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List of papers, in chronological order, with subjects of correspondence

CIRCULARS

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
Circular 1917 Apr. 7 International Farm Congress. Directs to extend invitations to send representatives. 3
do June 23 Same subject. The congress will be held Sept. 18–29, 1917. 4
Circular telegram Nov. 30 Establishment of chapters of the American Red Cross. Instructs to encourage. 4

ARGENTINA

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
Mr. Stimson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). 1917 June 29 Visit of an American fleet to Buenos Aires upon invitation by the Argentine Government. Argentine Government extends invitation to our fleet to visit Buenos Aires. 5
Same to same (telegram). July 1 Same subject. Argentine Senate approves policy of President in invitation to United States squadron to visit Buenos Aires. Suggests he be allowed to announce coming of fleet in speech July 4. 6
do July 11 Same subject. Quotes written invitation to be given by the Minister of Foreign Affairs. 5
Mr. Polk to Mr. Stimson (telegram). July 13 Same subject. United States Government accepts invitation of Argentina. 5
Mr. Stimson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). July 15 Same subject. Quotes note received from Minister of Foreign Affairs and reports President wishes to receive fleet with all possible honors. 6
Mr. Polk to Mr. Stimson (telegram). July 19 Same subject. Instructs him to arrange program of activities for officers making visit to the end that wishes of Argentine Government may materialize. 6
Mr. Stimson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). July 21 Same subject. Outlines details of official program. 7
Same to same (telegram) July 25 Same subject. Fleet arrives; Minister for Foreign Affairs gives welcome dinner. 7
do July 26 Same subject. President expresses satisfaction in welcoming fleet and makes assurance that the great reception came from the hearts of the people. 7
[Page XVIII] Same to same (telegram). July 29 Same subject. Reports 1,000 sailors march through city to races; President extends invitation for fleet to remain longer in Argentine waters. 7
do July 31 Same subject. Squadron sails; President expresses wish for its good fortune. 8

AUSTRIA-HUNGARY

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
324 Mr. Page to Mr. Lansing. 1915 July 8 Abrogation of provisions of certain treaties. Acceptance of denunciation by the Italian Government. 18
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Page. 1916 Mar. 25 Same subject. Points out errors in Department’s instruction of May 29, 1916, and instructs to inform the Italian Government. 18
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Cellere. Mar. 29 Same subject. Incloses copy of above instruction. 20
2163 Mr. Cellere to Mr. Lansing. June 29 Same subject. Advises that the Italian Government accepts denunciation. Gives notice that his Government denounces the whole Treaty of May 8, 1878. 20
525 Mr. Jay to Mr. Lansing. June 30 Same subject. Incloses copy of a note from the Foreign Office accepting the denunciation. 21
1339 Mr. Penfield to Mr. Lansing (telegram). July 17 Same subject. Refers to Department’s May 29, 1915, and telegram Apr. 1, 1916, and quotes note from Foreign Office which says Austro-Hungarian Government agrees to repeal of certain articles in conventions of May 8, 1848, and July 11, 1870, respectively. 9
1781 Same to same July 19 Same subject. Incloses note from Foreign Office on subject contained in Mr. Penfield’s 1339, July 17. 9
1305 Mr. Polk to Mr. Penfield (telegram). July 24 Same subject. Refers his 1339 and asks for clearer statement of Austria-Hungary’s position. 10
281 Mr. Vopicka to Mr. Lansing (telegram). July 25 Same subject. Refers Department’s circular Apr. 1; Foreign Office verbally approves seamen’s act. 17
Mr. Polk to Mr. Cellere. Aug. 2 Same subject. Acknowledges notice of denunciation of the Treaty of May 8, 1878. 22
3754 Mr. Gerard to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 7 Same subject. Incloses copy of note from Foreign Office which states that seamen’s act contains regulations not consistent with agreements in treaties between the Empire and the United States. 12
[Page XIX]378 Mr. Polk to Mr. Page. Aug. 8 Same subject. Incloses copy of note from the Italian Ambassador of June 29, 1916, and Department’s reply. 22
3670 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Grew. Nov. 9 Same subject. In answer to Embassy’s 3754 of Aug. 7 refers to Department’s instruction No. 3671 of Nov. 9. 13
3671 Same to same Nov. 9 Same subject. Incloses copy of seamen’s act of Mar. 4, 1915, and gives explanation of the origin of the legislation. 14
2447 Mr. Penfield to Mr. Lansing. 1917 Jan. 30 Same subject. Incloses further note from Foreign Office requesting reply to certain questions raised in its note July 13, 1916. 10
1528 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Penfield (telegram). Feb. 5 Same subject. Refers to his telegram 1668; states Department is not clear concerning assurances Austro-Hungarian Gov’t desires and instructs him communicate to that Gov’t Department’s belief that it will have no cause for fear on account of the seamen’s act. 11
1386 Same to same Mar. 14 Same subject. Department’s telegram 1528 of Feb. 5 fully answers inquiry contained in his No. 2447. 12
1662 Mr. Cellere to Mr. Lansing. June 11 Same subject. The Italian Government desires to withdraw its denunciation of the Treaty of May 8, 1878. 23
283 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Cellere. June 22 Same subject. The Government of the United States acquiesces in the withdrawal of the denunciation of the Treaty of May 8, 1878. 25

BRAZIL

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
Mr. Morgan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). 1917 July 5 Friendship of Brazil. Reports observance of 4th of July. Demonstration of great friendship for this Government and the sailors of Admiral Caperton’s squadron. 26
958 Same to same July 11 Same subject. Reports further on 4th of July celebration; the visit of President to flagship; parade through streets and popular ovation. 26
960 do do Same subject. Reports public and press to be greatly impressed with visit of squadron commenting upon excellent conduct of men. 27
[Page XX]

CENTRAL AMERICA

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
Editorial note Central American Affairs. A brief historical sketch showing the status of the five Central American States from the time of their independence. 29
352 Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing. 1917 Mar. 14 Same subject. Incloses copy of the note from the Foreign Office of Mar. 10, 1917, in which is transcribed the telegraphic communication of the Minister for Foreign Affairs to the Central American Governments declaring the intention of the Government of Nicaragua to withdraw from the Central American Court of Justice. 30
Mr. Zaldivar to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 30 Same subject. Transmits translations of telegrams between Nicaragua and Salvador relative to Nicaragua’s denouncement of the convention for the establishment of a Central American Court of Justice. Also a memorandum containing an expression of the views of the Government and people of Salvador concerning Nicaragua’s withdrawal. 31
360 Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing. Apr. 3 Same subject. Incloses copy of a note sent by Nicaragua to Salvador relative to Nicaragua’s withdrawal from the Central American Court. 33
Mr. Cuadra Z. to Mr. Lansing. Apr, 14 Same subject. Presents reasons which Nicaragua considers justifying her in withdrawing from the Central American Court. 34
Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing, (telegram). Aug. 22 Same subject. Nicaragua invited to join in movement for the purpose of considering the extension of the Central American Court for another decade. Also to form a Central American Union. President Chamorro asks whether the Department has knowledge of this movement and if it meets with its approval. 37
Mr. Johnson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 23 Same subject. Tinoco organ, in order to satisfy popular demand, welcomes movement of union as desirable and necessary for Central America. But de facto Government apparently committed to principles of Washington Conventions. Reasons. 37
Mr. Zaldivar to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Salvadorean Government has proposed a Central American conference for the purpose of extending the life of the Central American Court of Justice. Asks the United States to send representatives to the contemplated conference in the event that it is held. 38
[Page XXI] Mr. Ewing to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 24 Same subject. Movement in favor of Central American Union result of note from Costa Rica proposing the revision of Treaty of Washington 1907. Gives motives believed to be actuating Costa Rica and Honduras. 38
162 Mr. Johnson to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Incloses copies of notes exchanged between Costa Rica and Honduras dealing with the proposed extension of the Washington Treaty of 1907 and the movement for a Central American Union. 39
Mr. Ewing to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 27 Same subject. Costa Rica’s and Salvador’s acceptance Honduran plan to broaden scope of convention to include the consideration and formation of a Central American Union received here with enthusiasm. Probable reasons for the proposal and acceptance. 42
Mr. Long to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Attitude of Salvador towards the proposed Central American Union. 42
Mr. Zaldivar to Mr. Lansing, Aug. 31 Same subject. Asks whether the American Government will accept the invitation to be represented at the proposed Central American conference. 43
22 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Zaldivar. Sept. 5 Same subject. Gives reasons why this Government can not be represented at the proposed Central American conference at this time. 43
431 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). Sept. 6 Same subject. Ascertain whether Mexican Government has been asked to be represented at proposed Central American conference, and, if so, what Mexico’s attitude will be. 44
23 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Zaldivar. Sept. 8 Same subject. Salvadorean Legation’s note of Aug. 31. Refers to answer given in Department’s note of the 5th instant. 44
433 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing (letter). Sept. 14 Same subject. Mexican Government has been asked to be represented at conference, and decided to accept the invitation. 44
Mr. Leavell to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Sept. 22 Same subject. According to President Cabrera the proposed conference will not be called together at present. 44
Same to same (telegram). Dec. 11 Same subject. President Cabrera says that Costa Rica and Nicaragua can not participate in the preliminary conference to be held here and that the conference will not take place therefore. 45
[Page XXII]

