Mar. 16 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Inquiry regarding British participation in Stockholm Conference, and regarding secret proposals submitted to Labor Party and Socialist Conference. 154
[Page XXVII]

memorandum of the inter-allied labor and socialist conference on war aims, february 23 (received march 18)—proposals for a discussion between socialist and labor parties of the allied and central powers and for an allied socialist mission to the united states; attitude of the american government—allied reverses in france: american assurances of reenforcements—communications exchanged between president wilson and emperor Charles—the american labor mission to europe

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
8442 Mar. 1 [Rec’d Mar. 18] From the Ambassador in Great Britain Transmits memorandum on war aims adopted Feb. 23 by Inter-Allied Labor and Socialist Conference at London. 154
23 Mar. 18 From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Reported discussion by British and Italian officials of article 15 of secret treaty. 167
6935 Mar. 19 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); the same to the Ambassador in France Approval of resolutions of Supreme War Council regarding inter-Allied general reserve. 168
9116 Mar. 19 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British attitude toward Socialist conference of delegates from belligerent countries. 168
28 Mar. 19 [Rec’d Mar. 20] From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.); to the President also Allied Governments disapprove of conference of Socialists of Allied and Central Powers, but approve of Allied Socialist mission to the United States. 169
3352 Mar. 22 To the Ambassador in France (tel.); the same to the Ambassadors in Great Britain and Italy Opposed to unofficial international conferences such as proposed by Socialist and Labor Parties. 171
2919 Mar. 22 [Rec’d Mar. 24] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Inquires if Department desires any reply given to unofficial Bulgarian representative. 172
9196 Mar. 24 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): to the President British defeat in France; desperate need of men. 172
2921 Mar. 23 [Rec’d Mar. 25] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Report of German ultimatum to Austria as result of Lammasch’s negotiations in Switzerland. 173
36 Mar. 26 From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Meaning of article 15 of secret treaty between Great Britain and Italy, inaccurately revealed by Russian Maximalists. 173
9219 Mar. 26 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to the President also The United States is urged to rush further military reenforcements to France. 174
[Page XXVIII]3453 Mar. 26 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) French approval of exposition of U.S. attitude toward unofficial international conferences. 174
3455 Mar. 26 [Rec’d Mar. 27] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Military situation in France as described by Foreign Minister. 175
1488 Mar. 26 [Rec’d Mar. 27] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Foreign Minister in full accord with U. S. views regarding unofficial international conferences. 176
Mar. 27 The Secretary of War to President Wilson (tel.) Military situation in France and disposition of U.S. troops at front. 176
3391 Mar. 27 To the Ambassador in France (tel.): House to Frazier The President deems it inexpedient for special mission representing any party to visit the United States at present. 177
Mar. 28 The Secretary of War to President Wilson (tel.) Recommends temporary augmentation of Allied forces by U.S. infantry but their ultimate reincorporation under U.S. command. 177
67 Mar. 28 The Military Representative, Supreme War Council, to The Adjutant General (tel.) Joint note of the military representatives of Supreme War Council on U.S. replacements, transmitted for action by the President. 178
Undated The British Ambassador on Special Mission to President Wilson Presents Lloyd George’s telegram of Mar. 28 on military crisis and necessity for coordination of forces under General Foch. 180
1491 Mar. 28 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italian plea for small American force in Italy for moral effect. 182
9268 Mar. 28 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Quotes Spanish King’s message of Mar. 5 to Emperor Charles when communicating President Wilson’s reply to secret peace proposals. 182
Undated President Wilson to Emperor Charles (tel.) It is desired that conditions as basis for general peace be explicitly stated. 183
Undated Emperor Charles to President Wilson (tel.) Further statement of views regarding bases of peace. 184
39 Mar. 29 The Adjutant General to the Military Representative, Supreme War Council (tel.): to Baker Authorization to decide questions of immediate cooperation or replacement. 187
1695 Mar. 29 To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) No special message for Bulgaria. Joint effort with Austria toward peace suggested. 187
9285 Mar. 30 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to the President also Lloyd George thinks that present battle will probably lead to appointment of an executive generalissimo. 187
[Page XXIX]353 Apr. 2 From the British Ambassador on Special Mission Conveys expression of thanks from Lloyd George to the President for assurances of prompt reenforcements. 188
7106 Apr. 2 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassadors in France and Italy Contrary to U.S. policy to discuss international questions with citizens of foreign state unless by authority of their government. 188
7107 Apr. 2 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Requests courtesy for delegation of American Federation of Labor, which seeks to cooperate with U.S. and Allied Governments. 189

speech of the austro-hungarian minister of foreign affairs (czernin), april 2–request of the greek government for guarantees

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
2234 Apr. 3 From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Quotes address of Czernin to delegation of Common Council of Vienna on political situation, appealing for united effort in war. 189
1497 Apr. 3 [Rec’d Apr. 4] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Visit of U.S. Secretary of War to Italy. Importance of presence of U.S. military force for moral effect. 195
1085 Apr. 4 [Rec’d Apr. 5] From the Greek Minister Presents Greek message to the President requesting assurances regarding territorial integrity of Greece. 196
39 Apr. 5 The Secretary of War to President Wilson (tel.) Estimate of German strength; U.S. troops facing action; supreme command given Foch. 197
3525 Apr. 4 [Rec’d Apr. 5] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Clemenceau looks upon U.S. attitude toward Socialist Conference as vindication of his position. 198
7144 Apr. 5 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Hurley to Stevens Program to meet call of Supreme War Council for fullest possible immediate military participation. 198
1157 Apr. 5 To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Transfer of U.S. ambulance sections to Italy for duty with Italian forces. 199

president wilson’s speech of april 6; comment in associated and enemy countries—assurances to greece, april 19

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Apr. 6 Address of President Wilson Speech made at Baltimore on anniversary of entering war and in interest of Liberty Loan. 200
[Page XXX]2134 Apr. 6 [Rec’d Apr. 7] From the Chargé in Denmark (tel.) Peace feelers by Austria-Hungary apparently designed to provoke the United States into taking ostensible initiative. 203
3547 Apr. 8 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) French official commendation of President Wilson’s speech of Apr. 6, and press comment. 204
9443 Apr. 10 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to the President also Appreciation expressed in Great Britain for hastening of U.S. troops to Europe. The President’s Baltimore speech commended. 205
2288 Apr. 10 [Rec’d Apr. 11] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) German press comment on President Wilson’s speech of Apr. 6. 206
1513 Apr. 11 [Rec’d Apr. 12] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Foreign Minister desires to communicate to Parliament U.S. declaration of policy regarding unofficial conferences. 209
Mar. 23 [Rec’d Apr. 13] Report of the Consul at Paris Pacifism and popular unrest in France. 210
3615 Apr. 14 [Rec’d Apr. 15] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Reports progress of great battle in north and publication of letter of Emperor Charles to Prince Sixte de Bourbon. 213
3628 Apr. 16 [Rec’d Apr. 17] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Effect in France of publication by Clemenceau of letter of Emperor Charles to Prince Sixte de Bourbon. 215
1190 Apr. 17 To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) No objection to use in Parliament of U.S. declaration of policy regarding unofficial conferences. 216
Apr. 18 From the Greek Minister Bulgaria seeks friendly support in Balkans; advances unheeded by Greece. 216
415 Apr. 18 [Rec’d Apr. 19] From the British Ambassador on Special Mission French Government agrees that General Foch be designated commander in chief of Allied armies in France. 216
429 Apr. 19 To the Minister in Greece (tel.) Informal assurances of assistance in preserving integrity of Greece. The President’s note of Apr. 5 to Venizelos quoted. 217
3153 Apr. 24 [Rec’d Apr. 27] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Herron approached by German pacifists asserting Germany ready for negotiations. 217
488 Apr. 26 [Rec’d Apr. 27] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Effect of U.S. assurances to Greece. 218
3181 Apr. 27 [Rec’d Apr. 29] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Possibility of German secret official proposals of peace conversations with Entente. 218
[Page XXXI]

fifth session of the supreme war council, may 1–21 discussion of the use of american troops–consideration’ of the advisability of declaring a state of war with turkey and Bulgaria–president wilson’s speech of may 18

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
47 May 1 [Rec’d May 2] From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Discussion in fifth session of Supreme War Council of allotment of U.S. troops. 219
48 May 2 [Rec’d May 3] From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Agreement reached in Supreme War Council on subject of employment of U.S. troops. 222
7556 May 3 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); the same to the Ambassadors in France and Italy Inquires attitude of Government to which accredited toward U.S. declaration of war with Turkey and/or Bulgaria. 222
49 May 3 From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Executive War Board superseded by supreme commander by agreement of Beauvais. 223
51 May 3 [Rec’d May 4] From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Discussion of Beauvais agreement and Italian reenforcements for France. 223
52 May 4 [Rec’d May 5] From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Further discussions in Supreme War Council on disposition of U.S. troops, Pershing insisting on independent U.S. Army. 224
1579 May 4 [Rec’d May 5] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) U.S. declaration of war upon Turkey and Bulgaria recommended by Italy. 225
54 [55?] May 6 From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Criticism of agreement of Abbeville and plan advocated by Pershing. 226
3818 May 6 [Rec’d May 7] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Pichon will bring before Council of Ministers the U.S. proposal of declaration of war on Turkey and Bulgaria. 227
3825 May 7 [Rec’d May 8] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): from Bliss Joint recommendation of military representatives, Supreme War Council, on subject of U.S. declaration of war on Turkey and Bulgaria. 227
May 4 [Rec’d May 9] From the Vice Consul at Zurich (tel.) German Chancellor secretly offers to open negotiations with the United States for exchange of peace ideas. 229
3835 May 8 [Rec’d May 9] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) France considers U.S. declaration of war on Turkey and Bulgaria as desirable. 229
3871 May 12 [Rec’d May 13] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Favorable reception accorded American Labor Commission in Paris. 230
[Page XXXII]7755 May 16 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); the same to the Ambassador in France The United States will redouble its efforts to assist Italy in prosecution of the war against the Central Powers. 230
2638 May 16 [Rec’d May 17] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) German press summary of meeting of German and Austrian Emperors at Spa. 231
10116 May 17 [Rec’d May 18] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Quotes Foreign Office note of May 17: Great Britain considers it desirable that the United States declare war on Turkey and Bulgaria. Reasons. 232
May 18 Address of President Wilson Speech opening campaign in New York for the second Red Cross fund. 233
22 Apr. 8 [Rec’d May 20] Report of the Special Agent at Cairo Political situation in Syria; ambitions of the King of the Hejaz. 237
784 May 20 To the Minister in Sweden (tel.); similar tel. to the Ambassador in Great Britain Requests report on Stockholm Conference of 1917, especially on relations between German Socialists and Bolsheviks. 238
1336 May 23 To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Increased assistance to Italy. 238
2149 May 23 [Rec’d May 24] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Stockholm conference never took place. Certain delegates presented reports to Dutch-Scandinavian Committee or conferred with German Socialists. 239
2852 May 23 [Rec’d May 24] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) German press comment on President Wilson’s speech of May 18. 239
17 Mar. 4 [Rec’d May 28] Report of the Special Agent at Cairo Growing discontent among Arabs; reasons therefor. Speeches on British and French policies. 241

sixth session of the supreme war council, june 1–3: the question of unity of naval command in the mediterranean–appeal of the allied premiers for more american troops–fresh reverses in france–assurances to france and promise of american troops to Italy–“peace offensive” in the german press–speeches of kühlmann and hertling, june 24 and 25–change of government in bulgaria: unofficial advances regarding peace

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
67 June 2 From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Subject of supreme command in Mediterranean taken up in sixth session of Supreme War Council. 244
69 June 2 From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Supreme War Council agrees upon unity of command in Mediterranean, Adriatic, and Aegean. 245
[Page XXXIII]70 June 2 [Rec’d June 3] From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Resolution of unity of command withdrawn as Italian representative insists upon Italy’s command in Adriatic. 246
2218 June 3 [Rec’d June 4] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Press reports resolutions of German Social Democratic Labor Party at Vienna and terms of peace Central Powers are urged to offer. 246
June 2 [Rec’d June 6] The Allied Prime Ministers to President Wilson (tel.) Appeal for more U.S. troops. 247
1236 June 2 [Rec’d June 4] General Pershing to The Adjutant General (tel.): to Baker and March Text of agreement with French and British for transportation of U.S. troops in June and July. 249
10448 June 5 [Rec’d June 6] From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.) Prospects of an international Socialist conference. 250
628 June 7 From the British Ambassador on Special Mission Instructions given British delegate to prisoner-of-war conference in case of German approach on subject of peace. 251
2377 June 8 From the Chargé in Denmark (tel.) Comment on German press suggestion of a peace offensive consisting of publication of German war aims. 252
4147 June 9 [Rec’d June 10] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Second offensive in France checked. Precautions taken in defense of Paris; confidence in U.S. troops. 253
1424 June 11 To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Sending of U.S. troops to Italy favorably considered. 256
June 12 President Poinearé to President Wilson (tel.) Expression of appreciation of U.S. participation in the war. 256
1432 June 12 To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) U.S. troops will be sent to Italy. 257
June 14 President Wilson to President Poinearé (tel.) Assurance of adequate support for France. 257
3654 June 14 [Rec’d June 16] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Report of German political situation. Program of war aims as press suggestion. 257
June 17 To the Consul General at Sofia (tel.) Explanation requested of Bulgaria for placing its officers on enemy submarines engaged in active aggression against the United States. 258
10713 June 19 From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.) U.S. Labor delegates fail to accord with views of British and French Socialists. British Labor conference to be held. 259
June 17 [Rec’d June 20] From the Vice Consul at Zurich (tel.) Reliable information received that Germany is anxious to make peace on a status quo ante basis. 260
[Page XXXIV]1476 June 21 To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Criticism of America and lack of cooperation reported from Italy. Instructions to make statement of U.S. attitude. 260
1766 June 25 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) No criticism of America since war with Austria was declared by the United States. 261
3260 June 25 [Rec’d June 26] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Substance of Kühlmann’s speech before Reichstag: War situation and prospect of peace. 261
3744 June 24 [Rec’d June 26] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Bulgaria’s unofficial advances regarding peace. Recommendations. 262
1764 June 24 [Rec’d June 26] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italian attitude toward proposed single commander of all Allied naval forces. 264
3271 June 26 [Rec’d June 27] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Speech of Hertling, June 25, on foreign policies. 265
3782 June 26 [Rec’d June 27] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Bulgarian aspirations unofficially communicated to British representative. Change in government. 266
3774 June 26 [Rec’d June 28] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Germany sending agents to prepare way for conciliatory peace in case offensive in France fails. 267
2201 June 29 To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Instructions to report activities of Bulgarians but to abstain from conversations with them or with Turks. 267
3802 June 28 [Rec’d June 30] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Kühlmann’s statement in favor of diplomatic discussions to aid in bringing about peace arouses anger of Conservatives. 268

president wilson’s speech of july 4—seventh session of the supreme war council, july 2–4–the herron-de fiori conversations

