Mr. Pendleton to Mr. Bayard.
Berlin, February 4, 1888. (Received February 20.)
Sir: I have the honor to inclose herewith copy and translation of the treaty between Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, concluded on October 7, 1879.
The real motives producing this publication now, after about nine years, are very much discussed ail over the continent and in Great Britain. The suggestions are as numerous and different as the writers. The peace party is of the opinion that the publication will aid the cause of peace by showing how purely defensive the alliance really was and is, and yet how closely it will bring together the allied Governments in case of attack, thus at the same time ministering to the susceptibilities of the Czar, and warning him of the magnitude of the contest he will enter upon. It is believed that the late understanding between Germany and Italy embraces substantially the same points, and goes to the same length. The war party declares that the allies have given up [Page 612] the hope of peace, and that this publication is in the nature of a despairing threat to Russia and an appeal for the sympathy of the peace-loving world when the conflict shall soon actually come about.
I have, etc.,