CHINA

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
1186 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. 1916 Sept. 4 Demands of Japan upon China. Gives account of collision between the troops and states demands of Japan resulting therefrom. 241
Same to same (telegram). Sept. 5 Same subject. Indicates some of the demands made by Japan resulting from the collision of the troops. 243
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Guthrie (telegram). Sept. 6 Same subject. Quotes newspaper reports and instructs to bring the matter to the attention of the Foreign Office. 244
Mr. Guthrie to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Sept. 11 Same subject. Reports interview with the Minister for Foreign Affairs, giving the Japanese version of the affair. The Minister for Foreign Affairs stated Japan did not recognize the right of the United States to interfere in the matter. 244
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Guthrie (telegram). Sept. 13 Same subject. The presence of Japanese troops in Mongolia and the extension of police jurisdiction of Japan affects the status quo as described in the Root-Takahira notes and justifies the two Governments to communicate with each other as agreed to. 245
616 Mr. Guthrie to Mr. Lansing. Sept. 18 Same subject. Quotes demands made by Japan which were given to him by the Chinese Minister at Tokyo. 246
1215 Mr. Reinschto Mr. Lansing. Sept. 29 Taxation of foreigners in China. Transmits copy of despatch from Consulate General at Hankowin regard to the so-called “99 Mercantile Tax”. Gives substance of instruction to Hankow. Asks Department’s approval. 232
1222 Same to same Oct. 12 Application of the most favored nation clause to concessions obtained by Japan in Manchuria and Mongolia. Asks to be advised whether the Legation is justified in maintaining that rights granted to Japan accrue to the benefit of American citizens by virtue of the most favored nation clause. 285
1228 do Oct. 14 Demands of Japan upon China. The Chinese Government seems to be willing to grant the demands made upon it by Japan, but is negotiating for more exact definitions. 247
[Page XXIII] Same to same (telegram). Oct. 18 Discrimination against American exporters in China. Chinese Government maintains that flour is included within treaty stipulation forbidding export of grain. Situation disadvantageous to American interests is thus created. Requests to be instructed. 275
Mr. Polk to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Oct. 21 Same subject. Legation’s Oct. 18, 7 p.m. Enumerates certain conditions which the Minister is to propose to China in case a definite stand is taken that flour is included within the treaty stipulation forbidding export of grain. 275
1251 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. Oct. 31 Taxation of foreigners in China. Incloses copies of despatches from the Consul at Changsha, in regard to the collection of likin dues on foreign goods entering the city of Changsha. Also copy of Legation’s instruction. Requests such specific instructions as the Department may see fit to give upon consideration of this particular case. 233
1263 Same to same Nov. 13 Same subject. Incloses despatch from Hankow reporting that Kiukiang branch of Standard Oil Co. has reverted to method of shipping its imports into province under the protection of transit-passes rather than under the pao-shang-piao system. Also copy of Legation’s reply. 236
529 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch. Nov. 25 Same subject. Legation’s No. 1215. Department can not fully approve Legation’s instructions of Aug., 1916, on subject of “99 Mercantile Tax”. Suggests to instruct Hankow that Legation is prepared to protest, in reliance upon said interpretation placed upon pao-shang-piao tax by Governor of Kiangsi. 238
532 Same to same Dec. 6 Same subject. Legation’s 1251, Oct. 31, 1916. Department approves action of Consul Johnson and Legation’s instruction to him. Bring matter to the attention of the Foreign Office in case Consul Johnson should not succeed with local authorities. 238
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 29 Railway concessions. Inquires whether American International Corporation communicated to the Department the outcome of pourparlers with Russian interests. Has requested Foreign Office to take no action prejudicial to American interests pending receipt of further information. 160
[Page XXIV] Same to same (telegram). 1917 Jan. 2 Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Legation’s Dec. 29. Quotes telegram from American International Corporation to Carey Gregory favoring Japanese cooperation in canal project. Explains that great damage would result to American interests should the Chinese learn of the proposed Japanese cooperation. 207
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Jan. 3 Railways. Your Dec. 29, 7 p.m. Department has not been informed of result of pourparlers. Your action approved. 160
1328 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Incloses copy of note to Foreign Office requesting information as to attitude of Government in regard to the “Pin-Hei” contract with respect to rights granted American group under preliminary agreement of Oct. 6, 1909, concerning Chinchou-Aigun railway. Reasons for note. 160
1331 Same to same do Same subject. Incloses copy of agreement for the construction of a railway from Ssupingkai to Chengchiatun, concluded Dec. 27, 1915, between Chinese Government and Yokohama Specie Bank. Copy of note to Foreign Office requesting information concerning such contract. Reasons for. 161
1330 do do Taxation of foreigners in China. Incloses translation of a note received from the Foreign Office on the matter of extension of operation of the stamp tax. Makes inquiry with reference to certain statements contained in the Chinese note. 239
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Jan. 4 Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Legation’s Dec. 29 and Jan. 2. Corporation declares it has no desire to displease China. Straight to confer with Department. 207
Same to same (telegram). Jan. 8 Same subject. Straight states that corporation not committed to cooperation with Japan in canal project but impossible to finance scheme while Japan protests. Department expressed desire that the project remain solely American. Cooperation in some other enterprise would be welcomed. 207
[Page XXV]1337 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. Jan. 10 Financial affairs. Major portion of future American loans to be used for the establishment of an industrial bank. Discusses organization of such bank, its scope and the character of security to be given for loans required to establish it. 114
Same to same (telegram). Jan. 11 Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Department’s Jan. 8. Corporation has instructed its representative here to secure Chinese approval of Japanese participation in canal project. 208
do Jan. 12 Railways. Department’s Jan. 8. Have suggested to Japanese Minister possibility of cooperation between American and Japanese interests in the construction of railways in Manchuria. Recalled the existence of American rights in that regard. 170
do Jan. 13 Financial affairs. President and Minister of Finance have a desire to create a strong industrial bank, devoting to it greater part of proceeds of Chicago loan now being negotiated. Such a project offers means of assisting economic development of China along sound lines. 115
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). do Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Legation’s Jan. 11. Canal cooperation is matter between bankers and not between Governments of United States and Japan. Question should be left entirely to China. Legation should express no opinion for or against. 208
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 15 Financial affairs. Reports manifestations of an attempt covertly to abridge American opportunities and to make American action dependent on Japan. 116
Same to same (telegram). Jan. 16 Discrimination against American exporters in China. Department’s Oct. 21. Chinese Government takes the position that the exportation of million bags of flour is an exception, being for the relief of Chinese residents abroad. Asks views of Department as to advisability of certain action to be taken. 276
[Page XXVI]1348 Same to same Jan. 16 Same subject. Transmits copies of correspondence concerning the exportation of flour by certain Chinese merchants in exception to the treaty stipulations. Discontinuance of practice can not be had without pressure being brought to bear on Government. 276
Mr. Guthrie to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 18 Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Chinese Minister said that joint participation in loans by Japanese and American financiers might be favorably considered because in that way China could have more assurance that political advantages would not be sought through them. 208
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Legation’s January 11. Chinese authorities unwilling to entertain proposal. Corporation hopes that Chinese authorities will agree to issue of part of bonds at Tokyo. 209
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Jan. 19 Discrimination against American exporters in China. Based on stand Chinese Government, that exportation grain products forbidden by treaty; take position outlined in Legation’s January 16. 283
558 Same to same do Application of the most favored nation clause. The United States is justified in maintaining that rights granted to Japan in Manchuria accrue to the benefit of American citizens by virtue of the most favored nation clause. 287
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 22 Railways. Reply of Japanese Minister to suggestion of possible cooperation between Japanese and American capitalists in construction of railways in Manchuria. 170
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Guthrie (telegram). do Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Embassy’s Jan. 18, Japanese Government is pressing American International Corporation for an interest in the contract for the improvement of Grand Canal in China. China unwilling but corporation hopes to obtain consent to issue part of bonds at Tokyo with Americans retaining entire management. 209
[Page XXVII] Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 23 Financial affairs. A rumor is being circulated to the effect that Chicago loan contract provides for such an option as would exclude all other American interests from making loans to China. Requests information which would enable him to make denial or explanation. 116
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Guthrie (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes telegram of Jan. 15, from Minister Reinsch. 116
Same to same (telegram). do Railways. Japanese Minister at Peking favors general cooperation of American and Japanese interests in construction of railways in Manchuria but owing to Japan’s special position in Manchuria defers until later further consideration of proposal. 170
Department memorandum. Jan. 25 Financial affairs. Memorandum of a conversation had with the Japanese Ambassador concerning cooperation between Americans and Japanese in China. 117
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). do Same subject. Your Jan. 23. Chicago contract grants option on additional loan up to $25,000,000, but option limited to 60 days from date of application for such additional loan. 118
Mr. Guthrie to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 27 Same subject. Japanese Minister for Foreign Affairs privately expressed the desire to promote cooperation between American and Japanese financial and business interests in loan for the industrial development of China. 118
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Guthrie (telegram). do Railways. In reply to inquiry Japanese Ambassador informed that American Government had no objection to cooperation between American and Japanese interests but could not approve coercion of China. America recognizes Japanese special interests in Manchuria but not in Shantung. 171
Mr. Guthrie to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 28 Financial affairs. This morning’s Times contains interview with Baron Shibusawa following lines of Motono’s suggestion to me and advocating cooperation between Japan and American interests in China. 119
Mr. Sato to Mr. Lansing. Jan. 29 Same subject. Extract from an address of Viscount Motono dealing with American relations and Japan’s interests in China. 119
[Page XXVIII]1368 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. Jan. 30 Railways. Transmits copy of the answer of the Japanese Minister to the request made for information concerning agreement for the construction of a railway from Ssupingkai to Chengchiatun, concluded Dec. 27, 1915, between Chinese Government and Yokohama Specie Bank. Copy of note in reply. 171
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Guthrie (telegram). Jan. 31 Financial affairs. Department’s Jan. 27, substantially answered your telegrams of Jan. 27 and Jan. 28. Department noted with pleasure the friendly sentiments towards. America expressed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs in his speech to the Diet. Department approves your statement of this Government’s attitude towards participation by American financiers in loans by consortium. 121
1370 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. do Railways. Minister of Communications has assigned an additional alignment of railway to the Siems-Carey Co., under its contract of May 17, 1916. Outlines route. 173
1367 Same to same do Demands of Japan upon China. Incloses papers relating to the adjustment of the Chengchiatun affair. 247
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 1 Railways. An additional line from Chowkia Kow to Siang Yang has been assigned Siems-Carey Co. under its contract. 174
do Feb. 2 Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Japanese newspapers publish report from New York that Americans have no objection to making canal work a joint enterprise but that Chinese object. Chinese papers consider that Americans are guilty of a breach of trust. Corporation should immediately publish true facts. 209
Mr. Guthrie to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 3 Financial affairs. Contents of your Jan. 31, communicated to Minister for Foreign Affairs. He again expressed his determination to promote cooperation in business loans in China and said that he had heard of no protests made to China against negotiations with American interests. 122
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Feb. 5 Same subject. Japanese Minister for Foreign Affairs on Feb. 3 stated to Guthrie that he had heard of no protests made to China against negotiations for American loan. 122
[Page XXIX] The American International Corporation to its representative at Peking (telegram). Feb. 5 Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Gives the true facts concerning the proposed Japanese participation in the canal improvements. Directs that they be published. 210
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Feb. 9 Same subject. Legation’s Feb. 2. See International Corporation’s telegram of Feb. 5 to their Peking representative. 210
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Financial affairs. Department’s Feb. 5. Upon renewed inquiry I find that the action of Japanese Minister and banker was as reported in my Jan. 15. 122
1382 Same to same Feb. 12 Railways. Transmits a note from the Foreign Office advising of the designation of a line from Chou Chia K’ou to Hsiang Yang for construction under terms of the Siems-Cary Co.’s contract. 174
567 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch. Feb. 13 Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of despatch No. 1328 of Jan. 3, 1917. Approves note’ sent to Foreign Office in reply. 175
568 Same to same do Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of despatch No. 1331 of Jan. 3, 1917. Approves of notes sent to Foreign Office on Oct. 13, 1916 and Jan. 3, 1917. 175
1383 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. do Financial affairs. Transmits copies of report submitted to the Cabinet by the managing director of the Bank of Communications, advising of the conclusion of Japanese loan. 122
1386 Same to same do Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Attitude of Chinese press towards Japanese participation in the Grand Canal contract. Action of International Corporation has had injurious effect upon standing of American business men. 210
1387 do do Discrimination against American exporters in China. Department’s Jan. 19. Incloses copy of note sent to Foreign Office concerning the discrimination against American interests in matter of flour export. 283
569 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch. Feb. 14 Taxation of foreigners in China. Legation’s No. 1330 of Jan. 3. Reference in the note of Dec. 26, 1916, from the Minister of Foreign Affairs, relates to Department’s instruction No. 90 of May 4, 1914, to the Legation. 240
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 15 Financial affairs. Chinese Government is anxious to have Chicago loan negotiations completed. Requests information concerning prospects of the loan. 124
[Page XXX]1394 Same to same Feb. 17 Railways. Incloses copy of personal note from the Japanese Chargé together with copy of Chinese text of note from the Wai Chiao Pu to the Japanese Legation embodying a “General provisional railway loan agreement” relating to Manchuria. 176
1396 do do Regulations for the suppression of the liquor traffic in Northern Manchuria. Incloses copy of note from the Foreign Office asking that the regulations be made applicable to American citizens. 288
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Feb. 21 Financial affairs. Your Feb. 15. Bankers insist on four months extension of option and state impossible now to make advance. Urge extension of option and telegraph result. 124
574 Same to same Feb. 23 Discrimination against American exporters in China. Acknowledges Legation’s No. 1348 of Jan. 10. Department’s Jan. 19, authorized Legation to proceed in manner suggested in Legation’s Jan. 16. 284
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 26 Financial affairs. Department’s Feb. 21. With regard to Chicago loan Minister of Finance, though unwilling to extend exclusive option, is ready to continue negotiations for a reasonable time to allow representatives of bank to inform themselves. 125
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Mar. 3 Same subject. Your Feb. 26. John Jay Abbott with one other bank official will sail for China, Mar. 15, with full powers to conduct negotiations. 125
1408 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 6 Railways. Requests more specific instructions in connection with Department’s Jan. 27, particularly with respect to the statement “the Department recognizes that Japan has special interests in Manchuria”. Gives his understanding of the matter. 182
American Group to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 8 Financial affairs. Incloses copy of cable from London in which American group is invited to reenter the Chinese loan negotiations. Gives reasons which prompt American group to favorably consider the matter. 126
[Page XXXI] Continental and Commercial Trust & Savings Bank to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 14 Same subject. Requests an extension of time until June 15 in which to send representatives to China to make full investigation and conduct negotiations. Asks that Department take question up with American Minister to China. 128
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reynold. Mar. 15 Same subject. Chinese Minister has informed Department that he telegraphed Mr. Abbott that extension had been granted. 128
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 26 Political affairs. General dissatisfaction prevails. Reasons for. Probability of renewed revolution. 46
Same to same (telegram). Apr. 3 Railways. According to French Minister the Chinese Government, Sept. 26, 1914, assured him that French capitalists would be given preference in any future railway or mining enterprises in the Province of Kwangsi. Is such a secret note to operate to defeat contractual rights obtained in due form? 183
Mr. Wheeler to Mr. Lansing. Apr. 4 Demands of Japan upon China. Incloses translation of the notes exchanged between Japan and China with regard to the Chengchiatung affair. 254
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Apr. 5 Financial affairs. Reported here that Japanese Government has inquired of China concerning Chicago loan and is not satisfied with reply. Telegraph facts. 129
Mr. Lansing to the American Group. do Same subject. Matter of your letter of Mar. 8 is having careful consideration. 129
Mr. Stone to Mr. Lansing. do Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Chinese authorities and American Minister have been apparently misinformed concerning arrangement made between American International Corporation and the Industrial Bank of Japan. Explains the arrangement and requests Department to bring matter to the attention of the American Minister. 211
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Discrimination against American exporters in China. Revenue Council has issued instructions permitting foreign and Chinese merchants to export flour on payment of 40 cents Mexican per bag. 284
[Page XXXII]1442 Same to same Apr. 6 Same subject. Incloses copy of letter from Inspector General of Customs to Chinese Secretary of Legation setting forth terms on which export of flour may be made by Chinese or foreign merchants. 284
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Apr. 7 Railways. Legation’s April 3. Authorizes to take position as stated. 184
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Apr. 10 Financial affairs. Department’s April 5. Japanese inquired of Dr. Koo as to the nature of Abbott’s visit to China. Was told that it was for purposes of information. 129
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). do Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Legation’s Mar. 31. International corporation’s, explanation of the arrangement with the Industrial Bank of Japan. Department recognizes no special rights of Germany or Japan in Shantung but fears that Japanese opposition might prevent flotation of the required loan. 214
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Apr. 13 Railways. States time inopportune to take up Kwangsi question as proposed in Legation’s Apr. 3. Suggests Department take up with the Entente Powers the question of renewal of the declaration of adherence to the principle of equality of opportunity. 184
1451 Same to same Apr. 14 Same subject. Legation’s Apr. 13. Incloses translation of letter from French Minister and reply thereto, in regard to French claim of priority in matter of railway and mining enterprises in Province of Kwangsi. Also translation of note of Sept. 26, 1914, from the Wai Chiao Pu to the French Legation. 185
1455 do do Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Reports further on the unfavorable impression created by the action of the International Corporation in the matter of the Canal contract. 215
601 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch. do Regulations for the suppression of the liquor traffic in Northern Manchuria. The American Government accepts the regulations as applicable to American citizens. 291
[Page XXXIII]600 Same to same Apr. 16 Railways. Legation’s No. 1408 of Mar. 6, 1917. “Special interests” of Japan, in view of the Department, are understood as confined to those specific rights and privileges which were obtained by the Japanese Government from China and from Russia by way of international agreement. 187
1458 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. Apr. 19 Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Opinion of American Minister sought by Chinese officials concerning advisability of Japanese participation in canal enterprise. Minister’s reply. Reasons for position taken. 215
24 Mr. Baker to Mr. Lansing. do Demands of Japan upon China. Japanese have withdrawn their troops which were stationed between Ssupingkai and Cheng-chiatun. Every article of the agreement has finally been complied with and the incident is now closed. 258
Mr. Jusserand to Mr. Lansing. Apr. 21 Railways. Informs that any concession to the American group to construct railways across Kwangsi would be in contravention of a formal agreement made by the Chinese Government with France on Sept. 26, 1914. 187
1843 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jusserand. May 1 Same subject. Answer to the French Embassy’s note of Apr. 21 188
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). May 11 Political affairs. President resists move of Prime Minister to dissolve Parliament. Hired mob assailed halls of Parliament. Suggested a declaration of renewed assurance of Chinese integrity and abstention from seeking territorial and preferential rights to the French, British, and Japanese representatives. Seeks Department’s approval of action taken. 46
1492 Same to same do Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Forwards translation of despatch from National Conservancy Bureau to the Governor of Anhui in connection with Huai River conservancy work. Anhui Assembly has passed resolutions to effect that provinces of Kiangsu and Anhui should separately carry out conservancy work, and that no foreign loans should be contracted, 216
[Page XXXIV] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). May 14 Political affairs. Your May 11. Your action approved. 47
612 Same to same May 18 Railways. Acknowledges receipt of No. 1451 of Apr. 14. Approves action taken. 189
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). May 23 Political affairs. All but one Minister resigned last week. President issued mandate relieving Prime Minister, appointing Wu Ting Fang acting Premier. After selection of new Cabinet decision in favor of war is likely. 47
Mr. Jusserand to Mr. Lansing. May 27 Railways. Department’s May 1. The pledge given to France by the Chinese Government is but the confirmation of the provisions of Art. V of the Convention of June 20, 1895. Believes agreement in no way conflicts with the “open door” policy. 189
The American Group to Mr. Lansing. May 29 Financial affairs. Would appreciate any expression of opinion concerning proposal for a supplementary reorganization loan. 129
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). May 30 Political affairs. Certain military governors threaten to sever relations with Central Government unless Parliament is dissolved. Governor Changshun will send a delegate to Peking to mediate. 47
Mr. Wheeler to Mr. Lansing (telegram). June 1 Same subject. A number of newspapers editorially charge the American Government with being behind the retirement of General Tuan. 48
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. June 2 Same subject. Entire northern military party united against President and threatens coercion. 48
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). do Financial affairs. Telegraph briefly status of loan negotiations between Abbott and Chinese Government. 130
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). June 4 Same subject. Department’s June 2. Gives results of Abbott’s negotiations with the Chinese Government. 130
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Do Political affairs. The American Government is deeply interested in the maintenance by China of one central Government and expresses the hope that China in her own interest will immediately set aside her factional political disputes. 48
[Page XXXV]2313 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Sharp (telegram). do Same subject. Proposes that an identic representation be made by the Governments of the United States, France, Great Britain, and Japan to the Chinese Government, expressing regret for the factional discord that has arisen and that the maintenance by China of one united, responsible government is of the first importance to China and the world. (Same to London and Tokyo.) 49
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Wheeler (telegram). June 5 Same subject. Your June 1. Department gave to correspondent of Nichi Nichi a statement denying all charges which you quote from that and other papers. 49
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Transmits a message for the Foreign Office to be delivered to the Chinese Minister at Washington, which informs of a revolution started by some generals for selfish aims and instructs to request President Wilson to make a public statement supporting President. 50
Mr. Page to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s June 4. Final answer promised after conference. China’s entry into war considered of very great importance. Reasons. 50
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. The Minister for Foreign Affairs asks that President make a pubic statement earnestly supporting President Li Yuan Hung as constitutional chief to whom all western nations look for safety of their interests in China. 50
1525 Same to same do Same subject. Incloses a copy of a declaration of the President’s policy issued May 31. Describes the activities of the military governors and the inaction of the President. 51
1521 Same to same do Financial affairs. Incloses a duplicate original of an agreement between the Government of China and Mr. Abbott. Also a copy of a memorandum of the representation made in connection with the demand of the Continental and Commercial Bank that the matter of security for its loan be straightened out. 130
[Page XXXVI] Mr. Lansing to the American Group. June 6 Same subject. Your letters of Mar. 8 and May 29. It is impossible because of political conditions in China to make a definite statement outlining a policy in connection with the matter of the reorganization loan. 134
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Political affairs. Provisional Government set up by military governors is distrusted by the people in general because of its reactionary tendencies. Military clique have used China’s participation in the war as a pawn in Chinese domestic politics. 54
64 Mr. Heintzleman to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Incloses a copy of despatch No. 23 sent to the Legation, which gives the attitude of the Cantonese on the war policy and the movement in the North against the Central Government. 56
4946 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Page (telegram). June 7 Same subject. American Government appreciates importance of China’s entrance into the war but believes that this should not take place at the expense of the existence of the Republic. 57
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). June 8 Same subject. Department’s June 4. By the use of the words “with the form of Government” Department had in mind the present strife in China over organization and relation of various branches of government and not the difference between a republic and a monarchy 57
Mr. Wheeler to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s June 4. Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs expressed surprise that the American Minister had communicated with the Chinese Government in the sense of the proposed identic representation before Japanese Government had replied to our proposal. 58
Same to same (telegram). June 9 Same subject. Press to-day shows general irritation at the communication made by Reinsch to China which is viewed as interference in the latter’s internal politics. 58
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Sharp (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s June 4. The Department hopes for cooperation of French Government as proposed. Reasons why identic representations by the United States, France, Great Britian, and Japan urging the need of an amicable adjustment of difficulties is deemed expedient. (Same telegram to the American Embassies at London and Tokyo.) 58
[Page XXXVII] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Wheeler (telegram). June 9 Same subject. Your June 8. Action of the American Minister at Peking was taken before the proposal for identic notes by the Powers and is not considered here as anticipating or preventing such cooperation. 59
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. General situation is favorable to compromise. War question has given way to purely factional and personal rivalries. General Changhsun demands immediate dissolution of Parliament. Presence of his notorious troops at Peking threatens disturbances. 59
Same to same (telegram). June 11 Same subject. Japanese Minister gives insight into Japanese policy in China. Japanese press regards the American note as an intervention in Chinese affairs. 60
Mr. Wheeler to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s June 9. Japanese Government misunderstood the intention of American Government in the matter. Gives alleged text appearing in Asahi of the American note to China. Wishes authority to issue formal and complete denials. 60
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Wheeler (telegram). June 12 Same subject. Your June 11. Alleged American note published by the Asahi is in toto a false representation. Make denials. 61
Mr. Wheeler to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Discussion editorially of the alleged note by newspapers. 61
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Propaganda of Japanese newspapers in China against the United States. 62
633 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch. do Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Acknowledges receipt of despatch No. 1458 of April 19. Approves action taken. 218
Same to same (telegram). June 13 Political affairs. Your June 12. Department has authorized denials of certain false statements appearing in Japanese newspapers. Department assumes you have taken similar steps. 62
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. President prevailed upon to dissolve Parliament. 63
Mr. Wheeler to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Complete text of the note to China published here to-day for first time. Comment shows decided betterment of feeling. Foreign Office working to this end. 63
[Page XXXVIII] Same to same (telegram. June 14 Same subject. All papers to-day-publish complete denial officially given out by Foreign Office of Asahi text. Newspapers believed to have been cautioned to refrain from further comment on the American note. 63
1533 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Gives résumé of the political situation from May 14 to June 14. 63
773 Mr. Wheeler to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Gives the reasons which prompted the unanimous outburst of criticism of the American note to China. Believes no further agitation will be permitted. 68
Mr. Sato to Mr. Lansing. do Lansing-Ishii Notes. Advises the Department of coming of Ishii Mission. 258
Same to same June 15 Claim of Japan to special and close relations with China. Memorandum of an oral communication on this subject. Requests that the United States confirm the statement of the Secretary of State of Mar. 13, 1915. 259
6470 Mr. Page to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Political affairs. Gives extract of memorandum from the British Foreign Office concerning the proposed identic note to China. 71
Mr. Sato to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Japanese Government deems the moment as inopportune for sending the proposed identic note to China. 71
Mr. Wheeler to Mr. Lansing (telegram). June 17 Same subject. In reply to interpellation from the Budget Committee of Peers and Representatives, Minister for Foreign Affairs said that Japan and Britain were not of a mind with the United States as to the proposed identic note to China and that there was reason to believe that France would concur in their views. 72
Mr. Sharp to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Gives translation of a note received from the Foreign Office in reply to Department’s note concerning the proposed identic note to China. 73
Mr. Wheeler to Mr. Lansing (telegram). June 18 Same subject. The Japanese Ambassador at Washington reports that the Secretary of State expressed himself as quite in accord with the deep sense of the Japanese memorandum of June 15, 1917. 73
Same to same (telegram). do Claim of Japan to special and close relations with China. Has received copy of memorandum handed to Department by Ambassador Sato on the 15th. 259
[Page XXXIX] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Wheeler (telegram). June 19 Political Affairs. Japan and Britain decline to send proposed identic note. France has not replied. Japanese Government requests the American Government to confirm Mr. Bryan’s statement that American activity in China was never political and wishes his assurance of a friendly attitude towards Japan in respect to Chinese problems repeated. Department will inform you of its reply. (Same telegram to the American Minister at Peking.) 73
6426 Mr. Page to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Incloses reply of the British Government to the Department’s proposal of an identic note to China. Proposal not accepted. 74
5456 Mr. Sharp to Mr. Lansing. June 20 Same subject. Incloses a copy of a note from the French Foreign Office in answer to the Department’s proposal of an identic note to China. 75
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). June 22 Same subject. Certain military governors have canceled declaration of independence of their provinces. New Cabinet not yet formed. 76
32 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Saito. do Lansing-Ishii Notes. Acknowledges receipt of his note of the 14th instant. 260
Same to same (telegram). June 23 Political affairs. Reports indicate that the American note has been effective in putting before the several parties and sections the necessity of national unity predisposing them to make a compromise. 77
do June 25 Same subject. Department’s June 19. Points out that Mr. Bryan could never have admitted the implications that follow from the claim of the Japanese Government to special political and economic interest in China. 77
do June 26 Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Question has arisen whether or not final signature, by authority of the President and Cabinet, of the Grand Canal agreement on the basis of preliminary contract of April 1916 but with important changes would be considered valid in the absence of parliamentary ratification. Asks views of Department. 219
[Page XL] Same to same (telegram). June 27 Political affairs. Legation’s June 25. Suggests that, as Department’s note carries the assurance that American influence is to be used in a friendly manner and not obstructive to Japanese interests, similar reciprocal frank treatment of American interests in China seems called for from Japan. 78
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Wheeler (telegram). June 29 Same subject. In reply to the message received from Viscount Motono, you are instructed to say that the Secretary of State shares his ardent desire for the establishment of a strong tie of mutual confidence between the two countries. 78
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). July 1 Same subject. Moves made to restore the monarchy. 79
Mr. Sammons to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Southern Chinese declare intention to resist by force reported Manchu monarchical restoration. 79
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Constitutional monarchy set up. Cabinet appointed. 79
Mr. Sammons to Mr. Lansing (telegram). July 2 Same subject. Naval vessels ordered to Chinwangtao to remove President Li if necessary. Tendency in South to establish republic if monarchy restored in North. 80
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Coup d’état appears personal act of Changshun. Not approved by many leaders even in North. Armed resistance is likely. 80
Mr. Sammons to Mr. Lansing (telegram). July 3 Same subject. Vice President Feng and all local military and naval forces here agreed to oppose monarchy. 80
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). do Same subject. Does situation require increased protection of Americans in ports? 80
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Wheeler (telegram). do Same subject. Seeks views of Japanese Government concerning protection of foreign residents in China. 80
1549 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Incloses copies of various edicts issued in name of Emperor. Discusses coup d’etat and attempted restoration of monarchy. 81
1557 Same to same do Same subject. Gives a résumé of the political situation from May 23 to July 3. 83
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). do Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Department can not undertake responsibility of passing on constitutional question raised in your June 26. Interested citizens should consult private legal counsel. 219
[Page XLI] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Ishii. July 6 Claim of Japan to special and close relations with China. Quotes a part of Mr. Bryan’s declaration of 1915 with respect to Chino-Japanese relations; states policy of this Government remains unchanged, and that it can not recognize any “paramount” interest or right of any country to extend political influence over China. 260
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Political affairs. Troops of Chang-shun retreating. Changshun suggests mediation. City orderly but nervous. Extra guard called from Tientsin still on way. 85
Mr. Wheeler to Mr. Lansing (telegram). July 7 Same subject. Foreign Office believes immediate situation in China will be relieved without serious fighting. Failure of dynasty deemed imminent. Protection promised foreigners. 85
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s July 3. Japanese Government considers reenforced legation guards capable at the present to afford ample protection. No antiforeign feature is involved. 85
do July 9 Same subject. Republican Government at Nanking has confirmed Feng Ku Chang and Tuan as President and Premier, respectively. Emperor and family to be banished. Changshun negotiating for guaranties of personal safety. 86
Mr. Polk to Mr. Wheeler (telegram). July 10 Claim of Japan to special and close relations with China. Quotes note from Japanese Ambassador in which he asks American Government for restatement of opinion with regard to Japanese interests in China in order to ease mind of Japanese public. 262
6714 Mr. Page to Mr. Lansing (telegram). July 12 Political affairs. Foreign Office states that no danger to the Foreign Legations and residents is anticipated. All possible precautions are being taken. Question of further precautions submitted to the Admiralty and Secretary of State for War. 86
51 Mr. Koo to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Feng Kuo Chang takes up the duties of President. 86
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram) July 13 Same subject. Republican troops attack Imperialists; Americans wounded; new Cabinet formed. 87
Mr. Sammons to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Seal of the President of China forwarded to Nankin for use of Vice President. 87
[Page XLII] Mr. Polk to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). July 14 Same subject. Report names American wounded; correct or confirm report execution of Prince Pulun. 87
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Railways. British Legation instructed to protest against construction of American railways in Hupeh and Hunan. Claim priority for British capital. 190
Same to same (telegram). July 17 Political affairs. Minister for Foreign Affairs communicates notification from Vice President Feng that he is acting as President. 87
do July 18 Same subject. Requests instructions as to attitude to be taken in reference to the surrender of Changshun, who has placed himself under the protection of the diplomatic body, and Kang Yu Wei who is hiding in the American Legation. 88
Mr. Polk to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). July 21 Same subject. Your July 18. Department desires to avoid interference with the proper administration of justice and unless assurance of asylum has been given, by the diplomatic body, as regards Chang, or by you, as regards Kang, you are instructed to deliver them upon demand. 88
Mr. Polk to Mr. Koo. do Same subject. Acknowledges the receipt of note of the 12th in which it was announced that the Vice President had assumed the duties of President. 88
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 3 Same subject. Cabinet has decided to declare war against Germany. Reasons for policy. Instructions requested relative to participation in conferences of Allied representatives concerning any action affecting the war. 89
Mr. Polk to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Aug. 4 Same subject. Instructs to be guided by policy of this Government as expressed in its note of June 4 to China. Participation in conferences of Allied Ministers concerning war matters not deemed advisable. 89
Mr. Jusserand to Mr. Lansing. do Financial affairs. Requests the views of the American Government concerning the Japanese proposal to admit a Belgian group into the China consortium. 134
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 6 Same subject. Chinese Government is desirous that American bankers participate in future consortium loans. Reasons why United States should cooperate in the consortium. 135
[Page XLIII] Same to same (telegram). Aug. 9 Political affairs. Chances for preservation of national unity are better. Separate provisional government, should it be formed, would also probably declare war against Germany. 90
1586 do do Same subject. Further details of the attempted Imperial restoration. 90
do do Railways. Legation’s July 14. British protest filed. Discusses British claim. Immediate completion of Hankow-Canton railway of vital importance. 190
1587 do Aug. 10 Political affairs. Restoration movement did not receive the support of the provinces. Peking authorities seem powerless to suppress the anarchy in Ssu’-chuan. 98
663 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch. Aug. 14 Claim of Japan to special and close relations with China. Transmits copy of Department’s July 6 to Japanese Ambassador in reply to the latter’s oral representations on June 15, of which he gives substance. (Same to the Embassy at Tokyo.) 263
Same to same (telegram). Aug. 16 Political affairs. Telegraph to what proportions opposition to Peking Government has grown. 98
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 21 Same subject. Department’s Aug. 16. No other Government has been organized in the South, although attempts to assemble Parliament at Canton continue. Fighting between North and South is not considered likely. 99
Mr. Barclay to Mr. Lansing. do Financial affairs. British Government views with alarm the requests of Chinese Government for several large loans. Intends to point out to the Chinese Government that Chinese financial situation ought shortly to improve. Suggests that American Government do likewise. 136
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Aug. 22 Same subject. Gives résumé of the memorandum of Aug. 21 from the British Chargé. Instructs to inform the Department of any action taken and to point out to the Chinese Government, if consulted, the inadvisability of incurring heavy financial obligations at present. 137
[Page XLIV] Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 22 Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Pan Fu, who negotiated Canal agreement, has resigned and will leave office in a few days. Unless agreement is at once concluded Legation and Carey fear long negotiations with the new director may become necessary. 219
Same to same (telegram). do Political affairs. Eighteen provinces have accepted the plan of a provisional national council of five members from each province which is to complete the constitution and parliamentary election law. 99
1592 Same to same Aug. 23 Same subject. Names factors which oppose the success of the efforts to reassemble Parliament and to set up a provisional government at Canton. 99
1598 do Aug. 24 Same subject. Reports on the reception accorded the note of June 5, deploring the internal dissension in China and urging the necessity for national unity. 100
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Spring Rice. do Financial affairs. Your memorandum of August 21. Department shares the views of the British Government and has instructed the American Minister to say to the Chinese Government, if he should be consulted, that the American Government considers the time inopportune for the assumption of such heavy financial liabilities. 137
Same to same do Railways. Gives views of American Government regarding preference claimed by British interests in matter of railroad building in the Provinces of Hupeh and Hunan. 191
1928 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jusserand. do Same subject. Acknowledges the receipt of French Legation’s note of May 27. Says provisions of Art. V of Convention of June 20, 1895 has reference only to mines. In opinion of American Government the agreement in question does conflict with the “open door” policy. 192
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Aug. 25 Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Legation’s Aug. 22. Corporation will instruct representative to sign if such action is not in conflict with our policy. Are Chinese acting freely in authorizing cooperation? Has your opinion as to that provision of contract changed? How long will Pan Fu remain in office? What prospect is there of assembling a new Parliament? 219
[Page XLV] Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 28 Financial affairs. Department’s Aug. 22. British Chargé has misconceived the situation. Indemnity payments have not been postponed; customs duties have not been raised to 5 per cent. 138
2696 Same to same (telegram). Aug. 29 Political affairs. Acting President Feng is now favoring early election as means of conciliating South. 102
do Aug. 30 Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Department’s Aug. 25. Initiative taken by corporation in admitting Japanese under existing conditions left the Chinese no choice. They are now reconciled to Japanese financial participation. Advisable to immediately conclude the agreement subject to parliamentary ratification. Pan out of office but willing to help. 220
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Stone. do Same subject. Forwards paraphrase of telegram sent on Aug. 25, to the American Minister at Peking in regard to the Grand Canal contract and a paraphrase of the Minister’s reply of Aug. 30. 220
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 31 Railways. Submits for Department’s consideration reasons why American Government should do its utmost to make possible the completion of the Canton-Hankow railway. Makes certain proposals. 194
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Lansing. Sept. 3 Political affairs. In a memorandum to the Foreign Office, Japanese Government advocates the support of the Central Government and the withholding of encouragement to its opponents. British Government has expressed its readiness to adhere to such a policy. 102
Mr. Sato to Mr. Lansing. Sept. 4 Same subject. Suggests that all the foreign Powers lend their support to the Peking Government. 103
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Spring Rice. Sept. 6 Same subject. Department has received a similar memorandum from the Japanese Ambassador and is disposed to favor in principle the proposals set forth therein. Department also suggests that principal Powers at war with Germany confer as to the best method to aid the Central Government of China. 103
[Page XLVI] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Sato. Sept. 6 Same subject. The American Government shares in principle the views expressed in the memorandum of Sept. 4. It is also of opinion that principal Powers at war with Germany ought to confer as to the best method of supporting the Central Government of China. 104
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Sept. 7 Financial affairs. Minister of Finance to begin on Monday next negotiations with representatives of Consortium for a loan for the purpose of currency reform. 138
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). do Railways. Legation’s Aug. 31. Suggestion receiving consideration. Instructs to state specific proposal mentioned. 195
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Lansing. Sept. 8 Same subject. Department’s Memorandum of Aug. 30. British Government regrets that régime of specific areas earmarked for enterprise of specific countries has taken place of régime of free railway construction, but considers it would be a mistake not to recognize such to be the case. Would welcome cooperation of British and American interests in the exploitation of certain British concessions. 195
5399 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Page (telegram). do Financial affairs. Quotes a communication which the Department is sending to British Embassy with reference to the loans sought by China. Directs to ascertain whether the British Government has found reason to modify its attitude toward the proposed loan. 138
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Lansing. Sept. 9 Same subject. Department’s Sept. 8. Explains that Mr. Balfour had suggested American participation in any advances to China in case the proposed representations to the Chinese Government proved of no avail. 139
Mr. Stone to Mr. Lansing. Sept. 10 Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Requests that attached telegrams providing for the signing of the Canal contract be sent to the American Legation at Peking for transmission to their respective destinations. 220
7150 Mr. Page to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Sept. 11 Financial affairs. Department’s Sept. 8. Foreign Office claims to know nothing of the proposed loan. Expresses tentatively agreement with Department’s views. Will give definite answer after communicating with Legation at Peking. 140
[Page XLVII] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Sept. 13 Same subject. Chinese Minister on behalf of his Government has requested a loan for $100,000,000. Matter receiving consideration. 140
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Stone. Sept. 14 Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Acknowledges letter of Sept. 10. Cables have been sent. Department always anxious to assist Americans in their foreign enterprises provided such undertakings have no political object and involve no entanglement in the affairs of the country where investment is made. 222
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Sept. 15 Financial affairs. Department’s Sept. 13. Requests no commitment be made in regard to the proposed loan until consideration has been given his report in course of preparation. 140
Same to same (telegram) Sept. 16 Same subject. Department’s 13. Gives views on advancing money to the Chinese Government. 140
7201 Mr. Page to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Sept. 19 Same subject. My 7150, Sept. 11. Matter of loan for currency reform has not gone beyond stage of informal discussion. British Government has not modified views as set forth in memorandum of Aug. 21, to the Secretary of State. 141
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Sept. 20 Same subject. Your Sept. 7. Loan to China now under consideration by the American Government is intended as a substitute for the consortium loan now under consideration in Peking. 142
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Spring Rice. do Railways. Memorandum of Sept. 8, from the British Embassy. American Government does not admit that such a change has taken place. Suggests that British Government join with the United States in an effort to secure a more faithful observance of the “open door” policy. 197
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Sept. 24 Financial affairs. Department’s Sept. 20. Independent financial assistance to China will meet the fundamental needs of the situation. Gives reasons why greatest care should be used. 142
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Sept. 25 Same subject. British Government has not modified the views communicated to you in Department’s August 22. 143
1634 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. Sept. 27 Political affairs. Sets forth factors in the exceedingly complicated situation in South China. 104
[Page XLVIII]681 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch. Sept. 27 Railways. Department’s 612 of May 18. Incloses copies of correspondence between French Embassy and Department concerning construction of railways across the Province of Kuangsi. 198
683 Same to same do Same subject. Transmits copies of certain correspondence had with the British Government relating to the construction of railways in the Province of Hupeh. 199
1645 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. Sept. 28 Financial affairs. A memorandum on the financial situation. 144
Same to same (telegram). Oct. 1 Political affairs. Mandates issued providing for revision and enactment of laws concerning parliamentary organization and elections, early convocation of Parliament, investigation of certain members of Provisional Government and extraordinary Parliament in session at Canton. 106
357 The British Embassy to Mr. Lansing. Oct. 3 Financial affairs. His Majesty’s Government considers further efforts to persuade the Chinese Government to abandon the loan project as useless and would welcome American participation in any advancements to China. 144
Same to same Oct. 8 Same subject. Japanese have asked the British Government to instruct the British group with a view to facilitating the loan negotiations in cooperation with the other groups. British Government proposes to so instruct the British group. Asks whether American group will participate. 145
1661 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. Oct. 9 Same subject. Incloses copies of agreement signed Aug. 28, 1917, for an advance of Yen 10,000,000 made by the Yokohama Specie Bank to the Chinese Government. 146
1658 Same to same do Political affairs. Incloses copies of mandates issued on Sept. 29 and mentioned in telegram of Oct. 1. 106
Same to same (telegram). Oct. 10 Railways. Legation’s Aug. 9. Has British Government expressed itself further concerning protest which is now delaying construction of the American railway in Hunan, Hupeh? 199
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Oct. 11 Same subject. Legation’s Oct. 10. Protest against construction of railway has not been withdrawn. Gives views of British Government and the answer of the Department thereto. 199
[Page XLIX] Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Oct. 11 Financial affairs. Minister of Finance has proposed loan to representatives of consortium. French and British banks seek further extension of option provided for in the currency loan which expires Oct. 14. Suggests that United States urge an extension. Gives reasons. 148
Same to same (telegram). Oct. 12 Same subject. My Oct. 11. Currency loan option has been extended six months. 149
1664 Same to same do Political affairs. Election of members of the National Council is proceeding; preparations for the election of the succeeding Parliament have also begun to be made. Other matters bearing on political situation. 107
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Oct. 13 Financial affairs. Your Oct. 11. Department is basing a claim to participation in any currency loan upon the whole history of the project. So inform the Chinese Government and ask that action be deferred until this Government has time to make representations. 149
1670 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. do Railways. Transmits copy of letter from Peking representative of the Banque de l’ Indo-Chine suggesting cooperation between American and French interests with view to securing relinquishment from the British group of its interest in Szechuan section of the Hukuang railways. Comments thereon. 200
1969 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jusserand. Oct. 16 Financial affairs. Acknowledges Embassy’s note of Aug. 4, 1917. Subject of note receiving careful consideration. Expression of opinion can not be given at this time. 150
1835 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Spring Rice. do Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of memoranda of Oct. 3 and Oct. 8. Matter receiving careful consideration. An opinion can not be expressed at this time. 150
1684 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. Oct. 26 Same subject. Incloses copies of an agreement for a loan of 20,000,000 yen made between the Bank of Communications and three Japanese banks, on Sept. 28, 1917. 150
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Stone. do Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Acknowledges receipt of telegram of Oct. 24. Telegram sent to American Minister at Peking as requested. 222
[Page L] Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Oct. 27 Same subject. Department’s Oct. 25. Carey wishes the following considerations brought to the attention of the corporation: Proposed advance is not a charge upon proceeds of Canal contract subject to parliamentary approval but a separate loan payable within a year; postponement of advance of funds would be disastrous to American interests. 223
1697 Same to same do Political affairs. Gives the gist of certain consular despatches dealing with the political situation in the disaffected provinces. 109
Same to same (telegram). Oct. 30 Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Legation’s Oct. 27. Urges Department to encourage corporation to advance the funds in their own and public interest. Reasons for such recommendation. 223
do Nov. 2 Financial affairs. Interest of the American Government greatly appreciated. Representatives of consortium instructed to proceed with negotiations for a second reorganization loan. Resolution adopted to invite American group to resume participation or designate some other American organization to succeed to its rights. Situation calls for early appointment of an American representative. 152
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). do Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Canal having corporation’s serious consideration. Decision will be communicated soon as possible. 224
Exchange of notes. do Lansing-Ishii notes. Text of notes exchanged. 264
Mr. Morris to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Reports proposed joint note confidentially given to other Ambassadors to communicate to their Governments. 265
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Nov. 4 Same subject. States he has learned of recognition by American Government of special Japanese interest in China and asks to be informed whether he should present to Chinese Government any explanation for such action. 265
Same to same (telegram). Nov. 5 Same subject. Foreign Office receives copy of American note to Ishii and is making inquiry. This Legation is embarrassed by lack of information. 266
[Page LI] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Morris (telegram). Nov. 5 Same subject. Quotes notes to be made public here on Nov. 6, and in Japan on Nov. 7. Quotes statement to be given to press upon publication of notes. 266
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes notes exchanged Nov. 2, 1917, and instructs him say to Foreign Office that recent agreement between United States and Japan was merely reaffirmation of “open door” policy. 268
1875 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Spring Rice. do Same subject. Incloses copies of notes exchanged between Japan and the United States on Nov. 2. Informs him dates on which they are to be published. (Same to the French, Italian, and Russian Ambassadors and the Belgian Minister.) 268
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Page (telegram). Nov. 6 Same subject. Quotes notes exchanged between himself and Viscount Ishii; also Department’s statement to press. Instructs him repeat to certain American Embassies and Legations. 269
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Morris (telegram). do Same subject. Department is informed that the Japanese Minister at Peking handed copies of the exchanged notes to the Chinese Foreign Office on Nov. 4 and that the notes were made public on Nov. 5. Instructs to request an investigation. 269
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Nov. 9 Financial affairs. Your Nov. 2, 1917. Proposal for American participation in Consortium being favorably considered. Will keep you informed of developments. 153
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Nov. 10 Same subject. Unless an immediate advance of £2,000,000 is obtained from the Consortium, the Chinese will seek the money from other sources. Danger of Japanese obtaining control of Bank of China and Bank of Communications. 153
Circular telegram do Lansing-Ishii Notes. Quotes note of Secretary of State to Viscount Ishii which latter confirmed verbatim; also Department’s statement to press for publicity. 270
Mr. Koo to Mr. Lansing. Nov. 12 Same subject. States Chinese Government will not allow herself to be bound by any agreement entered into by other nations. 270
[Page LII]7672 Mr. Page to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Nov. 12 Financial affairs. Department’s 5399, Sept. 8. British group has been instructed to accede to the Chinese Government’s request for an immediate advance of £2,000,000. Reasons for the decision. 153
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Nov. 14 Same subject. Your Nov. 2 and Nov. 10. London advises that Japanese desirous of having £2,000,000 advanced to rehabilitate Bank of China. British group instructed to consent to proposed advance. Department endeavoring to have American group participate. 154
49 Mr. Polk to Mr. Sato. Nov. 16 Lansing-Ishii Notes. Incloses copy of note from Chinese Minister of Nov. 12. 270
7 Mr. Morris to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Reports his arrival in Tokyo, and the attitude of the Japanese press and public in regard to the Japanese-American agreement. 271
1736 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. Nov. 19 Railways. Department’s 683, Sept. 27. Points out certain misconceptions in the memorandum of the British Ambassador of Sept. 7. 204
Mr. Jusserand to Mr. Lansing. do Financial affairs. Desires the designation of an American group. Gives instructions sent to French representative concerning the appointment of a Japanese financial adviser. 154
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Nov. 20 Same subject. Department’s Nov. 14. It is reported that French group offers no objection to proposed Japanese advance. If made aware of possible American participation, British and French would probably ask a postponement of the negotiations. 155
1741 Same to same do Same subject. Incloses copy of note to the Foreign Office in regard to American participation in any currency reform loan and the reply of the Government. 155
1749 Same to same do Political affairs. Threatened resignation of General Tuan Chi Jui and disruption of Cabinet. Military authority of Tuan defied in the provinces. Existence of National Council a negligible factor. 110
Same to same (telegram). Nov. 21 Same subject. Resignation of Prime Minister. Other Ministers expected to resign to-morrow. General Wang Shi Chen will become Prime Minister after arranging new Cabinet. 111
[Page LIII] Same to same (telegram). Nov. 21 Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Carey asks that certain facts concerning the Canal contract be communicated to the President of the International Corporation. 224
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Grand Canal contract signed yesterday subject to consent of Parliament. 225
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Morris (telegram). do Lansing-Ishii Notes. Requests answer to Department telegram of Nov. 6. 273
Same to same (telegram). Nov. 22 Same subject. Quotes declaration from Chinese Minister Nov. 12, and his comment in reply to it in which in substance he assures Chinese Government of good intentions of the United States. Instructs to repeat to Peking. 273
2838 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Sharp (telegram). do Financial affairs. Urges participation of French group in the initial advance of £2,000,000 to China. American group when organized might consider proposition to carry temporarily future participation of the French group. (Similar instructions to London.) 156
Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Nov. 23 Political affairs. Resignation of General Tuan accepted. Minister of Foreign Affairs designated temporary Premier. 111
J. P. Morgan & Co. to Mr. Lansing. do Railways. Incloses copy of a letter from the Peking Office of the International Banking Corporation, relative to future policy to be pursued on the Hukuang railways. Asks expression of Department’s opinion. 204
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Nov. 24 Financial affairs. Your Nov. 20. Department on Nov. 22 instructed Embassies at London and Paris to urge that British and French participate in the immediate advance of £2,000,000 to China. 157
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Baker. Nov. 26 Political affairs. Notifies War Department of proposed sale of bonds of the new revolutionary government in South China to unsuspecting public in Philippine Islands. 111
1757 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. do Railways. Supplements No. 1736 of Nov. 19. Incloses a translation of letter from Viceroy Chang Chih-tung to British Consul-General Fraser, under date of Sept. 9, 1905, embodying the assurance upon which the British protest against proposed construction by an American corporation of certain railways in Hupeh and Hunan is based. 205
[Page LIV]1759 Same to same Nov. 28 Huai River and Grand Canal conservancy project. Incloses copy of “The Chinese Government Grand Canal Improvement 7 per cent Gold Loan of 1917,” a contract between the International Corporation and the Republic of China dated Nov. 20, 1917. Also copy of endorsement of contract signed by Mr. Carey for the Corporation and Mr. Ono for the Industrial Bank of Japan. 225
Mr. Morris to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Lansing-Ishii Notes. Quotes letter from the Foreign Office giving result of investigation concerning premature publicity of the notes exchanged. 274
1788 Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing. Dec. 7 Political affairs. Hopes for speedy compromise between Northern and Southern leaders have been shattered. Military operations against the South to be continued with all energy. 112
1803 Same to same Dec. 17 Same subject. Reported that Southern military leaders are ready to resume complete allegiance to Central Government on condition that dissolved Parliament be reconvoked and the provisional constitution observed until promulgation of the permanent constitution. 113
Mr. Gest to Mr. Lansing. do Financial affairs. Requests to be advised of the attitude of the Department and that of the Treasury regarding the Lee, Higginson and Co. contract with the Chinese Government under date of Apr. 7, 1916. 157
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gest. do Same subject. Gives attitude of the Department and that of the Treasury Department concerning the Lee, Higginson and Co. contract with China. 158
2930 Mr. Sharp to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 21 Same subject. Your 2838, Nov. 22. French Government shares views of American Government. Has requested French group to submit a proposition of participation in the Japanese advance of £2,000,000. 158
8038 Mr. Page to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Your 5876. Matter of currency loan to China has been submitted to Treasury. 159
[Page LV] Mr. Reinsch to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 28 Same subject. Representative of Japanese Group has been instructed to promise the Chinese Government advance of £2,000, 000 to support note issue of Bank of China. A more adequate and beneficial financial policy could be formed with American cooperation. 159
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Reinsch (telegram). Dec. 29 Same subject. Your Nov. 20 and Dec. 28. French Government has asked French group to submit a proposition of participation. British Treasury has matter under consideration. Department is awaiting definite replies from French and British Governments. 159