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
July 4 Address of President Wilson Address delivered at Mount Vernon, restating peace principles. 268
103 July 3 [Rec’d July 4] From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Discussion in Supreme War Council of means of supplying tonnage for transportation of U.S. troops. 271
111 July 4 [Rec’d July 5] From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Termination of seventh session of Council. Text of public announcement. 273
2476 July 6 [Rec’d July 7] From the Chargé in Denmark (tel.) Summary of Scheidemann’s Reichstag speech commenting on Kühlmann’s utterances. 273
3365 July 7 From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) German press comment on President Wilson’s speech of July 4. 275
[Page XXXV]3884 July 5 [Rec’d July 8] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) De Fiori again interviews Herron, bringing tentative peace program from Bavaria. 276
149 June 27 [Rec’d July 9] From the Consul General at Sofia (tel.) Bulgaria desires friendly relations with the United States. Denies hostile acts of Bulgarians. 279
6392 June 26 [Rec’d July 10] From the Consul General at London Transmits copies of Balfour’s speech in House of Commons, June 20, on subject of peace by negotiation. 279
2265 July 10 To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Eastern question not dealt with in Bavarian tentative peace program, hence latter not acceptable. 282
2273 July 10 To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.): Harrison to Wilson Instructions to try to win over Arab commission, sent to Switzerland to promote German and Turkish propaganda. 282
3914 July 9 [Rec’d July 11] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Unofficial report that Bulgarian Army desires to cooperate with Balkan neighbors and Entente against Germany. 283

chancellor hertling’s speeches of july 11 and 12: statements of policy regarding belgium—unofficial german advances toward belgium regarding peace; unfavorable judgment of these by the american government

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
3433 July 12 [Rec’d July 13] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Text of Hertling’s speech in the Reichstag on foreign and domestic policy and willingness for peace. 284
3932 July 11 [Rec’d July 13] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Text of Herron’s note inquiring if the President desires that he make any reply to Bavarian advances. 286
3436 Undated [Rec’d July 14] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Hertling’s remarks in the Reichstag on future of Belgium. 286
3937 July 12 [Rec’d July 14] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Effect of assassination of German Ambassador in Russia. Resignation of Kühlmann. Ludendorff’s policy. 287
3958 July 15 [Rec’d July 16] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Requests permission to inform British, French, and Italian colleagues of De Fiori’s communications. 288
2313 July 19 To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) No objection to informing British, French, and Italian colleagues of De Fiori’s communications. 288n
133 July 15 [Rec’d July 17] From the Minister in Belgium (tel.) Unofficial German advances toward Belgium regarding peace. 288
[Page XXXVI]152 July 9 [Rec’d July 17] From the Consul General at Sofia (tel.) Bulgarian note stating Bulgarian officers training in Germany not authorized to take part in hostilities against America. 290
2307 July 18 To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Message for Herron regarding Bavarian peace advances. 290
3997 July 18 [Rec’d July 20] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) British official, Geneva, has taken up with his Government question of giving financial support to Bulgarian Revolutionary Party. 290
3998 July 18 [Rec’d July 20] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Bavarian peace program to be revised. Secret communication with President Wilson desired by Germany. 291
4005 July 19 [Rec’d July 21] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Regret of Liberals at Kühlmann’s resignation. Chancellor’s concessions to Socialists. Belgium held as pledge. 291
107 July 22 [Rec’d July 23] From the Diplomatic Agent at Cairo (tel.) Reports use of U.S. flag in Egypt by American Jewish battalion joining British forces for service in Palestine. 292
259 June 29 [Rec’d July 26] From the Consul General at Sofia Friendly feeling of new Bulgarian Cabinet for the United States. 292
1878 July 26 [Rec’d July 27] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Foreign Minister discredits Bulgaria’s motives. 293
Undated [Rec’d July 29] From the Vice Consul at Zurich (tel.) Hertling’s acceptance of peace conditions of President Wilson’s Mount Vernon speech, transmitted through unofficial channels. 294
July 30 [Rec’d July 31] From the Serbian Minister Protest against Bulgarian action and request that Serbia be permitted to participate in negotiations concerning its future. 294
July 31 To the Diplomatic Agent at Cairo (tel.) Instructions to make representations to British authorities and Jewish battalion against display of U.S. flag in Egypt and Palestine. 295
1597 Aug. 1 To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Instruction to inform Italy that the United States supports proposal for unity of command in the Mediterranean. 295
136 Aug. 10 [Rec’d Aug. 11] From the Minister in Belgium (tel.) Belgium declines to consider Germany’s peace advances. 296
3911 Aug. 10 [Rec’d Aug. 11] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Effect of publication in Germany of news of military reverses. 296
2437 Aug. 13 To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Herron instructed to reply to De Fiori that the United States will consider only official communications regarding peace. 297
[Page XXXVII]1045 Aug. 13 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British Labor Party protests against Government’s refusal of passports to attend neutral conference. 297
1232 Aug. 20 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Gompers’ visit hailed as antidote to pacifism which is causing division in British Labor Party. 298
632 Aug. 22 To the Minister in the Netherlands U.S. attitude toward Luxembourg. 299
1947 Aug. 24 [Rec’d Aug.26] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Political situation in Italy. 300
129 Aug. 30 [Rec’d Aug. 31] From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.); to House also Pershing proposes united action on all fronts to end war, and suggests that this be urged by President Wilson. 301
4313 Sept. 7 [Rec’d Sept. 8] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Depression in Germany. Fulfillment of royal proclamation on equal suffrage urged. Bavarian resentment against economic arrangement. 301
140 Sept. 9 [Rec’d Sept. 10] From the Minister in Belgium (tel.) German unofficial offer of conditional independence to Belgium. 303
310 Sept. 11 To the Minister in Belgium (tel.) German offer to Belgium does not merit favorable consideration. 304
4403 Sept. 13 [Rec’d Sept. 14] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Summary of Payer’s speech at Stuttgart on peace terms. 304

austro-hungarian peace note, september 16; american reply, september 17—hertling’s speech, september 24

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Sept. 16 From the Swedish Minister Communicates Austro-Hungarian message to Sweden for transmission to belligerent states, proposing conference to discuss peace terms. 306
Sept. 17 To the Swedish Minister The President replies that peace terms have already been stated and declines to consider conference. 309
1950 Sept. 17 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) U.S. reply to Austrian peace proposal accords with British views. 310
2022 Sept. 19 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Press universally approves the President’s answer to Austrian note. 310
2813 Sept. 21 From the Chargé in Denmark (tel.) Political discussion in Germany revolves around subject of peace. Criticism of Austrian peace note. 311
4524 Sept. 21 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Text of German reply to Austrian peace note: Germany is prepared to participate in proposed peace conference. 312
[Page XXXVIII]2774 Sept. 23 To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.): to Garrett Cautions against entertaining German or Austrian overtures for peace during prisoner-of-war conferences. 312
1569 Sept. 24 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Possible British attempt to detach Turkey from Central Powers as result of successes in Palestine. 313
4569 Sept. 24 [Rec’d Sept.25] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Hertling’s speech before Main Committee of Reichstag on seriousness of situation and German attitude. 313
2205 Sept. 25 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) No evidence that Great Britain is considering separate peace with Turkey. 315

president Wilson’s speech of September 27—the Bulgarian armistice september 29—declaration of the united states against a separate peace with bulgaria, october 2—replacement of chancellor hertling by prince max of baden

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Sept. 26 To the diplomatic representatives in Allied and Associated countries (tel.) Forwards copies of President Wilson’s address of Sept. 27 with request for expression of opinion thereon by government to which accredited. 315
Sept. 27 Address of President Wilson Speech at New York opening campaign for Fourth Liberty Loan: further statement on war issues. 316
4585 Sept. 26 [Rec’d Sept.27] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Bulgarian note of Sept. 26 will be sent to Department for such action as it may consider appropriate. 321
4586 Sept. 27 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Text of Bulgarian note of Sept. 26 proposing armistice with Great Britain. President Wilson’s good offices requested. 322
1695 Sept. 30 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Bulgarian note, proposing armistice with Great Britain, transmitted for communication to British Government. 322n
4587 Sept. 27 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Inquires whether he should accept Bulgarian note explaining policy and requesting U.S. mediation. 323
4918 Sept. 26 [Rec’d Sept.27] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Message from U.S. Consul General, Sofia: Leaving by official request for Macedonian front where Bulgaria will seek arrangements for armistice. 323
2132 Sept. 27 To the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) The President is willing to urge armistice upon Entente if its conditions are left for his decision. 324
[Page XXXIX]2050 Sept. 26 [Rec’d Sept.27] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italy is ready to accept united command under Foch with understanding that U.S. military aid will be given. 324
3013 Sept. 28 To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.): to Murphy Instruction to return to Sofia and take no part in Bulgarian negotiations. 325
4946 Sept. 27 [Rec’d Sept.28] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Text of Bulgarian message requesting good offices of the United States in securing an armistice. 325
169 Sept. 21 [Rec’d Sept.28] From the Consul General at Sofia (tel.) Text of Bulgarian reply to Austrian peace note. Bulgaria agrees that President Wilson should be arbiter of the Balkans. 326
4595 Sept. 28 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) German press comment on Erzberger’s pamphlet entitled The League of Nations the Way to Peace. 327
Sept. 28 [Rec’d Sept.29] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) French approval of President Wilson’s address of Sept. 27. 328
Sept. 28 [Rec’d Sept.29] From the Consul General at Saloniki (tel.) Transmits Bulgarian request for U.S. mediation for armistice to discuss separate peace. Desperate economic conditions in Bulgaria described. 329
Sept. 30 From the British Embassy Copy of telegram from Balfour for Clemenceau quoting Bulgarian note to British commander in chief in Orient requesting cessation of hostilities. Comments. 330
5231 Sept. 29 [Rec’d Sept.30] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Effect of Gompers’ visit to France. 330
Sept. 30 [Rec’d Oct. 1] From the Consul General at Saloniki (tel.) Bulgarian armistice signed. 331
2063 Sept. 29 [Rec’d Oct. 1] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Foreign Minister’s comments on President Wilson’s address of Sept. 27. 331
1738 Oct. 2 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to repeat, mutatis mutandis, to representatives in certain other countries Declaration against separate peace with Bulgaria. 334
4632 Undated [Rec’d Oct. 3] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) German press comment on military and political situation; Hertling’s resignation. 335
4650 Oct. 4 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Prince Max of Baden appointed German Chancellor; other changes in Cabinet. 337
2083 Oct. 3 [Rec’d Oct. 5] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italian offensive. 337
[Page XL]

german note requesting an armistice and peace negotiations on the basis of the president’s addresses, presented october 6—speech of the german chancellor, october 5—austro-hungarian note, presented october 7—-informal turkish proposals to the allies, october 6–9—american reply to the german request, october 8—joint note of the allied premiers to president wilson, october 9

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Oct. 6 The Swiss Chargé to President Wilson Transmits German note to President Wilson requesting armistice and peace negotiations on bases of his address of Jan. 8 and others. 337
5041 Oct. 4 [Rec’d Oct. 7] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Austrian press comment on political situation and parliamentary debates on constitutional changes, etc. 338
2564 Oct. 7 From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.) Informal Turkish approaches to Great Britain on subject of peace. 340
4978 Oct. 7 From the Swedish Minister Transmits Austro-Hungarian note to President Wilson proposing an armistice. 341
576 Oct. 6 [Rec’d Oct. 8] From the Chargé in Greece (tel.) Plans to overthrow Turkish Government. Unofficial peace proposals to Allies. 341
282 Oct. 8 To the Swiss Chargé Reply to German peace note: President Wilson inquires if Germany accepts U.S. peace terms and if ready to withdraw from invaded territory. 343
143 Oct. 7 [Rec’d Oct. 8] From the Minister in Belgium (tel.) In event of armistice, Belgium requests consideration of guaranties for its safety. 344
141 Oct. 7 [Rec’d Oct. 8] From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Armistice terms discussed by the Council. 344
142 Oct. 8 From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.); to House also French attitude toward German peace proposals. 345
2103 Oct. 7 [Rec’d Oct. 8] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Gompers states Labor element in America opposes favorable response to request of Central Powers for armistice. 346
144 Oct. 8 [Rec’d Oct. 9] From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Allied representatives on Supreme War Council await President Wilson’s response to peace proposals. 346
4715 Oct. 8 [Rec’d Oct. 9] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Press report of German Chancellor’s speech of Oct. 5 on program of new government and his peace proposals. 346
145 Oct. 9 [Rec’d Oct. 10] From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Further discussion of terms of armistice by Prime Ministers and Marshal Foch. 351
146 Oct. 9 [Rec’d Oct. 10] From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Prime Ministers are drafting note to President Wilson regarding his reply to German peace proposal. 352
[Page XLI]578 Oct. 9 [Rec’d Oct. 10] From the Chargé in Greece (tel.) Turkish unofficial peace proposals will not be considered by Great Britain. 352
147 Oct. 9 [Rec’d Oct. 10] From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Quotes joint note of Allied Prime Ministers stating why evacuation of invaded territory alone would not suffice as basis for armistice. 353
148 Oct. 9 [Rec’d Oct. 10] From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Quotes joint note which the three Prime Ministers will address to the President requesting U.S. representative in Europe. 353
2111 Oct. 8 [Rec’d Oct. 11] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Immediate reply to Central Powers urged to prevent spread of idea that armistice will be granted. 354
5387 Oct. 10 [Rec’d Oct. 11] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) French commendation of President Wilson’s reply to German peace note. Effect of Allied victories and German retreat. 354
2115 Oct. 9 [Rec’d Oct. 11] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italy considers President Wilson’s response to Central Empires as perfect diplomacy. 355
5398 Oct. 11 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Chamber of Deputies committee declares France will accept no armistice which would fail to give guaranties authorized by Entente victories. 355
4765 Oct. 12 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Quotes message from Luxembourg urging President Wilson’s support of its claims as independent state in peace negotiations. 356
471 Oct. 12 [Rec’d Oct. 13] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Quotes message to President Wilson from Government of Northern Russia expressing hope that Russia will be cleared of invaders by means of armistice. 356
2128 Oct. 12 [Rec’d Oct. 13] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italy points out necessity for holding certain strategic points on frontier as pledges during negotiations. 356

second german note, october 12; american reply, october 14, calling for the destruction of arbitrary power in germany—turkish note requesting an armistice and peace negotiations, presented october 14—dispatch of colonel house as american representative in the armistice negotiations at paris—proclamation of the federalization of austria, october 16

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Oct. 14 From the Swiss Chargé Transmits German note of Oct. 12 for President Wilson, accepting his peace terms and expressing readiness to discuss evacuation. 357
[Page XLII]285 Oct. 14 To the Swiss Chargé Reply to German note of Oct. 12: Guaranties required for maintenance of present military supremacy and for suppression of arbitrary power. 358
Oct. 14 The Spanish Ambassador to President Wilson Transmits Turkish note requesting that President Wilson use his good offices in bringing about armistice and peace negotiations. 359
5178 Oct. 12 [Rec’d Oct. 14] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Poland appeals for military protection against anarchy after signing of armistice. 360
1967 Oct. 14 To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.); the same to the Ambassadors in France and Italy House will be sent to Europe as the President’s special representative. 361
125 Sept. 7 [Rec’d Oct. 15] From the Diplomatic Agent at Cairo British regret expressed at misuse of U.S. flag in Egypt; steps taken to prevent recurrence. 361
2142 Oct. 14 [Rec’d Oct. 16] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italy hesitates to make an offensive without sufficient forces. Italian and French rivalry in evidence. 362
2145 Oct. 14 [Rec’d Oct. 16] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Official discussion of Italy’s position should armistice be declared. 362
5442 Oct. 16 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Views of Joffre and press comment on German demand for armistice; attitude of European statesmen toward President Wilson’s preeminence in negotiations. 363
2823 Oct. 15 [Rec’d Oct. 16] From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.) British attitude toward U.S. correspondence with Germany on subject of peace offer. 365
5274 Oct. 18 From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Text of manifesto of Emperor Charles, Oct. 16, proclaiming federalization of Austria. 367

american reply to the austro-hungarian peace note, october 19, repudiating autonomy of subject peoples as a basis of peace–german note of october 20 conveying assurances of popular control of the government

