File No. 861.00/1171

The Ambassador in Russia ( Francis) to the Secretary of State


2402. Continuing my telegram No. 2400 Germans advancing but deliberately. Lenin and Trotsky resignations withdrawn; both Council and Executive Committee decided to resist Germans and have issued mobilization order; soldiers however crowding station appropriating trains and leaving for homes.

Five Allied Ambassadors agreed to support resistance if offered and French and British through their engineer officers are assisting Red Guard destroying railroad to prevent German advance. Such action in response to inquiry by Trotsky of French officer visiting Smolny. Possible resistance ineffectual but may delay enemy arriving consequently departure of Allied chiefs postponed. Ambassadors agreed to meet Trotsky for conference if so requested either here or French Embassy but not Foreign Office.

Promises special train available twelve hours’ notice.

Food conditions alarming, riots probable, anarchistic demonstration reported contemplated within next few days.