COLOMBIA

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
Mr. Belden to Mr. Lansing (telegram). 1917 Feb. 26 Treaty of Apr. 6, 1914, between United States and Colombia. Notice of probable postponement of consideration of treaty has produced press attacks. Minister for Foreign Affairs requests presentation of note to Foreign Office for publication giving, if it is possible, text of President’s letter to Senate Committee, and the reply thereto. 292
396 Same to same Feb. 27 Same subject. Confirms his telegram of Feb. 26. Gives more detailed report. 292
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Belden (telegram). Feb. 28 Same subject. Legation’s Feb. 26. Short session and pressure of business make it inadvisable to press for ratification of treaty. Matter to be pressed at special session on Mar. 5. Inform Foreign Office that this Government has no objection to publication of President’s letter and Senator Stone’s reply thereto. 293
33 Mr. Betancourt to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 7 Same subject. States that it is impossible to allow the pending treaty question to go on any longer without receiving a satisfactory solution. 294
397 Mr. Belden to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 10 Same subject. Department’s Feb. 28. Transmits copies of Legation’s note to the Foreign Office of Mar. 7, and the reply thereto. The publication of these notes was favorably received and has lessened somewhat the unfortunate attacks referred to in telegram of Feb. 26th last. 295
[Page LVI] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Belden (telegram). Mar. 10 Same subject. Department’s Feb. 28. Text of President’s letter to Senator Stone. 296
Mr. Betancourt to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 12 Same subject. Sets forth reasons which prompt the ratification of the Colombian treaty. 297
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Belden (telegram). Mar. 17 Same subject. Department’s Feb. 28. Senate adjourned yesterday until Apr. 16. Explain to Minister for Foreign Affairs that the matter of the treaty will be taken up at the extra session. 298
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Betancourt. Mar. 20 Same subject. Acknowledges note of Mar. 7. Contents of note being given careful consideration. 298
401 Mr. Belden to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 24 Same subject. In compliance with a request of Minister for Foreign Affairs, Legation prepared a note based on Department’s instructions of Mar. 17. Publication of the note allayed somewhat the increasing irritation of the public. Copy of note enclosed. Failure of the treaty would cause deep-set and longstanding bitterness towards the United States. 298
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 30 Same subject. Minister for Foreign Affairs requests consideration of treaty in early days of Senate sessions. Modifications referred to in telegram of Mar. 28 would not be acceptable. Resignation of Colombian Minister at Washington just been accepted. Will delay departure if treaty is to be considered at an early date. 299
146 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Belden. May 3 Same subject. Legation’s No. 397 of Mar. 10 last. Department approves action taken. 300
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Betancourt. May 24 Same subject. Letter to Mr. Betancourt on the occasion of his departure from the United States, as Minister from Colombia, expressing belief that whatever success may come from the treaty will be due largely to his untiring efforts 300

COSTA RICA

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
Mr. Chase to Mr. Lansing (telegram). 1917 Jan. 27 Political affairs. Minister of War Tinoco overcame the Government of President González by force. Martial law. Americans apparently in no danger. 301
[Page LVII] Mr. Hale to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 27 Same subject. Joaquin Tinoco, brother of Minister of War, took possession barracks giving complete military control of Republic. President González, President of Congress and Castro Quesada now under protection of the Legation. President requests American Government not to recognize Tinoco Government. 301
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. The President and Cabinet and Maximo Fernandez, President of Congress, request the protection of the Government of the United States to sustain legal Government. 301
24 Mr. Chase to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Detailed account of the revolution. 302
Mr. Hale to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 28 Same subject. It is reported that rebels threaten to assault Legation unless United States recognize Tinoco. Other Legations have not recognized him. 303
Same to same (telegram). Jan. 29 Same subject. People greatly excited over rumors that American cruisers are approaching Costa Rica. Ordinary machinery of Government now proceeding as usual. With resignation of Flores, believe legality can be given to Government that will satisfy all parties. If rumors are correct, recommend that ships be ordered back. 303
do Jan. 30 Same subject. Cabinet announced. Election of deputies by popular vote called for April 1. Convention to assemble May 1 for the apparent purpose of forming new Constitution and electing a President. Action of Government seems to meet with approval of people. 304
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Hale (telegram). do Same subject. Report fully as to conditions surrounding granting of asylum to González and others. Are American lives and property in danger? Take no action which might be construed as recognition unless instructed by Department. Report in detail causes which led to Tinoco’s action. 304
Mr. Hale to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 31 Same subject. González wishes to go to the United States. Safe conduct to American warship would probably be given. Advises such a course as it would clear the situation for the work of legalizing the de facto Government by elections. Gives reasons why González was forced out. 304
[Page LVIII] Same to same (telegram). Feb. 3 Same subject. Department’s Jan. 30. Gives conditions surrounding granting asylum to González and others. No danger to Americans. González and Quesada sailing for New York. Safe conduct arranged. Amnesty granted to all. Meeting of diplomatic officers called for next Tuesday to exchange views. Asks to be instructed. 305
do Feb. 5 Same subject. Safe conduct granted to González and Quesada. Sailed last night. González requests that United States Government refuse to recognize Tinoco. Suggests that there seems nothing else to do but recognize de facto Government. 305
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Hale (telegram). do Same subject. Have no intercourse with German Charge in view of severed relations with Germany. Take no step which will be considered as recognition of Tinoco Government. 306
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 8 Same subject. Legation’s Jan. 30. Report fully as to legality of decree calling for constitutional election of deputies by popular vote and legality of calling for constitutional convention to assemble in May to form new constitution and to elect new President. 306
Mr. Lansing to’ Mr. Leavell (telegram). Feb. 9 Same subject. Tinoco Government. American Government will not recognize or support any government unless it is clearly shown that it is elected by legal and constitutional means. (Same to Tegucigalpa, San Salvador and Managua.) 306
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Hale (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes telegram sent to other Central American countries concerning situation in Costa Rica. Instructs to present Tinoco with a copy and to inform him that the United States will refuse to recognize any government which he organizes. 307
19 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Chase. Feb. 12 Same subject. Your No. 24, Jan. 27. Approves action in not giving information regarding attitude of the United States towards the revolution. 307
Mr. Hale to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 13 Same subject. Department’s Feb. 9. Tinoco notified of attitude of American Government. 307
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Hale (telegram). Feb. 17 Same subject. Legation’s Feb. 13. Inform Tinoco that he will not be recognized even if he is elected. 308
[Page LIX] Same to same (telegram). Feb. 22 Same subject. Quotes statement given to the press wherein it is stated that claims of Americans arising out of transactions with the Tinoco Government will not receive the support of the American Government. Instructs to give Tinoco copy of such statement and inform him that it has been published in the United States. 308
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Leave 11 (telegram). Feb. 23 Same subject. This Government will not recognize claims of Americans arising out of transactions with the Tinoco Government. Tinoco has been informed. Managua, Tegucigalpa and San Salvador informed. 308
Mr. Hale to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 26 Same subject. Contents of Department’s February 17 and February 22 given to Tinoco. Tinoco expected to consult with ex-Presidents and with their assistance formulate a statement covering the legal aspects of the transfer of power for presentation to the United States Government. 309
Mr. Quesada to Mr. Lansing. Feb. 28 Same subject. Incloses memorandum relating the facts connected with the overthrow of the González Government. Asks that the American Government refuse to recognize any government set up by Tinoco. 309
Mr. Guardia to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 12 Same subject. Incloses a memorial in which are set forth the reasons underlying the deposition of González and the proclamation of Tinoco pending the establishment, by free elections, of the constitutional régime. 313
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Hale (telegram). Mar. 15 Same subject. Department’s February 9. Confer with ex-Presidents and Chiefs of Legislatures. Explain to them the attitude of the Department and suggest that they give out the information referred to so that the people may understand the position of the United States. 320
Mr. Hale to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 29 Same subject. At a meeting this afternoon the ex-Presidents declared in favor of the present order of affairs which they claim is upheld by the will of the people and which presents the opportunity of giving to the country a new and better constitution. 330
[Page LX] Same to same (telegram). Apr. 2 Same subject. Election held yesterday without disorder or opposition. Government claims victory. Reports of flagrant ballot box stuffing. No enthusiasm and strong reactionary feeling apparent. 321
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Hale (telegram). Apr. 5 Same subject. Legation’s Apr. 2 not clear. Report immediately by cable whether Tinoco has been elected. 321
Mr. Hale to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Apr. 6 Same subject. Department’s Apr. 5. Tinoco elected. 321
Mr. Guardia to Mr. Lansing. Apr. 9 Same subject. Supports the position of the United States in the war with Germany. Offers the use of its waters and ports for war needs of the American Navy. 321
Mr. Tinoco to President Wilson (telegram). Apr. 11 Same subject. Tinoco announces his election to the presidency of Costa Rica. Expresses sympathy with the cause of the United States against Germany. 322
Mr. Johnson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Apr. 30 Same subject. Rejection of certain reform provisions by the constitutional convention has caused the respectable advocates of recognition to threaten to withdraw their support. Other acts of the Tinoco Government have caused much dissatisfaction. 322
Same to same (telegram). May 4 Same subject. Legation’s Apr. 30. Vote on senate reversed and adopted almost unanimously today on orders from Tinoco. Other checks expected to be adopted. 322
do May 14 Same subject. Constitution adopted by narrow majority, electoral college, nearly five hundred members, only half of whom elective there permanent. Ex-Presidents’ project called for wholly elective electoral college. Decided reaction exists against Tinoco Government on all sides. 323
do May 16 Same subject. Joaquin Tinoco, de facto Minister of War, asks if there is any objection to his entering the United States. Persistent rumors of expeditions against Tinoco and of growing unpopularity. Relatives of González experiencing difficulty in obtaining permit to leave the country: 323
[Page LXI] Same to same (telegram). May 17 Same subject. Domingo González, six sons, and three daughters sought refuge in Legation saying that they were in danger of immediate arrest in view of virtual martial law. Conditional asylum granted pending instructions from the Department. 323
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Johnson (telegram). May 24 Same subject. No objection to entry of Joaquin Tinoco into the United States as a private citizen. 323
Mr. Johnson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). May 18 Same subject. Lara volunteered assurance that there was no danger to González family. Danger, however, that family will be regarded as hostages in case of any attack against Tinoco. 324
Mr. Guardia to Mr. Lansing. May 19 Same subject. States that Alfredo González, under the pretense of support by the United States, is engaging in pernicious activities against the de facto Government. Asks that the United States disclaim any connection with such activities. 324
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Johnson (telegram). May 24 Same subject. Request of the Minister for Foreign Affairs assurances for the safety of González family in case they leave the Legation. 325
Mr. Johnson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). May 25 Same subject. Department’s May 24. Assurances obtained, and González family left the Legation 5 p.m. to-day for their home. 325
Same to same (telegram). May 26 Same subject. Fernandez Guardia, agent, Washington, to be withdrawn June 1, in the absence of recognition. Joaquin Tinoco leaving 29th for New York to continue efforts in that city. 325
do June 2 Same subject. Department’s May 29. Public opinion becoming very critical of de facto Government. Reasons. Course of action deemed best for eliminating Tinoco. 326
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Johnson (telegram). June 9 Same subject. State unofficially to Tinoco that President reaffirms his determination not to recognize present Government; that the United States hopes his personal ambitions will not aggravate the economic difficulties by deferring the establishment of a government which, internally, will command popular confidence and externally, will receive generally recognition of foreign nations. 326
[Page LXII] Mr. Johnson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). June 14 Same subject. Department’s June 9. Instructions carried out. Will report effects within few days. Leonidas Pacheco, President of Constitutional Assembly and of Senate, sails today for Washington to relieve Fernandez Guardia. 327
Same to same (telegram). June 15 Same subject. Department’s June 9. Gives results of his interview with Tinoco. Will not withdraw. 327
Mr. Quesada to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Suggests ways of action to force Tinoco out of office and thus save the country from ruin. González willing to resign presidency in favor of Aguilar Barquero. Asks financial aid for Costa Rica. 328
Mr. Johnson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). June 19 Same subject. Several conferences held with Congressmen, prominent merchants, bankers, and agriculturalists. Financial and economic matters discussed preparatory to further issues of paper money, direct taxes, and gold export duties. Tinoco will withdraw only by force of difficulties. Disappearance of silver currency has become real menace as it interferes with retail trade and marketing. 331
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Johnson (telegram). June 20 Same subject. Legation’s June 15. Your action approved. This Government will not approve revolution in the personal interest of González or Quesada. 332
Mr. Johnson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). June 27 Same subject. Aspirants for presidency are disposed to do nothing to induce Tinoco to resign. Confidence in all leaders of country has been shaken. Reasons. Voting by Congress to Executive of power to issue paper money will greatly militate against early withdrawal of Tinoco. 332
Mr. Guardia to Mr. Lansing. July 4 Same subject. Announces the withdrawal as agent of de facto Government of Costa Rica at Washington. Regrets that the United States refuses recognition. Cites authorities to justify the position and legitimacy of present Costa Rican Government. 332
Mr. Polk to Mr. Quesada. July 6 Same subject. Acknowledges note of June 15. Outline of plan for the restoration of Constitutional Government will be given careful consideration. 337
[Page LXIII] Mr. Johnson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). July 11 Same subject. Tinoco sought to push through Congress a grant of full dictatorial powers but some Duranistas, alleging necessity for consideration, left, breaking quorum. Return of Guardia from Washington seemed to have inspired new hope of recognition. 337
Mr. Polk to Mr. Johnson (telegram). July 14 Same subject. Legation’s July 11. No grounds for the new hope of recognition. Deny any rumors to such effect in manner which seems most appropriate to you. 337
141 Mr. Johnson to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Incloses copy of manifesto issued by Tinoco purporting to warn the citizens against the machinations of his enemies. Comments thereon. 338
Same to same (telegram). July 18 Same subject. Legation’s July 11. Opposition to suspension of constitutional guaranties still continues. Legislative decree published authorizing issue of certain bonds. Minor C. Keith engaging in certain activities in spite of knowledge of Department’s attitude. Reported that Cabrera has made several shipments of ammunition to de facto Government. 339
Mr. Polk to Mr. Leavell (telegram). July 21 Same subject. United States Government would appreciate authoritative information from Cabrera concerning reports of shipment of ammunition by Guatemala to Tinoco. 340
President Gonzáles to President Wilson. July 28 Same subject. Calls attention to certain export measures put into effect by Tinoco. Claims it is pure spoliation and asks that the United States take certain measures to meet it. 340
Mr. Johnson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 9 Same subject. Law in many respects equivalent to suspension of constitutional guaranties proclaimed Aug. 3. Legislative program designed to sustain Tinoco, independently of recognition, about completed. Summary of situation since Department’s June 9. 342
154 Same to same Aug. 11 Same subject. Tinoco Government alarmed at prospect of losing export tax on coffee due to the withdrawal of ships by United Fruit Co. Contract to be signed by. Tinoco with Keith whereby a certain amount of shipping space will be assured Costa Rica. Outlines plan suggested by Iglesias to force Tinoco’s withdrawal. 342
[Page LXIV] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Leavell (telegram). Sept. 21 Same subject. Department’s Feb. 9. United States Government would not regard the recognition of Tinoco by the Government of Guatemala as evidence of a friendly feeling toward the United States. (Same to Legations at Tegucigalpa, Managua, San Salvador.) 343
425 Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing. Sept. 29 Same subject. Department’s instructions of Sept. 21 complied with. Copies of notes to and from the Foreign Office. 344
535 Mr. Ewing to Mr. Lansing. Oct. 8 Same subject. Department’s Sept. 21. Incloses copy of note received from the Honduran Foreign Office giving reasons for recognizing the Tinoco Government. 345
178 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Ewing. Nov. 22 Same subject. Legation’s No. 535 of Oct. 8. The Government of the United States has taken careful note of the position assumed by Honduras in regard to its recognition of the Tinoco Government. 347
Mr. Price to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 20 Same subject. Secretary of Government and Justice reports the arrest and subsequent release of certain followers of Quesada. States that they were well armed and without passports. Desire to go to Nicaragua. Secretary feels that nothing will be done by them against Tinoco from Panaman territory. 348
Same to same (telegram). Dec. 26 Same subject. Alfredo Volio came to the Legation to-day and made known his plans to overthrow Tinoco Government. Asks that the Department be informed. Requests certain cables be transmitted to Quesada. 348
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Price (telegram). Dec. 29 Same subject. Legation’s Dec. 26. Instruct censor to withhold transmission of Volio’s cables. Inform Volio that United States will not countenance armed activities such as he contemplates. Inform Government of Panama that the United States hopes that no revolutionary expeditions against Nicaragua or Costa Rica will be permitted to be launched from her territory. Request assistance of American military authorities. 349
[Page LXV]

