No. 243.
Mr. Chang Yen Hoon to Mr. Bayard.

Sir: It becomes my unpleasant duty to bring to your attention further acts of violence against Chinese subjects and injury to their property [Page 364] in violation of treaty rights, additional to the lawless acts which have been the subject of my previous notes.

It appears from the reports received at this legation and corroborated by the statements of the officers of the United States and of the public press, that a considerable body of peaceable and law-abiding Chinese laborers at the mines on Douglass Island and in the vicinity of Juneau, Alaska Territory, near one hundred in number, were assaulted in the month of August last by a band of wicked and lawless men, with arms and violence, and ordered to cease work and abandon the Territory; that when the Chinese declined to go voluntarily, the mob of armed men took them by force, drove them to the sea-shore, put them on miserable, small schooners, and sent them adrift on the ocean; that they were, after enduring great hardships, landed on a distant and barren land; that being kindly taken on board by a passing steamer, they were carried back to the place where they had been working; that they desired to return to their employment, but the wicked men who had first driven them away threatened their lives if they remained, and neither their employers nor the United States authorities could afford them any protection; that to save their lives, and with great pecuniary loss and damage, they were compelled to flee to San Francisco and elsewhere outside of the Territory of Alaska, having endured further hardship and suffering on their journey; and that, owing to the reign of terror created by these wicked men, they have not been able to return to Alaska.

Official information of this outrage has doubtless reached your Government, as the noble and honored President in his last annual message to Congress has alluded to it; and General Gibbon, the military commander in Washington Territory, in his annual report of September 8, 1886, states that “a report has recently reached me from authentic sources that in the mouth of August a number of Chinese laborers were expelled from Douglass Island, in the Territory of Alaska, by an organized party of white men, who acted with great brutality towards their helpless victims.” The newspaper account which I inclose herewith will furnish you with some of the many details published by the press at the time.

It has not been possible for me, owing to the distant locality of these occurrences, to obtain speedily an accurate estimate of the losses which have been sustained by the Chinese through these lawless acts; but I take the liberty to transmit to you a copy of the petition of some of the sufferers, and as soon as I can obtain further information I will again communicate with you on the subject. But I have felt it my duty not to delay longer to address you and to ask urgently that rigorous and effective measures will be adopted, if not already taken, to bring to merited punishment the wicked men who have so defiantly violated the laws and the treaties and have so inhumanly outraged the rights of my countrymen to their great bodily suffering and pecuniary loss.

Accept, sir, etc.,

Chang Yen Hoon.
[Inclosure 1.—From the Chicago Tribune, August 15, 1886.]

newspaper account of the expulsion.

Inhumanity to Chinamen—The brutal treatment accorded the Celestial miners who were expelled from Douglass Island and Juneau City, Alaska.

Mr. J. B. Hammond, an engineer and contractor of this city, has just returned home and gives a doleful account of the recent expulsion of Chinese miners from [Page 365] Douglass Island and Juneau City, Alaska. He also recites the words of ex-Governor Hoadley, of Ohio; Bishop Warren, of Colorado; Dr. Haven, of Chicago; Chief-Justice Waite, and others, who were in Alaska about the time, and all of whom denounced in the most bitter terms the inhumanity and barbarity that, by intimidation and force, compelled the defenseless heathen to quit their labors and risk their lives in small and unseaworthy boats for the long voyage down the coast to Fort Wraugel.

The facts are stated to be that one hundred armed men visited the Tread well mine on Douglass Island and ordered the Chinese to leave, threatening them in unmistakable language with death if they remained. Somewhat to the astonishment of their employers the Chinamen expressed a readiness to stay and fight, but, being unarmed and a ageneral massacre being almost certain to follow any resistance on their part, it was reluctantly admitted that the only thing for them to do was to leave. Some efforts were made through the United States marshal to secure protection for them, but too late. The Chinese were marched in a body from the mines, taken in skiffs to Juneau, and then packed on board two small schooners. There were eighty-seven of them in all, and they so crowded the boats that there was not even room for them to lie down. To add to the brutality of the expulsion, they were given nothing to shelter them from the inclement weather and barely rice enough to keep them from starving on their four weeks’ trip along the coast. Mr. Hammond was an eye-witness to the expulsion, and denounces it as a most cowardly and inhuman proceeding. The Chinamen, he says, were not to blame for being there, having gone to work under a contract made in San Francisco at a time when it was impossible to get white labor to go to Alaska. As it is now, he says, the mine-owners will have to indemnify the Chinese, and the owners will, in turn, demand indemnity from the Government.

[Inclosure 2.]

petition of chinese subjects.

To His Excellency the Chinese Minister:

The petition of Fung Ah Soey, native of the district of Sunning, and others, all subjects of China, lately working in the mines on Douglass Island, Alaska Territory, respectfully sets forth:

That your petitioners were laborers lately employed in the mines on Douglass Island, Alaska Territory. That on the 8th day of the 7th month in the last year (August 6, 1886), a party of wicked men, over one hundred in number, drove your petitioners to the sea-shore, took them across in small boats to Juneau, and subsequently placed them onboard small schooners, which conveyed them to Fort Wrangel, where they were landed on a barren land and left, suffering from both hunger and cold.

That fortunately a passenger vessel called the Ancon passed by, her master took your petitioners on board, and carried them back to the place where they had been working. That the wicked parties, armed with guns, threatened to kill your petitioners. Your petitioners were greatly alarmed, and for the protection of their lives fled to the port of San Francisco in a vessel. They had to borrow money of their employers to pay for their passage.

That your petitioners, in consequence of their expulsion from the island, lost all their money and property, amounting in all to $13,762.65.

That the four leaders of the wicked party are named, respectively, Jack Timmers, Patrick McGliney, Frank Berry, and George Wheelock.

That a delay has been occasioned in making this report owing to sometime having been taken to ascertain the names above mentioned. That a statement of the losses sustained by your petitioners has been lodged with the consul-general at San Francisco. Your petitioners therefore humbly pray that your excellency will kindly take this matter into your consideration and communicate the same to the Government of the United States, to the end that proper punishment may be inflicted on the evildoers and indemnification be awarded to your petitioners. And your petitioners shall, as in duty bound, ever pray.

[Signed by various Chinese subjects.]