File No. 861.00/1270

The Ambassador in Russia (Francis) to the Secretary of State


2. Trotsky complains that Allied consuls Vladivostok, including American, virtually opposing Soviet government having declined ultimatum regarding Soviet reorganization local organizations, also formation of local Red Guard and have announced reserving themselves freedom of action as well. Have telegraphed to American Consul for information. Have you instructed him? Press states Siberian republic formed with Prince Lvov president, whom Japanese troops preparing to install at Irkutsk.

Vice Consul Cole, Archangel, writes March 6 that Bolsheviks dominating and no prospect for formation independent government [Page 75] as Martin reported. See my telegram of March 4 unnumbered.1 Cole furthermore thinks landing Allied troops Archangel or Murman exceedingly unwise and would arouse antagonism to Allies. Am therefore not supporting request of Admiral Kemp who is the same alarmist that sent a naval officer from Archangel to Petrograd two or three months ago, came near stampeding all foreigners.

Soviet evacuating Petrograd sending most of departments to Moscow, some Nizhni Novgorod. Conditions in Petrograd almost unbearable, everybody attempting exit.

Mayor gave dinner to diplomats last night. Five chiefs including Brazilian, Japanese, Chinese Chargés attending and missions. Advice concerning occupation of ports was retracted in my telegram of March 5, 5 p.m., unnumbered:2 was anything done?