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
466 Oct. 19 To the Swedish Minister Forwards the President’s reply to Austria-Hungary’s peace note: Repudiation of autonomy of subject peoples as basis of peace. 368
5277 Oct. 18 [Rec’d Oct. 19] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Emperor Charles attempts to communicate with President Wilson through unofficial channels. Comments. 369
[Page XLIII]4832 Oct. 19 [Rec’d Oct. 20] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) German declaration regarding liberation of imprisoned and deported Belgians. 370
4833 Oct. 19 [Rec’d Oct. 20] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Quotes Cardinal Mercier’s letter of Oct. 17 to President Wilson, enclosing text of German declaration on liberating Belgian prisoners. 371
4834 Oct. 19 [Rec’d Oct. 20] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Views of political organs in Germany on peace notes. In congress of Bavarian Socialists, the Emperor’s abdication demanded and revolution suggested. 372
5266 Oct. 18 [Rec’d Oct.20] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Progress toward democratization of Germany. 373
2191 Oct. 20 [Rec’d Oct. 21] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italian press discusses fourteen points and Italy’s rights, declaring that Entente should formulate its peace program before beginning negotiations with Germany. 375
2269 Oct. 21 To the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Desires copies of Erzberger’s pamphlet entitled The League of Nations the Way to Peace. 376
2181 Oct. 19 [Rec’d Oct. 21] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italian territorial aspirations; comments on military situation. 377
2196 Oct. 21 [Rec’d Oct. 22] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italian press comment on President Wilson’s reply to Austria-Hungary. 378
5173 Oct. 22 To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Department can not authorize discussion with anyone representing Emperor Charles. 379
2202 Oct. 22 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Military rivalry between Italians and French in Albania and Serbis. 379
Oct. 22 From the Swiss Chargé Transmits German note of Oct. 20 for President Wilson: Assurance that peace offer is from Government supported by people. 379

american note to germany, october 23—submission of the correspondence with germany to the associated governments—speech of the german chancellor, october 22–german note of october 27—austro—hungarian note, transmitted october 29, offering to negotiate separately

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Oct. 23 To the Swiss Chargé The President’s message to Germany: Correspondence on peace negotiations has been submitted to Allies; determination to treat only with representatives of German people. 381
[Page XLIV]460 Oct. 23 To the Italian Ambassador; the same to diplomatic representatives of the other Associated Powers Submits correspondence with Germany relative to armistice and terms of peace for consideration of his Government. 383
Undated [Rec’d Oct. 23] From the British Embassy Telegram of Oct. 22 from Balfour: Authorization has been given British naval commander in chief at Mudros to discuss armistice with Turks. 384
Oct. 22 [Rec’d Oct. 23] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italy’s criticism of German reply regarding terms of armistice. 384
2212 Oct. 23 [Rec’d Oct. 24] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italian offensive begins, contrary to military judgment. 386
4882 Oct. 24 [Rec’d Oct. 251] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Text of German Chancellor’s speech of Oct. 22 on peace, league of nations, and internal policy. 386
5395 Oct. 25 [Rec’d Oct. 271] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Disrupted empire follows Austrian Emperor’s proclamation of federalization; political action taken by various nationalities. 392
Oct. 23 [Rec’d Oct. 28] From the Vice Consul at Zurich (tel.) German Admiralty reluctantly agrees to discontinue submarine operations. People favor abdication of Emperor, military leaders opposing it. 394
Oct. 28 From the Swiss Chargé Transmits German note of Oct. 27 for President Wilson: Assurance that peace negotiations are being conducted by government of the people. 395
5448 Oct. 27 [Rec’d Oct. 28] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Dismemberment of Austria-Hungary, several nationalities asserting independence. 396
6686 Oct. 14 [Rec’d Oct. 29] From the Ambassador in France Transmits copies of resolutions adopted by Congress of French Socialist Party and appeal of General Labor Confederation to the workingmen of France. 398
5461 Oct. 28 [Rec’d Oct. 29] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Press report of political changes in Hungary, Germany, and Austria. 403
5328 Oct. 29 From the Swedish Minister Transmits Austro-Hungarian note offering to negotiate for separate peace. 404
[Page XLV]

participation of colonel house in the armistice negotiations at paris—interpretation of the fourteen points—british reservation concerning “freedom of the seas”—american note to turkey, october 31—austro—hungarian note, received october 31

No. Date From and to whom Subject page
5 Oct. 29 From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President Forwards analysis of the President’s fourteen points and inquires if interpretation is satisfactory. 405
7 Oct. 29 From the Special Representative (tel.) Policy of Allies said to be to take control of peace negotiations out of hands of President Wilson. 413
3191 Oct. 29 From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.) Prevailing opinions in Great Britain regarding recent events and discussion of economic policy after the war. 413
3042 Oct. 29 From the Chargé in Denmark (tel.) The Kaiser’s abdication imminent. 415
4904 Oct. 29 [Rec’d Oct. 30] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Turkey desirous of renewing friendly relations with the United States. 416
3043 Oct. 29 From the Chargé in Denmark (tel.) Reports visit by German Liberal in effort to establish Germany’s claim to democratic, representative government. 416
Oct. 26 [Rec’d Oct. 30] From the Vice Consul at Zurich (tel.) Necessity for abdication of the Emperor recognized by Germans. 418
5480 Oct. 29 [Rec’d Oct. 30] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Austria-Hungary sends representative to sue for separate peace as necessity. 419
Oct. 30 The President to the Special Representative (tel.) Analysis of fourteen points is satisfactory interpretation of principles involved. 421
8 Oct. 30 From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President Discussion of the President’s fourteen points with Allied representatives. Their failure to agree. 421
Oct. 30 The President to the Special Representative (tel.) Declines to take part in negotiations for a peace which does not include freedom of seas and league of nations. 423
9 Oct. 30 From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President Suggested action in case of disagreement among Allies on fourteen points. 423
10 Oct. 30 From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President British plan for disposal of German colonies, and for Allied conference to settle differences. 424
12 Oct. 30 [Rec’d Oct. 31] From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President British draft of proposed reply to the President by Allied Governments on peace terms. Comments. 425
13 Oct. 30 [Rec’d Oct. 31] From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President Adoption of British draft as Allies’ reply to President Wilson’s fourteen points. 427
[Page XLVI] Oct. 31 The President to the Special Representative (tel.) Insistence upon acceptance by the Allies of principle of freedom of the seas. 427
984 Oct. 31 To the Spanish Ambassador Turkish request for armistice negotiations will be communicated to the Allies. 428
5348 Oct. 30 [Rec’d Oct. 31] From the Swedish Minister Transmits Austro-Hungarian note requesting immediate armistice. 429
Oct. 31 Department memorandum Swedish Minister is informed that Austro-Hungarian request will be submitted to Allies for consideration. 429
332 Oct. 31 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Assurances to Government of Northern Russia that Russian interests will be safeguarded in treating with Germany. 430

discussion of the armistice terms—the armistice with turkey, signed october 30—disintegration of austria-hungary—the armistice with austria-hungary, signed november 3

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
23 Oct. 31 From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President Terms of armistice to be proposed to Austria have been agreed upon. 430
2255 Oct. 30 [Rec’d Oct. 31] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Press comment on Austrian peace note; successful Italian offensive. 431
24 Nov. 1 From the Special Representative (tel.) Transmits text of proposed armistice with Austria-Hungary. 433
Oct. 31 [Rec’d Nov. 1] From the Russian Ambassador No recognized government in Russia to consider peace terms. Suggested terms of armistice as affecting Russia. 435
30 Nov. 1 From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President Progress made toward agreement on terms of armistice with Germany. 438
5506 Oct. 31 [Rec’d Nov. 1] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Press reports soldiers in Vienna and Budapest disarming and demanding representation in National Council. 438
5520 Oct. 31 [Rec’d Nov. 1] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Press comment on disintegration of Austria-Hungary and economic and political situation. 439
2261 Oct. 30 [Rec’d Nov. 1] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Telegram of Italian chief of staff: Austro-Hungarian commission visits Italian lines with instructions to enter negotiations for armistice; Italian reply. 441
32 Undated [Rec’d Nov. 1] From the Special Representative (tel.) Text of conditions of armistice with Turkey. 441
[Page XLVII] Nov. 2 Department memorandum Bakhmeteff urges the United States to become champion for Russia at Versailles, treating the country as an entity. 443
5513 Oct. 31 [Rec’d Nov. 2] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Growing ascendancy of civil over military authorities in Germany; constitutional changes. 443
35 Nov. 2 From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President Agreed that terms of armistice to be offered Germany should await Austria’s reply. 444
5543 Nov. 2 [Rec’d Nov. 3] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Political developments in Austria-Hungary. 445
38 [39?] Nov. 3 From the Special Representative (tel.) Austrian armistice signed. 447

discussion of president wilson’s principles of peace—note of the soviet government, received november 3, regarding participation in the peace negotiations—reports of constitutional changes in germany—memorandum of the allied governments on the bases of peace, november 4–agreement on the terms of the armistice for germany

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
38 Nov. 3 From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President Discussion with Prime Ministers on subject of the President’s fourteen points. 448
1290, 1297 Oct. 29, Nov. 2 [Rec’d Oct. 30, Nov. 3] From the Minister in Norway (tel.) Quotes Russian Soviet note to Norway for President Wilson: Protest against U.S. and Allied treatment accorded Russia and demand for statement of policy. 448
41 Nov. 3 From the Special Representative (tel.) After further discussion, Allies agree on message to be sent Germany. British note of Nov. 3 quoted on willingness to discuss freedom of the seas. 455
4927 Nov. 3 [Rec’d Nov. 4] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) German Chancellor, in interview with Dutch reporter, describes democratization of Germany. 457
2334 Nov. 4 To the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Requests text of German constitutional amendments. 459
2335 Nov. 4 To the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Action on the Kaiser’s abdication said to have been delayed by report that President Wilson did not insist upon it. 459
4943 Nov. 5 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Official denial that any statement had been made reflecting views of U.S. Government regarding abdication of the Kaiser. 459n
[Page XLVIII]45 Nov. 4 From the Special Representative (tel.) Authorizes announcement in the United States that terms of armistice to be offered Germany have been; unanimously agreed upon by Allies. 460
42 Nov. 4 From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President Quotes resolutions agreed upon in conference with Allied representatives and memorandum of Allied Governments on the bases of peace. 460
4930 Nov. 4 [Rec’d Nov. 5] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) The Kaiser’s proclamation of Oct. 28 on governmental reforms, as quoted in German press. 462
47 Nov. 4 [Rec’d Nov. 5] From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President Procedure agreed upon for handling of armistice negotiations with Germany. 463
46 Nov. 4 [Rec’d Nov. 5] From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President Conditions of armistice to be proposed to Germany. 463

american note to germany, november 5, transmitting the allied memorandum and referring further communications to marshal foch—appeal of president wilson to the peoples of austria-hungary for moderation—further inquiry of the soviet government regarding negotiations—false report of the signature of the armistice

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
286 Nov. 5 To the Swiss Minister Allied statement for Germany expressing willingness to make peace oh the President’s terms. Foch authorized to receive delegates. 468
10108 Oct. 22 [Rec’d Nov. 5] From the Chargé in Great Britain Transmits communication of Oct. 15 from Executive Committee of the Union of Democratic Control supporting the President’s peace terms. 469
3275 Nov. 5 To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) For publication: The President’s appeal to liberated nationalities of Austria-Hungary for moderation. 470
Nov. 5 From the Minister in Norway (tel.) Text of Norwegian note stating that the Bolsheviks desire to negotiate with the United States and the Allies. 471
4964 Nov. 5 [Rec’d Nov. 6] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Press account of antiwar movement at Kiel conducted by Independent Socialists, assisted by soldiers. 471
5579 Nov. 4 [Rec’d Nov. 6] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Bolshevik menace in Austria; Austrian request for U.S. troops. 472
2356 Nov. 6 To the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) The President is disposed to have friendly regard for interests of Luxembourg. 472
[Page XLIX]5595 Nov. 5 [Rec’d Nov. 6] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Liquidation of Austro-Hungarian Monarchy; organizing of independent states; combating of Bolshevism. 472
4962 Nov. 6 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Reported departure for the west of German delegation to conclude armistice and to open peace negotiations. 474
3473 Nov. 6 From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.) Foreign Office shares U.S. views on armistice with separate Balkan states and settlement of political questions at eventual peace congress. 474
3463 Nov. 6 [Rec’d Nov. 7] From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.) Attitude of Labor Party toward peace. 475
4944 Nov. 6 [Rec’d Nov. 7] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) German press account of constitutional changes in German Government. 476
270 Oct. 10 [Rec’d Nov. 7] From the Consul General at Sofia His journey with Bulgarian officials to the front; armistice with Entente; abdication of the Tsar; evacuation by Germans. 476
15 Nov. 7 To the Special Representative (tel.) Armistice reported signed. Requests confirmation for publication. 480
55 Nov. 7 From the Special Representative (tel.) Armistice not yet signed. 480
6198 Nov. 7 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) False report of signing of armistice causing great excitement. 480

the armistice negotiations with the germans—revolution in germany and abdication of the kaiser—refusal of the american government to negotiate with the soviet government—the armistice with germany, signed november 11

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
58 Nov. 7 From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President Quotes messages between German Government and Foch arranging for reception of German peace plenipotentiaries. 481
4858 Oct. 16 [Rec’d Nov. 8] From the Minister in Switzerland Danger of anarchy in Poland and the Balkans when German troops withdraw; need of Allied force to carry out agreements. 482
62 Nov. 8 From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President Text of Foch’s message announcing arrival of German plenipotentiaries; their formal request for armistice; text delivered to them. 482
[Page L]65 Nov. 8 From the Special Representative (tel.): Auchincloss to Polk Investigation of false report of signing of armistice. 483
1325 Nov. 8 From the Minister in Norway (tel.) Great Britain will refuse to recognize any transfer of German tonnage to Norway pending peace negotiations. 483
1324 Nov. 8 [Rec’d Nov. 9] From the Minister in Norway (tel.) Russian Soviet note offering to negotiate with the United States to secure termination of hostilities. Similar offer to the Allies. 484
5012 Nov. 9 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Report of the Kaiser’s resolve to abdicate and of prospect of new Government in Germany. 484
70 Nov. 9 From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President Return of German delegation to Spa, after preliminary conference with Allies, delayed by German bombardment. 485
5772 Nov. 8 [Rec’d Nov. 9] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Origin of false report of signing of armistice. 485
72 Nov. 9 From the Special Representative (tel.); to the President also Versailles suggested as meeting place for peace conference. 485
5002 Nov. 8 [Rec’d Nov. 9] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Press report of appeal of German Chancellor and others for order and reconstruction of Government. Proclamation of Bavarian Republic. 486
Nov. 9 To the Minister in Norway (tel.) Refusal to negotiate with Bolshevik authorities. 488
74 Nov. 9 From the Special Representative (tel.); to the President also Text of French Foreign Office note on German reluctance to accept terms of armistice. 489
Nov. 9 [Rec’d Nov. 10] From the Consul General at London (tel.) Quotes Prime Minister of Australia as objecting to certain of fourteen points and to settlement of peace terms without consulting Dominions. 490
Nov. 10 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) The Kaiser is reported to have departed for the Netherlands. 491
5017 Nov. 10 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Press reports successful revolution in Germany. Chancellor Ebert’s proclamation regarding reconstruction quoted. 491
86 Nov. 11 From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President Armistice with Germany signed. 492
5026 Nov. 11 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Press reports Germany transformed into a republic after bloodless revolution. Ebert quoted. 492
[Page LI]85 Nov. 11 From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President Quotes Germany’s instructions to its plenipotentiaries to sign armistice, at same time to request modification for purpose of revictualing. 493
96 Nov. 11 [Rec’d Nov. 12] From the Special Representative (tel.) Armistice terms as finally signed same as formerly cabled Department except for changes described. 494

