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Proclamation of independence, December 4–6, 1917: attitude of the American and other governments—Recognition by Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and France, January 4–10, 1918—Seizure of power by the Red Guards; civil war with the White Guards under Mannerheim—Swedish occupation of the Åland Islands—Request for American recognition by commissioners of the White government: counter-representations by the delegate of the Red government—Appeals for food


[863] The Consul at Helsingfors (Haynes) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/766


[864] The Minister in Sweden (Morris) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/772


[865] The Finnish Commissioner (Ignatius) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/804


[866] The Minister in Sweden (Morris) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/809


[867] The Ambassador in Russia (Francis) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/821


[868] The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Russia (Francis)

File No. 861.00/835


[869] The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Russia (Francis)

File No. 861.00/835


[870] The Minister in Sweden (Morris) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/818


[871] The Minister in Sweden (Morris) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/843


[872] The Minister in Sweden (Morris) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/860


[873] The Minister in Sweden (Morris) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/880


[874] The Minister in Sweden (Morris) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/885


[875] The Minister in Sweden (Morris) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/904


[877] The Minister in Norway (Schmedeman) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/918


[878] The Ambassador in Russia (Francis) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/922


[879] The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/941


[880] The Minister in Norway (Schmedeman) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/938


[881] The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Russia (Francis)

File No. 861.00/922


[882] The Ambassador in Russia (Francis) to the Secretary of State

File No. 860d.00/–


[883] The Ambassador in Great Britain (Page) to the Secretary of State

File No. 860d.00/1


[884] The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Russia (Francis)

File No. 860d.00/–


[885] The Ambassador in Great Britain (Page) to the Secretary of State

File No. 860d.00/4


[886] The Consul at Helsingfors (Haynes) to the Secretary of State

File No. 860d.00/6


[887] The Minister in Sweden (Morris) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/1014


[888] The Minister in Sweden (Morris) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/1018


[889] The Secretary of State to the Consul at Helsingfors (Haynes)

File No. 861.00/1008


[890] Memorandum of the Assistant Secretary of State

File No. 860d.01/32


[891] The Consul at Helsingfors (Haynes) to the Secretary of State

File No. 861.00/1043 ½


[892] The Minister in Sweden (Morris) to the Secretary of State

File No. 860d.00/9