File No. 871/52–54.

Minister Moses to the Secretary of State.

No. 20—Greek Series.]

Sir: I have the honor to transmit herewith copy, with translation, of the second communication to Greece, delivered August 13, copy of the reply of Greece thereto, delivered August 18, and copy of the communication of the Greek Government to the ministers of the protecting powers at Athens, dated August 18, 1909.

In Crete turbulence appears to have subsided. A force of sailors from the powers’ fleet prevented the raising of the Greek flag on the fortress at Canea on Wednesday morning, August 18, and cut down the staff from which the flag had flown. This disposition of the flag episode seems to have been satisfactory on all hands. The provisional Government is preparing for the election of a new Chamber; and the status quo recognized by the joint note of the powers prior to the withdrawal of their troops is maintained.

I have, etc.,

Geo. H. Moses.
[Inclosure 1.—Translation.]

Second note of the Turkish Government to Greece, delivered August 13, 1909.

Telegram received. We learn with regret that the president of the council wishes to demonstrate the correctness of the policy pursued by Greece toward the Empire. His excellency endeavors proof of this in the admission attributed to the Imperial Government. The repeated steps we have taken, through the medium of our minister at Athens as well as through that of the royal legation at Constantinople, in protest to the Royal Government against the behavior of Hellenic agents, the established presence in Roumelia of Greek officers in disguise, and the dispatch of a large quantity of contraband arms, are all proofs in support of our just complaints. As for the Cretan question, that is the concern, in fact of the Sublime Porte and the protecting powers alone. Greece has nothing to do with it. Since the attitude of the Hellenic Government has not hitherto been above reproach our only desire has been to induce it to make a clear and frank declaration along the lines laid down in my preceding communication, [Page 343] with a view to the removal of all occasion for misunderstanding between the two countries. The reply of the honorable the president of the council has been entirely unsatisfactory on this point. We have full confidence in his conciliatory disposition, and are desirous of having a reply in consonance with our first communication.

[Inclosure 2.—Translation.]

Reply of Greece, delivered August 18, 1909.

We observe with the liveliest regret that even after our reply to the communication which has been made by your excellency in the name of the Imperial Government, Turkey presses her complaints regarding the attitude of the Royal Government in both Roumelia and Crete.

There can be no doubt that the anarchy which has for so long a time afflicted one of the Roumelian Provinces in particular has given rise to many misunderstandings; and no one can lament more than we the disturbance which has decimated and ruined those peoples without regard to race or religion. Accordingly when a new state of affairs gives hope of reestablishing order we are making every effort to facilitate, as far as in us lies, the task which the Imperial Government has to face. The measures taken by the Royal Government prove its resolute decision not to diverge in the smallest degree from this line of conduct.

Touching Crete, the Imperial Government must surely admit that, in its preceding declarations, far from considering our former attitude as not above reproach, it has again and again declared the strict correctness thereof. Nevertheless, we take advantage of the opportunity given us by the Imperial Government’s new communication to declare that the Royal Government will shape its conduct in all respects in conformity with the decisions of the protecting powers, refraining from encouragement of all agitation which might hereafter occur in the island.

We hope that after these explanations the Imperial Government will acknowledge the honest purposes of Greece toward the Empire, and that it will have no cause for the continuance of misunderstandings so disastrous for the interests of the two countries.

[Inclosure 3.—Translation.]

The Greek Government to the four protecting powers.

In response to the proposition of the great protecting powers the Royal Government hastens to submit for their high appreciation the following considerations in reply to the communication which the Imperial Ottoman Government has addressed to it on the subject of the attitude of Greece in both Macedonia and Crete.

(Here follows text of the Greek note of this date to the Turkish Government.)