Cooperation of the United States with the Allied Powers in the Administration of Shipping: The Allied Maritime Transport Council

representation of the united states on the allied maritime transport council—first and second meetings of the council, march 11–14, april 23–25—resolution recommending the establishment of program committees, april 25—discussion of the utilization of german ships chartered by france from brazil application of the agreement for equal division of chartered neutral tonnage between great britain and the united states—french representations against this agreement—proposed reapportionment under an allied chartering committee: refusal of the united states to enter into the proposed arrangement

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
3018 Jan. 2 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Inquiry regarding French use of 30 steamers obtained from Brazil. Equal division of tonnage advocated. 498
42 Jan. 11 [Rec’d Jan. 12] From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Great Britain agrees to principle of equal division of chartered neutral tonnage; application to Norwegian ships. 499
3060 Jan. 19 [Rec’d Jan. 21] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Text of Foreign Office note stating reasons why France should not give back any part of Brazilian tonnage. 500
6411 Feb. 1 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Appointment of U.S. representative to inter-Allied shipping council (Allied Maritime Transport Council). 501
Feb. 18 From the British Ambassador on Special Mission Certification against U.S. liability in requisitioning of certain ships by Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corp. 501
Feb. 19 To the British Ambassador on Special Mission U.S. endorsement of agreement of Jan. 30 between Shipping Board and British Treasury on payment for certain requisitioned ships. 502
Feb. 25 The Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy to the Chairman of the War Trade Board British authorization for final settlement in division of Norwegian tonnage between Great Britain and the United States. 503
9060 Mar. 14 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): from Stevens Allied delegates in Maritime Transport Council have agreed upon tonnage dispositions making possible sending of coal to Italy. 504
[Page LII]3322 Mar. 16 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) The United States will withdraw from negotiations with Brazil for German vessels. Instructions to inquire if France will use them in best interests of Allies. 504
3413 Mar. 20 [Rec’d Mar. 21] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) French assurance that Brazilian vessels will be used to meet most urgent transportation needs of the war. 506
9180 Mar. 22 [Rec’d Mar. 23] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Sheldon to W.T.B. French representations for modification of proposed division of chartered neutral tonnage. 506
7201 Apr. 9 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Requests names of representatives on Allied Maritime Transport Council, its functions, and character of subjects it considers. 507
Apr. 10 [Rec’d Apr. 11] From the French High Commissioner Request for U.S. adherence to proposed reapportionment of neutral tonnage by Inter-Allied Chartering Committee. Presidency offered to U.S. representative. 508
9450 Apr. 11 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Membership and purpose of Maritime Transport Council. 509
7261 Apr. 12 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): W. T. B. to Sheldon Tentative plan for equal distribution of Dutch and Norwegian tonnage. 510
7362 Apr. 20 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Hurley to Stevens Refusal of the United States to enter into proposed plan for reallocation of neutral tonnage. 511
3738 Apr. 29,30 [Rec’d Apr. 30, May 1] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): Stevens to the President Recommendations of Maritime Transport Council in second meeting, and general statement of import and tonnage situation. 512
1584 July 25 To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.); the same to the Ambassadors in Great Britain and France Advisable that Japan be represented on Inter-Allied Maritime Transport Council in London. 517
438 July 27 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to repeat to Paris and Rome Appointment of Rublee as co-member with Stevens on Allied Maritime Transport Council. 518
1127 Aug. 31 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) U.S. policy of drastic reduction of imports in order to release tonnage for military purposes. 519
[Page LIII]

third meeting of the allied maritime transport council, august 29–301: difficulties presented by the programs for transportation of american troops and of food-request of the allied governments for the submission of american import programs to general scrutiny—fourth meeting of the allied maritime transport council, september 30—october 2—commitment of the united states by the secretary of war to the submission of its import programs—allocation of additional shipping for american army transport at the expense of european imports

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 31] From the British Ambassador on Special Mission (tel.) Describes tonnage difficulties and requests presence of U.S. specialists in consultation at London. 520
1525 Aug. 31 [Rec’d Sept. 2] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Stevens and Rublee to Hurley Reports third meeting of Maritime Transport Council. Observations on import program and 80-division plan. 521
1619 Sept. 2 [Rec’d Sept. 3] From the French Ambassador Joins in British request that U.S. delegates be sent to London to assist in early settlement of tonnage question. 523
1619 Sept. 4 [Rec’d Sept. 5] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Sheldon to W.T.B. Allies’ request for submission of American import programs for general scrutiny. 524
18840/C–1 Sept. 6 From the Italian Ambassador Italy supports British position regarding the U.S. request for cargo tonnage. 525
1710 Sept. 7 [Rec’d Sept. 8] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Shipping Mission’s report on decisions reached by Maritime Transport Council, Aug. 29 and 30, on food program, tonnage, etc. 525
2425 Oct. 26 To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.): Baker to Reading A.E.F. needs stated and maximum assignment of tonnage requested. 528
2445 Oct. 26 To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.): W.T.B. to Sheldon Notification of transfer to British control, by Shipping Board, of Norwegian sailing vessels off coast of South America. 529
2533 Oct. 31 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): W.T.B. to Sheldon Proposed arrangement between Great Britain and the United States for supplying coal to South America. 529
3256 Oct. 31 [Rec’d Nov. 1] From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.): Sheldon to W.T.B. Quotes telegram to Baker on inadequacy of U.S. import restrictions; also quotes Baker’s commitment of the United States to participation in program committees. 532
2689 Nov. 7 To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.): W.T.B. to Sheldon British obligation under agreement to supply River Plate district with coal. 534
2706 Nov. 8 To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.): W.T.B. to Sheldon Situation with regard to import restrictions and position of W.T.B. in relation thereto will be explained. 534
[Page LIV]

Cooperation of the United States with the Allied Powers in the Supply and Distribution of Food: The Food Council

american measures to meet the allies’ need of wheat—efforts of the food administration to secure acceptance by the allies of increased shipments of pork products

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Jan. 1 The Food Administrator to the F.A. Representative at London (tel.) Quotes his letter to Robson: Estimate of Canada’s wheat export surplus; further advance from the United States to be replaced by Canada if needed. 535
Jan. 14 The Food Administrator to the F.A. Representative at London (tel.) Measures to secure wheat for the Allies. 536
103 Jan. 17 The F.A. Representative at London to the Food Administrator (tel.) Text of British Food Controller’s note on imperative need of Allies for wheat. 536
Jan. 23 The Food Administrator to the F.A. Representative at London (tel.) Message for British Food Controller promising greater endeavor to conserve wheat for export. 536
Feb. 22 British and Italian Ambassadors and French High Commissioner to Food Administrator Arrangements for carrying meat products to seaboard. Appeal for sufficient grain from reserves to load full cargoes. 537
Feb. 26 The Food Administrator to the British Ambassador on Special Mission Arrangements for shipments of wheat and corn involving shortage in the United States. 538
Mar. 2 The Food Administrator to the F.A. Representative at London (tel.) Text of his letter to Reading proposing Allied purchase of U.S. surplus pork products; instruction to present to Food Controller. 539
Mar. 4 The British Ambassador on Special Mission to the Food Administrator Efforts to give large order for pork. Alarm shown at U.S. shortage of breadstuffs. 540
Mar. 5 The Food Administrator to the F.A. Representative at London (tel.) Crisis in prices of livestock; increased consumption permitted; definite program of Allied requirements needed. 541
Mar. 21 The Food Administrator to the British Ambassador on Special Mission Figures showing grain export including an advance which was to be liquidated by Canadian wheat. 541
78 Mar. 28 The Food Administrator to the F.A. Representative at London (tel.) Measures adopted for conservation of wheat. 544
Mar. 29 The Food Administrator to the British Food Controller (tel.) Five hundred leading hotels resolve to abolish use of wheat products until next harvest. 544
[Page LV]139 Mar. 30 The F. A. Representative at London to the Food Administrator (tel.) British Food Controller sends message of appreciation of U.S. conservation of wheat. 545
Mar. 30 The British Ambassador on Special Mission to the Food Administrator Misunderstanding regarding wheat export figures and replacement from Canada. Further discussion proposed. 545
Apr. 3 The Food Administrator to the British Ambassador on Special Mission Reaffirmation of attitude regarding Canadian replacements of wheat exported for the Allies. 547
Apr. 16 The British Ambassador on Special Mission to the Food Administrator Wheat Executive agrees to allocation of Canadian wheat to the United States as final settlement. 549
Apr. 24 The Food Administrator to the British Ambassador on Special Mission Attention is called to fact that allocation of Canadian wheat is for month of May and not final settlement. 549
89 May 4 The Food Administrator to the F.A. Representative at London (tel.) Message for British Food Controller: Improved outlook for future flour shipments. 550
160 May 8 The F.A. Representative at London to the Food Administrator (tel.) British Food Controller offers congratulations on success of wheat export. 550
May 8 The Food Administrator to the F.A. Representative at London (tel.) Instructions to secure program of monthly requirement of pork products imports into England during summer months. 550

mission of the food administrator to Europe—conference of food controllers at london: resolution of july 29, providing for an interallied food council, committee of representatives, executives, and program committees

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
May 20 The Food Administrator to the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Program for next year’s food supplies to Allies can be discussed when mission goes to Europe. 551
168 May 20 The F.A. Representative at London to the Food Administrator (tel.) Report on British meat situation and prospects for increased pork orders. 551
95 May 22 The Food Administrator to the F.A. Representative at London (tel.) Estimate of supplies of beef and pork available for export to Allies in summer and fall. 553
176 June 1 The F.A. Representative at London to the Food Administrator (tel.) Questions of securing tonnage and of financing meat exports. Inquiry regarding lard. 555
[Page LVI] June 4 The Food Administrator to the F.A. Representative at London (tel.) British pork program to be discussed when mission goes to London. Reply to inquiry regarding lard. 555
June 12 The British Ambassador on Special Mission to the Food Administrator Invitation to be guest of British Government while on visit to England. 556
June 14 The Food Administrator to the British Ambassador on Special Mission Mission to coordinate problems of production, transportation, and supply. Invitation to be guest of Great Britain accepted. 556
229 July 27 [Rec’d July 28] The F.A. Secretary to the Acting Food Administrator (tel.) Resolution of Food Controllers of Associated Powers for economy and elimination of waste in foodstuffs. Publicity requested. 556
July 29 Resolutions of U.S. and Allied Food Controllers Formation of Inter-Allied Food Council, Committee of Representatives, executives and committees for coordination of food programs. 557

Cooperation of the United States with the Allied Powers in the Distribution of Industrial Raw Materials and Products: The Munitions Council, the Executives and Program Committees

british-american tank agreement, january 22—participation of the united states in the inter-allied metals conference—consideration of the formation of a munitions council—plans for a system of program committees; recommendations that the united states be represented on them—american proposal for a tin executive

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
3082 Jan. 23 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) U.S. representation at a metals conference in Paris is requested. 559
3148 Feb. 6 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Instruction to request Pershing to assign one of his staff to attend metals conference. 559
6557 Feb. 13 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to repeat to Rome and Paris War Department quoted as agreeing to cooperate in measures adopted by munitions committee of inter-Allied conference of Nov. 1917 in Paris. 559
8076 Jan. 22 [Rec’d Feb. 23] From the Ambassador in Great Britain Forwards original signed agreement between the United States and Great Britain for joint manufacture of tanks. 560
3530 Apr. 5 [Rec’d Apr. 6] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): McFadden to W.T.B. Permanent Inter-Allied Metal Committee; its functions. Approval of his connection therewith requested. 562
3621 Apr. 15 [Rec’d Apr. 16] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): McFadden to W.T.B. Metal Conference urges U.S. cooperation in control of wolfram. 563
[Page LVII]3609 Apr. 19 To the Ambassador in France (tel.); mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassador in Great Britain Necessity for direct negotiations with British and French representatives for control of tin, tungsten, and other raw materials. 564
3692 Apr. 24 To the Ambassador in France (tel.): W.T.B. to McFadden Authorization to act as representative of W.T.B. upon Metals Committee on questions relating to import and export licensing only. 564
Apr. 27 [Rec’d Apr. 29] From the French Ambassador Proposed formation of a munitions council. U.S. representation desired. 565
9877 May 6 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Stevens to the President Information on Allied executives or program committees. U.S. representation thereon recommended. 566
3874 May 13 From the Ambassador in France (tel.): McFadden to W.T.B. French Minister of Munitions proposes sending mission to Washington to discuss all subjects relating to munitions. 568
3875 May 13 [Rec’d May 14] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): Cravath to Crosby Recommends U.S. representation on proposed inter-Allied munitions council. 569
3902 May 15 [Rec’d May 16] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): McFadden to W.T.B. Inter-Allied Metal Conference discusses distribution of wolfram and approves of conference at Washington on non-ferrous metals and alloys. 569
7911 May 23 To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.): Crosby to Cravath Consideration of request for U.S. representation at proposed munitions council. 571
7942 May 25 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Woolley to Sheldon War Industries Board quoted on negotiations for procurement and distribution of tin. 571
10246 May 25 From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.): Stevens to Hurley, McAdoo, etc. Functions of proposed program committees. U.S. representation on each committee urged. 572
10248 May 26 From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.): Cravath to Crosby and Leffingwell Inter-Allied program-making committees for every important class of purchases and imports approved by Great Britain. 574
4009 May 28 From the Ambassador in France (tel.): McFadden to W.T.B. Inter-Allied Munitions Council definitely decided upon; its composition, functions, and general activities. Pichon quoted. 575
10357 May 31 From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.): Cravath to Crosby Desirability of U.S. representation at first meeting of Munitions Council. 577
4292 May 31 To the Ambassador in France (tel.): Woolley to McFadden Direct negotiations approved in dealing with tungsten and other raw materials. 578
[Page LVIII]10373 May 31 From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.). Sheldon to W.T.B. Great Britain unwilling to relinquish control of tin or to grant any but general powers to conclude agreement in Washington. 579
4074 June 4 [Rec’d June 5] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): McFadden to W.T.B. France and Great Britain insist that permanent council dealing with munitions remain in Paris. U.S. representation urged. 580

formation of the inter-allied munitions council, june 4–discussion of american representation on the munitions council and the program committees—american efforts to conduct the negotiations in the united states