CUBA

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
Editorial note Controversy between the Cuban Ports Co. and the Cuban Government. Résumé of controversy from 1911 to 1915. 431
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Scholle (telegram). 1915 Oct. 12 Same subject. Instructs to request adjournment of the trial of the case now before the Cuban courts. 432
Mr. Scholle to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Oct. 19 Same subject. The President insists that the trial of the case be expedited. 433
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Scholle (telegram). Oct. 20 Same subject. The request for postponement of trial was made to facilitate a conference between the British security holders and the Ports Co. for an amicable settlement. 433
Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Lansing. Nov. 3 Same subject. Requests, in case the decision of the courts is averse to the company, the continued good offices of the Department in bringing about an amicable settlement. 433
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Spring Rice. Nov. 6 Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of note of 3d instant. Department will endeavor to continue good offices. 434
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Nov. 22 Same subject. Court rendered decision against the company. 435
Mr. Polk to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Nov. 27 Same subject. Instructs to inform the President of Cuba that American bankers are disinclined to consider a loan to Cuba until the Ports Company’s case is settled equitably. 435
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). 1916 Feb. 29 Same subject. Asks information about status of case. 435
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 9 Same subject. Advises that a strong note be sent by the Department, emphasizing British pressure upon Department and calling attention to the information that certain congressmen are refusing action in expectation of private gain. 436
Mr. Polk to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Mar. 15 Same subject. Quotes note to be presented to the Cuban Foreign Office reiterating the earnest hope of the Department that the President may immediately obtain Congressional support necessary to settle the case equitably. 436
[Page LXVI] Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 22 Same subject. The President proposes to appoint immediately a commission of three lawyers to make a fresh study of the subject and determine what the President may do. 437
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Mar. 24 Same subject. Asks his opinion as to present status of the case. 437
Same to same (telegram). May 10 Same subject. Instructs to inquire what has been done in the matter. 437
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). May 27 Same subject. President informed him that the report of the commission would be published in a few days. Believes publication of report would be harmful. 438
Mr. Scholle to Mr. Lansing (telegram). June 2 Same subject. Majority report of the commission published. Settlement must be made by Congressional action. Holds that Government is not liable for bonds or stock. 438
Mr. Fuller to Mr. Lansing. June 7 Same subject. Submits a résumé of the history of the case and requests that the Department inform the Cuban Government of certain propositions for an equitable settlement of the case. 438
179 Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Lansing. June 22 Same subject. The purchase of the undertaking on the basis of the modified concession of 1913 by the Cuban Government would be a good solution of the difficulty. 441
Mr. Céspedes to Mr. Lansing. July 13 Same subject. Submits argument in favor of the legality of the verdict rendered by the Supreme Tribunal of Cuba in this case. 442
235 Mr. Polk to Mr. Gonzales. July 31 Same subject. Quotes note to be presented to the Cuban Foreign Office, pointing out that the Cuban Government seems to be in a position to effect a satisfactory solution of the difficulty by appointing appraisers so that the company’s securities may be purchased by Cuba. 443
Mr. Polk to Mr. Fuller. July 31 Same subject. The Department has sent a comprehensive instruction to the American Minister at Habana looking to a satisfactory solution of the question along the line suggested in his letter of June 7, 1916. 445
368 Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 25 Same subject. Incloses copy of a note from the Cuban Foreign Office in reply to his note presented to that office in compliance with Department’s instruction No. 235 of July 31, 1916. 446
[Page LXVII]273 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales. Dec. 14 Same subject. Reviews the note of the Cuban Foreign Office transmitted in his despatch No. 368 of Aug. 25, 1916, and instructs to inform that office that this Government regrets that the Cuban Government considers itself unable to take the measures suggested by the Department for the settlement of the difficulty. 451
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). 1917 Jan. 22 Political affairs. Political situation critical and dangerous. Attitude of President toward the Supreme Court. Reasons. Conservatives expected to resort to fraudulent and violent means to gain victory in the coming partial elections. 350
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Jan. 26 Same subject. Legation’s January 22. Should occasion arise, intimate to President that this Government would regret any action which would cause disturbance in Cuba in view of the great strides made by the Republic in political and commercial advancement. 351
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 1 Same subject. Department’s Jan. 26. President declares that elections will be held according to law. Government measures taken to insure safety to voters of both parties. Liberal party considering asking the United States to supervise elections on the 14th. 351
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Feb. 10 Same subject. Legation’s Feb. 1. Quotes statement to President for publication in which the United States expresses the hope that the election difficulties will be settled in the manner provided for by law. Warns that United States will scrutinize acts of both parties for any intimidation by armed forces or illegal pressure. 351
Mr. Gonzalesto Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Arrest of certain officers as a result of alleged plot against the life of President. Disposition of armed forces in Santa Clara and other elaborate precautions regarded by many as measures of intimidation. Asks whether Department considers it advisable to have military attaché observe elections at Santa Clara. 352
[Page LXVIII] Same to same (telegram). Feb. 11 Same subject. Department’s Feb. 10. Instructions complied with. President not willing to take initiative in respect to publication of Department’s message. Says past history and life entitle him to Department’s confidence. Miniature uprisings in one or two places. Warrants issued for arrest of number of Liberals said to be implicated in plans for revolution. 353
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Feb. 12 Same subject. Legation’s Feb. 10 and Feb. 11. Department has made public statement contained in its Feb. 10. You are authorized to give it to the Cuban press. If President Menocal and Zayas have no objections you are authorized to send military attaché to Santa Clara as observer of elections. 354
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Organized revolution exists in Camaguay and in number of towns in Santa Clara. Believed that Gomez has landed in Camaguay Province to lead revolt. Heraldo de Cuba, newspaper owned by Ferrara, suppressed. President preparing proclamation to-night. Cuban Government desirous of having expression of moral support from the Government of the United States. 354
Mr. Rodgers to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 13 Same subject. Camaguay and Oriente Provinces reported to be in hands of revolutionary party. No antagonism to Americans or interests as yet reported. 355
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). do Same subject. Legation’s Feb. 12. Transmits for publication statement of attitude of the United States Government toward revolutionary movement. Instructs to repeat same to certain American consuls. 356
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Legation’s Feb. 12. Department believes it desirable to have elections postponed until such time as the present disturbances are at an end. Endeavor to have President Menocal and leaders of Liberal Party postpone elections. 356
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. No material change since earlier report. Cruiser Cuba left to-night for Santiago. Government appears to have situation at Santa Clara well in hand. Military attaché not being sent to Santa Clara. 356
[Page LXIX] Same to same (telegram). Feb. 14 Same subject. Department’s Feb. 13. President says that Junta Central constitutes sole legal authority outside of Congress to postpone elections and that body voted yesterday against postponement. Early reports from elections mention no disorders. 357
do do Same subject. Reports a number of skirmishes. Government completely controls Santa Clara Province west of Jatibonico River. Sugar mills of Cuba Central at Jatibonico stopped grinding at order of Gomez. Reinforcements from cruiser Cuba will arrive to-morrow at Jucaro. 357
do do Same subject. Fernandez, assuming provisional command at Santiago, says mouth of harbor will be mined and that all American ships wishing to enter must ask for pilot. Threatens retaliation if Menocal executes officials and others charged with treason. 358
do do Same subject. Publication of statement giving position of United States regarding revolutions has had most clarifying effect upon public mind. Government officials grateful. 358
do do Same subject. Elections reported held in Santa Clara to-day without further friction. Menocal is victor. Manuel Gonzales, Mayor of Santo Domingo, Santa Clara Province, has surrendered on promise of safe conduct to Habana. 358
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 15 Same subject. Military conditions unchanged. Government troops awaiting reenforcements before attacking forces under Gomez. Conditions at Santiago reported growing worse. 358
do do Same subject. American Consul Santiago reports conditions worse. Details requested. 359
do do Same subject. General and widespread doubt exists of Army’s loyalty. Test will come when President’s forces attack Gomez in Camaguey. 359
Mr. Céspedes to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. President is confident that with moral support of the United States Government he will be able to reestablish order. Military uprising at Santiago has not been extended. 359
[Page LXX] Mr. Daniels to Mr. Lansing. Feb. 15 Same subject. Commander-in-chief has been instructed to send two United States men-of-war to Habana and Santiago de Cuba. 360
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 16 Same subject. President published proclamation guaranteeing security for all pacific citizens whatever their ideas, antecedents, and political affiliations so long as they respect the law. 360
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). do Same subject. U. S. S. Machias will replace U. S. S. Petrel at Santiago and U. S. S. Dixie will sail for Habana to-day. These vessels will report upon conditions and be present in case of emergency. 361
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Reports on the military situation in various Provinces. 361
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Feb. 17 Same subject. Legation’s Feb. 16. Inform Cuban Government of wishes of United States Government that no Federal ships enter the harbor at Santiago at this time. Reasons. 361
Mr. Griffith to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Commander Petrel prevented revolutionists from sinking two merchant vessels at mouth of harbor at Santiago. Protection of life and property, both native and foreign, promised by rebels. People excited, business paralyzed. 362
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Insurgent forces reported routed near Sancti Spiritus, Santa Clara Province. Americans report that Gomez has ordered that all cane grinding must cease after to-morrow. 362
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Daniels. do Same subject. Incloses copy of Department’s February 13, 1917 to the American Minister at Habana with the request that it be sent via wireless to the American commander at Santiago, with instructions to deliver it to the Consul in order that he may inform the rebel leader of its contents and have it become generally known throughout Santiago and the Province of Oriente. 362
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Feb. 18 Same subject. Statement to the Cuban Government and to the public of the Department’s attitude toward the revolt against the Cuban Government. 363
[Page LXXI] Same to same (telegram). Feb. 18 Same subject. Inform Government of Cuba that commander of U. S. S. Petrel informed Navy Department that revolutionists are prepared to set fire to Santiago and to dynamite public property should they be compelled to retire from city in event of bombardment. 363
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Two gunboats ordered to Santiago but will not attempt to enter. Purpose to prevent escape by sea of deserting soldiers. Move of Government troops against Santiago within two days. Gomez expected to attempt to leave country through that port. 364
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 19 Same subject. Banks at Santiago reported closed by order of insurgents for period of eight days. U. S. S. San Francisco arrived at Santiago. Conditions unchanged. 364
do do Same subject. Department’s Feb. 18. Publication of statement has produced marked impression. 364
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Department informed cane scales and loading station at San Lorenzo destroyed by fire and working of mill prevented. Request adequate protection be given American interests at this point. 414
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Griffith (telegram). do Same subject. Investigate and report upon present condition of Cuban railroads. Report also as to whether sugar mills are running in Oriente Province and as to safety of American employees. 414
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 20 Same subject. Department’s Feb. 19. Conditions at San Lorenzo reported changed for the better. 414
Same to same (telegram). do Political affairs. Department’s Feb. 18 sent in cipher to Consul at Santiago and open through Santiago to consular agents Guantanamo and Antilla. Open messages stopped by insurgent censor Santiago cable office. Will endeavor to convey message by wireless. Attitude of insurgent leader at Santiago more conciliatory. 364
Mr. Griffith to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Conditions growing worse. Many refugees from interior. Several mills closed. No communication; food scarce; people excited; banks closed. 365
[Page LXXII] Same to same (telegram). Feb. 22 Same subject. Transmits despatch from the Chamber of Commerce at Santiago to President Wilson relative to present conditions at Santiago. 365
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 23 Same subject. Newspapers at Santiago refused to publish statement of attitude of United States. Telegrams posted. Threatened confiscation of bank funds. Many persons have requested asylum. Presence of war vessels considered only guaranty of life and property. 365
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Griffith (telegram). do Same subject. Reply of President Wilson to the statement of Chamber of Commerce of Santiago. 366
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 25 Same subject. British and American banks asking protection. Consul at Santiago ordered to take precautions to safeguard these and other American and foreign interests. Government column landed yesterday at Manzanillo on way to Santiago. 366
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Results of the two weeks revolution. Rebel leaders working for intervention of American Government. Expected to resort to wholesale destruction sugar cane and mills. In such event suggests certain physical aid to the Cuban Government. 367
Mr. Griffith to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 26 Same subject. Cuban gunboat Cuba now outside harbor blockading entrance. 367
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Camaguey City occupied to-day. Civil government reestablished. Other military news. Delay in receipt of arms from United States is hampering the President in pushing campaign. 368
Same to same (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Officials of the Cuba Railway report coal and sugar warehouses at Nuevitas and Antilla in danger of destruction by rebels. Believe presence of war vessels at those ports would save property. 415
do Feb. 27 Political affairs. Delayed radio from Guantanamo Naval Station says expected to land 200 men midnight Sunday in Guantanamo town, as systematic destruction cane commenced and disorder and danger threatened. 368
[Page LXXIII] Same to same (telegram). Feb. 27 Same subject. Federal forces defeated insurgents yesterday at Bayamo. 368
do do Same subject. Royal Bank of Canada delivered over Government fund to insurgents. British Minister alleges money delivered under compulsion. United States should land armed forces enough to give security against either violence or coercion by insurgents. 368
do do Same subject. Two hundred marines landed yesterday in the immediate vicinity of Guantanamo. Two companies marines from United States ship Connecticut also reported landed but place not stated. 369
Mr. Griffith to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 28 Same subject. Forwards message from the owners and managers of 25 sugar mills concerning the stoppage of cane grinding by the insurgents. 369
422 Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Incloses a translation of a letter from General Gomez setting forth the object of the revolt. 370
Mr. Redfield to Mr. Lansing. do Protection of American interests. Asks to be advised as to the information that may be given to the Cleveland Worsted Mills Co. to properly protect its interests in Cuba. 415
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Mar. 1 Same subject. Directs to request Cuban Government provide adequate protection for certain named properties. 415
Same to same (telegram). do Political affairs. Contents of Department’s Feb. 23, 1917 to the American Consul at Santiago, in response to a statement forwarded by him from the Chamber of Commerce of that city. 371
do do Same subject. Department instructs Minister to urge President Menocal to make it clear to the people of Cuba and the world that coincident with the laying down of arms by the rebels, elections will be called in Santa Clara and Oriente Provinces and an amnesty granted to those concerned in revolt. 371
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing, (telegram). do Same subject. Destroyer Cassin entered Habana to-day. Commander reports experiences with rebel forces at Nuevitas. U. S. S. Eagle arrived at Nuevitas Feb. 27 and now there. 372
[Page LXXIV] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Mar. 2 Same subject. Department’s Mar. 1. In view of conditions at Santiago, recommend Cuban Government immediately raise blockade and instruct Cuban consuls to resume issuance of clearances to Santiago. Department communicating with bankers in New York in regard to funds to relieve situation. 372
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s Mar. 1. Instructions complied with. Written reply promised to-morrow. President claims amnesty would mean ruin of army. Seemed indifferent to elections. Willing to have General Crowder investigate and pass on whole election question. 373
Same to same (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Department’s Mar. 1. Gives condition of certain properties for which Department requested protection. 416
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Mar. 3 Same subject. Requests protection for the property of the Francisco Sugar Co. at Guayabal. 416
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Francisco Sugar Co. reports destruction by fire of enormous quantities of cane. Request immediate protection for American properties menaced by insurgent forces. Report fully result of your efforts. 416
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Griffith (telegram). do Political affairs. Instructs to investigate actual conditions surrounding certain sugar estates in Guantanamo zone. 374
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Reply of President Menocal to representations made in accordance with Department’s Mar. 1. 374
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). do Same subject. Legation’s Mar. 2 is silent as to attitude of Menocal towards amnesty to others than officers. Immediate question is not amnesty but right of those in complicity with present insurrection to cast their votes in partial elections to be held under decree of Supreme Court. Ascertain views of Menocal in this regard. 375
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 4 Same subject. Department’s Mar. 3. By proclamation of Feb. 27 President granted amnesty to enlisted men who deserted under force of circumstances. Others have surrendered and been liberated. Discusses election question. Believes Department misunderstands situation. 376
[Page LXXV] Same to same (telegram). Mar. 4 Same subject. Asks definite information as to what naval authorities are authorized to do in making terms with rebels. Makes certain recommendations. 377
do do Same subject. Department’s Mar. 2. President promises opening of port and issuing clearance to ships at earliest possible date consistent with military necessity. Does not wish munitions to reach rebels before he can get forces to city. 377
423 Same to same Mar. 5 Same subject. Incloses copy of a communication from the Mayor of Cienfuegos, conveying by resolution of the city council a message of commendation to our Government for its attitude towards the insurrection. 377
Same to same (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Department’s Mar. 3. Property in rebel zone out of reach Federal communication. Government promises protection after taking Santiago. Two companies of marines reported landed from U. S. S. Pennsylvania. 416
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Mar. 6 Same subject. Federal troops reported to have fired on residence of Mr. Craib, at Jatibonico plant of the Cuba Co., while British and American women and children sheltered there. 417
Same to same (telegram). do Political affairs. Department’s Mar. 2. In view dependence of American companies upon coal from the United States, it would seem imperative that Cuban Government allow vessels containing such supplies to pass through blockade. 378
do Mar. 7 Same subject. Impress upon President Menocal the importance of issuing a proclamation providing for constitutional elections in Oriente Province, after arms have been laid down and the rebels have returned to their allegiance. 378
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s Mar. 6. Blockade raised on all coal shipments. Cuban Consuls notified. 379
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Redfield. do Protection of American interests. Acknowledges receipt of letter from the Department of Commerce of Feb. 28. States measures being taken to protect American interests. 417
[Page LXXVI] Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 8 Same subject. Forces of Gomez suffered severe defeat at Placetas, noon to-day. Gomez and staff, with 200 others made prisoners. 379
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s Mar. 7. In proclamation issued today President describes revolution as broken and urges all rebels to lay down arms. Proclamation concerning the holdings of elections in Oriente Province. Comments on situation. 379
do Mar. 9 Same subject. Makes certain suggestions to prevent possible bloodshed at Santiago. 381
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Griffith (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes Department’s Mar. 6 to Habana and Legation’s Mar. 7 for Consul’s information. Directs him to see that any coal supplies that arrive be delivered directly to American interests. (Same to Consular Agent at Guantanamo.) 381
302 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales. do Same subject. Legation’s No. 422 of Feb. 28. Not necessary to reply to General Gomez’s letter. 381
Mr. Céspedes to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Is instructed to inform the United States Government that there are no elections pending other than those of Oriente Province. 382
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Department’s Mar. 6. Thorough investigation of shooting incident at the house of Mr. Craib ordered by the President two weeks ago. Full report will be made as soon as possible. Cuban Government has expressed regret to British Minister. 418
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Mar. 10 Same subject. Guantanamo Sugar Company advises of resumption of burning and destruction of its property. Urge upon Cuban Government need for immediate and adequate protection. 418
Same to same (telegram). do Political affairs. Legation’s Mar. 8. Seek interview with President and suggest that peaceful conditions may be sooner restored and further destruction of valuable property be prevented, if he should ask for investigation and adjustment of election question by General Crowder and other representative Americans. 382
[Page LXXVII] Same to same (telegram). Mar. 11 Protection of American interests. Consul at Santiago reports conditions as deplorable in vicinity of Santiago. French Consul asks protection for French properties. Cable what steps Cuban Government will take to afford protection. Question of additional American forces being considered. 418
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 12 Same subject. Body of 50 regulars started last night from Nuevitas to La Gloria for the protection of isolated and apprehensive American colony. 418
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. American Administrator of Punta Alegra Sugar Mills, Camaguey, together with lieutenant of Federal forces who went to receive surrender of rebel leader, believed to be held for ransom. Naval commander notified. Cuban Government has sent two detachments of cavalry. 419
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). do Same subject. Manati Sugar Co. fears destruction of its property. Request protection. 420
Mr. Griffith to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Political affairs. Marines protecting city. Fighting between Government forces and insurgents at San Luis and Dos Caminos en route Santiago de Cuba. Cane fields burning and destruction continues. 382
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s Mar. 11. Consul and naval commander not agreed to conditions in Santiago City. Naval commander will turn over city to Cuban Government when latter brings up sufficient force to guarantee order. Pending result conference Cuban officials and commander of Montana, Government forces around San Luis not advancing. Suggests aid from United States in case policy of destruction is pursued. 383
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 13 Protection of American interests. Department’s Mar. 11. Only French mill in the section not burned and grinding to-day. Cuban commander reports quiet in that district. 419
[Page LXXVIII] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Mar. 13 Same subject. Legation’s Mar. 12. Impress upon President Menocal the extent of destruction of foreign property. Ask if he is in position to prevent further losses. Action of this Government contingent upon reply. Legation’s Mar. 12, 6 p.m. Does the suggestion concerning landing of American troops come from the Cuban Government? 419
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Francisco Sugar Co. says cane burnt represents loss of over $2,200,000. Company filing claim against Cuban Government. Bring matter to attention of President and request further protection. 419
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 14 Same subject. Legation’s Mar. 12. American administrator of Punta Alegre estate has been released. 420
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s Mar. 13. Conditions improved at Manati. Government force in vicinity. 420
do do Same subject. Department’s Mar. 13. Heavy losses at Francisco happened two weeks ago. Government troops now there. 420
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). do Political affairs. Quotes message from commander United States vessel stationed at Guantanamo to be delivered President Menocal requesting five days armistice to permit rebels time for conference. 383
Mr. Griffith to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 15 Same. subject. Transport just landed about 600 Government troops; insufficient to protect city if marines withdrawn. Bitter feeling increases against Americans. Cuban President to save lives should grant some sort of armistice immediately. 384
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Action of two Government representatives at Santiago who assured Mayor Camacho absolute safety in name of Government, approved by President Menocal. President instructed his representatives to continue such methods. 384
Same to same (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Department’s March 13. President states that losses are greatly exaggerated. Promises information which will give Department another view of the American investor. Suggestion of troops originated with Legation. 420
[Page LXXIX] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Mar. 15 Same subject. Demand adequate protection for Compañía Química de la Gloria at Colombia, Camaguey Province. Property damaged and threatened with destruction. 421
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 16 Same subject. Legation’s Mar. 14. Report whether Government troops are giving protection at Punta Alegre plantation and if mills are grinding. 421
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Political affairs. Government troops disembarked Santiago today. Proposed to organize 1,000 militia. Government and American marines appear to be still in city. President confident that rebels will not attack city and no difficulty be experienced in maintaining order. 384
Same to same (telegram). Do Same subject. Department’s Mar. 14. President asks Commander of Montana object of formal armistice. States practical armistice already exists, as he is making no advance toward. Guantanamo. 384
do Do Same subject. Reports the surrender of number of rebels. President Menocal’s explanation of the agitation in Santiago against occupation of city by Cuban forces. Mills reported grinding at Manzanillo. 385
do Mar. 17 Same subject. Terms on which armistice granted communicated to commander of the Montana to-day. Gives terms. 385
do do Protection of American interests. Department’s Mar. 16. Government promised to send more troops this morning. Consular agent at Caibarien says that Atkins at Punta Alegre alarmed fearing attack from Spanish bandit. Wishes marines. All mills grinding except his. 421
do Mar. 19 Political affairs. Naval commander at Guantanamo says rebels declined to attend conference on war vessel because armistice granted for that purpose did not include whole province. Reply of the President. 385
do Mar. 21 Same subject. Reports rebels routed at Arroyo Hondo, Camaguey Province. Surrender of rebels at various places. 386
[Page LXXX] Same to same (telegram). Mar. 22 Same subject. Petition of rebels at Manati, Oriente Province, for supervision elections by the United States. Americans at Bartle and Galvi ask protection. Manati Sugar Company wishes troops protect cane and railroad bridges. Notified Eagle position of American Government as to elections and informed Cuban Government fear of American colonists. 387
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Atkins and Co. report insurgents burning cane on Soledad plantation near Cienfuegos. Demand of Government necessary force to prevent further destruction. 422
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 23 Political Affairs. Persistent rumors of intervention by the United States in favor of rebels. Unequivocal declaration by Department along lines of earlier messages would probably result in a general and immediate collapse. 387
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). do Same subject. Legation’s Mar. 23. Forwards for publication statement of the United States Government relative to current rumors in Cuba that the American Government is considering taking steps in behalf of rebels. 387
428 Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Transmits a copy of a memorandum signed by several rebel leaders requesting the United States Government to supervise elections; also a copy of a communication from the commanding officer of the U. S. S. Eagle to the Secretary of the Navy, commenting thereon. 388
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 25 Same subject. Capture of rebels near Cienfuegos. 390
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Mar. 27 Same subject. Commander of the Prairie reports food shortage in Guantanamo City becoming serious. Considers reinstatement of Federal customs and postal officials and the opening of port an immediate necessity. Take matter up with Cuban Government and report. 390
Same to same (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Large force of rebels said to have visited Jobabo, Oriente Province Mar. 18, looting and destroying property. Advise Department what efforts Government is making for protection there. 422
[Page LXXXI] Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 27 Same subject. Government reports forces arriving at Jobabo to-day. 422
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 28 Political affairs. Legation’s Mar. 27. Cuban forces occupied Guantanamo yesterday. Assumed that Government officers have been established in offices and rebels desiring have surrendered. Port open. 390
433 Same to same Mar. 29 Same subject. Incloses copy of President Menocal’s manifesto to people of Cuba, dated Mar. 26, 1917. 391
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 30 Same subject. Rebel military forces Oriente Province crushed. Many troops and civilian leaders surrender. Reports other engagements. 392
do do Same subject. Legation’s Mar. 30. Further surrenders. Prospect of early complete pacification Oriente excellent. Two strong rebel contingencies remain in Camaguey. 393
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Request protection for the properties of the Nipe Bay Co. and Saetia Sugar Co. near Banes and Preston. 422
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 31 Same subject. Fernandez with 400 men reported to have burned Bartle. Manager of Manati Co. received threatening letter. Insist in no uncertain terms that President undertake immediately to give protection. 423
do do Same subject. Great damage reported done Cuban Railroad Co. line between Santiago and San Luis and San Luis and Marti. Department understands strict censorship exists. Much disturbed. 423
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s Mar. 30. Cavalry sufficient for protection will reach Nipe Bay Sunday night. 423
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s Mar. 31. Fernandez destroyed property at points named weeks ago. Points now under control of Government and repairs supposed to have commenced. 424
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). do Political affairs. Reports conditions in eastern end of Cuba as given by naval officers. Legation should keep these reports before Cuban Government for its information and action to protect American lives and property. 393
[Page LXXXII] Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Apr. 1 Protection of American interests. Department’s Mar. 31. Direct conflicting reports from Eagle and Government as to burning of Bartle. Federal troops scattered bands of rebels vicinity Manati to-day, killing 18. 424
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Apr. 3 Same subject. Alto Cedro Sugar Co. has decided to abandon property. Requests escort of marines for employees to Preston. U. S. S. Eagle asks more forces to protect American lives and property at Bartle. Landing force to protect mills and property. 424
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Apr. 4 Political affairs. Federal commander at Manati this afternoon reported complete domination situation there. Communication by wire and rail improving. 394
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Reports further surrender of rebels at Guantanamo and Santiago. Fact that rebels who fled to Haiti carried $140,000 is reacting upon insurrection. 394
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). do Same subject. Commander U. S. S. Eagle reports situation at Manati as much improved. Other reports from naval officers. Conflicting reports about the holding of elections. 394
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Apr. 6 Same subject. Legation’s Apr. 4. Provincial council for Oriente Province ordered elections postponed from Feb. 20 to be held Apr. 9. These partial elections cover four municipalities. No manifestation of interest in elections. 394
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Apr. 7 Protection of American interests. Insist that Cuban Government furnish protection for American colony at Omaja and also open communication with that place. Report results. 424
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Apr. 9 Political affairs. General Delgado and other important rebel chiefs, and 400 men surrendered to Government at Arroyo Blanco, Camaguey Province, to-day. 395
Same to same (telegram). Apr. 10 Protection of American interests. Department’s Apr. 7. Railroad repaired to Omaja. Trains running to Las Tunas 10 miles west. Permanent military guard now stationed American settlement. Another detachment ordered to clear surrounding country of rebels. 425
[Page LXXXIII] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Apr. 16 Same subject. Department informed condition of American settlers at certain named places is desperate. Request immediate protection. 425
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Miranda properties reported in the hands of rebels. No attempt made to protect Miranda and local towns in spite of continued requests to military authorities. Inquire of Government whether it is informed as to the actual situation in the mentioned locality. 425
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Political affairs. General Guzman surrendered to-day. 395
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. On both sides border between Camaguey and Oriente Provinces, numerous leaderless bands operating, robbing country, stores, and houses. Colonel Varona recently placed in command that district with adequate forces. 395
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Apr. 17 Protection of American interests. Ask Government for immediate protection of the plant of the Holquin Exploration Co. at Aguas Claras, near Holquin. 425
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s Apr. 16. Troops stationed at each one of the places named except Canet. Most of the robbery was before communication could be established. 426
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s Apr. 16. Cuban Government claims to be informed. No town or village occupied. Protection promised sugar mill at Miranda. Number of rebel bands in hills of this section. Colonel Varona active against them. 426
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Apr. 18 Same subject. Miranda properties threatened with destruction as they are wholly unguarded despite urgent appeals for protection. Rebel force now burning properties Baso Estancia and destroying Bayate bridge. Urge immediate correction of existing conditions. 426
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Apr. 19 Same subject. Department’s Apr. 17. President reports guard at Exploration Co’s. plant. 427
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). do Same subject. Ascertain from Government why Bethlehem Steel Co’s. mines are not furnished ample and permanent protection. 427
[Page LXXXIV] Same to same (telegram). Apr. 20 Same subject. American Consul at Santiago reports conditions as not improved. Says Government forces are inadequate. Present facts to President and report to Department attitude of Cuban Government. 427
do do Same subject. Two thousand rebels reported camped on border of property of United Fruit Co. Inform Government and request troops be sent to protect property. 427
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Apr. 21 Same subject. Department’s Apr. 17, Apr. 18, and Apr. 19. Presented memorandum to the President recapitulating allegations of danger and destruction. President charges gross misrepresentations. Cites instances. Reenforcements to Oriente Monday. 428
Same to same (telegram). do Political affairs. General Gustavo Caballero, former governor of Camaguey, was seriously wounded and 150 of his followers taken prisoners by Colonel Pujol today. 395
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). Apr. 24 Protection of American interests. Legation’s Apr. 21. Consul Santiago reports that American refugees claim interior conditions worse; that more marines needed to protect property. Requests American war vessel remain at Santiago. 429
Same to same (telegram). Apr. 25 Political affairs. American Consul at Caimanera reports conditions at Santiago, Manzanillo and surrounding country to be deplorable. Estimated 6,000 well-armed revolutionists operating in Oriente Province. Feeling against Americans bitter and American property interests suffering. Immediate need for effective action. 396
444 Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing Apr. 29 Same subject. Incloses copies of letters exchanged between himself and Doctor Zayas relative to obtaining a safe conduct for Doctor Zayas from the Cuban Government. 396
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s Apr. 25. Government at a loss to understand designation of conditions as deplorable at Caimanera. Government claims sugar mills grinding and railroads operating in Manzanillo district and perfect order in Santiago. Reenforcements being sent to Oriente. Gives reason for changed feeling toward Americans. 400
[Page LXXXV]1261 Mr. Rodgers to Mr. Lansing. Apr. 30 Protection of American interests. It has been reported that no American suffered harm in the revolutionary district of Cuba. Mail communication with Oriente Province somewhat interrupted but will address letters of inquiry to those persons mentioned. 429
Mr. Wolcott to Mr. Lansing (telegram). May 1 Political affairs. American Consul at Caimanera says Government forces can not suppress revolution there. Destruction and pillage of American and other property daily occurrence. American forces insufficient. Recommends superior force of marines be sent. 401
Mr. Griffith to Mr. Lansing (telegram). May 6 Protection of American interests. Reports sacking and burning of several towns and properties. Government forces reported in flight. Two thousand rebels near Daiquiri. War vessel and 500 additional marines needed immediately. 429
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). May 7 Same subject. Representative American interests in Oriente Province informed Department that Cuban Government not giving protection against destruction by rebels along railroad. Stores, houses, and other property at Belona and Josephina burned by rebels. Take matter up with Cuban Government. 430
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). May 7 Political affairs. Cuban Congress met this afternoon, counted electoral vote, and proclaimed Menocal and Nunez President and Vice President elected. 401
Same to same (telegram). May 8 Same subject. Legation’s Apr. 29, last paragraph. Believe prompt reenforcement Guantanamo naval station with from 500 or 1,000 marines very desirable. Reasons. Additional forces would be acceptable to Cuban Government. 401
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Griffith (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Consulate’s May 6. Machias now returning to Santiago. Send to Legation duplicate of all wires to the Department. 430
332 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales. May 9 Political affairs. Legation’s No. 444 of Apr. 29. Department approves action in the matter of safe conduct for Zayas. 402
[Page LXXXVI] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Wolcott (telegram). May 10 Same subject. Consulate’s May 1. Department giving careful consideration contents your cablegram. Keep Legation at Habana informed as well as Department, of all changes of situation. 402
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Official announcement at Palace to-day of frustration last night of plot blow up President Menocal and American Minister. Details of conspiracy. 402
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Two so-called generals, a colonel, lieutenant-colonel, and 500 armed men surrendered in the Holguin district of Oriente this morning. Reenforcements due in disturbed Guantanamo-Santiago district May 12. 403
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). do Same subject. Legation’s May 7. Congratulations to Cuban Government in view of proclamation by Cuban Congress of the election of President Menocal and Vice President Nunez. 403
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Baker. do Same subject. Property of Americans in Oriente Province threatened by marauding bands. Asks whether it will be possible to despatch to Cuba in the near future an adequate force from the United States Army to aid Government of Cuba in the protection of the sugar properties and in restoring peaceful conditions. 403
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). May 11 Same subject. Legation’s Apr. 29. No further forces of marines available for duty in Cuba. Does President request that American troops be brought to Guantanamo? Give views as to advisability of the issuance by this Government of a statement that in view of the fact that Cuba has aligned herself with the United States against Germany, people of Cuba should set aside all political differences. 404
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). May 13 Same subject. Department’s May 11. Suggestion increase of marine force made on statement by naval officer that marines available, also in recognition of numerous appeals from Americans. President does not consider additional United States troops needed. Bandits in Oriente beyond patriotic appeal but believe contemplated statement by Department would strengthen Government. 404
[Page LXXXVII] Mr. Griffith to Mr. Lansing (telegram). May 14 Same subject. Rebel Generals Vidal, Gonzáles, and Lopez reported to have surrendered yesterday to Government forces with about 2,000 men. 405
336 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales. do Same subject. Legation’s May 10. Congratulations to Minister and President on fortunate escape from assassination. 405
Mr. Baker to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. War Department prepared to send military expedition to Cuba. Wishes to be advised of number of troops needed. Incloses copy of a statement of General Marti, Chief of Staff of Republic of Cuba, in which he says situation completely under control. 405
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). May 15 Same subject. Legation’s May 13. Endeavor to have President Menocal to agree to the sending of force of American troops to Guantanamo in order to protect sugar production. 406
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes statement to be made public whereby the United States Government calls upon all Cubans to put aside all political differences in the view of the grave international danger. The production of sugar must go on, and all those interfering with this production must be considered as enemies. 407
236 Mr. Griffith to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Consulate’s May 14. Reported surrender of Generals Vidal, Gonzáles, and Lopez together with 2,300 men confirmed. 408
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). May 16 Same subject. Department’s May 15. President Menoca1 reviews situation to show that additional American troops not necessary. 408
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). May 17 Protection of American interests. Request protection for the person and property of Irving L. Fisher at Victoria de Las Tunas. 430
Same to Same (telegram). May 18 Political affairs. Legation’s May 16. Unsettled conditions in Haiti will necessitate the withdrawal of marines in Cuba. War Department will send sufficient force to replace the marines. Explain to President the reason for such action. 409
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Baker. do Same subject. Requests that an expedition of two regiments be sent to Cuba to relieve the marines on duty there. 409
[Page LXXXVIII]60 Mr. Céspedes to Mr. Lansing. May 21 Same subject. Menocal and Nunez assumed the offices of President and Vice President yesterday. 410
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). May 23 Same subject. Reports from all over the country show orderly celebration of May 20th. Immense crowds joined in the celebration of inauguration. No activities by insurgents or bandits anywhere to-day. 410
152 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Céspedes. May 25 Same subject. Congratulations and best wishes of the United States Government to their Excellencies, Messrs. Menocal and Nunez for the success of their administration. 410
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). do Protection of American interests. Department advised that bandits have looted Central San Antonio, Guantanamo, and have taken cash and goods from stores. Investigate matter and if property in question is that of American citizens, request adequate protection. 430
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Reports to Department appear disingenuous. Miranda mill not yet built. Palmarita stopped account rains. Also grinding at Palma. No rebel activity reported that section except surrenders. 431
Same to same (telegram). June 3 Political affairs. Department’s June 2. Having expressed himself as reported in Legation’s May 16, President said nothing to announcement of troops being sent to relieve marines. Conditions have improved since inauguration and nothing to indicate Government needs assistance. 411
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). June 12 Cuban Ports Co. Instructs to say to President Menocal that the present time seems to be opportune for the settlement of this long-standing question, and would help to eliminate friction between Cuba and the United States and Great Britain. 453
459 Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing. June 18 Political affairs. Reports upon general conditions in Cuba. 411
471 Same to same July 3 Cuban Ports Co. President Menocal expressed himself anxious to reach a settlement of the case. Incloses copy of the President’s message to the Congress asking authority to settle the matter. 453
[Page LXXXIX] Mr. Polk to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). July 12 Political affairs. Department’s May 18. United States contemplates sending troops to relieve marines but wishes to take this action with President Menocal’s full understanding. Reasons for wishing to send troops. 412
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). July 14 Same subject. Department’s July 12. President gives his cordial approval to the sending of troops. Offers United States sites for training camps in other parts of Cuba. 412
Same to same (telegram). do Cuban Ports Co. The Cuban Congress adjourned yesterday and was immediately convened in extra session to act on the Cuban Ports Co. matter. 455
Same to same (telegram). July 24 Same subject. The House passed the Senate bill authorizing the President to settle the case. 455
Mr. Polk to Mr. Gonzales (telegram). July 26 Same subject. Instructs to congratulate the President upon having been authorized to settle the matter. 455
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). July 27 Same subject. The President will appoint a commission consisting of the Chief Justice, The President of the Senate, and the Secretary of the Treasury to discuss claims with representatives of the company and to report to him. 455
90 Mr. Céspedes to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 10 Political affairs. Incloses copy of autographed letter written to Mr. Wilson by Mr. Menocal announcing his assumption of office of President of Cuba. 412
167 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Céspedes. Aug. 15 Same subject. Acknowledges the receipt of Legation’s note of Aug. 10. Reply of President Wilson will shortly be transmitted to President Menocal through the American Minister at Habana. 413
394 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Gonzales. Sept. 6 Same subject. Incloses letter addressed by President Wilson to his Excellency Mario G. Menocal acknowledging the receipt of his letter of May 20 last and expressing best wishes for his personal welfare and for the prosperity of Cuba. 413
Mr. Gonzales to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Oct. 6 Cuban Ports Co. case. The President and the commission have offered settlement by which Cuba pays for bonds and transfers assets of company to stockholders. 456
Same to same (telegram). Oct. 12 Same subject. Reports in detail satisfactory settlement of the case. 456
[Page XC]

