File No. 818.00/100
The Costa Rican Minister to the Secretary of State
Washington, February 28, 1917.
Excellency: Pursuant to instructions from Mr. Alfredo González, Constitutional President of the Republic of Costa Rica, I have the honor to present to your excellency herewith a memorandum relating the facts connected with the treason perpetrated by Minister Tinoco on January 27 last, and to reiterate the request made by the President viva voce to your excellency on the day you had the kindness to receive that high official in the State Department.
The President wishes to have it clearly settled that he did not come to ask that American forces go to my country in order to overthrow the de facto Government presided over by Tinoco and to restore him, González, to the post that lawfully belongs to him, nor to place therein any of his personal or political friends. On this point Mr. González maintains the same invariable attitude which he expressed when your excellency saw fit to intimate to him the expediency of his reoccupying his post until the end of his term.
Mr. González is not actuated in this matter by the slightest idea of personal advantage, the only thing he desires being that Ms country may return as soon as possible to constitutional order. For this the smooth and unobstructed course which he approves is the same one which both your excellency and His Excellency President Wilson stated to Mr. González as having already been adopted by the American Government in this affair, viz., the non-recognition of the Tinoco Government, either now when he is acting as a dictator or later on when a farcical election, carried out and directed under his control, invests the traitorous Minister with the pompous and illegal title of Constitutional President of Costa Rica.
Neither Tinoco nor any of his relatives or friends can represent the spontaneous wish of the Costa Rican people, and the most effective and practical way in which that people can continue to enjoy the [Page 310]peaceful and constitutional life it has been leading for half a century consists in having the traitor not reap the fruits of his crime, whether it be in a direct form or in an indirect one through some of his protegés.
And in order that neither Tinoco nor any of those surrounding him may be able to perpetuate themselves in power, nothing is needed but a negative act by the United States Government, that is, the non-recognition of that régime.
In view of the bad economic situation of the Costa Rican Government, which situation President González thought he could remedy by establishing the tax reforms undertaken by him, the life of that Government is impossible without the cooperation of foreign capital, or, more properly speaking, American capital, for it is well known that Europe is not now in a position to divert a cent of its resources in order to finance governments on this continent, and this capital could not go to Costa Rica without a responsible Government being first established there with which to deal.
With the resources which Tinoco and his followers could lay their hands on in the interior of the country, the present Government could not live over two or three months. They would then necessarily be compelled to capitulate in favor of some third party whom both Mr. González and his friends and partisans would be willing to support resolutely notwithstanding such third party were our political enemy. The only thing we ask is that it may not be Tinoco or any of his relatives, or any of the persons intimately connected with the criminal move of January 27 or with the pseudogovernment which was afterwards established.
With the assurances [etc.]