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
4084 June 4 [Rec’d June 5] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): McFadden to W.T.B. Reports having unofficially attended formal meeting of Munitions Council. 581
June 5 To the French Ambassador Proposed mission to Washington to discuss all subjects relating to munitions will supersede original plan. 581
4113 June 6 From the Ambassador in France (tel.): McFadden to W.T.B. Inter-Allied Metal Conference to be permanent subcommittee of Munitions Council which will sit in London or Paris. 582
4130 June 8 [Rec’d June 9] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): McFadden to W.T.B. Memorandum of Munitions Council calling attention to points regarding supply of munitions and urging U.S. representation on Council. 583
4127 June 8 [Rec’d June 9] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): McFadden to W.T.B. Organization and functions of Inter-Allied Munitions Council. 584
10583 June 12 [Rec’d June 13] From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.) Report from Stevens, Sheldon, and Cravath listing Allied program committees, their powers, personnel, etc., and urging U.S. representation thereon. 587
4525 June 13 To the Ambassador in France (tel.): Woolley to McFadden Draft of plan for inter-Allied control of tin, which was submitted direct to France. No reply received. 591
8410 June 24 To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.): W.T.B. to Sheldon American representation on various program committees is receiving consideration. 593
10836 June 24 From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.): Sheldon to W.T.B. Suggests that W.T.B., London, could render assistance on program committees until War Industries Board is properly represented. 593
[Page LIX]1 July 1 From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.): Sheldon to W.T.B. Cases cited of lack of inter-Allied coordination. Presence of officials of War Industries Board in London or Paris necessary. 594
32 July 3 To the Chargé in Great Britain(tel.): Woolley to Sheldon Statements to prove that War Industries Board has not caused delay in establishing executive committees in London or Paris. 595

american memorandum on coordination of programs, july 12–appointment of an american representative on the munitions council-mission of the war industries board to europe—american participation in the meeting of the munitions council, august 14—formation of the tin executive—requests for the submission of american programs to the committees

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
184 July 12 To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.): W.T.B. to Sheldon Proposed plan for formulation and execution of coordinated programs by Associated Governments. 597
July 16 To the British Ambassador on Special Mission; mutatis mutandis, to the French and Italian Ambassadors Transmits memorandum of the Secretary of War, July 11, on American participation in meetings of Munitions Council. Comments. 599
5175 Aug. 1 To the Ambassador in France (tel.); to repeat to the Ambassador in Great Britain Mission of the War Industries Board to Europe. 600
4784 Aug. 15 [Rec’d Aug. 16] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): Summers to Baruch Report on meetings of Munitions Council. 600
1451 Aug. 28 [Rec’d Aug. 29] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Summers to Baruch Text of formal agreement for control of tin, signed by Great Britain. 601
1514 Aug. 31 [Rec’d Sept. 1] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Summers to Baruch Coordination of transportation programs. 604
1571 Sept. 3 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Summers to Baruch French and Italian representatives have signed inter-Allied tin agreement. 604
5021 Sept. 10 From the Ambassador in France (tel.): Summers to Baruch Reports activities of Munitions Council. Possible withdrawal of the War Department from active participation. 605
1809 Sept. 11 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Summers to Baruch Report on activities of the Maritime Transport Council. 606
[Page LX]5054 Sept. 12 [Rec’d Sept. 13] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): Summers to Baruch Indications that War Department will submit program to Munitions Council. Perfection of organization of program committees needed. 606
1853 Sept. 13 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Summers to Baruch Maritime Council requests submission to committees of U.S. statement of necessary imports, including certain stocks on hand, etc. 607
5159 Sept. 22 [Rec’d Sept.23] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): Summers to Baruch Program for shells will be reduced; increase in railway construction necessary. 607
1693 Sept. 28 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Baruch to Summers No statistics on domestic stocks will be submitted to program committees. 608
5224 Sept. 28 [Rec’d Sept.29] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): Summers to Baruch Importance of shipment of rails to Pershing, France, Italy and Belgium. Measures necessary for supplying shell steel. 608
2338 Sept. 30 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Summers to Baruch Urges that data be submitted to program committees; opposes compensation to British for handling Australian wool. 608
5248 Sept. 30 [Rec’d Oct. 1] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): Summers to Baruch Resolutions of Munitions Council regarding steel requirements. 609
2369 Oct. 1 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Summers to Baruch and Legge Position taken in regard to submitting data to program committees may have to be changed. 610

engagement to disclose american programs, made by the secretary of war, october 2–discussion of post-war economic cooperation; refusal of the american government to commit itself

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
2404 Oct. 2 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Summers to Baruch Secretary of War’s commitment of the United States to disclose its programs to Maritime Transport Council. 610
2684 Oct. 10 From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.): Summers to Baruch, Legge, etc. Attitude of British Raw Materials Department regarding leather, wool, and flax. 611
Oct. 15 From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Observations on British policy in relation to post-war economic problems. 612
Oct. 23 [Rec’d Oct. 25] From the Counselor of the Japanese Embassy Member of the Japanese Embassy at London detailed to act with the inter-Allied tin committee. 614
5639 Oct. 30 [Rec’d Nov. 1] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): Cotton to Hoover Post-war plan to place enemy tonnage under Allied Maritime Transport Council and food supplies under Food Council. 615
[Page LXI]20 Nov. 8 To the Special Representative (tel.) Text of Hoover’s refusal of U.S. consent to proposed Allied post-war economic control, as transmitted to the Embassy at London. 616

Cooperation of the United States with the Allied Powers in the Distribution of Oil and Oil-well Equipment

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
550 May 21 [Rec’d May 23] From the British Ambassador on Special Mission Consideration of political and economic features in distribution of mineral-oil products from Eastern sources. 617
Aug. 21 [Rec’d Aug. 23] From the British Embassy Solicits U.S. cooperation in distribution of oil and in supplying of oil-well equipment to Eastern companies. 619
1113 Aug. 31 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): W.T.B. to Sheldon Inquires whether the British Government controls the Royal Dutch Shell Co. 621
2013 Sept. 18 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Text of Foreign Office note stating Royal Dutch Shell group is not controlled by the British Government. 621
1608 Sept. 25 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): W.T.B. to Sheldon Will permit exportation of supplies required to increase production of petroleum. 622
2265 Sept. 27 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Sheldon to W.T.B. Recommends granting of licenses for exportation of oil-well supplies. 623
1803 Oct. 4 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): W.T.B. to Sheldon Licenses will be granted for export of oil-well supplies where needed to continue production. 623
305 Nov. 7 To the British Chargé Steps taken to provide supplies for operation of oil fields in the East and Trinidad. 624

The Far East in Relation to the War

discussion of the transportation of chinese troops to europe—negotiations regarding the purchase of ships from japanese builders and the export of steel to japan—negotiations for the chartering of japanese ships—arrangements regarding the deportation to Australia of german subjects in china-assurances to china regarding treatment at the peace conference

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Jan. 6 [Rec’d Jan. 7] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): Crosby to McAdoo Question of transportation of Chinese troops to war zone discussed by France and Great Britain. 624
[Page LXII] Jan. 10 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) Inquiry regarding report that Japan has replaced military with civil administration in South Sea islands. 625
3055 Jan. 11 To the Ambassador in France (tel.): McAdoo to Crosby Instructions to urge concurrence of French and British Governments regarding Chinese cooperation in the war. 625
Jan. 15 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); from Crosby to McAdoo also U.S. proposal on Chinese question is adopted in principle by Great Britain. 625
365/C–1 Jan. 14 [Rec’d Jan. 16] From the Italian Ambassador His Government has been informed of U.S. desire to negotiate alone for Japanese tonnage. 626
8298 Jan. 18 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): from Crosby to McAdoo also France assents in principle to movement of Chinese troops to war zone. 626
Jan. 20 [Rec’d Jan. 21] From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) No transfer of South Sea islands from military to civil administration effected or contemplated by Japan. 627
Jan. 21 [Rec’d Jan. 22] From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy British memorandum of Aug. 24, 1917, regarding U.S. acquisition and employment of Japanese tonnage. 627
Jan. 30 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) Negotiations regarding purchase of ships from Japanese builders and export of steel to Japan. 627
Feb. 9 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) Terms of American proposal to charter Japanese tonnage. 628
Feb. 10 [Rec’d Feb. 11] From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) Pursuant to investigation of shipping conditions in Japan, offers recommendations regarding U.S. purchases. 629
Feb. 11 To the Minister in China (tel.) U.S. guaranty to China against enemy demands as result of deportation of enemy subjects, and assurance of consideration at peace conference. 630
Feb. 14 To the British Embassy; similar note to the French Embassy Assurances such as Great Britain requests for China have been given in independent note to China. 631
Feb. 20 From the Minister in China (tel.) British suggestion that expense of enemy deportation from China be shared by the United States. 632
Feb. 21 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) Instructions for further negotiations to purchase Japanese ships. 632
Feb. 25 Department memorandum French and British attitude toward Chinese military expedition to western front. 633
[Page LXIII]209 Feb. 23 [Rec’d Feb. 26] From the British Embassy Estimated cost of deportation from China and internment of enemy subjects; U.S. share of expense. 634
Feb. 27 To the British Embassy; similar note to the French Embassy Further recommendation of assurance to China of consideration at peace conference. 635
Feb. 28 [Rec’d Mar. 1] From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) Summary of Japanese reply to U.S. request for ships. 636
Mar. 2 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) Acceptance of Japan’s charter proposal. 637
Mar. 11 To the Minister in China (tel.) Great Britain will be informed of U.S. willingness to share expense of enemy deportations from China. 637
Mar. 15 [Rec’d Mar. 16] From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.): to McCormick Further negotiations with Japanese shipbuilders reported. Recommendations for purchase. 638
Mar. 20 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) Final offer to buy 12 ships from Japan. Authorization to arrange for new construction. 639
Mar. 26 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) Shipbuilders accept U.S. offer to purchase 12 ships. 641
Mar. 30 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) Authorization to execute contract for purchase of 12 Japanese ships. 642

purchase by the united states shipping board of 12 japanese ships—abandonment of the project of sending chinese troops to europe—charter by the united states shipping board of 23 japanese ships—conclusion of contracts for the construction of 35 ships in japan—abandonment of the project of deporting german subjects to australia—discussion with the allied governments regarding the chartering of-additional japanese tonnage

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
13 Apr. 3 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.): to McCormick Contracts closed for purchase of additional Japanese ships. 642
Apr. 4 [Rec’d Apr. 5] From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) Japanese offer other ships now building and contracts for future delivery. 643
Apr. 12 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) Accepts offer of certain ships now building and authorizes contract for 32 for future delivery. 644
Apr. 12 [Rec’d Apr. 18] From the French Ambassador Impossible to procure tonnage required for transportation of Chinese troops to France. 644
13 Apr. 27 [Rec’d Apr. 28] From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) Arrangements for delivery of chartered ships to the United States. 645
[Page LXIV]16 Apr. 28 [27?] [Rec’d Apr. 28] From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) Terms of contracts for construction of 35 ships in Japan. 645
Apr. 29 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) Recapitulation of negotiations for shipbuilding in Japan, and new proposals. 646
Undated [Rec’d Apr. 30] From the Japanese Foreign Minister (tel.) Assurances of cooperation in a common cause. 646
May 1 To the Japanese Foreign Minister (tel.) Japan’s spirit of friendship and helpfulness is reciprocated by the United States. 647
7679 May 10 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): W.T.B. to Sheldon U.S. claim for exclusive right to negotiate with Japan for ships. 647
May 11 Representative of British Ministry of Shipping to Chairman of W.T.B. British desire to negotiate with Japan for tonnage, in view of reported completion of U.S. plans. 648
May 20 [Rec’d May 22] From the Swiss Minister Transmits German message threatening reprisals in case of deportation of German subjects from China. 648
May 28 Chairman of W.T.B. to Representative of British Ministry of Shipping The United States occupies the strongest position for conducting negotiations with Japan. 649
106 May 29 To the British Ambassador on Special Mission Invites British suggestions relative to German threats of reprisal. 649
600 May 31 [Rec’d June 1] From the British Ambassador on Special Mission Appeal of the Vatican and Spain against deportation of enemy subjects from China. Proposed reply. 650
599 May 31 [Rec’d June 1] From the British Ambassador on Special Mission Inquires U.S. attitude toward German threat of reprisal in event of enemy deportation from China. 651
638 June 10 [Rec’d June 11] From the British Ambassador on Special Mission Reexamination of question of transporting enemy subjects from China to Australia. 652
June 12 [Rec’d June 13] From the Minister in China (tel.) Repatriation of German leaders in China suggested as means of discouraging intrigue. 652
June 17 To the Minister in China (tel.) Unless Great Britain and France join in assurances to China regarding peace conference, the United States may withdraw assurances. 653
June 20 [Rec’d June 21] From the Minister in China (tel.) Allies have concurred in promise to render effective support to China at peace conference. 653
[Page LXV]147 July 6 To the British Ambassador on Special Mission Further consideration of deportation of enemy subjects from China is deferred until after decision is reached by Allies. 654
July 6 To the Chargé in China (tel.) Subject of repatriation of enemy subjects now in China would have consideration if proposed by China or Allied Governments. 654
July 11 [Rec’d July 12] From the Chargé in China (tel.) Chinese proposals for internment of most dangerous of enemy subjects and for passport control. 655
6566/C–1 July 11 [Rec’d July 13] From the Italian Ambassador Italy inquires U.S. policy regarding distribution of Japanese tonnage, desiring to secure transportation for its imports. 656
Aug. 1 To the Chargé in China (tel.) Instructions to agree to proposed internment of enemy subjects in China. 656
Aug. 2 To the Italian Ambassador Reply to Italian request for Japanese tonnage. 657
Aug. 3 From the Chargé in China (tel.) Acceptance of proposed plan of internment and passport control has been conveyed to Foreign Office. 657
Aug. 12 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.); from W.T.B. American requirements for steel preclude further contracts with Japan. 658
S–173 Aug. 13 Representative of British Ministry of Shipping to Chairman of W.T.B. British desire to charter available Japanese tonnage. Enclosure: His letter to Chairman of Shipping Board on subject. 658
Aug. 26 Chairman of W.T.B. to Representative of British Ministry of Shipping Problem of complete utilization of tonnage in the Pacific will be considered. 660
S 173 Aug. 31 Representative of British Ministry of Shipping to Chairman of W.T.B. No action will be taken regarding chartering of Japanese ships pending a joint decision. 660
Oct. 31 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) Requests summary of former Prime Minister Okuma’s views on peace terms and copies of Ozaki’s book on democracy. 660
Nov. 3 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) Former Prime Minister Okuma’s views on peace terms. 661
[Page LXVI]

arrangements for the cooperation of brazilian naval forces with those of the united states at gibraltar-abandonment of the argentine plan for a congress of neutral states—project of an economic agreement between argentina and the allied and associated powers’. attitude of the united states-negotiations for the chartering of german ships in uruguayan and peruvian ports