DENMARK

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
Mr. White to Mr. Hay (telegram). 1899 Dec. 22 Negotiations for the purchase of the Danish West Indies. I. Negotiations for the Treaty of Jan. 24, 1902. Briefly sketches financial situation of the islands. 457
Same to same Dec. 23 Same subject. Accompanied by Christmas, I called on Minister of Marine, who states that Denmark is willing to sell. I believe that an offer of $3,500,000 would be acceptable. Incloses reports on condition of islands. 457
86 Mr. Hay to Mr. Swenson. 1900 Jan. 29 Same subject. Time appears opportune to reopen negotiations for purchase of Danish West Indies. Incloses copy of proposed convention to that end. 462
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 3 Same subject. You will be prepared to act upon instructions mailed to you on the 30th, proposing purchase of Danish West Indies. 465
do Feb. 19 Same subject. It is very desirable that convention be signed here, instead of in Copenhagen. 465
150 Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay. Feb. 22 Same subject. Recounts interviews with members of Ministry on reopening negotiations, and incloses note to Admiral Ravn. 465
151 Same to Same Feb. 28 Same subject. Incloses note from the Minister for Foreign Affairs in reply to his note of the 20th to him. 469
Mr. Hay to Mr. Swenson (telegram). Mar. 12 Same subject. Invite from Minister for Foreign Affairs statement of changes desired and telegraph in full. 470
158 Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay. Mar. 17 Same subject. Confirms and incloses copies of recent correspondence. Ministry has resigned, but it will not affect negotiations. 470
166 Same to same May 4 Same subject. Schested no longer opposed to sale; it is believed that the King, although adversely influenced, will interpose no obstacles. 471
172 do June 20 Same subject. Conditions now more favorable for negotiations: Ministry no longer opposed, and popular agitation is disappearing. Incloses note from Minister for Foreign Affairs. 472
109 Mr. Hay to Mr. Swenson. Nov. 16 Same subject. Treating at length with the wishes of Denmark regarding the nationality of inhabitants, customs regulation, obligations, and compensation. 474
[Page XCI] Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay (telegram). Nov. 27 Same subject. Article III, amended convention, unchanged. Also discrepancy in sums given. Cable corrections. 478
Mr. Hay to Mr. Swenson (telegram). Nov. 28 Same subject. Three and one quarter millions is lesser alternative. Giving text of clause to be included in Article III, if Denmark wishes islanders to be on footing of Porto Ricans. 478
185 Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay. Nov. 29 Same subject. Confirms recent correspondence. Your instructions followed. 478
Mr. Hay to Mr. Swenson (telegram). 1901 Feb. 16 Same subject. What progress in negotiations for islands? 479
190 Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay. Feb. 23 Same subject. Incloses note from Minister of Foreign Affairs, suggesting changes in draft of convention. 479
193 Same to same Mar. 11 Same subject. Gives a résumé of the situation with regard to the negotiations. 481
111 Mr. Hay to Mr. Swenson. Mar. 26 Same subject. Setting forth changes in text of convention, article by article. 483
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 27 Same subject. New draft goes to you by Oceanic to-day. Advise Minister for Foreign Affairs. 488
200 Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay. Apr. 8 Same subject. Incloses copy of Legation’s note to Minister for Foreign Affairs. 488
201 Same to same Apr. 16 Same subject. Incloses Minister’s of Foreign Affairs reply to Legation’s No. 119, in which he acknowlegdes receipt of new draft. 489
212 do Aug. 8 Same subject. Incloses note under date June 29 from Minister of Foreign Affairs, in which he discusses the new draft. 490
128 Mr. Adee to Mr. Swenson. Sept. 10 Same subject. Incloses copy of new draft of treaty, embodying all accepted suggestion of Denmark. 493
220 Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay. Oct. 3 Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of Department’s No. 128. Amended draft, therein inclosed, was handed to Minister for Foreign Affairs. 495
221 Same to same Oct. 4 Same subject. Ministry unable to dispose of obligations to sugar factories satisfactorily. We will have to offer another million to bring negotiations to close. 495
Mr. Hay to Mr. Swenson (telegram). Oct. 18 Same subject. Represent to Denmark need for deciding treaty matter at once. Will offer of quarter million more conclude matter? 496
[Page XCII] Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay (telegram). Oct. 23 Same subject. Concessions on points of difference and increase of compensation essential to conclusion of treaty. 496
227 Same to same Oct. 24 Same subject. Ministry taking advantage of America’s anxiety to get islands. Liberal money offer essential. 497
230 do Nov. 11 Same subject. Draft, as amended by Ministry, suggests changes in Article III, and increases price to $5,000,000. 498
Same to same (telegram). Nov. 26 Same subject. My advice accept “no responsibility” clause and reject “with a view” part. Delay dangerous. 499
231 Same to same Nov. 27 Same subject. Rigsdag will not accept treaty that does not exempt Denmark from obligations to island companies, etc. We must make concessions. 499
Mr. Hay to Mr. Brun. Dec. 3 Same subject. Contains suggested final clause in Article IV. 500
Same to same Dec. 4 Same subject. Incloses revised text of convention. 500
Mr. Hay to Mr. Swenson (telegram). Dec. 17 Same subject. Remind Minister for Foreign Affairs that treaty should be signed before Thursday, if possible, as Senate adjourns that day. 501
Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay (telegram). Dec. 18 Same subject. Treaty must be laid before King and Folkething Finance Committee before signed. Rigsdag favors plebiscite. 501
234 Same to same Dec. 19 Same subject. Minister for Foreign Affairs unable to expedite matters. 501
235 do Dec. 21 Same subject. Gives a review of present situation. Opposition meeting held, at which demand for plebiscite was expressed. 502
236 do Dec. 27 Same subject. Incloses copy of petition, for plebiscite in islands, which is to be presented to King, Ministry, and Rigsdag. Opponents of sale behind move. 504
Mr. Brun to Mr. Hay. Dec. 27 Same subject. It is desired that simultaneously with the signature of the treaty a note be sent declaring that United States Government will not support any claim against Denmark by private parties; requests that draft be sent for transmission to Minister of Foreign Affairs. 505
Mr. Hay to Mr. Brun. Dec. 30 Same subject. Incloses draft of note to be sent to him upon signing of formal treaty. 506
[Page XCIII] Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay (telegram). 1902 Jan. 2 Same subject. Hold Minister for Foreign Affairs to agreement to sign treaty with understanding that no plebiscite will be ordered. 506
237 Same to same do Same subject. If Minister does not yield, demand for plebiscite will disappear. 506
Mr. Brun to Mr. Hay. Jan. 7 Same subject. Present three alternatives to the United States, the object of them all being the holding of a plebiscite in the islands. 507
366 Mr. Hay to Mr. Brun. Jan. 9 Same subject. This Government regards question of plebiscite as matter concerning Denmark alone. 508
Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay (telegram). Jan. 15 Same subject. Brun advises Minister Foreign Affairs to order plebiscite before signing treaty. Press for immediate signature. 510
239 Same to same do Same subject. Petition was presented to King; it has not made the impression expected. 510
Mr. Hay to Mr. Swenson (telegram). do Same subject. Danish Minister informed that this Government could neither assent nor object to plebiscite. The signature of treaty would seem to be next step. 511
Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay (telegram). Jan. 16 Same subject. Full power to sign will be cabled soon as possible. 512
240 Same to same Jan. 18 Same subject. When informed that this Government believed question of plebiscite to be purely concern of Denmark, Minister for Foreign Affairs stated that no further obstacles to signing appeared. 512
Mr. Brun to Mr. Hay. Jan. 23 Same subject. I have been authorized to sign the convention for the cession of the Danish West India Islands to the United States; your draft note satisfactory to my government. 513
Jan. 24 Same subject. Text of treaty 514
369 Mr. Hay to Mr. Brun. do Same subject. This Government is under no obligation to private parties in reaching present agreement with Denmark. 517
243 Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay. Jan. 31 Same subject. Incloses note from Minister for Foreign Affairs, advising that Mr. Brun has been authorized to sign the treaty. 517
137 Mr. Hay to Mr. Swenson. Feb. 19 Same subject. Senate has ratified treaty. 518
Mr. Brun to Mr. Hay. Feb. 22 Same subject. Error has been detected in Danish text of convention; hopes he will consent to change without formality of signing entirely new copies. 518
[Page XCIV]386 Mr. Hay to Mr. Brun. Feb. 24 Same subject. In acknowledgment of yours of the 22d; the omitted words have been inserted. 519
246 Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay. Mar. 5 Same Subject. Treaty has been referred to Landsthing. 520
248 Same to same Mar. 22 Same subject. Folkething has ratified treaty; opponents massing to defeat it in Landsthing. 521
Mr. Dalzell to Mr. Hay. Mar. 31 Same subject. Submits alleged report of Capt. W. Christmas Holmfeld to Danish Government relative to purchase of Danish West Indies. 522
Mr. Hay to Mr. Dalzell. Apr. 3 Same subject. Reports interview with Captain Christmas at the Department. 523
252 Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay. Apr. 14 Same subject. Incloses letter from Christmas. Landsthing will hold vote on treaty in two or three days. 523
Mr. Brun to Mr. Hay. Apr. 18 Same subject. Points out error in treaty interpretation found in Department’s memo to Foreign Relations Committee of Senate. 526
Memorandum Same subject. Department memo supporting Mr. Brun’s contention. 527
Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay (telegram). May 2 Same subject. Department’s memo Foreign Relations Committee may cause rejection treaty. Cable explanation. 528
Mr. Hay to Mr. Brun. May 3 Same subject. In confirmation of this morning’s statement to effect this Government agrees with interpretation of treaty set forth in yours of Apr. 18. 528
Mr. Hay to Mr. Swenson (telegram). do Same subject. Danish Minister informed that this Government agrees with Denmark in accepting Mr. Brun’s interpretation of treaty. 528
255 Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay. May 6 Same subject. Explaining circumstances which caused cable of May 2. 529
Same to same (telegram). May 16 Same subject. Folkething adopted majority and Landsthing minority report; this precludes ratification this session. Cable you are willing to extend time. 530
Mr. Hay to Mr. Swenson (telegram). May 17 Same subject. Is willing to sign protocol extending time for ratification. 531
Same to same (telegram). May 19 Same subject. Propose extension of one year of ratification period. 531
257 Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay. May 22 Same subject. Lengthy review of situation, inclosing report of conference committee. 531
[Page XCV] Mr. Brun to Mr. Hay. May 30 Same subject. Having received authorization to sign protocol extending time for ratification, I am at your disposal for further agreement. 536
258 Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay. June 2 Same subject. King has consented to extension of time limit for ratification of treaty. Minister asked for written assurance that United States would not take islands until money was paid. 537
410 Mr. Hay to Mr. Brun. June 3 Same subject. Acknowledges his note of May 30, and incloses draft of protocol. 538
Same to same June 3 Same subject. In re conversation some days ago, I am inclosing memorandum. 539
Mr. Brun to Mr. Hay. June 4 Same subject. Accepts text of supplementary convention, and offers to sign at any convenient time. 539
260 Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay. do Same subject. Forwards under separate cover copies of documents relating to ratification of treaty. 539
411 Mr. Hay to Mr. Brun. June 6 Same subject. I shall be pleased to sign protocol with you on June 7, at 10 o’clock. 540
149 Mr. Hay to Mr. Swenson. June 12 Same subject. Protocol extending time ratification signed June 7. 540
150 Same to same June 16 Same subject. Senate ratified protocol on June 13. 540
Mr. Hay to Mr. Brun. do Same subject. This Government will not take possession of the islands until stipulated sum is paid. 541
Mr. Swenson to Mr. Hay (telegram). Oct. 22 Same subject. Treaty failed ratification Landsthing by tie vote. 541
280 Same to same Oct. 28 Same subject. Reports on the rejection of the treaty. 541
282 do Nov. 3 Same subject. Quotes translation of essential parts of speech delivered by Premier and Minister of Foreign Affairs Deuntzer in the Folkething, on rejection of treaty ceding Danish West Indies to the United States. 544
69 Mr. Payne to Mr. Pierce. 1905 June 5 Same subject. II. Informal discussions. Hamburg-American Steamship Co., a German organization, has apparently absorbed the West India Co.; Germany’s interests strong. 545
5 Mr. O’Brien to Mr. Hay. June 30 Same subject. Minister for Foreign Affairs says his Government made mistake in failing to ratify treaty; islands continual financial burden. 546
[Page XCVI]6 Mr. O’Brien to Mr. Adee. July 3 Same subject. Incloses copy of item mentioned in his of 30th ultimo. 546
4 Mr. Adee to Mr. O’Brien. July 15 Same subject. Legation’s report that the question of the purchase of West Indies will come up again at the next session of Congress is erroneous; treaty is dead on account lapse of extended time for exchange of ratifications. 546
5 Same to same July 19 Same subject. Supplementing Department’s No. 4 ascertain whether Danish Government is now inclined to ratify a treaty. 547
15 Mr. O’Brien to Mr. Root. Aug. 11 Same subject. Further conference had with Foreign Minister who believes that time is not opportune for renewing negotiations. 547
18 Same to same Aug. 16 Same subject. Incloses translation of article published in Danish newspaper; please send in general way facts concerning island referred to in my No. 15. 548
41 Mr. Adee to Mr. Payne. Sept. 2 Same subject. Department is in receipt of advices from representatives in Copenhagen confirming reports of the absorption of the Danish West India Co.; watch situation and report. 549
31 Mr. O’Brien to Mr. Root. Oct. 19 Same subject. Incloses clipping from Chicago Tribune dealing with subject in question; nothing new has occurred. 549
33 Same to same Oct. 20 Same subject. At interview with President of West India Co. I was informed that Water Island is owned by his company; probable that his company will continue in service. 549
34 do Oct. 23 Same subject. Incloses translation of article appearing in Hamburger Nachrichten on the 18th, which expresses German resentment at suspiciousness of Americans. 550
45 Mr. Lorillard to Mr. Root. Nov. 24 Same subject. Matter of alleged sale of Water Island is being carefully watched by foreign representatives here; German Government denies participation and further the alleged sale has not taken place. 551
50 Same to same Dec. 1 Same subject. Tariff in West Indies will probably be increased from 3 per cent to 6 per cent. 552
57 do Dec. 16 Same subject. Bill is introduced in the Folkething providing for increase in tariff; also other reform bills. 553
[Page XCVII]60 Same to same Dec. 19 Same subject. Incloses copy of bill presented to Folkething proposing change in tariff. 553
173 Mr. O’Brien to Mr. Root. 1907 May 29 Same subject. Incloses correspondence passing between himself and Foreign Minister relative to the sale of the islands. 554
176 Same to same May 30 Same subject. Interview with Foreign Minister discloses fact that Danish Government will not ratify a treaty for the sale. 556
Mr. Egan to Mr. Root. 1909 Apr. 17 Same subject. Denmark’s financial affairs in a deplorable condition; may consent to sell islands. 557
Mr. Egan to Mr. Adee. July 19 Same subject. Time will come when it will be expedient to open question of Danish Antilles; if I may have leave in September will bring along with me Captain Cold, late Governor of the Islands, who has much information on subject. 557
Mr. Egan to Mr. Knox. Aug. 9 1910 Same subject. Reports on present state of Danish politics and finances speaking of de Richelieu as being the most important man in Denmark. 557
324 Same to same 1910 July 15 Same subject. Reports on political conditions. 559
Mr. Egan to Mr. Wilson. Sept. 20 Same subject. Incloses résumé and synthesis of propositions implying cession of Mindanao to Denmark and Greenland and West Indies to United States. 561
367 Mr. Egan to Mr. Knox. Dec. 6 Same subject. Tendency towards sale of islands is growing; would be useless to approach the subject at Foreign Office until public opinion is more formed. 564
111 Mr. Knox to Mr. Egan. 1911 Jan. 25 Same subject. Keep Department fully informed with regard to matter mentioned in your 367. 565
444 Mr. Egan to Mr. Knox. July 21 Same subject. Incloses report on present condition of Danish West Indies from Danish viewpoint. It is not yet time to open negotiations. 566
448 Same to same Aug. 23 Same subject. Incloses newspaper clipping and translation of same which appeared in Copenhagen newspaper on subject of sale of Danish West India Islands. 573
[Page XCVIII]464 Same to same Nov. 2 Same subject. Incloses translation of article published in Social-Demokraten discussing efforts of Germany to obtain foothold in America and possibility of canal to be built by Germany in competition with Panama Canal. 575
476 do Nov. 14 Same subject. Danish Minister of Foreign Affairs during conversation says Denmark will remain neutral; discussed generally the sale of the islands. 577
478 do Nov. 15 Same subject. Incloses clippings from Danish papers discussing sale and agricultural and financial condition of West Indies. 578
694 Mr. Egan to Mr. Bryan. 1913 May 27 Same subject. Supplements report made on Danish West Indies, incloses translation of article written by former Governor of Danish Antilles. 580
833 Same to same 1915 Mar. 8 Same subject. III. Negotiations for the Treaty of Aug. 4, 1916. Suggests a reopening of negotiations for the purchase of the islands. 588
850 do May 24 Same subject. In unofficial conversation with Minister of Foreign Affairs, he agreed that transfer of islands is to be desired. 590
27 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Egan (telegram). June 16 Same subject. Department approves plan suggested in your No. 833. You may discreetly approach proper officials. 591
867 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing. July 17 Same subject. In interview with Governor of Danish West Indies, he admitted present conditions are not good, but is opposed to sale. 592
37 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Egan (telegram). Aug. 10 Same subject. Department suggests you speak to Minister Foreign Affairs to ascertain whether Denmark would negotiate. 593
870 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 18 Same subject. In confidential talk with Minister of Foreign Affairs, he intimated that if offer made was generous and just, it would be favorably considered. 593
168 Same to same (telegram). Aug. 19 Same subject. In interview with Minister of Foreign Affairs, he stated that he favored sale, on good offer, but immediate action would seem strange because of war. 595
173 do Sept. 16 Same subject. It is evident that Danish Government will soon need money. 595
[Page XCIX]185 Same to same (telegram). Nov. 8 Same subject. Understood Danish socialists behind Jackson’s uprising. Government dispatching Valkyrian. Sentiment in favor sale growing fast. 595
254 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Egan. Nov. 9 Same subject. Danish Minister states that due to Panama Canal, islands worth more now, and Denmark would hesitate to part with commercial advantages. I assured him that could be arranged by treaty. 596
889 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing. Nov. 19 Same subject. British Minister states that his Government would not object to sale; nor is there any sign of German opposition. 596
207 Same to same (telegram). 1916 Jan. 8 Same subject. Probably our last opportunity purchase islands. Denmark frightened by increasing expenditures; needs money. 598
67 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Egan (telegram). Jan. 10 Same subject. Department will consider offer of sale for sum of $25,000,000, although not agreeing to pay this amount. 598
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Brun. Jan. 29 Same subject. Requests statement of Danish obligations and rights in the islands. 598
Same to same do Same subject and tenor 599
Mr. Brun to Mr. Lansing. Feb. 7 Same subject. Information regarding Danish obligations in islands due Feb. 6 on S. S. Frederik VIII. 599
910 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing. Feb. 21 Same subject. Mr. Hagamann, who has great interests in St. Croix, desires sale, and believes it can be effected if price set is high. 600
220 Same to same (telegram). Feb. 23 Same subject. Minister Foreign Affairs pressing for action on West Indies proposition. 601
Mr. Zabriskie to Mr. Carr. Feb. 24 Same subject. Reports on laborer’s strike in St. Croix and status of West Indian Co. 601
88 Mr. Polk to Mr. Egan (telegram). Mar. 14 Same subject. Gives draft of treaty to be submitted to Foreign Minister. 604
227 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 20 Same subject. Foreign Office states brief summary impossible owing to numerous amendments. Where should missing words “Article III” be inserted in draft? 607
89 Mr. Polk to Mr. Egan (telegram). Mar. 21 Same subject. Words “Article III” occur after “parsonages appertaining thereto”. 608
92 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Egan (telegram). Mar. 27 Same subject. This Government will assume all legal liabilities under Article III if treaty can be signed at once. 608
[Page C]915 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 27 Same subject. Incloses copies of original documents referred to in Department’s instruction No. 88. 608
230 Same to same (telegram). Mar. 30 Same subject. Foreign Minister afraid Germany would misinterpret Denmark’s motives if negotiations were made public. 616
917 Same to same Apr. 10 Same subject. Further word with Foreign Office convinces me that delay caused by rumors of friction between United States and Germany. 616
238 Same to same (telegram). Apr. 23 Same subject. Received Danish contre projet. Shall I cable synopsis? 617
99 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Egan. Apr. 24 Same subject. Cable complete contre proposition. 617
240 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Apr. 27 Same subject. Gives full text of Danish contre projet; points out that but small difference exists between that and American project. 617
107 Same to same (telegram). May 23 Same subject. Foreign Minister thinks time ripe for presentation island question here, and that United States will not object to Greenland project. 622
110 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Egan (telegram). June 9 Same subject. States in what points United States objects to contre projet, treating it article by article. 622
267 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). June 29 Same subject. Will cable Foreign Office’s suggestions on question of draft; Danish Government requests secrecy be maintained. 625
268 Same to same (telegram). June 30 Same subject. Gives Danish new counter project; concession is made to most of United States’ demands. 625
937 Same to same July 4 Same subject. Incloses copies of concessions granted by Denmark in the Danish West Indies. 627
Mr. Brun to Mr. Polk. July 18 Same subject. Incloses new Danish draft of convention with attached memorandum commenting on same. 634
Mr. Polk to Mr. Brun (telegram). July 27 Same subject. Please telegraph what words “capitals allotted to the churches” mean. 640
Mr. Brun to Mr. Lansing (telegram). July 28 Same subject. Words referred to mean sums of money set aside for use of churches. 641
Mr. Brun to Mr. Polk (telegram). July 29 Same subject. Danish Government wishes to receive formal statement from you to effect you accept Greenland proposal, before sending me full powers. 641
Mr. Polk to Mr. Brun (telegram). July 31 Same subject. Greenland proposal is accepted. Gives in detail minor changes in wording. 641
[Page CI] Mr. Zabriskie to Mr. Carr. July 31 Same subject. Quotes comments printed in West Indian papers on sale. 642
Aug. 4 Same subject. Declaration concerning Greenland. 700
286 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 5 Same subject. Meeting of Ministers and representatives of all parties in Rigsdag yesterday was communicated to papers; they took various attitudes toward sale. 643
142 Mr. Polk to Mr. Egan (telegram). do Same subject. Treaty signed yesterday. Furthur information desired relative to harbor concession to West Indian Co. 643
143 Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Blame for premature publicity does not rest on this Government, as stories published all came from Copenhagen. 644
Mr. Polk to Mr. Payne (telegram). do Same subject. Please report character and extent of each monopoly that does not arise from direct concession of Denmark. 644
287 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 7 Same subject. Evident our Government not responsible for publicity. For months rumors of sale were current here. 645
289 Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Foreign Office informs me first publicity came from Ambassador Jusserand to Minister Bapst, who opposes American policy in purchase. 645
Mr. Polk to President Wilson. do Same subject. Submits treaty to President. 645
291 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 8 Same subject. Foreign Office informs me there are no documents setting forth more definitely rights of West India Co. than two of Jan. 18 and Apr. 16, 1913. 646
Mr. Polk to Mr. Brun (telegram). do Same subject. Treaty transmitted by President to Senate today. 646
943 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 9 Same subject. Incloses copies of letters referred to in Legation’s telegram 293, Aug. 10. 646
293 Same to same (telegram). Aug. 10 Same subject. Summary of letters of Oct. 2, 11, and 14, 1912, and of Jan. 6, 1913, all relative to the harbor concession. 649
146 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Egan (telegram). Aug. 11 Same subject. Obtain statement from Danish Government that harbor concession was annulled in 1913. How long is West Indian Co. entitled to hold concession? Does it carry exclusive rights? 650
325 Mr. Payne to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 14 Same subject. Gives report on monopolies in Danish West Indies. Hostile attitude of Governor was a handicap in getting the information. Incloses ordinance in re subsidies to telephone company. 650
[Page CII]303 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 15 Same subject. Andersen, representative of West India Co. asserts that concession lapsed and became commercial grant to his corporation, without monopoly or set period of time. 654
306 Same to same (telegram). Aug. 16 Same subject. Gives reply of Finance Minister to question whether harbor concession was canceled. 655
946 Same to same Aug. 17 Same subject. Incloses translation of ordinance of Apr. 1, 1913, in re duty exemption on harbor improvement materials. 656
150 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Egan (telegram). Aug. 18 Same subject. Senate Committee makes certain inquiries relating to Art. 2 of Danish treaty; obtain information and telegraph earliest possible moment. 656
318 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 21 Same subject. Minister of Foreign Affairs answers questions asked by Senate Committee regarding churches mentioned in Department’s 150. 657
320 Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Answers Department’s 150. Minister for Foreign Affairs is instructing Government of the islands to furnish further information to Danish Minister at Washington. 657
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Brun (telegram). do Same subject. Please telegraph meaning of “Government’s own balance being” contained in your note of March 2. 658
153 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Egan (telegram). Aug. 22 Same subject. Legation’s 318. If clause in Art. II regarding churches contemplates that this Government shall assist in maintenance of churches it will be impossible to make treaty effective; please clear up this point. 658
Mr. Brun to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Paragraph mentioned in Department’s Aug. 21 has been incorrectly translated; gives correct translation. 658
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Brun (telegram). do Same subject. Am I to understand that the Danish West Indies is debtor to the Danish Government in sum of two amounts mentioned? 659
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Stone. do Same subject. Incloses summary memorandum in answer to Mr. Stone’s inquiry for information regarding certain articles contained in proposed treaty. 659
Mr. Brun to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 23 Same subject. Reference your second telegram Aug. 22; my understanding of paragraph in question is the same as yours. 665
[Page CIII]323 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 23 Same subject. National Tidendde publishes communication in answer to alleged question put to President and answered by official of Department to effect that question of payment of $25,000,000 is delaying passage of treaty. 666
155 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Egan (telegram). Aug. 24 Same subject. No official of Department has made statement of kind indicated in your 323; use this information in your discretion to counteract any impression that treaty may not be ratified. 666
323 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Reference your 153 of Aug. 22. Danish Government does not expect United States to assume responsibility for church funds; there is no objection to an exchange of notes. 666
325 Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes note received from Foreign Office with reference to maintenance of churches. 666
326 Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Foreign Minister informs me in writing of the condition of the various churches. 667
Mr. Payne to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 25 Same subject. By order Colonial Council, Governor petitions Copenhagen for immediate sale of islands. 667
328 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Order of the day in Upper House suggests question be decided by Parliament elected in accordance with new constitution; majority in favor; spokesman of the Left, which forms main opposition to sale, is convinced that result of new election will be the sale of the islands. 667
329 Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Gives résumé of four letters from Ministry of Finance relating to St. Thomas harbor concession in answer to Department’s inquiry 150, Aug. 18. 668
Mr. Brun to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Incloses for inspection full power by which he was authorized to sign treaty for Danish Government. 670
330 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 26 Same subject. Foreign Minister says postponement of question until after war would be in contravention of conditions of treaty; we will insist on new election. 670
[Page CIV]331 Same to same (telegram). Aug. 26 Same subject. Your 155. On account of rumors current here that United States is putting undue pressure on Denmark for cession of islands within time limit I have been obliged to say authoritatively that there is no pressure. 671
949 Same to same Aug. 31 Same subject. Transmits copies and translations of four letters referred to in Legation’s telegram 329, Aug. 25. 671
339 Same to same (telegram). Sept. 4 Same subject. There is no doubt of the ratification of the treaty in November. 674
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Brun (telegram). Sept. 8 Same subject. Treaty was ratified by the Senate yesterday. 674
Mr. Brun to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Congratulations upon ratification of treaty by the Senate. 674
164 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Egan (telegram). Sept. 9 Same subject. Quotes form of note to be exchanged with the Danish Minister concerning property of the Danish National Church in the islands. 675
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Brun. Sept. 11 Same subject. Incloses copy of above telegram. 676
342 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Sept. 14 Same subject. The Danish Government accepts the understanding as to the meaning of the provisions of the treaty concerning the Church in the islands. 676
167 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Egan (telegram). Sept. 15 Same subject. Department prefers that notes be exchanged at Washington. 677
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Brun (telegram). do Same subject. Department has telegraphed to the Minister at Copenhagen to ask the Danish Government to telegraph text of note to you. 677
Mr. Brun to Mr. Lansing. Sept. 16 Same subject. Will advise the Department as soon as Danish text of note is received. 677
352 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Sept. 26 Same subject. Recites privileges of the West India Co. in the islands. 678
959 Same to same Sept. 27 Same subject. Transmits a memorandum from the Minister of Finance concerning the privileges of the West India Co. at St. Thomas. 678
356 Same to same (telegram). Sept. 29 Same subject. It has been decided to hold a referendum in the islands. 680
360 Same to same Oct. 1 Same subject. Quotes addresses of the Prime Minister and the President of the Parliamentary Committee in the Lower House. 681
Mr. Brun to Mr. Lansing. Oct. 2 Same subject. The question of the cession of the islands will be submitted to a special commission and to a plebiscite. 681
[Page CV]364 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Oct. 5 Same subject. The special committee has sent for the West India colonial boards for conference. The plebiscite may not be held. 682
Mr. Brun to Mr. Lansing. Oct. 6 Same subject. Incloses Danish text of the notes to be exchanged. 682
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Brun. Oct. 10 Same subject. Requests to be advised for what period Mr. Svendsen holds his concession. 684
Same to same Oct. 12 Same subject. It seems best to defer exchange of notes until the exchange of the ratifications of the treaty. 684
370 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Oct. 18 Same subject. The referendum is expected to be held Dec. 13 or 14 next. 684
Mr. Brun to Mr. Lansing. Oct. 19 Same subject and tenor 685
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Brun. Oct. 24 Same subject. The Consul at St. Thomas reports the sentiment of the inhabitants is in favor of the cession of the islands. 685
377 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Nov. 10 Same subject. The Commission has decided to hold the plebiscite on Dec. 14 next. 686
388 Same to same (telegram). Nov. 25 Same subject. The West India Committee has made majority and minority reports for and against the sale of the islands. Majority urges sale of islands. 686
979 Same to same Dec. 6 Same subject. Incloses a synopsis of the final statement of the Danish Parliamentary Commission on the sale of the islands. 686
397 Same to same (telegram). Dec. 15 Same subject. Result of plebiscite is in favor of the sale. 687
401 do Dec. 20 Same subject. The Lower House voted to-day for ratification of the treaty. 688
402 do Dec. 21 Same subject. Upper House voted to-day for ratification. 688
405 do Dec. 22 Same subject. The treaty was ratified to-day by the King. 688
Mr. Brun to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Advises of the ratification of the treaty. 688
Same to same Dec. 29 Same subject. Informs that he has received authority to exchange the notes in regard to church property. 688
1917 Jan. 3 Same subject. Exchange of notes concerning funds and property of the Danish National Church in the Danish West Indies. 701
411 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 5 Same subject. The Danish Government desires that the transfer of the islands to the United States take place as soon as possible. The King has expressed hope that the islands will not be placed under the Government of Porto Rico. 689
[Page CVI]216 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Egan (telegram). Jan. 6 Same subject. Requests a map showing the boundaries of the Danish West Indies. 689
217 Same to same (telegram). Jan. 8 Same subject. The formal delivery of the islands will be expedited as much as possible. The wish of the King will be laid before the proper authorities for consideration in connection with the form of government to be established in the islands. 690
415 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 10 Same subject. Maps will be forwarded on the 11th instant. 690
894 Same to same do Same subject. Transmits official map of the Danish West Indies. 690
Mr. Brun to Mr. Lansing. Jan. 16 Same subject. Advises that he has received the instrument of ratification of the treaty. The Danish Government would like to have the transfer of the islands completed as soon as convenient to the United States. 691
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Brun. Jan. 17 Same subject. There seems to be no obstacle to the transfer of the islands at an early date. 692
Mr. Lansing to President Wilson. Jan. 22 Same subject. Incloses text of the treaty which was ratified on Jan. 17, 1917, and requests that Congress be asked to appropriate $25,000,000 to be paid to Denmark by Apr. 17, 1917. 692
Jan. 25 Same subject. Text of treaty 694
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Brun. Mar. 22 Same subject. The Government of the United States is ready to pay to the Danish Government the $25,000,000 stipulated in the treaty. Asks to be advised who will receive the money. 702
Same to same Mar. 27 Same subject. The Danish Minister having been authorized to receive the money, it will be paid to him on the 31st inst., and the islands will be taken over by the United States on the same day. 703
do Mar. 28 Same subject. Commander Edwin T. Pollock, U. S. N., will take over the islands instead of Admiral William L. Rodgers, U. S. N. 703
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Payne (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs him to close the consulate and to proceed to Washington upon arrival and assumption of charge of Commander Pollock. 704
Circular Apr. 2 Same subject. Instructs to advise Government to which accredited of treaty and to request that consular officers be given new commissions. 704
[Page CVII]1010 Mr. Egan to Mr. Lansing. Apr. 3 Same subject. Incloses copy of the Royal Resolution of Mar. 9, 1917, which was in the form of an open letter to the inhabitants of the Danish West Indies from the King of Denmark. 705
Circular Apr. 19 Same subject. Advises that the Danish West Indies, transferred to the United States, will be known as the Virgin Islands, and instructs that consular services in connection with the islands must be performed in the same manner as services for other insular possessions of the United States. 706

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Russell (telegram). 1917 Jan. 2 Political affairs. Military Government may now undertake proposed economies. 707
152 Mr. Russell to Mr. Lansing. Jan. 5 Same subject. Military Government accepted with good grace. Conditions improving. Work of reconstruction and carrying on of Government demand that officers be free of other duties. Executive order issued suspending functions of Congress and eliminating emoluments of Senators and Deputies. 707
93 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Russell. Jan. 23 Same subject. Acknowledges Legation’s No. 152, Jan. 5. Question of work of reconstruction receiving careful consideration. Action of advising suspension of Congress approved. 708
224 Mr. Goold to Mr. Lansing. July 21 The Dominican Claims Commission of 1917. Incloses copies of Executive orders establishing and setting forth powers of the commission. 720
229 Same to same July 27 Political affairs. Refers to Legation’s Oct. 24, 1916. Bandit Emiliano Rojas sentenced to prison. 709
Mr. Daniels to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 8 Same subject. Transmits a copy of the annual report of the Military Government of Santo Domingo from date of proclamation, Nov. 29, 1916, to June 30, 1917. 709
Dominican Claims Commission to Admiral Knapp. Aug. 11 Dominican Claims Commission of 1917. Submits memoranda and recommendation regarding the means of liquidating the awards upon claims approved by the commission. 723
[Page CVIII] Mr. Daniels to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 15 Same subject. Inauguration of the Dominican Claims Commission. 726
158 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Goold. Aug. 16 Same subject. Acknowledges the receipt of Legation’s No. 224 of July 21. Instructs to keep the Department informed of the proceedings and progress of the claims commission. 727
258 Mr. Goold to Mr. Lansing. Oct. 10 Same subject. Incloses copy of Executive Order No. 83 fixing the specific date of the plan of adjustment in regard to claims. 727
Mr. Daniels to Mr. Lansing. Nov. 15 Political affairs. Transmits a copy of the quarterly report of the Military Government of Santo Domingo, from July 1, 1917, to Sept. 30, 1917. 718
275 Mr. Russell to Mr. Lansing. Dec. 15 Dominican Claims Commission of 1917. Gives number of registered claims. Certain American claimants not heard from. Efforts made to have all claimants register claims. Encloses copy of rule No. 1 in regard to the presentation by foreign representatives of the claims of their nationals. 728
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Russell (telegram). Dec. 29 Same subject. Legation’s No. 275, Dec. 15, 1917. Instructs to enter appearance for certain American claimants. 729

ECUADOR

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
Mr. Hartman to Mr. Lansing (telegram). 1917 Jan. 3 Guyaquil & Quito Ry. Co. claims. No answer on question until return of Minister of Hacienda; if answer, unfavorable will file note with Foreign Office. 730
Same to same (telegram). Jan. 4 Same subject. Foreign Office requested extension of time until Tuesday in which to answer inquiry as to when Ecuador will resume deposits. 730
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Hartman (telegram). Jan. 11 Same subject. Telegraph at once railroad situation and whether Government of Ecuador will pay interest on bonds and resume deposits. 731
Mr. Hartman to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 12 Same subject. Delay of answer due to investigation of Minister of Hacienda; when received will report at once. 731
Same to same (telegram). Jan. 13 Same subject. Minister of Foreign Affairs evades question of payment of interest and resumption deposits; will immediately restate case. 731
[Page CIX] Same to same (telegram). Jan. 18 Same subject. Ecuadorean Government makes offer to railway company to contribute coal in partial payment of interest due; effective pressure can be brought to bear by suggestion suspension pending loan in case interest is not paid. 731
205 Same to same Feb. 6 Same subject. Summarizes negotiations with Foreign Minister, incloses copies of notes exchanged and again calls attention to bringing pressure to bear with regard to suspension of loan. 732
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Hartman (telegram). Feb. 13 Same subject. Ecuadorean Chargé d’ Affaires challenges statement railway company that it can not pay interest; misinterprets attitude of American Government with regard to payment by Ecuador; intimate orally to Minister Department will not approve loan unless payments resumed. 736
Mr. Hartman to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 17 Same subject. Reference Department’s Feb. 13; instructions complied with. 738
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 4 Same subject. Minister of Interior will reply to my note of Feb. 17; British Chargé says Ecuadorean Government will agree to a conference on indebtedness and proposed loan. 738
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Hartman (telegram). Mar. 13 Same subject. Department will discuss with railroad officials in New York statements made to you by British Chargé. 739
Mr. Hartman to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 16 Same subject. Limited work continuing on new railways; statement British Chargé reliable. 739
213 Same to same Mar. 27 Same subject. Incloses copies of notes exchanged; Minister for Foreign Affairs states Ecuador not responsible for failure arbitration of 1908. 739
236 do Sept. 3 Same subject. Ecuadorean Government evades payment interest prior lien bonds; reports show Ecuador has money; railway company to poor to pay. 744
Same to same (telegram). Oct. 4 Same subject. Ecuador withdraws commission to adjust differences between itself and railway company; instructs fiscal attorney bring suit against it. 746
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Hartman (telegram). Nov. 10 Same subject. Instructs him lodge protest with Government against taking action against railway company. 746
[Page CX] Same to same (telegram). Nov. 26 Same subject. Refers to statement of Foreign Office transmitted in his March 27 to effect that controversy with railway is not subject for diplomatic intervention and instructs him inform Ecuadorean Government original contract contemplates differences and provides for diplomatic arbitration. 746

