File No. 861.00/1353

The Consul General at Moscow ( Summers ) to the Secretary of State


280. German advance in south continues rapidly and immense supplies falling into their hands. There is practically no opposition. Nikolaevsk [omission] and many other important places captured. Germans evidently contemplate taking possession Don Basin and obtaining iron and coal supplies. As the result of ratification peace treaty, Bolshevik Party discredited. Military Mission and Robins, Red Cross, doing all possible bring about formation new army. I urn assured, however, and firmly believe that few Russians will fight under present regime. Only a national army to defend the country will unite vast majority.