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Jan. 15 [Rec’d Jan. 16] From the Minister in Haiti (tel.) Haiti will postpone declaration of war until a constitution has been adopted. 661
Jan. 18 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Text of Chile’s reply to notice of U.S. declaration of war against Austria. 662
Jan. 25 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.) Mexican mission received by the President of Argentina. 662
Jan. 26 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.) Cooperation of Brazilian naval forces with U.S. forces at Gibraltar. 662
Jan. 29 To the Chargé in Uruguay (tel.) Emergency Fleet Corporation bid for charter of German ships interned in Uruguay, and U.S. endorsement. 663
Feb. 5 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.) Visits by members of Mexican mission to various South American countries. 665
759 Feb. 9 From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.) Congress of neutral nations will probably not be held. 665
Feb. 12 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.) British message of Feb. 5 to the British Minister at Rio: Brazilian forces will operate conjointly with U.S. and British at Gibraltar. 665
Feb. 14 To the Peruvian Minister Terms of proposed agreement for U.S. utilization of ex-German ships in Peruvian ports. 666
Feb. 16 To the Chargé in Uruguay (tel.) Modification of bid of Emergency Fleet Corporation to meet legal requirements of Uruguay. 667
Feb. 22 [Rec’d Feb. 23] From the Chargé in Uruguay (tel.) Uruguay accepts bid of Emergency Fleet Corporation and suggests points for agreement. 668
Feb. 25 To the Chargé in Uruguay (tel.) Provisions of proposed agreement on German ships, as modified to meet Uruguayan legal requirements; text to be read to Foreign Minister. 669
119 Feb. 26 To the Uruguayan Minister Undertakings of the U.S. Government in connection with bid of Emergency Fleet Corporation for ex-German ships. 670
Feb. 26 [Rec’d Feb.27] From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.): Robbins to Stabler Informal proposal of an economic agreement between Argentina and the Associated Powers. 671
Mar. 1 T the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.): Stabler to Robbins Requests fuller explanation of proposed economic agreement with Argentina. 672
[Page LXVII] Mar. 2 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.): Robbins to Stabler Official views as to methods by which commercial and economic ties with Argentina may be strengthened. 673
Mar. 4 To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.): Stabler to Robbins Any Argentine proposals for closer relations will receive consideration. 673
Undated [Rec’d Mar. 5] From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.) Argentina friendly toward the United. States yet averse to rupture with Germany. 674
Mar. 6 From the Minister in Cuba (tel.) Inquires possibility of U.S. operation of ships interned in Cuban waters. 674
Mar. 7 To the Peruvian Legation Modification of terms of proposal for utilization of ex-German ships in Peruvian ports. 675
Mar. 12 To the Uruguayan Minister Observations on points which Uruguay desires incorporated in contract for charter of ex-German ships. 676
Mar. 12 To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.) U.S. lead in conducting negotiations with Argentina for use of ex-German ships. 677
Mar. 13 From the Minister in Cuba (tel.) Submits for approval of Shipping Board proposed Cuban decree making seized ships national public vessels. 677
Mar. 21 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.) The United States will have prior right of purchase of ex-German ships, in case of sale. 678
Mar. 26 [Rec’d Mar.27] From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.) Draft of proposed Argentine economic agreement with the Associated Powers. 678
Mar. 27 To the Minister in Cuba (tel.) Decree placing interned ships under Cuban flag approved by Shipping Board. 680
Apr. 2 [Rec’d Apr. 3] From the Chargé in Paraguay (tel.) Quotes the President of Paraguay advocating solidarity of policy of the Americas. 680
Apr. 4 To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.) Consideration is being given Argentine proposal for economic agreement. 681
Apr. 10 From the Minister in Cuba (tel.) Ex-German ships placed under Cuban flag. Cuban cooperation with Shipping Board authorized. 682
Apr. 10 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.) Detention of Uruguayan military mission by German submarine. Change in Argentine attitude possible. 682
Apr. 11 Department memorandum Guatemala is considering declaration of war against Germany. Guatemalan Assembly has authorized contract for loan. 682
Apr. 12 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.) Uruguayan representations to Germany and refusal to consider arbitration as to detained Uruguayan mission. 683
[Page LXVIII] Apr. 15 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.) Restriction of trade with Brazil in order to divert tonnage to convey troops and munitions to France. 683

declaration of a state of war with germany by guatemala, april 21, nicaragua, may 8, and costa rica, may 23–conclusion of the contract for the chartering of german ships in uruguayan ports, may 24–renewal of discussions with peru regarding german ships-arrangements for a conference at washington on the situation of brazil—arrangements for naval cooperation with cuba

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Apr. 21 [Rec’d Apr. 24] From the Guatemalan Minister Text of Guatemalan note announcing decree of belligerency toward Germany. 685
9684 Apr. 24 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British mission sent to South America. 685
107 Apr. 27 To the Guatemalan Minister Expression of gratification at Guatemalan declaration of war against Germany. 686
560 Apr. 12 [Rec’d May 8] From the Ambassador in Argentina Readiness of Argentina to join in defense of the Plate basin in case of German aggression. 686
May 8 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.) Text of Nicaraguan declaration of a state of war with Germany and Austria-Hungary. 687
May 10 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.) Reply to Haiti’s request for advice regarding declaration of war against Germany. 688
May 16 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.) Germany adopts conciliatory attitude toward Uruguay. 689
7761 May 16 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Inquires nature of British mission to South America. 689
May 16 [Rec’d May 17] From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.) Honduras is in need of advice regarding its war policy. 689
10106 May 17 [Rec’d May 18] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Press report of objects of British mission to South America. 690
May 18 [Rec’d May 19] From the Minister in Haiti (tel.) Haiti will declare war after adoption of a constitution. 690
May 21 From the Minister in Cuba (tel.) Recall of Mexican diplomatic representative in Cuba. 691
May 23 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.) Naón appointed Argentine financial commissioner in the United States. 691
May 24 From the Chargé in Costa Rica (tel.) Declaration by Costa Rica, May 23, of a state of war with Germany. 692
May 24 From the Chargé in Uruguay (tel.) Charter contract for ex-German ships signed and delivered to Uruguayan Congress for action. 692
[Page LXIX] June 12 From the Chargé in Uruguay (tel.) Legislative approval of contract for charter of German ships in Uruguayan ports. 692n
May 25 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.) Text of President Wilson’s message of appreciation of war declaration by Nicaragua. 692
May 25 To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.) Observations and authoritative references to be used in pointing out to Honduras advantages of entering the war. 693
1105 May 24 [Rec’d May 25] From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.) Foreign Minister states reasons for suspending diplomatic relations with Cuba. 694
May 27 To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.) Deplores destruction by Germans of Prinz August Wilhelm in Colombian waters; points out U.S. interest in protection of Mecklenburg. 695
May 27 [Rec’d May 29] From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.) Attitude of Honduras toward the war. 695
A–1967 May 29 From the Mexican Ambassador States that diplomatic relations between Mexico and Cuba have not been severed. 696
May 29 To the Chargé in Peru (tel.) Note for Foreign Minister: Argument in favor of use of German ships in Peruvian ports; U.S. guaranty offered. 696
7992 May 29 To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.); the same to the Ambassador in France; mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassador in Italy Necessity for British and French cooperation with U.S. policy in conducting negotiations with Brazil; reasons. 697
June 3 [Rec’d June 4] From the Chargé in Peru (tel.) Text of Peru’s reply agreeing to utilization of German ships in its ports. 699
June 4 From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.) Brazilian representations in regard to restrictions on export of coffee, rubber, etc. 700
June 5 From the French High Commissioner France favors inter-Allied committee at Washington for coordination of purchases in Brazil. 701
June 5 From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.) Great Britain is in accord with U.S. policy in negotiating with Brazil. 702
June 8 To the diplomatic representatives in Central and South America (tel.) Public statement regarding extent of submarine activity off American coast. 702
June 10 To the Cuban Minister Statement of the Secretary of the Navy on antisubmarine operations. Cuban cooperation requested. 702
June 15 From the Cuban Minister Cuban cooperation in antisubmarine activities assured. Ordnance requested. 703
[Page LXX] June 19 To the Chargé in Peru (tel.) Negotiations for interned ships will continue at Lima. Precautions urged to prevent their destruction by German crews. 704
1763 June 24 [Rec’d June 25] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italy will act in harmony with Allies regarding negotiations with Brazil. 705
June 27 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.) Note to Brazil suggesting representation at conference of Associated Powers at Washington to consider protection of Brazilian interests. 705
July 2 To the Cuban Minister Reply to Cuba’s request for ordnance. 707
July 8 [Rec’d July 9] From the Brazilian Ambassador Authorization to meet representatives of Associated Powers in conference on Brazil’s economic interests. 708

declaration of a state of war with germany by haiti, july 12, and by honduras, july 19–adjustment of difficulties with chile regarding oil shipments—discussion of the chartering of german ships in chilean and argentine ports—revival of the project of an economic agreement with argentina—conclusion of the contract for the chartering of german ships in peruvian ports, september 6—the washington conference regarding brazilian affairs: discussion of measures affecting the coffee trade and of the disposition of german ships remaining in brazilian ports-project for a cuban expeditionary force to europe

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
July 15 From the Haitian Minister Declaration by Haiti of a state of war with Germany. 708
July 17 To the Haitian Minister Appreciation of Haiti’s association with the United States in the war against Germany. 709
Undated [Rec’d July 18] From the Chilean Embassy Chilean representations regarding interruption of oil shipments from the United States. 709
July 19 [Rec’d July 20] From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.) Text of Honduran decree declaring a state of war with Germany. 710
July 23 To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.) Satisfaction expressed at Honduran declaration of war against Germany. 711
763 July 25 From the Chilean Chargé Texts of Chilean telegrams announcing adjustment of petroleum difficulties and requesting resumption of normal exportation. 711
81 July 27 To the Chilean Chargé Granting of licenses for exportation of petroleum to Chile has been resumed. 712
Aug. 3 To the Chargé in Peru (tel.) Instructions regarding negotiations for lease of ex-German ships from Peru. 714
Aug. 5 [Rec’d Aug. 6] From the Chargé in Peru (tel.); from Gardner Terms of contract with Peru for use of ex-German ships. 714
[Page LXXI] Aug. 9 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Chile is willing to negotiate with Embassy on matter of seizing ships and breaking relations with Germany. 715
Aug. 12 To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) U.S. desire to contract with Chile for use of ex-German ships. 716
Aug. 26 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Measures suggested to hasten action by Chile for utilization of German ships. 716
Aug. 27 To the Peruvian Minister U.S. responsibility in event of international claim arising from use of German ships in Peruvian waters. 716
Aug. 28 To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Inquires what provisions Chile can make for its trade when U.S. tonnage is deflected to war zone for spring offensive. 717
891 Aug. 27 [Rec’d Aug. 29] From the Chilean Chargé Favorable settlement of difficulties arising from embargo on certain petroleum stored in Chile. 717
Sept. 7 From the Minister in Peru (tel.) Conclusion of contract with Peru for chartering of German ships. 718
Sept. 9 To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Suggestion of utilizing German ships in commerce between Chile and the United States. 718
Sept. 12 [Rec’d Sept. 13] From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Chile is considering acquisition of German ships. 719
Sept. 13 [Rec’d Sept. 14] From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.) Statement of coffee situation in Brazil and suggestion of relief measures. 719
Sept. 16 From the Chargé in in Colombia (tel.) Requisition of United Fruit Company’s vessels would cause serious complications in Colombia. 720
Sept. 20 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.) Program set up for control of Allied food imports by Inter-Allied Food Council. Measures taken to protect Brazilian coffee trade. 720
196 Sept. 19 [Rec’d Sept. 21] From the Cuban Minister Cuba proposes to send expeditionary force to Europe. Requests U.S. advice and cooperation. 722
280 Sept. 23 To the Cuban Minister Cuba holds important strategic position and can best aid Allies by defense of its own coast. 725
Sept. 24 [Rec’d Sept. 25] From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.) Favors plan suggested to establish credit for Brazilian Government’s purchase of coffee to stabilize financial situation. 726
Sept. 24 [Rec’d Sept. 25] From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Suggests restriction of oil trade with Chile and withdrawal of shipping. 726
[Page LXXII] Sept. 26 To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Public statement that the Santa Ana will be withdrawn from Chilean service. 727
Sept. 26 [Rec’d Sept. 27] From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Chilean naval crews ordered to take possession of German interned ships. 727
Sept. 28 To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.) Reply to Colombian representations regarding requisition of United Fruit Company’s vessels. 727
Sept. 30 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.) The United States looks with disfavor upon French negotiations for German ships interned in Brazil. 727
Sept. 30 To the Chargé in Argentina (tel.) Inquires what provision Argentina can make for its commerce when U.S. tonnage is deflected to war zone for spring offensive. 728
Oct. 1 From the Chargé in Argentina (tel.) Argentina’s prospects for taking care of its trade with the United States. 729
Oct. 2 [Rec’d Oct. 3] From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.) France has made no propositions to Brazil for use of remaining German ships. 729
Oct. 4 To the Argentine Ambassador Reply to Argentine proposal of commercial agreement with the United States. 730
Oct. 7 [Rec’d Oct. 8] From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.) Brazil’s reply to Austro-Hungarian note proposing peace negotiations. 733
Oct. 8 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.) Deliberations on Brazilian commerce at Washington conference. Control of coffee. 734
Oct. 9 [Rec’d Oct. 10] From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.) Brazil’s request for delay in announcing measures for control of coffee. 736
Oct. 10 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.) Delay in announcing measures for control of coffee is conceded. 736
Oct. 22 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.) Interview with Foreign Minister on utilization of German ships. 736
Oct. 23 To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Winston Churchill made agent of Associated Powers for purchasing nitrates and securing German tonnage in Chile. 737
Nov. 4 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Occupation by Chilean marines of German ships in Chilean ports. 738
Nov. 5 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.) Expropriation of German ships by Argentina. 738
Nov. 14 To the Brazilian Chargé Decrease in Brazil’s coffee trade due to high prices. 739
[Page LXXIII] Jan. 13 [Rec’d Jan. 14] From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.) Germany announces Liberian coast in zone of submarine activity. 740
Apr. 10 From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.) Letter to Liberia from commander of German submarine in Monrovia Harbor, demanding that wireless and cable station cease operation. 740
Apr. 10 From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.) Liberia agrees to stop wireless operation. Germans demand removal of French flag and destruction of station. 741
7209 Apr. 10 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); the same to the Ambassador in France Immediate assistance for Liberia requested. 741
Apr. 10 [Rec’d Apr. 11] From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.) Bombardment of French wireless station at Monrovia by German submarine. 742
9451 Undated [Rec’d Apr. 11] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Assistance has been dispatched to Monrovia by British Admiralty; 742
Apr. 11 [Rec’d Apr. 12] From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.) Disappearance of German submarine after sinking the President Howard and encountering merchant steamer. 742
7245 Apr. 12 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassador in France Inquires what protection Great Britain intends to give Liberia. 743
Apr. 13 From the Consul at Dakar (tel.) Recommends that Monrovia be advised to accept help proffered by Governor General at Dakar. 743
Apr. 14 [Rec’d Apr. 15] From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.) Opposition of Liberia toward proffered help of Governor General of Dakar for defense of French wireless station. 743
Apr. 15 [Rec’d Apr. 16] From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.) Statement of Liberian Government that question of defense must be settled with Allies jointly. 744
May 1 To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.) U.S.S. Raleigh dispatched to Monrovia. Instructions to report. 745
May 8 From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.) Arrival of U.S.S. Raleigh with munitions; commanding officer’s commendation of Liberian plan for fortifying ports. 745
10031 May 13 [Rec’d May 14] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British measures for protection of Liberia. 746
May 21 [Rec’d May 22] From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.) Liberia dismantles French wireless station which had been repaired. 746
[Page LXXIV] May 31 To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.) Points out necessity for operation of wireless station in Liberia. 747
June 3 To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.) Inquiry regarding use of German wireless station in Liberia while French station is undergoing repair. 747
June 11 [Rec’d June 12] From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.) Liberia accepts U.S. advice regarding wireless station and requests arms and ammunition. 747
June 12 [Rec’d June 13] From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.) French wireless station now in working condition. Objections to use of German station. 748
June 21 [Rec’d June 22] From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.) Liberia awaits British advice before reopening French wireless station. 749
June 25 To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.) War Department will sell arms and ammunition to Liberia. 749
June 27 [Rec’d June 28] From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.) Liberia permits French wireless station to be reopened. 749
225 June 28 [Rec’d Aug. 5] From the Chargé in Liberia Reasons influencing Liberia in reopening of French wireless station. 750