GREECE

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
1033 Mr. Vouros to Mr. Lansing. 1917 June 14 Abdication of King Constantin and accession to the throne of King Alexander. Announces. 749
1358 Mr. Roussos to Mr. Lansing. Sept. 8 Same subject. Incloses autographed letter from the King to the President announcing accession to the throne. 749
12 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Roussos. Oct. 6 Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of his note of Sept. 8, 1917. 750
155 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Droppers. do Same subject. Incloses autographic letter from the President to the King acknowledging receipt of his letter of July 6, 1917. 750

GUATEMALA

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
416 Mr. Ewing to Mr. Lansing. 1917 Feb. 15 Boundary dispute between Guatemala and Honduras. Reports that the Cuyamel Fruit Co. is experiencing difficulty in constructing a railroad in territory which is claimed by both countries. 760
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 19 Same subject. Guatemala has ordered military occupation of the territory in dispute. Honduras willing to arbitrate dispute. 761
Mr. Membreño to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Incloses copies of telegrams from the President of Honduras advising him of the military occupation of the disputed territory by Guatemalan troops and instructing him to request the good offices of the United States. 761
Mr. Leavell to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 20 Same subject. Is informed that the Cuyamel Fruit Co. tried to obtain a concession in the disputed territory recently in Guatemala. 762
[Page CXI] Mr. Méndez to Mr. Lansing. Feb. 21 Same subject. His Government instructed him to inform the American Government that a large Honduran armed force invaded Guatemalan territory. 763
Same to same Feb. 24 Same subject. His Government instructed him to inform the Department that a large Honduran armed force is still occupying Guatemalan territory. Guatemala has done nothing but lodge a protest. 763
423 Mr. Ewing to Mr. Lansing. Feb. 28 Same subject. Mixed commissions heretofore appointed to meet upon the boundary question were always failures, and it is recommended that steps be taken to secure a permanent settlement of the difficulty. 763
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Leavell (telegram). Mar. 3 Same subject. Instructs to investigate report that a force of Honduran troops have invaded territory claimed by Guatemala. 764
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Ewing (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs to investigate and report in detail report that a force of Honduran troops have occupied territory claimed by Guatemala and which is in dispute between both Governments. 764
Mr. Ewing to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 5 Same subject. Upon threat of invasion by Guatemala of disputed territory Honduran troops were sent there but were recalled upon suggestion of this Legation. Gives details of boundary dispute. 764
65 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Médez. Mar. 6 Same subject. His notes of Feb. 21 and 24 have been referred to the American Minister to Honduras for report. 765
39 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Membreño. do Same subject. His note of Feb. 19 has been referred to the American Minister to Guatemala for report. 765
364 Mr. Leavell to Mr. Lansing. do Message of the President to Congress. Transmits copy of. 751
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 8 Boundary dispute. The trouble seems to have grown out of competition between two American fruit companies in the disputed territory. All quiet at present. 765
159 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Leavell. July 6 Same subject. Transmits correspondence between the Cuyamel Fruit Co. and Guatemalan officials concerning the company’s rights in the disputed territory and instructs to request the President of Guatemala to leave the matter in statu quo until the boundary dispute is settled. 766
[Page CXII]398 Mr. Lea veil to Mr. Lansing. July 30 Arrest of the American Minister by a Guatemalan officer. Reports incident, incloses correspondence with the Foreign Office. The Guatemalan Government offered ample apologies. 752
Same to same (telegram). Aug. 7 Boundary dispute. The Guatemalan Government has sent a special representative to Honduras to arrange the matter amicably if possible. 766
165 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Lea veil. Aug. 21 Arrest of the American Minister. Approves his action. 753
Special Guatemalan Mission to Mr. Lansing. Sept. 18 Boundary dispute. Report on the boundary question. 766
Mr. Ewing to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Nov. 1 Same subject. It is reported that a large number of men are preparing a trail from Guatemala into Honduras. 779
Mr. Polk to Mr. Leavell (telegram). Nov. 3 Same subject. Instructs to investigate the report that a large number of Guatemalan laborers, guarded by soldiers, are preparing a trail into Honduran territory, and to request information from the Guatemalan Government. 779
Mr. Polk to Mr. Ewing (telegram). do Same subject. Has requested a statement from the Guatemalan Government concerning reported movement in the vicinity of Omoa. 779
Mr. Leavell to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Nov. 6 Same subject. Guatemalan soldiers guarding laborers repairing roads and bridges in the disputed territory have been withdrawn. Honduras has now a large armed force in that locality. 779
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Ewing (telegram). Nov. 12 Same subject. Guatemalan Special Mission in Washington has requested good offices and mediation of this Government in the dispute. If both countries desire this and so request the United States will tender its good offices. 780
Mr. Méndez to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. His Government accepts the offer of good offices made by the United States. 780
The Guatemalan Special Mission to Mr. Lansing. Nov. 13 Same subject. Requests that the United States interpose its good offices with Honduras to the end that the last boundary treaty be put into force. 781
Mr. Ewing to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Nov. 16 Same subject. Government of Honduras accepts offer of United States to mediate in boundary dispute. 781
[Page CXIII]549 Same to same Nov. 16 Same subject. Incloses correspondence with the Foreign Office stating that the military force of Honduras has not been appreciably increased in the disputed territory, and that the Government of Honduras accepts the offer of the United States to mediate in the matter. 782
96 Mr. Polk to Mr. Méndez. do Same subject. Requests copy of the treaty recently concluded between Guatemala and Honduras concerning the disputed boundary. 783
Mr. Polk to the Guatemalan Special Mission. Nov. 17 Same subject. Acknowledges note of the 13th inst. 784
Mr. Méndez to Mr. Lansing. Dec. 5 Same subject. Incloses copy of the preliminary arrangement recently concluded between Guatemala and Honduras concerning the disputed boundary. 784
364 Mr. Ewing to Mr. Lansing. Dec. 10 Same subject. Incloses copy of the Boundary Convention of Aug. 1, 1914, between Guatemala and Honduras. 785
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Leavell (telegram). Dec. 11 Same subject. The Department is informed that an additional Guatemalan force has arrived in the vicinity of Omoa. If true this would seem to be an attempt by Guatemala to alter the status quo boundary question. 788
Mr. Ewing to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 12 Same subject. Further information about activities of Guatemalan troops. 789
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Leavell (telegram). Dec. 13 Same subject. The activities of Guatemalan troops in the disputed territory is considered an act of bad faith. The Motagua River must be accepted as the temporary boundary pending the settlement of the dispute. 789
Mr. Leavell to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 16 Same subject. The President of Guatemala declines to accept the Motagua River as temporary boundary, suggests the Merendén Mountain Range as boundary, both Governments to withdraw from the territory lying between these two lines. 789
Mr. Ewing to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 17 Same subject. Further information concerning Guatemalan activities in disputed territory. Honduras appeals to the United States, can not remain inactive much longer. 790
[Page CXIV] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Thurston (telegram). Dec. 22 Same subject. The Department feels that, pending a definite arbitral settlement of the boundary question both Governments should withdraw all troops from the territory lying between the Motagua River and the Merendén Mountains. 791
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Ewing (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs to ascertain whether Honduras would withdraw all her troops from the disputed zone upon condition that Guatemala do likewise. 791
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. This Government proposes to the contending Governments that they sign a boundary treaty in conformity with Art. I of the Protocol of Sept. 17, 1917. (Same telegram to Guatemala.) 792
Mr. Ewing to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 24 Same subject. Honduras accepts Department’s proposal provided Guatemala also accepts. 792
Mr. Thurston to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. A commission has been sent by Guatemala to Honduras to endeavor to formulate a diplomatic convention with that country. 792
Mr. Méndez to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Advises that a Guatemalan mission has been sent to Honduras in conformity with the Protocol of September 20, 1917. Gives personnel of mission. 793
Mr. Thurston to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 26 Earthquake in Guatemala. Guatemala City greatly damaged. Earthquake continues. Requests funds for relief work. 754
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Shocks continue without intermission. City being demolished. Hundreds homeless. 754
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Thurston (telegram). Dec. 27 Same subject. Instructs to offer condolence and assistance from this Government to Guatemala. 754
Mr. Thurston to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Condition becoming serious. Local American Red Cross offers $500. 755
Mr. Ewing to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Boundary dispute. Honduras now unwilling to withdraw troops from disputed zone. Suggests another neutral zone. 794
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Thurston (telegram). Dec. 28 Same subject. Honduras accepts neutral zone. Urge Guatemala to accept at once. 794
Mr. Thurston to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Earthquake. American Consulate destroyed, Legation damaged, filled with refugees. Destitute Americans request transportation to the United States. All Red Cross assistance greatly acceptable to Government. 755
[Page CXV] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Thurston (telegram). Dec. 28 Same subject. American Red Cross offers help. State what funds now available and what material is needed. Organize American committee and draw $5,000. 755
President Wilson to President Cabrera (telegram). do Same subject. Offers sympathy and assistance. 756
Mr. Thurston to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 29 Same subject. Violent shock today. May have to evacuate Legation. States what is needed most to shelter homeless people. 756
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Thurston (telegram). do Same subject. Message from American Red Cross itemizing goods being sent. 757
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Ewing (telegram). do Boundary dispute. Department fails to understand the position of Honduras that it does not feel at liberty to negotiate direct with Guatemala. 795
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. The Department will take no further action in this case until the discrepancies in his telegrams of Dec. 24 and 27 are explained. 795
Mr. Thurston to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 30 Earthquake. Epidemics are feared. Recommends that certain remedies be sent. 757
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Thurston (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs to report number of Americans who desire transportation to the United States. 757
President Cabrera to President Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Acknowledges with thanks the telegram from President Wilson and accepts offer of assistance. 758
Mr. Thurston to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 31 Same subject. There will be about 25 destitute Americans who desire transportation to the United States. 758
Mr. Méndez to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Expresses in the name of the President of Guatemala heartfelt thanks to the American Government and the American Red Cross for the sympathy and assistance extended to his country in distress. 759
Mr. Ewing to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Boundary dispute. Reports that the Minister for Foreign Affairs accepted Department’s proposal, President later refused to sanction. States proposal of Honduras. 795
576 Same to same do Same subject. Incloses copies of correspondence with the Foreign Office of Honduras, stating that that Government accepts the proposition that the whole matter be subjected to arbitration. 796
[Page CXVI]577 Same to same Dec. 31 Same subject. Explains in detail discrepancies in his telegrams of Dec. 24 and 27. Incloses copies of correspondence with the Foreign Office. 798

HAITI

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). 1917 Jan. 2 Controversy between the National Railroad Co. of Haiti and the Haitian Government. Controversy remains unsettled after six months negotiations; French interests threaten foreclosure; railway company asks aid of the Department; confer with Ruan and cable immediately result. 813
Same to same (telegram). Jan. 6 Political affairs. Quotes paraphrase of telegram sent Admiral Knapp which states this Government will not countenance overthrow of President. 802
Mr. Ménos to Mr. Stabler. Jan. 11 Financial affairs. Transmits memorandum regarding attachments affecting officials of Haiti. 802
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Railway controversy. Ruan suggests possibility of disagreement between himself and representative of railway company and necessity for third arbitrator. 814
Mr. Farnham to Mr. Lansing. Jan. 15 Same subject. Refutes allegations of the Minister of Haiti of Sept. 21, 1916. 814
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). Jan. 17 Same subject. Department considers third arbitrator not necessary and expects Ruan to be given full powers to settle definitely issues between Government and company. 825
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 22 Same subject. Quotes note from Haitian Government: Negotiations stopped by recall Oberlin to United States; delay only caused by circumstances; reaffirms well-meaning of Haiti. 827
Mr. Ménos to Mr. Stabler. Jan. 23 Same subject. Incloses copy of supplemental remarks concerning question; Ménos has full power to negotiate. 825
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). Jan. 27 Same subject. This Government is pleased at attitude of Haitian Government and will lend its good offices on the understanding that decision of Mr. Ruan will be binding. 828
[Page CXVII] Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 31 Same subject. Haitian Government will shortly reply to proposition in Department’s telegram of Jan. 27, 1917. 829
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 2 Same subject. Note from Minister of Foreign Affairs confirms Department’s understanding presented in its Jan. 27. 829
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Ménos. Feb. 15 Financial affairs. Acknowledges receipt of his memorandum and states that the words “collect, receive and apply” in Art. II of the Treaty of 1915, signify nothing except that in common and legal use. 803
Mr. Ménos to Mr. Lansing. Feb. 23 Same subject. Financial Adviser of Haiti threatens to suspend payment of public salaries and other disbursements unless the life of the Treaty of Sept. 16, 1915 is extended to 20 years. 803
Mr. Polk to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). Feb. 24 Same subject. Asks full report all circumstances connected with threat of Adviser. 804
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 26 Same subject. No threat stop payment Government disbursements; deciding vote deferred until view of Ménos received. 804
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). Mar. 1 Railway controversy. Arbitrators agree on all except two points which it is desired the Haitian Government will settle. 829
115 Same to same. Mar. 2 Same subject. Refers Department’s telegram Mar. 1; incloses copy of agreements and unsettled points and communication from Farnham; instructs him state to Haitian Government hopes of this Government that it will settle immediately two points in question. 830
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 3 Financial affairs. Quotes letter from Minister for Foreign Affairs transmitting decision of the Council of Secretaries of State, and submits draft of protocol. 805
Mr. Ruan to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 19 Same subject. Aid asked of the United States in connection with the $30,000,000 loan. 806
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). Mar. 22 Same subject. Amend Art. 2 of the protocol, sign it and transmit to Department for approval by President of the United States. 807
Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 28 Same subject. Protocol as amended signed. 807
do Same subject. Additional Act between the United States and Haiti extending the duration of the Treaty of Sept. 16, 1915. Text. 807
[Page CXVIII]135 Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 29 Same subject. Incloses protocol calling into being full force Art. 16 of Convention of Sept. 16, 1915. 808
26 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Ménos. Apr. 16 Same subject. Suggests enactment of new law which would render unnecessary continuance of military order made by Admiral Caperton to prevent attachment of salaries. 808
136 Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Lansing. Apr. 30 Railway controversy. Incloses copies of Legation’s note to Foreign Office of Mar. 8 and reply of Apr. 23 which latter states that Council of Secretaries decides against railway company; interview with Foreign Minister contradicts note. 831
Mr. Ménos to Mr. Lansing. July 5 Financial affairs. Haitian Government subscribes to modification of the Gendarmerie Agreement signed at Washington Aug. 24, 1916. 809
30 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Ménos. Aug. 24 Same subject. Asks confirmation of his Government’s confirmation of amendment of constabulary agreement. 809
Mr. Ménos to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 29 Same subject. Confirms the modification of agreement concerning the gendarmerie. 809
167 Mr. Mayer to Mr. Lansing. Sept. 7 Political affairs. Incloses memorandum from Admiral Knapp in which he asks cooperation among Americans in official positions in Haiti. 810
147 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Mayer. Oct. 4 Same subject. Department approves contents of Admiral Knapp’s memorandum. 811
Mr. Mayer to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Nov. 6 Same subject. Asks Department use good offices to expedite modification Gendarmerie Agreement 811
Mr. Polk to Mr. Mayer (telegram). Nov. 16 Same subject. Department concurs with General Butler’s proposed modification of Gendarmerie Agreement. 812
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Mayer (telegram). Nov. 27 Financial affairs. Amendment to agreement consummated; advice Department progress of second modification. 812
Mr. Mayer to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Nov. 28 Political affairs. Haitian Government desires second modification by means of accord rather than exchange of notes. 812
Same to same (telegram). Dec. 3 Same subject. Haitian President informs legation modification can be concluded by exchange of notes. 813
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Blanchard (telegram). Dec. 4 Railway controversy. Again present matter signing of bonds without delay, as suggested in your Nov. 20. 833
[Page CXIX] Mr. Blanchard to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 9 Political affairs. Modification concluded by exchange of notes. 813
Same to same (telegram). Dec. 19 Railway controversy. Government authorizes Minister of Finance to sign and deliver bonds. 833

HONDURAS

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
391 Mr. Ewing to Mr. Lansing. 1917 Jan. 2 Message of the President. Extracts. 834

ITALY

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
5028 Mr. Sharp to Mr. Lansing. 1917 Jan. 8 Impressment of American citizens in the Italian Army. Incloses note from Minister of Foreign Affairs stating safe conduct will be accorded Frank Ghiloni to cross France. 836
469 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Page. Jan. 9 Same subject. One Hannibal Donati, citizen of United States, is impressed into Italian Army; request proper authorities permit return to United States. 836
480 Same to same Feb. 7 Same subject. In connection with citizenship and impressment into military service of Vito Messino, inform proper authorities statement made by Mr. Heher, an attorney in Trenton, claiming former to be son of resident of that city and ask investigation be made. 837
Mr. Stovall to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 16 Same subject. Ghiloni leaves Berne for Bordeaux to embark United States. 837
497 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Page. Mar. 6 Same subject. Request that Guglielmo Andreaccio be released from performance military service and allowed to return to United States. 838
498 Same to same do Same subject. In connection with refusal of Italian Government to release Joseph Nicholas? Orocchi from military service Department communicates request of his relatives that he be assigned to hospital corps. 838
647 Mr. Page to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 19 Same subject. Incloses note from Ministry of Foreign Affairs refusing to release Donati. 839
[Page CXX]664 Same to same Apr. 12 Same subject. Incloses note from Ministry of Foreign Affairs declining to release Vito Messino from military service. 839
675 do May 3 Same subject. Andreaccio neglects to claim American nationality; Foreign Office declines to release on ground of his long residence in Italy and failure to claim foreign citizenship. 840
676 do May 4 Same subject. Incloses note from Foreign Office in which it is regretted that the wishes of Orocchi’s relatives can not be complied with. 841
772 do Oct. 13 Same subject. Incloses note from Foreign Office releasing Andreaccio from military service. 842

JAPAN

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
Mr. Wheeler to Mr. Lansing (telegram). 1917 Mar. 8 Death of Ambassador Guthrie. Reports death of the Ambassador and states he has assumed charge of Embassy. 843
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 10 Same subject. Reports further on death of the Ambassador, giving details of funeral arrangements and quotes note of condolence from Foreign Office. 843
Emperor Yoshihito to President Wilson (telegram). Mar. 10 Same subject. Message of condolence. 844
Mr. Sato to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. On behalf of his Government expresses sympathy to this Government. 844
President Wilson to Emperor Yoshihito (telegram). Mar. 13 Same subject. Thanks him for his message of sympathy. 844
Mr. Wheeler to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Describes in detail the funeral service, tells of extreme consideration shown by Japanese Government both privately and publicly, and quotes note from Minister of Foreign Affairs offering use of warship to carry remains to the United States. 844
16 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Sato. Mar. 15 Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of his note of 10th and asks that he inform the Imperial Government that sympathy is highly appreciated. 845
[Page CXXI] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Wheeler (telegram). Mar. 16 Same subject. Instructs him to say to Japanese Government that the Government and people of the United States are deeply touched by marks of respect shown to memory of Mr. Guthrie by Japanese Government, and that the United States gratefully accepts offer of Japanese warship. 846
Mr. Wheeler to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 25 Same subject. Reports Azuma, first-class cruiser, to leave Yokohama April 30, Mrs. Guthrie to return May 4. Recommends that an officer from the Embassy be ordered to accompany the body. 846
Mr. Post to Mr. Lansing. Apr. 24 Japanese picture brides. The Dep’t of Labor wishes to ascertain whether laws of Japan recognize marriage by “proxy”, as exception to new immigration law will bring about complications in this respect. 848
21 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Sato. Apr. 28 Same subject. Transmits copy of Labor Department’s letter of 17th asking for further information on subject. 849
Mr. Sato to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Explains the functioning of the Japanese law in regard to marriages. 849
Mr. Wheeler to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Death of Ambassador Guthrie. Reports sailing of the Azuma, and details of the moving of the body to the ship. 847
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Wilson. Apr. 30 Japanese picture brides. Transmits copy of Japanese Ambassador’s note of 28th which explains the Japanese law as regards marriage by “proxy”. 850
25 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Sato. May 7 Same subject. Refers to his Apr. 28 and informs him Department has received note from Labor Department quoting telegram which it sent to immigration officers ordering suspension requiring marriage of picture brides after arrival. 850
Mr. Sato to Mr. Lansing. May 18 Same subject. Refers his note No. 25 and asks whether arrangement can be extended to include brides leaving Japan before end of month. 851
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Wilson. do Same subject. Incloses copy of Japanese note of May 18 requesting extension of time and informs him State Department sees no reason why it should not be granted. 851
[Page CXXII] Mr. Post to Mr. Lansing. May 23 Same subject. Declines to grant extension of time as it would establish precedent which Department could ill afford to maintain. 852
28 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Sato. May 28 Same subject. Incloses copy of Labor Department’s note of May 23 in answer to his request for extension of time. 853
Mr. Sato to Mr. Lansing. June 4 Same subject. Refers to his note of May 7 and makes further plea for admission of Japanese bride during month. 853
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Wilson. June 5 Same subject. Incloses copy of Japanese Ambassador’s note of June 4 and states he hopes proposals will be acceptable. 855
The Japanese Embassy to the Department of State. June 8 Same subject. Reports seven brides arrived in United States and held at immigrant station pending presentation notification of marriage. Asks temporary admittance. 855
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Wilson. June 9 Same subject. Incloses copy of Japanese Embassy’s memorandum of June 8 and expresses the hope that he may favorably consider temporary admission of brides. 855
455 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Wheeler. June 14 Death of Ambassador Guthrie. Informs him of completion of funeral services at Pittsburgh, and instructs him give to Japanese Government appropriate acknowledgment of appreciation of our Government of the honor accorded remains aboard the Japanese man-of-war. 847
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Lansing. June 27 Japanese picture brides. Detailed discussion of reasons why picture brides should not be admitted. 856
34 Mr. Polk to Mr. Sato. July 7 Same subject. Incloses copy of Labor Department’s letter of June 27 giving review of previous correspondence and outlining course of procedure. 863
Mr. Sato to Mr. Lansing. July 25 Same subject. Further discusses status of picture brides giving details of marriage laws and customs in Japan. 863
Mr. Polk to Mr. Wilson. July 30 Same subject. Incloses copy of Japanese Ambassador’s note of July 25 and gives as his opinion that when due notification is made of marriage over seal of bridegroom the bride should be admitted to this country as his wife. 870
[Page CXXIII] Mr. Wilson to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 20 Same subject. Refers to Japanese Ambassador’s July 25 and states he is glad detailed discussion has come about, everything now being clear, and that he agrees “picture” marriages should be considered in no sense distinguishable from marriages generally. 870
40 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Sato. Aug. 21 Same subject. Refers to his July 25 and incloses copy of Department of Labor’s letter of Aug. 20 in reply. 872
Mr. Sato to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 25 Same subject. Expresses gratification of Japanese Government in settlement of the case. 872
821 Mr. Wheeler to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 31 Death of Ambassador Guthrie. Informs Department he has complied with its wishes in expressing to Japanese Government this Government’s appreciation of honor accorded to the remains aboard Azuma, and quotes note from Minister of Foreign Affairs in reply. 848
Mr. Post to Mr. Lansing. Sept. 29 Japanese picture brides. Mentions conflict of Japanese and American laws in regard to citizenship of certain persons. 873
Mr. Phillips to Mr. Wilson. Oct. 11 Same subject. Refers to his Sept. 29 and suggests that marriage ceremony in accordance with laws of United States be required upon arrival of brides. 874
Mr. Post to Mr. Lansing. Nov. 21 Same subject. Refers to Department’s letter of the 11th inst. and states that his Department can not admit an alien woman as wife of a Japanese-American citizen unless latter proceeds to the place where both will be under the jurisdiction of the country under the laws of which the marriage is contracted. 875

LIBERIA

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
89 Mr. Curtis to Mr. Lansing. 1917 Mar. 23 Financial affairs. Incloses copy of agreement between Liberia and the Bank of British West Africa, Ltd. 888
23 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Curtis. Apr. 4 Political affairs. Outlines administrative reforms which must be made else friendly support of American Government must cease. 877
[Page CXXIV] Mr. Jusserand to Mr. Lansing. June 25 Financial affairs. If, on account of the German Receiver’s departure, difficulties arise, suggests that they be adjusted through the diplomatic channel. 890
The British Embassy to Mr. Lansing. June 27 Same subject. Makes suggestion concurring with French Ambassador’s note of June 25. 891
Mr. Polk to Mr. Jusserand. July 9 Same subject. Refers French Ambassador’s June 25 and says proposal is agreeable to American Government. 891
112 Mr. Curtis to Mr. Lansing. do Political affairs. Transmits memorandum outlining Department’s program of reform along with Legation’s note of presentation to Liberian Government; conference with officials promises full support of reforms. 883
Mr. Polk to Mr. Curtis (telegram). July 17 Financial affairs. Liquidation of reserve bonds held by National City Bank as Liberian agent requires marketing of bonds; ascertain wishes of Government in this respect. 892
121 Mr. Curtis to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 10 Same subject. Transmits note from General Receiver of Customs setting forth his views relative to the marketing of the bonds. 892
127 Same to same Aug. 13 Political affairs. Laws enacted by Legislature in special session for the most part follow program suggested by Department; enumerates same and repeats honest effort is being put forth. 884
29 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Curtis. Aug. 22 Same subject. Refers to Legation’s No. 112 and instructs him keep Department advised any action by Liberian Government in connection with reforms. 886
138 Mr. Curtis to Mr. Lansing. Oct. 2 Financial affairs. Act of Legislature creates Government Auditor and Board of Review to handle financial problems; amendment suggested so as to delete any feature that might give ground for criticism. 893
140 Same to same Oct. 3 Political affairs. Reports Liberian Government honestly striving to make its performance square with its promises; laws working smoothly. 886
406 Mr. Spring Rice to Mr. Lansing. Oct. 19 Financial affairs. Loan agreement provides for purchase of bonds in open market; holders of publicly issued bonds feel interests have not been properly considered; inquires as to procedure of bank in matter. 894
[Page CXXV]482 British Embassy to the Department of State. Nov. 8 Political affairs. Liberian President declines to receive official protest voicing public’s disapproval of appointment of Walker as Secretary of the Treasury; crisis may follow resulting in removal of President. 887
Mr. Lyon to Mr. Lansing. Nov. 20 Financial affairs. Calls attention to Liberia’s financial condition since declaration of war; all suggested reforms enacted into law; asks aid for Republic. 895
The Department of State to the British Embassy. Nov. 23 Political affairs. Refers British Embassy’s Nov. 8 and states that in event of President Howard’s removal American Government would be disposed to leave selection of successor to Liberian people. 888
546 The British Embassy to the Department of State. Nov. 27 Same subject. Concurs with Department’s views in regard to selection of Mr. Howard’s successor. 888
1927 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Spring Rice. Dec. 14 Financial affairs. Refers to British Embassy’s Oct. 19 and incloses copy of letter from National City Bank relative to the subject. 896
2015 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jusserand. do Same subject. Incloses copy of bank’s reply in regard to its procedure relative to the sinking fund on gold loan from which it appears that fairness was given to all bondholders. 900

