File No. 793.94/533
Minister Reinsch to the Secretary of State
Peking , September 4, 1916 .
Sir: I have the honor to enclose, for your information, copy of a despatch from the Consulate General at Mukden, which deals with the collision between Chinese and Japanese troops at Chengchiatun and the results arising therefrom:
As a result of the killing of certain Japanese soldiers at Chengchiatun, the Japanese Government, through its Minister here, has on September 2 made certain demands upon the Chinese Government. I am confidentially informed that they are as follows:
- Group I: Action which it is desirable for the Chinese
Government to take—
- The employment of Japanese military advisers in Manchuria and Inner Mongolia;
- The employment of Japanese instructors in military schools;
- Indemnity for the lives of the persons killed; and
- An apology.
- Group II: Action which the Japanese Government will find
itself forced categorically to insist upon—
- That in all localities in Manchuria and Eastern Mongolia where numbers of Japanese sojourn there shall be established a Japanese police service;
- That throughout Manchuria and Eastern Mongolia the Chinese police shall be provided with Japanese advisers;
- That all the officers of the Chinese brigade involved in the Chengchiatun affair shall be dismissed and degraded; and
- That strict orders shall be issued to the military in Manchuria under no circumstances to take action against any Japanese.
As in the case of the demands of 1915, the strictest secrecy was enjoined upon the Chinese Foreign Office by the Japanese Minister.
A certain show of moderation is imparted to this list, undoubtedly with a purpose, by including indemnity and apology under things desirable, but not categorically demanded. The thing that is categorically demanded, i. e. the policing of Manchurian towns by the Japanese and the control by them of the Chinese police forces throughout those regions, strikes a blow against the sovereignty of China in Manchuria which gives this affair a very serious character. The degree to which this is resented by the Chinese is apparent from the newspaper discussions (published in the Peking Gazette) which are enclosed herewith.4
It may be necessary for the Chinese to submit to the demands framed by Japan * * *.
I have [etc.]
- Not printed.↩