Rumania’s Withdrawal from the War

suggestions for assurances to rumania regarding her treatment in the peace settlement—negotiations between rumania and the central powers—efforts of the ministers of the allied and associated powers to avert a separate peace—declarations of the american government to rumania, february 21, april 26, and may 3

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
2044 Jan. 16 To the French Ambassador Assurances given Rumania regarding her treatment in the peace settlement. 751
7 Jan. 12 [Rec’d Jan. 17] From the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Rumania considers separate peace with Germany, in view of reported peace program. 752
130 Jan. 23 To the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Instructions to reiterate assurances conveyed by the President to the King of Rumania. 752
3108 Jan. 29 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes telegram of Jan. 28 from Associated ministers at Jassy on peace negotiations between Rumania and Central Powers. 753
3129 Feb. 5 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes joint telegram of Feb. 3 from the Associated ministers at Jassy on efforts to counteract the peace movement. 753
[Page LXXV]3156 Feb. 6 [Rec’d Feb. 7] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes joint telegram of Feb. 5 from Associated ministers at Jassy conveying Rumania’s appeal that Allies uphold their engagements. 754
3173 Feb. 9 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes joint telegram of Feb. 8 from Associated ministers at Jassy on Rumania’s attitude toward German ultimatum. 755
Feb. 12 From the French Ambassador Transmits message of Allied ministers in Rumania to French Foreign Minister on probability of separate peace if Entente guaranties denied. 756
Feb. 12 From the French Ambassador Continuation of message from Allied ministers in Rumania proposing further assurances of support for Rumania. 757
33 Feb. 9 [Rec’d Feb. 12] From the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Further efforts to prevent separate peace. The Queen’s appeal. 757
Feb. 15 [Rec’d Feb. 16] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes joint telegram from Associated ministers at Jassy on Germany’s demands upon Rumania. 758
163 Feb. 21 To the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Independent assurances of support to Rumania. 758
3246 Feb. 25 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes joint telegram of Feb. 24 from Allied ministers at Jassy stating that peace is inevitable. 759
3259 Feb. 27 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes joint telegram of Feb. 26 from Allied ministers at Jassy on interview of representatives of Central Powers with Rumanians. 759
46 Mar. 1 [Rec’d Mar. 3] From the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Reports situation in Rumania and inquires attitude to be taken on separate peace. 760
3293 Mar. 5 [Rec’d Mar. 6] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes joint telegram of Mar. 1 from Allied ministers at Jassy on demands of Central Powers, the alternatives, prospect of revision of peace terms. 761
47 Mar. 5 [Rec’d Mar. 6] From the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Rumanian peace imminent. Safe-conduct through Russia requested for military and medical staffs. 763
175 Mar. 8 To the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Department has endeavored to secure safe conducts for military and Red Cross missions through Russia. 763
176 Mar. 8 To the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Representations regarding peace may not be made but U.S. assurances may be reiterated. 764
[Page LXXVI] Mar. 7 [Rec’d Mar. 9] From the Rumanian Minister Ultimatum compels submission to demands of Central Powers; U.S. and Allied support for the future sought notwithstanding. 764
3328 Mar. 11 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes joint telegram of Mar. 9 from Allied ministers at Jassy: Rumania gives assurance that no demand has been made by Germany for supplies. 765
3327 Mar. 11 [Rec’d Mar. 12] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes joint telegram of Mar. 9 from Allied ministers at Jassy suggesting pressure upon Rumania to prevent war material falling into hands of Germans. 765
54 Mar. 12 [Rec’d Mar. 13] From the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Allied military attaches will see that no ammunition in Rumania is delivered to Germans. 766
Mar. 15 To. the Rumanian Minister Assurances have already been conveyed to Rumania in the grave situation which confronts it. 767
3470 Mar. 29 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes joint telegram of Mar. 27 from Allied ministers at Jassy regarding measures taken by Germany to isolate Rumania. 767
183 Apr. 4 To the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Instructions regarding his stay in Rumania should telegraphic communications be cut. 767
70 Apr. 12 [Rec’d Apr. 14] From the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Reports interview with new Prime Minister on outcome of the war. 768
3627 Apr. 15 [Rec’d Apr. 16] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes joint telegram of Apr. 14 from Allied ministers at Jassy suggesting U.S. public declaration of intention to continue the war until victorious. 768
3650 Apr. 20 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes joint telegram of Apr. 16 from Allied ministers at Jassy urging U.S. public denial of negotiations with Austria-Hungary for agreement regarding the Balkans. 769
189 Apr. 26 To the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Quotation from the President’s speech of Apr. 6 to be presented to Rumanian Prime Minister. 770
191 May 3 To the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Declaration of U.S. policy, disclaiming any assurances that Austria-Hungary will be given free hand in Balkans. 770
[Page LXXVII]

the treaty of peace between rumania and the central powers, may 7—statement by the allied and associated ministers of nonrecognition of its terms-rulings of the american government as to the international—status of rumania—declaration by the american government of sympathy with rumanian aspirations for national unity, november 5

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
77 May 14 [Rec’d May 19, 22] From the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Text of peace treaty of May 7 between Rumania and the Central Powers. 771
3956 May 22 [Rec’d May 23] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes joint telegram of May 18 from the four Allied ministers at Jassy repeating their letter to Foreign Minister declaring separate peace null and void. 778
80 May 21 [Rec’d May 24] From the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Defines Rumanian territory taken by Bulgaria and Austria-Hungary. 778
602 May 31 [Rec’d June 1] From the British Ambassador on Special Mission Great Britain will endeavor in final peace conference to obtain revision of terms of peace imposed upon Rumania. 779
10498 June 7 From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.): Sheldon to W.T.B. British recommendations regarding status of Rumania in financial transactions. 779
June 13 To the Director of the Bureau of Enemy Trade, W.T.B. Rumania is considered territory occupied by the enemy so far as postal service and remittances are concerned. 780
July 6 To the Alien Property Custodian Rumanian funds in the United States should not be regarded as belonging to an enemy. 780
839 Aug. 17 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): W.T.B. to Sheldon Concurs with Great Britain in attitude taken toward Rumania on matters within W.T.B. jurisdiction. 781
Aug. 30 To the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy No opinion yet reached relative to advisability of communicating to Rumania reasons for restrictions on transmission of funds. 781
5099 Sept. 16 [Rec’d Sept. 17] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes joint telegram of Sept. 14 from Allied ministers at Jassy: Rumanian press states Rumania can expect nothing from the Entente. 782
5694 Sept. 23 To the Ambassador in France (tel.): to Jassy Request to give assurance to Rumania of U.S. support as expressed in the President’s message of Nov. 28, 1917. 782
8 Oct. 25 To the Rumanian Chargé Submits for Rumanian consideration correspondence with Germany relative to armistice and peace terms. 782
124 Oct. 21 [Rec’d Nov. 1] From the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Rumanians in Transylvania request the United States to obtain their independence from Hungary. 783
[Page LXXVIII]125 Oct. 26 [Rec’d Nov. 3] From the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Summary of telegrams sent: Rumanian concurrence in President Wilson’s peace plans; decision to resume the fight for the Allies. 784
233 Nov. 5 To the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Expression of U.S. sympathy with Rumanian aspirations and assurances of support. 785

Establishment of a Montenegrin Legation in the United States

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
2606 Sept. 5, 1917 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Inquires regarding Montenegrin desire to establish a legation at Washington. 785
2462 Sept. 6, 1917 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Montenegro seeks to create a legation at Washington. 785
2702 Oct. 8, 1917 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) The United States will receive an accredited minister from Montenegro. 786
5655 Oct. 24, 1917 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Inquires British attitude toward Montenegrin diplomatic representation. 786
7521 Oct. 25, 1917 [Rec’d Oct. 26] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Great Britain is favorable to Montenegrin diplomatic representation. 786
3696 Apr. 22, 1918 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Designation of proposed Montenegrin minister to the United States. 786
4997 July 12 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Proposed Montenegrin minister is acceptable to the United States. 787
Sept. 20 Address of Montenegrin Minister Remarks made on occasion of his reception by President Wilson. 787
Sept. 20 Address of President Wilson Reply to remarks of Montenegrin Minister on occasion of his reception. 789

Relations of the United States with the Czecho-Slovak and JugoSlav National Movements

dissatisfaction of the serbian government with the utterances of lloyd george and president wilson regarding jugo-slav aspirations—qualified assurances given by the american government, march 14—the congress of oppressed races of austria-hungary at rome, april 9–11—military conventions between the czecho-slovak national council and the french and italian governments–recommendations that the american government recognize the czecho-slovak and jugo-slav national aims

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Jan. 22 [Rec’d Jan. 24] From the Special Agent at Corfu (tel.) Serbian dissatisfaction at apparent disregard of Jugoslav aspirations in utterances of Lloyd George and President Wilson. 790
[Page LXXIX] Jan. 28 [Rec’d Jan. 29] From the Special Agent at Corfu (tel.) The Serbian Premier emphasizes necessity for dismemberment of Austria-Hungary. 791
Feb. 19 [Rec’d Feb. 20] From the Special Agent at Corfu (tel.) Further observations on Jugo-Slav claims to independence. Opposition to the Pashitch Ministry. 792
Mar. 8 [Rec’d Mar. 9] From the Special Agent at Corfu (tel.) Serbian Premier requests authorization to make statement of U.S. assurances of support for Serbo-Croat national aspirations. 793
Mar. 14 To the Special Agent at Corfu (tel.) Authorizes statement of qualified assurances to meet Serbo-Croat national aspirations. 793
9204 Mar. 25 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British assurances of fulfillment of Serbian national aspirations as far as possible. 794
Mar. 30 [Rec’d Apr. 1] From the Special Agent at Corfu (tel.) Serbian declaration of right to create a free state to include all Southern Slavs. 794
Apr. 4 [Rec’d Apr. 5] From the Special Agent at Corfu (tel.) Serbia expresses appreciation of U.S. policies and gratitude for assistance. 795
1507 Apr. 9 [Rec’d Apr. 11] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Conference at Rome of representatives of oppressed races under Austria-Hungary. 795
1515 Apr. 12 [Rec’d Apr. 13] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Résumé of resolutions adopted at conference of races oppressed by Austria-Hungary. 796
Apr. 18 To the Special Agent at Corfu (tel.) Friendly assurances of U.S. cooperation with Serbia in winning the war. 797
55 Mar. 27 [Rec’d Apr. 29] From the Special Agent at Corfu Negotiations for reaching an understanding between Italy and subject races of Austria-Hungary on principle of nationality. 797
1570 May 3 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Report of Polish, Czech, and Jugo-Slav movement and telegram from American military mission at Italian front on Austrian and Jugo-Slav situation. Comments. 799
1589 May 7 [Rec’d May 8] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Military convention of Apr. 21 between Italy and Czechoslovak National Council. 802
1277 May 11 To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Desires to cooperate in support of Czech and Jugo-Slav movement. 803
3391 May 16 [Rec’d May 18] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Reasons why the United States should support claims of nationalities in Austria. Declaration by the President urged. 804
1635 May 18 [Rec’d May 20] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) His own and Foreign Minister’s views and suggestions regarding U.S. declaration of support to nationalities of Austria. 805
[Page LXXX]3419 May 23 From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) First step taken at Prague in revolt of subject nationalities against Austria. 806
62 May 28 [Rec’d May 29] From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.); to House also Describes revolutionary movement of Austrian subject races and recommends encouraging message from President Wilson. 807

public statement by the secretary of state, may 29, of the american government’s sympathy with the nationalistic aspirations of the czecho-slovaks and jugo-slavs—statement of the allied governments, june 6—dissatisfaction of the jugo-slav leaders with these declarations-supplementary statements by the secretary of state, june 24 and 28—french declaration in favor of czecho-slovak independence, june 30—statement of the secretary of state on the fourth anniversary of Austria’s declaration of war against Serbia—the president’s message to premier pashitch, july 30—recognition by great britain of the czecho-slovaks as an allied nation, august 9

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
1363 May 29 To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.); statement to other Associated Powers in Europe and Asia Public statement of sympathy with nationalistic aspirations of Czecho-Slovaks and Jugoslavs for freedom. Comments. 808
June 3 [Rec’d June 4] From the Special Agent at Corfu (tel.) Serbian Premier believes that, with U.S. aid, national aspirations of his people will be achieved. 809
82 June 4 From the Diplomatic Liaison Officer, Supreme War Council (tel.) Allies’ declaration of sympathy for national aspirations of Czecho-Slovaks and Jugoslavs, and for Polish independence. 809
1707 June 7 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Status in Italy of Czechoslovak, Jugo-Slav, and Esthonian national movements. 810
June 7 [Rec’d June 8] From the British Embassy Great Britain is prepared to recognize the Czecho-Slovak National Council and Army. 810
1715 June 9 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Dissapointment of Jugo-Slavs at Allied declarations. Italy apparently unfavorable to Jugo-Slav movement. 811
647 June 14 From the Serbian Minister Forwards copy of his letter to Allied Ambassadors at Washington concerning Allies’ declaration on fate of oppressed races. 812
June 15 From the French Ambassador Submits for U.S. approval political program of Czech National Council and French policy of recognition. 813
[Page LXXXI]4612 June 18 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Full information requested relative to Czecho-Slovak National Council and its recognition in Europe. 814
4264 June 22 [Rec’d June 23] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Information requested will be furnished by despatch; conversation with Benes reported. 814
72 June 24 To the Serbian Minister U.S. opinion that all branches of Slav race should be freed from German and Austrian rule. 815
June 28 To certain diplomatic and consular officers in Europe and Asia (tel.) Unequivocal statement that all branches of Slav race should be freed from German and Austrian rule. 816
June 29 [Rec’d June 30] From the French Ambassador Forwards French declaration in favor of Czecho-Slovak independence. Invites similar declaration by the United States. 816
2183 July 13 To the French Ambassador Reply to French request for U.S. declaration in favor of freedom of Czech countries. 817
July 20 From the President of the Czechoslovak National Council Appeal for U.S. recognition of the Council as representative of the future free state of Czecho-Slovakia. 818
6417 July 11 [Rec’d July 26] From the Ambassador in France Statements of Benes on political and economic conditions in the Balkans. 818
1587 July 27 To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.); to repeat to Corfu Statement issued on fourth anniversary of Austria’s declaration of war against Serbia. 821
Undated [Rec’d July 28] The Serbian President of the Council to President Wilson (tel.) Appeal for support of Serbian nation and Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes in Austria-Hungary. 822
July 30 President Wilson to the Serbian President of the Council (tel.) Message of sympathy and friendship for Serbia. 823
Aug. 7 To the Special Agent at Corfu (tel.) Requests reports on character of relations proposed between Serbia and Jugo-Slav portion of Austria-Hungary. 823
6605 Aug. 14 [Rec’d Aug. 27] From the Consul General at London British recognition of the Czecho-Slovaks as an Allied nation. 824
[Page LXXXII]

recognition by the united states, september 3, of the czecho-slovak national council as a de facto belligerent government–agreement between the british government and the czecho-slovak national council, september 3–recognition of the council by japan, september 9—italian declaration in favor of jugo-slav independence, September 26–announcement of the recruiting of a slavic legion in the united states–reports on the relations of italy and serbia to the jugo-slav nationalist aspirations—the czecho-slovak declaration of independence, october 18