MEXICO

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
522 Mr. Parker to Mr. Lansing. 1916 Sept. 20 Financial affairs. Decree of General Carranza, “Law of Payments” dated Sept. 15, transmitted for Department’s information. 998
5963 Mr. Bernstorff to Mr. Lansing. Sept. 22 Same subject. Informs him of further decree, issued in connection with new banking laws, providing that all debts incurred prior to Apr. 15, 1913, are to be repaid by five times the amount of the original, and those incurred up to Sept. 10, 1914, by four times the amount, and states that these, if carried into effect, will mean bankruptcy of foreign banks, including American and German; asks what steps the American Government thinks of taking. 1002
[Page CXXVI]475 Mr. Parker to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Oct. 11 Same subject. States information indicates another decree in preparation to supplant “Law of Payments.” 1003
2146 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Bernstorff. Oct. 12 Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of his note of the 22d and informs him he has sent copies of his note to the American members of the American-Mexican Joint Commission for their consideration. 1003
496 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Parker (telegram). Oct. 16 Same subject. Refers to his note of Sept. 20, regard to decree “Law of Payments” and tells him to inform proper authorities that on account of the decree being unconstitutional the American Government can not recognize right of Mexican Government to apply its terms to American citizens. 1003
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Arredondo. Dec. 1 Embargo on the exportation of arms and munitions into Mexico. Is advised munitions likely to fall into hands of bandits in case of shipment. Declines to raise embargo. 1078
Mr. Thurston to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 17 Protection of American mining interests. Foreign Office replies interested parties must inform Department of Fomento period of time required for resuming operations. 1038
627 Same to same Dec. 18 Financial affairs. Transmits translation of decree relative to “Law of Payments” with amendments. 1004
642 Mr. Parker to Mr. Lansing. Dec. 27 Protection of Americans and American interests. Transmits his note sent to the Foreign Office relative to protection of property in Yaqui Valley in State of Sonora and the two notes in reply. 1017
Mr. Arredondo to Mr. Lansing. Dec. 27 Political affairs. Incloses a memorandum on the frequent violations of the neutrality laws by political agitators living near the border in the United States and requests remedial action. 902
Mr. Dickinson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 29 Protection of Americans and American interests. Efforts to get in touch with Torreon fail. Apparently bandits have taken it. Several hundred foreigners remain there. Does Department desire me to get all foreigners out of Durango District? 1018
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Dickinson (telegram). do Same subject. Report whereabouts Vice Consul O’Hea and party. 1018
[Page CXXVII] Same to same (telegram). 1917 Jan. 2 Same subject. Advise only Americans to withdraw from Mexico. 1019
601 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Parker (telegram). Jan. 4 Same subject. Howard Grey, American citizen, has been killed and property looted at Parral. Ask that guilty party be punished and say this Government expects action to be taken to safeguard lives in Parral and Magistral districts. 1019
Mr. De Negri to Mr. Lansing. do Protection of American mining interests. Quotes telegram from his Government stating that the laying of duties on metals is exclusively in the province of the Mexican authorities. 1039
604 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Parker (telegram). Jan. 6 Protection of American oil interests. Advise whether decree issued giving foreigners holding title to property until Apr. 15 to resign treaty rights. 1058
631 Mr. Parker to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 8 Same subject. Refers Department’s 604, Jan. 6. Since he can not comply with instruction contained therein, has asked Thurston to do so. 1058
Mr. Thurston to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Refers Department’s 604 and Parker’s despatch 530 of Sept. 27 and verifies issuance of decree mentioned. 1058
Mr. Lansing to Mr. De Negri. do Political Affairs. Mr. Arredondo’s letter of Dec. 27, 1916 has been referred to the appropriate authority for such action as may be deemed appropriate. 904
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. It is my opinion that withdrawal of troops from Chihuahua would bring satisfactory results as it would place responsibility for restoring order on the de facto Government. Troops should be held in readiness at border line. 904
Mr. De Negri to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Protests against occupation of offices at Palomas and asks withdrawal of our troops. 904
Mr. Lansing to Mr. De Negri. Jan. 9 Same subject. Informs him he has sent copy of communication to Secretary of War for such action as he may direct. 905
608 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Parker (telegram). do Mexican Constitution of 1917. Keep Department advised any proposed or adopted changes in Constitution which may be inimical to interests of Americans. 946
652 Mr. Thurston to Mr. Lansing. Jan. 9 Protection of American oil interests. Transmits copy of degree referred to in his Jan. 8; also copy of previous degree on same subject. 1058
[Page CXXVIII] Mr. Blocker to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 10 Protection of Americans and American interests. Vice Consul O’Hea at Gomez Palacio reports he had dangerous but safe trip overland. Most everyone saved themselves by proving other nationality. 1019
637 Mr. Parker to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 11 Mexican Constitution of 1917. Endeavors to obtain text of articles approved in Congress, Art. 3 prohibiting sectarian schools. 946
Mr. Blocker to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 12 Political affairs. Messenger from Torreon reports: Government forces evacuate Torreon leaving 500 Yaquis there who join Villistas upon their entry into city; Chinese and Arabs murdered, property looted, merchandise loaded on trains and carried north; strength of Villistas estimated at 4,000; Villa makes stirring speech and says will defeat Murguia and drive Pershing from Mexican soil. 905
2051 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Parker. do Protection of American mining interests. In response to your representations on question of mining taxes Department incloses note from local representative of de facto Government quoting note from Foreign Office. 1039
613 Same to same (telegram). Jan. 13 Same subject. Make representations looking to the withdrawal of decree providing for confiscation of property in case operations are not resumed, and advise Department of action taken. 1039
Mr. Baker to Mr. Lansing. Jan. 17 Political affairs. Transmits letter from commanding general, Southern Department, quoting report by the Department intelligence officer relative to status and activities in the Plan of San Diego. 906
647 Mr. Parker to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 18 Mexican Constitution of 1917. Art. 28 approved prohibits monopolies except in certain cases; Art. 14 states that no law shall be given retroactive effect. 946
Mr. Thurston to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 19 Same subject. Two forms of Art. 33, soon to be passed upon, appeared in press to-day both containing clause as to foreigners renouncing citizenship rights. 947
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Thurston (telegram). do Protection of American oil interests. Refers his 652, Jan. 9 and instructs him inform Mexican Government our Government can not acquiesce in provisions of decrees of Aug. 15 and Dec. 15, 1916. 1059
[Page CXXIX]621 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Parker (telegram). Jan. 22 Mexican Constitution of 1917. The Government of the United States can not acquiesce in certain provisions of Arts. 27, 28 and 33. 947
626 Same to same (telegram). Jan. 23 Protection of American oil interests. Department requests protest to Carranza against bill introduced in Mexican Congress, providing special concession necessary for petroleum exploitation and giving present owners one year obtain such concessions, on ground that it will lead to equivalent nationalization of industry. 1062
629 do Jan. 24 Mexican Constitution of 1917. Advise Department whether certain articles infringing upon rights of land owners are before convention. 949
630 do Jan. 25 Protection of American mining interests. Inform authorities that this Government emphatically dissents from General Carranza’s declaration and must insist that your representations be given adequate consideration. 1040
653 Mr. Parker to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Mexican Constitution of 1917. Transmits text of Art. 123 relative to labor. 949
631 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Parker (telegram). do Financial affairs. Report at once status of National Bank of Mexico and Bank of London and Mexico, stating important developments and aggregate amount forced loans. 1006
Mr. Dawson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Protection of American oil interests. Quotes telegram from commander of the Nashville to the Tacoma, Tampico, stating Pelaez demands tribute of oil companies and Carranzistas threaten burn property if payment is made. Oil interests placed in serious dilemma. 1062
657 Mr. Parker to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 26 Financial affairs. Reports both banks in charge of Government liquidating committees but no progress made on account intentions of Government not being serious. 1006
655 Same to same (telegram). do Mexican Constitution of 1917. Quotes briefly the text of Art. 27. 949
638 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Parker (telegram). Jan. 27 Protection of American oil interests. Advise Department of full text of latest proposed amendment relative to nationalization oil fields. 1059
[Page CXXX]635 Same to same (telegram). Jan. 27 Same subject. Reference Consul Dawson’s report Jan. 25 and requests facts be brought immediately to attention proper authorities with view to preventing molestation by de facto commanders. 1062
4406 General Funston to General McCain (telegram). do Asylum to Chinese refugees from Mexico. Has instructed General Pershing to authorize Chinese refugees to accompany his forces to the United States. 1088
643 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Parker (telegram). Jan. 29 Protection of American mining interests. Expedite information action taken reference Department’s request telegram 613, Jan. 13, 6 p.m. 1041
5767 General McCain to General Funston (telegram). Jan. 30 Political affairs. Has been learned that General Pershing has Mexican prisoners alleged to have had connection with Columbus raid, Secretary of War directs that Pershing be informed that disposition of these prisoners has been taken up with State Department, and pending decision will be kept in custody of military authorities. 907
Mr. Baker to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Incloses copy of telegram from General Funston reporting movement of Pershing’s command to border. 907
661 Mr. Parker to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Protection of American oil interests. Transmits sec. 10 of Art. 27 of Department of Fomento’s initiative. 1060
4447 General Funston to General McCain (telegram). Jan. 31 Political affairs. General Pershing reports that the 21 Mexican prisoners are being held in stockade at Columbus, N. Mex., pending decision by State Department. 908
Mr. Cobb to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Protection of Americans and American interests. Bishop Hearst reports 200 Mormons remaining Colonia Juarez. Have advised him Villa’s anger and urged their withdrawal. 1019
Mr. Baker to Mr. Lansing. Feb. 2 Political affairs. Transmits telegram from General Funston quoting telegram from General Pershing reporting movement of troops. 908
647 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Parker (telegram). do Protection of American mining interests. If authorities will not withdraw the decree, use your very best efforts to have time limit extended. 1041
[Page CXXXI] Mr. De Negri to Mr. Lansing. Feb. 5 Embargo on exportation of arms and munitions into Mexico. Requests permission to export ammunition into Mexico for use of General Murguia, notwithstanding the embargo. 1079
4509 General Funston to General McCain (telegram). Feb. 6 Political affairs. Quotes telegram from General Pershing: Troops returning from Mexico crossed line to-day; all Government property brought out. 908
654 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Parker (telegram). do Financial affairs. Instructs him to protest to de facto Government against forced liquidation of banks and states that it would appear, aside from dictates of right and justice, that that Government would refrain from action simply as matter of self-interest. 1007
1808 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jusserand. Feb. 7 Same subject. Informs him of his note to Mr. Parker Feb. 6. 1008
681 Mr. Parker to Mr. Lansing. Feb. 7 Mexican Constitution of 1917. Transmits copies of Diario Oficial containing entire text of the reformed Constitution. 950
Mr. Baker to Mr. Lansing. Feb. 8 Political affairs. Refers to Department’s Jan. 9, and quotes statement of General Pershing, which says offices occupied by our troops were not Government property. 909
1810 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jusserand. do Financial affairs. Acknowledges receipt of his note of Jan. 25 and refers him to his note to Mr. Parker Feb. 7. 1009
657 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Parker (telegram). do Protection of American mining interests. Inform Department immediately prospects of obtaining withdrawal decree of Sept. 14, or further extension of time. 1041
683 Mr. Parker to Mr. Lansing. Feb. 9 Protection of American oil interests. Transmits copy of note sent in reply to his request for copy of decree relative to the exploration and exploitation of minerals; also decree. 1063
40 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Koo. Feb. 9 Asylum to Chinese refugees from Mexico. Quotes telegram sent by the Immigration Bureau to the Inspector at El Paso in regard to the admission and care of Chinese refugees from Mexico. 1088
674 Mr. Parker to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 10 Protection of American mining interests. Reference Department’s 657. No prospect of withdrawal of decree or extension of time. 1041
[Page CXXXII] Mr. Lansing to Mr. De Negri. Feb. 10 Embargo on the exportation of arms and munitions into Mexico. Declines permission to export ammunition. 1079
Same to same Feb. 12 Political affairs. Replies further to his letter of Jan. 8 and informs him report received by Secretary of War states that property occupied belonged to American citizens. 909
661 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Parker (telegram). do Protection of American mining interests. Request matter be left undetermined Until Mr. Fletcher assumes charge. Report decision as soon as possible. 1042
675 Mr. Parker to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 13 Same subject. Minister Fomento Morry informs me he had interview with President Carranza regarding forfeiture properties; considers sufficient time to have elapsed. My opinion no drastic action will be taken. 1042
36 Mr. Koo to Mr. Lansing. Feb. 14 Asylum to Chinese refugees from Mexico. Has instructed the Chinese Consul General at San Francisco to proceed to El Paso and cooperate with the Immigration authorities. 1089
669 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Parker. Feb. 17 Protection of American mining interests. Reported decree of Sept. 14 would not be enforced until May 14; investigate whether correct. 1042
137 Mr. Coen to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Reports that all mines are closed and is impossible to reopen on account of bandits and the impossibility of getting fuel and other supplies to the mines; efforts have been made but all have proved futile. 1042
1 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). Feb. 19 Same subject. Advise whether correct report that decree has been issued requiring foreigners to waive national rights with respect to real estate or mines. 1043
2 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Mining interests which have explained to Minister of Fomento reasons for noncompliance with Decrees of Sept. 14 and Nov. 14 will be granted further last extension of time; those which have not asked for any extension will be intervened by Ministry of Finance as soon as their properties may be declared forfeited by Ministry of Fomento. 1043
4 Same to same (telegram). Feb. 20 Same subject. No decree existing affecting property with clear title, but affects only those now under negotiation or to be acquired in future. 1044
[Page CXXXIII]3 Same to same (telegram. Feb. 21 Same subject. Incloses copy of latest official statement issued in connection with decrees requiring operation of mines. 1044
8 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). Feb. 24 Same subject. Make representations to the de facto Government and point out that the American Government desires to do all possible in order that mining operations may be resumed; request that Government submit list of mining districts which enjoy necessary facilities to the end that decrees may be withdrawn. 1045
8 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 26 Same subject. Text of Department’s No. 8 embodied in memorandum and presented to Minister for Foreign Affairs, who will consider it with colleagues and the President; representations already made sufficient, further ones may be prejudicial to our interests. 1045
16 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). Feb. 28 Same subject. Department views with satisfaction assurances that it is not intention of de facto Government to confiscate American property. 1046
Mr. Edwards to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Political affairs. Murguia states Villa eliminated, his physical condition forcing retirement, only police work left to be done; general belief that tranquility will prevail. 909
Mr. Blocker to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 8 Same subject. British Vice Consul reports overwhelming forces Government troops pressing Villa from west and north; appears he is making for Sierras, Dieguez cutting across country in hope of intercepting him. 910
25 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher. do Protection of American mining interests. Bring to attention of de facto Government contents of Vice Consul Coen’s No. 137 telling conditions in Durango Consular district and request force be sent to protect American property. 1046
14 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 10 Same subject. Reference plan suggested in your No. 8. Carranza states would be better for all owners who can not operate to notify Ministry of Fomento giving reasons; also, that it is not intention of his Government to confiscate these properties. 1047
20 Same to same (telegram). Mar. 12 Political affairs. Reports election of Carranza as President. 910
[Page CXXXIV]14 Same to same Mar. 13 Same subject. Reports presentation of letters of credence to Carranza on 3d. Describes visit to Guadalajara on Feb. 28 to confer with First Chief. 910
16 do do Same subject. Reports on elections for President, Deputies, and Senators and gives methods in detail. Generally considered by friends of First Chief that he will be in control of both Houses of Congress as care was taken to elect men closely identified with President-elect. 912
23 do Mar. 14 Protection of American mining interests. Details of procedure in applying for extension of time, incloses copy of Embassy’s memorandum to mine owners inquiring for information in the matter; also circular issued by Department of Fomento containing regulations on the subject. 1047
46 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). Mar. 15 Same subject. Mine owners just learned about circular requiring certain data in specified time and assert they are unable to compile it in limited time. Request 90 days’ extension. 1050
40 Mr. Koo to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 16 Protection of Chinese in Mexico. Requests that American consular officers be instructed to use their good offices in behalf of Chinese citizens in Mexico. 1089
24 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 17 Protection of American mining interests. Indications are extension will be granted as Minister of Fomento appreciates difficulty of short time compliance and promises to take up with First Chief the whole mining question very soon. 1051
40 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher. Mar. 19 Financial affairs. Incloses French Ambassador’s note to the Secretary of State, dated Mar. 13, relative to further forced loans. 1009
28 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 21 Protection of American oil interests. Incloses copy of translation of note in reply to Mr. Parker’s representations, relative to the situation of American oil companies, which denies that foreigners have been mistreated or property molested in any way. 1064
[Page CXXXV]140 Mr. Coen to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 22 Protection of American mining interests. Transmits Circulars 30 and 31 and copy of Art. 5 of Mining Law of June 4, 1892 and states reasons for impossibility of compliance within specified time. Believes majority have not made petition requested, thus vast properties will be confiscated. 1051
Mr. Lansing to Mr. De Negri. Mar. 23 Political Affairs. The War Department advises this Department that the American military authorities are making every effort to break up raiding parties along the Mexican border. 914
44 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Koo. do Protection of Chinese in Mexico. The American consular officers in Mexico have been instructed to use their good offices in behalf of Chinese citizens in Mexico. 1090
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Silliman. do Same subject. Instructs to render good offices to Chinese resident in Mexico. (Same to other consular officers in Mexico. 1090
Mr. Robertson to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 27 Political Affairs. Reports Luis de la Rosa, leader of numerous border raids, will be tried before court-martial. 914
44 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 30 Protection of American mining interests. Extension of one month will be granted for compliance with decree of Feb. 21; previous decrees to be enforced. 1052
88 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). Apr. 3 Protection of Americans and American interests. American property in States of Oaxaca and Chiapas menaced by revolutionists; request authorities extend protection. 1020
93 Same to same (telegram). Apr. 4 Seizure and confiscation of American properties and forced loans, Urgently request suspension of sale of Richardson Co’s. property so that matters of difference may be investigated by both Governments. Make report. 1072
94 do Apr. 5 Protection of American mining interests. Try to obtain more liberal extension; Department believes Minister of Fomento’s threat to be contrary to assurances given by First Chief and Foreign Minister; make every possible effort to prevent confiscation. 1053
63 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Apr. 10 Same subject. Transmits copy of decree of Mar. 31 prescribing method of obtaining title to mining properties for which original concessions have been canceled. 1053
[Page CXXXVI]85 Same to same (telegram). Apr. 12 Seizure and confiscation of American properties and forced loans. Sonora authorities ordered to suspend proceedings against Richardson Co. 1073
117 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). Apr. 17 Same subject. Proceedings against company resumed April 13. Again request suspension. 1073
83 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing. Apr. 18 Report of President-elect Carranza to the Congress. Incloses Carranza’s report to the Congress meeting in extraordinary session on 15th. 983
80 Same to same Apr. 19 Financial affairs. Incloses copy of a decree issued by Carranza April 6, providing for the liquidation of banks and modifying Art. 5 of the decree of Dec. 14, 1916. 1009
81 do Do Protection of American oil interests. Transmits translation of decree of Apr. 13, 1917, to go into effect May 1, establishing rates of taxation for petroleum and its products. 1065
Mr. Bonillas to Mr. Lansing. Apr. 20 Political affairs. Requests return of arms taken by our garrison at Ruidosa, Tex. from Mexican soldiers who crossed frontier. 915
113 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Protection of American mining interests. Circular just published states transactions made with agencies of State of Oaxaca relative to mining properties from June 3, 1915 to Mar. 3, 1916 are null and void on account that State refusing obedience to Carranza Government during that time; parties given until June 15 to renew transactions. 1054
89 Same to same Apr. 21 Same subject. Transmits copy of circular relative to mining properties in State of Oaxaca. 1054
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). Apr. 21 Political affairs. The President accorded formal recognition to Señor Bonillas as Ambassador of de facto Government and stated that the United States wishes to see stable government established in Mexico. 915
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Bonillas. Apr. 25 Same subject. Acknowledges his note of Apr. 20 and refers him to Department’s note of Mar. 23, 1917. 915
[Page CXXXVII]131 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). Apr. 25 Protection of Americans and American interests. Dawson reports employees of Eagle Oil Company strike and assault American official and British manager. No action taken by authorities until British Consul demanded protection. Request Government instruct Tampico officials take definite steps to insure protection life and property. 1020
Mr. Dawson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Apr. 26 Same subject. Strike spreads to American Pierce Oil Corporation. Strikers in control supported by I. W. W. and probably backed by German intrigue. Grave need for protection which authorities fail to give. 1020
Mr. Rowe to Mr. Lansing. do Political affairs. Transmits copy of his report on the American-Mexican Joint Commission. 916
93 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing. do Report of President-elect Carranza to the Congress. Incloses that portion of the report relating to the activities of the Department of Foreign Affairs. 991
Same to same (telegram). Apr. 27 Political affairs. Reports election Carranza declared official. 938
140 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). do Protection of Americans and American interests. Refers Dawson’s Apr. 26. Instructs him bring matter to attention Carranza at once and request Tampico authorities be ordered to afford protection. 1021
139 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Minister for Foreign Affairs gives assurances he will at once request Ministry of War and Marine to order the military at Tampico to afford protection. 1021
Mr. Baker to Mr. Lansing. Apr. 28 Asylum to Chinese refugees from Mexico. Incloses telegram from General Pershing concerning transfer of refugees to San Antonio. Asks to be advised what action to take. 1090
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Bonillas. Apr. 30 Political affairs. Acknowledges receipt of note of Apr. 20, and says he has requested Secretary of War and Secretary of Treasury to instruct appropriate authorities to comply with request. 939
Mr. Dawson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Protection of Americans and American interests. Immediate question settled by reason of naval intervention but strike is spreading. 1021
[Page CXXXVIII] President Carranza to President Wilson. May 1 Political affairs. Announces his assumption of office of presidency upon having been elected by free vote of people. 939
99 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing. do Protection of American oil interests. Transmits copy and translation of decree issued Apr. 24, 1917, in connection with previous decrees relative to renouncing rights as foreigners. 1060
49 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Koo. do Asylum to Chinese refugees from Mexico. Incloses letter from the War Department of Apr. 28, and requests his decision in this matter. 1091
46 Mr. Koo to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Is sending instructions to the Chinese Consul General at Columbus to permit the refugees to be sent to San Antonio and there to accept employment by the American military establishment. 1091
112 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing. May 2 Political affairs. Gives account of inauguration of President-elect Carranza and states no unusual incident took place. 940
141 Mr. Dawson to Mr. Lansing. do Protection of Americans and American interests. Narrates the events taking place in the strike situation in Tampico in so far as it involved the office of the American Consulate and the naval forces under Commander Symington. 102
177 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). May 12 Seizure and confiscation American properties and forced loans. Ascertain and report results of Mexican Government’s instructions in matter of Richardson Co. tax. Governor of Sonora unyielding. 1073
51 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Koo. do Asylum to Chinese refugees from Mexico. His note No. 46 has been communicated to the military authorities and to the Department of Labor. 1092
Mr. Post to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. The Chinese who can not be immediately returned to China will be given employment by the military authorities. 1092
180 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing (telegram). May 16 Seizure and confiscation American properties and forced loans. Reference Department’s 177. Foreign Office states proceedings in case Richardson Co. can not be suspended, notwithstanding fact it has been done in case of Stocker and others. 1074
[Page CXXXIX] Mr. Barclay to Mr. Lansing. May 19 Financial affairs. Reports demand upon the Banco Internacional Hipotecario, belonging to an English family, for money; requests cooperation of the United States Government in some action. 1010
205 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). May 24 Same subject. Refers to Counselor Barclay’s note of May 19, and directs him confer with British Legation; may use discretion in regard to making protest. 1012
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Spring Rice. May 25 Same subject. Refers to British Embassy’s May 19, and informs him the American Ambassador has been instructed to confer with British Legation and in his discretion to make informal protest. 1012
184 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing. May 29 Protection of American mining interests. Communication received from Foreign Office stating that military commander of Durango is energetically persecuting bandits with view to affording adequate protection. 1055
217 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). May 31 Protection of Americans and American interests. Directs him to urge authorities to take prompt steps to afford protection to American lives and property in Yaqui Valley. 1024
Mr. Baker to Mr. Lansing. June 1 Political affairs. Informs him arms have been turned over to Mexican consular agent at Presidio, Tex., for return to Mexico. 940
Mr. Bonillas to Mr. Lansing. June 2 Same subject. Reports fight between Villista and Constitutional forces at Ojinaga, the retiring of the latter across the river into Presidio, Tex. and requests that Mayor Mitchell of Presidio be instructed to release Mexican troops to aid in pursuing Villa. 941
200 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing. June 5 Embargo on the exportation of arms and munitions into Mexico. Interviewed General Gonzalez at dinner of Belgian Legation. General intimates lifting of embargo would establish friendlier relations between the two countries and stamp out lawless bands who are menace to peace of country. Recommends 5,000,000 rounds of ammunition be released in order to determine effect on Mexican public opinion. 1080
[Page CXL] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Bonillas. June 6 Political affairs. Informs him Secretary of War has been requested to instruct military authorities to permit the return to Mexico of the Ojinaga garrison. 941
Same to same do Same subject. The Secretary of War has instructed the military authorities to permit the Mexican soldiers, refugees at Presidio, Tex., to return to Mexico. 942
203 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing. do Protection of Americans and American interests. Foreign Office states that the Governor of the State of Tamaulipas reports that he has issued orders for investigation of the strike and for protection at Tampico; also that orders of similar nature were issued by Department of War and Marine. 1024
234 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). do Protection of American oil interests. Say to General Carranza that this Government is reluctant to believe it is the intention of de facto Government to depart from assurances given to you at various times, but retroactive legislation points directly to confiscation, and that, pending consideration of these matters, all confiscatory action be suspended. 1067
229 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing (telegram). June 7 Same subject. Reports telegraphic instruction can not be complied with at once as President is sick, and requests that that portion of it relating to petroleum taxes be omitted as would be fruitless, considering Mexican Government badly in need of money. Is convinced Government is not disposed to antagonize American interests and if financial assistance could be secured friendly adjustment of questions could be arrived at. 1068
214 Same to same do Protection of Americans and American interests. Refers to department’s 88 and reports that adequate protection has been promised. 1024
221 do June 11 Same subject. Foreign Office states it has recommended to War Department the request contained in your telegram 217. 1025
235 Same to same (telegram). do Protection of American oil interests. Will be impossible to delay very long issuance of petroleum decree providing tax equivalent to 10 per cent. Has requested Foreign Office to ask President to delay promulgation. 1069
[Page CXLI]252 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). June 14 Protection of American mining interests. Instructs him to bring to attention General Carranza treatment to which American-owned property is being subjected by local authorities in State of Sonora. 1056
267 Mr. Polk to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). June 16 Protection of American oil interests. Quotes telegram from Consul, Tampico, which says Mexican Government refuses to grant permit to drill wells on leases taken since Feb. 5, date new constitution was promulgated. Acting upon announcement that new constitution would not be effective until May 1, companies acquired new leases. 1069
Mr. Simpich to Mr. Lansing. June 20 Protection of Americans and American interests. Outlines details of events in Yaqui Valley since his report of Feb. 1916. On the whole Americans have not been molested and Yaqui menace is no less or no more serious than formerly. 1025
Mr. Cobb to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Seizure and confiscation of American properties and forced loans. Chihuahua government authorities call for forced loan of $25,000 in spite of fact they have money on deposit in El Paso. 1074
285 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). June 23 Protection of American oil interests. Instructs him to use his discretion in determining whether this would be an opportune time to inquire of General Carranza his intentions as to the carrying into effect of retroactive legislation which would amount to nationalization of petroleum property. 1069
270 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing (telegram). June 25 Protection of American mining interests. Information states instructions sent to Sonora Governor to endeavor to adjust difficulties. 1056
278 Same to same (telegram). June 27 Protection of American oil interests. Petroleum bill has not yet reached Congress and is likely that it will not until opening of regular session Sept. 1. No retroactive provisions anticipated. 1070
Mr. Cobb to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Seizure and confiscation of American properties and forced loans. American S. & R. Co. assessed 5,000 pesos as part of forced loan. Train service between Chihuahua and Juarez may be resumed. 1074
[Page CXLII] Same to same (telegram) June 28 Same subject. Agent of Chihuahua mining company reports forced loan of 5,000 pesos, but is hard to justify as the Government has ample money in Juarez. 1074
do June 29 Same subject. Communication between Juarez and Chihuahua now opened, consequently no excuse for maintenance of forced loan. Suggests Carranza be called upon to order Chihuahua authorities to return loan. 1074
do do Same subject. Refers his June 29. Forced loan intended to raise 500,000 pesos; 10 parties imprisoned for failure to comply. 1075
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Cobb (telegram). June 30 Same subject. Ascertain truth of incidents. Your June 28, and advise Department new developments. 1075
Mr. Cobb to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes letter from Chihuahua giving incident in connection with forced loan. 1075
Same to same (telegram). July 3 Same subject. Reliable information from Chihuahua states business men and others refusing to comply with loan were imprisoned. Military disclaims responsibility for loan, but, nevertheless made arrests. No attempt to repay as yet. 1075
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Cobb (telegram). do Same subject. Refers his June 29. In case any American companies complain, Department will give matter prompt consideration. 1076
303 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). do Protection of Americans and American interests. Having been informed strike threatened Tampico, instructs him to confer with authorities to end that it may be averted and foreign property receive protection. 1028
Mr. Cobb to Mr. Lansing (telegram). July 5 Seizure and confiscation of American properties and forced loans. Murgia is in Chihuahua. Americans affected inclined to wait and see what he will do before complaining to Department. 1076
Same to same (telegram). July 6 Same subject. Reference Department’s July 3. Two American companies protesting directly to authorities here with no consequence. I have urged them make complaints to State Department. 1076
do July 7 Same subject. Promise of repayment July 15 but is not believed; business taxes increased. 1077
[Page CXLIII]A–151 Mr. Bonillas to Mr. Lansing. July 7 Embargo on exportation of arms and munitions into Mexico. Transmits note from Mexican Government requesting forwarding to Mexico the ammunition detained at the border on the ground that it was detained on strength of order not in effect at time of purchase. 1082
A–152 Same to same do Same subject. Note transmitted from Mexican Government. Requests that embargo be removed in order to supply Mexican companies with explosives to carry on and improve their works. 1087
313 Mr. Summerlin to Mr. Lansing. July 9 Protection of Americans and American interests. Makes further reference to Department’s 217, May 31, relative to trouble in Yaqui Valley and incloses note from Foreign Office in regard to it. 1028
311 Same to same do Protection of American oil interests. Incloses correspondence with the Foreign Office relative to the refusal to grant permits to drill wells. 1070
Proclamation do Embargo on exportation of arms and munitions into Mexico. A Proclamation by the President. Certain exports in time of war unlawful. 1083
314 Mr. Polk to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). July 10 Seizure and confiscation American properties and forced loans. Governor orders resumption sale Richardson property on account delinquent taxes. Instructs him renew urgently request for suspension proceedings. 1077
Mr. Cobb to Mr. Lansing. July 13 Same subject. Information shows forced loan to be generally repaid. 1077
Mr. Jusserand to Mr. Lansing. July 14 Financial affairs. Suggests certain guaranties be stipulated for the protection of foreign capital in case Carranza should make application to American Government for a loan. 1012
Mr. Scofield to Mr. Lansing. July 16 Political affairs. Reports that the Ojinaga garrison were released and authorized to return to Ojinaga June 2. 942
Mr. Dawson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Protection of Americans and American interests. River boatmen strike led by I. W. W. paralyzing operation three American vessels. Officials promise protection but attitude is ambiguous and developments may assume large proportions. 1028
[Page CXLIV]216 Mr. Polk to Mr. Rodgers (telegram). July 17 Seizure and confiscation of American properties and forced loans. Since war has been avoided Governor states he is ordering release of Richardson Co’s. property. 1077
337 Mr. Polk to Mr. Summerlin (telegram). July 19 Embargo on the exportation of arms and munitions into Mexico. Ask interview with President Carranza and say that upon recommendation of Ambassador Fletcher, American Government orders release of 2,733,000 cartridges now detained at border. 1085
Mr. Polk to Mr. Bonillas. July 20 Same subject. Referring to his note of July 7, the Mexican Ambassador is informed the American Government has authorized the exportation of the munitions requested. 1085
324 Mr. Summerlin to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s telegraphic instruction No. 337 complied with and President Carranza’s thanks communicated. 1085
Mr. Polk to Mr. Dawson (telegram). July 21 Same subject. Department has informed Mexican Government that 2,700,000 rounds ammunition will be released for shipment into Mexico. Ambassador Fletcher will return at once to Mexico and arrange details to insure safe delivery into hands of proper authorities of Mexican Government. 1085
Mr. Dawson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). July 22 Protection of Americans and American interests. Strike well under way. Government can not control situation account lack of troops. Agitators receive money from Galveston. 1029
349 Mr. Summerlin to Mr. Lansing. July 23 Financial affairs. Incloses copy and translation of a decree directing liquidation of banks of issue in connection with decree of Dec. 14, 1916. 1012
337 Same to same (telegram). July 25 Protection of Americans and American interests. Private advice from Tampico states force arrived there sufficient to handle situation. 1029
161 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Dawson. July 26 Protection of American oil interests. Refers to Department’s 267, June 16. Incloses Ambassador’s note to Minister of Industry and Commerce and Minister’s reply in which he states Department of Petroleum issued order refusing permits to drill wells. 1071
[Page CXLV] Mr. Polk to Mr. Bonillas. July 26 Embargo on exportation of arms and munitions into Mexico. In reply to note of July 7, Mr. Polk informs the Mexican Ambassador of President’s Proclamation of July 9, which prohibits certain exports in time of war and says he has referred request of the Undersecretary of State to the Exports Embargo Council. 1086
352 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 2 Financial affairs. Carranza informs him of two offers for loan from private sources and suggests that he be allowed to assure the Mexican Government that the United States will not oppose his borrowing. 1013
350 Same to same (telegram. do Embargo on exportation of arms and munitions into Mexico. Appreciation of action of our Government in regard to cartridges expressed by Mr. Carranza, and his request that they be distributed at various points along railway. 1086
351 do do Protection of American oil interests. In an interview with the President he stated that the Mexican Government did not intend to take over properties now in exploitation and that there would be no confiscation of these properties. 1072
378 Mr. Polk to Mr. Fletcher (telegram.) Aug. 3 Embargo on exportation of arms and munitions into Mexico. Inform President Carranza arrangement satisfactory. 1087
386 Same to same (telegram). Aug. 6 Protection of American oil interests. Inform the President of Mexico that this Government has taken due notice of his statement of August 2, 1917. 1072
391 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). Aug. 8 Financial affairs. Say to General Carranza that our Government will not veto proposed loan, but suggest as your opinion that the chances of obtaining it are slight unless proper guaranty is given. 1014
392 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 10 Protection of American mining interests. Reference Department’s telegram No. 8, Feb. 24. Note from Foreign Office states that information regarding transportation, military protection, etc., can not be given in case of regions in which there are rebels. 1057
[Page CXLVI]402 Same to same Aug. 15 Protection of Americans and American interests. Refers to strike situation and incloses copy of note from Foreign Office. 1029
423 do Aug. 22 Seizure and confiscation American properties and forced loans. Transmits copy of note from Foreign Office stating proceedings have been suspended in order that definite and just action might be taken in matter. 1078
285 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher. Aug. 31 Political affairs. Transmits President’s acknowledgment of President Carranza’s letter wherein he announces his assumption of office. 943
409 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Financial affairs. Reports announcement that the Banco Central and the Banco Hipotecario will be placed in liquidation. 1014
432 Same to same (telegram). Sept. 11 Embargo on exportation of arms and munitions into Mexico. All cartridges sent to Laredo; Mr. Carranza requests authorities there be instructed to pass entire consignment and make distribution. 1087
444 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). Sept. 14 Same subject. Recommended to Exports Administrative Board that it instruct collector, Laredo, to release entire consignment of cartridges. 1087
505 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing. Sept. 25 Financial affairs. Reports issue of a decree providing for establishment of the Sole Bank of Issue Apr. 1, 1918, and fixing its capital at not less than 5,000,000 pesos. 1014
510 Same to same Sept. 26 Political affairs. Reports delivery of President Wilson’s message to Carranza acknowledging the latter’s message in which he announces his assumption of the presidency. 943
Mr. Dawson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Oct. 1 Protection of Americans and American interests. Strike developed Aguila Co., one threatens Pierce Oil. Demands of 50 per cent increase wages considered very improper. 1030
326 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher. Oct. 6 Mexican Constitution of 1917. Quotes portion of Par. 1, Art. 27, and requests him to ascertain whether Mexican Government construes it as calling for complete renunciation of citizenship. 982
[Page CXLVII]532 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Lansing. Oct. 12 Financial affairs. Incloses text and translation of decree as published relative to the establishment of the Sole Bank of Issue. 1015
583 Same to same Nov. 5 Mexican Constitution of 1917. Refers to Department’s 326 and transmits note from Mexican Foreign Office which states foreigners are not required to renounce citizenship in an absolute manner. 982
Mr. Cobb to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Nov. 14 Political affairs. Deputy collector Presidio telegraphs Villa attacks Ojinaga daylight, fighting desultory. 943
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). Nov. 15 Same subject. Department informed of attack by Villa at Ojinaga. It is feared this may endanger American life and property; communicate to proper authorities and say it is the opinion of this Government that Mexican Government should abandon oil fields and concentrate all energies along border. 944
Mr. Cobb to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Nov. 15 Same subject. Villistas capture Ojinaga; 300 Carranzistas surrender to Americans. 944
578 Mr. Polk to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). Nov. 16 Protection of Americans and American interests. Department informed through Navy new strike in progress. Unless Governor Ricaut release I. W. W. imprisoned during last strike, labor leaders threaten general strike. Department wishes Mexican Government support Ricaut. 1030
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Baker. Nov. 22 Political affairs. Incloses translation of a note from Mexican Ambassador reporting arrest by American authorities of 27 Mexican soldiers who were pursued into Texas by malefactors. Asks their release if no objection is perceived. 944
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Bonillas. do Same subject. Informs him he has commended his request to the consideration of the Secretary of War. 945
377 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher. Nov. 27. Protection of American mining interests. Furnish Department with copy of new mining law reported in Mr. Summerlin’s telegram 342, July 30. 1057
Mr. Simpich to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 6 Protection of Americans and American interests. Yaquis attack Esperanza and burn headquarters Richardson Co.; General Mange leaves to try to restore order. 1030
[Page CXLVIII] Same to same (telegram). Dec. 8 Same subject. Reports killing of foreigners in raid on Esperanza Dec. 6. Governor doing all possible with force at his command but situation at times beyond control. 1031
do do Same subject. Indian situation serious on account insufficient and inefficient Mexican forces. Persons murdered at Empalme and Guaymas. 1031
620 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). do Same subject. Request authorities to dispatch force to Esperanza sufficient to cope with Indian situation. 1032
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Simpich (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs to make detailed report on Yaqui situation in Sonora. 1032
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Request State authorities to afford protection also in Yaqui Valley. 1032
Mr. Simpich to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 10 Same subject. Refers to his Dec. 8 and reports Rasmussen only American killed in raid on Esperanza. 1032
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Effort made by Constitutionalist forces to protect Esperanza, 1,000 troops there, main body Indians withdrawn to north with few bands left southwest stealing cattle, led by Villistas. 1033
41 Same to same Dec. 11 Same subject. Makes extended report on the Yaqui situation in Sonora. 1033
627 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). Dec. 12 Same subject. Gives text of Consul Simpich’s telegram Dec. 8, and directs him urge prompt dispatch of force to insure protection in Yaqui Valley. 1035
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Simpich (telegram). do Same subject. Refers his Dec. 8 and Dec. 10. Embassy has been instructed as to situation and directs him continue representations. 1036
Mr. Simpich to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 14 Same subject. Yaqui situation unchanged and further raids expected, in which case Americans are almost unprotected. 1036
663 Mr. Summerlin to Mr. Lansing. Dec. 19 Same subject. Reports receipt of two notes from Foreign Office both of which state that the Department of War has been requested to send sufficient troops to region menaced by Indians. 1036
[Page CXLIX] Mr. Simpich to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Dec. 19 Same subject. No attempt by Mexican troops to attack Indians encamped just outside American settlements. Forty-five Americans remaining in valley to protect property are in constant danger. 1036
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Simpich (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to his Dec. 14 and informs him Department is instructing Embassy to renew requests for protection of Americans. 1037
652 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Fletcher (telegram). do Same subject. Gives text of Consul Simpich’s Dec. 14 and instructs him to renew urgently his request for protection. 1037
660 Same to same (telegram). Dec. 22 Same subject. Instructs him bring text of Simpich’s Dec. 19 to attention authorities and suggest that troops from outside State of Sonora be despatched to afford protection. 1037
Mr. Bonillas to Mr. Lansing. do Political affairs. Reports receipt of telegram from President Carranza which tells of operations of bandits along border. Requests orders be issued to protect frontier. 945
404 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Summerlin. Dec. 26 Protection of Americans and American interests. Incloses Consul Simpich’s despatch reporting Yaqui situation and giving an account of conditions in Yaqui Valley. Instructs him impress upon Foreign Office seriousness of situation. 1037
29 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Simpich. do Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of despatch No. 41 and informs him copy has been sent to Embassy with instructions to impress upon Foreign Office the seriousness of situation in Yaqui Valley as affecting American lives and property. 1038
315 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Bonillas. do Political affairs. Acknowledges receipt of note of Dec. 22, and informs him he has sent copy to Secretary of War for such action as he may deem necessary. 945
The British Embassy to the Department of State. Dec. 31 Financial affairs. Dissolution of partnership of the Tehuantepec railway between Messrs. Pearson and the Mexican Government through stress of circumstances; British interests treated violently on account belief that His Majesty’s Government has prevented supplies coming from the United States. 1016
[Page CL]