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Sept. 3 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.); to repeat to Harbin, etc. Public announcement of U.S. recognition of Czecho-Slovak National Council as de facto cobelligerent Government. 824
1670 Sept. 7 To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Requests report on Italian attitude toward territorial aspirations of the Jugo-Slavs. 825
Sept. 17 [Rec’d Sept. 18] From the Chargé in Japan (tel.) Japan’s recognition of Czechoslovak Army as Allied army under its National Council. 825
2051 Sept. 26 [Rec’d Sept. 28] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italian sympathy for Jugo-Slav aspirations. 826
Sept. 30 [Rec’d Oct. 1] From the Italian Ambassador Italy declares Jugo-Slav movement to be in accordance with principles for which Allies are fighting. 826
2056 Sept. 27 [Rec’d Oct. 1] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Interview with Foreign Minister on Jugo-Slav problem and Italy’s attitude. 826
Oct. 5 Statement by the War Department Regulations for recruiting a Slavic Legion in the United States. 827
107 Aug. 26 [Rec’d Oct. 8] From the Special Agent at Corfu Serbian position on character of relation to be established between Serbia and Jugo-Slavs of Austria-Hungary. 828
Oct. 8 [Rec’d Oct. 9] From the Special Agent at Corfu (tel.) Serbian attitude toward desire of Southern Slav Committee to obtain Entente recognition. 832
1005 Sept. 17 [Rec’d Oct. 14] From the Chargé in Italy Forwards report on Italian attitude toward the Jugo-Slavs. 832
Oct. 14 [Rec’d Oct. 15] From the Serbian Chargé Request for a declaration in favor of freedom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes of Austria-Hungary and their union with Serbia. 842
1135 Oct. 14 [Rec’d Oct, 16] From the British Chargé Copy of agreement of Sept. 3 between the British Government and the Czecho-Slovak National Council. 844
Oct. 16 From the President of the Czecho-Slovak Provisional Government Submits draft of Czecho-Slovak declaration of independence. 846
[Page LXXXIII]5444 Oct. 16 [Rec’d Oct. 17] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Text of Czecho-Slovak letter of Oct. 14 announcing creation of a Czecho-Slovak Government and assumption of official relations with the Allies. 846
Oct. 18 From the President of the Czecho-Slovak Provisional Government Text of declaration of independence of the Czecho-Slovak nation. 847

rejection by president wilson of autonomy as a solution of the czechoslovak and jugo-slav questions, october 19—arrangements for a loan to the czecho-slovak national council—the establishment of national authorities in czecho-slovak and jugo-slav territories—friction between the jugo-slavs and italians

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
5960 Oct. 19 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Arrangements for loan to Czecho-Slovak National Council. 851
113 Sept. 13 [Rec’d Oct. 21] From the Special Agent at Corfu Serbian official views regarding the constitution of a future Jugo-Slav state. 852
5531 Oct. 22 [Rec’d Oct. 23] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Information and documents establishing Masaryk’s authority to act for Czechoslovak Government. 854
6014 Oct. 25 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Regarding Czech loan, legal formality requires text of act making Masaryk President of the Council. 855
5391 Oct. 25 From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Reports attack by Croatian soldiers on Hungarian troops at Fiume. 858
5569 Oct. 25 [Rec’d Oct. 26] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) France and Italy have recognized Czecho-Slovak Provisional Government. 856
5376 Oct. 24 From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Czech deputies sent to Switzerland to inquire Allied and U.S. sentiment toward Bohemian independence, etc. 857
Oct. 28 To the Serbian Chargé Reply to Serbian request for favorable statement regarding the Declaration of Corfu. 857
Oct. 29 From the President of the Czecho-Slovak Provisional Government Denunciation of Austro-Hungarian duplicity. 858
5600 Oct. 28 [Rec’d Oct. 29] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Text of act of Czecho-Slovak National Council making Masaryk President of Council and Minister of Finance. 859
5666 Nov. 1 [Rec’d Nov. 2] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Austrian fleet in the Adriatic in hands of the Jugo-Slavs. Friction with Italy. 860
[Page LXXXIV]149 Oct. 21 [Rec’d Nov. 2] From the Consul General at Irkutsk (tel.): to the President Transmits letter of Oct. 12 from Russian branch of Czecho-Slovak National Council expressing appreciation of U.S. recognition of the Council. 861
37 Nov. 2 From the Special Representative (tel.): to the President Jugo-Slavs at Pola notified to place fleet at disposal of commander in chief of Allied forces. 862
2274 Nov. 2 [Rec’d Nov. 3] From the Ambassador in Italy.(tel.) Text of message of the Jugo-Slav committee, Pola, to the President, requesting protection. Italy’s attitude. 862
Nov. 3 [Rec’d Nov. 4] From the Special Agent at Corfu (tel.) Serbia will not ask for settlement of Balkan questions before final treaty of peace. 863
5559 Nov. 3 [Rec’d Nov. 5] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Views of Czech leader on territorial dispositions. 864
6706 Oct. 21 [Rec’d Nov. 5] From the Ambassador in France Forwards memorandum of the President of the Jugo-Slav Committee in London on Italian-Jugo-Slav conflict. Comments. 864
Nov. 7 [Rec’d Nov. 8] From the Special Agent at Corfu (tel.) Delegates of Jugo-Slav National Council of Agram confer with Serbian Government on measures of state. 868
6236 Nov. 9 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Request for report of Italian-Jugo-Slav situation. 869
Nov. 8 [Rec’d Nov. 10] From the Special Agent at Corfu (tel.) Substance of message to Jugo-Slav National Council from delegates in conference with Allied naval commander in chief at Corfu; Jugo-Slav aims presented. 869
Nov. 9 [Rec’d Nov. 10] From the Special Agent at Corfu (tel.) Allied protection desired for transports at Cattaro; landing of Italian troops in Dal-matia opposed. 870
Nov. 12 To the Commissioner of the Czechoslovak National Council Notification that he will be acceptable as commissioner in the United States. 870

Relations of the United States with the Polish National Movement: Recognition of the Polish Army and National Committee as Autonomous and cobelligerent

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Mar. 8 [Rec’d Mar. 9] From the French Ambassador Advises joint public declaration favoring an independent Polish state. Draft form enclosed. 871
Mar. 12 To the French Ambassador Concurrence in French opinion of desirability of declaration regarding Poland; modification suggested. 872
[Page LXXXV] Mar. 18 To the Representative of the Polish National Committee Approves selection of Committee’s member to sit as representative of Polish immigrants in the United States. 872
4353 Aug. 16 [Rec’d Aug. 18] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Press report of Polish proposals of alliance with Central Powers. 873
4450 Aug. 23 [Rec’d Aug. 26] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Status of project for alliance between Germany and Poland. 874
4470 Aug. 26 [Rec’d Aug. 28] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Conflicting policy regarding solution of Polish problem. U.S. opinion sought. Recommendations. 875
2647 Aug. 31 To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) President Wilson has already set forth U.S. policy toward Poland. Further statement inadvisable. 876
5150 Oct. 11 [Rec’d Oct. 13] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Manifesto issued by Regency Council for creation of independent Polish state with representative government. 877
Oct. 14 Department memorandum Danger of Bolshevik occupation of Poland upon evacuation by German troops. 878
Oct. 18 From the President of the Polish National Committee Request for recognition of the Polish Army and National Commission as autonomous, allied, and cobelligerent. 878
Oct. 25 From the President of the Polish National Committee British letter of Oct. 15 to the Polish National Committee recognizing independence of Poland. Italy’s recognition. 879
Nov. 1 To the President of the Polish National Committee U. S. recognition of Polish Army, under Polish National Committee, as autonomous and cobelligerent. 880
5647 Oct. 31 [Rec’d Nov. 1] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Transmits Polish press statement regarding German oppression and measures for resistance. 881
5690 Nov. 2 [Rec’d Nov. 3] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Bolshevik propaganda in Poland; Polish victory over Red Guards in Siberia; attempted control of Polish territory now under Austria. 883
5776 Nov. 8 [Rec’d Nov. 9] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Press reports of further conflicts between Poles and Germans; Ukrainian relations with Germans. 884
5693 Nov. 10 [Rec’d Nov. 11] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Reported formation in Poland of Socialist government proclaiming a Polish Republic. 885
[Page LXXXVI] Mar. 16 [Rec’d Mar. 19] From the French Ambassador Requests U.S. aid in departure of Armenian volunteers for participation with French in military operations in Syria. 885
3586 Apr. 16 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Inquires attitude of Allied War Council toward Armenians, who have appealed for monetary aid. 886
Undated [Rec’d Apr. 17] President of Armenian Nat’l Delegation to President Wilson Appeal for aid against the Turks to prevent extermination of Armenians. 886
3675 Apr. 20 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Will report Armenian situation upon completion of investigation by General Bliss. 887
3706 Apr. 25 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Measures suggested for aiding in defense of Armenians and Georgians against Turkish advance. 887
3799 May 1 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Message of sympathy from the President, Government, and people of the United States for Armenians. 889
3816 May 6, 7 [Rec’d May 7] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes General Bliss: Information on Armenian situation received from British War Office; suggestions. 889
2132 May 8 To the French Ambassador Reply to request that Armenians in U.S. Army be permitted to join French contingent in Cyprus for service against Turkey. 890
6059 July 31 To the Ambassador in Great Britain Armenian situation; U.S. interest therein; German menace; request for expression of British policy. 891
5575 Oct. 25 [Rec’d Oct. 26] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) President of the Armenian National Delegation requests U.S. and Allied recognition of Armenia as a belligerent country. 894
Oct. 30 [Rec’d Nov. 1] From Special Envoy of Armenian Catholicos and Representative of Nat’l Delegation Appeal for U.S. influence with Allies for adopting certain measures to safeguard Armenian rights. 894

Relations of the United States with Persia’s National Aspirations

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Dec. 17, 1917 [Rec’d Dec. 18] From the Persian Minister Persia seeks good offices of the United States in securing fulfillment of certain aims. 895
Jan. 3, 1918 To the Persian Minister Assurance of consideration of Persia’s request. 897
Jan. 19 [Rec’d Jan. 21] From the Minister in Persia (tel.) Persian protest against alleged violation of its sovereignty. 897
[Page LXXXVII]6310 Jan. 21 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Presents situation in Persia and its inevitable result if no remedial measures are taken. 897
Jan. 24 To the Minister in Persia (tel.) Instructions to deny U.S. infringement upon Persian territory and offer friendly assurances. 898
8390 Jan. 24 [Rec’d Jan. 25] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Report on British action touching Persia will be given. Suggestions. 898
Feb. 1 From the Minister in Persia (tel.) U.S. assurances to Persia well received. Report of Consul, Tabriz, on occurrence which called forth Persian protest. 899
8493 Feb. 4 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British and French declaration upholding independence and integrity of Persia submitted for U.S. participation. 899
138 Jan. 30 [Rec’d Feb. 5] From the British Chargé Suggests that U.S. and French representatives in Persia join British in making declaration of intention to Persia. 899
Feb. 14 To the British Ambassador on Special Mission U.S. refusal to join in further declaration to Persia. 900
Feb. 14 [Rec’d Feb. 15] From the Consul at Tiflis (tel.) Protests against closing of Persian frontier. His message on subject to Minister in Persia quoted. 902
Feb. 18 [Rec’d Feb. 19] From the Minister in Persia (tel.) Persia declares frontier closed against military persons only. No protest made pending instructions. 903
Feb. 20 To the Minister in Persia (tel.) Requires report on Turkish and German propaganda in Persia and Persian attitude. 903
Mar. 13 [Rec’d Mar. 14] From the Minister in Persia (tel.) British intentions in Persia announced. 904
31 Mar. 21 To the Minister in Persia (tel.) Inquiries regarding British troops in northwest Persia and Persia’s attitude. 904
Mar. 23 [Rec’d Mar. 25] From the Minister in Persia (tel.) Reports object and strength of British troops in northwest Persia and Persian attitude. 904
34 Mar. 29 To the Minister in Persia (tel.) Instructions to investigate report that Persia has sent delegates to arrange alliance with Germany. 905
Mar. 30 [Rec’d Mar. 31] From the Minister in Persia (tel.) Persian protest to Great Britain against alleged aggressions, and insistence on participation in peace conference. 906
Apr. 1 [Rec’d Apr. 2] From the Minister in Persia (tel.) Report of sending of Persian delegation to arrange alliance with Germany is untrue. 906
[Page LXXXVIII]7474 Apr. 29 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) U.S. good offices available to allay unfavorable feeling against Great Britain in Persia resulting from German propaganda. 907
48 June 15 From the Persian Chargé Persian message giving assurance of neutrality and seeking U.S. aid in protecting its sovereignty. 907
Aug. 1 [Rec’d Aug. 2] From the Consul at Teheran (tel.) Persia abrogates all existing Russian treaties and concessions. 908
Aug. 1 [Rec’d Aug. 2] From the Minister in Persia (tel.) Text of Persian decree abolishing extraterritorial rights and annulling Russian concessions. 909
Aug. 4 [Rec’d Aug. 5] From the Minister in Persia (tel.) Ministers of Spain and Allied Powers demand resignation of Persian Cabinet and abrogation of decree annulling Russian treaties. 910
72 Aug. 7 To the Minister in Persia (tel.) Instruction to avoid commitments and keep Department informed. 910
75 Aug. 13 To the Minister in Persia (tel.) Instruction to ascertain attitude of foreign legations, especially German, Austrian, and Turkish, toward Persian decree. 911
76 Aug. 16 To the Minister in Persia (tel.) Inquires attitude of new Persian Cabinet toward annulment, and whether it was instigated by Germans. 911
Aug. 20 [Rec’d Aug. 22] From the Minister in Persia (tel.) Attitude of new Cabinet and Persian public toward decree. Evidence that it was instigated by Germany. 911
Aug. 31 [Rec’d Sept. 2] From the Minister in Persia (tel.) Character of Persian treaties and effect of their abrogation on other nations as regards extraterritorial rights. 912
Sept. 1 [Rec’d Sept. 2] From the Minister in Persia (tel.) Persia continues neutral; slight evidence of Turkish or German propaganda; American prestige enhanced. 913
177 Oct, 5 From the Persian Chargé Persia looks to America to insure it against future violation of territorial rights. 913