MOROCCO

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
1631 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jusserand. 1917 Jan. 2 United States capitulatory rights in Morocco. French and Spanish Protectorates. In order that recognition of French Protectorate may be expedited suggests that it could be formally done and American capitulations considered later. 1093
Mr. Jusserand to Mr. Lansing. Jan. 8 Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of note of the 2d and assures him French Government appreciates proposal made therein and accepts it with satisfaction. 1093
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jusserand. Jan. 15 Same subject. Refers to his note of 2d and formally recognizes establishment of French Protectorate in Morocco. 1094
Mr. Jusserand to Mr. Lansing. Jan. 19 Same subject. Expresses appreciation of his Government upon recognition of its protectorate by our Government, but suggests change in wording of note of recognition. 1095
Mr. Riaño to Mr. Lansing. July 25 Same subject. Requests that Spanish influence be recognized and clearly set forth as compared to French Protectorate, and that the United States renounce capitulations in Spanish sphere. 1095
600 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Riaño. Aug. 20 Same subject. Refers to his July 25, requesting the renunciation of American capitulatory rights, and informs him that such may be accomplished only through treaty between the two powers and same to be ratified by the United States Senate. 1096
1977 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jusserand. Oct. 20 Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of his note of 19th and accepts change in wording of note of recognition to conform with French wishes. 1096

NICARAGUA

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
M r. Lansing to Mr. Jefferson (telegram). 1917 Jan. 10 Financial affairs. Quotes telegram received by the bankers from the foreign bondholders dated Jan. 5. Asks opinion as to statements therein. 1112
[Page CLI] Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 12 Same subject. Department’s Jan. 10. Provisions of telegram discussed with President and Minister of Finance. Have agreed to ask that such an agreement be entered into. On account of financial difficulties of Government probably one of best ways to aid Chamorro administration. Suggest that money held here by customs be turned over at once to the Nicaraguan Government. 1112
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jefferson (telegram). Jan. 13 Same subject. Legation’s Dec. 31 and Jan. 12. Bankers cabling to find out if bondholders will agree to better terms. Financial adviser and commission must be appointed before authorization of payment of Ethelburga interest. Upon appointment of adviser Department will consider authorizing sum to meet deficits of Government. 1113
Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 18 Same subject. Matter of forming commission again discussed with President and his legal advisers. They strongly advised against including in the plan reopening of mixed claims awards. They agreed to comply with provisions of Art. 3 of the Bryan-Chamorro treaty subject to certain conditions. Gives conditions. 1113
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jefferson (telegram). Jan. 26 Same subject. Legation’s Jan. 18. Mixed claims awards. Department felt that speculators not entitled to full value if bought at low figure for purpose of great gain. What are your views and those of Government? Three propositions of President being carefully considered. Number one must wait result of investigation. 1113
Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Nicaraguan Government wishes Ethelburga be paid from money now on deposit from the Canal Treaty. In return expects certain money to be placed at its disposal by the United States Government. Executive has communicated to National Congress decree for purpose of creating a debt commission. President claims it would be impolitic to press for appointment of financial adviser at present time. 1114
[Page CLII] Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jefferson (telegram). Jan. 26 Same subject. Department’s Jan. 10, Legation’s Jan. 12. For information of Legation Department quotes telegrams exchanged between bankers and Council of Foreign Bondholders with a view to making a satisfactory adjustment of Nicaragua’s finances. 1114
Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Jan. 30 Same subject. Department’s Jan. 26. Decree for forming commission drawn in accordance with Art. 85, Sec. 15 of the Constitution which will give President and commission ample power to investigate any claim that has changed hands for purposes of speculation. No. 2 contemplates additional $100,000 from Canal fund for college purposes. 1115
Mr. Cuadra Z. to Mr. Lansing. Jan. 31 Same subject. Names of members of Debt Commission sent to Congress. Decree relative thereto expected this week. Opportune time being awaited for presentation of name of financial adviser. Asks payment of sum of $250,000, on account of proceeds of Canal Treaty. 1115
Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 1 Same subject. Desires Ethelburga be paid amount necessary to cover the 25 coupons corresponding for the lapse of time from Jan. 1915, to Jan. 1, 1917, inclusive. President will submit to Congress question of a financial adviser at opportune time. Asks that Department authorize payment $250,000 from the Canal fund for urgent needs. 1116
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jefferson (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s Jan. 25, Legation’s Jan. 26. Department now approves payment of $250,000 to Government Nicaragua for pressing indebtedness and back salaries. 1116
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 2 Same subject. First paragraph Legation’s Jan. 30, approved. Matter of additional $100,000 must await result of investigation and report of commission. 1117
Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 5 Same subject. Departments Feb. 1. Nicaraguan Government informed that sum of $250,000 deposited to its order. On what bank are the drafts to be drawn for this amount? 1117
[Page CLIII]28 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Cuadra Z. Feb. 7 Same subject. Acknowledges note from Nicaraguan Minister dated Jan. 31. United States Government agrees to the applying of $250,000 from the Canal fund to Government indebtedness and back salaries. 1117
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jefferson (telegram). do Same subject. Legation’s Feb. 5. Department deposited to-day with Brown Brothers and Co., New York, Treasury warrant for $250,000 to the order of the Government of Nicaragua under Art. 3 of the treaty. Money has been ordered cabled to National Bank of Nicaragua to be held subject to order of Minister of Finance and Ham Committee. 1118
Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Feb. 23 Same subject. Passage of law creating debt commission. President wishes Secretary to indicate his choices of members. Lindberg would be very acceptable. 1118
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jefferson (telegram). Feb. 27 Same subject. Legation’s Feb. 23. Formation of commission by passage of law satisfactory to Department. Minister of Finance, Lindberg and Paxton to be third, will also be satisfactory. 1118
346 Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing. Feb. 28 Same subject. Incloses copy of the law creating Commission of Public Credit. 1119
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 7 Same subject. Department’s Feb. 27. President approves appointment of Lindberg and Paxton. Commission to begin work at once. 1120
355 Same to same Mar. 19 Bryan-Chamorro Treaty. Incloses copy of the decision of the Central American Court in the case of the Government of El Salvador against Nicaragua relative to the concession of a naval base in the Gulf of Fonseca by the Nicaraguan Government in the Bryan-Chamorro treaty. 1100
Mr. Cuadra Z. to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 24 Financial affairs. President of Nicaragua urges that mention of a financial adviser be struck out of the contract with Ethelburga. Agrees to mention being made of Commission on the Revision of Debts. 1120
[Page CLIV] Mr. Polk to Mr. Jefferson (telegram). Mar. 24 Same subject. Legation’s Dec. 31, first sentence, second paragraph, and Jan. 12. Financial plan devised necessitates arrangement with Ethelburga syndicate and is contingent upon appointment of financial advisor. Bankers threaten to withdraw their cooperation. Department confident President will undertake to remedy this condition. 1120
357 Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 28 Same subject. Incloses copy of data requested by the Commission of Public Credit of the holders of claims against the Government of Nicaragua. 1121
Same to same (telegram). Apr. 10 Same subject. President claims it would not be politic nor possible for him to appoint financial adviser. Favors letting matter go on as before in hands of Collector General of Customs and the bankers secured in their investment. Promises to live within the budget. Certain suggestions by the American Minister for Department’s consideration. 1123
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jefferson (telegram). Apr. 20 Same subject. Legation’s Apr. 10. Objection of President Chamorro communicated to bankers. Bankers give tentative consent to renew negotiations with Ethelburga and to continue their cooperation with plan upon certain conditions. Gives conditions. 1123
33 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Cuadra Z. Apr. 24 Same subject. Acknowledges note of Mar. 24 from the Nicaraguan Legation. General Chamorro’s request for good offices in Ethelburga contract matter receiving consideration of Department. 1124
Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). May 25 Same subject. Quotes full text of agreement which Chamorro accepted for adjusting the indebtedness of the Government of Nicaragua. Reqests to be informed immediately if it meets approval of Department. 1125
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jefferson (telegram). June 21 Same subject. Legation’s May 25. Plan accepted, provided certain modifications are made. Gives modifications desired. 1127
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Plan for adjustment of financial difficulties of Nicaragua is being cabled. Quotes message explaining plan and instructs to communicate it to President contemporaneously with presenting plan. 1129
[Page CLV] Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). July 4 Same subject. Department’s June 21. Nicaraguan Government accepts plan of Department with certain recommendations. Gives recommendations. 1130
Same to same (telegram). July 11 Same subject. President requests out of first payment at least $250,000 to make up balance of $500,000 to pay back salaries. Desires be advised regarding counter proposition to plan of Department as he wishes to adjourn Congress. 1131
Mr. Polk to Mr. Jefferson (telegram). July 12 Same subject. Legations July 4. Reply of Department in matter of certain recommendations in financial plan proposed by Nicaraguan Government. 1131
Same to same (telegram). July 18 Same subject. Legation’s July 16. Department desirous that plan embodied in Department’s June 21 be promptly adopted and a contract actually signed. Recommends that matter of interest on Emery claim and details of imposition of surtax on imports be eliminated from formal contract to be executed. 1132
Same to same (telegram). July 19 Same subject. Legation’s July 11. Department favorably disposed to payment for back salaries of $250,000 on certain conditions. Understanding as to how sums will be first payable from customs and treaty fund. Offer of Brown Bros, to purchase stock of National Bank held by Nicaragua. Requests most recent figures accumulated customs revenues. Asks views as to advisability of enactment of new tariff. 1132
do July 25 Same subject. Explains item 3 of Department’s July 19. Department can not see how amount for application to awards of commission can be increased to $1,500,000 if back salaries are paid. 1133
Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 1 Same subject. Yesterday afternoon Congress reassembled in extraordinary session. Plan of Department will be presented to-day. President intends to ask Congress to accept plan with amendment that either interest on Emery claim be waived or claim be submitted to Commission Public Credit. 1133
[Page CLVI] Mr. Polk to Mr. Jefferson (telegram). Aug. 2 Same subject. Instructs inform President that it was found impracticable to make payment out of Treaty fund on account objection creditors; payment to be made when plan favorably acted upon by Nicaraguan Congress. 1134
Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Aug. 8 Same subject. Finance Committee refers plan to Congress, and representative of Government is appointed to participate in execution of formal contract in United States. 1134
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jefferson (telegram). Aug. 9 Same subject. Legation’s Aug. 1. Department convinced financial plan will fail totally if the Government of Nicaragua insists that either interest on Emery claim be waived or claim be submitted to Commission Public Credit. Gives reasons. 1135
404 Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 13 President’s message to the National Assembly. Incloses copy of President Chamorro’s message of July 31, 1917, to the National Congress called to pass upon the financial plan of the Department of State for the settlement and reorganization of Nicaragua’s indebtedness. 1097
Same to same (telegram). Aug. 18 Financial affairs. Gives text of proposed amendments and says he has insisted that plan be passed without modification. 1136
do Sept. 1 Same subject. Nicaraguan Congress in extraordinary session approved financial plan with some modifications and enacted it into law. Gives the modifications. 1136
410 Same to same Sept. 4 Same subject. Incloses note from Foreign Office announcing appointment of Consul General at New Orleans as representative of Nicaraguan Government in making contract. 1137
412 do Sept. 5 Same subject. Reports financial plan enacted into law Aug. 29; transmits copy of it as published in newspaper, and comments upon taxes. 1138
Same to same (telegram). Sept. 12 Same subject. Quotes part of Executive decree appointing Ramon Enríquez as representative Nicaraguan Government and suggest $50,000 be allowed for back salaries. 1141
[Page CLVII] Same to same (telegram). Sept. 18 Same subject. States he has in his possession power of attorney authorizing Enríquez to act for Government and will forward it at once. 1141
Mr. Enríquez to Mr. Lansing. Oct. 5 Same subject. Asks payment of $25,000 on account of Canal Treaty to be used in payment of arrears of salaries to members of Nicaraguan Congress. 1141
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jefferson (telegram). Oct. 6 Same subject. Informs bankers submit final draft financial plan for approval Department, and states pressing of request of Emery interests for reduction or waiving of claims will jeopardize whole plan. 1142
47 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Enríquez. Oct. 12 Same subject. Acknowledges his Oct. 5 and says steps have been taken for payment of money. 1143
Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). do Same subject. Has informed Chamorro he should instruct representative to accept plan. Reports on attitude of other Governments. 1143
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jefferson (telegram). Oct. 16 Same subject. Asks what arrangements have been made for application to awards of Mixed Claims Commission, of money held by Ham on account of Ethelburga. 1144
Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Oct. 18 Same subject. Replies to his Oct. 16 and states no arrangements have been made. 1144
Mr. Enríquez to Mr. Lansing. Oct. 22 Same subject. Asks that this Government approve payment of remaining sum of money, as Nicaragua has urgent need of it, before agreement is formally approved by Nicaraguan Congress. 1144
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Enríquez (telegram). Oct. 27 Same subject. Refuses to make payment of remaining sum as was suggested in his Oct. 22, but states $75,000 will be paid. 1146
Mr. Enríquez to Mr. Lansing. Oct. 29 Same subject. Confirms his request made in telegram and asks that money be sent in same manner as formerly. 1146
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jefferson (telegram). Nov. 2 Same subject. Reports despatch of financial agreement and states Department can not approve of total amount asked for by Nicaraguan Government at present, but will approve payment of $75,000 in view of pressing needs. 1146
[Page CLVIII] Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Nov. 8 Same subject. Bankers and Chamorro disagree upon who shall disburse funds; to avoid controversy suggests that Secretary designate person to handle situation. 1147
50 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Enríquez. Nov. 12 Same subject. Concurs with plan of Nicaraguan Government respecting application of money to payment of back salaries. 1147
Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Nov. 14 Same subject. Congress approves contracts; requests payment of balance of fund to Nicaragua. 1148
Mr. Enríquez to Mr. Lansing. Nov. 20 Same subject. Enumerates items which he asks to be paid from United States Treasury and says he is authorized to sign necessary checks for compliance with treaty. 1148
Same to same Nov. 22 Same subject. Under instructions from his Government asks remittance of $130,000 in same manner as before and deposit of $75,000 in bank at Washington. 1149
do do Same subject. Nicaraguan Government has decided to apply the sum of $485,000 from the sum to be paid to Nicaragua in accordance with the Treaty of August, 1914, for account of its indebtedness to the Government of the United States under protocol of Sept. 18, 1909. 1149
do do Same subject. Outlines payment of various items and asks that remainder of the $3,000,000 be deposited in bank. 1149
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jefferson (telegram). Nov. 30 Same subject. Refers to Legation’s Nov. 8. States all arrangements for payment of funds have been made and disbursing officer designated. 1150
447 Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing. do Same subject. Incloses copy of executive decree which approves plan and contracts without any amendments. 1151
53 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Enríquez. Dec. 3 Same subject. Acknowledges note of Nov. 22. United States Government concurs in the proposed application of the mentioned sum from the $3,000,000. 1151
54 Same to same do Same subject. Informs that American Government has complied with request contained in his Nov. 22. 1152
[Page CLIX] Mr. Urtecho to Mr. Lansing. Dec. 3 Bryan-Chamorro Treaty. Incloses copy of a circular note sent by the Nicaraguan Foreign Office to the Central American Governments signatory to the Convention of Washington, Dec. 20, 1907, for the purpose of explaining and justifying Nicaragua’s attitude in rejecting the two judgments rendered against it by the Central American Court in the actions instituted by the Governments of Costa Rica and Salvador. 1104
Mr. Enríquez to Mr. Lansing. Dec. 5 Financial affairs. Reports sending money to foreign bondholders in accordance with Art. 1 of contract signed October 1. 1152
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Jefferson (telegram). Dec. 6 Same subject. Advises of appointment of Jeremiah Jenks as director of the National Bank of Nicaragua and of the Ferrocarril del Pacifico and as umpire with the High Commission. 1152
Same to same (telegram). Dec. 14 Same subject. Foreign bondholders have received payment in accordance with contract; authorize Hani turn money over to Government when proper guaranty is received. 1153
56 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Enríquez. Dec. 18 Same subject. Acknowledges note of Dec. 5, stating that payment to the corporation of foreign bondholders had been effected. 1153
461 Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Lansing. Dec. 22 President’s message. Incloses copy of President’s message to the National Congress, which he read at the convening of the ordinary session on December 15, 1917. 1099

PANAMA

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
727 Mr. Morales to Mr. Lansing. 1916 July 28 Railway and road construction. I. Extension of the Chiriqui Railway. Inquires whether the American Government is disposed to agree to assignment of so much of the annuity necessary to meet the interests on new issue of bonds for the extension of the Chiriaui Railroad. 1179
1149 Mr. Price to Mr. Lansing. Oct. 27 Claims of American citizens against Panama growing out of riots in 1915. Incloses copies of correspondence with the Panama Foreign Office regarding riots of Feb. 14, 1915 and Apr. 2, 1915. 1154
[Page CLX]1164 Same to same Nov. 13 Same subject. Report of proceedings, against Carlos Nuñez, inclosing copies of judgement rendered therein and Foreign Office note. 1155
302 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Price. Nov. 24 Same subject. Approves action reported in his 1149. Department will take up claims after claims growing out of the riot of July 4, 1912 are settled. 1156
1175 Mr. Price to Mr. Lansing. Nov. 27 Railway and road construction jointly by the United States and Panama. Incloses copy of bill introduced in the National Assembly authorizing the President to construct railroads and wagon roads throughout the Republic by means of special understanding with, the United States. 1194
308 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Price. Dec. 1 Claims of American citizens against Panama growing out of riots in 1915. Acknowledges report regarding commencement of proceedings against Nunez. 1157
1207 Mr. Price to Mr. Lansing. Dec. 21 Concession to Basil Burns Duncan. Basil Burns Duncan expresses desire to build railroad along Atlantic coast between mouth of Chagres River and Chiriqui Lagoon. Quotes letter to Duncan from War Department. 1185
7 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Porras. Dec. 22 Extension of the Chiriqui Railway. This Government will approve hypothecation of sufficient amount of Panaman money invested in New York, in order to secure payment of interest and amortization of bond issue upon condition that Panaman Government will guarantee that money will be spent only upon extension of railroad. 1180
996 Mr. Porras to Mr. Lansing. Dec. 26 Same subject. Calls attention to probable errors in Department’s note of Dec. 22, 1916, and interprets his Legation’s note of July 28, 1916. 1181
8 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Porras. 1917 Jan. 4 Same subject. Department will approve hypothecation of sufficient amount of annuity to pay interest on bond issue and to provide for the amortization thereof upon condition that assurance is given that money will be used only for Chiriqui extension. 1182
[Page CLXI] Mr. Baker to Mr. Lansing. 1916 Jan. 26 Concession to Basil Burns Duncan. Approves of concession being granted to B. B. Duncan for construction of main line if Penonomé branch line is eliminated. 1186
Mr. Ingraham to Mr. Lansing. Jan. 31 Railway and road construction jointly by the United States and Panama. Roads desirable for military purposes should be constructed wholly by the United States. 1195
346 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Price. Feb. 14 Concession to Basil Burns Duncan. Transmits text of War Department’s Jan. 26 in regard to construction of line. 1186
1264 Mr. Price to Mr. Lansing. Feb. 19 Claims of American citizens against Panama growing out of riots in 1915. Reports acquittal of Nunez. 1157
Mr. Lansing to Mr. Price (telegram). Mar. 8 Concession to B. B. Duncan. Report whether concession granted Duncan included branch line to Penonomé. 1187
Mr. Price to Mr. Lansing (telegram). Mar. 9 Same subject. Railway concession granted Duncan but provision for specific branch line not included. Quotes provision for construction of branch lines. 1187
1290 Same to same Mar. 10 Same subject. Incloses copy of concession and states Duncan is willing to enter into any arrangement with American Government to prevent it being construed as authorizing construction of branch line objected to by that Government. 1187
Mr. Baker to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 27 Same subject. Suggests that agreement be reached with President of Panama under which no authorization for branch line shall be granted until the United States has assented thereto. 1188
362 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Price Apr. 4 Same subject. Instructs him in sense of War Department’s Mar. 27. 1189
1337 Mr. Price to Mr. Lansing. Apr. 12 Railway and road construction jointly by the United States and Panama. Commission appointed to go to the United States for negotiation. 1195
1349 Same to same Apr. 21 Concession to B. B. Duncan. Incloses copy of letter from Mr. Duncan giving assurance that it is his aim to work in harmony with Government of the United States. 1190
Mr. Porras to Mr. Lansing. Apr. 27 Railway and road construction jointly by the United States and Panama. Announces arrival of special mission and asks an audience. 1196
[Page CLXII] The Panaman Commission to the Department of State. Apr. 27 Same subject. Sets forth reasons why roads should be built in common interest and incloses statement of propositions to meet the situation. 1196
Mr. Baker to Mr. Lansing. Apr. 30 Concession to B. B. Duncan. Suggests agreement formerly proposed be made to include all questions arising in connection with concession which might be prejudicial to interests of the United States. 1191
378 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Price. May 2 Claims of American citizens against Panama growing out of riots in 1915. Incloses memorials covering claims of Langdon, Richeson, and Day; gives facts of the riot of Apr. 2, 1915, with instructions as to procedure. 1158
The Panaman Commission to the Department of State. May 5 Railway and road construction jointly by the United States and Panama. Calls attention to special advantage of building railway from city of Panama to border of Costa Rica. 1200
1418 Mr. Price to Mr. Lansing. June 8 Claims of American citizens against Panama growing out of riots in 1915. Suggests inclusion of Klimp and Deloughery as claimants, and manner of procedure. 1163
1420 Same to same June 9 Concession to B. B. Duncan. Incloses copy of note to the Foreign Office in endeavor to obtain agreement that no branch roads would be approved without consent of American authorities. 1192
Mr. Baker to Mr. Lansing. June 11 Railway and road construction jointly by the United States and Panama. War Department takes view that construction should be undertaken solely as the question affects the defenses of the Canal, and that American Government should bear entire expense of such work. 1201
1431 Mr. Price to Mr. Lansing. June 16 Concession to B. B. Duncan. Incloses note from Foreign Office by which it is agreed that the Executive Power will consult American Government before authorizing branch lines. 1193
Lieut. Col. Brown to Mr. Stabler. June 20 Railway and road construction jointly by the United States and Panama. Outlines program of road construction as approved by the War Department. 1201
[Page CLXIII]400 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Price. June 30 Claims of American citizens against Panama growing out of riots in 1915. Approves suggestion in his 1418 as to manner of demand, and instructs claim for Klimp and Deloughery improper. 1164
Same to same July 2 Concession to B. B. Duncan. Acknowledges receipt of Legation’s 1430 of June 16. 1194
Mr. Porras to Mr. Lansing. July 27 Railway and road construction jointly by the United States and Panama. Panaman Government highly pleased to learn that United States will build roads in Panama. Asks to be informed when work will be started. 1202
Same to same Aug. 1 Extension of Chiriqui Railway. Panaman Government definitely decides to extend Chiriqui Railway and inquires whether American Government is still disposed to grant approval of new bond issue. 1183
33 Mr. Polk to Mr. Porras. Aug. 3 Railway and road construction jointly by the United States and Panama. Legation’s note of the 27th is receiving consideration. 1203
1513 Mr. Price to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 13 Extension of the Chiriqui Railway. Incloses copy of decree issued by President of Panama perfecting legal technicalities necessary prior to issuance of bonds. 1184
38 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Porras. Aug. 14 Same subject. Department approves of new issue of bonds for purpose specified. 1183
Mr. Baker to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 17 Railway and road constructed jointly by the United States and Panama. The Governor of the Panama Canal has been requested to prepare estimates for construction of roads referred to. 1203
1526 Mr. Price to Mr. Lansing. Aug. 21 Claims of American citizens against Panama growing out of riots in 1915. Acknowledges instructions and incloses note to Foreign Office. 1164
41 Mr. Lansing to Mr. Porras. Aug. 24 Railway and road construction jointly by the United States and Panama. Incloses copy of War Department’s Aug. 17. 1204
1615 Mr. Price to Mr. Lansing. Oct. 15 Claims of American citizens against Panama growing out of riots in 1915. Incloses reply of Foreign Office to presentation of claims. 1168
[Page CLXIV]

RUSSIA

No. From and to whom Date Subject Page
Mr. Francis to Mr. Lansing (telegram). 1917 Mar. 17 Political affairs. Revolution started; loyal troops joined popular movement; former officials murdered; provisional government set up by 12 members of Duma and social democrats; movement general throughout Empire; Emperor abdicated in favor brother. 1205
1103 Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes statement abdication of Emperor and son in favor former’s brother who replied will accept if people wish; Milioukoff recognized by Foreign Office; workingmen’s committee demand republic; quiet prevails. 1205
Mr. Bakhméteff to Mr. Lansing. Mar. 18 Same subject. Transmits copy of communication from Minister of Foreign Affairs outlining in detail the events of the revolution.